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Plate No. 16 

S F. He*s Latt«r, January 5, 1895. 



Ptic« P»r Copy. lO C«nl« 

Annual Subscription, $4 OO 

ClXaiif xrrttllnfCairje tti sjer. 

Ko/. I 


Number 1. 

Printed and Published every Saturday by the Proprietor, Fred 
Marriott, 606-609-613 Merchant Street, San Francisco. En- 
tered at San Francisco Post-office as Second Class Matter. 

The office of the News Letter in New York City is at the " Evening 
Post " Building, 204-206 Broadway, Room 1, where information 
may be obtained regarding subscription and advertising rales. 

11 The Chief of the Fine Arts,' 1 whose cartoon illuminate* this issue, may 
Ite less willing than his friends to jind a suggestion of his handsome person- 
olity in the caricature of him which the News Letter's artist lias pro- 
duced. There likely will not be great difficulty, hou'evcr, in recognizing 
Jokn A. Stanton in the picture, which certainly docs not underrate the in- 
tellectual expression of his face. As Chief of the Fine Arts exhibit at the 
Mvlwintcr Fair Mr. Stanton gave conspicuous evidence of his ability as a 
critic and judge* He is a thorough Californian and one of the leading ex- 
ponents of the painter's art, and there is no lack of appreciation of his 

JOHN ROCKAFELLER is pouring oil upon the track to heaven 
with a magnamity that baa never been equaled. He has just 
given another check, this time for $115,000, to the Chicago Uni- 
versity, to aid the religions work. He may make it, bat it is not 
by the 8t. Paul route. 

THE young lady who baffled the outlaws who attempted to rob 
the express office and railroad station in Arkansas, has de- 
monstrated the superiority of her sex in cases of emergency. 
When ordered to open the safe, she replied: " I shan't do it. So 
there, now." That settled it. The robbers left. 

THE veteran editor, Joseph Medill, of the Chicago Tribune, is 
an aspirant for the United States Senate to succeed Senator 
Callaro, and the country editors are opposing him. The prestige 
of the Tribune must either have been lost of late or Medill has lost 
his senses, Tbe editor of such a paper is greater and more power- 
ful than any United States Senator, and tbe country editors are 
right. The lust for office destroys the brightest intellects, and 
defeat does not destroy the lust. 

THE Rothschilds are said to possess $"2,000, 000,000. It is writ- 
ten that "The earth is the Lord's and the fullness thereof," 
but if tbis family would present their check and demand specie 
payment at the counter of tbe Celestial city, tbe Lord wouldn't 
be in it. There wonld be a question as to the title, for it is evi- 
dent that the Rothschilds have attempted to jump the claim, 
and it is only a matter of time when they will find that their title 
is not good. 

THE action of Belgium, Italy, and Switzerland practically closes 
the European markets against beef and live stock from the 
United Slates. The stock is not condemned, but the action is a 
retaliatory one, partly because of the sugar schedule of tbe new 
tariff bill, and partly because of tbe repeal of the reciprocity clause 
of the McKinley tariff bill. The trade to England, and thence to 
other countries, has been large, and it is probable that a favora- 
ble understanding will be reached before long. 

WHEN the people of the San Joaquin Valley invade San Fran- 
cisco with their committee of fifty, let them be greeted with 
that hospitality which has always characterized the citizens of 
the metropolis. Our business men and capitalists have a bad 
reputation for energy and enterprise in looking after tbe inter- 
ests of their constituents in the country, as may he learned 
by tbe speeches and resolutions that are found in tbe columns of 
the rural presa, but their reputation has never suffered on tbe 
score of hospitality. They have been likened to tbe Roman tax 
gatherers, who did nothing but sit at their desks and receive 
tribute, making no effort to aid in developing the resources of 
the State. While tbe purpose of tbis visit may not be a whole- 
some one, it can be discussed and investigated with some d egree 
of dignity. The demand for a competing railroad has become 
so general in that region, and the discussion 
can no longer be ignored or allowed to be an irritating source 

THE enterprise of Dr. Lane is certainly commendable. He has 
added to bis medical college a free hospital, and is instructing 
his pupils in the science of surgery, of which branch of the pro- 
fession he is an expert. The new hospital has been completed 
and ready to receive patients. 

NEW MEXICO ia trying to play the role of Kansas four years 
ago. The Democrats and Republicans have split and are 
organizing into two separate bodies. The Governor is watching 
the proceedings with dignified composure, and says that he does 
not anticipate any trouble of a serious character. 

GEORGIA is demonstrating its fraternal spirit by sending trains 
of cars loaded with provisions for the suffering people of Ne- 
braska. They have exhibited an energy and patriotism in this 
matter which might well be emulated by every State in the Union. 
The people of Western Nebraska are suffering on account of 
a severe drought that destroyed their crops, and the Lord knows 
there is plenty and to spare in other sections of the republic. 

THE report of President Cleveland to the Senate, showing that 
the controversy between England and the United States over 
the attempt of the latter country to secure a passage for com- 
merce across Nicaragua resulted in England's withdrawal of her 
protectorate over the Mosquito territory, is an evidence of the 
calm persistency of the President in maintaining the rights of hia 
country whenever they are threatened. 

IT is a peculiar coincidence that the Lick Trust expirea concur- 
rently with the death of James G. Fair. Mr. Lick never spent 
$350,000 to secure the title of "Senator," but he provided in his 
will for the construction, in California, of the greatest astronom- 
ical observatory in the world, and the best housed Academy of 
Sciences in the country, and for various eleemosynary and edu- 
cational institutiona he left a splendid fortune. Hia weary bones 
rest as peacefully in the great iron pier on the summit of Mount 
Hamilton as does his memory in the hearts of men. 

WILLIAM H. MILLS would be a formidable candidate for the 
United Statea Senate if he would consent to enter the contest. 
But he will not consent, and this ia not the first time that he has 
refused. Whether or not his present affiliation with the Southern 
Pacific Company has created within him a feeliDg that the public 
might regard him as "a tool of the railroad" in the high office of 
Senator, and while bis brilliancy of mind and tongue would make 
him beyond queation a power in the deliberationa of the Senate, 
it is impossible to imagine him in any position where his value 
to the State would be greater than It is at present. Aa it ia, he 
retains his usefulness and preserves his pride. 

THE old codgeis who tarried too long before marrying, wasting 
their youth and "sweetness on the desert air," are getting too 
smart altogether in winding up their affairs. After accumulating 
modest fortunea and drifting into a state of imbecility, they indnce 
innocent and susceptible young girls to marry them with the 
money annex, and after worrying for a few years, make their 
wills, die, and feel revenged by having so arranged it that their 
widows, still young and ambitious, are doomed to either a life of 
poverty or single servitude. The latest of these freaks comes to 
us from Bonifacius Haas, of Haywards, who drew his last breath 
a few days ago. 

THE proposition advanced by an aggressive element of the in- 
terior to amend tbe Constitution so as to give counties the 
power to issue bonds for the construction of railroads and other 
improvements is worth considering. At the time the present 
Constitution was framed and adopted the anti-monopoly senti- 
ment was rampant, and that prohibitory provision was intended 
solely to prevent the issuing of bonds to aid the Southern Pacific 
Company. As that company has got beyond tbe point where it 
has to ask for subsidies, tbe bar can be removed and an oppor- 
tunity given to the counties to develop their resources and make 
jcessary improvements. There is no question but that many of 
them are lagging behind and need all the stimulus they can get 
lote enterprisea that private capital is unable and unwill- 
to supply. 


January o, 1895. 


A Mysterious There recently arrived in California an estimable 
Factor gentleman, Sir Charles Rivers Wilson, who came 

Is Determined, hitber on behalf of the "English holders of 
shares in the Central Pacific Railway Company," 
villi a mission to discover why the shareholders whom he represents 
have received no dividends of late. Sir Charles proved to be a 
kindly, genial old gentleman, fonder of wines, luncheons, and din- 
ners than most men of younger and different ambitions, and fonder 
of his comfort than the interests of his clients. Genial Sir Charles 
had a backing in San Francisco— the Examiner— and that magnifi- 
cent support may have made him feel able to prefer comfort to busi- 
ness; a backing that was the main support of the terrible railroad 
strike in Julv, which cost the business of California (and the London 
shareholders of Central Pacific shares) many millions of dollars, and 
that ended in riot, murder, and defiance of the United States author- 
ity. The Examiner was the organ of Sir Charles Rivers Wilson, and 
Sir Charles must accept the stigma which his bed-fellowship invites. 
This convivial English gentleman, to whom an abstainer from wine 
appears a monster, came hitber as the ostensibly accredited repre- 
sentative of certain English holders of Central Pacific shares. Who 
these holders are the most astute financier in San Francisco was un- 
able to discover. It is a matter of common knowledge hereabout 
that of the six hundred and eighty shares of Central Pacific stock 
outstanding, four hundred and fifty-seven are registered and were all 
voted at the recent election of directors, and that this leaves one 
hundred and twenty-three shares to be accounted for, they being un- 
registered and for that reason not entitled to vote. It is supposed 
that Sir Charles represents these unregistered shares, or at least 
some of them; and hence, assuming that he represents them all, he 
is the agent of about eighteen per cent, of the unregistered and un- 
secured shares of the Central Pacific. The holders of these shares 
might have shown more wisdom by registering their shares and vot- 
ing them than by employing a convivial old gentleman at an enor- 
mous salary to drink wine and eat luncheons and dinners in San 
Francisco ; but that is their own affair. Sir Charles has left his mark 
in California— a wide and red one; and it happens that he is not the 
first English gentleman to whom the novelties of San Francisco's 
fleshly allurements were more enticing than their obligations to dis- 
charge a financial trust. In the sense of the mission upon which he 
was sentSir Charles leaves more ignorant than he came, but be has 
the private satisfaction of knowing that he learned other things 
which appeared to bring him great personal pleasure. Under the 
inspiration of the Examiner, it is not likely that he will report a fall- 
ing off of dividends on all kinds of business as the result of hard 
times and the incendiary strikes and riots which newspapers like the 
Examiner foster. But Sir Charles is a delightful old gentleman, and 
he made some devoted friends in and about the French restaurants 
of San Francisco. 

Inviting a Senator Matthews, of Los Angeles, has prepared 
Nasty an amendment to the Constitution which he pro- 

Lobby Fight, poses to introduce into the Legislature the coming 
session, providing for the issuing of oonds to build 
a State railroad. This looks like a Populist idea of State paternity. 
While the bill does not mark out any line of procedure, it will provide 
an opportunity for violent railroad agitation in the lobby, which 
ceased almost entirely when the present Constitution was adopted. 
Senator Matthews is a Democrat, and has had the reputation of be- 
ing an able, honest, and conservative legislator, but this amendment 
will have the effect of injecting into the Legislature a question that 
it was hoped had been placed in a condition of ultimate extinction, 
and looks very much as though there were a '•cinch" in it. As a 
matter of course, it it expected that the Southern Pacific will fight 
the proposition, as all men are inclined to protect their business in- 
terests, and there can be nothing else expected than a renewal of diB- 
gusting lobby work of former days. It will provide an opportunity 
for the California statesman to become corrupted and be charged 
with bribery. It will be pushed with all the zeal that a mercenary 
spirit can bring to bear until the corporation calls a halt by drawing 
its purse strings, and should it pass the Legislature there will be 
another demagogic campaign when it goes to the people for approval 
at the ballot-box. 

The Problem It is with no degree of pleasure that citizens and 
of sojourners in San Francisco meet beggars on almost 

the Beggar, every corner of the streets, and more particularly 
on the thoroughfares that are most crowded. Men 
and boys, some of the latter of tender age, appeal for a small pit- 
tance to satisfy gnawing hunger or provide them with a bed in which 
10 sleep. It is a condition that appeals to humanity in the strongest 
terms, but has become so common, and generosity has been so badly 
abused by an undeserving class that many a worthy object has suf- 
fered in consequence. In the faces of many of these mendicants 
there are no traces of dissipation, and the evidences of honesty and 
misfortune are visible. Boys in whose faces can be seen the glow of 
temperate youth and in whose eyes there is a spark of ainbiuon, ap- 

proach us with pleading words of want, giving every assurance of 
being novices in the business, and their appeals have not always been 
in vain. Tbey are little wanderers who came from somewheres but 
have nowhere to go. Of the older class there are many who make 
the lot of the more reputable burdensome. Sin is written on their 
faces, and they are the most persistent and shameless. They are 
able-bodied and always in evidence as professional beggars, if not 
worse. There is a law against street alms-soliciting, but in these 
pinching times of peace and plenty, it would be an act of cruelty to 
enforce it. The Merchants' Association has provided for a part of 
the unemployed in street work, but even here there is inability to 
cover the field, and hundreds who are willing to work are left to 
wander and beg. The charitable people have eleemosynary institu- 
tions to provide for where public funds are not appropriated, and the 
work is a noble one. When these things prevail we all know that 
there is something wrong somewhere, and the wisdom of the nation 
has not been able to solve the problem. The generosity of the more 
favored is not lacking, but suspicion blunts that generosity, and the 
worthy surfer. Relief societies cannot always reach the most worthy , 
for in former and better days they have said within themselves: "I 
am too proud to beg and too honest to steal." 

The Passing Another of those picturesque millionaires which 
of a California has produced has died, leaving very few 

Millionaire, of his genus remaining. This remarkable man- 
known variously as Jim Fair, Slippery Jim, etc. — 
after enriching his progeny years ago, left an estate valued at forty 
millions of dollars. His will showed a generous regard for his off- 
spring and relations, but of greater interest is his devise of a hundred 
and twenty-five thousand dollars to three "benevolent institutions" 
— one hundred and twenty-five thousand dollars out of forty millions ! 
But that is not all. These three 'benevolent institutions" are 
orphan asylums— one Catholic, one Protestant, one Jewish. They 
are very rich institutions. Although they profess to care for orphans, 
they are particular to see that the orphans which they receive are 
backed by a respectable pedigree and a healthy bank account. The 
orphans themselves are fat and comfortable, showing the best pos- 
sible care. The greatest pains are taken lest they and the income 
which they represent are taken away from the institutions and fall 
into unworthy hands. Of course it is unpopular to criticise any self- 
styled benevolent movement, including that dismal farce, the 
Christmas Examiner: and dying millionaires of the Fair order are 
aware of that fact and are content that their post-mortem reputa- 
tion for a humane generosity should abide in the breasts of the vast 
majority to whom the songs of Sham are the sweetest. And of all 
shams the greatest is, De mortuis nil nisi bonum. Thus goes to his 
grave a man who was very sharp and immeasurably selfish, whose 
prosperity meant largely the deception and ruin of others, and 
whose acquaintance few women could afford to acknowledge. Of 
his old associates but one remains alive— John W. Mackay— who, 
having outlived the history of his association with Fair, has made 
for himself a place among the great and broad men of the age. It 
had come to the pass that Mr. Fair, apparently finding in the con- 
duct of all others a reflection of his own character, regarded all who 
approached him as schemers and robbers, with one idea only, and 
that to find his purse. He died, therefore, desolate and friendless, 
deploring the absence of that sweet boon, human sympathy, the best 
of which no money on earth can buy. It had never been a part of 
his life to respect the feelings of others. He leaves nothing for 
which he can be called blessed. 

Our Official Morals It is refreshing to know that the war on vice 
to be in the city of San Francisco is about to be- 

Investigated. gin in earnest, and that it has been placed in 
the hands of such veterans as General Mc- 
Couib, of the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children; 
Charles C. Terrill, Presidentof the Union for Practical Progress, and 
the Reverend Mr. McCish, who is to be the Parkhurstof the commit' 
tee. This suppression business has been periodical, but the new wave, 
which has swept westward from New York, struck Chicago and is 
now with us, is furnished with a vitality new to the regenerators. 
The name of General McComb, ex-editor, ex- Warden of the State 
Prison, and an ex-General of the National Guard, bodes no good to 
evil-doers. It wilt depend altogether upon the manner in which 
they proceed whether successful or not. Vice dresses in many garbs 
and is known by many names. There is an idea that it springs from 
the traffic in ardent spirits, which is as erroneous as to charge that it 
is disseminated by erroneous teachings from the pulpit. The Legis- 
lature is to be invoked, which is evidence that the liquor-dealers are 
the object of attack. In such case there will be a lively time at Sac- 
ramento, for they will be met by an opposition force that will create 
a friction such as was never before known in a like body. It would 
be well for this committee to investigate our city police force first of 
all. That it is both corruptible and corrupt there can be no question 
and those who control it are not in the dark. While the Police Com- 
missioners pose as a body composed of respectable gentlemen , they are 
ti her not what they profess or are derilect in duty. The unlawful 
transactions that are going on almost daily and the utter disregard 
of duty where the law imposes action have become disgraceful in th e 

January .'>, 189- r i. 


eyes of all Rood cltiseos. The attempts to correct them luvr Keen HI 
farcical that all hope* of reform bare subsided. Tbaae things can be 
corrected only by investigation and exposure to Ibe public. If tbia 
committee baa the bravery to take tbe police bull by the horns it will 
accomplish some Rood. To ro to the legislature for relief in oppo- 
sition to the liquor traffic will only furnish the boodle members with 
an opportunity to increase their asJeftM and end in a practical 

The Blythe Case Tbe llappiug of wings and tbe jubilant crows 
Means of tbe roosters of tbe daily press on Wednesday 

A Condition. last, over the decision against Alice Edith 
Blythe, fitted beautifully into ibe programme 
of the last eleven years. The only surprise the decision caused was 
that it came out too late for the present lustices to consider nn appli- 
cation for a rehearing and because the Justices-elect. Temple and 
Hensbaw, must now participate in that proceeding. Still, as it takes 
four Justices to grant a rehearing, two out of the three left, when De 
Haven and Fitzgerald retire, may Mock reconsideration of the present 
determination. Then the question will be tested whether a complaint 
in equity on the ground of conspiracy, and with numerous defend- 
ants, will secure tardy justice. Such a complaint has been promised 
and will be unquestionably filed. The Supreme Court has expressly 
held that the Blythe case is a probate matter, in which no purely 
equitable questions could be settled. If that ruling is not taken back, 
we will see before long whereto it leads. The decision of Wednesday 
was so opportune in some respects that irreverential persons might 
call it providential. James G. Fair was to be buried on Friday, and 
his two daughters were to arrive on Thursday. The deceased million- 
aire had endeavored by his will to protect his enormous estate against 
the combinations which have thus far proved so effective in the Blythe, 
McDonald, and Jessep cases. But his devisees and representatives, 
as the law has so far been declared in the Blythe case, and especially 
through the accidental coincidence of Wednesday, have been sub- 
stantially put on notice of tbe faet that, notwithstanding the strin" 
gency of the will, the business of establishing heirship may still be 
conducted at the old stand, and, to those engaged in that business, 
with so much added zeal as represents the difference between four 
millions and ten times that amount. The Hale & Norcross case, in 
which there was a very large judgment against some of our local 
plutocrats, was not decided on Wednesday, and, so far as we know, 
has not been decided at the time of going to press, although sub- 
mitted long before Mrs. Blythe's appeal. Numerous other cases, af- 
fecting widows, orphans, and ordinary citizens, are also suspended 
in nubibus. 

Agitation It is not necessary to employ a physician to diag- 
of nosticate human nature. It manages to make 

the Currency, itself apparent when occasion requires. Editors of 
newspapers that oppose the present Administra- 
tion are working themselves up to fever heat over the substitute for 
the Carlisle Currency bill in Congress, and charge that the bankers 
have the Administration body and soul, because the substitute does 
away with the responsibility of bankers in redeeming outstanding 
notes of banks that fail. In other words, the substitute does away 
with the assessment plan proposed by the Carlisle bill creating a re- 
demption fund. Granting that this is true," and as wrong as it is true, 
and that the bankers have carried their point in shifting this responsi- 
bility by saddling all such losses on the shoulders of the people who 
may hold the notes of banks that fail, is it not a little demagogic for 
political opponents of the Administration to make such false charge ? 
The Carlisle bill was the Administration measure, and it made ample 
provision for the redemption of outstanding notes of banks that 
might fail. Congress is not the Administration by any means, and 
if it has been captured by the bankers and opposes the Administra- 
tion, it was one of the most pointed and appropriate expressions 
ever uttered, asattributed to Mr. Cleveland, that he had "a Congress 
on his hands." They have never approached his advanced ideas of 
reform in any line, and because of this the party and the people have 
had to sutler. 

The Fight The Senatorial contest seems to engage the atten- 
for the tion of the newly-elected members of the Legislature 
Senatorship. and the partisan press. It is a parallel case to that 
of 1884, when a few active and prominent membera 
who had a personal grievance against the individual, conspired to 
defeat the man who had made and won the fight. There is a respecta- 
bility, if nothing more, about Senator Perkins which commands the 
admiration of the people, aside from the wealth behind him , and 
that characteristic, is probably the most conspicuous of all his virtues. 
He has several opponents, prominent among whom are M. H. de 
Young and Irving M. Scott. Of Mr. de Young nothing can be said 
that is not already known to the people. He is possessed of more 
energy and will power than any other man named, and to add to 
this, he is intensely Californian in his ambition. It has been said 
that he has a consuming ambition to get there, and that the head of 
the Southern Pacific Company is at his back. Such stories go for 
what they are worth. Mr. Scott is a brainy man, and has the ability 
to manage extensive business interests successfully. It is a fact that 
some of the finger-boards point toward Hon. M. M. Estee, lately de- 

feated for Governor. Asa standing candidate who has been so taith- 
ful to the principle of seeking of) ch political recog- 

nition as belongs to that order of pertlltenejr. "'' would have lor 
his colleague the man against whom he nin.ii- the oonteel tiff 
ago upon the great question that baa divided the two parte*, Tbli 

question will probably be settled bj caucus here in San l'nim i 
almost all important schemes are tixed up here several days preced- 
ing flu-organization of the legislature. 

A Bad Law There is one law on flic statute books of this Stale 
Should that should be repealed the tirst week, if not flu- 

Be Repealed, first day. of the next session of the Legislature. 1 1 
is known as the Hotel-keepers' Protective Law. 
and is a measure extending special privileges to a certain class. 
Aside from being a piece of special class legislation, it has proved to 
be the most pestiferous and expensive piece of legislation that was 
ever enacted. It is not the desire of any one to protect fraud or dis- 
honesty in any line, but that law has done more mischief in creating 
c ists for innocent taxpayers to pay than any half-dozen that were 
ever enacted without correcting an evil or bringing any return either 
to tbe State or society. It makes the act of the hotel "dead beat" a 
misdemeanor, punishable by imprisonment. It gives authority to 
the boarding or lodging-house keeper to call upon the officers to 
send for and arrest a person charged with such an offense to the 
most remote corner of the State, the cost of such service to be paid 
out of the public treasury, whether found guilty or not. Several at- 
tempts have been made by the Legislature to repeal this obnoxious 
law, but the power of the hotel keepers has been too great with tbe 
politicians. Aside from its being a venal law, creating a privileged 
class, the hotel or hash-house keeper who cannot take care of his 
business, and use a little discrimination in selecting his patrons, 
should either sell out or lose the price of his hash. 

Towns That The aggregate indebtedness of the several counties 
Need of California is less than six and a half millions of 

Improving, dollars. This is not large, considering the extent of 
territory and the improvements that have been 
made in many localities. A public indebtedness is an evidence of 
thrift and energy. Several of the counties are free from debt, but 
that is all they can boast of. They have no attractions for people 
who wish to locate. Their public buildings do not indicate a spirit of 
enterprise, and no man cares to cast his lot where progress is not 
apparent. The old fogy idea repels, and there are many county 
towns in this State, located in the midst of the most favorable sur- 
roundings, that are repulsive, simply because the people are domin- 
ated by those who cannot appreciate the wisdom of such enterprises 
as have placed Los Angeles, San Jose, Fresno, and Stockton in the 
front rank of interior cities. It is no wonder that immigration has 
not come to counties that have no public attractions. Old and 
tumbledown court houses, dilapidated school houses, and other such 
institutions always mark the presence of a parsimonious class who 
have not the enterprise and pride to dress up for visitors. It costs 
money, but it always pays a good interest on the investment. A 
county out of debt is a county where its people wonder why they are 
overlooked by the investor and the home-seeker. 

Cfiioe Holders " A conglomeration of contradictory inconsisten- 
Who cies " is what a leading country newspaper de- 

Want To Stay, nominates the present County Government law. 
The expression is provoked by the determination 
of a number of county officers who were defeated at the late election 
to refuse to vacate, assuming that the law passed four years ago, and 
in force when they were elected, provided for a term of four years. 
This was the tenor of the law, as applicable to some of the counties, 
and if applicable to one was applicable to all, as the Constitution 
prohibits special legislation where a general law can be enacted. That 
the present law is unconstitutional in some of its provisions is not 
doubted, and that the previous one was, has been decided. It is 
rather strange that a law cannot be passed governing all the counties 
alike in all save the matter of expense in running the government 
and In that one feature the local legislative body, known as the Board 
of Supervisors, could be empowered to regulate the salaries of all 
save the Superior Judges, in which the State has a half interest. 

Mr. Farwell's Ex-Senator Farwell, of Chicago, has submitted 
Plan a plan to settle the currency question, which is 

For a Currency, now being considered by the Committee on 
Banking and Currency. He suggests that the 
Government find the floating debt in two per cent, fifty-year bonds 
and retire from the currency business entirely. That the national 
banks be allowed to use these bonds as a basis of circulation, exempt- 
ing them from Federal taxation, excepting just enough to pay for 
printing the notes. Repeal the Sub-Treasury Act, and let the rev- 
enues of the nation be deposited in the national banks where col- 
lected. He says that Congress may worry over the question for the 
next six years, but will finally adopt this plan. Mr. Farwell may see 
it in that light, bnt there are others who may not. There are those 
who believe that the banks should be abolished and tbe Government 
issue all the currency, as it alone has the power to issue money and 
say what shall constitute a currency value. 


January 5, 1895. 

JE was the friend of my twentieth year, 
and had shared all my youthful aspira- 
tions. The windows of his room looked upon 
the gardens of an old family mansion. The 
apartment itself was half filled by a grand piano, which in this 
poor bachelor's quarter looked as much out of place as an elepant 
woman of the world would have looked in a garret room. Every 
chair held a pile of music with pages turned down, bookmarks 
protruding from the binding, and books with broken backs and 
ragged edges. ' 

At evening I would come in here to smoke before the hre, while 
he made the piano talk and sing. I have heard Kubenstein and 
Liszt play, and I will not compare them with this boy of twenty, 
who probably had more genius than technique; but certainly 
these teteh-tetes under the soft glow of the lamp and the dying 
fire, gave me more intense pleasure than those virtuosos. His 
music had the power to carry me to the land of dreams, and it 
played with my feelings as the whirlwind with autumn leaves. 

In those days of our friendship we planned a life together, full 
of :c9thetic love of music and poetry ; a life which no woman was 
to trouble by her selfishness. And while building such aircas'les 
we talked of everything beautiful, and when words ceased to be 
expressive his music would interpret our thoughts. 

Every year the summer, and later on the hunting season, sep- 
arated us. Once, at the end of AugUBt, I received from him a 
short, constrained note; he waB about to marry. Black eyes and 
the bright smile of a handsome brunette had attracted him as a 
ray of light does a moth; a witch had won bim away from me 
merely by looking at him. 

"Console yourself," said the letter; " 1 am not faithless to you; 
nothing will be changed in our relation. My home is yours; my 
Grand Pleyel shall talk to you every night as of yore, and you 
will have lost nothing even in changing your pianist, for my 
Sonia is a splendid musician." 

With hostile anxiety I awaited the woman who had stolen my 
friend. The sight of her in no wise reassured me; she was born 
In the Baltic provinces, and had the white skin of the North. But 
one of her noble ancestors must have married a Gypsy, and this 
mixture had poured into her veins the turbulent Bohemian blood. 
8eeing him so fair, so frail, so transparent next to her warm 
beauty, made me think of a pale wax taper being slowly con- 
sumed by a flame. 

To my caste his radiant Sonia laughed too loud and showed her 
pretty pointed teeth too much. She was certainly a fine musician. 
Hours of scales and exercises did not tire her. In fact she pre- 
ferred acrobatic music to sweet songs of tenderness, and the pleas- 
ure of showing her strength and energy in playing difficult pas- 
sages. Her black eyebrows contracted above her little aquiline 
nose, and then with diabolical vigor she poured out veritable 
showers of music, drawing from the instrument cries of joy like 
those of Wagner's Valkyrie. 

After a year of married life they left Paris, never to return. In 
the autumn she wrote me that her husband bad taken cold while 
bunting. He was coughing. A winter in the South would doubt- 
less benefit him. Six months passed without news; then came a 
black-bordered letter. He had died one evening at the seashore 
while watching the sunset. 

He bad begged that at his funeral Beethoven's " Moonlight 
Sonata" should be played. It had been our favorite composition. 
Hundreds of times, during the days of our youthful friendship, 
be had played it for me with that passion for the beauties of 
nature felt only by those who truly love her. 

To him the composition had been a facsimile of what the mas- 
ter, when writing it, had seen — the open sea free from ships, on 
one of those calm nights when the waves roll in cadenced meas- 
ures of voluptuousness and rhythm, when a serene hymn of 
praise rises from the restless waters. On this majestically monot- 
onous bass, his fingers, flying over the keys, would make the 
scintillations of the moon's rays shine. And then the room in 
which we sat would vanish; we were alone in darkness on a 
lonely shore. And far off where the darkness of the sea melted 
into the darkness of the sky, the glimmer of the moonlight floated 
on the undulating waves, like pale, unbound tresses. 

So, when standing beside the bier where be rested under the 
sable pall, I heard his farewell through the music. Near me, 
motionless, her face hidden in ber hands, knelt Sonia. Did she 
also hear the voice of the dead, peaceful as the tide which slowly 
flows in and again recedes into immensity? During the whole 
ceremony, till the last shovelful of earth, she remained thus, 
doubly veiled by the black crape and by ber hands. 

I departed without disturbing ber. On leaving the cemetery 
she fainted, and was borne to her carriage. 

I know that mourning for a husband lasts only two years, and 
that with widows the black gown is not always the emblem of 
sorrow. Yet when the other night, after four years, I met Sonia 
at a ball with bare arms and neck, ber eyes as bright as the jew- 
els in her hair, I felt pained. She came to me unembarrassed, 

evidently without hostility or thought of the contrast between 
the gloom of our last and the smiling gaiety of our present meet- 
ing. We talked commonplaces. She told me that she bad spent 
two winters at St. Petersburg, but that hereafter she intended 
residing in Paris. No allusion to the past, to him whom I had 
loved and who bad placed my hand in hers at our first meeting 

A handsome man, six feet tall and almost bald, stood a little 
behind her. Smilingly she presented him : 

"Count Verchagine — my intended." 

Then she took his arm, and they went to a little boudoir away 
from the rest. Tbey were still there when the host asked Sonia 
to play. 

" Really, I don't know anything by heart." 

" Every one begs to bear yon." 

"Well! Since you insist " 

She crossed the salon amid a murmur of admiration, and said 
calmly: " Whatever comes to my mind." 

I had approached the piano to observe her. At the first note I 
looked at her so obstinately that sbe felt the weight of my glance 
and raised her eyes to me with a smile. 

" Do yon know this? " 

" It is tbe ' Moonlight Sonata.'" 

"Yes; Beethoven's 'Moonlight Sonata,' " she repeated, like 
an echo. 

There was no tremor in her voice. Her execntion was, as 
usual, technically brilliant. She did not remember— she saw no 
reproach in my face. 

But ber companion, tbe handsome Slav, noticed it, and sharply 
looking at me, with a twitch of jealousy and a constrained smile, 
he said : 

II Yon are under the spell, sir. The Countess is truly a splendid 
musician 1 " 

Poor departed friend I 

— Translated from'the French of Hugues Leroux by Alice Ziska. 

JANE— An' where have you been, Mary? I've not set eyes on 
you for a week. 

Mary — Well, Monday night I was at Mrs. Mickey's party, and 
Tuesday at a hop, and Wednesday at a concert, and Thursday at 
Mrs. O'Gee's ball, and last night I was out callin'. An' where 
have you been yourself ? 

Jane — I've been busy with visitin' and callin'! Can't you come 
over and see me to-night ? 

Maev — Not to-night; but I can come to morrow. 

.Tane — Why ever not to-night ? 

Maiiy — It's the missus's night ont. — London Topical Times. 

THE promotion of W. A. Bissell from the position of General 
Freight and Passenger Agent of the Atlantic and Pacific Rail- 
road, with beadqnarters at San Francisco, to the office of Assist- 
ant Traffic Manager of tbe Atchison, Topeka and Santa F6 >ys- 
tem, was a proper recognition of his conspicuous abilities. Tbe 
only rpgred which the business men of California will feel is that 
his office will hereafter be at Chicago. 

GEORGE W. HANCOCK, one of the directors of the State Agri- 
cultural Society, died at bis residence in Sacramento last 
Monday. He was thrown from a buggy last summer, and, hi 4 
mind being affected, craniotomy was resorted to. This brought 
some relief, but the injury had been too severe, and he died. He 
had been reappointed a director of the Agricultural Society many 
times and was extensively known throughout the State. 

IT is surpassingly amusing to read that Judge Lowe has fined a 
seller of counterfeit lottery tickets three hundred dollars on 
conviction of bis crime. To punish such a rascal is openly to 
recognize, protect, and encourage the business of selling genuine 
lottery tickets, which the law makes as grave an offense as tbe 

THE height of the winter season finds lovers of flowers seeking 
for the latest and beyt in the way of cut flowers, floral de- 
signs, and decorative foliage plants. Leopold, at 35 Post street, 
has established bo firm a reputation among connoisseurs that his 
bouse is regarded as the headquarters for fine flowers and plants. 

Two or three months ago there was a directory war, which only 
lasted a few days and then hostilities ceased, and the parties to the 
conflict went to negotiating. A settlement has been made between 
all parties interested, and it has been arranged that there shall be 
only one city directory in the field, Langlev's San Francisco Direc- 
tory, and that it snail be published by the J. B. Painter Co. Work 
on it will start on next Monday, and will be pushed as fast as possi- 
ble to make up for lost time. 

It is delightful for ladies who are shopping, or who want a delicious 
and wholesome change from home cooking, to have such an estab- 
lishment as the Original Swain's Bakery, 213 Sutter street, to drop 
into for a luncheon prepared by the most expert cooks. The service 
at the famous family restaurant is perfect — no waiters could be more 
attentive, no restaurant cleaner. 

Journals, ledgers, cash books, and diaries for 1895. Sanborn, 
Vail & Co., 741 Market street. 

januarr ■">, 1895. 



IT was Id 1889, Id the "Stuon, " when I chanced upon lerry 
Lynch online out of Liocoln r) Kronen's, in London. He had 
just been buying some soft, wide* brim rued tight hats for an 
Egyptian trip, he explained, and expected to leave for Alex- 
andria In two days. 

■■Wbatl" I exclaimed. --Shall you Dot atop Id Paris to see the 

■•Ho, my dear boy," be replied gravely; "yon see, I've put 
•Dough money aside for thi« Egyptian trip, and it's very expen- 
sive. Dot only in London, but in Paris as well. I rind that the 
Kile trip is going to cost me more than I calculated, so that I 
shall he compelled to economize rigidly, avoid theatres, dabs, 
Monte Carlo, and all dissipations. I had apportioned so much 
to be spent in London for a six days' stay, and already 1 have 
spent double the amount : hence I shall have to let Paris wait 
till 1 return. Ah me! what it is to be a poor man! But never 
mind ! Cheer up. and come along with me to the Victoria Hotel ; 
I'll give you a suprise. Come! we'll walk down Piccadilly." 

'■Thanks, dear boy," I replied languidly, "I'll go with you for 
half an hour, but we must go in my hansom — it's waiting for me 
just outside Beals & Inman's." 

We hastened to Bond street and presently were bowling along 
toward the "Circus," and thence to the Victoria Hotel, where, in 
the smoking room, we sat down for a couple of brown brandies. 
"Order another for me," said some one, coming up behind me. 
I turned quickly, and there was Harry Dam, erstwhile of 8an 
Francisco, aod an old newspaper friend. I had not seen him for 
several years, and I was astonished to see the great, thick, sleek 
slabs of fat which be bad taken on since 1886. 

"You're here promptly, Jerry," said Harry, removing his 
heavily stitched gloves and adjusting the gardenia in his coat; 
"I fancy we shall have a most delightful afternoon. Lady 
Hardy's teas are always perfect, and you meet everyone there. 
Sorry I didn't get a card for you, Pete, but, you see, I didn't 
know you were in town." 

"Thanks, awfully," I replied, "but I arrived only yesterday, 
and my engagements are so many that I don't Bee how I can 
keep them all. Besides, this afternoon I have to go across the 

'•Slumming in the Burrough?" he exclaimed with a pitying 

"No, I did that years ago; to-day I'm paying a call at Lam- 

"Worse and worse!" cried Dam. "Why, man, it's one of the 
worst slams on the Surrey side!" 

"I was speaking of the Palace," I answered frigidly. "Waiter, 
bring 08 some more brandy, and this time add a dash of white 
curacoa to mine." 

"Why, that's where the Archbishop of Canterbury lives," 
gasped Mr. Dam. 

"Yes," 1 answered with a modest sigh; "dear old Dr. Benson! 
There's a garden party there this afternoon." 

"So that's why you're rigged in such style to-day. Say, I'd 
like to meet Benson first-rate; he'd be very useful to a literary 
man. I wonder if you couldn't send over there and get a couple 
of cards for Jerry and me? You see, we could give np this other 
affair as easy as not. Let me see what time it is. Only three — - 
and four o'clock is ample time to arrive." 

"Not to-day, dear boy," I responded; "it would not be 

Dam looked awfully disappointed, and departed presently with 
Lynch. The latter turned to me as he went, and said that I 
mast be sure and dine with him at seven o'clock that evening, as 
he bad important business concerning which he desired my ad- 
vice. Although I had other engagements, I agreed to break 
them and accept his. 

It is needlesB to say that I did not go to Lambeth Palace. I 
have never been presented even to the Archbishop's cook. In- 
stead, I went to a very cosy club and played ecarle all the after- 
noon with a charming yoang fellow whom I never fail to look 
up when I am on the other side. 

Evening came, and promptly at seven o'clock I was at the 
Victoria Hotel en grande tenue for the evening. Jerry was wait- 
ing in the smoking-room with Dam and two other men. He rose 
to greet me. 
"Did you have a good time?" f asked. 

"Oh, most delightful 1" he lisped; "Lady Dnffus-Hardy is one 
of the most lovely women intellectually I ever met 1" 

"Ha-ha!" I smiled to myself. " So Dam lugged you into that 
old Joe Hatton gang, did he?" 
"Yes," continued Jerry, effusively; "Lady Wilde was there, 

and Mrs. Frank Leslie, and Mrs. Jennie June Croly, and " 

"And," I continued for him, "Joe Hatton, and Lacy Hooper, 
and Major de Whiskers Hooper, and Miss Soprano Hooper, and 
Olive Harper, and Madame Blavatsky, and Colonel Olcott !" 

"Yes, yes!" cried Jerry; "the choicest literary society in Lon- 

"Oh, of course," said I; "but let's be off to dinner; I've a lot 
of engagements later on. Just say good-night to Dam, and 

•I'ear boy," said Jerry mournfully, "I've got to take Dam 
along. He said he wished to be with me every minute of my 
stay — and he has been, so far!" 

"All right, then: but, Jerry, where are your good economical 

"Oh, never mind? It's only this once— I'll economize in 


At this moment Dam walked forward with a genial smile. 
"Jerry," be exclaimed, gleefully, leading forward the other two 
men, "I have just persuaded our two brilliant friends here to 
dine with us. It was very, very hard; but I finally won the 
day, and they have fallen I" 

I wish you could have seen Jerry's face fail just then I 

" Well," he said, gasping for breath, " let's go right into dinner, 
then. They give us a very good meat here." 

" Jerry 1 Jerry! " exclaimed Dam, reproachfully; " what I & table 
a" hole dinner for such a distinguished company? Never 1 Let 
us baste to the Royal Cafe\ It's only a few steps. I'll take the 
Major, here, and drive abead in Pete's hansom to order the din- 
ner, and you chaps walk along after us. Come on, now ; be 
quick ! " and off he dashed with the stout, red-nosed little man 
known as the Major. 

To witness the " flabbergasted " expression which came over 
Jerry's face and mine must have been amusing. But there was 
no time for amusement, for the other man, who was seedy and 
cadaverous, seized us both by the arms, and hastened us toward 
the entrance. 

" Dam will be fashed if we're late," he said with a Scotch 
whisky brogue, that corresponded with his gait and breath. 

It was but a short walk to the Royal, and, sore enough, we 
found my cabman at the door with explicit directions as to where 
we could find Dam. We found him. He had already found 
what we wanted to eat. It involved a puree of Dublin prawns, 
with all sons of fish, game, hot-house peaches, Riviera grapes, 
and all other absurdly extravagant dishes. But the wines! I 
trembled for Jerry as they came on; Liebffraumilch, then old 
Volney of the rarest vintage! and after that, Georges Goulet, brut 
imperial at thirty shillings the bottle, and five bottles 1 Oh, my > 
Ob, myl 

I had not been introduced to the two strangers, but they saved 
me the trouble. The short, stout man with the red nose handed 
me his card as he was guzzling his soup. It read something like 

" Mr. De Vere Reginald Spinks (late Major in the Wiltshire 

That was all; there was no club or other address upon it. 

" I'm promotin' Hamerican mines," he said, emptying a glass 
of sherry into his soup. 

I fumbled about in my card-case and discovered two cards 
which the drummer for a Chicago soap factory had given me in 
New York. I handed one to him and the other to his Scotch 
friend, who in return aroused himself sufficiently to find for me 
a greasy old ticket with the inscription : 

" Lacblan McLachlan (Dramatic correspondent Dundee Chroni- 
cle, N. B )." 

Both of these freaks ate as if tbey hadn't had a morsel of food 
for years. They scarcely uttered a word; tbey only fed. How- 
ever, occasionally, when Lachlan McLachlan stopped to lick his 
angular chops and wipe his nose on the napkin, he would re- 
mark, with a doleful shake of the head : 

" Meester Dam, I must tell ye, mon, that ye give most extra- 
ordeenairy farin! But mon, mon, dinna ye know, I'm thinkin' 
ye're a waister! " 

Lynch and I talked over our business matters, as the beautiful 
array of food and wine kept bustling in, and as Dam strove to 
keep up with his freaks in eating. 

Finally the denouement arrived in the shape of the bill, which 
was presented to Dam. His two friends meantime were snoring 
over half-crown cigaro. 

"Jerry," he said, "old boy, they certainly have treated you re- 
markably well. I told them to. They're old friends of mine, you 
know, here, and so they made a cut on the wines for your special 

Jerry's hand trembled as he took the bill which Dam shoved 
toward him. 

I don't blame Jerry either when he exclaimed, "The Devil!" 
as he looked at the amount at the bottom. As I looked at it I 
was not exactly surprised. It amounted to eighteen pounds four 
shillings and sixpence. 

With the utmost grace and suavity Jerry recovered himself and 
handed the waiter two ten-pound notes, telling him to keep the 
change. Then we all left, Dam taking his two helpless friends 
somewhere in the hansom, which, by the way, I never saw till 
next morning. 

" Harry," said Jerry, as we walked to his hotel, "come up- 
stairs and help me pack. I'm going to leave for Egypt to morrow 
morning, first train. Yon see, I've to begin economizing! " 

And we packed ! 

San Francisco, January, 1895. Hakry Bigeloiv. 

Journals, ledgers, cash books, and diaries for 1895. Sanborn, 
Vail & Co. , 741 Market street. 


January 5, 1895 


We Obey no Wand but Pleasure's."— Tom Moore. 

William Hamilton. 

AT the Baldwin Theatre, Monday night, the Tavary Grand 
Opera Company will inaugurate a brief engagement in reper- 
tory of the more popular works of celebrated composers. As this 
is the only grand English opera com- 
pany on the road this season, more 
than ordinary interest is being taken 
in this company's appearance. It is 
composed of many prominent singers 
and is under the direction of Mr. 
Charles H. Pratt, who in the past has 
roananged the tours of Clara Louise 
Kellogg, Marie Roze, Anna Louise 
Cary, and the late Emma Abbott. 
Wherever beard Mine. Tavary has 
been accorded the most cordial recep- 
tions and has created a most pleasing 
impression. The organization, reper- 
tory, and general ensemble have been 
brought together with a view to ex- 
Nina Bertini Humphreys, eel any previous attempt. Marie 

Basta Tavary has received the greatest distinction in both the 

new and the old world. Born at Cologne of Russian parents, 

and having disclosed when but a child no slight inclination for 

music, she was first given instructions 

on the piano and afterward placed 

under the guidance of Liszt, at Wei- 
mar. It was during her progress at 

the piano that tne discovery of her 

wonderful voice was made, and Bhe 

was afterwards sent to Mme. Mar- 

chesi, in Paris. From there she passed 

into the hands of the elder Lamperti, 

in Milan, and while this worthy 

taught her the art of song, Roger, the 

renowned French actor, saw to the 

histrionic development of her talent. 

Her voice is a soprano of high range, 

pure, rich, resonant, and of rare lyric 

possessions, and her skill in execution 

is almost without limit. The artists 

in support of Madame Tavary are notable for their brilliancy. 

The bill for the first week is: Monday, January 7th, Rigoletto; 

Tuesday, Trovatore; Wednesday matinee, Bohemian Girl; Wednes- 
day evening, Cavalleria Rusticana and 
Pagliacci; Thursday, Carmen; Friday, 
Faust; Saturday matinee, Martha; Sat- 
urday evening, Tannhauser. 

n *r » 

This week closes the engagement at 
the Baldwin of Aladdin, Jr., which has 
been discussed at length in these 
1 columns. It is a very brilliant spec- 
tacle, thoroughly nonsensical and 
beautiful, with a clearer eye to scenic 
effects than to strength in the cast. 
Mr. Burke, the leading comedian, has 
proved a novelty to San Francisco, 
where broader and more rollicking 
men have been most in evidence. At 
first his stiffness and a clownish sort 
of hauteur rather offended the fun lovers, but the queer and in- 
congruous streak of dignity in his work has made a place for 
him here after all, and, being something out of the common, he 
is worth remembering on that account alone. Miss Deaves, too, 
has taken a niche in local memory. By making her role as dis- 
agreeable as possible she has established an individuality. Above 
all the players, however, stand the fine scenery, and, better still, 
the perfect drill of the chorus and ballet. Mr. Henderson will be 
kindly remembered when he comes with a spectacle again. 

* * * 

The Tivoli has been giving Lallah Rookh all the week to im- 
mense audiences. It has proved the most popular spectacle that 
the Tivoli ever brought to San Francisco, and it eminently de- 
serves its popularity. It will run next week. 

* # » 

Irrepressible Sadie Martinot has been playing to a fair business 
at the California during the week. She has carried the idea of 
the ingenue to its logical conclusion and has shown how much 
can be put into it by painstaking and exquisite tact. In a sense 
she is even finer {being daintier) than poor little Aimde, and is 
the only woman — Lillian Russell not excepted (and that is say- 
ing a great deal) — who is worthy to wear the mantel of that in- 
comparable Frenchwoman. Miss Martinot is, perhaps, too fine; 
and this is a reflection upon the public and not npon her. She 

Sophia Romani. 

has carried to the last limit of artistic development all those graces 
which make an apparently empty-headed flirt the queen of the 
strongest men's hearts; and hence in these days, when women 
are learning to be hard and to make a show of masculine wis- 
dom, she is somewhat out of place — she belongs to the chivalry 
of the Sixteenth Century. If she should have a play written back 
to those times, realizing that if she could accomplish so much In 
so silly and modern a thing as The Passport she would be match- 
less in a strong play of the chivalry days, she would make a 
greater name for herself in the drama. 
* * » 
The Fair Equestrienne, a sprightly English comedy, and The 
Devil Bird, a one-act operetta, are the vehicles which will be used 
to display the wonderful talent of Miss Lot- 
tie Collins, and are the leading features of 
the entertainment provided by the organiza- 
tion known as " Lottie Collins's Trouba- 
dours," who come to the California Theatre 
for a two weeks' engagement, commencing 
with Monday, January 7th. Miss Collins is 
meeting with & success in her new venture 
which is second only to the triumphs which 
she placed to her credit as the creator of 
•■ Ta-ra-ra-bootu-de-ay." The company will 
also introduce vaudeville specialties of a 
high order, contributed by such clever en- 
tertainers as Wood and Shepard, the Bro- 
thers Meera, Marion, Hayes & Marion, 
Ward and Curran, Anna Wilmuth, and 
others. The regular patrons of the Cali- 
fornio will have much other company dur- 
ing this engagement. 

Miss Lottie Collins. 

Professor Herrmann will, when be comes to the California 
Theatre after Lottie Collins, add a new and original illusion to his 
programme. It is entitled " Ya-Ko-Yo," and is apparently a 
simple explanation of how so many Chinese manage to enter this 
country despite the stringent legislation against them. The stage 
is set to represent on one side a street in a Chinese city, and on 
the other side a section of San Francisco. In front of each a 
square box will be suspended six feet above the stage by a single 
rope. A man gets into the box on the China side and the door is 
closed. The rope which holds it is then seen to relax, while the 
one by which the other is suspended begins to tighten. Presto! 
the doors are opened and the man walks out of the San Francisco 

During the coming week the Orpheum will have some new 
people, including Bunth, Rudd, and Flakey, "continental eccen- 
tricities;" Joseph Loiset, the extraordinary genius with bis Dock 
of trained storks; Clair* de Lunes, a charmingly eccentric im- 
portation from Paris; Bogert and O'Brien, whose names indicate 
their nationality and probably their special talent; and some 
others. We are pleased to announce, however, that Mrs. Yea- 
mans-Titus, that remarkable woman who imitates all kinde of 
people who sing, will remain a week longer. It seems a pity 
that this gifted woman has not made the opera her home. 

» * * 
Nellie McHenry, in her new play, A Night at the Circus, intro- 
duces some new and novel features in the way of specialties, that 

are creating quite a furore throughout the country. Hoyt's 

A Temperance Town is founded upon a true criminal case in Ver- 
mont. It was suggested to Mr. Hoyt by the Hon. Hiram Atkins 
of the Montpelier Argus and Patriot.—— Ward and Curran, the 
singing comedians with Lottie Collins' Troubadours, were long 
and favorably known as members of the celebrated "Clipper 
Quartette." During their engagement at the California Theatre 
they will eiDg "The Song of Li Hung Chang," recently published 
in the New York Sunday Herald. The music is by Lillian Mabon 

Siegfried and words by Kate Masterson. Lottie Collins has a 

new gown which she will wear for the first time at the California 
Theatre on Monday evening, and is said to be a veritable dress. 


On Wednesday evening the eighteenth of the symphony con- 
certs took place. When we may look for the nineteenth is a 
matter of conjecture, for after the one hundredth popular concert 
on Thursday night, Scbeel closed the doors of the auditorium to 
the public. Elaborate alterations are to be made on the stage; 
when these are completed we are to have a series of historic and 
dramatic ballets such as have never been attempted in San Fran- 
cisco before. After this winter it is doubtful if we continue in 
having Mr. Scheel as a fellow-citizen. The Boston symphony 
people, hearing of the heroic work be has been doing for us, have 
made him a tempting offer to direct their concerts during the 
next summer's season. This offer has been accepted, and we 
may prepare for the sorrow we shall lavish extravagantly at the 
departure of a man who did more for San Francisco's musical 
culture in a few months than had ever been accomplished in all 

January ">, 1 $95 . 


tbe years previous to hi, coming . and who. lor the iriSIng rea- 
son tbat we would Dot support bis concerts by attending them, 
ts going to abandon us for a city where be may expect some sub- 
stantial tribute to bis art. Thanks to the generous aid of John 
1'arrott, tbe new venture at tbe Auditorium will be carried on 
wilbonl fear of interruption from Sheriff Wbelau. Mr. 1'arrott 
baa long been known as a patron of tbe melodious art and a 
composer of no mean merit. His timely offer of assistance to 
Mr. Scheel should Insure bim tbe everlasting gratitude of all 
music-lovers of San Francisco. Joachim Raft's great symphony, 
■In tbe Forest," which was produced at Wednesday night's coo- 
cert, is deserving of special mention. When one considers tbe 
intricacies and length of this composition (the rendition takes 
abont fifty minutes), and tbe enforced shortening of tbe time for 
preparation, Its successful production, without a bitch or break, 
demonstrates to what point of excellence Scheel has brought bis 

The Park Band, which plays no small part in educating to 
good music many people who otherwise would never bear it, 
may congratulate Itself on the appointment of Mr. Scheel as di- 
rector. Many improvements may be looked for in instruments, 
repertoire and style. 


A FEW stood round his dying bed 
And gazed upon his bier, 
But no one sighed, and no one shed 
For bim a bitter tear. 

Tbey watched the last sad agony; 

They beard the choking breath, 
The signal of Mortality's 

Last fight with Master Death. 

And, as the final quiver came, 
One watcher spake aloud: 
•> Tbe man of millions dies, but leaves 
No pocket in his abroad 1 " 

Bring on your pomp and ceremony, 

A million candles light, 
Let all tbe gloom of midnight church 

Be turned into light; 

Let organs peal, and singers sing 

The chants by faitb allowed, 
But one phrase over all doth ring — 

" No pocket in the shroud." 

Let papers talk of real estate, 

And rents that fall like dew; 
Alas, poor corpse, your relegate 

Is only six by twol 

Alas, poor clay ! What heritage 

Have you to your Kind left? 
A selfish life, a sordid life; 

Of every grace bereft! 

A knave and coward both is he 

Who shirks to speak the truth, 
To say tbe rank heredity 

Of wrong can be but ruth. 

And yet, good men have passed away, 

Who only left behind 
Their thoughts in book, grand legacy 

Of dead men to their kindl 

To us their memory is green; 

To us their names are dear, 
And we shall bless and honor them 

When, in a single year, 

. Adown Oblivion's trodden way, 

The plodders' feet have passed, 
Wealth's victories live one lonely day, 
Mind's triumphs ever last. 

Dan O'Comhell. 

The Grand CaBon Line !— To the East ! 

Commencing Nov. 4th the " Santa Fe Eoute " Popular Overland 
Excursions to Chicago and Eastern Cities will leave every Wednesday. 
Manager in Charge. Through Palace and Upholstered Tourist Sleep- 
ers are run to Chicago every day. This is the only Line by which the 
Grand Canon of the Colorado River can be reached. Send for illus- 
trated book giving full particulars. W. A. Bissell, G. P. A., 650 
Market street, Chro nicle Building, San Francisc o, Cal. 

There are plenty of stylish men in San Francisco, but they are 
the men who buy their furnishing goods at John W. Carmany's, 25 
Kearny street, where only the latest styles are sold. 

The moit skillful combination of alternatives known to pharmacy is 
Ayer's Sarsaparilla. 






Wherever he 
i'i- may be. 

iWe are satisfied 
if you try it. 
you will be 
satisfied if you ^ 

AZu. trial package sent postpaid forZooti 


U_- . , 


Al HaymanA Co. (Incorporated) Proprietors. 

Sunday night, Jan. 6th— Last perf jrmance of "ALADDIN JR." 

Monday, January 7th— Two weeks only. Alatlnees Wednesday and Satur- 
day, the famous MARIE 

tavary <;kani>-EX(ji.ish OPERA COMPANY (100 artists). 

Repertoire.— First week— Monday, January 7tb, RIGOLETTO; Tuesday, 
TROVATORE; Wednesday matinee— BOHEMIAN GIRL; Wednesday even- 
Friday, FAUST; Saturday matinee, MARTHA; Satuday evening, TANN- 
HAUSER. Second week— Monday. January 14th. WILLIAM TELL; Tues- 
day. TRAVIATA; Wednesday matinee. CARMEN; Wednesday evening, 
MARTHA; Saturday maliuee, TROVATORE; Saturday evening, LOHEN- 
GRIN. PRICES— Evenings and Saturday matinees-$l 50, «1, 50c. Wednes- 
day matinees, $1, 75c, and 50c. 


Al Ha yuan & Co. (Incorporat ed) Proprietors 

8. H. Friedlander Manager 

Weeks January 7th and 14th. 


in comic opera and high class vaudeville. Tbe highest salaried artists 
of Europe and America. Two oistiDct en enainments. Miss Collins appears 
i n both. Supported by Mr. Fred Solomon 


Mrs. Ernestine Kreling Proprietor and Manager 

Tonight. The production of the season. Second week. Glorious sue 
cess. The great holiday spectacle, 


Book by John P. Wilson. Music by Joseph Hirschbac-h. 
wondrous transformation, "Alcoves of the Peri's Garden.' 
specia:ties. A world of beau:eous scenery. 


OscurL. Fest' 
Mirth, music 


O'Farrell St., between Stockton and Powell Sts. 
San Francisco's Great Music Hall. 
Week commencing Monday, Jan. 7th— Another long list of new people 
BUNTH, RUDD & FLAKE Y, Continental Eccentrics; JOSEF LOI3ET, 
with his flock of trained t-torks; CLAIftK 1<E LUNES. tbe famous Parisian 
excentrique; BOGERT & O'BRIEN, musical comedy duo; T. J. GODFREY, 
aerial balancer and acrobat; THE ROSS LEYS, BRA.AT2 SETTERS, RAMZA 
MATINEE PRICES— Parquet, any part, 25c.; balcony, any part, 10c; 
children, 10c, any seat. EVENING PRICES— Reserved seats, 25c. ; balcony 
10c, ; opera chairs and box seats, 50c . Saturday and Sunday matinees. 

actress, coaches ladies and 
the dramatic profession; ap- 
ACADEMY, 1017 EIUb St., 


pearances arranged. SHAKESPEAREAN 

Eearances arranged, 
sn Francisco, Cal. 

OJJO JfOtyn/WS 1^, 

Established 1879. 

411 Bush street. Opposite 
the New California Hotel. 
Best Equipped 
OYSTr-T} aijd OI^I? p/l^CORS. 

Large dining-room for ladies. Sole depot for JOS. SCHLITZ MILWAU- 
KEE BEER. Imported European Beer from Buergerliches Brauhaus, 
Pilsen, Bohemia; Actien Beer from Rizzi Culmbach, Bavaria. 


January 5. 1395. 



A gentleman from Boston, one Francis Parker by name, ariived 
here recently to attend to some interests of an Eastern syndicate 
with which he was closely associated. On the overland train Mr. 
Parker made the accidental acquaintance of a Californian, a mem- 
ber of the Bohemian Club. Anxious to accord the courtesy of 
the coast to a newcomer the member sent a card of temporary 
membership of the club to the visitor's hotel. On the night fol- 
lowing bis arrival he dined there, and this is the way he tells the 
story : 

" 1 selected a table and scanned the menu, and when I heard 
all the fellows laughing around me I felt a most disagreeable 
sense of loneliness. I had just poured out my first glass of claret, 
when a stout, jolly-looking old gentleman, napkin in hand, ap- 
proached me from a round table where the hilarity seemed to be 
at its height. 

"I beg your pardon," said he, "but as you evidently are a 
stranger here and your introducer is possibly absent, would you 
mind coming and joining our party? My name is Bromley, 
George Bromley, and as one of tbe patriarchs of the club, I take 
more liberties than any of the others." 

"I need not tell you," said Mr. Parker, "that when I men- 
tioned my sponsor's name the warmth of my reception was 
doubled and that I spent a most agreeable night." 

" I do not wish," said his friend, >< to draw an invidious com- 
parison between the methods of JNew York and Ban Francisco 
clubs; but let me give you a short chapter of my experience. I 
found myself one night in New York utterly without an avail- 
able acquaintance to ask to my table or to dine at his. I bad 
cards of introduction to a number of the clubs and chose the 
Lotus. I sat in tbe dining room, ordered my dinner, and sipped 
my claret with a longing for companionship engendered by tbe 
merry cbat and laughter of the groups at the surrounding tables. 
But not a soul approached to speak a kindly word to tbe lonely 
stranger. I ate, and drank, and read my evening paper in soli- 
tary suffering. I did not know bow any advance on my part 
would be received, and 1 waited in vain for one from the major- 
ity. There's a strange difference between the manners of Eastern 
and Californian clubs," said Mr. Parker. 

•• But I don't think tbe East has got the belter of it," rejoined 
the Californian, grimly. 

* * * 

In addition to the large fortune which Uncle Jim Fair left be- 
hind is about as large a stock of anecdote as of any man on the 
coast— not told by him but of bim. When Colonel Fair went to 
Europe he hired an expert connoisseur to select for bim some 
copies of tbe old masters. He also brought out a very handsome 
Clarence. Mrs. Fair used to show this to tbe neighbors with the 

"It's a beautiful carriage, fresh from Paris, my dears, but 
James is getting so close of late tbe Lord knows when we'll ever 
get the horses." 

Uncle Jim mie, though apparently a smooth and cordial man 
on the surface, concealed beneath this urbane exterior a most 
vindictive disposition. He never forgave bis partner, John 
Mackay, for knocking him down in the director's room of the 
Nevada Bank. The conversation of the two millionaires tended 
towards Fair's domestic troubles. Colonel Jim made a remark 
disparaging to his wife in connection with Mackay's name. Mr. 
Mackay Bprang on bim like a tiger, and one blow straight from 
the shoulder laid tbe Colonel low. James Angus, Davitson, and 
Moore came rushing in and saved Fair from further punishment. 

» » • 

It happened that tbe ex-Senator was present at a social "func- 
tion " to which Mrs. Fair was also invited. This was after the 
separation, and the old miner gazed curiously at the partner of his 
early struggles as she entered tbe room. Describing tbe incident 
to one of his cronies, be said: 

" Why, man, I never saw the old lady look finer in her life. 
She was as fat as a pouter pigeon, and she walked into the room 
chin after chin." 

• • * 

When Colonel Finnigan, then the keeper of a livery stable, was 
operating in stocks he met Jim Fair one morning at tbe old Par- 
ker House, on Montgomery street. At that time Ophir was the 
boom stock and was jumping up very rapidly. Fair knew that 
Finnigan held a large block of it, and, taking bim aside, assured 
him that the stock was sure to appreciate for at least a week, and 
that he would give him a bint when the top notch was reached. 
Colonel Finnigan was profuie in bis thanks, and promptly set up 
a bottle of wine. Tbe friends parted on tbe corner of California 

and Montgomery streets, and Colonel Finnigan hastened to the 
office of E. C. Cahill & Co., who were then his brokers. 

" Ned,'' said the Colonel, " how did Ophir close in the morning 
board? " 

ii Very strong," said Cahill. " Do you want to take in any 

•• No," said the astute Colonel, with a sly wink at his broker, 
" I got a point from Jim Fair a few minutes ago that tbe stock 
was going steadily up. Sell all I've got as quickly as you can 
without weakening the market. I guess I know when a copper 
is better than a straight bet." 

Tbe Colonel's head was evidently level, for Ophir took a down- 
ward tendency that afternoon, broke badly the next day, and 
Colonel Finnigan saved nearly a hundred thousand dollars by his 
knowledge of Mr. Fair's character. 

# # » 

It was about this time that Joseph T. Goodman, who had made 
quite a comfortable fortune in stock operations, was a beavy 
holder of Ophir. Mr. Goodman was fond of fishing, and probably 
paid more for a day's sport than any man in tbe world. It was 
a fine day, and a friend suggested that he and Mr. Goodman go 
to the Oakland wharf for a day's smelt fishing. Goodman hesi- 
tated for a moment, remarking: 

'* I've got some Ophir I ought to look after, but it's pretty 
strong to-day, and I guess it's all right." 

He took the precaution, however, of telling his broker to let 
the stock go if it showed any sign of weakness. But this, unfor- 
tunately, was not in writing, and in the confusion of a busy and 
breaking market the broker held on to the stock. When Goodman 
returned from the Oakland wharf with a few pounds of smelt be 
was a poorer man by a hundred thousand dollars than when he 
started out in the morning. Furthermore, hoping that tbe stock 
would rally, he held on to it until it struck bed-rock. The sum 
total of Mr. Goodman's price for three and a half pounds of smelt 
and six hours on the end of a windy pier was eight hundred thou- 
sand dollars. 

• # * 

Those who had ever crossed him in politics or intrigue Fair 
never forgave. If necessary be would buy up their outstanding 
notes if they were in debt and endeavor to ruin them in this way. 
Once in the seventies, in Virginia City, a mining operator spoke 
openly, in John Mallon's saloon, regarding a method which Fair 
had taken to punish an enemy of his. It was the hiring of two or 
three desperadoes to beat tbe man to death. This comment was 
reported to the Colonel by some minions of his, and of course the 
matter was duly noted in Fair's Journal of Revenge. A year 
afterwards this person had occasion to mortgage his house. When 
the time came to release the obligation he demanded thirty days 
grace. He did not get it, for Fair bad purchased the mortgage, 
and bad the satisfaction of seeing his foe moved out by the Sheriff 
and his furniture dumped on the street. 

# * « 

Curious superscriptions are constantly passing through tbe 
mails, to tbe delectation of Postoffice officials, but we doubt if 
any more elaborately addressed letter has been seen this year 
than one received at the Palace Hotel on New Year's Day, 
directed to: 

■■ W. H. CHAMBLIS8, 
Duke of San Fkancisco, 
Member of tbe Palace Hotel Parliament, 


Author of Society as it Really Is." 

The letter was duly delivered. It is said that it mentioned a 

sweet young princess with five millions of The shock was 

great, but at last accounts Mr. Cbambliss was still alive. 

• * * 

Mr. George Nagle is not alone of a very sensitive temperament, 
but tbe slightest change in the temperature of the weather affects 
him. Seated before a blazing fire in the Bohemian club the other 
afternoon, Mr. Nagle began to shiver most perceptibly, and con- 
cluding that he had an attack of chills, he rang for a hot whisky 
punch. The beverage arrived and was consumed by Mr. Nagle, 
but his chill grew worse. Another and another bad no better 
effect, and he was about to look out tbe window to see if it was 
not snowing, when he perceived on either side of him Mr. Horace 
Piatt and Mr. Mnrphy, of tbe First National Bank. The repu- 
tation of those two worthy citizens for producing a frost when- 
ever they go was never better exemplified than in Mr. Nagle's 

# n # 

The uncalled-for attack of Mr. Wm. M. Starr on his late 
brother's partner, Mr. Bannister, seems quite unnecessary, as 
the latter has only sued for a simple accounting of the affairs of 
the late firm (not corporation) of Starr & Co., and the matter is 
now in the court, the proper place for all evidence and contro- 
versy. Mr. Starr should realize this and read the mild com- 
plaint, and not rush wildly into newspaper war, which often re- 
bounds on the aggressors. It would have done him good had 
Mr. Starr heard Mr. Bannister's request the other morning (the 

January 5. 18'.'"' ■ 


2d ln»L). lo l're»idenl Holcomb on ma Produce Exrhange. that 
the Utter would coma wltb bloi and bear him refute lo Mr. Starr 
his statement Ibal Mr. Bannister bad accoaed A. D. Starr ol fam- 
ily fauble*sne»s. •■ It lalalie." said Hanniater. •• and Will Starr 
Know* II, and 1 know nothing of Iba mailer except what his 
•litar-ln law bu said, further than that I heard Wm. M. Starr 
himself, at a whist party in Oakland soma time ago, make this 
Identical charge against his brother In connection with a very 
near relation of Ibeir friend, Mr. Carter. He will remember tbia 
when reminded that bis wife asked him if be knew what he was 
talking about, and be surlily replied to her: 'Yes, I do know what 
I am talking about, and you do loo. '" They who lire In glass 
bouses should never throw stones. Mr. Wm. M. Starr was not a 
partner of the firm of Siarr ,v Co., but in early days drove a gro- 
cery wagon in Vallejo on 150 a month for another brother, Mr. E. 
T. Starr, who later failed, owing a large sum to the firm, of which 
Bannister paid bis share. Botb these brothers were then taken 
into the Slarr family asylum, the mills at Vallejo, until the hon- 
est and virtuons Starr brothers shipped off poor Alibaba Bannis- 
ter to Europe in the interest of the firm, when (*rj made 
money fast by putting Wm. M. Starr Id the Occidental Ware- 
bouse. San Francisco (guaranteeing his rent for him), and selling 
him for years all the firm's millstoffs at safely low prices, caus- 
ing much scandal in the trade. This was the only ten-strike ever 
made, or that ever will be made, by Mr. Wm. M. Starr, and all 
his Oakland real estate purchases resulted from it. Full examin- 
ation into this, and the large amounts "given" by Mr. A. D. 
Siarr to Mr. Wm. M. Starr and his relatives, with the considera- 
tions given tnerefor, also the real cause of Mrs. A. I). Starr's ab- 
sence, will no doubt shortly be had in court, if, as threatened, this 
fight is to be continued to the bitter end, which is yet distant. 
• • • 

Mr. Roger D. Magee, the real estate expert, has been amusing 
himself by taking a coarse of restaurant French. His efforts in 
acquiring that polite language have not been commensurate with 
his industry. While Mr. Magee was seated at the Franco-Ameri- 
can, discussing a canvas-back duck, he called to the waiter in 
French for a toothpick. 

"Certainment," said the waiter, politely, making a dash for a 
whisk broom, which be presented to the discomfited linguist. 

Since this incident Mr. Magee has confined himself to the ver- 
nacular, with a slight sprinkling of Mill Valley' Spanish. 
» • » 

Two young men, Sanford Walter and Louis Schwabacher, have 
discovered an ingenuity which should lead them to brilliant 
achievements in the future. On New Year's Day they called on 
the Browns, corner of Sutter and Franklin streets, where they 
found ten charming young ladies receiving. That meant ten 
cards, and the wretched lads had them not. So they borrowed a 
transfer punch from a street car conductor and punched ten holes 
in their cards, which they smilingly left for the girls. 
* * * 

At the New Year's party of the San Francisco Verein, Colonel 
M. H. Hecht, the President, made a happy speech compliment- 
ing the Verein on its progress and prosperity, and said that, un- 
like the Concordia Club, he bad no surprise in store for the 
Verein in the way of an assessment. And he concluded this 
pleasant address by publicly presenting his daughter, Miss Sadie, 
with a diamond dagger! 

ANOTHER parliamentary crisis is announced from Hungary. 
The frequency witb which these political shake-ups are occur- 
ringin that country of late indicates that something is radically 
wrong. Tbe difficulty originated some time ago over a proposed 
law in regard to which the general sentiment of the people took 
one position and the clerical party another. Since then a num- 
ber of contributory and confusing elements have crept into the 
issue, so that at times it has threatened to develop the germs of 
a new national movement of an almost revolutionary character. 
It is understood that the Emperor is now seeking to obtain a 
cabinet of a composite character which will include representa- 
tives of all the parties and factions interested in Hungarian 
politics. It is not thinkable, however, that such a ministry 
could hold together for any time. 

CAPTAIN Dreyfus, the French officer who was accused of selling 
military information to Germany, has been tried by a court- 
martial and condemned to imprisonment for life. The stolen mem- 
orandum was produced in evidence at his trial, but, as the hear- 
ing took place in private, no one is supposed to be aware of the 
fact. It is now rumored that the German Ambassador has de- 
nied that any document was stolen from his embassy and has 
called upon the French Government to deny that such a paper 
was used in evidence. This will probably be done, and, in the 
language of diplomacy, "the incident will be allowed to drop." 
It is, indeed, an Incident in which neither Government figures 
very creditably. 

After dinner try Adams' Pepsin Tutti-Frutti Chewing Gum. You 
will find it admirable. 

World's Fair 


And Diploma 











Is at the head of BelUcgham Bay, oa Puget Sound. It is the 
Northwest City of the State of Washington; population about 
10,000. It is the third city in size and wealth in Western Wash- 
ington. All its industries are thriving 

IT HAS ADVANTAGES pos essed by no other point in the 
State of Washington; the country is ri^h in coal, iron, and other 
minerals; it is rich in agricultural and timber land ; the city is 
lighted by electricity; it has twj electric street car lines; the 
water supply is from a large mountain lake 316 feet above the 
ci y front; the quautity of water is unlimited, and is used to 
drive machiuery for manufacturing purposes. For domestic 
use it is unequal^d. 

NEW WHATCOM is the home of the Bellingham Bay and 
British Columbia railroad, and of the Bellington Bay and East- 
ern Railroad; it is the American terminus of the Canadian 
Pacific Railway, and the Pacific Coast terminuB of the Great 
Northern Railroad; the Northern Pacific Railroad is making 
preparations to enter toe city; its harbor is one of the best in 
the world; the steamships of the Pacific Coast S. S. Company 
for the North all go there; steamers arrive at and depart daily 
from New Whatcom for all ports on Puget Sound. 


/l)i55 /T\ar?so9'5 5017001, 

1625 San Jose Avenue, between Grand 

and Paru Streets, 
/llameda, Qal. 

Boarding and Day School for Young Ladies and 
Children. Next term opens August 6th . 



.^sxitora. F. Stevens, 

STUDIO : 26 Montgomeey Btbeet, Room 8. 

Pupils prepared for Stage, Concert or Drawing Room. A 
Special Class for Teachers who wish to perfect themselves 
in the Banjo's harmony and technic. 

Perrier-Jouet & Co. 


For sale by all first-class Wine Merchants and Grocers. 

W. B. CHAPMAN, Sole Agent for Pacific Coast, 

123 California street. 



January 5, 1895. 

WHAT an envied man is Ed. Greenway by the " kids " of the 
swim! Not only does he fill the leading role at the Friday 
Night Cotillions, but be has the same privilege with the school 
girls' dances 1 and, of coarse, where the portly Ed. appears the 
boys do not have much show. One consolation they have, how- 
ever, and that is, every happy New Year which rolls around di- 
minishes his light and brings the " kids " of the present nearer to 
the winning post. 

Change, so fatal to every scheme whether for pleasure or profit, 
seems likely to affect fair Burlingame in all the projects made for 
a gloriously good time this spring. Several of the moving spirits 
are or will be absent. Fred Sharon and Talbot Clifton are among 
the missing and no one can say for a certainty when they will re- 
turn. Then, of the fair sex, the departure eastward of the young 
lady who has given forth to the world her opinion that Burlin- 
game's chief charm lies in the facility and opportunity which a 
visit there affords for getting well acquainted with the most de- 
lightful man of your set, will leave a hiatus not easy to fill. The 
chances are that the leading spirits in the spring gaieties will be 
the Tobin-Jarboe contingent, solidly backed by the girls who are 
so determinedly learning to ride, jump, take fences, hurdles, etc. 
It is to be hoped that the Sbarons may return, that the Will 
Crockers may be resident there awhile, and that the paper hunt 
so frequently alluded to may materialize. 
» « # 

Among the tumors which the New Year brings to society is 
one which credits a spirituelle widow not far off (although her 
name is slightly suggestive of it) with the veteran Jones, who 
has for so long a period of years ornamented our social 
system. What a charming presiding genius she would make for 
the Hyde street dwelling'. 

* # # 

It is currently whispered that the mysterious package handed 
Dr. Harry Tevis from the heavily laden Christmas tree at the 
family gathering contained a piece of fancy work wrought by 
fairy fingers which will in all probability be graced with a golden 
circlet before Eastertide. 

And still another item says that Walter Dean now has aims of 
a more musical nature than when society gave him the credit of 
having won the magnificent Emily. However, this may be all 
wbat the girls call "fiddlesticks." 

It is an even bet that more people were disappointed than 
pleased with the terms of the late ex-Senator Fair's will. How 
many of bis lady friends confidently expected a souvenir at least, 
and how many old miners thought their names would occur to 
their ancient friend! But old man Dobinson's example was not 
followed by the millionaire. 

» * * 

The girls are in a state of rapture over the dance at the Presidio 
given to the Admiral and officers of the Philadelphia last week. 
The buds declare that now they know what is meant by having 
men to dance with and talk tol 

* * • 

Ken Bmedburg's pre-occupied air at tbe military bop the other 
night was attributed to tbe fact of her absence. Mindful that P. 
Ashe's bravery secured bim an heiress, Ben tried that act at the 
Young fire, and it is to be hoped will meet with a desired result, 
or none but the brave deserve tbe fair. 
» » » 
Wiseacres say that when the beaux are difficult to bring to the 
proposing point, a departure from their midst — a temporary ab- 
sence even — often has tbe desired effect, for men realize that bles- 
sings brighten as they leave them. Hence tbe somewhat abrnpt 
visit eastward of one of our prominent society girls may thus be 
explained, or why shonld it take place just as one of her most de- 
voted admirers has announced his intention of building a cottage 
at Burlingame T As a rule, cottages are not built for bachelor oc- 
cupancy. Only Claude Hamilton would be guilty of such taste 
as tbatl 

* * * 

" What a • catch ' Birdie Fair will bel" is the chief topic of 
swelldom at present, and for some time to come the remark will 
find ecno across the Kockies; for no doubt the fame of our Cali- 
fornia rose so richly endowed with millions has reached the ears 
of impecnnions nobility and fortune-hunters alike, in Europe as 
well as in the East. 

* » * 

Among the belles of the near future will be tbe eldest daughter 
of Frank Newlands, who, as granddaughter of the late William 
Sharon, is one of the heirs to his vast estate. Miss Edith, who is 
a blonde of the buxom type, having attained the regulation age 
for presentation to the world, eighteen, will, some think, be for- 

mally introduced into Washington society this winter. Mr. an ' 
Mrs. Newlands returned to Washington recently from this Coast 

* » • 

It has long been an open secret in the inner circles of society 
that a prominent lady was a victim to the taste for stimulants, 
requiring periods of retirement from the world in an endeavor to 
overcome the fatal passion. But sad as such a case is, it is far 
more deplorable to bear of a beautiful young girl who gossip says 
has tbe same propensity, of wbich many tongues in the swim are 
wagging. It cannot be too markedly emphasized that the 
" society tippling " is gaining ground and should be frowned upon 
by every right-minded man and woman who come in contact 
with it. 

* » # 

At a dinner party recently some people were discussing the 
criticism which had been made of the " ladies' paper," by some 
one styling himself a newspaper man, deprecating tbe action and 
declaring that what was done for charity should be kindly dealt 
with. But the ladies themselves will acknowledge (if fair-minded) 
that no one found fault with the work done — it was the lack of 
bright matter in tbe writing which was complained of and which 
one surely might be pardoned for expecting from the cultivated 
minds of our beauty and fashion aided by wealth. 

* « » 

There are noticeably four in the " buds' " race for belledom — 
Genevieve and May Bell, Elizabeth and Alice. To the two former 
may be awarded tbe palm of beauty, and to tbe two latter that 
for cleverness and wit; for who will deny that there isa/ene 
sat's quoi about Miss Carroll which is certainly fetching, and that 
Miss Alice Hager is the essence of graciousness and refinement? 

On dit a cotillion costume et poudre will, be among the gayeties 
of the near future at one of the swell mansions on the avenue. 

Don't fail to chew Adams' Pepsin Tutti-Frutti Chewing Gum after 
meals. Indigestion fades before it. 





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Larkin and 


P. & B 





116 Battery St., San Francisco, Cal. 

shirts BULGE OUT and RUMPLE? 

8end II for my simple and invisible attachment and 
they will do so no more. Edward Sweet, 16 Montauk 
Block, Chicago. 

January 6, 1895. 




SOME wiae student of bnmiD nature has remarked that, de- 
spite man's activity In philanthropy, she will never succeed 
in reformtnc anything until she has succeeded in reforming her 
own dress. Like all general statements, this consists of truth and 
error. At any rate, it Is certain that as woman Is demanding 
more freedom of motion, as she takes more active participation in 
out-of-door sporti. her garments become less in number and more 
simple In construction. What girl could play tennis in a stiff pair 
of corsets or ride a bicycle If she wore hoops f 

Of course, as has been said many times before, when any 
woman attempts any departure from the established fashion, es- 
pecially if it be a sensible one, she must expect to be caricatured, 
and that most unmercifully, by the very men who are loudest in 
railing at the follies of existing feminine fashions. 

In some of the Middle States women who hare determined to 
adopt a more sensible costume for street wear have banded them- 
selves together with a pledge to have the principal streets of the 
city (was it not in Toledo?) paraded by gronps of ladies dressed 
according to the new mode, during the crowded part of the day, 
so as to familiarize the public eye with the innovation. Well 
reasoned they that whatever becomes a common occurrence 
ceases to occasion remark. Similar to this was the rainy-day 
movement fnaugnrated by the co-eds at Berkeley. Already a 
number of unusually short dresses have been seen on our streets 
this winter, and the shoe stores report the sale of an increasing 
number of leggings to ladies. 

The great objections to reform garments may be classed under 
the beads of looks and of utility. In the first place, so few of 
them have anything to recommend them in the way of style, and 
the women who wear them generally look like guys; even that 
apostle of dress-reform, Annie Jenness Miller, herself a pretty 
woman, was no exception to the rule. The fact is, that while 
garments hanging from the breast-bone and depending from be- 
tween the shoulder blades may be advantageous from a hygienic 
point of view, they are not becoming to every style of figure, al- 
though they are much affected by the tall, slender, clinging kind 
of women, who can wind themselves round a man and wheedle 
him out of his senses. 

Still, all these attempts to find a rational out-of-door costume 
for women are making toward a desirable result. It is bound to 
come. This is seen in the rapidity with which the attempt to re- 
vive the trailing dress for street wear was vanquished. 

True dress reform must emrrace three leading features. It 
must shorten the skirts, not allowing them to touch the ground, 
must release the waist from undue pressure, and must simplify 
the under garments. As for the first, it does not seem as if any 
further arguments were necessary than those already advanced 
on the score of cleanliness and health. As for weight, what 
woman prefers to wear a heavy skirt? And yet the latest style 
in skirts demands that the immense pleats in the back be stiff- 
ened with buckram or hair cloth I As for the should 
never be compressed, but the corset moderately tight is not the 
unmitigated evil that the dress reformers with the straight-up- 
and-down figures, or the meal-sack measures, would have us be- 
lieve. It is only when the waist is compressed into an abnor- 
mally small compass that barm is done. To the fat woman the 
corset is a true friend; it is like one of those wire frames for 
straggling pinks — it keeps her overflowing proportions within 
some bounds, and is not to be despised as a garment that affords 
protection from cold. Its abuse means disease, and in many 
cases death. I know of one family whose women enter social 
life as plump young girls. They marry early, have children 
rapidly, and generally die with their third child. This has hap- 
pened so often that the remaining members are superstitious, and 
fearful of sharing the same fate, Why are they thus marked for 
misfortune? Because they have a natural inclination to take on 
flesh, it is a struggle for them to preserve their early proportions, 
and only the tightest of tight lacing can keep their increasing 
girth within the wasp-waist limit. Such violence done to nature 
must be avenged, and when these maltreated figures are called 
upon to pass through the ordeal of maternity they succumb to 
the inevitable. They die. And yet these girls have been edu- 
cated in good schools; they have taken a course in physiology 
and hygiene; they are familiar with all the arguments against 
tight lacing and improper dressing, and yet they go on to their 
death. They are the victims of their dressmakers. It is a fact 
susceptible of proof that where a young girl fresh from school, 
and animated by her knowledge of physiology and hygiene, 
wishes to have her dresses made so that she can breathe in them, 
her fashionable dressmaker will utter voluble protests, declare 
that she cannot afford to have her own reputation ruined by 
having such a costume leave her hands. The poor girl is 
badgered, ridiculed, even made the butt of coarse satire, until she 
yields to the inevitable and permits herself to be dressed "like 
other people," that being the canon of social law. On the other 
hand, there are girls whose mothers wish them to have room to 
breathe in, who stand by while the dressmaker is fitting the 
waist, to see that it is not made too tight, and what does the girl 
do but on the sly direct the dressmaker to take it in, to sew the 

seam* np Uuldt the bastings, thus circumventing the mother's 
good Intention*. It would -rem as if woman were to be kept In 
perpetual bondage as to ber clothes- K.t w hire the girls have 
sense the mothers have not, and where the mothers have sense 
the girls have not. and so It goes. 

Perhaps the idea may seem quixotic, but it Is not without 
sense, that our dressmakers should not be permitted to practice 
their profession without some kuowltdge of anatomy. They 
have complicated charts by which they cut waist patterns, but to 
many of them a colored physiological chart would be only a new 
design for a cruzy quilt. In Paris there is a public inspector of 
cooking nten-tl.x, po anxious are the French to insure the health 
of their people. Every keeper of a hotel, restaurant, or eating 
house must submit to this domiciliary visit of the inspector, and 
is subject to a fine if his utensils are not perfectly clean, and free 
from all possibility of chemically poisoning the food to be cooked 
in them. In America we insist upon a practicing physician's 
having a diploma, of a drug clerk's possessing a pharmaceutical 
education. We are beginning to pay some attention to the sani- 
tary conditions of our school houses, but we trust ourselves im- 
plicitly to the bands of ignorant sewing women who do not 
know a heart from a gizzard, and who have no idea of the rela- 
tion of the lungs or the liver to the general health. We let them 
pinch us here, pull us in there, we let them pad us, and cinch us, 
garrote our throats, and belay our floating ribs, and we consider 
it the highest tribute that can be paid to our stylish appearance 
when it is said that our dresses look as If we had been melted 
and run into tbem. Ask any physician who has made woman 
and her diseases bis specialty, and will he not tell you that more 
than one-half of the women who consult his skill are victims of 
an improper style of dress, with its compressions and its inevit- 
able injury to vital organs? What right have our dressmakers, 
thus, to do violence to the laws of nature? 

As for a woman's underclothing, the simpler that can be made 
the better. Warm underwear is a necessity. I have known girls 
who prided themselves upon their independence of flannel or 
merino, boasting, as it were, an evidence of blue blood, that they 
wore only short, silken undervests, and that their flannel under- 
skirt hung from a cotton yoke; which may have been economy, 
but which was not good policy. For such a style of dressing left 
a broad band about four inches in width across the ab- 
domen absolutely unprotected save by a cotton covering. What 
wonder that illness was the result ? In a climate like ours, flan- 
nel, or at least merino, is a necessity for women, and the question 
is, " How shall they wear it ? " Somepreferthe union undergar- 
ment, although there are many valid objections to that on the 
score of inconvenience. But the main object to be attained is 
freedom from multiplicity of skirts. In the good old days our 
grandmothers wore, in addition to their flannel shirts, a chemise, 
which was long enough to answer for a skirt; and, besides their 
flannel petticoat, often tucked to the waist for warmth, they 
wore at least two, and sometimes four, white skirts more or less 
voluminous. For cold weather there was the quilted petticoat of 
silk and cotton batting for warmth. What wonder that our 
women ancestors moved with stately dignity under so much- 
skirted weight ? First the chemise disappeared, and in its stead 
came the combination garment of corset cover, chemise, and 
drawers, or corset cover and white skirt. Tte divided skirt has 
bad its day. No one ever could manage it but poor Kosina Yokes. 
For ordinary mortals it was a delusion and a snare, and the 
ample folds of t( trouserloons " curled about the wearer's knees 
until locomotion was impossible. 

Thanks to the » bicycle craze," women are now in a fair way 
to solve the underwear problem; for whether the fair rider of a 
11 wheel " wear bloomers or skirts to secure freedom of action, 
she must not be hampered by bulky underclothes. She wears 
equestrian tights. Wearing them on the " wheel," she soon 
adopts them for her regular costume, and by their nse can strip 
ber figure of its swaddling clothes, and step forth free and unim- 
peded. A merino undergarment next the skin, black equestrian 
or bicycle tights, a dress skirt, warmth, grace, freedom — what 
more can a woman want ? 

THE death of Charles H. Kohler this week was a severe shock 
to the community. He was President of the Kohler & Fron- 
ting Wine Company and the son of one of the best and staunch- 
est of our citizens. With large means, a prosperous business, 
and the confidence of his business associates and the affection of 
a large circle of friends, bis sudden death was a blow to all. He 
was unmarried, and one of the biggest hearted and most genial 
of men. 

Laughing Babies 
are loved by everybody. Good nature in children is rare unless they 
are healthy. Those raised on the Gail Borden Eagle Brand Con- 
densed Milk are comparatively free from sickness. This milk is so 
easily prepared that improper feeding is inexcusable. 

Qo to Morse's for the best photos— Cabinets, Paris Panels. Crayons, 
etc. Prices to suit the times. Top floor, Columbian building, 916 
Market street. Take elevator. 

A Cough. Cold or 8obe Throat requires immediate attention. "Brown's 
Bronchial Troches " will invariably give relief. 26c a box. 



January 5, 1895. 

Siluer's A good silver mine is about the beet investment 

Bright Future whicb could be made to-day, if bougbt at a 
Is Assured. figure equivalent to the depreciated value of the 
metal in the open market. Independent of any 
action by the banditti assembled at Washington, silver will ad- 
vance in price before long, and the movement will be on a firm 
basis whicb will defy the action of unfriendly legislation to shake. 
Absorbed by the asinine discussion of the silver question, the 
financial egotists of this great nation seem to have lost sight of 
the gradually broadening ideas on the subject in commercial 
bodies on the other side of the Atlantic. While this country has 
been talked almost to death by a wild-eyed and generally ignor- 
ant set of fanatical theorists, the more practical people of the old 
world have formulated a policy which is well calculated to en- 
hance the value of silver bullion. The English have arranged to 
mint a new silver dollar, the weight of which will be 416 grains, 
900 fine, or the equivalent of the Japanese yen. These dollars 
are intended for circulation in the Straits Settlements, Hongkong, 
and other markets in the far East. They may also possibly be 
used on the east coast of Africa, and in other adjacent localities, 
in competition witb the Mexican and Japanese dollars, and per- 
haps, should the coin be a success, eventually with even the 
Marie Theresa dollar. The coinage of the new dollar has already 
begun in Bombay, and notice has been given to the effect that 
merchants may freely introduce silver into the mint for coinage 
into the new dollar, paying a minting charge of one per cent. 
This means free coinage on a scale which will relieve the market 
of large quantities of silver bullion. At the present high quota- 
tion of Mexican dollars in the Straits Settlements, it is remuner- 
ative to introduce the Japanese yen, but it is anticipated that 
when the war between Japan and China is over the yen will be 
recalled to Japan. This will leave room for the introduction of 
the new British dollar, which all the banks have undertaken to 
aid in supporting. This practically settles the question of a 
gold standard for India, and the steady value which the new 
dollar will impart to the silver, will bring the metal more in favor 
with the natives than it ever was. It can be predicted witb 
safety that all the Indian mints will be running full blast very 
shortly turning out the new dollar, doing away with the rupee 
which has always been most uncertain and unreliable as a factor 
of monetary exchange. 

$ $ $ 

ANOTHER great relief will be the formation of the proposed 
combination to control the disposition of the American 
product. All tbe large smelting interests of the United States 
were represented at toe conferences which have been held look- 
ing toward this end. The idea would be for the silver smelters 
and refiners to dispose of their product through a central com- 
mittee in New York. The silver product in the Dni ted States, 
and tbat part of it in Mexico which is controlled by the United 
States amounts to 70,000,000 ounces a year. The entire product 
of the world ranges from 100,000,000 to 120,000,000 ounces a year. 
The price of our silver, despite the fact that we control the 
world's market for this commodity, is made in London. It is 
believed that in effecting the sale of silver in this way, specula- 
tion will be eliminated, and tbe price will be more stable. The 
smelters here will also always have reliable information at band 
concerning the supply and demand of the article, without having 
to depend, as at present, on the brokers in England belonging to 
the silver ring. Another thing, by this system America can 
market its own product. At present India, China, and Japan, 
the big buyers of silver, purchase entirely through London. A 
combination of tbe kind will undoubtedly do much to assist tbe 
advance in price for the metal, which seems certain under other 
and still more powerful influences. 

$ $ $ 

Tt)e Hartford The eighty-fifth annual report of tbe Hartford Fire 
Iqsurance Insurance Co. of Hartford, Conn., shows that 

Corrjpany, prosperity has attended its extended operations 
during the year now closed. This is some- 
thing phenomenal when the financial results of tbe year in other 
quarters are taken into account. The Hartford, however, has a 
reputation dating back for over a century as one of the strong- 
est and most reliable of companies, and of course this, to a great 
extent, accounts for its phenomenal success, dnring what must 
be considered an unusually trying period of depression. A note- 
worthy feature of the financial statement is the gross 'income ac- 
count, amounting to $7,135,478 30, which is the largest returns 
of all the companies, domestic or foreign, operating in this coun- 
try. The surplus of $3,750,346 87 is also in excess of all domes- 
tic companies operating in tbe same branch of tbe insurance busi- 
ness. Messrs. Belding & Cofran, tbe managers for the Pacific 
Coast, are to be congratulated upon the success of this great com- 
pany, to which they have in no small degree contributed. 

Comstoch The holidays have interrupted the run of business 
Miqiqg considerably, and trading has been very light in 
Scares, shares of all descriptions on Pine street. The new 
year has, however, opened under brighter auspices, 
and it is hoped that times will gradually improve from this on. 
The steady tone of prices during the dull spell has been a subject 
for congratulation among holders of Comstock shares, showing 
tbat stocks are well under control. Tbe margin holders are no 
longer a terror to the sanguine bull operator, as the heavier ones 
have been weeded out during the repeated breaks in prices. 
There has been a firmer tone of late in tbe market and a much 
better feeling on the street. Tbe majority of traders incline to tbe 
belief tbat prices have touched the lowest point, and tbat a higher 
range of values will prevail before any further depreciation takes 
place. The news from the mines continues very satisfactory, and 
an improvement is reported in many of tbe smaller mines along 
the lode. Alta, for instance, has nearly doubled in value recently, 
owing to an improvement on the 825 level, where a ledge cut has 
widened out from a few inches to 41 feet. Justice, also, will be 
in a position to stand off an assessment for some time to come as 
a result of the bullion output from the mill, which is now run- 
ning steadily on a good grade of ore from the mine. Crown Point 
has done very well recently, and it is said officially that the ore 
in sight will keep the mill going for some months to come. 
Con. -Virginia is now milling ore at tbe usual rate, and all the 
mines in the Belcher group are rnnning again, the repairs to the 
maohinery having been completed. 

t t t 

Marr\rqor\d There has been more or less talk in town here about 
or/ tbe tenor of the report which Mr. John Hays Ham- 

Zambesi, mond has made upon the country visited daring his 
recent expedition into the interior. Tbe following 
paragraph from a letter received from Mr. Hammond during tbe 
week will throw a little more light upon the subject, and prove 
more reliable for persons who may contemplate a search for work 
in that part of the world : "I have just returned from an inter- 
esting trip through Zambesi, which now belongs to the British 
South Africa Company, and which I think is destined to become 
a country of some importance from a mining standpoint. As yet 
tbe developments are too scant to enable one to predict with 
much confidence as to the future. Inasmuch, however, as there 
are hundreds of miles of ancient workings, which show extensive 
mineralization, it seems but reasonable to hope for the discovery 
of pay shoots upon some of the properties." From the tenor of 
other remarks made by Mr. Hammond it would seem very un- 
wise for any one to leave here for South Africa, unless well pro- 
vided with money, or under engagement beforehand. It is no 
place for poor men looking for work to go to under any circum- 

$ $ $ 

Califorqia There seems to be some inquiry still afloat for Cali- 
Gold fornia gold mines. There are rumors continually of 
Wines, sales, but they amount to little upon investigation. 
A Chicago firm of brokers, named Wakem & 
Marshall, is represented in tbe city at present by Mr. Marshall, 
who is dickering over some property down in Fresno County. It 
is also said that the old Alabama mine of Tuolumne County has 
attracted the attention of some English people, who are about to 
expert it. This is the property, it will be remembered, tbat Jim 
Crossman nearly succeeded in floating for $25,000 to some Eastern 
people shortly before he died. The sale, however, fell through at 
that time for some reason which bas never been satisfactorily ex- 
plained. Tbe Brown mine of Nevada is also, it is said, to be in 
the fair way of passing into strong hands. 


Local The city savings banks are now paying their semi- 

Bank annual dividends at tbe following rates: San Fran- 

Diuidends, Cisco Savings Union, Mutual, Humboldt, California 

Safe Deposit and Trust, French Savings and Loan 

and Security, 4 8-10 per cent, per annum on term and 4 per 

cent, on ordinary deposits; German Savings and Loan, 5 per 

cent, on term and 4 1-6 per cent, on ordinary deposits; Union 

Trust, 4J per cent, on ordinary deposits, and Hibernia Savings 

and Loan, -1 : [ per cent, on all deposits. The First National Bank 

bas declared a dividend for tbe last half of 1894 at the rate of 

10 per cent, per annum, payable on the 10th inst. 

$ $ $ 

THE receipts of treasure at this port per Wells, Fargo & Co. '8 
express during the twelve months ending December 31, 1891, 
were $11,586,717, as follows: From the interior, $10,813,357; 
from the north coast, $773,360. This treasure consisted of 
$6,527,129 in coin, $3,005,313 in silver bullion, and $2,050,275 in 
gold bullion. Tbe inland shipments from San Francisco during 
the year were $26,743,162, and tbe overland shipment $8,668,980. 

$ $ $ 

THE Bank Commissioners have issued a license to a new bank 
at Whittier, Los Angeles Connty, to be known as the Bank of 
Whittier. Tbe authorized capital is $25,000, of which $6000 has 
been subscribed. 

Januarv 6, HJ9.V 



"Hear the Crier'" " Whal the d»ill art thou V 
"One that will plar the devil, air, with too." 


HO, lira, are these lade, so ruddy and strong — 
80 able to staod for tbe right against wrong, 
Bo fall of tbe graces of manhood and youth. 
80 fitting to battle for honor and truth, 
80 firm of limb, clear of eye, manly, and brave — 
80 noble a menace to bully and knave — 

Tbe flower of our great schools? 
They'll show as their prowess in some manly sporl? 
So! they're "lining up" (soldiers to bold any fort 
When fighting is needed for God and forborne); 
80 firm of limb, clear of eye — under tbe dome 
Of bigb Heaven there's none so ruddy and strong, 
80 worthy of honor in story and song — 

They'll teach as bow not to be fools I 

And narrowly watching are thousands of souls 

To see these young Titans straggle for goals, 

To see these tine lads, so ruddy and strong, 

80 firm of limb, clear of eye — surging tbrong, 

Cheer lustily, long, and send tbe hot blood 

Bounding freely through young veins, a mad, eager flood, 

And pray that tbe bravest may winl 
For 'tis stirring to see men both gentle and brave 
(So noble a menace to bully and knave) 
Come forth in mimic encounter, with jest 
And with laughter, and joyously riding tbe crest 
Of Fellowship's wave. 'Tis good to tbe eye. 
Let your cheers crack the dome of the uppermost sky, 

For in happiness can be no sin I 

What means this confusion? Is this the great game?,| 

Are the graces of manhood and youth but the samel (£~J 

Ae those of the bally and knave? O good sirs, iBPus Eft;*- 

And you women in velvets, and laces, and furs, _. -jig 

See you not that these lads, so ruddy and strong, 

80 able to stand for tbe right against wrong, « 

Are learning and teaching in crime? 
Are snarling and biting like bulldogs, or thieves 
That have quarreled? And say you, eood women, it grieves 
Not your souls to see blood on their faces, your ears 
To hear foulest of oaths from their lips? Are your fears 
Not strong that you're breeding a whelpage of beasts 
That tear up all manhood and youtb at their feasts 

And smear your own hearts with their grime? 

TT is a dangerous thing for a man of fixed ideas in business 
1 affairs to jump into political notoriety. Mayor Sutro is a pro- 
gressive man and has been a successful manipulator. He has 
wonderful vitality, and knows how to utilize the most valuable 
relics of the Midwinter Fair and provide attractions for private 
profit. This is an exhibition of genius, but if he permits the 
pumps to be applied in the way of enterprising reporters, his 
reservoir will soon be dry. Because he received a big majority 
he imagines that he owns the city and will be responsible for tbe 
conduct of every officer who has a desk in the City Hall. His 
egotism is majestic, but he will run against San Francisco's most 
vigorons youth and individuality when he undertakes to impress 
his peculiar reform ideas upon the newly-elected city and county 
officers. He must remember that he was elected only to the 
office of Mayor. 

THE female Gabriel, who has been figuring in Judge Ogden's 
court at Oakland for about a month, trying to impress a jury 
with her spiritual trumpet with the fact that she and her husband 
were the rightful legatees of Marie Lemon, deceased, has lost, be- 
cause she failed to raise the dead with her trump and produce the 
required testimony. The attorney for tbe contestants proposed 
to dismiss the esse if she would condescend to furnish tbe court 
and jury with a spook, but the challenge was not accepted, and 
her case being based upon testimony " from that bourne from 
which no traveler returns," the test was damaging. As the wit- 
nesses were not subpoeaied, their failure to appear will not be ad- 
judged as a contempt of court, but Mrs. Smith's vulgar tin trum- 
pet does not seem to possess the virtue accredited to that golden 
instrument that tbe archangel will toot at the final awakening. 

SACRAMENTO has another fit of purging, and tbe dead-beats 
must go. Keiley's army of unemployed are included in tbe 
visitation of wrath that is to follow. The citizens have become 
thoroughly aroused, but what are they going to do with the 
crowds that will assemble there next week from all parts of the 
State ? If Keiley's army is composed of a more dangerous set 
than usually throngs aronnd a legislature, how could it have 
rested so long in tbe vicinity of the State capital? They have 
probably concluded that one of a kind was all they could stand. 

AHOKKllll.K murder having been oommltUd »i bacramenlo, 
the peace-loving men of that city have organized themselves 
Into a Ctmmlttee of Safety, determined to punish crime of what- 
ever kind. This was done In tbe absence of Mr. MrClatchey, of 
th< lire, who was in this city on a visit, and who, on his return 
10 Sacramento, will probably publish something like this 
law-loving citizens of Sacramento, who have formed themselves 
Into a Committee of Safely, bave confessed by that act that the 
admlnislralion of tbe law is Inadequate— whether from indolence 
or corruption it is immaterial to say. These law-loving citizens 
are tbe men to whom we all look for placing competent and con- 
scientious persons in office. In failing to do so (having tbepower) 
tbey gave tbe first evidence that they are not good citizens, and 
now tbey are adding to their disgrace by proceeding to take the 
law into Iheir own bands and thus become enemies of the law, 
and for that reason, in a moral sense, tbey are worse than the 
officers who fail to enforce the law, and no better than the male- 
factors who break it. A representative government is neither 
better nor worse than the people whom it represents." As soon 
as the Bee publishes this — which, being an honest and fearless 
paper, it will do, now that it is convinced by ns that it should — 
tbe Legislature will threaten to move the Capitol to Milpitas, and 
the Bee will be boycotted, tbe citizens will be frightened into 
making themselves and their city respectable, and all concerned 
will be vastly benefited. 

THERE is a decided abatement in the Gubernatorial contest 
fever that was little less than a sensation a few weeks ago. Tbe 
blood ran high at first, and there was more or less friction of the 
s'death order among the leaders of the Republican party on the 
subject. The sober second thought that comes to soothe, like 
the >> benediction after prayer," has had its effect. Probably the 
pulse of the populace has been felt, and that it came with a 
" Whoa, January'" that calmed the fractious steeds. Tbe outlook 
now is that we shall have peace and prosperity for the next four 
years, and it will be said, with a demagogic unction, that the 
great political revolution in favor of the g. o. p. brought the 
timely rains in such copious showers to gladden the hearts of the 

SO far as we have been able to discover there are two ways by 
which Americans may acquire the distinction of being aristo- 
crats — one is by becoming rich and the other is ability to trace the 
pedigree back to the beer-guzzling Patch peasants who settled 
Manhattan Island. In New York those aristocrats who are not 
so by reason of their wealth have a Society of Colonial Dames — 
or something like that and equally as funny — and now the San 
Francisco descendants of the Colonial Dutch peasants are to have 
a branch of the New York society, duly chartered and accredited 
by that body. We are advancing, mesdames and messieurs! and 
oar qnarterings are becoming innumerable. No longer may Mil- 
pitas boast of a monopoly of the bine blood of these golden shores. 

LAST Saturday night the Bohemian Club celebrated Christmas 
with its customary jinks, and Uncle George Bromley, dressed 
as Santa Clans, presided over the Christmas tree and dispensed 
presents to the deserving Bohemians. His speech and present 
to Dr. Foster are somewhat unique. Thus: "Doctor, we have 
pondered long and earnestly over the problem of what to give 
you this year, and could think of nothing more suitable than 
something emblematic of your profession. We have accordingly 
procured for you the very finest surgical instrument that money 
could procure, and I take great pleasure in presenting it to you 
this evening. It is the latest triumph of surgical science, and is 
known to tbe profession as the (Woman's Examiner. 1 " 

THE statesmen out of a job, labeled with the Iriquois badge, 
will leave San Francisco on Monday afternoon by special 
train to invade Sacramento. Their ostensible purpose is party 
patriotism, to jubilize the triumph of James H. Budd and witness- 
his inauguration as Governor. This would be most commend- 
able, most beautiful, and in a certain sense artistic, were it not 
for the fact that the real object of the visit is to secure official 
favors. Nine ont of every ten who go will be imbued with such 
a feeling of " posisb " that the sublimity of the devotion will be 
destroyed in tbe flood of prayers and petitions to his <• Excel- 
lency." When it comes to such demonstrations San Francisco 
politicians are vigorously there. 

THE amiable industry with which the fashionable folk of San 
Francisco pursue means for getting themselves guyed has met 
its reward at tbe hands of the Oakland fashionables, who insist 
that Miss Boyd, of the Aladdin company, must sing there the song 
which was tabooed here — "And Her Golden Hair Was Hanging 
Down Her Back." No rebuke could bave been more pointed. 
Miss Boyd's harmless ditty has good company in failing to find 
appreciation among oar cultured people — none other than Scheel's 
symphony concerts. We may be wild and woolly, but we are 
not to be fooled by snch vulgar creatures as Beethoven and Anna 

THE Report remarks that the three children of the late James G. 
Fair "refused to be interviewed" on the train from Sacra- 
mento to San Francisco last Thursday. By failing to publish the 
name of the indecent newspaper which sought to inverview them 
the Report neglected a duty to the public. 



January 5, 1895. 

r PHE securement by the Chinese Government of the services of 
1 Hon. J. F. Foster, who neld office after Blaine's retirement, 
as Secretary of State, as a diplomatic and legal adviser in the ne- 
gotiations of a treaty of peace with Japan does not involve the 
United 8tates Government id any way, because Mr. Foster has 
no official connection with oar present Administration; at the 
same time there is little room to doubt but that the wily Chinese 
have, in securing his services, held in view the fact that his na- 
tionality and former official connection with our Government will 
be likely to give him a status and influence in dealing with their 
enemies which will benefit them. The acceptance of this em- 
ployment is not in itself an act which in anywise reflects upon 
Mr. Foster's integrity or patriotism, but at the same time it will 
devolve upon our diplomatic representatives to see to it that his 
voice as the hired attorney for the Chinese Government is not 
mistaken for that of a representative of the United States Gov- 
ernment. There is room within this incident to develop an un- 
desirable complication if care is not exercised. 

The approaching negotiations for a treaty of peace between 
China and Japan promise to uncover a very interesting situation. 
In the settlement of the terms of peace other countries whose 
territorial and commercial concernments are directly or indirectly 
involved will no doubt have something to say. So far Great 
Britain, and Russia, and France have left the belligerents to fight 
the matter out, but in readjusting the status of the two countries 
on tbe basis of a new peace, these powers will undoubtedly be 
heard from, especially if Japan claims as tbe price of her victory 
concessions and terms which infringe on what they conceive to 
be their interests. So far we are all in tbe dark as to what the 
Japanese Government will claim or where the other powers will 
draw the line. There are many indications, however, of what 
the temper and tone of the Japanese, as a nation, is upon the 
subject; and the Japanese Government is sufficiently representa- 
tive in character to be influenced by the pressure of existing sen- 
timent among its own people. Last week there was published 
in this column an extract from an utterance by Count Ukuma, 
a representative Japanese, on this subject. It spoke of claiming 
four hundred millions of dollars as a war indemnity, and all the 
territory occupied so far by the Japanese armies. This will, no 
doubt, be regarded as preposterous by the other powers. It is 
not, of course, an expression of the official mind of the Japanese 
Government, but it appears to be fairly representative of the ex- 
aggerated views of tbe Japanese people. Already they are talk- 
ing of the greater Japan which is to spring out of this war, just 
as the British jingoes are wont to speak of the greater England 
which is the result of centuries of British conquest and coloniza- 
tion. In an article on this subject, published on the 3d of De- 
cember last, the Nichi Nichi, one of tbe leading vernacular papers 
published in Japan, expressed itself thus: 

Japan's military predominance has now been fully recognized in 
Europe; and what must she do to maintain her new reputation? 
The position which she has now assumed brings with it new respon- 
sibility. She must watch over Corea and China. The peace of the 
East is threatened by European encroachments; and it behooves 
Japan to place herself in such a position as to be able to aid China in 
her distress. * * * The object of the Greater Japan must be to be 
at least of such a size as to command the respect China has solicited 
from Europe through her magnitude. We do not say that Japan 
must effect this object during the present war, but that must be tbe 
object she must always have before her in all her future enterprises. 
She should not be contented until she gains possession of the most 
important provinces of China. 

That, as is hereinbefore stated, is not tbe official mind of tbe 
Japanese Government, but it expresses what is evidently tbe 
sentiment of the foundation upon which tbe Japanese Govern- 
ment rests, and with which the Japanese Government must keep 
in measurable touch. It shows that the Japanese are coming out 
of this war with aspirations which verge upon the domain of 
swelled-headism, and that there will be not only a lively contro- 
versy over the terms of the coming treaty of peace, but the 
probability of a good deal of subsequent friction. Our own judg- 
ment is that, as a result of this war, tbe Chinese empire will be- 
come toward the great powers what Turkey in Europe has been 
for many years past — a bothersome and misgoverned ward which 
is tolerated and held together because the jealousies of her neigh- 
bors prevent them from arriving at a satisfactory basis for her 

Tbe British Parliament, unless farther prorogued, is to meet in 
what is expected to be its last session on the fifth of next month. 
So far as tbe present indications go, it appears to be measurably 

certain that the Ministry will proceed with the Newcastle pro- 
gramme, with the addendum of a resolution directed at the 
House of Lords. The Tory papers and leaders profess to see great 
prospects of an early ministerial defeat in the Commons, and 
consequently an immediate appeal to the country from which 
they will emerge triumphant. It requires occult powers of sight, 
however, to enable one to perceive any evidence of a prospect of 
these results. The present Liberal majority in the Commons 
gives that party control of that body as against any possible com- 
bination that can be made in opposition to it, and there is no 
known reason why that majority should refuse to support its 
own Ministry. There is some loose talk of friction between sev- 
eral members of the Roaeberry Cabinet, but this talk comes 
principally from Tory sources and is, doubtless, to a large extent 
a case of tbe wish being father to the thought. There may be 
minor points of detail in regard to which there exists a differ- 
ence of opinion among the gentlemen who form tbe present Min- 
istry, but, so far as tbat is concerned, no Cabinet ever existed in 
which there was a complete unanimity of sentiment in regard to 
details. Since tbe Liberal party secured the tenure of power 
which it now holds no new question of public policy has 
arisen in regard to which there is room for a fundamental 
difference of opinion among Liberals. As for tbe pretense that 
the Tories are certain, or even likely, to be victorious in the next 
general election, it is fanfaronade of the rankest kind. Tbe 
present outlook is that the result of the next general election in 
the British Isles is a matter of grave doubt, with the chances 
favoring the Liberal party. 

It is not generally known that Nicholas II. is the first Czar 
who ascended the throne unmarried since the time of bis cele- 
brated ancestor, Peter the Great. The expenditures for his mar- 
riage, by the way, according to the London Court Journal, did not 
amount to more than half a million, while the cost of his father's 
funeral is said to have reached the sum of a full million. 

A bonanza for agents. Something new. Burglar alarm door bell. 
Secure county rights in California. Send stamp for circular. T. J. 
Stephens, 406 Montgomery street, San Francisco. 

Mothers be sure and use "Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup " for your 
children while teething. 


Fire and Marine Insurance Agents, 

309 and 311 San some St San Francisco, Cal 


FINDLAY, DURHAM & BRODIE 43 and 46 Threadneedle St., London 

SIMPSON, MACKIRDY & CO 29 South Castle St., Liverpool 

FOERST BROS. & CO 2aDd4Stone St., New York 

Your latest work is again 
a financial success, so our 
publisher tells me. How 
do you manage to keep in 
touch, etc., etc? 

Well, I keep my eyes 
open and subscribe to 

Why I I also am one of 
Romeike's subscribers. 

Of course, so is nearly^ r 
everybody, but since he 
started his Press Cutting 
Bureau in 1881, 1 not only 
get criticisms of my works 
but also facts and plots 
through him. 

110 Fifth Ave., 
New York. 

Henry Romeike, 

Newspaper Clippings from all the leading 
papers in the world on any subject. 





703 Market Street, Booms 18, 19 and 20. 

January 5 



ECHOES OF MEMORY.— Jfairy irnherby, in Brooklyn Eagle. 


OW many times have I kissed you, love? 

Since that day to long since passed. 
When first in my arms like a frightened dove, 

Your Battering heart I held fast; 
Uefore, with a lover's dainty sip 
1 had tasted the sweets of your shrinking lip, 

But now you were mine for aye. 
The bridal flowers were wet with dew. 
And the wedding vows still sweetly new, 

Were softly echoing by. 

Your bosom pure and white as the snow, 

Its pulses beat tender and warm, 
And I saw the Hush on your soft cheek glow, 

And your timid heart"s alarm; 
My cheek brushed the drops from the swimming lid 
Of your deep, soft eyes that the shadows hid, 

For now you were mine for aye. 
And the clinging caress of the dimpled arm, 
And your breath on my lip so soft and warm, 

Were sweet as the summer wind's sigh. 

How many times have you kissed me, love ? 

Since that day in the long ago, 
When the bridal wreath was twined above 

Our vows plighted tender and low; 
Before, was the touch of your bashful lip, 
As coy and shy as the humming bird's sip, 

But now you are mine alway, 
And from the honied petals' scented cup, 
Yet never was sweeter the honey bee's sup, 

Than that I gathered that day. 

On your velvet cheek the flitting blush 

Was fair as the sunset's glow, 
And I kissed away the deepening flush, 

When another so quickly would grow; 
Your trembling form 1 pressed to my heart, 
And thought that never again should we part, 

While you were mine for aye. 
And our love should live and sweeter grow, 
While onward the stream of time should flow, 

And the years go echoing by. 

THE PASSING SHIP.— Olive Beatrice Mitir. 

I saw the ship sail down the bay, 
And with her went my heart away, 
Her pennants fair the breezes kissed 
As like a swallow through the mist 
She lightly skimmed the waters free 
And all too soon was lost to me. 

Fair in herself, they said, was she, 
But all of that was lost on me; 
With sad, wet eyes I looked in vain 
To see my loved one's face again 
Ere down the bay along the shore 
,Twas lost to me forevermore. 

Through all the days that come and go 
Freighted with their depths of woe, 
I'll watch and wait and hope and pray, 
Trusting for a glad, bright day 
To dawn, and all my fears grow dim, 
O, God! bring back the ship and him. 

WE TWO.— Margaret J. Preston. 

Ah, painful- sweet ! How can I take it in I 
That somewhere in the illimitable blue 

Of God's pure space, which men call Heaven, we two 

Again shall find each other, and begin 

The infinite life of love, a life akin 

To angels',— only angels never knew 
The ecstasy of blessedness that drew 

Us to each other, even in this world of sin. 

Yea, find each other! The remotest star 
Of all the galaxies would hold in vain 

Our souls apart, that have been heretofore 

As closely interchangeable as are 

One mind and spirit. Oh, joy that aches to pain, 
To be together— we too — forever morel 


I Kwnfkotarara of 


Q' On thU Continent, have r«-rlv*d 


from th« great 

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Jllci or other Chemicals or Dy«l «r« 

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Gas Specialists. Originated the use of Pure Nitrous Oxide Gas for poll* 
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towel coimiif-a.idt - ^ - 

Furnishes Clean Towels at the following: low rates: 

Clean Hand Towels each week, $1.00 per month; 12 Clean Hand Towels 
each week, $1.50 per month; 4 Clean Roller Towels each week. $1.00 

6 month: fi Clean RnHer Towels each week. $1.25 per month, 


Hibernia Savings and Loan Society. 

San Francisco, December 31, 1894. 
At a regular meeting of the board of Directors of this society, held this 
day, a dividend has been declared at the rate of four and one-quarter (4^) 
per cent per annum on all deposits for the six months ending December 81, 
1894, free from all taxes, and payable on and after January 2, 1895. 

ROBERT J. TOB1N, Secretary. 
Office— Corner Market, McAllister and J on es Stree ts. 


San Francisco Savings Union. 

For the half-year ending Dec. 31,1894, a dividend has been declared at 
the rate of four and eight-tenths (4 S-10) percentper annum on term depos- 
its, and four (4) per cent, per annum on ordinary deposits, tree of taxes, pay- 
able on and after Wedne day, Jan. 2, 1895. LOVELL WHITE, Cashier. 

Office— 532 California street, corner Webb. 


Savings and. Loan Society, 

For the half year ending Dec. 31, 1894, a dividend has been declared 

at the rate of four and eight tenths (4 8-10) per cent per annum on Term 

Deposits, and four (4) per cent per annum on Ordinary Deposits, free of 

taxes, payable on and after Wednesday, January 2, 1895. 

Office— 101 Montgomery street, corner Sutter. 


The German Savings and Loan Society. 
For the half year ending Dec 31, 189-1, a dividend has been declared at 
the rate of five per cent, per annum on term deposits, and four and one- 
sixth (4 1-6) per cent, per annum on ordinary deposits, payable on and 
after Wednesday, January 2, 1895. 

GEO. TOURNY, Secretary. 
Office— 526 California street. 


Mutual Savings Bank of San Francisco. 
For the half year ending with Dec. 81, 1894, a dividend has been declared 
at the rate of four and eight-tenths (4 8-10) per cent per annum on Term De- 
its and four per cent, per annum on Ordinary Deposits, free of taxes, 
payable on and after Wednesday, January 2, 1895. 

GEO. A. STORY, Cashier. 
Office— 33 Post Street, San Francisco. Cal. 


Security Savings Bank. 

Dividends on Term Deposits at the rate of four and eight-tenths (4 8-10) 
per cent per annum, and on Ordinary Deposits at the rate of four (4) per 
cent per annum, for the six months ending December 31, 1894, free of taxes, 
will be payable on and after Jan. 2, 1895. S. L. ABBOT, Jr., Secretary. 

Office— 222 Montgomery street, Mills Building. 

Has Removed to 824 Market St, Phe/an Building. 



Januaiy 5, 1895. 

TAKING recent models as a rale a dresa of one color ie an ex- 
ception, the styliBb corsage being a combination of tbree or 

four colors and materials. A mixed suiting in black, blue, yellow, 
f nd red may have a collar of red velvet and a belt of blue satin. A 
brown ladies' cloth has a girdle and yoke of cream guipure lace in 
points, edged with narrow mink fur and laid on yellow satin with 
vest of yellow chiffon and collar of blue velvet. It thus becomes easy 
to make over costumes. Sleeves may be of an entirely different 
material from dress and narrow skirts are widened by side panels of 
velvet or silk. Every remnant may be used up, for if the fabric is 
suitable for a waist, a wholly different skirt is allowable. In buying 
black goods it is well to remember that plain materials will keep in 
style longer than figured ones, and will generally make over to better 

High Medici collars are seen on both coals and capes. The ultra 
smart outside garment for the young woman is a cloth jacket, with 
shoulder cape of fur. Another style has a wide pointed collar of vel- 
vet, edged with fur, sable being the correct thing. In fact, sable is 
just now in great favor on all stylish costumes. The handsomest 
dress at a recent grand ball was of yellow satin bordered with sable. 
Tan coats, brown coats, and green coats are alike trimmed with this 
rich fur. Conspicuous among the Christmas shoppers has been the 
girl with a fur neck boa having sable tails, rosettes of lace and 
bunches of violet. Ruffs of all kinds are a common part of the fash- 
ionable outdoor costume, and bunches of violets seem indispensable, 
whether the ruff be of lace, ribbon, or fur. The same flowers are 
noticed on the dressy muff, which is almost as important an item as 
the boa. Where money is no object natural violets only are worn. 

Chiffon and mousseline de soie waists continue in high favor. Yokes 
outlined with narrow bands of fur are becoming to young women. 
In a model recently seen the yoke is of velvet, the skirt of cloth, and 
the wide border of perforated cloth. The waist is fastened behind, 
and the huge gigot sleeves are of velvet to match yoke, the color in 
this case being the bluet. A very fashionable variety has a cream 
ground with black satin stripes. A Brooklyn dressmaker has just 
finished a charming toilet, snowing this silk in the skirt, with the 
corsage trimmed with black chiffon, having an applique edging of 
creamy lace. As might be expected the dress is very effective. In 
looking at some of these late designs, it would seem as if the sleeves 
spread out a little too far, as if the skirts might be decreased in width 
to advantage, and as if the corsage might be a trifle less elaborate. 

A charming and girlish dinner frock has unique black velvet 
sleeves. They are very large and are pulled up to the shoulder on 
the outside of the arm and arranged there in a high, square bow. 
On the inside of the arm they hang to the elbow in rich folds. From 
the center of the bow a shower of jetted black gauze veils the bare 
arm. The bodice of geranium rose moire silk has a round decolle- 
tage, just showing the base of the throat, and is covered with a blouse 
of jetted gauze, fastened about the waist by a belt of large linked gold 
rings. The skirt contains over a dozen yards of rose silk. Between 
each of the many tube-like folds are bands of embroidery in jet and 
gold. The skirt is edged simply by a rope of black velvet. 

Extremes meet at the matinee, where the picturesqueness of hats 
and coiffures is very apparent. Odd little bonnets mingle with broad 
brims, and the truth is demonstrated that women this winter can 
wear anything on their heads, from absurd little concoctions of lace 
and jet, worn away back on the fluffy hair, to immense shapes loaded 
down with plumes and bows and held in place by the fashionable 
vail. A pair of velvet butterfly wings or a halo band will answer if 
one has a fresh young face and wavy hair. A cleverly trimmed 
medium hat is worn when madame wants to look as young as pos- 
sible, and when is this not the case ? 

A trim street gown is in dark green boucle, the skirt having a band 
of velvet three inches wide up the front and three rows of the velvet 
extending around the skirt. The bodice fastens under the left arm 
and has a girdle of the velvet, with a V of the velvet at the throat, 
and straps over the shoulders. The velvet is a shade darker than the 
gown, and is piece instead of ribbon velvet, being lined with dark 
green satin and stiffened. The hat is dark green felt, with garniture 
of green velvet the same shade as that employed in the dress. 

The first thing one notices in the fancy bodice of the hour is that 
all sleeves droop down and outward, and that there is a growing ten- 
dency to create a slight blouse effect at the waist in front. From the 
throat at times will hang huge collars of lace or velvet, made to flare 
out like a skirt. Another dainty waist of white china silk, scattered 
with the shadowy ghosts of pinks, perhaps, will have square bretelle 
of lace projecting from the armholes over the sleeve tops. 

With a bottle of Ayer's Cherry Pectoral (the unrivaled cough cure) and 
Ayer's Almanac (the best calendar), we wish you a happy New Year. 


Clearapee Sale 





In Every Department. 

See Daily papers for particulars. 


The Model American Caterer. 

1206 SUTTER ST., S. F. Telephone 2388. 





CHAS. A. LATON, Manager. 439 California Street, 8. F. 


William Macdonald, Manager. D. E. Miles, Ass't Manager. 



C APITAL $10,637 ,500. 

Net Surplus Over Liabilities 3,1 16, SOS 

305 Montgomery Street, ------- San Francisco 

Oldest Stock Fire Insurance Company in the U- 8. 



CAPITAL FULLY PAID $3,000,000.00 

Office Pacific Department: 412 California St., S. F. 
JAMES D. BAILEY, General Agent. 

SUN INSURANCE OFFICE, of London. [Founded ad. mo. 

Cash Assets, $10, 270, 535. Oldest purely fire insurance office in the world. 


Established A. L>. 1879. Cash Assets, $1,108,095. 

THE IMPERIAL INSURANCE CO. LTD-, of London m-mute* vm. 

Cash Assets, $9,362,920. 40 years in business on tne Pacific Coast. 

WS. J- LANDERS, fflanaeer for the Pacific Const. 205 SaMoine St., Hear hue. 

January ."i, 189.">. 




AH. be could lift her daioty bat 
And place upon h*r b-rnl 
With easy, graceful manner, that 

All other gallants led; 
Bat he hath tied, in wild dismay i 

Before the cruel fate — 
Pot sweetly dul she a*k, one dny. 
" Are my bloomers put on straight?*' 

— CUiftiiml Plain Dealrr. 
MK.K—See here, I want to change this coat I bought yester- 
day. Mv wife doesn't like it. Coohki HJODKLBERO— Cbaoge dot 
coat ! You must be gra/.y ! Dot's de finest bice uffgoots you etTer 
Tore! 1 tell you That, meine friendt, I'd petter you keep dot coat 
unt go home and change your wife! —Smith, dray « Co.'s monthly* 
Qbbai Novfiist — I fear that our poor Indian charges are becoming 
esa and dissatisfied. "What would yon suggest? Lore Trail 
P»:te— Blue Titriol an' walnut juice, fer a change. Even'n Injun '11 
git tired o' gov'ment whisky after while. —Cleveland Plain Dealer. 

A little girl was overheard talking to her doll, whose arm had 
come off, exposing the sawdust stuffing. " You dear, good, obedient 
dolly. I knew I had told you to chew your food hue, but I didn't 
think you would chew it so tine as that." —Pilot. 

Charley (who is buying a toy for his little nephew)— Aw. isn't the 
paint on this— aw — deleterious to the health? Saleswoman (de- 
murely)— I don't think, sir, that you will find it any more so than 
the varnish on the head of your cane. — New York News. 

She— I need a new dress. He— But you should take the hard 
times into consideration. .She— I have taken them into considera- 
tion ; that's why I haven't said anything as yet about the new bat that 
is to go with the new dress. — Texas Siftings. 

"The world," whispered the comforter, "will throw the broad 
mantle of charity over you." The weary sinner raised her streaming 
eyes in hope. " Can you," she faltered, " make it a close fitting sack: 
with puffed sleeves ? " — Town Topics. 

The bloomer girls who ride the bike 
Can now indulge in smoking, too. 
Since they at last a match can strike 

The same way that their brothers do. — Puck. 
She (at the masquerade) — You say you don't care much about 
talking? He— No. She— And you don't dance ? He— No. She — 
May I ask what your accomplishment is ? He — Certainly. I earn 
my own living. — Detroit Free Press. 

" Why, Mrs. Ballard ! How do you do ? " " Quite well. How 
are you, Mrs. Jones? How did you find me in all the crowd ? " "By 
your bonnet. It's the third winter for it, isn't it ? " 

— New York News. 
" At all events," said the sad-eyed man, " the government doesn't 
tax a man when he takes out a poetic license." " It doesn't? " re- 
joined a fellow bard. " You forget the postage stamps." 

— Washington Star. 

Mr. Hight .the — Are you sure that new coachman you hired is a 
genuine Englishman? Mrs. Hightone— Oh, he must be. He said he 
didn't know one street from another. - — New York Weekly. 

Judge — You robbed your benefactor in a most shameful way. Do 
you feel no compunctions of conscience? Prisoner — Before answer- 
ing, sir, I would like to consult my counsel. — Tit-Bits. 

Fig — What a peculiar man Dunder is. He has a sovereign con- 
tempt for anybody who doesn't know as much as he does. Fog— I 
should think he would. — Exchange. 

Parke — What a terrible thunderstorm we had last night. Lake — 
Did we ? Parke— Great Scott, didn't you hear it ? Lake— No. My 
baby had the colic. — Life* 

" Grandma, may I take that piece of chocolate you left on the 
table ? I will be so good ! " " Yes, you may take it." [The little girl 
does not move). " why don't you go and get it ? " " Oh ! grandma 
dear, I ate it first." 

" How is your wife ? " " Urn, her head has been troubling her a 
good deal this year." " Sick headache? " "Not exactly. She keeps 
wanting a new hat every four weeks." — H Corriere dei Bagni. 

Chief of the hospital staff— How is your patient ? Young 
Doctor — He doesn't seem able to feel anything. Chief— Not paraly- 
sis, I hope. Young Doctor— No, sir; but I had to amputate both his 
arms. ■ — Exchange. 

Dusty Rhodes — A. woman gave me this quarter, and didn't ask 
what I wanted to do with it. Fitz William— Taste it; it must be 
lead. — Kate Field's Washington. 

Mr. Clerker (looking for board)— You set a good table. I s'pose, 
madam ? Landlady— Yes, sir; only last week my fourth floor back 
died of gout. — New York News. 

Grace— Are you sure she loves you ? Dick— Positive. She said 
she would rather have me save my money than buy her a Christmas 
present. — Harlem Life. 

Visitor at the Zoo— It is queer that the elephant is so much afraid 
of mice. Female Companion— He has a good many legs for them to 
run up. Philadelphia Record. 

Jinks — I understand you were pretty well off before you were mar- 
ried. Blinks— Yes ; but I didn't Know it. 

—Smith, Qray & Co.'s Monthly. 

" How does that strike you? " asked the mule, lowering his foot. 
" Forcibly," said the man, crawling off. —Boston Courier. 




Insurance Company, 

CAPITAL. $1,000,000 | ASSETS, $3,000,000, 


V. Varna Orlulelri, Manager far the Pacific count Branch. 

»«o Satuome St., S. F. 

£ffiL'!?iw ' : . ii"o $1,600,000.01 

Inrested in U. S. 664,433. 31 


Agents City Department, 
833 Calif or n la St., S. F. f < a 1 . 



Storage Capacity, 100,000 Tons. Regular Warehouse tax Sail 
Francisco Produce Exchange Call Board. 

_E5 e A e Warehouses are the largest on the Pacific Coast, and ate furnished 
with the latest improvements for the rapid handling and storing of Grain, 
jo™ and smuft Wl? 1 ^ W ' th the be8t " nd D6we8t machinery Joroleanlng 
Money advanced at lowest rates oJ interest on grain stored in Warehouses, 
Insurance effected at lowest rates in First-Class Companies, or Grainsold 
if desired, at current rates. «■■•»» ».«..««ii 

OMce ol the Company, 202 S ansome St., over the Anglo-Calllornli Bank. 


capital ,_. W>700 , W 



No. 316 Calllornli Slreat. 8«n Franclie.. 


OF BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS. Asset! 119,724,638.45. 


HENRY K. FIELD, General Agent, 
Mills Building Montgo mery Street, San Francisco. 



Established 1825. 
Capital, $2,250,000. Total Assets. $6,864,663 66 

United States Department: 204 SANSOME ST., SAN FRANCISCO. 

VOSS, CONRAD A CO., General Managers. 






These three Companies are liable jointly and severally for all Losses that 
may be sustained. 

HARRY W. SYZ, General Agent, 
110 California St., San Fra ncisco, Cal 


• [Established by Royal Charter, 1720. | 


[Established 1886.] 
Office— Northwest corner Sacramento and Montgomery Street. 

GEO. F. GRANT, Manager 



Capital Paid Up * 600,000 

Assets 8,181,768 

Surplus to Policy Holders 1,626,167 


401 Montgomery Street. 
BOYD & DICKSON, S. F. Agents, 

501 Montgomery Street 



(Incorporated A. D., 1799.) 

BUTLER & HALDAN, Gen'l Agents, 

413 California Street, San Francisco 



January 5, 1895. 

Jinks— There goes the smartest man in town. 
Binks— How do you know ? 
Jikks— Why, he admits it himself. 

THE foot-ball seasoD has again closed. After the long trip of 
the Easterners they go back heartbroken because of their two 
defeats, whicb they met at the hands and fists of the Oalifornians. 
The Chicagoans have shown that they know a great deal about 
football. On Christmas day a prettier game of foot-ball could not 
be seen. The Chicago team had some of the finest interference 
that one could expect, but after they played with 8tanford in the 
first game they found out they could not repeat their triumph, and 
the second game at Los Angeles showed that all their fine plays 
availed them nothing, as the Palo Alto boys broke their play. In 
the Reliance game Walton and Clemens kept up tbelr reputation 
for making long runs. The Cbicagos brought out some new tricks, 
whicb the local players will not be long in mastering. It did not 
look as though the Chicago team was composed of ministers, be- 
cause of the continual fighting that was kept up in the New 
Year's game. Nevertheless, everything is excused in love and 

THE Bates & Morse Advertising Agency has been one of the 
leading institutions of 8an Francisco for many years. The 
business, through purchase of the Bates interest, has now passed 
to the sole ownership of Lyman D. Morse, and the name of the 
concern has been changed to the Lyman D. Morse Advertising 
Agency. Mr. Morse baa been the manager and leading spirit of 
the house for fourteen years, and under bis management the 
business has prospered beyond all former experience. 

Journals, ledgers, cash books, 
Vail & Co., 741 Marketstreet. 

and diaries for 1895. Sanborn, 

Somewhere to Dine. 

THERE'S many a man— saint or sinner— 
Who knows not the right place to go 
In search of a lunch or a dinner, 

Not too dear, but yet served comme il faut. 
Now here's the address— read and mark it— 

Where the choice of the best is at hand, 
Stalls 68 and 70, California Market— 
Moragban's Oyster Stand. 

There's no need to look far for the reason 

Why the patronage pays in the pelf, 
For they serve all the good things lu season, 

And the boss runs the business himself! 
And the delicate, succulent oyster 

Is ever in greatest demand 
In that pleasant, convenient cloister, 

Moraghan's Oyster Stand. 

" Californlans " or " Easterns." they all are 

Put up in the daintiest style, 
And it's very well spent is a dollar 

In sampling these bivalves a while; 
For the epicure ne'er finds an oyster 

In any lay-out in the land 
That tempts him to revel and royster 

Like Moraghan's Oyster Stand. 

A lamp with wrong chim- 
ney stinks if it does not 
smoke. Get the "Index to 

Write to Geo A Macbeth 
Co, Pittsburgh, Pa, for it. 

Pearl glass, pearl top, tough 



Paid-up Capital, »1 ,000,000. 

Corner Montgomery and California Streets, San Francisco. 

J. D. FRY, President HENRY WILLIAMS, Vice-President 

J. Dalzell Brown. Secretary and Treasurer. 

This company is authorized by law to act as Executor, Administrator, 
Assignee, Receiver or Trustee . It is a legal depositary for Court and Trust 
Funds. Will take entire charge of Real aud Personal Estates, collecting 
the income and profits, and attending to all such details as an individual 
in like capacity could do. 

ActB as Registrar and Transfer Agent of all Stocks and Bonds. 

Receives deposits subject to check and allows interest at the rate of two 

Eer cent per annum on daily balances. Issues certificates of deposits 
earine fixed rates of interest. 

Receives deposits in its savings department from $1 upwards, and allows 
the usual rate* of interest thereon. 

KENTS SAFES iUBide its burglar-proof vaults at prices from $6 per 
annum upwards, according to size. Valuables of all kinds may be stored 



Corner California and Webb Streets. 

DFPOSITS. June 30, 1894 $24,061,791 27 

GUARANTEE CAPITAL and Surplus 1,627.062 43 

DIRECTORS — Albert Miller, President; E. B. Pond, Vice-President; 
Thomas Magee, G. W.Beaver, Charles Pace, Daniel E. Martin, W. C. B. 
De Fremery, George C. Boardman, J. G. Eastland; Lovell White, Cashier. 

Receives Deposits, aud Loaus only on real estate security. Country re- 
mittances may be sent by Wells, Fargo & Co., or by check of reliable 
parties, payable in San Francisco, but the responsibility of this Savings 
Bank commeuces only with the actual receipt of the money. The signa- 
ture of the depositor should accompany the first deposit. No charge Is 
made for pass book or entrance fee. Office hours— 9 a. h. to S p. h. Satur 
day evenings, 6:30 to 8. 


Authorized Capital . $3,500,000 | Capital Paid Vp . .$2,450,000 

Reserve ... $500,000 

San Francisco Office— 424 CaliforniaSt. London Office— 73 Lombard St., E.C . 
Portland Branch— Chamber of Commerce Building. 
Tacoma Branch— 115b Pacific Ave. 
Manager, ARTHUR SCRIVENER. Assistant Manager, WILLIAM STEEL. 
LONDON BANKERS— Bank of England aud London Joint Stock Bank. 
NEW YORK— u-exel, Morgan & Co BOSTON— Third National Bank. 

This Bank is prepared to transact all kinds of General Banking and Ex- 
change Business in London and San Francisco, and between said cities and 
all parts of the world. 


N. W. Corner SANSOME and 8BTTER. 

Subscribed Capital $2,500,000 | Paid Up Capital. $2,000,000 

Reserve Fund, $800,000. 

Head Office 68 Old Broad Street, London. 

AGENTS— New York— Agency of the London, Paris and American Bank 
Limited, No. 10 Wall street, N. Y. Paris— Messrs. Lazard Freres & Cie, 
17 Boulevard Poissoniere. Draw direct on the principal cities of the world. 
Commercial and Travelers' Credits issue. 

SIG. GREENBAUM.) „„„„„„„ 
C. ALTSCHUL j Managers. 


CAPITAL . $1,250,000 

Successor to Satheb A Co.. Established 1851, San Francisco. 

JAMES K. WILSON . President 

C. F. A. TALBOT, Vice-President. L. I. COWGILL, Cashier 

Directors: E. A. Bruguiere, F. W Sumner, Albert Miller, Wm. P. John- 
son, C. F. A. Talbot, C. 9. Benedict, James K. Wilson. 

Agents: New York— Drexel, Morgan & Co. Boston— Downer & Co. 
Philadelphia— Drexel & Co Chicago— Atlas National Bank. St. Louts— 
The Mechanics' Bank. Kansas City— FirstNational Bank. London— Brown 
Shipley A Co. Paris— Drexel, Harjes & Co. 


Ho. 18 Geary Street, S. F. 

Incorporated November 24, 1869. 

ADOLPH C. WEBER President | ERNST BRAND Secretary 

January . r >, 189* 



Judge— Prisoner, you were caught attempting to force open the 
lower window of a residence in this city at two o'clock this morning. 

Burglar Jim— Well, yer Honor, I belong ter the Society for the 
Prevention of Asphyxiation, and I wanted ter give the inmates a 
little fresh air. See! 


NOT only do our fashionable folk go to England for their stylea 
of garments, bot onr British cousins set the pace in theatri- 
cals, horse shows, and other exhibitions. Many of our traveled 
readers doubtless remember the " Healtheries," or food exhibi- 
tion, held in London a few years since, which created such a stir 
among the upper and middle classes of householders, and which 
was the social fad of the great metropolis for weeks. Latterly, 
the same thing bas been taken up by people of corresponding 
position in New York , Boston, Washington, and Chicago, in which 
cities pure Food Expositions have crowded the large buildings 
where these displays were made. Anything that is fashionable 
and popular in London, New York, or Boston, if it have meiit, is 
sure to become so in San Francisco, and as the California Pure 
Food Exposition, to open in the Mechanics' Pavilion January 2Sth, 
is to be under the management of Mr. F. L. Maguire, who has 
made a success of similar affairs in the -East, there can be no 
question as to its merit, both as an entertainment and as an edu- 
cator in cooking and household economics. In addition to the 
varied display of food products of every kind and description, 
from California and the East, that will be made at this exposition, 
there will be daily lectures on cooking, demonstrations by Mrs. 
Mary J. Lincoln, of Boston. Mrs. Lincoln, whose name is 
familiar to all the good housekeepers in San Francisco, through 
her well-known cook book, is without doubt the leading expert 
in her profession in the United States. As a knowledge of cook- 
ing is dow included in the list of things which a fashionable lady 
should know, Mrs. Lincoln's auditors among this class here will 
probably be as numerous as tbey were in Boston and Chicago 
last autumn. As was the case in the latter cities, Mrs. Lincoln's 
lectures will be given under the patronage of ladies prominent in 
local society, not a few of whom have availed themselves of Mrs. 
Lincoln's knowledge and skill in high art cookery as presented in 
lectures and in articles in the leading household publications. 

A "Very Large Contract. 

The Pabst Brewing Company, of Milwaukee, have recently closed 
with C. E. Raymond, Chicago manager of J. Walter Thompson's 
Advertising Agency, a very large advertising contract, in which they 
propose to spread publicity regarding their goods to every household 
in the country. All the magazines and leading publications of gen- 
eral circulation are to be included in the list, which is likely to be 
supplemented at various points by strong local advertising. The 
contract is one of the largest placed in the West, and opens up a com- 
paratively new line of advertising patronage. 

There is only one thing that can be used as a safe-guard in this 
climate, which is likely to vary wonderfully in the course of a single 
day, as strangers sometimes learn to their cost and discomfort, and 
that is a glass of John F. Cutter Whisky. It stimulates the mind 
and keeps the body warm and comfortable. All connoisseurs use 
the J. F. Cutter Old Bourbon, and recommend it to all who wish 
for a high grade of whisky. E. Martin and Co., 408 Front street, are 
the agents. 



Incorporate J by Royal Charter, 1862. 

CAPITAL Paid Up 13.000.000 


Southeast corner Bush aud dansomc streets. 
HIAU OrFICB Ho i omlmrd Street, London 

Branchks— Victoria, Vancouver, New WeatmltUttr, Kamloops, Nanalmo, 
aud Nelson: British Columbia; Porllaud, Oregon; Seattle aud Tacoma, 

This Bank truuauti n General Banking Business. Accounts opeued sub- 
ject to Check, aud Special Deposits received. Commercial Credits granted 
available in all parts of the world. Approved Bills discounted and ad- 
vances made ou good collateral security. Draws direct at current ratCB 
upon its Head Othcc an J Branches, aud upon Its Agents, as follows: 

New York— Merchants Bank of Canada; Chicago— First National Bank; 
Liverpool— North and South Wales Bank; Scotland— British Linen Com- 
pany; Ireland— Bauk of Ireland; Mexico— London Bank of Mexico: 
South America— London Bank of Mexico and South America; China and 
Japan— Chartered Bank of India, Australia and China; Australia and 
New Zealand— Bauk of Australasia and Commercial Banking Company 
of Sydney. Ld. ; Desierara and Trinidad (West Indies)— Colonial Bank. 


CAPITAL $3,000,000 00 

SURPLUS and Undivided Profits (October 1, 1894) 3,158,129 70 


Charles R. Bishop, Vico-PreBident Allen M. clay. Secretary 
S. Prentiss Smith, AsB't Cashier, I. F. Moulton, 2d Ass't Cashier. 


New York— Messrs. Laidlaw &, Co; The Bank of New York, N. B. A. 
Boston— Tremont National Bauk; London— Messrs. N. M. Rothschild & 
Sons; Paris— Messrs. De Rothschild Freres; Virginia City (Nev)— Agency 
of The Bank of California; Chicago— Union National Bank, and Illinois 
Trust and Savings Bank; Australia and New Zealand— Bank of New 
Zealand; China, Japan and India- Chartered Bank of India, Australia 
and China St. Louis— Boatmen's Bank 

Letters of Credit issued available in all parts of the world. 

Draws Direct on New York, Boston, Chicago, St. Louis, Salt Lake, 
Denver, Kansas City, New Orleans, Portland, Or., Los Angeles, and on 
London, Paris, Berlin, Bremen, Hamburg, Fraukfort-ou-Main, Copenhagen, 
Stockholm, Christiania, Melbourne, Syndey, Auckland, Hongkong, Shang- 
hai, Yokohama, Genoa, and all cities in Italy. 


33 Post Street, below Kearny Mechanic*' Institute Building 



JAMES G. FAIR President 

JAMES D. PHELAN, S G MURPHY Vice-Presidents 

Directors— James G. Fair, L P. Drexler, John A. Hooper, C. G. Hooker, 
James D. Phelan, James Moffitt, S G. Murphy, Frank J. Sullivan, and 
Robert McElroy. 

Interest paid on Term and Ordinary Deposits. Loans on Approved se- 
curities. GEO. A. STORY, Cashier. 

Deposits may be sent by postal order, Wells, Fargo <fc Co., or Exchange 
on City Banks. When opening accounts send signature- 



Guaranteed Capital and Reserve Fund $1,850,000 OO 

Deposits January 2, 1894 29,429,217 09 

OFFICERS— President, Edward Kruse; Vice-President, B A. Becker; 
Second Vice-President, George H. Eggers; Cashier, A. H. R. Schmidt; As- 
sistant Cashier, Wm. Herrmann; Secretary, George Tourney; Assistant 
Secretary, A. H. Muller. 

BOARD OF DIRECTORS— Edward Kruse, George H. Eggers, O. Schoe- 
mann, A. C. Heineken, H. Horstmann, B. A. Becker, H. L. Simon, Ign. 
Steinhart, Daniel Meyer. Attorney, W. S. Goodfellow. 


N. E. Corner Pine and Sansome Streets. 

Capital Authorized $6,000,000 1 Paid up $1,500,000 

Subscribed 3,000,000 | Reserve Fund 700,000 

Head Office— 18 Austin Friars, London, E. C: 
Agents at New York— J. & W. Seligman & Co., 21 Broad street. 
The Bank transacts a general banking business, sells drafts, makes tele- 
graphic transfers, and issues letters of credit available throughout the 
world. Sends bills for collection, loans money, buys and sells exchange 
and bullion. IGN. STEINHART ) ^ ana „ arB 

P. N. LILIENTHAL, I Managers 


> . E. Comer Sansome and Sutter Streets. 

Casli Capital and Surplus $6,250,000 00 

John J. Valentine President I Homer S. King Manager 

H. Wadsworth Cashier | F. L. Lipman Assistant Cashier 

N. Y. City, H. B. PARSONS, Cashier. | Salt Lake City, J. E . DOOLY, Cashier 

John J. Valentine, Benj. P. Cheney, Oliver Eldridge, Henry E. Hunting- 
ton, Homer S. King, Geo. E. Gray, John J. McCook, Charles F. Crocker, 
Dudley Evans. 


Corner Market, Montgomery and Post Streets. 

PAID-UP CAPITAL $1,000,000. 


WM. H. CROCKER President 

W. E. BROWN Vice president 

GEO. W. KLINE ■ . .Cashier 



Wm. Alvord Jerome Lincoln 

Wm. Babcock 
Adam Grant 

O. D. Baldwin 
W. S. Jones 

H. H. Hewlett 
A. K. P. Harmon 
J. B. Randol. 



January 5, 1895. 


THE New York World calls Lorillard Kip, 
of that city, (grandson of the late Wil- 
liam Ingraham Kip, Bishop of California), 
a "great artist," because he is the best 
dressed man in New York. It is interest- 
ing to know that this great artist has all 
his clothes made in New York after the 
best English styles. For his high hats and 
boots, however, he has to depend upon 
England, where he keeps his block and 

Cariously enough, he never varies the 
style of bis hats. They are short and have 

Lorillttrd Kip. 
very broad crowns and very wide brims. 
The prevailing fashion is for hats some- 
what like this, bat Mr. Kip has affected 
the same shape year in and year oat, re- 
gardless of the fashions of ordinary people. 
His crush hats are also of this shape. 
He has about half a dozen silk hate, and 
he never wears one that is not freshly 
ironed. A well-ironed bat has a glow that 
is more highly valued than the erode 
sbininess of a perfectly new one His hard 
felt hats are always black. 

Mr. Kip acquires at least four frock 
coats in a season. The ones be now wears 
are of rough, soft material, with three but- 
tons. The collar is broad and cut low at 
the back to show plenty of white collar. 

Mr. Kip's frock coat does Dot reach be- 
low his knees. The absurd fashion of 
making a frock coat reach half way down 
the shins has been relegated to second-rate 
London swells and their misguided Ameri- 
can imitators. 

It is probable that Mr. Kip never 
changes his clothes more than three times 
a day. Every time he takes them off they 
are pressed by his valet. Consequently 
their outlines are always the same. Ordi- 
nary men have their coat sleeves made a 
little longer than is at first necessary, be- 
cause they grow shorter with use, but Mr. 
Kip can have his made the proper length, 
because continual pressing keeps them 
from growing shorter. 

He is never seen in a pair of trousers 
whose shape is impaired by the action of 
the knees. He changes them so frequently 
as to give the impression of having a new 
pair every day. 

Quietness is essential to distinction in 
modern dress. Mr. Kip appreciates this 
fact. He avoids all those extremes in 
fashion which quickly fall into disrepute. 
For a heavy overcoat be wears a box coat 
of blue box clotb, with a single breast and 
a broad velvet collar. He rarely wears a 
paddock coat, and only on proper occa- 
sions, that is, when be goes in the country 
or to the races, and when it rains. Tbe 
short, light overcoat, or covert coat, should 
only be worn on such occasions or when 
one is riding. To wear a silk hat with 
one is an enormity. 

Twenty-five or thirty suits of colored 
material, some with sack and some with 

cutaway coats, are added to this ward- 
robe in a season. He favors small brown 
checks. The cutaway coats have slant- 
ing flaps to tbe pockets. They are cut 
full in front, with not very long tails. Tbe 
long, sharp-tailed cutaway coat is offen- 

His dress coat has a collar like that of 
a frock coat, faced entirely with silk. The 
waistcoat is trimmed with silk cord. It 
is cut as open as possible. A silk stripe 
runs down each seam of the trousers. 
About four dress suits and three tailless 
dress coats suffice Mr. Kip for a season. 

His white dress waistcoats are very 
beautiful. They are double-breasted, the 
two lines of buttons converging toward 
the bottom of tbe waistcoat. 

He usually wears a delicately tinted 
coloiedsbirt up to 1 p. m , then a white 
one for the afternoon, and another for the 
evening. Tbe colored shirt ia never heav- 
ily striped, or of a crude red or blue; the 
collar is always white. The collars and 
cuffs are made on tbe shirt. The collar 
stands up all round, being higher in front, 
where it sustains the chin. It is slightly 
bent forward, and one end overlaps tbe 
other. A man could hardly dress lik* 
Mr. Kip on less than twenty-four shirts a 

His abstention from jewelry is admira- 
ble. His scarfpin is usually a single 
pearl, and never more conspicuous than a 
small gold horseshoe. His watebchaiu is 
attached to a trouser button and leads 
down to tbe right trouser pocket, where tbe 
watch is kept, according to the most ap- 
proved English custom. Tbe key chain is 
not worn by Mr. Kip or by other rep- 
utable authorities on dress. 

His scarf is usually a black sailor's 
knot, called in American shops four-in- 
hand. Black scarfs should have some 
pattern in them. Shiny black satin is 
commonplace, if not worse. Mr. Kip's 
scarfs are tied with consummate art. Tbe 
knot is very tight and roand and tbe 
ends spread out slightly. His Ascot 
scarfs are equally charming. 

The things which this artist in dressing 
does not do show his skill as much as the 
things which he does. Many men need 
to learn what not to wear rather than 
what to wear. If they can not be quiet 
and decent they can hardly hope to be 
honorably distinguished. 

Mam's unbappiness comes of his great- 
ness; it is because there is an infinite in 
him, which, with all his cunning, he can 
not quite bury under the finite. — Carlyle. 

Coughs and Colds, 

Sore Throat, Bronchitis, Weak Lungs, General Debility and 
all forms of Emaciation are speedily cured by 

Scott's Emulsion 

Consumptives always find great relief by taking it, and 
consumption is often cured. No other nourishment restores 
strength so quickly and effectively. 

Weak Babies and Thin Children 

are made strong and robust by Scott's Emulsion when other 
forms of food seem to do them no good whatever. 

The only genuine Scott's Emulsion is put up in salmon- 
colored wrapper. Refuse cheap substitutes! 

Send for pamphlet on Scott s Emulsion. FREE. 
Scott <fc Bowne, N. Y. All Druggists. 50 cents and $1. 

Distuledand Settled by \ \ *V U> 


WalKei^ille , Canada. V 


The age and genuineness of this whisky are guaranteed by the Excise Department 
of the Canadian Government by certificate over the capsule of every bottle. From the 
moment of manufacture until this certificate is affixed, the whisky never leaves the custody 
of the Excise officers. No other Government in the world provides for consumers this in- 
dependent and absolute guarantee of purity and ripeness. " CANADIAN CLUB " whisky 
is particularly adapted for medicinal use. 

For sale by all first-class Grocers, Druggists, and Dealers. SELLING AGENTS: 

William Wolff & Co. - - San Francisco, Cal. 

January 5, 1895 . 




TBOMAfl MA' KK of thi* city, twIUr known »l lirge »s ft re*l 
ealftt* factor than is • student tnd philosopher, has produced 
lbre« aaaaja which are muterpiecea of scholarship, analysis, and 
deduction. They have just been published in a stogie volume by 
Doxey. and bear the titles, -■ The Alphabet and Laneuave," » Im- 
mortality of the Big Trees." and •• Wealth and Poverty of the 
Chicago Exposition." The first of these discloses the bookworm 
of infinite patience and wise discernment, the second shows us 
the thoughtful lover and student of nature, and the third is a 
bold invasion of the sacred ground of art and an analysis of its 
transformation into utilitarianism. Thns, they are vastly differ- 
ent each from the others, and it is no wonder that in the preface 
the author begs conscientious readers to regard bis remarks as in- 
vitations to study the things which he suggests. A refreshingly 
pleasing feature of tbem all is the straight-forward, perspicuous, 
and forcible English in which they are written. 

Tbe essay on " The Alphabet and Language " is the one upon 
which tbe most work has been expended. It traces the origin of 
written language from its pictorial expression of physical things 
to its ultimate refinement by the elaboration of abstract ideas. He 
sbows that we may judge character better by words than looks, 
and that speech is debased when dishonestly employed. Tbe dis- 
semination and perpetuity of language, too, depend upon tbe con- 
quering force of its users, and from tbis and the fact of tbe in- 
creasing directness and loss of inflections in the English language 
(which approaches the perfection of the Chinese in those regard.*-) 
English will probably become tbe universal language of the fu- 
ture. Primitive as is the language of China, the extent of the 
literature of that country is wonderful. He lays stress on tbe 
tact that the best and most enduring language is that which has 
come directly from the people. "The language of Luther, of 
the English Bible, and of Shakespeare, was in each case a lan- 
guage that the unlearned used and could understand." Here is 
one striking observation: 

" The highest and best meaning of words is not found in diction- 
aries, where the words are disconnected, but in the best authors, 
who. by the exercise of one of the highest gifts of genius, place words 
in such living and happy combination that, married in sentences, 
they produce mental pictures from which are derived at once the 
greatest mental profit and the highest mental pleasure." 

Tbe meaning of the phrase, Vox populi vox Dei, is explained in 
the argument that the people speak in the language of nature, 
which is God. A sense of personal freedom enlarges the spirit 
and with it its forms of expression; contrariwise, oppression im- 
poverishes speech by impairing the conscience. " The Russians 
of to-day are a naticn of shameless liars, because they are 
cowed by despotism." Language always conforms to tbe insti- 
tutions of the country in which it is spoken. All European lan- 
guages have sprung from the Aryan. This word is from ar, which 
means to plow. <>An agricultural people were superior to those 
who lived by pastoral pursuits or by hnnting." A curious thing 
which the autuor points out is this : 

" Missionary labors have shown that the heathen nations cannot 
be converted until their language has undergone moral re-creation. 
Where there are no words expressive of purity, morality, truth, 
honesty, candor, and good faith — where, in fact, spirituality is want- 
ing in a language— how can the people who' sneak it be elevated to 
Christianity or be converted to its pure and high, tenets? Here, per- 
haps, is best seen the truth of the [author's] assertion that the lan- 
guage is the people." 

" The Immortality of tbe Big Trees," after tracing the glacial 
transferrence of these conifersa of California from tbe Arctic re- 
gions to their present habitat, makes the striking point that even 
tbe oldest of them, four thousand years of age, show no signs of 
natural approach of death, and that there is apparent reason for 
assuming that if they did not suffer violence they would live as 
long as terrestrial conditions would permit. There are some ar- 
guments, based on climatic and thermal incidents, which he em- 
ploys to explain their gigantic size, but these cannot be accepted 
by all readers as having a general application. An eloquent part 
of this essay is its arraignment of commercial greed and Govern- 
ment neglect which lead to devastating fires set by sheepherders 
and to voracious sawmills. 

" Wealth and Poverty of the Chicago Exposition" is a peculiar 
and original argument, which may be expressed succinctly, bow- 
ever imperfectly, thns: The genius of the ages having brought to 
tbe highest possible perfection certain things which we term the 
fine arts, including literature, painting and sculpture, the desire 
for original artistic expression has developed upon utilitarian 
lines, producing wonderful resultB in ameliorating the hardships 
and augmenting the pleasures of life, and none the leas noble for 
being useful. Mr. Magee's argument on this subject is so richly 
illustrated and strongly supported that nothing but a reading of 
it can give a proper idea of its scope. 

Notice of Removal. 
The Union Trust Company of San Francisco has removed to its 
new building, corner of Market, Montgomery, and Post streets. This 
company transacts a savings, trust, banking, and safe deposit busi- 
ness. Its fire and burglar proof vaults are of the most modern and 
best approved construction. Kent of safes from $4 to $100 per an- 
num. Inspection solicited. 



The new vegetable shortening. 
It meets the most exacting re- 
quirements, and is beside entirely 
teristics of lard, long known and 
long suffered. Now deliverance 
has come. With Cottolene, good 
cocking, good food and good 
health are all assured. 
But you must be sure you get 

<Mut refuse 

all counterfeits 

^■■B OMBaBBBaana mtmt 

Beware of imitations made to sell 
on the merits and popularity of 


Refuse them all, and your grocer 
will then understand that you 
know exactly what you want. 
This will bring you satisfaction 
and save you disappointment.; 

Sold In 3 and S pound plus. 

Hade only by 



ST. LOOTS and 

Chicago, New YorB» 


City Index and Purchaser's Guide. 

FRANK KENNEDY, law Office, 66 Murphy Bldg., 1236 Market St. 

CANDIES put up tor shipment at ROBERTS', Polk and Bush streets 

K CUTLAR, 416 Geary street. 

KELLY'S CORN CERE, 25c. Drugs at wholesale, 102 Eddy street. 

EVANS' POISON OAK SPECIFIC. Positive cure. Sold by all drug- 

THE WONDER Hat, glower and Feather Store, 1024-1028 Marketstreet. 
FR ANCO-AMERICAN Bestanrant-621 Montgomery St. V. Hitte. 


REPAIRING DONE while you wait at POLLOCK'S, 202 Powell street. 

JOHN A. BENSON, Engineer. Dealer in Land Scrip. 430 Kearny St. 

For automlzation purposes. 

THE CLEVELAND FAUCET CO., 208 Ellis street 



Send Stamps , 
For catalogue* 


739 Market St., S F. 



January 5, 1895. 

CONTRARY to the experience of several years past, Christmas 
week this season proved a gay one, for as a general thing it 
is more given up to small home affairs than large gatherings. For 
two leading events of the week, society can thank the soldier boys, 
although the reception in honor of General Forsythe, which took 
place at the Presidio on Wednesday, was almost entirely confined to 
the officers of the army who are stationed in the vicinity of San 
Francisco, and their families, and was a most pleasant affair. The 
largest gathering which has taken place at that post this winter was 
the ball on Friday night in honor of Admiral Beardslee and the offi- 
cers of the flagship Philadelphia, which proved to be the crowning 
triumph of the season thus far. The scene was brilliant in the ex- 
treme from the combined effect of flags aad flowers, gold lace and 
showy toilettes, the hop-room at the Presidio, where it was held, 
having been most tastefully decorated for the occasion. The recep- 
tion-room was brilliant with color and warmth, and the ballroom 
itself was a marvel of beauty, eliciting exclamations of delight and 
admiration from the guests as they entered. Cannons draped in the 
starry flag and wreathed with feathery smilax, streamers of red and 
yellow, crossed sabres and small arms flanked by ropes of greens and 
great bunches of flowers, were most artistically used to beautify the 
scene, while the fragrance of the flowers made a most delicious 
aroma. The officers of both army and navy were in full uniform, 
thus adding their quota to the brightness of all around. General 
and Mrs. Graham, surrounded by the post officers and their wives, 
received the guests, and when Admiral Beardslee and his staff, 
and the officers of the Philadelphia, Mohican, and Ranger entered the 
ballroom the band of the Fifth Artillery, which was ensconced in a 
perfect bower of verdure, struck up " Hail to the Chief," after which 
the ball opened. Dancing began and was continued until supper was 
served. The good old custom of toasting was indulged in by the Ad- 
miral and General, amid a feeling of good will and merriment on all 
sides. After supper dancing was resumed and was kept up until a 
late hour, and when adieux were said, our pretty buds were unani- 
mous in declaring it "the loveliest dance of their lives." 

Among other pleasant affairs of Christmas week were the lunch- 
eons given by Mrs. E. B.Spaulding, Mrs. PaulJarboe's theatre party 
and supper in compliment to Miss Ida Irwin of Chicago, Mrs. Frank 
Pixley's Christmas tree dance, and the tea given by Miss Carrie 
Taylor in honor of the recently arrived Miss Pope. 

The present week opened with a tea at the Dimond residence on 
Washington street, which Mrs. Paul Jarboe gave on Sunday afternoon 
to enable her guest, Miss Irwin, who will soon be returning to Chicago, 
to meet the numerous friends she has made during her visit to San 
Francisco. It was Mrs. Hager who set the fashion of Sunday teas, 
and rarely a week has passed since the season opened that one or 
more has not been given; as a rule they are what are termed "in- 
formal " gatherings, but the tea at Mrs. Jarboe's can take rank with 
almost any other of the past month, there being pretty floral decora- 
tions, orchestral music, refreshments, and a large number of guests, 
principally young people, and for a change the male element was 
largely in the majority. 

Dinners were numerous on Monday evening, the several parties 
afterwards betaking themselves to hunt's Hall, where the Monday 
Evening Club danced the old year out and the New Year in. Mirth 
and jollity prevailed at the different club rooms also, dancing and 
feasting being the leading features at the San Francisco Verein and 
the Concordia Clubs, each of which gave a brilliant ball. New Year 
calls were more honored in the breach this year than ever before, but 
the clubs kept open house and at some of them large receptions were 
held, as for instance at the Press Club and at the new Young Men's 
Christian Association Hall, and the Reliance Athletic Club gave a 
banquet in the Maple Room of the Palace in honor of their Chicago 

Mrs. Breeze gave a very pleasant tea on Wednesday; on Thursday 
a small reception on board the t'.S. S. Philadelphia, the guests mostly 
composed of the season's debutantes, was a delightful affair, and on 
Thursday evening the Terpsichore Club had a dance, Mr. Greenway 
leading the cotillion, which was the feature of the evening's pleasure. 
A tea at Mrs. A. J. Bowie's, a dance at Mrs. J. O' B. Gunn's, dinners, 
theatre parties, and several deferred Christmas tree gatherings have 
otherwise served pleasantly to fill up the week, and last night the 
third of the Friday Night Cotillion Club dances took place at Odd 
Fellows' Hall, Miss Ella Hobart being the partner selected by Mr. 
Greenway on this occasion to assist him in leading the german. The 
Maple Room of the Palace Hotel was also the scene last evening of a 
pretty cotillion, which was given by the dancing club under the di- 
rection of Leonard Everett. To-day there will be a tea given by Mrs. 
T. C. Van Ness at her residence, on Taylor street, and this evening a 
blue and pink domino party at the Triest residence on Sutter street. 

Awarded Highest Honors World's Fair. 



The only Pur<» Cream of tartar Powder.— No ammonia; No Alma 
Used in Millions of Homes — 40 years the Standard. 

There have been several pink and white weddings this season in 
San Francisco society circles, and not the least pretty of them was 
the wedding of that nomenclature which was celebrated in the pres- 
ence of a limited number of friends on New Year's Eve, at the 
McDonald residence, on Scott street, when Miss Hilda McDonald 
and Duke Baxter were the bride and groom. The rooms were taste- 
fully dressed with palms, ferns, smilax, and La France roses, and the 
large bow window of the front parlor was arranged as a bower 
wherein the nuptial ceremony was performed by the Rev. Mr. Walk, 
of Trinity Church. The bride, who was given away by her father, 
was exquisitely gowned in white moire, draped with rare old lace; a 
cluster of orange blossoms confined her fleecy tulle veil to her 
coiffure, while her hand bouquet was of bridal roses. Miss Fanny 
Grant, who was maid-of-honor, wore pink satin combined with 
white chiffon, and carried a bouquet of La France roses. W. T. 
Clark, of New York, officiated as the groom's best man. Following 
the congratulations came supper, during which the Huber orchestra 
performed a pretty selection of airs, and then an inspection of the 
presents, which were numerous, handsome and valuable. Mr. and 
Mrs. Baxter are spending their honeymoon in Southern California. 

On Wednesday evening of this week St. Luke's Church, on Van 
Ness avenue, was the scene of another pretty wedding, when Miss 
Cora Caduc and Dr. H. de Marville were the contracting parties. 
There was very little needed in the way of decorations, the Christ- 
mas dressing of the church making the interior look warm and beau- 
tiful to the eye, but chrysanthemums, ferns and La France roses 
were used artistically in addition to the dark green foliage and red 
berries already in place, and the general effect was most pleasing. 
The church was crowded with guests before the bridal party arrived, 
which it did on time, and entered to the strains of the Lohengrin 
chorus, the ushers, Messrs. Hall, Pennie, Swyney and Bocqueraz, 
leading. Then followed Miss Benke, the maid of honor, who wore a 
lovely gown of pink silk trimmed wilh lace and fur, and carried a 
bouquet of La France rosea. After her came the lovely bride, and 
her father, who gave her away. The bridal robe was an exquisite 
creation of the modiste's art; it was of white moire, made with a 
court train and trimmed with duchesse lace and orange blossoms; 
the same fragrant blossoms were worn in the hair ; a long tulle veil en- 
tirely enveloped her figure. Diamonds and pearls were the bridal 
ornaments, and the hand bouquet was ot Mermet roses. At the 
altar the groom, Dr. de Marville, and his best man. Dr. Lorini, 
awaited the party, and here Reverend Dr. Lathrop, of Oakland, as- 
sisted by Reverend W. H. Morelaud, tied the nuptial knot. After 
the ceremony a small reception was held at the residence of the 
bride's sister, Mrs. H. Alston Williams, on Devisadero street, which 
was charmingly decorated with flowers and foliage, and a delicious 
supper was served. 


Three kinds, all of equal excellence: 

Carte Blanche, a Rich wine 
Grand Vin Sec, a Dry wine. 

Brut, An Exceedingly Dry Wine. 

rue Highest Grade In the World. 

JTj^*U6ed by all the Leading Clubs, Hotels, and Restaurants, and may 
be ihad of all First-Class Grocers and Wine Merchants 


124 Sansome St. 


January ">. 189">. 



From abroad has corns the intelligence of the betrothal o( one o( 
( ilifornia's native v.ns. Or. George Henrv Sultall. to a (air German 
'imidcben. the Kraulein Paula Von <>ertxen. ot Mccklcnherg. Ber- 
lin will be the future home of the young iloctor and hi< bride, where 
be holds the appointment of Professor in one of the univer>ities. 

Knday continue* to be a favorite one in fashionable circles for 
dances and social gatherings. That evening has been ohown by 
Mr<. Thomas for a ball at her borne on Pacific avenue, which will 
lake place on the lllb. The indications are that the ball to be given 
in the Maple Room of the Palace Hotel on Monday evening next 
will be a success in every way ; the attendance promises to be very 
large, and every preparation will be made to insure the guests hav- 
ing a pleasant time. Next on the programme for "Little .lint" will 
be the concert which the Saturday Morning Orchestra will give at 
the Auditorium on the 16th, which Scheel will direct. 

On Tuesday last the Charity Art Exhibition opened its doors in the 
• >:d < hristian Association building, on Sutter street, and the excel- 
lence of the "show." combined with the popularity of the beneficiary 
:ihe Maria Kip Orphanage), ensures its being a success as well as a 
favorite dropping-in place while it remains open, which will be dur- 
ing the month of January. 

Mrs. and Miss Kyre have joined the ranks of "receivers during 
January, as they will be at home on Mondays of this month in their 
apartments at the Palace Hotel. 

Among recently returned absentees are Mrs. Folger, her son, and 
her son-in-law and daughter, Mr. and Mrs. he Grand Tibbets, who 
have spent the greater part of the past year doing Europe, and are 
now at home again in Oakland. Ward McAllister will before long be 
with us again from his visit East. Miss Beltie Ashe is looked for 
next week. Mrs. Oelrichs and Miss Fair are again in San Francisco, 
and the sad cause of their present visit has not diminished the pleas- 
ure of their friends here at seeing them so unexpectedly, as they are 
always welcomed with enthusiasm. 

Already announcements are being made of intending departures 
Eastward and for Europe, the early spring always being a favorite 
time for our fashionables to take flight. Among the earliest to leave 
will be Mrs. D. D. Colton and her daughter, Mrs. McLane Martin, 
who have of late years resided so much abroad that they have come 
to prefer life there to existence in California. Mr. and Mrs. L. R. 
Tuttle have already taken a flyer to the Antipodes, expecting to re- 
turn before the spring has waned. Mrs. J. D. Yost and Miss Mabel 
leave to-day for New York, and the steamer China will carry away 
young Charley Felton and George Nash for a trip to the seat of war 
in the Orient. 

Mr. and Mr. Frank Newlands are occupying their residence in 
Washington City. Mr. and Mrs. Schwan (nee Demming) reached 
New York on their wedding trip in time to take in a part of the 
blizzard which recently made that metropolis so unacceptable a place 
of residence to Californians. 

An elaborate dinner was given at the Hotel Richelieu on New 
Year's night. The guests having been given the privilege by Mrs. 
Levy of inviting their friends, responded so liberally that the private 
dining-room was called into use, and after the delicious menu had 
been discussed the tables were removed and dancing was indulged in 
for several hours. 

Wednesday was ladies' day at the Bohemian Club, and the rooms 
were crowded during the afternoon hours, the callers being made 
most welcome by the members, who did all in their power to make 
them feel at home. 

The committees in charge of the Cotillion Club's charity ball, to 
be given at the Palace Hotel Monday evening, January 7th, are as 
follows: C. T. Ryland, Jr., floor manager; Will E. Fisher, H. B. 
Soltan, J. C. Batetnan, Frank E. Webb, J. F. Twist, B. Frank Priest, 
W. H. Chambliss. Lieutenant T. S. Phelps, Lieutenant Frank A. 
Brooks, J. A. Christie, C. W. Spalding, H. B. Holmgren, E. A. 
Man tell. The committees will be assisted by a number of ladies. 

Thomas P. Burns, cashier of the United States Sub-Treasury, has 
been overwhelmed with congratulations by reason of his marriage to 
Mrs. Maud E. Beardsley. 

J. L. Edmundson, proprietor of the Banning Herald, is on a visit 
to bis parents at Hawkinsville, Kentucky, after an absence of eight 

Marriage is usually a failure when the man thinks he is marrying 
an angel, and the woman believes she is wedding a novelist's hero. 

— Chelsea Free Lance. 
Her Mother— Don't you find Jack Wheeler rather rough, Pris- 
cilla? Priscili.a — Yes, mamma. And yet he says he shaves every 
day. — Chelsea Free Lance. 

Mrs, Binks (reading) — Women can endure pain better than men. 
Mr. Binks— Who says that— a doctor or a shoemaker? 

—New York Weekly. 

By removing causes of irritation, and by preserving a healthy 
state of the system during infancy, Stceduian's Soothing Powders 
made their reputation. 

Fair.M' If vtmr washerwoman charges by the piece it must be 
rather expensive. Yoos Oh, no. Site loeea so many 

things that her bills nrc never high. — AVii Fort Wreklv. ' 

Dtid whiskers are like hypoorisy. 

They never fool but one per- 
— finm', flora. 

A cnivu.i-i aaked an African if he had found the I,ord. "Golly," 
said the darky, " am de Lord lost ? " —Ptrk'r Am. 

1'MtKi - Hltilicr has the best poker outfit I ever saw. I. am What 
d<n~ i! consist of ? I' uou: Ten-dollar bills. Viru York Sun. 

F\Timt-i>-Luv — 1 am ruined: all is lost! Sos-in-Law— Ahem I 
Then I married for love, after all ! — Er. 






" Thk California Hotel" is admittedly the 
most comfortable and homelike down-town hotel 
in ihe city. It is luxuriously furnished, and all 
its appointments are in keeping. Polite attention 
and uniform courtesy is extended to all guests. 
A feature of the California is the American plan 
dining room on the top floor. The California 
Hotel ia absolutely fireproof. 

American Plan, front $3 par day/ 
European Plan, from Si per day) 


I^ieb/TtOtyd I^an^es. 

Stoves and Ranges from 
Wholesale and retail. 

5ebuster Bros. 

306 5utter Street. 

Agents Wanted in Every City. 
Send for Catalogue. 



The publisher calls special attention to this book, just 
issued. It has been most favorably noticed by the press. 
I; treats of some of the mo-t important subjects up> n 
which the student can occupy his mil. d . Price, in paper, 
50c. ; in cloth, 75c. ; in leather, $1. 

WM. DOXEY, Publisher, 

631 Market Street, Under Palace Hotel. 


Sierra Nevada Silver Mining Company, 
The regular annual meeting of the stockholders of the Sierra Nevada 
Silver Mining Company will be held at the office of the company, 
room 15, Nevada Block, 309 Montgomery street, San iTrauciaco, Cal., on 

Wednesday, the 1 6th Day of January, 1 895, at the hour of 1 o'clock P. M ., 
For the purpose of ejecting a Board of Trustees to serve for the ensuing 
year and the transaction of such other business as may come before the 

"Transfer books will close on Saturday, January 12, 1895. at 12 o'clock m, 

E. L. PARKER, Secretary 
Office— Room 15, Nevada Block, 309 Montgomery street, San Francisco, 
California. _ 


Bullion Mining Company. 

The regular annual meeting of the stockholders of the Bullion Mining 
ing Company will be held at the office of the company, room 20, 331 Pine 
Street, San Francisco, Cal., on 

Thursday, the 10th Day ot January. 1895. at the hour of 1 o'clock P. M., 
for the purpose of electing a Board of Directors to serve for the ensuing 
year and the transaction of such other business as may come before the 
meeting. Transfer books will close on MONDW. January 7, 1895, at 
8p m . K. R. GRAYSON, Secretary. 

office— Room SO, 881 Pine street, San Fra-clsco, Cal . 



January 5, 1895 . 



Trams Leave and are Due to Arrive at 


Leave I From Dec. 20. 1894. I abmve 

7 00 A Atlantic Express, Ogden and East 6:45 A 
7 00 A Benicla, Vacavllle, Rumsey, Sac- 
ramento, and Bedding, via Davis 7:15 P 
7:80 A Martinez, Napa, Callstoga and 

•SantaRosa 6:15 P 

8:80 a Niles, San Jose, Stockton, lone, 
Sacramento, MaryBvllle, Red Bluff 

and'Oroville 4:15p 

•R-30A Peters and Milton ... ... *7:15p 

5900a " Sunset Limited," Vestibuled 

Train through to New Orleans. . . 11:45 p 
9:00 a New Orleans Express, 'Raymond, 
Santa Barbara, Los Angeles, Dom- 
ing, El Paso, New Orleans and 

East 5:46P 

900 a Martinez and Stockton 10:45 a 

1-00 p Nlles, San Jose and Livermore — *8:45 A 
. ., Niles, San Jose and Livermore... 111:45a 

n-00 p Sacramento River steamers *9:00 p 

+180 p. Martinez and Way Stations ... +7.45 p. 
4-00 p Martinez. San Ramon, Vallejo, 
Napa, Callstoga, El Verano, and 

SantaRosa 9:15a. 

4:00 p. Benicla, Vacavllle, Woodland, 
Knight's Landing, Marysville, 

Oroville and Sacramento 10:45a 

4:30 r. Niles, San Jose, Livermore, 

and Stockton ■ 7:16r 

6:00p. Los Angeles Express, Fresno, 
Bakersfle'.d, Santa Barbara and 

Los Angeles 10:45a. 

6 -00 P. Santa Fe Route, Atlantic Express, 

for Mo]ave and East 10:46 a. 

6:00 p European Mail, Ogden and East. . 9:45a 
6:00 p. Hay-wards, Niles and San Jose.. 7:45A. 

(7:00 p. Vallejo . +7:45 p. 

7:00 p. Oregon Express. Sacramento, 
Marysville, Redding, Portland, 

Puget Sound and East 10:45A 

SanU Cruz Division (Narrow Gauge). 

8:16A. Newark. Centervllle, San Jose, 
Felton, Boulder Creek, Santa 

Cruz and way stations 5 5)p. 

•2:15 p Newark, Centervllle, San Jose, New 
Almaden, Felton, Boulder Creek, 
Santa Cruz, and principal way 

stations *U:20a 

t :16 p. Newark, SanJose, Los Gatos.. 9:60a. 
+11:45p. Hunters' train for Newark, Al- 
vlso, San Jose, Los Gatos, and 

way stations 1 8 :05 p 

Coait"Dlvi«lonTtMrd aid Townsend Streets). 
6:45 A. San Jose, New Almaden and Way 

Stations 1:45 p. 

8:16 A. San Jose, TresPinos, Santa Crai, 
Pacific Grove. Paso Robles, San 
San Luis Obispo and principal 

WayStations 7.05P. 

10:40a. San Jose, and Way Stations 5:06 p. 

11:45 a. Palo Alto and Way Stations.. 3:30 p. 
•2:20p. San Jose, Gilroy, Tres Pinos, 
Santa Cruz, Salinas, Monterey, 

PaclflcGrove *10:40a. 

*3:80 p. San Jose and Principal Way Sta- 
tions 9:47A. 

•4:26p. Palo Alto and WayStations *8:06a. 

5 J.0 p. San Jose and WayStations *8:48a. 

6 :80 p. Palo Alto and Way Stations 6 :S6 a. 

ill:45p. Palo Alto and principal Way 

Stations +7:S8p. 


From 81 n FEUC18C0— Foot of Market St. (Slip 8)— 
•700800 900 no 00 and 11 00 A. M., *12 30 
11 00 *2 00 3 00 *4 00 5 00 and *6 00 P. M. 
From OAKLAND— Foot of Broadway. 

•6 00 *7 00 8 00 »9 00 10 00 and 11 00 A. M. 
112 00 12 30 2 00 "3 00 4 00 and *5 00 P. M. 

A. for Morning. p. for Afternoon. 

•Sundays excepted. +Saturdays only. 

^Thursdays only. tSundaysonly. 


will call for and check baggage from hotels and 
residences. Enquire of Ticket Agents for Time 
Cards and other information 


*\ \J. by n Coolgardie gold fields, 

*.^S-s=====sC' «y (Fremantle) Australia; 

tS^j^ jfcW ?22 ° first class - * 110 

&// *SEi£ ^"^s st *erage Lowest rates 
^/f nPSr* \ o to Ca P etown « 8 - Africa 

O. 8. 8. Company's 
steamers sail: 
and SYDNEY, 8. 8. 
„ jm iw .■■. mm. " arawa," Jan 10, '95 

4v9BM&B%9 F ° r HONOLULU. 
tp^aKy 8. S. "AUSTRALIA," 

Cook parties to Honolulu, Jan 19, Feb. 16, Apr. 

4; reduced excursion rates. 

For passage apply to 138 Montgomery Street. 

For freight apply to 327 Market Street. 

J. D. SPRECKELb A BROS. CO., General Agts 

TWILIGHT— From the Yellow Book. 

SPIRIT of Twilight, through your folded 
I catch a glimpse of your averted face, 
Aud rapturous, on a sudden, my soul 

'• Is not this common earth a holy place? " 

Spirit of Twilight, you are like a song 
That sleeps, aud waits a singer, like a 
That God finds lovely, and keeps near him 
Till it is choired by aureoled cherubim. 

Spirit of Twilight, in the golden gloom 
Of dreamland dim I sought you, and I 
A woman sitting in a silent room 
Full of wild Sowers that moved and 
made no sound. 

These white Hower* were the thoughts 
you bring to all, 
And the room's name is Mystery, where 
you sit, 
Woman whom we call Twilight, when 
night's pall 
You lift across the earth to cover it. 

Seven years of silent inquiry are need- 
ful for a man to learn the truth, but four- 
teen in order to learn how to make it 
known to his fellow-men. — Plato. 

The life of States is like that of men. 
The latter have the right of killing in self- 
defense; the former, to make wars for 
their own preservation. — Montesquieu. 

Every wanton and causeless restraint 
of the will of the subject, whether practiced 
by a monarch, a nobility, or a popular as- 
sembly, is a degree of tyranny. — Black- 

Who has been wise receives interest — 
savage, felon, president, judge, farmer, 
sailor, mechanic, literate, young, old, it is 
trie same, the interest will come round — all 
will come round.— Walt Whitman. 

One reads to know other people's 
thoughts; but if we take them upon trust, 
without examining and comparing them 
with our own, it is really living upon other 
people's scraps. — Chesterfield. 

Eveey virtue gives a man a degree of 
felicity in some kind. — Washingham. 

Vivacity in youth is often mistaken for 
genius, and solidity for dullness- — Anon. 

Weaknesses, so-called, are nothing more 
nor less than vice in disguise. — Lavater. 

To whom can riches give repute or trust, 
content, or pleasure, but the good and 
j ast? — Pope. 

Thebe is much money given to be 
laughed at, though the purchasers don't 
know it Franklin. 


Dispatch steamers from San Francisco for. 
ports in Alaska, 9 A. m., Jan. 5, 20. Feb. 4, 19. 

For B. C. and Puget Sound ports, Jan 5, 10, 
15,20,25. Feb. 4. 

For Eureka, Areata, and Field's Lauding (Hum- 
boldt Bay, Steamer " Willamette Valley," Wed- 
nesdays, 9 A. H. 

For Newport, Los Angeles and all way ports, 
every fourth and fifth day, alternately at 8 a. m. 

For San Diego, stopping only at Port Harford, 
Santa Barbara, Port Los Angeles, Redondo, (Los 
Angeles), and Newport, every fourth and fifth 
day, alternately at U a. m. 

For Ensenada, Magdalena Bay, Sau Jose del 
Cabo, Mazatlan, La Paz and Guaymas (Mexico), 
steamer St. Paul, 10 a. m , 25th of each month. 

Ticket Office— Palace Hotel, No. 4 New 
Montgomery street. 

GOOFALL, PERKINS A CO., Gen'l Agents, 
No. 10 Market street, San Francisco. 


liy 10 nut as private Dett'tHt . 
under Instructions. Experience unneoessar.v. Send for par- 
ticulars. National Detective Bureau, Indianapolis, Ind. 


Bookbinder. Paper-Ruler. Printer. 

and Blank Book Manufacturer. 

SIS Commercial St. - - San Franclsc 


TIBURON FERRY— Foot ol Market Street. 

WEEK DAYS— 7:40, 9:20, 11:00 A. M.: 12:36,3:80, 

5:10, 630 p. m. Thursdays— Eitra trip at 

11 :30 p. m . Saturdays— Extra trips at 1 :50 and 

11:30 p. m. 
8UNDAYS-8:00, 9:30,11:00 A.M.; 1:30, 8:30,5:00, 

6:20 p.m. 


WEEK DAYS— 6:25, 7:55, 9:80, 11:10 A. M.; 12:45, 
8:40, 6:10 p.m. Saturdays— Extra trips at 1:55 
aud 6:30 p. M. 

SUNDAYS— 8:10, 9:40, 11:10 A. M.| 1:40, 3:40, 5:00, 
6:25 p. M. 
Between San Francisco and Schuetzen Park, 

same schedule as above. 

Leave 8. F. 

In Effect 
Ap'l 15, 1894. 







3:30 P.M. 
5:10 P.M. 

8:00a. M.I Novato, 
9:30a.m. Petaluma, 
6:00 p.m.I SantaRosa. 

10:40 a. M 

8:50a. M 



Healdsburg , 





8*30p V 



7:40 a.m. 

8:00 a.m. 

Pieta, Hop- 
land, Uklah. 



3:30 p.m. 

8:00a. m. JQuernevllle 


6:15 pm 

5:10 p.m. 

8:O0a.m. 1 Sonoma 110:40a. m.|8:50am. 
5:00p.m. [ Glen Ellen. I 6:06p.m. |6:15pm. 

7:40a. m 
3:30 P. M 

8:00a.m.| Sebastopol. |10:40a.m|10:S0a.m 
5:00 p.m.I | 6.05p.m1 6:15p.m 

_ s connect at Geyserville for Skaggs 


Stages connect at Pieta for Highland Springs, 
Kelseyville, Soda Bay, Lakeport and Bartlett 

Stages connect at Ukiah for Vichy Springs, 
Blue Lakes, Upper Lake, Lakeport, Boonevttle, 
Greenwood, Orr's Hot Springs, Mendocino City, 
Fort Bragg, Usal, Westport, Cahto, Wlllitts, 
Capella, Porno, Potter Valley, John Day's, Live- 
ly's, Gravelly Valley, Harris, Blocksburg, Brldge- 
viile, Hydesville and Eureka. 

Saturday to-Monday Round Trip Tickets at re- 
duced rates. 

On Sundays, Round Trip Tickets to all points 
beyond San Rafael at half rates. 

TICKET OFFICE— Corner New Montgomery 

and Market streets, under Palace Hotel. 

Gen. Manager. 

R. X. RYAN. 

Gen. Passenger Agent 


Through Link to New Yobk. via Panama. 

Calling at various ports of Mexico and Centra] 
From company's wharf. First and Braunan Sts. 
8, s. "Sao Jo*e." December 28, 1894. 
S. S. "City of Sydney," Monday, Dec. 31, 1896. 
S. S. "Acapulco," January 8,1895. 
S. S. "Colima," January 18, 1895. 
8. 8. "San Bias," January 28, 1895. 
Connecting at Yokohama with steamers for 
Shanghai, and at Hongkong for 
India, etc. : 
8. 8. "City of Peking," Thursday, January 
3, 1895, at 3 P. M 
8.8. "China," via Honolulu, Jan. 15, 1895, at 

8 8. "Peru," February 2, 1895, at 3 p. m. 
8. 8. "City of Rio de Janeiro," Feb. 21, 1895, 
at 3 p.m. 
Round Trip Tickets at reduced rates. 
For freight or passage apply at the Company's 
office, No. 425 Market street. 

General Agent 



Note change in hour of sailing. 

SteamerB leave wharf at FIRST and BRAN 
NAN STREETS, at 3: 00 p. M. for YOKOHAMA 
and HONGKONG, connecting at Yokohama 
with 8teamersfor SHANGHAI: 

BKLGIC Thursday, Jan. 24, 1895 

Oceanic (via Honolulu) Tuesday Feb. 12, 1895 

X,„., c Tuesday, March 12, 1895 

Coi tic Tuesday, April 23, 1895 


For freight and passage apply at Company's 
office. No. 425 Market street, corner First. 

' D. D. STUBB8, Secretary. 

Plait No. 17. 

5 T. N«w» l.rtlcr. Jan tt. iSgj 


Prtea Par Copy, lO C«nta. 

Annua) Subscription, %A CO 


Vol. L 


Number 2. 

Printed and Published every Saturday by the Proprietor, Fred 
Marriott, 606-609-613 Merchant Street, San Francisco. En- 
tered at San Francisco Post-office as Second Class Matter, 

The office of the Niwe Letter in Nero York City is at the " Evening 
Post " Building. 204-206 Broadway, Room I, where information 
may be obtained regarding subscription and advertising rates. 

THE determination of leadiDg California wine-makers to display 
California wines at tbe Bordeaux Exposition is one of those 
deliciously hardy undertakings for which Americans are famous. 
It is as impossible to imagine now what the result will be as it is 
to conceive a rational purpose in it. 

THE appeal to Congress made by the Miners' Association of 
California ought to be considered at the earliest possible mo- 
ment. Relief laws are necessary to a more general development 
of this important industry, that bids fair to rival the days of the 
early fifties. There is a healthy activity in all tbe mining dis- 
tricts of the State. 

IT is amusing to read that a French spy in the councils of Lon- 
don anarchists has been discovered and kicked out, and that 
now he must join the army to save his life. It would be a pity to 
spoil so pretty a story by qnestioning its truth: it ispleasanter to 
imagine the Governments of Europe trembling at the sight of a 
few altruistic cranks than to suspect the daily press of lying. 

THE unanimous sentiment of the press of the United States is 
that there should be no partnership business in tbe building, 
ownership, and control of tbe Nicaragua Canal. It must be a 
purely national enterprise, devoted to the interests of American 
commerce between the Atlantic and Pacific. Interests equivalent 
to the commercial needs of the little nations through which it 
passes should be given, but their interests would not be con- 
trolling. Foreign capital enlisted iu the building of the enter- 
prise should never be allowed to degenerate into ownership. The 
present Congress should be prompt in taking some definite action 
favorable to the construction of this great work. 

A NOVEL rail for railroads has been invented by Mr. A. Ban- 
nister, of this city, which may greatly reduce accidents from 
defective rail and roadbed. It is claimed to be the only remedy 
ever invented for the horizontal pressure of the wheel flange on 
the side of the present weak and top-heavy "T" rail. This is 
converted into a diagonal pressure, strongly resisted and almost 
nullified by the new and much stronger "new safety rail," owing 
to its triangular form, and its being made of solid hard steel, thus 
preventing rail spreading. If this is correct it safely admits of 
the stringers being placed longitudinally under tbe rail, instead of 
crosswaye as now, braced strongly by cross-sleepers, and this, 
with a wider rail base, increases tbe base area of rail and also 
that of stringers on the ground, as 4500 is to 1000 — a very large 
addition to safety against accidents arising from depression of 
rail or roadbed. 

WHILE Deputy Attorney-General Layson has not always been 
deemed the best legal authority on questions of law, he 
sometimes stumbles on opinions that meet public approval. A 
few days ago he was called upon to give an opinion in regard to 
the eligibility of women to act as deputies in official positions, 
and he decides in their favor. There is no law or constitutional 
provision to bar them from performing such duties, and it has 
been decided by the highest authority that the word «■ male " in- 
cludes the female, as applied to duties of citizenship in almost all 
cases, except the right to exercise the privileges of the elective 
franchise. They are on an equality with the male in all coersive 
laws, both civil and criminal, having to pay taxes on properly in 
support of the Government, and answer to the authorities for all 
crimes and misdemeanors. It would seem that Governor Budd 
had led the forlorn hope for women in his avowed determination 
to give them representation on the various State boards of insti- 
tutions where women were interested, not least of which is the 
position of Regent on the State University Board. The question 
of competency has been solved by the sex in many of the graver 
departments of life. 

GOVERNOR MARKHAM, in bis final message to the Legisla- 
ture, suggests tbe appointment of a commission to revise the 
codes. It is a very important matter, as the present codes were 
prepared under the old constitution, and the judicial system has 
been changed so radically that inconvenience is met with in the 
practice of law. This suggestion should meet with the hearty 
concurrence of the members of the present Legislature. 

MR. CROTHER8, representing the Pickering and Simonton in- 
terests, has bought the Bulletin for .$35,500, C. M. Short- 
ridge, purchaser of the Call, having offered $35,000. This is ODly 
one-tenth of the price for which the Call was sold, and yet it is 
not conceivable that so vast a difference in values can exist. 
This, however, is less interesting than the fact that the two 
papers, after having been conducted under the same ownership 
for so long, are at last separated and the peculiar power which 
they exercised lost forever. 

CERTAIN of the living Astors of New York celebrated the ar- 
rival of a dead Astor from abroad with balls, dinners, theatre 
parties, and other "social functions," all because they wanted to 
show the corpse that It had no right to assume the family leader- 
ship. Wherefore the meek and lowly proletariats extant through- 
out the land, who are forced by their poverty, some to be really 
good and others to be only deceitful, have a greatly augmented 
cause for envying the freedom which the rich and high-bred are 
enabled to enjoy. 

THERE is great rejoicing at Petaluma because a "poacher" 
on the " preserves" of the Petaluma " sportsmen" has been 
convicted and fined under the law making such conduct a mis- 
demeanor. If a duck, by flying over or alighting upon a man's 
laud, becomes his property, then the taking of it by a trespasser 
is a larceny. Likewise, the duck commits a larceny if it fly 
away, although the law is not so framed as to cover that offense, 
and this is rather a peculiar thing. If the Petaluma idiot who 
preferred the disgrace of conviction under such a law to the dig- 
nified alternative of suicide does not test this ridiculous statute 
in the Supreme Court, he should be made to serve as a decoy 
when the Fool Killer goes a-gunning. 

THE present indications are that the agitation which the Anglo- 
Armenian Association of London is endeavoring to create, in re- 
gard to the reported ill-use of Armenian Christians by Turkish 
officials, is falling somewhat flat. The present situation of British 
politics does not favor an anti-Turkish agitation. When Glad- 
stone took up the Bulgarian massacres and made that historic 
Midlothian campaign upon them, the Liberal party was out of 
office, and the Tory party, being jingo in its sentiments, has 
always been identified in public estimation with the sustenance 
of Turkish misrule. All this is different now. The Ministry is 
Liberal and the Liberals oannot assail their own Ministers. The 
Tories cannot consistently do so on this ground because they 
have always maintained — and with a good deal of truth — that the 
Armenians and Bulgarians were as much in fault as the Turkish 
officials who were accused of maltreating them. 

THERE seems to be confusion and turmoil in the politics of 
nearly every country in Europe just now. The German Ministry 
is confronted with a Reichstag which it seems to be unable either 
to lead or to "drive;" the French Chamber of Deputies has just 
assembled for what is expected to be one of the liveliest and un- 
ruly sessions it has ever held, and no cautious underwriter would 
insure the Ministry for a month's lease of power; the Italian 
Chamber had to be prorogued a few days ago in order to prevent 
a fatal attack being make upon the Crispl Ministry in regard to 
the Banca Romana scandal — or, as Crispi put it, on tbe ground 
that a deliberate attempt had been made to create confusion and 
interrupt parliamentary work, and that time should be given to 
the Chamber to recover its calmness; in Hungary the Emperor 
has been seeking for two weeks past for a statesman with influ- 
ence enough to form a Cabinet which will be acceptable to the 
legislative body; and in the British Isles there are pertinacious 
rumors of discord in tbe Cabinet, a violent row in the Irish party, 
and a general belief that the present Parliament cannot outlive 
the next session. Added to this there was a story afloat tbe 
other day of pistols having been drawn, by some of the members, 
during an interesting session of tbe Bulgarian Sobranje. 


January 12, 1895. 


Who Should Be The most interesting fight betore the Legislature 
The is that for selection of a United States Senator 

Next Senator ? to fill the unexpired terra of the late Senator 
Stanford. George C. Perkins was appointed by 
Governor Markham to serve until this Legislature should meet, and 
he desires to be choice of that body. His only conspicuous opponent 
ifl M. H. de Young. The term will expire next year, when the Legis- 
lature must make another selection. The successful candidate there- 
fore will have only two years to serve, and the tremendous energy 
which is being displayed by both contestants shows that this is re- 
garded merely as an opening wedge to the six-year terra ensuing. 
Without any desire to reflect upon the manner in which Mr. Perkins 
has conducted himself in the Senate, it may be said generally that on 
the score of usefulness to the State California has never distinguished 
herself in the selection of Senators. They have gone to Washington 
openly as supporters or enemies of some great financial interest, or 
merely as imposing figureheads, or occasionally because they were 
financially able to purchase the honor. There is now an opportunity 
to select a man free from all these faults and suspicions, who has 
proved his ability to conquer aud achieve, and who may be depended 
on to lend the whole weight of his courage, energy, and intelligence 
to the good of the State at large. In the easy and comfortable days 
agone, when everybody was prosperous and careless of Government 
assistance, such superfluous Senators as we have been sending to 
Washington served a sufficient end ; but those days are no more, and 
we can no longer afford to be unrepresented and ridiculous. When, 
some months ago, we announced that Mr. de Young's remarkable 
success with the Midwinter Fair, in the face of the meanest and most 
persistent opposition that journalistic jealousy could conceive, had 
placed him head and shoulders above any other man in California, 
we were merely giving expression to a belief that was cherished by 
the wisest and most patriotic men in the State, and predicted then 
his accomplishment of still greater triumphs and his ultimate eleva- 
tion to the Senate. No one can have the smallest doubt of his great 
value to California in this capacity. Let our people for once recog- 
nize both the necessity for such a man's presence in the Senate and 
for crushing that mean spirit of jealousy which menaces every man 
who by reason of uncommon ability forces himself ahead of his fellows. 
In many ways has Mr. de Young shown superior qualifications for 
the office. In a political sense he has won the support of the Repub- 
lican party by conducting for many years the leading Republican 
newspaper of the State— not on a policy of blind partisanship, but 
with that discretion and independence which have made him a leader 
in politics as in all other matters in which he has engaged. It is in- 
conceivable that in anything he should be a tool or follower; he is 
nothing if not a leader. In the absence of the Chronicle, always 
steadfast, reliable, and independent, the Republican party would 
have been a body without a head. This fact has been recognized by 
the national organization of the party, in whose counsels Mr. de 
Y'oung's wisdom and ability have due weight. No other Republican 
in California wields or ever has wielded an influence equal to his in 
the concerns of the National Committee. The political aspect of the 
case is an indication of his force in other directions. He has built up 
the greatest daily newspaper of the West from the most insignificant 
beginning, and by the exercise of his eminent abilities has made a 
generous fortune. He is the typical Western man in the breadth of 
his perception and the comprehensiveness of his achievements, and 
it is such men that carry all things before them. If the present Legis- 
lature does not send him to Washington a good many wise and gen- 
erous men will lose their faith in our representative form of State 

Mr. Shortrldge Charles M. Shortridge has bought the Morning 
Secures Call, paying therefor three hundred and sixty 

the Old " Call." thousand dollars in oren auction under order of 
court. That is the actual price, which was 
more than the disagreeing present owners were willing to pay. The 
transfer has created remarkable interest and more or less consterna- 
tion, for apart from its effect on daily journalism in San Francisco, 
it is assumed to have a political significance of tremendous impor- 
tance. It has been assumed, because Mr. Shortridge was not sup- 
posed to have so much ready money of his own in band, that he has 
been "backed" by some one, and hardly a rich man in town has been 
left out of the surmises which have been made. It is a little singu- 
lar (assuming that Mr. Shortridge did not have sufficient money of 
his own) that his ability to borrow money to any amount on a 
straight business proposition has not received more attention. To 
secure such a loan he would have the Call, the San Jose Mercury, and 
other valuable properties of far greater value than the sum which 
be has paid for the Call. In addition to that, is his history of suc- 
cess—a very remarkable one in every sense, and of a kind that seems 
to adhere to the Shortridge family. It is the success which comes to 
brains, energy, shrewdness, integrity, and invincible pluck. Mrs. 
Clara Foltz, his sister, and Samuel M. Shortridge, his brother, have 
distinguished themselves similarly in another direclion. Thpre is 
probably not a capitalist in San Francisco who would not be willing 

to lend Charles M. Shortridge a million dollars on far less security 
than would be required to cover his purchase price for the Call. 
Those who have watched his career in San Jose are familiar with his 
aggressive independence and his scorn for a "collar." He is an ab- 
solute stranger to timidity, fear, time-serving, and all kinds of sub- 
serviency. It is too early yet to speculate on the political aspect of 
his invasion— for it is an invasion. It is more interesting to foresee 
that he will rouse the Call from its slumber of sixteen years, and put 
it at least on a level with its rich and powerful rivals. He presuma- 
bly brings to the Call hardly more than a fifth of the money that 
each of his rivals can employ, and it remains to be seen to what ex- 
tent his remarkable personality can overcome these odds if so fool- 
ish a thing as a newspaper war should occur. He is a fighter 
to the tips of his fingers, and he has never lost a battle. Some of 
his methods are closely allied to those of the Examiner; that is, he 
believes in sparing no expense to secure the best writers and the best 
news, and he believes, further, in the wisdom of encouraging a feel- 
ing of freedom and individuality among his writers. In other re- 
spects—particularly in giving reliable and unprejudiced news— he 
has the traits of the Chronicle. The Call lost its prestige because it 
was mean and narrow in every conceivable way ; but it will be so no 
longer. The News Lettbh cordially welcomes Mr. Shortridge to San 
Francisco, believing that he is a valuable acquisition. It is currently 
believed that Colonel Isaac Trumbo has advanced the money— or at 
least some of it— which Mr. Shortridge has used in the purchase. 

Fresno May Yet No matter what course may be taken by the 
Secure Traffic Association in the matter of a competing 

Transportation, railroad in the San Joaquin Valley, the people 
of that section have determined to build a deep- 
water canal. Mr. Wick B. Parsons, of Fresno, who has the subject 
in hand, was in San Francisco this week, and was here for the pur- 
pose of securing the right of way from property-owners who live in 
this city. He had with him a map of the proposed canal from Fresno 
to the navigable waters of the San Joaquin River. The right of way 
has been secured from almost every resident land-owner on the 
route, covering about forty miles from that city, and the producers 
are waiting anxiously for the signal to begin work. They propose 
to build it themselves and own it, and are confident that it will prove 
a profitable property. It will not be so slippery and treacherous as 
to pass out of their possession into the control of a monopoly, and it 
will serve to carry all their products to deep water. They are not 
losing any sleep over either a Los Angeles, San Francisco, or Stock- 
ton railway, knowing that these bed-ridden enterprises are only 
flirting with each other to milk them dry, and that if, in the course 
of human events, any one of them should ever be built, they would 
fall a prey to some monster that would destroy their usefulness. 
The fact that European capital has suffered in the railroad markets 
of the United States during the past decade, throws the responsibil- 
ity of railroad building upon the local projectors hereafter. 

Revelations Without going into details, it is sufficient to an- 
in the nounce that the recount of the city vote which is 

City Canvas, being made at the instance of Mr. Haley, the in- 
cumbent City Clerk, against Mr. Curry, who was 
returned as elected, has shown that the News Letter's charges of 
corrupiion in the count of the vote has been fully proved. It is too 
early yet to say that Mr. Haley has been "counted out" of his office, 
although he has been gaining steadily in the recount. The most 
shameless frauds on the part of the Election Boards of certain pre- 
ciucts have been discovered, and as the names of these miscreants 
area matter of record it is clearly the duty of the proper authorities 
to bring them to account. Along with the apparent "counting out" 
of Mr. Haley is seen a similar condition of things with regard to the 
Shrievalty contest. Mr. Whelan was returned as elected, and yet a 
"snap count" in the Haley-Curry contest shows that Mr. McNab 
also was probably counted out. Whether or not Mr. Haley and Mr. 
McNab will succeed in showing that they were really elected (and it 
seems now that they were), it is clear that the determined effort to 
defeat them in the election returns had an intelligent design, which 
can be construed only as a desire to keep the drawing of juries from 
falling into their hands. As the petty juries have the trying of 
criminal cases, which go to the very heart of the conduct of the 
Police Department, it is no wonder that the official rascalry of the 
city should be combined to keep these fearless men out of office. 

Purification It is rather amusing to read of a reverend gen- 
and its tleman connected with the organization to sup- 

True Meaning, press vice spurning the imputation that he was 
a "pocket edition of Parkhurst," when he knows 
that but for the Lexow Committee, of New York city, and its work, 
such an organization as he is now prominent in would never have 
been heard of in San Francisco. It is all well enough to have 
municipal reform, for it is needed here as well as in New York, or 
any other city, in comparison to population and age, but it would be 
both wise and graceful for Mr. Dille to acknowledge that he and his 
compeers are only floating on the breast of the Parkhurst wave that 
began on the Atlantic seaboard and flowed westward. There are 
rotten places in the municipal machine in almost all of its ramifica- 
tions. There is a 'New City Hall" that has been uver twenty years 

januarv 12, 1895. 


in building, that could toll ml WIhUIous tales of jobbery. There 
la • police force that dare not face the bead-light of bone*t investiga- 
tion. It. too, i* di-grat-eftilly managed by jobbers who watch the 
market for "eim-he*" in every corner of the cuy. It i* nonsense to 
say that there is not boodle drawn from every sink of iniquity that 
can be found in tbe street* and alleys, and the frail suffer the m>>*t. 
The gamblers, both white and Chinese, are made to nay tribute to 
this organized official machinery of the city government, and when 
by chance a rogue is caught he Is rushed through a spongy investi- 
gation and whitewashed fur fear that exposure of the higher author- 
ities might follow. These things have become so notorious that they 
have ceased to create surprise or provoke comment beyond the brief- 
est item of news. There is plenty of work for this committee to do 
if they know how to do it. but let them be warned in the beginning 
that it is not in the dives and deadfalls that they will strike the seat 
of the festering sore where corruption causes the offense to smell to 
heaven. Like the Queen of Babylon, they dress in fine linen and 
fare sumptuously every day. The lazaroni are not to be feared. 
They are usually taken care of, for they cannot purchase silence or 
freedom from the clutches of the law. It is not the base criminal 
element* that are sapping the vitals out of our fair municipality. It 
is not the poor, weak, and foolish citizens that are entrusted with the 
care of the sacred urn in which we deposit our evidences of sover- 
eignty who are to blame or to be feared. They are but the autom- 
atons that work out the rascality of the machines for a mere pittance 
in coin or a hope of reward. The fountains are corrupt. The "solid 
nines" should be watched, for they breed corruption in their coun- 
cils and profligacy in all their acts. In tbe grand work of purifica- 
tion these gentlemen must aim high or they will miss the game. 
Better fire blank cartridges in the air than seek to suppress vice by 
dredging the gutters. 

Congress During the discussion on the currency question in 
and Congress, a strong silver sentiment was devel- 

the Currency, oped, and the expression of many of the leading 
members of the House is that no currency legis- 
lation without silver can be enacted by the present Congress. 
The so-called Carlisle bill was killed on Tuesday last by 
the vote of the combined opposition of silver Democrats, Re- 
publicans, and Populists. It was conceded by many that this ends 
all hopes of currency legislation for this session, which ends on the 
4th of March, but a number of the most prominent members who 
opposed the measure say that they are willing to sacrifice their per 
sonal views rather than make no provision for the financial distress. 
Tbe prevailing sentiment is that something must be done to meet 
tbe demands of the Government, and, as the Administration has no 
other resources, it will be compelled to issue bonds to meet the 
emergency. The debates on the measure, which was but a shadow 
of the original Carlisle bill, were anything but complimentary to the 
gentlemen who amended it, but the intemperate and unjust asper- 
sions of members who oppose the President on personal grounds 
were neither dignified nor gentlemanly. They charged the Adminis- 
tration with being the author of the bill as it appeared in the House, 
where it was shorn of all its distinctive Administration features, just 
as the "Wilson Tariff bill was mutilated when it was nnaiiy passed, 
and which Cleveland refused to sign. Unless the pressure was very 
great, it is doubtful if he would have approved this Currency bill had 
it passed as amended and changed by the committee. When Presi- 
dent Cleveland knows he is right he is stubborn, and will resist 
pressure that comes without reason. 

Governor Markham It has been a matter of comment, as well as 
and the surprise, that the people have not had the 

Daily Papers. privilege of reading Governor Mark ham's 
retiring message from the columns of the 
great San Francisco daily newspapers. As though by mutual agree- 
ment it was practically ignored. This peevish act was probably in- 
tended as a rebuke to the retiring Governor for some personal reason, 
but the readers of these newspapers were entitled to learn what the 
Governor had to say about the condition of the commonwealth. Mr. 
Markham is human, and it is human to err. If he has erred in his 
acts as Chief Executive, he has done no more than others who have 
preceded him. Tbe idea sought to be conveyed by this studied omis- 
sion is that he has been a conspicuous failure, which the people may 
not be willing to admit. There is a difference between the politicians 
and the people. It is in evidence that, while his administration has 
not been marked by any special brilliancy in receptions and gaudy 
entertainments, he has managed to keep his pledges of economy in 
public expenditures. There have been greater Governors in many 
of the States of the Union, but occasions made them great. No one 
knows what he might have done had the opportunity been presented. 

Our Gold Mines Referring to the action taken by the State 
and Miners' Association in appealing to Congress 

Our Miners. for relief, it is not out of place to make mention 
of the fact that San Francisco owes her greatest 
prosperity and expansion to the results of mining, and the Govern- 
ment should not forget that, in the hour of its greatest peril, when 
her vaults were empty and her stability threatened, the rich mines of 
California poured into her coffers the sinews of war. In its pros- 

perity it nhouM not forgel Itl day* of adversit\ andtb«8UU that 
stepped to the front with an industry that provided a bulwark for 
aggressive action and defence. There are monuments standing in 
San Francisco that are fpleili lid ropn : the result.* of lilt 

mines of California and Nevada. The gold and silver mines fur- 
nished the means to erect the Palace Hotel, tin magnificent Mill* 
building, which has no e-mal on Ihe Pacific Coast ; the Flood build- 
ing, the Nevada Hank and it- building, the Merchants' KxofalDge, 
and many other costly and beautiful blocks that adorn the bn 
streets. Tbe valuable and extensive improvements inaugurated at 
North Peach by the late ex-Senator .lames 0. Pair, together with the 
splendid work in beautifying the Cliff House property and its sur- 
roundings, under the ownership and management of Adolph Sutro, 
are all the results of tbe mine.". The city itself is but the offspring 
Of the discovery of gold, and California is indebted to her mineral 
wealth for all she is. Tbe temporary cessation of work in this in- 
dustry has marked an era of depression, and now that a season of re- 
vival has come there should be no hesitation in extending every en- 
couragement in the way of future development. The bar on hydraulic 
mining was unfortunate, although adjudged a necessity— for the pro- 
tection of other industries. There is every prospect that this bar will 
be removed and the work renewed. Congress should not hesitate to 
comply with the demands of the miners who are engaged in working 
out the destiny of this State. Every citizen of San Francisco is inter- 
ested in the revival of mining, for every beautiful building and every 
home is but an evidence of what the mines have done for the city. 
The energy displayed and the developments made during the past 
few years gives the assurance that there are rich deposits undiscov- 
ered in the hills, and those already developed appear to be inex- 
haustible. Necessity seems to have opened a channel for some 
valuable surprises in the mineral regions, and a new enthusiasm 
has been created. 

Revelations In a recent issue we mentioned the peculiar differ- 
of ence between the promises and performances of the 

Insurance. Equitable Life Insurance Company in the matter of 
a certain tontine policy held by a gentleman of this 
city and which recently matured in that company. Further par- 
ticulars are at hand, which go to show that the company has a 
method which a bucket-shop concern might envy. This policy ma- 
tured October 2d last. The holder, about the middle of September, 
notified the company of the approaching maturity, and asked to be 
informed what would be required of him in the premises. He asked 
if a bond would be required, said that if so he was prepared to 
furnish one, asked if any particular form of receipt would be de- 
manded, and requested to be furnished with the required form. The 
San Francisco agent, instead of furnishing the necessary blanks, en 
tered into a correspondence with the " Eastern office," and through 
handling the policy after the manner of a bunco game or a bucket- 
shop, has managed to retain possession of the amount due the policy 
holder — twelve hundred dollars or thereabout — till the present time. 
It is now four months since the policy was due, and it has not yet 
been paid. While the company no doubt is justified in exercising 
care not to pay out money improperly, there is no excuse for its 
keeping the policy holder out of the use of his money for such a 
length of time. The fact is that when the policy was taken out there 
was an understanding that in making the payments for fifteen years 
the whole amount paid in would be returned, and the offer of the 
company to settle for three-fourths of what it promised to pay goes 
to show that the company is utterly unreliable, and that its tontine 
scheme would better be left alone. 

No Contest Republicans as well as Democrats will rejoice over 
For the fact that the contest for the office of Governor is 

Governor, ended. The vote in caucus at Sacramento on the 
question of a recount by the Legislature was such an 
emphatic protest against it that all anxiety has been set at rest. 
There never existed any desire outside of the Republican State Com- 
mittee for any such action, and it was so apparent that it was only 
the work of those who had wagered and lost, that country members, 
as well as many in the city, had exhibited very little interest in the 
matter. The cry of fraud and a desire for a fair count was made to 
do service, like the cloak of charity, but, outside of San Francisco, its 
weight was lost. This action, however, does not settle the question 
of fraud in this city, for that is too palpable, and every effort should 
be made by the Legislature to provide safeguards against a repeti- 
tion of such methods. While it is always best not to disturb a verdict 
once made public, no effort should be spared to guard against cor- 
ruptions that are likely to occur in the future. While the Purity of 
Elections law is very imperfect, it cannot be made to reach the case 
as presented in the frauds that have been committed. This will re- 
quire local action. Greater penalties for a violation of its provisions 
should be provided. But in this city a more healthy system of 
selecting officers of election would prove beneficial, and there could 
be nothing more appropriate than a competitive system both, as to 
efficiency and sobriety. Men who have no sense of honor or decency 
have no right to guard and control the ballots, for they represent the 
will of the people in their ideas of good government and in protecting 
the rights and liberties of the people. 


January 12, 18fc5 

HAVING just returned from a visit to A ustralia I will write a 
few of my impressions of tbose countries, not as a casual 
visitor, but as one who has spent the greater part of bis life under 
tbe Sontbern Cross, and again returns to America glad to partici- 
pate in tbe privileges of citizenship of this great Commonwealth. 
The condition of the Australian colonies (in which I include New 
Zealand) is infinitely worse than Americans generally consider. 
There is an idea in this country that poverty is not so distressful 
and that tbe antagonisms between capital and labor are not so 
intense in the Australian colonies as they are in tbis republic. It 
struck me that there was more hopeless poverty, more houseless 
wanderers, and more bitterness in the relations of tbe employer 
and employed than anything I have ever had experience of in 
tbis country. I certainly met more beggars in Sydney, Brisbane, 
and Melbourne than might be met with by a much more extended 
sojourn in the United States. There is nothing wrong with the 
country itself. Tbe climate and natural resources of both Aus- 
tralia and New Zealand are perhaps unequaled by anything on 
tbis planet. 8ome one has written of " beautiful Australia, with 
her wonderful resources, with a climate so gentle that summer is 
a fairy dream and winter a realized hope." These are words by 
an American tourist, and they do not exaggerate. 

Wfjat the/] is The dead hand of tbe BritiBb Government and 
The flatter tbe British capitalist is upon Australia and its 
With Australia, people. I venture to say that if Australia be- 
came a republic and would invite American 
immigration and enterprise it would go abead with leaps and 
bounds, and would become the most progressive country in the 
civilized world. The pusillanimity and slavish subjugation of the 
people to Great Britain is astonishing. There is a restive National 
party, whose ambition is a separate republic for Australia, but the 
old Tory and imperial spirit is in the ascendant, and generally the 
people have English sympathies which make them inclined to 
cling to tbe skirts of tbe mother country. The Australian people 
at the present time are bearing a tyranny which, compared with 
tbat which drove the American colonists into rebellion a hundred 
years ago, is as a thong of reeds to a feller of iron. One of tbe 
first sights upon entering Sydney harbor is an island fortified by 
tbe British Government, and which could reduce the city of Syd- 
ney to ashes in a few hours. Close to tbis island three British 
men-of-war are constantly moored, which seldom leave the harbor 
except for a holiday cruise along the coast when the officers re- 
quire an occasional change from tbe tedious work of »• mashing " 
Sydney ladies or dancing attendance at gubernatorial parties at 
Government House. The Governments of the different colonies 
have to pay for these ships, though tbey have no voice whatever 
in their control or management. 

Goverqrrjent The railroads do not pay working expenses, to 
aqd say nothing of the interest on tbe borrowed 

The Railroads' money by which they have been constructed. 
It is customary to say, in any reference to the 
heavy indebtedness of tbe colonies, that this indebtedness has 
been incurred by the construction of reproductive public workB, 
principally railroads. It has been said that it would be easy to 
organize a syndicate that would readily pay the entire public 
debt for a deed to the property created by tbe money borrowed. 
But see what an admission of failure for the principal of govern- 
ment railroads I To give over all the public works of the Colonies 
into the hands of a syndicate would be like giving over the coun- 
try itself into tbe hands of a syndicate- Besides, the question 
arises, if the Governments cannot make tbe railroads pay, will a 
syndicate do any better? 

The Yoke The Australian colonies are, in every sense 

of of the word, dependencies of Great Britain. 

Shrewd Capitalists, The recent commercial crisis has exhibited 

tbis to an extent inconceivable before. 

Three or four years ago national aspirations swept over the whole 

of the Australasian colonies, and tbe result was the formation on 

paper of what was called "the Australasian Commonwealth." 

This could not be tolerated. Tbe British capitalist did not feel 

quite secure, and pressure was brought to bear opon the ambitious 

colonists. Tbis was done through the banks, and with the de- 

pressed condition of tbings financially and commercially, all soar- 
ing thoughts about Australian nationality have disappeared, 
" and like tbe baseless fabric of a vision left not a wreck behind.'' 
The bauble has burst without even an explosion. It has died 
away into nothingness as effectually as Cardinal Newman tells us 
tbe Catholic claims of Anglican Communion passed away from 
his mind when he became a Catbolic. Tbe words of the Hebraic 
psalmist which be quotes are singularly applicable here: " I went 
bye, and lol it was gone; I sought it, but its place could nowhere 
be found." Here and there a feeble echo of the old national sen- 
timent may yet be heard, but as a political movement — as a burn- 
ing question in tne live issues of popular agitation or parliamen- 
tory debate, it is as dead as ■' Great Ccesar," of whose " clay " the 
proverb says it may be used " to stop a hole to keep the wind 
away." Bound hand and foot as tbe Australian colonies are to 
tbe British money-leuder, it is impossible for them to make any 
real progress in material prosperity or in National independence. 

The Gouernrrjeqt The Governments at the present moment are 
Vastly all hard pressed to pay current expenses. The 

Extravagant, Colony of Victoria, alone, for the cost of last 
year's administration, was short over £600,000 
(about $3,000,000), and this has always hitherto been the most 
prosperous colony of the group. Tbe excessive cost of govern- 
ment in all the Australian colonies is undoubtedly one of the 
chief causes of tbe country's present impecuniosity. The Colony 
of Victoria is paying £10.000 annually for the Governor's salary; 
and this for the present Governor, who is a mere youth — his age, 
I believe, is twenty-eight — whose claim to the position is in the 
fact that be is a scion of an English noble family. The Governors 
of other colonies are all being paid in a similar excessively high 
tcale. Other civil officers receive salaries exhorbitantly high. 
when compared to the populations over which tbey rule. I 
think I am right in saying that each Chief Justice of the Supreme 
Courts of tbe colonies is in receipt of a salary as high, or nearly 
as high, as any of tbe Supreme Court Judges of the United States. 
Remember that hardly any one colony exceeds a million of popu- 
lation. Tbe cost of the administration of one colony is more 
than that of tbe State of New York, and New York State has a 
population about double that of the whole of Australia put to- 
gether. In short, Australia is ruled by a syndicate, or syndicates, 
of British capitalists and by an oligarchy of highly paid officials, 
who are British in every instinct of their nature, and watch to 
crush any manifestation of national spirit among the enslaved, 
down-spirited, and down-trodden inhabitants. Every important 
position is occupied by an imported Britisher. It bas been said 
that the Episcopal Church of America is really a colony of Angli- 
cans in America. However tbat may be, it is really the case in 
Australia. Tbe Bishops of all tbe principal cities are, without 
exception, from England. The surprise of this would not be great 
if it were also not true tbat tbey are, almost without exception, 
inferior men. The Episcopal Church in Australia is anti-National. 
When the fight for national independence comes — as inevitably it 
must come sooner or Inter — tbe imported English ecclesiastics in 
Australia will be among tbe chief opponents. Railroad Com- 
missioners have been imported by tbe governments of all tbe 
colonies, and I have been told tbat these officials have been paid 
salaries of from $15,000 to $20,000 per annum, while men of ability 
and experience have bad to take subordinate posts, if they have 
not been altogether superceded or cashiered. These imported 
British magnates are perfect martinets in their own spheres. Tbey 
have been appointed by Act of Parliament for a term of years, 
and can be removed only by the same process. 

tuen the Banks The banking corporations handle English 
Are money entirely, and tbey may be said to bold 

Oppressive. nearly the whole country in fee simple as one 
vast estate. The owner of a freehold unincum- 
bered by a bauk mortgage is not merely a rara avis, he is of a 
species as extinct as tbe New Zealand moa, or mammoth fossil bird. 
Ownership of land on a large scale there certainly is, but a yoeman- 
ry population such as one meets with in tbe United States, is not to 
be found. Nabobs who live in the West End of London, or some 
favored spot in England — or it may be Switzerland or Italy, own 
millions of choice acres, and a prosperous season in Australia 
may not mean any additional improvement in tbe welfare of tbe 
people in Australia so much as a few more drawing room parties 
in the circles of fashion in London. The process which Ignatius 
Donnelly describes in a visionary description of what may happen 
one hundred years hence in America has already happened in 
some parts of Australia. His words are worth reproducing here 
as descriptive of bow the large land-owners and leaseholders (of 
whom further on 1 shall have more to say) are driving out tbe 

Jinunry 12,1895. 


•mall tetiUrs and fr«« Mleotora. ■■ iner ar* termed. •■ The yo#- 
m»nry bare lost possession of their Itodt, their farms bare been 
»< Id from tinder tbelr very feet. Cunning lawx bare transferred 
the fruit of their industry Into the pockets of ureal combinations. 
who loaned it back again, been red by mortgages, and, as the 
pressure of the same robbery continued, they at the last lost their 
homes by means of the very wealth which they themselves pro- 
duced. Now, a slogl* nabob owns tbe whole country, and a 
State is divided between a few great loan associations, while tbe 
men who once tilted tbe fields as their owners are driven to the 
cities to swell tbe cohorts of tbe miserables, or to remain In tbe 
land, a wretched peasantry, to contend for the means of life with 
cohorts of Mongolian coolies." This is not far-fetched lor what 
may be given as a description of what one may see to-day in 
Melbourne and Sydney. 

The Inaa/jfty Of While XewZ;aland has been advertising her- 
Sowe self to tbe world as having made advances all 

New theories- along tbe lines in socialistic matters, there is a 
good deal of cant and hypocrisy in her boasted 
reforms. What with her Lady Mayoresses, and other loud as- 
sertions of female rights, and with female suffrage in actual ex- 
istence and operation, the disposition is, in this country, to re- 
gard everything about New Zealand with the utmost favor. 
New Zealand is not a paradise of social reform. New 
Zealand has today more indebtedness to tbe square inch than 
any other of the Australasian colonies, and saying that is saying 
that she has more indebtedness than any other country in tbe 
world. Uer attempts to solve labor problems have been, for tbe 
most part, only in theory and in print. Socialistic theories have 
been tried only in obscure and out-of-the-way places, and with 
tbe evident intention of inducing settlement in parts which would 
otherwise not be taken up. A fellow passenger on board the 
Arawa, who had been induced to settle in New Zealand by de- 
signing representations of men who are exploiting tbe country 
for their own boodling purposes, told me that be bad worked on 
a farm for wages and keep, and that at tbe end of the month be 
summed op as net profits fifty cents a week. The Arawa was 
crowded with whole families who were leaving the country, or 
who, having gone there, were returning thoroughly disgusted 
with the state of things. There were two families with a numer- 
ous progeny, who bad gone out, induced to do so by socialistic 
reports, and wbo were so alarmed by what they heard upon their 
arrival in Auckland that tbey did not even unpack their trunks, 
and returned to America by the next steamer. As regards its 
physical conditions, its climate, its scenery, and the fertility of 
its soil, there is nothing in tbe known world to compare to New 
Zealand. Tbe country is misgoverned, its resources are not 
properly utilized, and there are elements in its social conditions 
which for brutality and stupidity defy comparison. 

The best side of Australian life is to be seen in the Colony of 
Victoria. The pioneers of this colony, in the gold mining rush 
of fifty years ago, were to a large extent from the United States. 

Tf)e Indebtedqess Of With a population of less than four mil- 
T'qe lions, it is estimated that Australia owes 

Australian Colonies, to the people of Great Britain the sum of 
£400,000,000, (in American money $1,946,- 
400 000), this being an average indebtedness for every man, 
woman, and child of £100, or $486.60. This amount of indebted- 
ness includes British capital drawing profit from private enter- 
prise as well as government loans. It has been questioned, if 
Australia were to part with all her government railroads and 
other reproductive public works, whether she could pay off this 
indebtedness. The taxation required to keep up the interest on 
borrowed money is one of the chief causes of tbe present collapse 
in that country. One other cause on which I have already ad- 
verted demands more distinct particularization. The extent to 
which the available lands of tbe country are owned by a few in- 
dividuals — and they to a large extent absentees — is another cause 
of the financial and commercial ruin which has befallen the coun- 
try. Even New Zealand, with her beautiful code of socialistic 
laws, and white claiming to limit the ownership in land to two 
hundred or three hundred acres an individual, has nearly one-half 
of her alienated lands in the bands of three hundred and thirty- 
seven persons, amongst whom tbe average holding is 25,000 acres 
apiece. Of the 40,000,000 of alienated land in the Colony of New 
South Wales, 21,884,299 acres are owned by six hundred and 
seventy-seven persons. Tbe laws which have been passed in re- 
cent years by all the colonies, and which embody so many of the 
fine theories of Henry George and his school, have little or no re- 
trospective effect. It is a case of »« locking the stable door after 
the steed has been stolen." This wholesale alienation of land has 
been going on for years past, and the legislation of more modern 
date cannot undo what has been done. 

The Euils Of Too Wherever one travels in Australia there are 
Great evidences of that "vaulting ambition which 

Stirnulatioq, o'erleaps itself." Melbourne has been the 

greatest sinner in erecting buildings fully one 
hundred years in advance of its history or its necessities. The inter- 
est on the money borrowed for the construction of its public build- 
ings is. now loading tbe people down with a burden of oppressive 

taxation. The Oovvrnoi v ol Victoria Uvea In a home, 

near Melbourne. iMgtr, BON lttpoatfl| and more costly than the 
residence of the Tresidrnt nf Lb« OotUd Siates. at Washington. 
Tbe coal of keeping up |ht I ►▼•rnor'i establishment la only one 
of the many white elrphanta which have to be paid onl of the 
hard earning* of the Impoverished residents of that colony. The 
••overnment Treasury bulldlogl of Brisbane, the capital of that 
little •• one horse " colony known as (juevusland. cost somewhere 
In tbe neighborhood of 92,600 .0U0. Tne money was borrowed 
from the British capitalist, and the Government is now at its wits' 
end to pay interest on the amount. No colony has been more 
exploited by the British capitalist than Queensland. Its gold 
mines of fabulous wealth, Its sugar-growing resources, its pastoral 
industries, are all so many feeders to the bloated capitalists of 
Lombard street, and the luxurious aristocrats of West End Lon- 
don. Sir Arthur Hodgson, the owner of more than half a million 
acres in the choicest part of Queensland — wbo is sometimes called 
tbe King of Queensland— lives in a palace at the birth-place of 
Shakespeare, entertains royalty and nobility, and spends his 
princely revenues in a country many thousands of miles away 
from the sources of his wealth on the rolling plains of the Darling 
Downs, Queensland. Sir Samuel Wilson, another mitlion-acre 
holder, lives in tbe residence lately owned by the Earl, of Beacons- 
field, better known as Benjamin Disraeli. This historical mansion 
is now bis property. No king or potentate lives in a grander 
style than this same Sir Samuel Wilson, formerly a plain north of 
Ireland farmer. But the wealth which he expends in England is 
drawn from distant Australia. The corse of absenteeism is felt 
all through Australia more than everit has been known in Ireland. 

Small Farmers But perhaps the worst Torms of land monopoly 
Driven are in the leaseholds of tbe squatters, or more 

To The Wall, properly, tbe Pastorali&ts. Investment com- 
panies, as well as individuals, bold what may 
be called permanent leases of tracts of country which stretch over 
an extent of country larger than many European principalities. 
The figures which I now quote, as well as those above given, 
were supplied to me by Goionel Bell, the United States Consul at 
Sydney. He mentions one gentleman wbo holds as leasehold a 
sheep ranch of 1,214,877 acres; an English syndicate which has 
leased for the same purposes 2,095,364 acres ; and then come 640,- 
000 acres, and other figures ranging from tbat to 100,000 acres, 
among wnat may be called the large leaseholds. This tendency 
to occupy immense areas of country on lease is a growing one. 
As tbe Dig fish eat up the little fisb, so tbe small leaseholder is 
absorbed by the large one. Generally tbe matter is accomplished 
through the banks. If the same bank holds a mortgage on neigh- 
boring leaseholds they soon become emerged into one. In the 
same way the freehold of the selector has to give way, and so the 
tendency goes on to centralize the lands of the country, and by 
so doing to develop an absentee class of large landowners or 
leaseholders with a practically secure tenure for an indefinite 

In the case of large freehold proprietaries the manner in which 
the lands often came into tbe possession of their owners reminds 
one of the manner in which Manhattan Island was purchased 
from the Indians by the Dutch. Colonel Bull tells of a young man 
who inherited one of the largest freeholds in one of the finest dis- 
tricts in New South Wales. His ancestor had bought this im- 
mense estate from a native king for half, a crown (fifty cents). A 
buttle of rum was tbe price paid originally for a piece of land in 
Sydney on which are now standing warehouses and wharves 
worth millions of pounds sterling. 

Tf)e People rfre The centralization of population in a few large 
Driven cities is one of tbe problems with which the 

To The Cities. Australian Governments will soon have to 
deal. Australia, through its policy of land 
monopoly and its habit of going to England for money, has driven 
the population out of the country into the cities. The upset price 
of land in the earlier stages of colonization was never less than 
£1 (or $5 an acre). Even in later years, with all tbe encourage- 
ments to land settlement, tbat has been the ruling price. Pay- 
ments extending over a period of years is now tbe law in all tbe 
colonies, but the old upset price of £1 an acre, with few excep- 
tions, remains tbe same. With such obstacles in tbe way of land 
settlement it is not to be wondered at that the populations are 
centred principally in tbe large cities. Colonel Bell, in his reporr 
to the United States Government, sums up the whole situation in 
the following words: "The social and political condition of the 
colonies forbid rapid growth either in material development nr in 
population." J- h. l. z. 

San Francisco, January, 1895. 


Keep him warm. It will cost you very lit- 
tle aud will enable him to withstand the ills 
which come with inclement weather 
Horse Blankets, warm ones, 51; Oiled Horse 
Covers, waterproof, $2; Lap Robes, warm 
ones, $1 50; Buetgy Whips, 10c.; Genuine 
French Horse Clippers, $1 25; Single Buggy 
Harness, our own make, ?5. Everything in 
_ our Hoe very cheap. W. DAVIS A SUN, 
'0fe0&» 410 Market street, below Sansome. 


January 12. 1895. 

? i&\Sd$&WPtfD 

We Obey no Wand but Pleasure's,"— Tom Moore. 

MADAME TAVARY and her numerous company have given 
as the first treat in grand opera that we have had for many 
a day. This critique concerns the performances of the week down 
to and including Thursday evening, and as, during that time, we 
have had Kigoletto, Trovatore, Bohemian Girl, Pagliacd, Cavalleria 
Rusticana, and Carmen, we have been enabled to arrive at a fairly 
just conclusion as to the company's capabilities. It may be said, at 
the beginning, that the Baldwin has been crowded every evening 
with the best people of the city, and that so far as local applause 
may be taken as the measure of merit, the company is as great 
as any other — Patti's hardly excepted — that has visited us in fif- 
teen years. Bat that does not go for much with a critic who 
knows the town and who has Scheel so immediately in njit,d. 
Madame Tavary'a company is a very large one, well trained and 
conscientious. The male chorus is exceptionally strong, the 
leader being almost an artist. The women of the chorus are 
effective only in concerted volume. Ab for Madame Tavary her- 
self, she is a very handsome woman, but lacking in blithesome- 
ness and easy grace where such things are required. In other 
words, she gives the impression of having studied too hard — there 
is not the slightest suggestion of insouciance, abandon, and indi- 
vidual reliance in her work. It is all work. Still, barring free- 
dom and swing, it is not the less true. Although her voice 
sounds weary too often, and Hats in the upper notes now and 
then, it is still wonderfully musical and clear, with a quaintly 
pathetic quality (of which the minor-chord numbers which she 
sings give abundant evidence). Madam Tavary is more of the 
student than the artist; she is more anxious to please others than 
herself. There is a wistfulness in ber face that would be painful 
were she less handsome, and it never deserts her. Uer beauty, 
it may be said, is not of a popular order; and that is something 
that should make ber glad. Her face is strained and earnest, 
showing more of character than art, and above all, it is intensely 
feminine, and all the more charming for being so. As the lead- 
ing spirit of her company, she deserves all praise, and her intense 
earnestness and conscientiousness are reflected in the conduct of 
all the other members. 

Wednesday evening, in the Cavelleria Rusticana, and Thursday 
evening in Carmen, Madame Tbeo Dorre, the mezzo-soprano of 
the company, had an opportunity to distinguish herself. She 
was a revelation to us. In the Cavelleria she had too high a part, 
but in Carmen she was perfectly at home. Not only is she an 
accomplished actress — and that is a rare thing in this company — 
but ber intensely sympathetic nature animates all her effort?. 
She has a voice of wonderful range and flexibility. It is astonish- 
ing that a company calling itself an "American Opera Company'* 
should not be able to sing in English the operas which have thor- 
oughly established English librettos. The most ludicrous thing 
in the world was a trio by Madame Dorre, Mr. Guille and the 
baritone, in which Madame Dorre sang in Italian, Mr. Guille in 
French, and the baritone in an excruciatingly German tongue — a 
few English words being thrown in here and there. Madame 
Dorre is a Chicago girl, and this may explain her lack of knowl- 
edge concerning the English language. It is said further that 
she bad a very bad cold, and that when one bas a cold it is bet- 
ter to sing in Italian. It really might be better not to sing at all 
than to sing a rattling trio in three languages. Mr. Guille bas 
carried off the honors thus far — from the standard of criticism 
which the audience creates. It is perhaps kind both to the audi- 
ence and Mr. Guille to refrain from analyzing the reciprocal con- 
ditions which made so amusing a thing possible — amusing to a 
certain point, and beyond that intensely exasperating. Mr. 
Guille, it is true, still has something of his old voice, and for that 
which be bas dropped he makes up with the very sort of "busi- 
ness" that he is sore will prove more efficacious to a San Fran- 
cisco audience than the fine, bell-like voice which Patti had the 
knack of drawing from his throat — a good many years ago. 

From becoming famous as a London concert-hall dancer, and 
particularly as the inventor of a nonsensical song-and-dance 
called " Ta-ra-ra-ra-boom-deay," Lottie Collins made a great 
fame, which came very near spoiling ber. Her catchy song trav- 
eled faster than she, so that when she came to San Francisco 
some months ago, and after the first night was neglected, she 
echoed Mr, James J. Corbett's opinion that San Francisco was a 
"jay town." It was perhaps this experience that taught the 
gifted and over-petted young woman a serious lesson. She 
abandoned ber more than half vulgar creation, learned farce- 
comedy, and bas brought hither an excellent vaudeville com- 
pany, which has been playing to crowded audiences at the Cali- 
fornia Theatre all the week. Nothing has been charged against 
her former pettisbness. On the contrary local swelldom has 
found ber and her company a delightful diversion in the vaude- 
ville line, and under her reign the California has been a center 

for swell theatre parties, despite the more pretentions attractions 
elsewhere. It bas happened lately that the Female Ltg has bad, 
in Aladdin, opportunity for conspicuous exercise; but not within 
the last decade has so remarkably graceful and agile a leg as Miss 
Collins's been seen hereabout. Undoubtedly she is the greatest 
dancer of the last quarter of a century, and it seems a pity that 
she does not appear to be aware of the fact. For danciDg is a 
rare and precious skill; and if Miss Collins would do no more 
than dance as she does in the opening scene of The Devil-Bird, 
without attempting singing or farce-comedy, she would be the 
leader of the world in that line. Aside from her personal attrac- 
tion the entertainment at the California is unusually pretty and 
refined. There is hardly a better way to describe it all than is 
set forth in the following contribution by a valued private corre- 
spondent who bas visited the California: "I have seen and been 
charmed anew by clever Lottie Collins. How I do envy her the 
swift, jerky movements, all grace, and the natural expression of 
her exuberance ! Spontaneity is ber greatest charm ; she is a true 
artist. I watched her closely to see if any of her effects were stud- 
ied, and decided that she simply dances by instinct. Repose is 
unbecoming to ber. I have tried to imitate some of her evolu- 
tions and graceful pirouetting, but she is inimitable in her peculiar 
way. My opinion is valueless, because I am extremely lenient 
in my criticism of stageland and its various people, but I shall 
give it to yon just the same. It is, without exception, the best 
vaudeville show I have ever seen, and it is absolutely free from 
vulgarity and distressing shocks to the nervous system from dar- 
ing acrobats and fearless but gymnastic vocalists. There was one 
Solomon too many and one self-satisfied female yodler, but the 
latter was almost forgotten in the sound of an appealing, clear 
voice from on high — we still must look to tbe gods for aught ap- 
proaching perfection. The quality of tbe audience surprised me. 
I had thought that all claimants to the exclusive list of Greenway 
would seek shelter at tbe cosey Baldwin; but instead, tbey 
allowed themselves a little recreation from sombre society and 
patronage of high-class music by indulging in plebeian laughter 
at the California." 

Miss Collins and her delightful company will remain at the 
California during tbe ensuing week. 

* * » 

The wonderful necromantic Herrmann, and his accomplished 
wife, Mme. Herrmann, are to follow Lottie Collins at tbe Cali- 
fornia Theatre, in a season of their incomparable entertainments. 
This season they will present many new and startling sensations 
in San Francisco, including: "The Greek Slave's Dream," "The 
Caliph of Bagdad," "Chinese Immigration Made Easy," "Stro- 
beika, tbe Russian Mystery," "The Escape from Sing Sing," 
"The Asiatic Trunk Mystery," and the "Artist's Dream." 
Among the marvelous illusions are: "Noah's Ark, or After tbe 
Flood," "The Mysterious Swing," "Faust, a la Herrmann," 
"Diablerie Spiritualism," and their remarkable "Materializa- 
tions." Seats at regular prices will be on sale on Thursday 
morning, January 17th. 

* « » 

Lydia Yeamans-Titus will conclude her engagement at the 
Orpheum next week. This singularly clever woman has made a 
stronger impression here than can be placed to the credit of far 
more widely heralded women, and she bas fully deserved all tbe 
popularity which she has won. Besides her tbe attractions at 
the Orpheum next week will include the four Eddys, who do 
wonderful acrobatic feats; James McAvoy, who is clever in 
parodying popular songs; Alice Raymond, tbe famous cornet 
player, and many others who are stars in their various ways. 

Lallah Rookh begins its third week at the Tivoli on Monday. It 
has proved a great delight to tbe thousands of patrons of this pop- 
ular theatre. Many who have seen it once are impelled to see it 
again, so winning is it and so bright, mirthful, and musical. 
» * » 

Marie Burroughs is starring in Judah and the Profligate. Tbe 
latter is a new play by Pinero, and is said to have made a dis- 
tinct success with Miss Burroughs in the leading role. Wil- 
liam Greer Harrison's play, Runnymede, has been accepted 
by Frederick Warde, and will be produced by him for the first 
time at the Baldwin Theatre next month, with Louis James and 
their excellent company of players. Warde bas it in active re- 
hearsal already. It is a romantic woodland play, and deals prin- 
cipally with the doings of tbe famous English outlaw, Robin 
Hood, which character will be impersonated by Mr. Warde. Mr. 
James will play Friar Tuck. This is the last season that these 
two actors will play together, as each is to have a separate com- 
pany thereafter. They will give Shakespearean plays here. 

The Gaiety Girl company is coming to tbe coast, and from all de- 
scriptions at hand tbe piece must, well be worth the success that 
has attended it. It is a musical comedy that has run for over a 
year at tbe Prince of Wales' Theatre, London, and also for three 
months at Auatin Daly's New York Theatre. Tbe company that 
is to appear in this city is the original oue.^—A Night at the Cir- 
cus, with the popular soubrette, Nellie McHenry , and a large com- 
pany of specialty artists, will be the attraction to follow Hermann 
at tbe California Theatre. 

January 12. 180" 



PROBABLY owing to the holulty ruib the Atmospheric l.\- 
press, like most of the terrestrial transportation companies. 
was a day behindhand with Its deliveries, and we did not get 
genuine CbrUlmaa weather until the 26th. This may have been 
a disappointment to the millions whose holidays are limited to 
the great festival itself, but it certainty suited the books of the 
favored few who formed part of the great country-bouse parties 
which are so fashionable nowadays. The stranger who has not 
vUlted New York in the last eight years would be amazed at the 
way in which wealth and fashion flock to the country on all 
occasions. There is doubtless a half unconscious imitation of 
Kngtish custom in the change, which makes itself more apparent 
just at this season, when the •■ wassail bowl," and "servants' 
dances." and the "bringing in of the yule log" are .essential 
features of the country gatherings. One enterprising dealer took 
advantage of the reigning craze to advertise genuine yule togs, 
imported from England. A credulous purchaser afterward de- 
clared that he could not see the difference between them and or- 
dinary pine. 

The cold has been so great that even the Hudson River is frozen 
over, and the unexpected sleighing, and coasting, and skating 
have added immensely to the success of the week's gaieties. 

On Saturday the Lexow Committee held its 6nal sitting, and 
there will probably be a lull in Farkburst's great campaign 
against Tammany, and rottenness and corruption generally. 
Certainly the committee deserves credit, for it is the first one that 
has ever even pretended to make an honest investigation of our 
police methods, but there are many who fear that the snake has, 
as usual, been only scotched, not killed. It is one thing to dis- 
cover and reveal an evil; it is another thing to eradicate it. As 
Superintendent Byrnes declared in his testimony, nothing can be 
done so long as political influence rules the department, and it 
seems too much to hope that the public institution of the metropo- 
lis will ever be free from that taint. 

Some of the bacilli of the epidemic of Virtue seem to have found 
their way through your golden portal. News comes to us that 
the manager of a comic opera company which is visiting your 
city was obliged to suppress a certain song in the performance in 
deference to public indignation. The song, which has something 
to say about a young lady whose golden hair had a way of mak- 
ing itself conspicuous in the neighborhood of her lower neck, has 
been heard in Gotham, but occasioned no more adverse comment 
tban that the young person in question might do well to join the 
Sutherland sisters, or else consult a coiffeur. Have you really 
become so very sensitive of late, or was the dispatch merely an- 
other advertising dodge? 

Mrs. Bella NicholB and Mrs. Carl Jungen were among the Christ- 
mas guests at Leeside, the Yonkers residence of Mrs. James Lake. 

To-night Mrs. Ogden Mills will give a New Year's dance at her 
charming place, Straatsburg on Hudson. 

Last night Joe Howard, the well-known " M. T. Jug," was 
given a grand reception at the Press Club, of which he has just 
been made President. 

California sees so much of the army and-navy that news of any 
of the officers must always be welcome. Some of the best known 
names, however, will be dropped from the lists this year. Medi- 
cal Director A. L. Gihon, now at the Brooklyn Navy Yard, is to 
be retired on September 28th, ranking officer of his corps; while 
General Schofield must also yield to the demands of the regula- 
tions before the twelve months are past, flow many memories 
are associated with the life of the gallant old officer! Few old 
Californians have forgotten the jolly entertainments that p:evailed 
in General 8chofield'a time. 

Mr. and Mrs. George Crocker are among the week's entertainers. 
They gave an elaborate banquet in the state rooms of the Wal- 
dorf last night. At the same hotel the Hon. Stephen White is 
staying for a few days prior to a visit to Washington. 

Hugo Totand is soon to appear in a new play called The Vale of 
Anoca, an Irish melodrama in which be will figure as tbe villain 
of the piece. Dynamite bombs and other realistic effects are 
features of the new play. 

You will be gratified to hear that your Christmas number was 
thoroughly appreciated by the Californian exiles in this part of 
the world. It was quite equal to any of the holiday numbers of 
the Eastern periodicals, and reflects great credit upon the techni- 
cal facilities of the coast. Passe-Partout. 

New York, January 5, 1895. 

Merit is Essential. 
Consumers have a habit of determining by experiment whether 
an article of food is pure, wholesome, convenient, and economical. 
Borden's Peerless Brand Evaporated Cream possesses intrinsic merit. 
Will stand every test. 

The Original Swain's Bakery, 213 Sutter street, will remain the 
favorite lunching, dining and catering establishment, and seller of all 
sorts of edible dainties in the shape of sweetmeats and pastries, as 
long as the good sense of the people of San Francisco remains at its 
present high state of development. Everybody knows what a delight- 
ful place Swain's always is. 

The Most Simple and Safe Remedy for a Cough or Throat Trouble is 
" Brown's Bronchial Troches." They possets real merit. 




Bur Yale Mi^fLir^E 
3 SmoKiMg Tobacco is i\ 



THt AMtnnANToevw (? Successor, BALTIMORE Mo. ., 


Al Hayman & Co. (Incorporated) Proprietors. 

Monday next, January 14th— Second and last week of the iamous MARIE 

TATABY I.K AMIEM.l.lsil OPERA COMPANY (100 artists). 

day. TRAVIAl'A; Wednesday matinee. CARMEN; Wednesday evening, 
MARTHA; Saturday matinee, TROVATORB; Saturday evening, LOHEN- 
GRIN. l»-MONDAY, Jan. 21st— Theatre closed for two weeks. 

Monday, Feb. 4Th— FREDERICK WARD and LOUIS JAMES in 
B " HENRY IV " and other magnificent productions. 


Week commencing Monday, Jan. 14th— A magnificent vaudeville I 
Five new artists. THIS JiDDY FAMILY (four in number), the f 

Al Hayman & Co. (Incorporated) Proprietors 

S. H. Friedlandek Manager 

Last week. 

In the London comic opera success, THE l>i:vi Mll!tl>, produced with 
beautiful special scenery, and the rearing English comedy, entitled, THE 
*AIR EQUESTRIENNE Specialties by Wood & Shepard, Brothers 
Meer, Marion, Hayes & Marion, Ward & Curran, Anna Willmuth, etc., etc. 
and the comic opera comedian, specially engaged, MR. FEED SOLOMON. 
jgMouday, Jauuary 21st— PROF. HERRMANN. 


O'Farrell St., between Stockton and Powell Sts. 
Sail Francisco's Great Music Hall. 

i bill. 
society acrobatic marvels; JAMES McaVOY, the king parodist and sing- 
ing comedian; ALICE RAYMOND, one week's return engagement of the 
celebrated cornet virtuoso. BUNl'H, RTJDD & FLAKEY, BOGERT & 
O'BRIEN, JOSEF LOISET, T. J . GODFREY, and last week of 
MATINEE PRICES— Parquet, any part, 25c; balcony, any part, 10c; 
children, 10c, any seat. EVENING PRICES— Reserved seats, 25c; balcony 
10c,; opera chairs and box seats, 50c. Saturday and Sunday matinees. 


Mas. Ernestine Krelinb Proprietor and Managei- 

Tonight. The production of the season. Third week. Glorious sue 
cess. Second ediiion; grander than ever. The great holiday spectacle, 


Fook by John P. Wilson. Music by Joseph Hirschbach. Oscar L. Fest's 
wondrous transformation, "Alcoves of the Peri's Garden." Mirth, music 
specia ties. A wurld of beauteous scenery, 

fupoLAKPaicEs 25and50c 

OJJO )*0tyIl/W$ \fl%, 

Established 1879. 

411 Bush street, Opposite 
the New California Hotel. 
Best Equipped 

Large dining-room for ladies. Sole depot for JOS. SCHLITZ MILWAU- 
KEE BEER, Imported European Beer from Buergerliches Brauhaus, 
Pilsen, Bohemia; Actien Beer from Rizzi Culmbach, Bavaria. 

I If I IAN RFnnARH Tne En e lish actress, coaches ladies and 
LILLIHH uLUuHliU , gentlemen for the dramatic profession; ap- 

Eearances arranged. SHAKESPEAREAN ACADEMY, 1017 Ellis St., 
an Francisco, Cal. 

7 **%gygfc 

Has Removed to 824 Market St., Phelan Building. 


January 12, 1895. 

QUOTH the Akoond of Swat, 
To tbe Begum of Lahore: 
" There's less of sense and more of rot 
Than e'er there was before." 

Quoth the Begnm of Lahore 

To the dark Akoond of Swat: 
" Pray, give to me the common sense, 
And then explain tbe rot." 

Then did the great Akoond sit down, 

And with the Begum chat, 
ADd every scandal of the town 

The Begum had quite pat. 

She said: " On Van Ness avenue 

Three pretty dames reside; 
80 tired of life's monotony, 

They every fad bestride." 

«■ What mean yon?'' quoth the Akoond 

To the Begum of Lahore. 
" I mean," that mighty prince replied, 
" They wrestle on the floor. 

" And when tbe Roman strife is o'er, 
And one the victor reigns, 
The others are in honor bound 
To sap her for her pains." 

" What mean you by that narrative?" 

Quoth the Akoond of Swat; 
11 Three ladies supping all alone 
Would be a sorry lot." 

Then spake tbe Begum of Lahore: 

" My friend, make no mistake; 
When those fly dames fly out at night 
They never make a break." 

And then the Akoond sat and winked, 

And then tbe Begnm smiled, 
Nor was the drink those gossips drinked 

One small bit over mild. 

And there's a block on broad Van Ness; 

Where? Ask from door to door; 
You'll find an Akoond cheek by jowl 

With a Begum of Lahore. 

* * * 

In these days of social license, when "it all goes" is the ex- 
cuse offered for extreme latitude indulged in on occasions by our 
swim, it is considered old fogyish to object to, or note with dis- 
approbation any of the features of this progressive period. Still, 
it may not be amiss to call a halt to some who may not yet be 
case hardened. Society swearing. Society tipplings. Society 
etceteras are all wrong, yet like the brook they go on, let us hope 
not forever. There is one habit which is so meritricions surely 
our women have not fully considered its dangerous ramifications 
or they would not allow It to obtain to the extent it does, and 
that is the acceptance of presents promiscuously from their male 
friends and acquaintances. Here is where the danger lies. 
Friendly gifts are, or should be, of a limited nature — books, 
flowers, bon-bons, and in intimate friendship, gloves. But wben 
acquaintances are allowed, nay, often expected, to offer gifts 
such as expensive crystal perfume bottles, silver articles for the 
toilet table, and last, though by no means least, jewelry, and on 
occasions sealskins. It cannot be a matter of much astonish- 
ment to men of the world to find the donors of such gifts talking 
of the fact of their acceptance. It certainly must admit of re- 
flection that Christmas or New Year's, or all the year presents of 
this kind is very liable to produce many embarrassments of a 
financial nature to tbe men making them, if not of a social 
nature to the women who accept tbem. 

* * * 

A case as remarkable and dramatic as any which has ever been 
tried in a Californian court is now being argued in San Jose, It 
is the old, old story, so often repeated, of a feeble-minded man's 
infatuation for a young and beautiful woman. Edward Barron, 
tbe millionaire butcher, after two experiences of married life, im- 
agined that he bad at last found his affinity in the daughter of an 
Irish bank clerk. Tbe story, which has not been clearly told in 
tbe dailies for tbe reason that the facts have been repressed on 
both sides, makes a plot for a novel which such a writer as 
Lefaun would have been delighted to receive. A worn-out volup 

tuary, visiting a friend of his in East Oakland, picks up a photo- 
graph of a woman which stirs the passion of a vitiated nature. 
He eagerly examines the picture, inquires the address of the 
original, and in a few days afterwards is on his way to meet her. 
He brings with him a letter of introduction from California, pre- 
sents it, and the next day proposes marriage, which is promptly 
accepted. This beginning of the infatuation is succeeded by tbe 
great stepmother act, which is so frequently tbe basis of the sen- 
sational novel. The young bride who has rushed to the arms of 
the sexogenarian estranges bis affection from the offspring of bis 
first wife; the will is made, practically disinheriting them; the 
case comes into court, and tbe lawyers get their pickings. Out 
from the closets the skeletons are dragged, and the rattle of their 
bones makes the recorder of sensations joyous for the goodly bill 
of fare he can furnish his readers. Ancient amours stride forth 
from their retirement and tear down the bars of gold which 
secured their prison house in the past. Tbe wealthy widow in 
somber weeds claims the sympathy of tbe jury. By her side ber 
confidential friend sustains her feeble frame. Tbe contestant is 
described as a rash and irresponsible youth, the defendant as a 
woman who loved at first sight a coarse, licentious, and arrogant 
man. This is just about the history of the Barron will case, an 
illustration of those follies that beset tbe pathway of so many of 
California's millionaires, who become, more by accident than 
ability, financially fortunate. 

* * * 

Sadie Martinot, when she made her first appearance in San 
Francisco with Dion Boucicault, was, as she now is, as cunning 
and jolly a dame as ever pressed ber red lips to a goblet of Pom- 
mery. Miss Martinot used to tell a good story about Boucicault. 
In tbe later years of bis life the great dramatist was very con- 
ceited about his personal appearance. His long hair was carefully 
dyed every day with a preparation which he got from Paris. 

One morning Miss Martinot said to Dion : •« Mr. Boucicault, I 
want five hundred dollars." 

••Miss Martinot," replied the dramatist, "I cannot conven- 
iently furnish you with that amount." 

*• I am sorry," said Miss Martinot, "but I hope, when I call 
later on, that you'll be able to find the cash for me." 

When Mr. Boucicault arose and went to perform the ordinary 
duties of his toilet, be found that his hair dye was missing. He 
knew that Miss Martinot was acquainted with the whereabouts 
of that important article. He also knew that it would take him 
at least two months to receive a fresh installment from Paris in 
case bis stock in band did not turn up. At breakfast be said, 
very humbly: 

*• My dear Miss Sadie, did you see anything of my hair dye ? " 

To which that gifted and beautiful lady replied: 

•• I assure you, Mr. Boucicault, I found among my effects a 
mixture to change the color of the hair which closely approaches 
yours, so far as I can tell from the label." 

••And what is the price of that mixture ? " inquired Mr. Bouci- 
cault, blandly. 

"Only five hundred dollars," replied Miss Martinot, with a 
witching smile. 

•• How fortunate I " said Mr. Boucicault. "I've got a check 
for that exact amount in my pocket." 

"And bow fortunate, also," replied Miss Martinot; « I have 
tbe bottle in mlnel " 

Mr. Boucicault took tbe bottle, Miss Martinot took tbe check, 
and then over their black coffee they chatted about the weather. 

A very swell and very unusual dinner was given at the close of 
the year at one of the old-time restaurants of this city. Its plan 
was the artistic creation of a well-known literary man. The idea 
was that each course was represented and served by a beautiful 
girl in characteristic costume. For example tbe oysters were 
brought in by a blonde-baired girl with that semi-classical non- 
attire which the sirens who sang to tbe sailors of Ulysses ap- 
peared in. The bouillon was served by a maiden who wore the 
cunning mask of a steer. The fish, tbe entries, the lamb nutlets, 
and tbe dessert were brought into tbe dining room by girls whose 
costume was cunningly indicative of the dishes which they bore. 
The omelet souffle" was tbe triumph of the night. An immense 
egg was taken in by four girls costumed like spring chickens; 
then the shell was tapped, and then a veritable Dame Partlett 
stepped out, bearing a platter of tbat delicious compound. So 
quietly and so cleverly was the whole affair arranged that not one 
but the interested parties knew of this clever masque. 

Pommery Sec. 
The firm of Veuve Pommery Fils & Co. now consists of the follow- 
ing members: Louis Pommery, Henry Vasnier, the experienced di- 
rector, and the Countess de Polignac. It is owing to the conscien- 
tious efforts of the management to produce a higb-grade champagne 
of uniform quality , regardless of cost, that Pommery Sec occupies the 
elevated position it now holds among connoisseurs, prominent 
among whom is the Prince of Wales.— Illustrated London News. 

Don't fail to chew Adams' Pepsin Tutti-Frutti Chewing Gum after 
meals. Indigestion fades before it. 

Mothers be sure and use "Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup" for your 
children while teething. 

January 12. 1&V5. 



THK two estimable gentlemen who constitute a majority 
< f the Board of Police Oom missioned have he*n re- 
presented in published interviews a? being extremely unwilling to 
1 an opinion concerning the appointment of M. H. Gunst to 
Bw Commission in plaos of D. M- Bnrns, but we are led to infer by 
the bitterly partisan treatment of these interviews that the two esti- 
mable gentlemen could say dreadful things if they chose— or dared. 
The position in which they have been thus placed is very unfortunate. 
If they think that Mr. Qnnsl is unworthy as a citizen and dangerous 
as a Police Commissioner it is a high duty for them to be ca ndid, in 
order that the public may have a proper understanding of Mr. Qnnat'fl 
character and his official act-. It is more than likely that they have 
been misrepresented. If not, it is more than evident that the position 
which they have been made to assume before the public displays a 
mental and moral phase which makes the advent of such a man as 
Mr. Ounal ■ fortunate thing for the city. A tremendous amount of 
alleged interviewing of " prominent citizens " has been done lately, 
and the newspapers have been demanding opinions from all 
the merchants. The most of these have spoken so highly 
of Mr. Gnnat that the newspapers which are determined to 
"down" him do not dare to publish the interviews, and 
confine themselves to adverse criticisms. It has been under the ad- 
ministration of highly moral Commissioners that the Police Depart- 
ment has acquired so unsavory a reputation as to call for a citizens' 
movement to expose and punish the rottenness which pervades it; 
and there could be no more serious a reflection upon the Commission 
than that. It is charged with the selection of upright officers and 
with seeing that these men faithfully discharge their duties. In this 
there notoriously has been a failure. And this does not mean that 
the majority of the Police Commission have been lacking in honesty, 
for on that issue no one believes in the existence of grounds to assail 
them. It is far more reasonable to assume that they are too far re- 
moved from contact with means for learning the true stale of affairs — 
their high social standing and strict moral sense would prohibit their 
knowing members of the " sporting fraternity " and other men about 
town who know of the rottenness of this branch of the city govern- 

Mr. Gnnst has been evidently appointed for the sole reason that he 
enjoys the facilities which the other Commissioners lack. He is 
popularly known as a " sporting man "—that is, a man who promotes 
athletic and other sports of the higher class. For instance, he is an 
active spirit in the Bay District races, which are patronized exclu- 
sively by the best elements of the community; this enterprise is free 
from the taint of any sort of scandal, and is one of the most useful 
enterprises in the State, not only in the sense of bringing celebrated 
horses and much money to California, but also in encouraging the 
high breeding and training of horses in the State. He is not a gam- 
bler, the large sums which he has wagered on great sporting events 
being money which leading men of the city, knowing his integrity, 
have deposited with him to wager in their behalf. It is well-known 
that on one occasion, when a stakeholder absconded with several 
thousand dollars, which Mr. Gunst had wagered for a leading citizen 
of San Francisco, he repaid the money out of his own pocket. It is 
known, too, that on another occasion his partner swindled various 
dealers to a very heavy extent, that Mr. Gunst assumed the whole af- 
fair and was given nine years in which to settle, and that at the end 
of four years he had canceled the entire debt. It is equally well- 
known that he began the business of a cigar dealer in the smallest 
way, that by uncommon energy and intelligence he has built up a 
very large business, and that instead of ever having been charged 
with a crooked act he has sunk a fortune in meeting the dishonest 
obligations of his associates. His connection with a certain first class 
saloon (of which he is not a patron) is explained on the score of his 
desire to have a first-class saloon as an adjunct to his cigar store, 
knowing that his customers would not like to patronize any other kind 
of place. He has never been associated with any unlawful gambling 
or sport, and has lent his countenance to such sports only — commonly 
called gentlemanly sports — as the most law-abiding and upright men 
of the civilized world have supported. In short, he is a shrewd man 
about town, has been remarkably successful in business, has the full 
confidence of business men and of his personal friends, and is con- 
spicuously well qualified to learn where unlawful gambling is con- 
ducted, how it and other unlawful practices may be suppressed, and 
wherein the police are remiss or corrupt. If he does not prove to be 
the most useful Police Commissioner that the city has known in 
many a day those who are best acquainted with him will be grievously 
disappointed; and it would seem to be a duty on the part of the ma- 
jority of the Board to recognize the possibilities which he represents 
and encourage him to the full extent of their power in his efforts to 
remove scandal from the Police Department. 

The nervous irritability produced by the exactions of business re- 

auires attention. Nothing will allay that trouble so easily as a 
rink of Argonaut whisky, which would make a man forget all the 
troubles of his existence. It is a wonderful stimulant, and by long 
odds the best whisky in the market to-day. All admirers of good 
liquor drink Argonaut whisky in preference to any other. E. Mar- 
tin & Co., tigents, 40 8 Front street. 

Scrofula's most potent enemy is undoubtedly Ayer's Sarsaparilla. 




Cure You. 








Is at the head of Belliugham Bay, on Puget Sound. It Is the 
Northwest City of the State of Washington; population about 
10,000. It is ihe third city in size aDd wealth in Western Wash- 
ington. All its industries nre thriving. 

IT HAS ADVANTAGES possessed by no other point in the 
State of Washington; the country is rirh in coal, iron, aud other 
minerals: it is rich m agricultural and timber land; the city is 
lighted by electricity; it has two electric street car lines; tbe 
water supply 's from a large mountain lake S16 feet above the 
ci'y front; the quautity of water is unlimited, and is used to 
drive machiuer-r for manufacturing purposes. For domestic 
use it iB unequal? d. 

NEW WHATCOM is the home of the Bellingham Bay and 
Brici h Columbia railroad, and of the Bellington Bay and East- 
ern Railroad; it is the American terminus of the Canadian 
Pac'fle Railway, and the Pacific Coast terminus of the Great 
Northern Railroad; the .Northern Pacific Railroad is making 
preparations to enter t tie city; its harbor is one of the best in 
the world; the steamships of the Pacific Coast S. 8. Company 
for the Norih all go there; steamers arrive at and depart daily 
from New Whatcom for all ports on Puget Sound. 



.A.sis.'fcoia. X s . Stevens, 

STUDIO : 26 Montgomery Stkeet, Room. 8. 

Pupils prepared for Stage, Concert or Drawing Room. A 
Special Class for Teachers who wish to perfect themselves 
in the Banjo's harmony and technic. 






D F 


703 Market Street, Rooms 18, 19 and 20. 


gives Health and Strength to the Sexual Organs. 
Street, San Francisco. 

Perrier-Jouet & Oo. 


Depot at 323 Market 


For sale by all first-class Wine Merchants and Grocers. 

W. B. CHAPMAN, Sole Agent for Pacific Coast, 

123 California Street. 



January 12, 1895. 


The tfarket The reported sales of California gold mines made 
for weekly simmer down considerably upon investiga- 

Gold Mines, tion. Tbere are a good many people looking for 
mines, according to ibeir own account, but when 
it comes down lo paying for them, it is a horse of a different 
color. Tbe most of tbe men who land here from the East have 
little more than personal brass to recommend them. Their mil- 
lions are mythical, and it is only when they get hold of a green- 
horn that tbey manage to bamboozle him into giving a bond on 
a property, which means a license to hawk it all over creation. 
Owners of good paying mines will not bond them unless upon a 
financial showing which will justify the belief that negotiations 
can be closed upon a cash basis, if everything goes all right. This 
is the only way to deal with strangers, and then all agreements 
should be of a cast-iron character, bales of mining property are 
as ticklish as a horse trade, and a church deacon could be as 
safely trusted in the one as in the other. Men are always ready 
with promises of recompense for assistance in putting a deal 
through, but let it be closed, and the sack holding the commis- 
sions and profits is gripped so tightly that no leaks are apt to 
take place, such as paying back bills that cannot be collected by 
law. It is not likely that tbe Alabama deal will be consumated 
in the quarter where it is now being worked. The Oaks Consoli- 
dated, near Soulsbyville, in Tuolumne, is about to be marketed, 
it is said, by tbe new owners, who are not evidently as much en- 
thused over its prospects as they were some months ago, when 
they bought it. They are not the men to let a good thing go if 
they know it. There is considerable nibbling going on at some 
of the "big mines" of the State, but the owners are not in- 
clined to treat with every Tom, Dick, or Harry that may chance 
along. The Marshall party went East again during the week. 
Tbey may close the trade upon their return some weeks hence, as 
they are financially solid. 

$ $ $ 

Cornstock More activity has characterized tbe market on Pine 
Mining street for some days past, and holders of stock in 
Scares. the Comstock mines are beginning to breathe more 
freely with the brightening prospects for livelier 
times. Things looked pretty gloomy on the street for a while, 
and at one time it seemed as if tbere was no possibility of resur- 
recting the market from the slough of despond in which it was 
immured. The improvement which has now set in is of a more 
permanent nature, and free from the spasmodic, jerky conditions 
which marked all previous attempts to advance prices. Tbe im- 
proved condition of the mines on tbe lode has much to do with 
this, and ore developments at different points furnish manipula- 
tors a good base of operations. Con. Gal. -Virginia has declared 
another dividend of 25 cents per share, with a large cash reserve 
on hand in the treasury, which is being augmented monthly 
from the steady bullion output of the mine. 

* $ 5 

IN tbe middle group of mines, Hale & Norcross is looking very 
well, and much is expected to result from present explora- 
tions. At the south end Crown Point is producing ore sufficient 
to keep tbe Mexican mill running, the returns showing very high 
assays in gold. All tbe mines in this quarter are now in full op- 
eration, the repairs having all bet- n completed which involved clos- 
ing down some of the properties for a short period. In the other 
Gold Hill mines Alta has been largely dealt in for some time past, 
and the stock has nearly doubled in value. Quite a nice little 
prospect bas been opened upon the 825 level, where an upraise 
is now being made in a four-foot vein of ore which assays be- 
tween $30 and $40 per ton. The Keystone ledge has also been 
cut at this depth, and it is hoped that good ore will be opened up 
when they get into the hanging wall in thecourse of a few days. 
This vein has been very prolific in mineral where it has been cut 
elsewhere, and tbe Justice is now milline a high grade of ore 
which comes from tbe same source. It is hoped that ore produc- 
tion at this end of the lode will help to put a number of the small 
companies located here on their feet again. Opbir and Mexican 
assessments were delinquent on Thursday. Confidence has been 
assessed 30 cents per share. 

$ $ $ 

Silver Mines Will It may seem a rather long-winded prediction 
Soon in view of present appearances in the bullion 

Boorn Again- market, but nevertheless it is not unreasona- 
ble to expect tbat silver mines will before 
long be anything but a drug in the market. Of course the apostles 
of the different theoretical schools will sneer at tbe statement, but 
they will be wrangling until the breath leaves the body, and the 
world will be little the wiser after all. It will go wagging along 
just tbe same and silver will be coined possibly on a more sensi- 
ble and fairer basis than at present. 

New York Wall street securities during the past week have 
Stocks, been rather dull and inactive, until on Wednesday 
tbe action of Congress regarding the Funding Bill 
started a buying fever which advanced prices fairly well. Near 
the close of Wednesday's session anrue of the larger traders be- 
gan to sell out their holdings. Tbey found a market strong 
enough to hold up under their offerings. The most notable rise 
was in Chicago Gas, which varied four points during the past 
three days. Lickawanna has shown much strength. Jersey 
Central was inclined to work higher, but was heavily sold by in- 
siders, giving brokers an idea tbat something was wrong or in- 
siders would not be peddling out their holdings. Tbe street is 
very bearish on the coalers, so much so that these stocks are kept 
heavily resold, tending to hold them up rather than to depress 
them. Missouri Pacific bas been badly depressed. Thirty days 
ago the stock sold at $30, and on Monday the price was quoted 
at $22. From this point a rally to $23"- took place. Tbe grangers 
seem to hold their own very well, although earnings are not as 
favorable as they were during November, The Vanderbilt group 
have made little or no changes. Tbe specialty list shows some 
improvement over last week's prices. 

$ $ $ 

Local Stocks Tbe movement in the local stock market has 
are in been very satisfactory of late from a broker's 

Good Demaqd. standpoint, which involves an opportunity to 
make commissions. While the range of prices 
bas been very limited, with the exception of the Edison Light, 
tbe tendency has been upward. Tbe stock of the Edison people 
has had a set-back, owing to the threats of competition, but 
prices have rallied a little toward the close. Money is very plen- 
tiful here just now, and much of the spare funds seeks an invest- 
ment in this market. Tbe interest paying stocks meet with the 
best demand, as tbe speculative features in tbe ordinary indus- 
trial shares are badly handicapped by tbe dull condition of trade. 
During the week several corporations paid their regular dividends, 
among which were the following: First National Bank, 5 per 
cent, for the half year ending December 31st; Pacific Gas Improve- 
ment Company, 50 cents per sbare, and Spring Valley Water Com- 
pany, 50 cents per share for the month. On the 15th inst. the 
Bank of California will pay a quarterly dividend of $3 per share, 
and tbe Nevada Bank a dividend at tbe rate of 6 per cent, per 

$ % % 

tfn /Qtternpt The calmer minds of the Pacific Insurance Union 
to are making a determined effort to arrange matters 

ftfake Peace • so that if possible there will be no chance for a 
renewal of trouble in the future. To do this they 
will have to legislate so as to please everybody, and that is diffi- 
cult to do under any circumstances. The sticking point is tbe 
rebates allowed on policies. The more policies floated in tbe year 
by a company means the increase or decrease of business, as tbe 
case may be. The former is tbe standard for which all tbe agents 
are working. Tbey must keep up with the procession or go to 
the wall. A cut in rates is the method adopted to offset the mag- 
nificent popularity of some other institution, which brings busi- 
ness rolling in without much solicitation. The temptation for the 
little fellows is too great to expect all to stand proof against it, 
and tbe question is, can this be checked by legislation? At any 
rate the P. I. U. are going to try and erect some barrier against 
the old Adam which exists in some of the unfortunate inheritors 
of original sin, and a committee of six of the wisest and coolest 
heads in the crowd are now diligently at work trying to solve 
the perplexing conundrum for tbe benefit of the fraternity. 

/fn Important The United States Supreme Court has just 
Decision rendered a decision on a point which is of 

On Insurance. especial interest to insurance men, and a 
warning to agents for outside concerns. Many 
years ago an agent in this city wrote a line of policies in com- 
panies not recognized in this State for tbe reason that they bad 
failed to comply with the law in regard to deposits, etc. The 
agent was sued by* the State Insurance Commissioner, and in due 
course was convicted for violation of the State law. The case was 
taken upon appeal before the United States Supreme Court and 
tbey, after considering tbe matter for years, have just affirmed 
tbe judgment. This will serve to strengthen tbe bands of the 
State official in the continual battle be is compelled to wage 
against wildcat concerns outside cf his jurisdiction, with pre- 
datory failings. 

MR. H. W. GLENNY, at one time Cashier of the Nevada 
Bank in this city, has been appointed agent at Johannesburg 
for the Transvaal & General Association, Limited, a wealthy and 
powerful London incorporation. 

S % % 

THE annual meeting of the shareholders of tbe American Sugar 
Refinery Company was held recently at Jersey City. The 
former directors were re-elected. 




"Hear (he Crier fftiii the devil art lhou? % 

"One that will plr the devil. air. with too." 

MAY ire be permitted to ask, with all the humility for which 
we are famous, what relation there might possibly exist be- 
tween certain violent newspaper antagonism to M.A. ('unsi's 
appointment as Police Commissioner and the intensely confiden- 
tial relations existing between certain police sergeants and the 
newspaper that is grieved by Mr. '-mist's appointment? Of 
coarse If we should Intimate that the police are alarmed by this 
addition to the Police Commission and fear that certain of their 
valuable revenues might be curtailed thereby, and that they are 
using a steamed contemporary to break down the new Commis- 
sioner's power, the deeply interested police sergeants who control 
the criminal news would be deeply grieved, and the proprietor of 
our steamed contempora-y would be shocked. But it happens in 
these days that a principal is held accountable for tbe acts of bis 
agent— a cruel rule. Query for tbe Portia Law Club: Aside from 
legal considerations (which none of us desire to ignore), is it not 
a devilishly unhappy thing for an upright newspaper publisher to 
be forced into tbe position of making himself appear afraid of 
tbe proper control of the Police Department? 

THE effort of the Examiner to arouse the people to a pitch of 
frenzy on tbe highway to morality and reform will be a 
•■tempest in a teapot.' 1 Tbe wheels of its vehicle are not greased 
with the proper lubricating oil. Ite motive power is too well 
known. There exists many aba&es iu tbe city government that 
ought to be, and most be, corrected. The frauds at the late elec- 
tion were but tbe sparks that fanned into a Same, and the flames 
have lit up the corrupt corners and festering sores that have been 
reeking with corruption for years. Tbe most notoriously cor- 
rupt department of the city government has been invaded by new 
blood, and its vigorous application of energy may disclose some 
of the dark spots covered up by inert salurian respectability. It 
is well that this little earthquake has disturbed the moral and 
social atmosphere, as it may institute an investigation, and until 
matters are Investigated thoroughly the good people of Ban Fran- 
cisco will not know where they are at. 

THE recount of the vote for County Clerk up to the present 
time shows either criminal carelessness, negligence, or fraud. 
If the former, there is evidences beyond dispute of an inefficiency 
that should serve as a warning for all future time in the selection 
of men competent and diligent to act as boards of elections. If 
the latter, there is no more fitting asylum for the felons thau San 
Quentin. Such attempts to thwart the wishes of the people, ex- 
pressed through the ballot-box, are treasonable, and the penalty 
for such an act ought to be inflicted. It was just such acts that 
brought about the organization of the Vigilance Committee of 
1S56, and stern justice can alone prevent a similar uprising of 
the people in defense of their sacred rights in promoting honest 

CORONER HAWKINS has, unwittingly, no doubt, opened the 
way for one of those beautiful chapters iu romance that has 
not been read in the public prints since the days of the cele- 
brated "Dear Wife" letters of Sharon to Miss Hill. He charged 
Mrs. Belle Spanier with perjury, and she defends herself by ex- 
posing a letter from her sweet Willie Fluegel. Ah, Willie, you 
are a trump. That was the juiciest love letter that has nauseated 
the public for many a day, and is sufficiently seasoned with rap- 
ture, gush, and gosling to be preserved on ice. But, oh, why did 
"Dear, Darling Belle" select that one epistle to tease and taunt the 
public with its effervescence? Soda and cream of tartar, but it 
was warm ! The Coroner had to surrender for fear tbac her trunk 
was loaded. 

THE winding up of the affairs of The Peoples' Home Savings 
Bank brings to mind an episode of some time ago— so long 
ago that it seems an age — of a certain young man, named R. H. 
McDonald, Jr., who figured on the Rialto as the Napoleon 
of finance, and was taken into the confidence of the Sheriff on 
the charge of having neglected to keep the vaults of his bank 
closed. Although grown musty with age, and the sound of his 
footsteps having died amid the rusty corridors of time, this is not 
legendary. "The mills of thegods grind slow," but they are swift 
in comparison with the scow of justice that might long since 
have resurrected this young Napoleon from the dismal vaults of 
the Old City Hall and restored him to the Rialto. 

THE unemployed patriots who have suffered long in their pa- 
triotic effort to consume the refused hash and charitable 
crumbs from the victims of a natural overflowlof generosity, have 
found it uncomfortable to brook the indignation of the patient 
citizens of Sacramento, and as the legislative boodlers filed into 
the capiiol city, the other tramps were ordered to vacate. Two 
of a kind, and of such a kind, were more than even the long- 
suffering and charitable citizens of Sacramento could stand. Its 
generosity is bounded only by the lack of discrimination. 

AMBLYMAN BLEDSOE ha- put himself in evidence at 
Sacramento again — he wants the State Commlsalons exam- 
ined Into and their useless extravagances curta.lrd. He deserves 
credit for this, and has probably secured his Information from 
tbe columns of the Skwh Lkttkk. Bledsoe Is a queer, crabbed, 
cranky man, narrow of mind and thin of body, a ferret hy in- 
stinct, and, like the turtle, when it bltea, holding on till it 
thunders. He used to be a "journalist," and when he renounced 
that ignoble profession and entered the law he published a book, 
in the preface of which he congratulated himself and the world 
that he had Invaded a wider and grander field. From tbe law he 
took another tltght--into politics. As there seems nothing higher 
than that to aspire to (skirt dancing having fallen into desuetude), 
and "domestic infelicity" having led to a certain sort of fame of 
its own peculiar kind, it is respectfully suggested that only one 
more great achievement seems possible: he might secure the 
position as private usher in the service of Mayor Sutro. 

THE eldest of the sisters in the Washington-street mansion 
would certainly corrugate her brows if she but knew that her 
name is frequently beard at the clubs, and gosBip runs riot among 
tbe belles and beaux since her Oakland escapade, which has not 
passed unnoticed. At some private theatricals given by the 
crime of Oakland some of our exclusives croesed over to witness 
the play, and each and all carried flowers to bestow upon the 
favorites as a fitting tribute to talent. One young man had lost 
the ribbon attached to his bouquet and made known his loss to 
tbe fair Ella. What was his bewilderment when tbe pretty one 
lifted up her silk skirt and deftly detached a long pink satin rib- 
bon, then reaching for his flowers, tied on the ribbon, and with a 
charming smile presented them to tbe confused escort? 

ON account of the cry of fraud at the late election, ex-Surveyor 
Fitzbugh made up his mind that there had been no election, 
and concluded to fix bis grip more firmly upon the public teat. The 
winter has been rather severe so far as It has gone, and shelter 
and hash, et cetera, were comforts devoutedly to be wished. Sur- 
veyor-elect Taylor, equipped with evidences of authority, went 
smiling in to relieve Mr. Fitzhugh, but encountered opposition, 
and was actually compelled to use violence in getting possession 
of his office. City Hall rats are voracious, and they do grind their 
teeth with agony when the petard is applied to hoist them out of 
their comfortable seats. Fitz was led out of his office unceremoni- 
ously, and is now an involuntary wanderer out of a job. 

THERE is some talk of a competing railroad through the San 
Joaquin Valley. It seems that there is considerable dissatis- 
faction in regard to tbe one which Mr. Leeds constructed several 
years ago — on paper— as it has consumed more wind than the 
traffic would bear. It is refreshing to know that there have been 
a few days of silence and inactivity since another yearly contract 
for $10,000 has been entered into. That will almost carry him 
through until another political campaign, when the scheme will 
be revived, if Huntington should not think best to counsel differ- 

THURSDAY evening a Coroner's jury held an inquest on an 
unfortunately dead Wurkheim, who had snuffed his own 
candle by not snuffing the gas in his room; and the jury returned 
this spectacular verdict: " Death caused by asphyxiation by coal 
gas and diabetes of long standing." Clearly, if it was suicide by 
diabetes an insurance policy might be vitiated, but if it was a 
case of gas asphyxiation of long standing some insurance com- 
pany might have a chance to escape bankruptcy. There is only 
one thing funnier than a verdict by a Coroner's jury, and that is 
the face that the foreman makes when he sneezes. 

THE Japanese have an abiding faith in the ultimate extinction 
of the Chinese Empire as the result of the present war. A 
Japanese barber in San Francisco, in discussing the outcome of 
the present conflict, conveyed his idea by taking the map of the 
Oriental country, and with his index finger lined first the border 
lines of Japan, then of Corea, and, with an enthusiastic "bye-and- 
bye," he brushed China away with the palm of his hand. "Heap 
smart. All good soldiers. Great men." 

ONE of the first of Mayor Sutro's "official acts" is the appoint- 
ment of a committee to call a mass meeting for the purpose 
of organizing a Law and Order (Vigilance) Committee to hang C. 
P. Huntington— or something like that. Sutro, Gaden, Monteith 1 
There is a noble trio, before whom Taurus quivers, Orion sheathes 
his sword, and the Pleiades hide their light. And Mr. Sutro's 
s-aloons which girdle the Park are said to be doing a profitable 

THE Examiner appeals to the Democratic minority in the Legis- 
lature to concentrate their strength on the best Republican for 
United States Senator, and not trifle with an opportunity to do a 
grand thing by throwing their votes away on some man who 
craves a mere compliment. The " best Republican " is Borne man 
who will carry out the policy of that paper. Funny, ain't it ? 

WOULD it not be well for some one to whisper to the butterfly- 
society matron who does her duty so thoroughly and conscien- 
tiously that the conspicuous absence of the neglected husband 
may cause remarks ? No doubt the giddy matron and her blonde 
devotee feel safe under the protecting wing of la mere. Mistakes 
have happened before under the shelter of a chaperon. 



January 12, 1895. 

OF a verity are we having a wet winter, for the cry haa been 
for several weeks " the rain it raineth every day," and every 
night, too, for the matter of that. But the moisture which rnaketh 
glad the heart of the farmer, whatever it may do to city dwellers, 
does not seem to have had a very appreciable effect upon the doings 
of society, for its gayeties have continued to go on in an unceasing 
round ever since the opening of the New Year. On Monday evening 
society danced for charity, and the occasion was not only the first 
large charity ball of this season, but was also a decided success. The 
Maple Room never looked more charming, the decorations being in 
excellent taste and very effective, and were thronged with guests, the 
costumes of the ladies, which were remarkably handsome, adding in 
no slight degree to the attractiveness of the scene. Dancing, which 
commenced about half past nine, was kept up vigorously until well 
on towards morning, supper being served uninterruptedly from eleven 
until one o'clock, so at no time was the ballroom deserted by the en- 
tire company. Taken altogether, it was a most enjoyable affair, and 
the managers are to be congratulated upon their efforts to render it so 
and upon having added a nice little sum to the " Little Jim " fund. 

On Tuesday evening there was a hop at the Hotel Oliver, which 
was much enjoyed by those present. Last evening the second large 
dance of the present week took place at Mrs. Thomas's, of which fuller 
mention will be made next week. 

Wednesday afternoon was chosen by Mrs. Louis Monteagle and by 
Mrs. Chauncey Winslow for the entertainment of their lady friends, 
and were so fortunate as to have the first really pleasant day this 
month for so doing. Thursday was a very popular day this week. 
Miss Clarice Sheldon, who next month will be the bride of Cutler 
Paige, gave a tea at the home of her aunt, Mrs. Dutard, on Jackson 
street, in compliment to the Misses Heitshn, of Portland, Oregon, at 
present on a visit to her; the Mills Club held its annual reception at 
the residence of Mrs. Warner, on Franklin street, and there were 
receptions held by Mrs. Horace Hill, on Van Ness avenue, and by 
Mrs. John F. Swift and her sister, Mrs. Norris, at the comfortable 
old Swift domicile, on Valencia street. To-day Miss Helen Wool- 
worth gives a tea at her home on Sacramento street, between the 
hours of four and six, as does also Miss Church, of Franklin street, 
from five to seven. 

There is always a noticeable f alling-off in the attendance at the mid- 
season dances of the Friday Night Cotillion Club, and this year has 
been no exception to the rule, forthe attendanceat Odd Fellows' Hall 
Friday evening did not equal that at either of the other dances here- 
tofore given this winter. However, those who absented themselves 
were scarcely missed; they left more space for dancing, at least, and 
those present declared the evening a delightful one. There has been 
nothing very new in the figures danced by the club so far this year, 
but it is whispered that Mr. Greenway is giving his best ideas to the 
perfection of something novel for the next meetings; and it is ru- 
mored that the members of the "first set" will thoroughly rehearse 
the figure or figures beforehand, so as to be perfect in them when the 
occasions arrive. 

Mrs. Van Ness was fortunate in having a tolerably clear day for 
her tea last Saturday, the gleams of sunshine between showers in the 
afternoon proving sufficiently long to enable most of the expected 
guests to present themselves iu good form, and once there, they en- 
joyed a very pleasant time. The old friends of the former resident, 
Mrs. Louis Haggin, scarcely recognized the house in its new arrange- 
ment. The decoratious, while simple, were pretty; there were 
music and chit-chat, and delicious refreshments were dispensed by a 
number of pretty maidens who assisted Miss Daisy Van Ness. Mrs. 
de Ruyter received witti her mother. 

Mrs. Schwabacher, of Jackson street, has joined the ranks of Sun- 
day tea-givers, her entertainment of Sunday last, however, being en- 
tirely for married people, with the exception of the pretty young 
girls who assisted her in looking after them. To make amends to 
the young people for this apparent discrimination against them, she 
gave a ball on Wednesday evening at which they alone appeared, 
and it proved to be a most delightful affair. The next large" bill in 
private Jewish circles will be at Mrs. Bachman's on Setter street, 
and will take place next Saturday evening. 

There is nothing very elaborate in the programme for next week. 
There will be three or four dinners, as many teas and luncheons, and 
several theatre parties are being got up. For the following week 
there will be an elaborate dinner at Judge Garber's. in Oakland, and 
a calico party is being arranged by Mr. and Mrs. Bouviere as a good- 
bye to Miss Laura McKinstry, who leaves thefollowing day, the 25th, 
for a visit to Mrs. Henley Smith, in Washington City. 

Among the handsome dinners of last week was one given by Mrs. 
Walter, at her Franklin street residence, in honor of Miss Julia New- 

Awarded Highest Honors World's Fair. 



The only Pure Cream of tartar Powder.— No ammonia; No Alma 
Used in Millions of Homes — 40 years the Standard. 

man and her fiance, Mr. Robert Hochstadter, which was quite an 
elaborate affair. The floral adornments and all the accessories of the 
table were of the choicest description, and the menu was delicious. 
The wedding of the young couple, which took place at the Newman 
residence, on Fulton street, Thursday evening, was, owing to recent 
affliction in the groom's family, confined strictly to relatives and 
very intimate friends, and the beautiful bride, who has long borne 
the distinction of being one of the belles in Jewish circles, looked 
more charming than ever in her bridal robe. 

Army circles are in mourning this week over the sudden death of 
Mrs. 0. O. Greene, wife of the Adjutant-General on General For- 
syte's staff, which has caused deep sorrow, not only to her friends 
in the service, but also to the many she has made among the civil- 
ians during her residence in this city. She was a great favorite with 
all whom she came in contact with, both in society circles and other- 

Theatre parties have been a very prominent feature in the present 
season's gaieties, those given at Scheei's Auditorium during the past 
two months coming in under that head. Possibly the largest of these 
gathering was the one which Miss Alice Simpkins recently gave at 
the Baldwin and which was followed by a charming supper at the 
University Club. The opera season opened at the Baldwin on Mon- 
day night in a blaze of glory, fashion being present in large numbers, 
both in couples and in parties, while the solo male contingent were 
content to line the walls and take an occasional seat as opportunity 
offered. Opera parties have been the correct thing during the week, 
and will no doubt continue to be during the brief season of the 
Tavary Company, the little suppers which follow often proving the 
pleasantest part of the evening's performance. 

Another "button" wedding is promised society by the engagement, 
which has just been announced from Mare Island, of Miss Kate 
McDougal and Lieutenant Gorgas, of the U. S. Navy. Miss McDougal 
is a granddaughter of the late Admiral McDougal, at one time Com- 
mandant of the Navy Yard at Mare Island. Tbe marriage of Miss 
Bessie Burgess and Dr. W. B. Sherman took place last Saturday. 
Mrs. Kirkbride has sailed for Honolulu to be present at the marriage 
of her sister. Miss Gertrude Severance, and Charles Sawyer, which is 
to be solemnized on the 29th of January. 

Our society folk, who have been hoping that it might be otherwise, 
are rather disappointed at the finally announced intention of Mr. 
and Mrs. George Crocker making New York their place of perma- 
nent residence. They will, however, they say, pay San Francisco 
frequent visits, and it is expected that the first one will be during the 
next few weeks, which will enable their San Francisco friends to wel- 
come and entertain them ere the present season comes to a close. 

Three kinds, all of equal excellence: 

Brut, An Extra Dry Wine. 

Grand Vin Sec, ADrywme. 
Carte Blanche, ark* wine 

Ttie Highest Grade In the World. 

JB^-Ueed by all the Leading Clubs, Hotels, and Restaurants, and may 
be Triad of all First-Class Grocers and Wiue Merchants. 


124 Sansome St. 


January 12. 18fl~>. 



It Is rather amusing to one who bit no personal Interest in the 
matter, to notice the numerous little dinners the charming little 
cbapervm eives to certain eligible beaux who frequent the Friday 
Nicht Cotillions and the Monday Evening Ing for 

herself a partner for each even: ha adiled prwtig* of ' the ' 

husband. The privileges in >oine cereinonies are oftantimM fttraMd, 
as a guest must prove a willing as well as a smiling victim In 
case. The managing matron i* pronounced a beltc. while the charm- 
ing bads, who enjoy no privileged independence in «uch little mat- 
ters, must wait until sought for. 

F.[»itok Srin I.fttf.r: Permit me to inform you that you were 
mistaken in saying in your last issue that Mr. M. H. Hccht presented 
his charming daughter with the diamond dagger immediately after 
his New Year's address to the San Francisco Yerein. As a matter of 
fact he did not make the present till midnight. Mr. Hccht believes 
that it adds to the sentiment of giving by making the present at mid- 
night — the beginning of the New Year— and he does so as the clock 
strikes twelve, taking that occasion to show the good condition and 
prosperity of the balance sheet. His giving of this present on this 
New Year was not a rarity with him. He has done it for years past, 
and always at the Verein New Year's ball he has given his daughter or 
daughters some elegant piece of jewelry. Some members of the club 
say that the speech made by the grateful daughter was rehearsed at 
home, but this is not true. It was a spontaneous expression of grati- 
tude, and therefore could not have been rehearsed. 

A Mkmber of the San Francis- m Ykrein. 

It used long ago to be a sure thing when the Blood Horse Asso- 
ciation set a dale for a race that the rain came down in torrents. 
The mantle would seem to have fallen upon the Cotillion Club, as 
the pretty buds are unanimous in declaring that it is only neces- 
sary for it to be a cotillion night to ensure a storm. 

It is said that the Admiral and officers of the Philadelphia will 
give a return reception to the officers of the army in the near 
fntnre. The question is now being debated as to the prudence of 
giving an evening dance on board ship during nnsettled weather, 
or making it an afternoon reception and trusting to luck for the 
sunshine. The probabilities are in favor of the latter. 

Mrs. W. V. Huntington is again "in residence" at the Richelieu, 
after a pleasant visit of some duration at Coronado. 

THE Century Clnb and the Channing Auxiliary of the First 
Unitarian Church have taken up the California Pure Food 
Exposition, which will be held at the Mechanics' Pavilion from 
January 28th to February 16th, and will no donbt do what they 
can to help the show along in a social way. The following ladies 
have consented to serve as patronesses of Mrs. Mary Lincoln's 
lectures: Mrs. Louis SIoss, Mrs. Ignatz Steinhart, Miss Sarah D. 
Hamlin, Mrs. C. W. Crocker, Mrs. Sylvain Weill, Dr. Charlolt-i 
Blake Brown, Mrs. W. M. Bunker, Mrs. John D. Spreckels, Mrs. 

E. B. Pond, Mrs. John F. Merrill, Mrs. M. H. de Young, Mrs. 
Horace Wilson, Mrs. M. H. Hecht, Mrs. Sarah B. Cooper, Mrs. 
W. H. Mills, Mrs. Geo. K. Fitch, Mrs. John F. Swift, Miss Kate 
Beaver, Mrs. W. J. Dutton, Mrs. Windsor L. Brown, Mrs. Louis 

F. Monteagle, Mrs. A. Ohesborough, Mrs. F. M. Pixley, Mrs. F. 
A. Frank, Mrs. 8. Wenban, Mrs. A. S. Hallidie. 


LANGLEY'S Directory is so old and well established an institu- 
tion that it needs no recommendation. The published state- 
ments to the effect that it is in the hands of a receiver are not 
true. The interests representing it have combined and are now 
preparing a directory which shall combine all the valuable old 
features and many new ones in addition. Its value as an adver- 
tising medinm is fully recognized by the business institutions of 
city. The company is also preparing a Society Blue Book, which 
is to be the best of its kind, and those who desire to secure it 
should lose no time in sending in their subscriptions. 

THE promised advent of Madame Yale, the famous exponent of 
health, beauty, and physical culture, has made a great stir 
throughout local Feraininedom. Her first lecture is to be de- 
livered at the Baldwin Theatre next Monday afternoon at 2:30 
o'clock, and those who desire comfortable seats should lose no 
time in securing them. 

THE Union Trust Company has removed to its exceedingly 
handsome new banking rooms in the Union Trust Company 
Building, corner of Montgomery, Post, and Market streets. The 
new safe deposit vaults are of the latest design, and are sure to 
become a very popular feature of the company in its new quar- 

THE Sparta Restaurant, corner of Sansome and Merchant 
streets, had a grand opening last Saturday evening, at which 
most of the bon vivants of town were present to see the handsome 
parlors and enjoy the delicious cooking. 

Go to Morse's for the best photos— Cabinets, Paris Panels. Crayons, 
etc. Prices to suit the times. Top floor, Columbian building, 916 
Market street. Take elevator. 




On "Yale's System of Health, 
Beauty and Physical Culture," 

Now going on at the 


MONDAY, Jan. 14th, 

At 2:30 p. m. 

Somewhere to Dine. 

THERE'8 many a man — saiat or sinner — 
Who knows not the right place to go 
In search of a lunch or a dinner, 

Not too dear, but yet served comme il faut. 
Now here's the address— read and mark it— 

Where the choice of the best is at hand, 
Stalls 68 and 70, California Market— 

Moraghan's Oyster Stand. 
There's no need to look far for the reason 

Why the patronage pays in the pelf, 
For they serve all the good things in season, 

And the boss runs the business himself/ 
And the delicate, succulent oyster 

Is ever in greatest demand 
In that pleasant, convenient cloister, 

Moraghan's Oyster Stand. 

" Californians " or " Easterns," they all are 

Put up in the daintiest style. 
And it's very well spent is a dollar 

In sampling these bivalves a while; 
For the epicure ne'er finds an oyster 

In any lay-out in the land 
That tempts him to revel and royster 

Like Moraghan's Oyster Stand. 


of Removal. 

The Union Trust Company of San Francisco has 
removed to its new banking rooms in the Union 
Trust Company Building, corner of Montgomery, 
Post, and Market streets. This company does 
a Savings, Trust, and General Banking Business, 
and has Fire and Burglar Proof Safe Deposit 
Vaults of the most modern and best approved 

Rent of safes, $4 to $100 per apiju/Tt. 

Inspection Invited. 



January 3 2, 1S&5. 

WHAT a twitter of excitement our rich, very rich girls must be 
in over tbe announcement that an envoy of the Mikado is 
soon to visit Europe for the purpose of procuring a wife for the 
heir to the Japanese Empire! Now, where the interest to our 
women comes in is that, failing a European Princess, tbe envoy 
is said to be directed to choose an American heiress! 

The idea of forming a » Jack Pot " society of young bachelors 
has "caught on " to a great extent among our beaux, and if suc- 
cessfully carried out it may result in several nwtrimonial engage- 
ments before Eastsrtide. It is a well known fact that some of our 
most attractive young men are not sufficiently well endowed with 
this world's goods to enable them to ask an equally dowerless 
girl to share life's path. But in this last scheme, recently put in 
running order by tbe Detroit bachelors, the chief stumbling block 
to some of our young society beaux will be the obligatory answer- 
ing of several questions, especially the one, *» Have you a pro- 
pensity for falling in love, and how often have you been in that 
state? " Our soldier boys do not, it is said, look upon the idea 
with favor. Tbeir distaste for tbe latter part of the question 
would be alone sufficient bar to their joining tbe association. But 
tbe principal one is that their choice of damsels is already made, 
and it remains to be seen whether, in the ladies' case, "Barkis 
is willin'." 

* # * 

The signs of the times seem to indicate that no matter in how 
ironclad a fashion a man of millions may make bis will, there 
will be found, like tbe heel of Achilles, a weak spot. Latter days 
show us that no rich man or woman can leave his or her money 
to be distributed as desired. So tbe conclusion arrived at is that 
if one really wishes no possible prevention of one's wishes being 
carried out an ante-mortem deed is what does the business. Wit- 
ness old man Sharon's deed and the non-contested estate so suc- 
cessfully administered upon by Frank Newlands. The deed idea 
was, it is said, suggested by General Barnes to hi-; client, tbe 
dying Sharon, and that it has proved to be the sure thing is al- 
ready shown. > 

* * * 

It cannot be said that tbe reputed marital troubles of Trux 
Beale and his lately wedded wife will evoke much sympathy on 
this side of the American continent. The Beale family, individu- 
ally and collectively, have never been known to waste sentiment 
on anything outside of coin ; while in the East it is an open secret 
that the diplomacy for which the Blaine family is noted had a 
powerful hand in bringing about the marriage. What other 
finale could have been expected with such a basis? 

* * # 

The world at large may not be aware that one of tbe cosiest 
places for " a quiet flirtation," as the buds call it, " a howling 
good time," as Wilcox would say, " a charming opportunity of 
getting better acquainted," as one of the lady writers of tbe char- 
ity edition describes it, — exists on the outskirts of the Park on 
the road to the be. ch, where a little cottage is standing as a ref- 
uge from a shower, a rest for weary pedestrians, or any of the 
uses above mentioned. 

* • » 

It seems to be an accepted fact that Burlingame is the para- 
dise of young married women. Tbe lais^er aller, or, as Addison 
Mizner would put it, tbe » let-her-go-Gallagber " style of the 
place is eminently suited to the airy, fairy matrons who drive 
down of a holiday and patronize the men who assemble at tbe 
club house. It is so nice to be able to quaff a glass of wine or 
puff a cigarette en camarade. 

* * * 

Handsome Walter Dean does not seem to be as enthusiastic a 
" swimmer" this year as society has found him in seasons past. 
Insiders claim to know the reason why, and lay the blame upon 
a Uately belle. However, the young beau is in no danger of neg- 
lect from bis fair friends, as no one in the swim receives brighter 
glances and sweeter smiles than he when he appears among them. 

w * # 

The vocal feature introduced into theScheel orchestral concerts 
did not have the desired effect; tout au contiaire. But after tbe 
alterations of the Auditorium, now to be pushed forward, it re- 
mains to be seen if the attractions of the ballet will not be more 
effective in filling the house and the exchequer of the accom- 
plished maestro. 

Johann Strauss, who has just celebrated his Jubilee in Vienna, at 
the age of seventy, has a remarkable physique. He is up at half-past 
five every morning, and after a pint of Moet & Chandon Champagne, 
and a dash of bitters, he walks for an hour before taking breakfast. 

— iV. Y. Herald. 

A. de Luze & Fils., 



After dinner try Adams' Pepsin Tutti-Frutti Chewing Gum. 
will find it admirable. 

By removing causes of irritation, and by preserving a healthy 
state of the system during infancy, Steedman's Soothing Powders 
made their reputation. 


St. Estephe 
Brown Cantenac 
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Pontet Canet 
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Sauternes Sup'r 
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Immortality of the Bi<£ "Trees. 
Jtye ^Ipbabet ar?d lai^ua^e. 

U/ealtb apd pouerty of Qtyica^o pair. 

This book has been favorably noticed by all of 
the papers here. It is a book for students; it 
is a book of facts in connection with the very 
highest literary studies. 

U/m. Doxey, publisher, 

63/ Market St.. Under Palace Hotel. 

Eureka Garden Hose. 







Goodyear Rubber Co., 

R. H. Pease, Vice-President and Manager. 
577-579 Market St., S. F. 73-75 First St., Portland, Or. 


January 12, 1895. 

SJlS ri:\v lsro NEWS LETTJ R. 



FKW gtrl« are dauntless enouph to risk 
bun* married on a Friday and also Id 
tbe mooih of May, which Is considered a 
very unlucky time, while June, Septem- 
ber. October, and Pecember are ilrrim-.i 
tbe luckiest months of the year, but even 
then she must avoid the 13th day. 

Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday are 
considered the best days to be married on 
It assurance of happiness Is desired for. 
Monday for wealth, 
Tuesday for health. 

Wednesday the best day of all ! 
Thursday for crosses, 
Friday fori 
Saturday no luck at all. 
Alt bridea-elect rejoice when tbe mar- 
riage day dawns brightly, remembering 
the old adage: 

Blest is the bride upon whom the sun doth 
And all are equally certain that: 

To change the name and not the Letter 

Is a change for the worse and not the better. 

Tbe day following the wedding belongs 
exclusively to the husband, and fortunate 
for him if it be fair. 

In tbe earliest days among tbe Jews the 
fourth day of the week was considered 
onlucky for maidens to wed and tbe fifth 
for widows. The Romans considered tbe 
nones and ides of each month as unlucky. 

The postponement of a wedding is even 
now considered with such horror tbat 
many will be wedded on a sick bed or in 
a house of muurning rather than change 
the date. 

It is an overbold woman, indeed, who 
will let her vanity so far get the better of 
her as to don her bridal robes in their en- 
tirety before tbe hcur set for the cere- 
mony, as such an act presages death and 
dire misfortune. 

In fact, the bride's toilet has a great deal 
to do with her future happiness, and it is 
a wise girl who remembers all the super- 
' atitions pertaining to it. 

She should always remember to put her 
right shoe on first, for to don the left first 
portends an unhappy married life. 

White is the color usually chosen for 
bridal robes, signifying purity and inno- 
cence, but others may be chosen wisely, 
as the following rhyme asserts: 

Married in white, 
You have chosen all right. 
Married in gray, 
You will go far away. 
Married in black, 
You will wish yourself back. 
Married in red, 
You'd better be dead. 
Married in green, 
Ashamed to be seen. 
Married in blue, 
You'll always be true. 
Married in pearl, 
You'll live in a whirl. 
Married in yellow, 
Ashaioed of the fellow. 
Married in brown. 
You'll live out of town. 
Married in pink. 
Your spirits will sink. 

Then no bride must go to the altar 
without "something old, and something 
new, something borrowed and something 
blue." Neither must she, after her toilet 
is complete, look at herself in tbe mirror. 

She mast Bee that no bridal guest wears 
a costume entirely black, as that would 
bring her sorrow. On changing her gown 
she must throw away every pin used in 
the bridal attire. 

No girl who would be a happy bride 
must take a hand in the making of her 
wedding cake or the sewing of her bridal 

To try on a wedding ring before the 
ceremony is nnpropitions. Should the 
shaking hand of the groom drop this sym- 

t ol of love in the act uf putting it on the 
brides uoger, the ceremony t.*<l beiur be 
stopped right there. ToloMll is prophetic 
of evil, and many fancy to remove it 
after It I* placid on Lht linger Is unlucky. 

Tbe throwing ol rice ami ol<l lllpp 
descendt d from antiquity, rice m-m log 
fertility ami plenty, while the old b*icm Ii 
supposed to invoke the favor of the tickle 

No bride or groom must turn back after 
once starting, and the bride roust be sure 
when she leaves home to place In her 
pocket a silver coin, so that In future 
years she may not come lo want- 
Above all things should a bride weep 
on her wedding day, no matter how happy 
•the may be. She must squeeze out a tear 
or 10, for tbe bride who neglects to weep 
—HI Ko vorv nnhappv Indeed. — Ktchangt, 

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Coughs, Golds, Weak Lungs, Emaciation and Consumption. 
Send for pamphlet on ScolV s Emutsion. FREE. 

Scott & Bowne, N. Y. All Druggists. 50 cents and SI. 

WalkWille , Canada. ™^ 

The age and genuineness of this whisky are guaranteed by the Excise Department 
of the Canadian Government by certificate over the capsule of every bottle. From the 
moment of manufacture until this certificate is affixed, the whisky never leaves the custody 
of the Excise officers. No other Government in the world provides for consumers this in- 
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is particularly adapted for medicinal use. 

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January 12, 1895. 


^*PHE slate bas gone forever from the public schools of Boston. 
1 Paper and lead pencil have taken its place." This bit of 
school news is considered of sufficient importance to be sent 
across the continent as the forerunner of a new educational 
movement. Indeed, some of the newspapers have made this 
statement the text for profound editorials, saying that Boston's 
action bas settled the slate's destiny, and that the creak of its 
pencil cannot long survive in the more enlightened districts of the 
United States. It may be as is claimed, that Boston's notions of 
education are promptly copied; but for the enlightenment of 
those who make this claim, and possibly for a diminution of 
their self-conceit, be it told that for years in 8an Francisco there 
have been teachers who have pronounced against the continued 
use of slates in onr schools. 

San Francisco is so far away from the centers of thought that 
people on the other side of the Rockies fall into the error of 
imagining that we cannot originate anything, particularly in an 
educational way. When tj their surprise they nod us working 
along the same or similar lines as have suggested themselves to 
them, they at once take it for granted that, unknown to their 
own consciousness, they were the inspiration of our bright ideas. 
So it was with the daily Hag salute in our public schools, first 
advocated in the News Letter, and so with manyother ideas. 

But undoubtedly the slate will have to go. Educators have 
long regarded its presence in the schoolroom as an unmixed evil. 
It is noisy. A class of fifty, each pupil armed with a slate, a 
pencil box and a rule, can make mure noise than many a battery 
of minute guns. Slates have a fondness for falling on the floor, 
they commit suicide in all sorts of ways, and then, they are a 
menace to the health of the cnildreu. Is that a fanciful objection? 
Have yon ever seen a class of children cleaning their slates? 
Well, then, a valid objection is sustained. No matter how a 
teacber may protest against the national fault of promiscuous 
and untimely expectoration, however she may inveigh against 
the cuspidor use of slates, as long as slates are nsed there will 
always be some children who will spit on their slates and clean 
tbem with palm, and polish them with coat sleeve, or handker- 
chief. It is no exaggeration to say that a class which does not 
use slates is eighty per cent cleaner in face and bands than those 
who do. As one authority says, "Get rid of elates and you get 
rid of the dirtiest and most demoralizing habits that are born and 
bred in the scnoolroom." 

In order to prevent a class from practicing this dirty habit, 
conscientious teachers have tried all sorts uf devices. Each child 
has been compelled to have a slate rag and a sponge; monitors 
pass through the aisles at stated times, either pouring water on 
each slate from a bottle, or allowing each child to dip bis own 
sponge into the one basin of water carried from child to child. 
Any one who bas ever looked at the water when it started, and 
then at it when it bas gone through the aisles, and then in the 
face of the microbe theory deny that ringworms and other skin 
diseases may be communicated through the sponge and the slate 
rag! In endeavoring to avoid this danger, teachers have allowed 
each child to keep his own bottle of water. 

Bnt only a teacber who has gone through the slate experience 
can know and appreciate what an element of discord the slates 
are in any class. The disputes over their ownership, the charges 
and counter-charges of breaking each others' slates, the plaint 
that the '-sponge isn't wet," the theft of slate pencils, the shriek- 
ing of an unwilling bit o' gritty slate pencil, or, worse than all, 
the sonnd of a dull knife sharpening a "soap stone," the dis- 
appearance of sponges and slate rags and toe bemoaning and 
accusatory wails of their owners, the wet and slop, and the fight- 
ing with sponges, and tbe "slinging" of water from these bumble 
engines of war, or tbe squirting of water from narrow necked 
sauce bottles, the breaking of slate pencils into liny bits and their 
use as missiles "fired" to all parts of the room — these are a few 
of the reasons why teachers who believe that the best way of 
maintaining discipline is to eliminate tbe sources of disorder 
from the class room, are anxious to insist upon the banishment 
of tbe slate. 

Those who wish to retain the slates say that paper is more ex- 
pensive. Yes, a little; but consider tbe advantages. 

Tbe very best slates are apt to get dirty and greasy, and then 
writing on tbem is not only difficult to make, but almost impos- 
sible to decipher, and from its illegibility and the consequent 
attempt to read it, highly injurious to tbe eye. With the best of 
slates the ratio of visibility as compared with ink writing or pen- 
cil writing on paper is as 3 to 4. How this difference is magnified 
when dirty and greasy slates are used, it is easy to see. White 
slates are to be preferred to black ones. "It is simply cruelty," 
says John Jackson, author of the system of upright penmanship, 
or hygienic handwriting, "to insist upon the children writing on 
the black and greasy slates in a room imperfectly lighted, and as 
in numerous instances, with the light at their backs. Tben the 
slate pencils are generally short, stubby, and gritty. What 
wonder that many children oot only acquire a wretched style of 
writing/but also injure their eyes while in tbe primary grades 
and never fully recover from the effects? 

The adoption of good paper for pen and ink writing, of un- 

glazed paper aud a moderately soft lead pencil for arithmetic ex- 
ercises, will simplify tbe teacher's work as regards discipline and 
in teaching. A paper that is glazed hurts the eyes. 

Tbe adoption of tbe vertical system of handwriting in our 
schools will keep our children in a good position; they will sit 
squarely in front of their desks, hold their backbones erect, and 
look at their work at the same angle of vision, instead of tilting 
the bead at an angle of forty-five degrees, as in the Spencerian 
system, which compels one eye to sustain twice tbe strain that is 
imposed upon the other. To say nothing of the curvature and 
crookedness of the spine that is bound to follow. And yet there 
are fanatics who will resist tbe advance of rational ideas. 






For SavingToil &£xpense 
Without Injury To The 
Texture. Color OrHanos. 




It bristles with 
good points, 

and the minute they 

J; spy dirt they rise up 

£: and go fof it. No 

^ — matter what it's on 

i^- — linen, laces, silk, 

1^ woolens, flannel, mar- 

^~ ble, china, glass, 

j— wood, metal, or your 

jt-~ own person, Pearl- 

ine will get the dirt 

off with the least 

trouble and labor. 

It saves that ruinous wear and tear that comes 

of rubbing. Another point to think of : Pearline 

is harmless to any washable substance or fabric.w- 


Sierra Nevada Silver Mining Company. 
The regular annual meetiug of the stockholders of the Sierra Nevada 
Silver Minine Company will he held at the office of the company, 
room 15, Nevada Block, 309 Montgomery street, San Francisco. Cal., on 

Wednesday, the 1 6th Day of January, 1 896, at the hour of 1 o'clock P. M ., 
For the purpose of ejecting a Board of Trustees to serve for the ensuing 
year ana the transaction of such other business as may come before the 
Transfer books will close on Saturday, January 12, 1895. at 12 o'clock m. . 

E L. PARKER, Secretary 
Office— Room 15, Nevada Block, 309 Montgomery street, San Francisco, 


Oeeanie Steamship Company. 
The regular annual meeting of the stockholders of the Oceanic Steam- 
ship Compauy, will be held at the office of the company, 327 Market 
street, Sau Francisco, Cal , on 

Monday, the Twenty-first Day of January, 1895, at 11 o'clock A. M. 
for the election of a Board of Directors for the ensuing year and for the 
transaction of such other business as may come before the moetiag. 
Transfer books will close on Tuesday, January 8, 1S95. at 3 o'clock p. M. 

E. H. SHELDON, Secretary. 
Office— 327 Market street, San Francisco, Cal. 


Pajaro Valley Railroad Company. 

The regular annual meeting of the stockholders of the Pajaro Valley 
Ra Iroad Company will be held at the office of the company, 327 Market 
street, San Francisco, Cal., on 

Monday, the Twenly-first Day of January, 1895, at 2 o'clock P. M. 
for the election of a Board of Directors to serve for the ensuing year and 
the transection of such other business as may come before the meeting 

Transfer books will close on Tuesday, the 8th day of January, 1895, at the 
hour of 3 o'clock p. M. E. H SHELDON, Secretary. 

O ffice— 327 Market St , San Francisco, Cal. 


Consolidated California and "Virginia Mining Company. 

At a meeting of the Board of Directors of the above named company, 
held on the 8th day of January, 1895, a dividend (No. 39) of twenty-five 
U5) cents per share was declared on the capital stock of the company, pay- 
able TUESDAY, January 15, 1995. 

Transler books close on Tuesday, January 8. at 3 p m. 

A.W. H A.VEN3, Secretary. 

Office— Room 58, Nevada Block, 309 Montgomery street. San Francisco, 
Cal ifornia. __ 

The Model American Caterer. 

1206 SUTTER ST., S. F. Telephone 2388. 

January 12, 189">. 




THE most utuDlsbioK tbiDK about the Loan Exhibition for the 
benttii of the M*na Kip Orphanage is the (inure that con- 
fronts one at the bead of the stairs. What he or she represents 
the stars alone can tell; the cross-barred shadow which extends 
head downward from the figure's feet is painfully suggestive of a 
Sao Quentin costume. Certainly ibe artist might have been 
happier in bis conception of something illustrative of the charity 
extended to parentless little ones! In one way the exhibition Is 
rather better than some which have been held in the last year or 
two. A number of the paintings are familiar, but there are 
enough new ones to arouse interest. c.tTOme is quickly recog- 
nized in the two scenes showing the Oriental rug dealer and bis 
wares. Number 15 is especially pleasing, the work not being as 
diagrammatic as is bis usual treatment of such subjects. A gem 
of a Meissonier; one of Fromentiu's dramatic and spirited desert 
scenes; a characteristic Viben, with its delicacy of color and de- 
tail in the depicting of monastic life; and two bright ami dashing 
canvases by Zimacois, are well worth the looking at. The 
Troym is very poor, and the Corot raises some doubts in the 
minds of those who have seen vastly different work under that 
master's name. As for the impressionist pictures, they may 
possess their values from an artist's point of view, but tbey are 
caviare to the general public, only the public does not dare speak 
its mind. Be it Degas or Claude Monet, there is neither attractive- 
ness nor pleasure to be found in the work of either. A stiff 
little cottage emoowered in woolly trees; a few straight lines 
called poplars, standing stiff and stark in the foreground; and a 
hay-stack, which might as well be named a thatched hut, are 
three samples of this peculiar "school of art." In the figure 
sketches. Les Dansenses, and La Baigoeuse, two of each, there is 
neither delicacy, grace, nor beauty of outline. Why that part of 
the toilet which is usually performed in the privacy of one's 
apartment should be selected as a subject for an artist's brush, 
and, furthermore, chosen to adorn a gallery, is beyond the com- 
prehension of the ordinary mortal. 

Keith's landscapes are a rest and comfort for tired minds and 
eyes. Inness has a good piece of work, and the two cattle pieces 
by Van Marcke and Sir Meulen are very attractive in their natural- 
nevs and general effect. As one recognizes the canvases wbich 
have done duty on similar occasions, the question comes as to 
the possibility of a Loan Exhibition of paintings never before 
exhibited in San Francisco. Certainly there must be sufficient 
material to have at least fifty entirely new pictures, and the 
novelty would be worth paying for. 

$7500 will purchase exclusive right for all territory west of Mis- 
souri River for one of the simplest and most profitable mechanical 
devices ever invented. Costs less and pays more than Telephone, 
Phonograph, or Kinetoscope. Purchaser can, without further out- 
lay, realize net annual income of $10,000 in San Francisco alone. 
Address S. L., San Francisco News Letter. 

The best remedy for constipation is Ayer's Pills. They never fail. Have 
you seen Ayer's Almanac for this year? 





CHAS. A. LATON, Manager. 439 California Street, S. F. 


William Macdonald, Manager. D. E. Miles, Ass't Manager. 



CAPITAL $10,637,800. 

Net Surplus Over Liabilities 3,116,305 

305 Montgomery Street, San Francisco 

Oldest Stock Fire Insurance Company in the U. S. 



CAPITAL FULLY PAID $3,000,000.00 

Office Pacific Department: 41% California St.,S. P. 

JAMES D. BAILEY, General Agent. 

SUN INSURANCE OFFICE. Of LOndOn. [Founded A. D. mo. 

Cash Assets, $10,270,535- Oldest purely fire insurance office in the world. 


Established A. D. 1879. Cash Assets, $1,108,095. 

THE IMPERIAL INSURANCE CO. LTD.. of London unstated m 

Cash Assets, $9,362,920. 40 years in business on the Pacific Coast. 

««. J L1JDERS. Slwurar for the Pacific Coast. 205 Sansoine St., Sear Pine. 





CAPITAL. $1,000,000. | ASSETS, $3,000,000. 

V. Carus Drlmclil, Manager Tor the Pacific Coast Branch. 

S80 >ji us,.,,,,. j)t., s, p. 


AgontB City Department, 
338 <nll.ori.laSt.. S.F.,Cal. 



Storase capacity, 100,000 Tons. Regular Warehouse for Man 
Francisco Produce Exchange Call Board, 

Jf'^ £" ehouses are the largest on the Pacific Coast, and are furnished 
7 iS n h » lat e, Bt ' m Pn>Tements for the rapid handling and storing of Grain. 
tauUua Smutty' S^ W " h the be8t " nd «°™' machinery forcleauing 
rn^,°^Mo! <1 ^ n ? e 5 M . , lowes .' ratesof Interest on grain stored In Warehouses, 
ff de S ir U e C d?aTcu?r d enVr°aTls" ""** '" * iM - Cl ™ Companies, or Grainsold! 
Office ol the Company, 2 02 Sansome St., over the Anglo-Callfornla Bat*. 


0AP1TAL .^ *6,7OO,O0O 



No. 316 California Stree t, San Francisco . 


OF BOSTON. MASSACHUSETTS. Assets 119,724,638.40 


HENRY K. FIELD, General Agent, 
Mills Building Montgo mery Street, San Francisco. 


Established 1835. 
Capital, 92,250,000. Total Assets, $6,864,653 66 
United States Department: 204 SANSOME ST., SAN FRANCISCO. 
VOSS, CONRAD «t CO.. General Managers. 






These three Companies are liahle jointly and severally for all Losses thBt 
may be sustained. 

HARRY W. SYZ, General Agent, 
110 California St., Sa n Francisco, Cal 


fEsiablished by Royal Charter, 1720. | 


[Established 1836.] 
Office— Northwest corner Sacramento and Montgomery Street. 

GEO. F. GRANT, Manager 



Capital Paid Up J 500,000 

AssetB 8,181,768 

Surplusto Policy Holders. 1,525,157 


401 Montgomery street. 
BOYD & DICKSON, S. F. Agents, 

501 Montgomery Street 



(Incorporated A. D.,1799.) 

BUTLER & HALDAN, Gen'l Agents, 

413 California Street, San Francisco 



January 12, ]895 


I'VE a secret to impart, 
Bweet Marie, 
Though I fear 'twill break your heart, 

Sweet Marie. 
For the hired girl's been rash 
And has married her last mash 
And you'll have to cook the hash. 

Sweet Marie. —Indianapolis Journal. 

Bikks— I don't see how you can remember the birthdays of all the 
children. Mrs. Binks— it's very easy. The first was born on 
August 17th. I remember it because on that day you gave me a pearl 
necklace with my name and the date on the clasp. The second was 
born July 20th. " On that day you gave rae a fifty cent book with my 
name and the date on the fly-leaf. The third was born May (>tb. On 
that day you got mad at a millinery bill which had just been sent in, 
and it isn't paid yet. — New York Weekly. 

Mr. Bokdstock — I wish, my dear, you would not engage any more 
foreign servants; it is too much bother to try and understand them. 
Mrs. Bondstock— Why, I always looked upon you as a linguist. 
Mr. Bokdstock— So 1 am, I can get alongall right with the Austrian 
footman, the Irish coachman, vour French maid, and even our 
Chinese cook. But the new English butler is too much for me. 

—New York World. 

Col. Yerger— Just think of the deception practiced every day. 
Now, if we could make $25 by telling a lie, your sense of honor would 
not allow you to do it. would it? Wamjdoodle Baxter— Dunno, 
boss— dunno. Seems ter me dat am er matter of bizuess wharin 
honah hain't got nuffin ter sav. Say, boss, whar is dat man wid 
de $25 ? — Texas Si flings. 

She (complainingly)— Before we were married you used to bring 
me flowers every day, but now you never think of buying me even a 
bunch of violets. He (gallantly)— The pretty flower girls don't attract 
my attention so much as they used to. She— you darling! Never 
mind; I don't really care for flowers, anyway. —New York Weekly. 

The king of Dahomey evinced decided displeasure. "Why," he 
thundered, " don't the Amazons quit shooting? Can't tbev see that 
flag of truce?" The chief of stall' shook his head. "No, your 
majesty," he replied; " the flag of truce was raised after the order to 
fire was given them." — Detroit Tribune. 

" Do you think, Miss Fannie," he said, " that the time will ever 
come when women will propose to the men?' 1 She lifted up her 
beautiful eyes and looked him squarely in the face. "Never, Mr. 
Smith," she replied, " if they are anything like you." 

—Detroit Free Press. 

Once upon a time a Bicycle accosted a Horse. "Get off the earth !'' 
said the Bicycle; " I'm going to supplant you entirely." The Horse 
smiled. " Nay, nay," it rejoined, gently ; " they can't make canned 
corned beef out of you." ' —Puck. 

A girl in town is soon to be married to a man whom she is in love 
with because she never had a chance to love any one else. This is 
not mentioned because it is remarkable; it is the case in a majority 
of engagements. — Atchison Globe. 

Jinks— Why are you forever bothering me about that bill I owe 
you? Minks— I need the money. Jinks— Then you ought to be 
able to sympathize with me. I need the money, too. 

— New York Weekly. 

He— I wonder when you will be able to set as good a table as my 
mother does? She— By the time you are able to provide as good a 
table as your father does, my dear. —Burlington Gazette. 

Little Girl — Mamma says I must study grammar this term. Lit" 
tle Boy— What's that for? Little Girl— That's so I can laugh 
when folks make mistakes. — Pearson's. 

Tinkle— Why do you insist upon calling Chumley a hero? I can't 
see the slightest resemblance. Wrinkle— Isn't he exactly like those 
idiotic men you read of in novels? 

Wife— Do you really love me, my pet? Husband— 1 adore you, 
my sweet, and am prepared to give you any proof of the fact not ex- 
ceeding 100 francs. — II Carlino. 

Little Johnny— The teacher said to-day that we belong to the ani- 
mal kingdom. Do you believe boys and girls are animals. Little 
Ethel— Boys is. —Good News. 

"I want a apple," said Tommie. " You've just had one," said his 
mamma. " I know 'at," said Tommie; "but it wasn't the one I 
wanted." — Answers. 

A -well-dressed man is proud of his furnishing goods, and every 
well-dressed man knows that John W. Carmany, 25 Kearny street, 
keeps the finest and latest line in the city. 



Fire and Marine Insurance Agents, 

309 and 311 Sausome St San Francisco, t'al 


FINDLA Y, DURHAM 4 BRODIE 43 and 46 Thread needle St. , London 

SIMPSON, MACKIRDY & CO 29 South Castle St. , Liverpool 

FDER8T BR08. A CO 2 and 4 Stone St., New York 

Not even "pearl glass" or 
"pearl top" lamp-chimneys 
are right, unless of right shape 
and size for your lamp. See 
"Index to Chimneys." 

Write Geo A Macbeth Co, 
Pittsburgh, Pa, maker of 
tough glass. 



Paid-up Capital, »l ,000,000. 

Corner Montgomery and California Streets, San Francisco. 

J. D. FRY, President HENRY WILLIAMS, Vice President 

J. Dalzell Beown Secretary and Treasurer. 

This company is authorized by law to act as Executor, Administrator, 
Assignee, Receiver or Trustee. It is a legal depositary for Court and Trust 
Funds. Will take entire charge of Real and Personal Bsta'es, collecting 
the income and profits, and attending to all such details as an individual 
in like capacity could do. 

Acts as Registrar and Transfer Ageut of all Stocks and Bonds. 

Keceives deposits subject to check aud allows interest at the rate of two 

Ser cent per annum on daily balauces. Issues certificates of deposits 
earine fixed rates of interest. 

Receives deposits in its saviogs department from $1 upwards, and allows 
the usual rate- of interest thereon. 

KFN'ls SAFES inside its burglar-proof vaults at prices from $5 per 
annum upwards, accord! ug to size. Valuables of all kinds may be stored 



Corner California and Webb Streets. 

DEPOSITS. June 30, 1894 $24,061,791 27 

GUARANTEE CAPITAL and Surplus 1.627.052 43 

directors — Albert Miller, President; E. B. Pond, Vice-President; 
Thomas Magee, G. W. Beaver, Charles Pace, Daniel E. Martin, W. C. B. 
De Fremery, George C. Boardmau, J. G. Eastland ; Lovell White, Cashier. 

Receives Deposits, and Loans only on real estate security. Country re- 
mittances may be sent by Wells, Fargo & Co., or by check of reliable 
Sarties, payable in San Francisco, but the responsibility of this SavingB 
ank commences only with the actual receipt of the money The signa- 
ture of the depositor should accompany the first deposit. No charge 1b 
made for pass book or entrance fee. Office hours— 9 a. m. to 3 p. m. Satur 
day evenings, 6:30 to 8. 


Authorized Capital $3,500,000 | Capital Paid Vp $2,450,000 

Reserve ... $500,000 

8an Francisco Office — 124 California St. London Office— 73 Lombard St., E.C. 
Portland Branch— Chamber of Commerce Building. 
Tacoma Branch— 115b Pacific Ave. 
Manager, ARTHUR SCRIVENER. Assistant Manager, WILLIAM STEEL. 
LONDON BANKERS— Bank of England and London Joint Stock Bank. 
NEW YORK— Diexel, Morean & Co BOSTON— Third National Bank. 

This Bank is prepared to transact all kinds of General Banking and Ex- 
change Business in London and San Francisco, and between said cities and 
all parts of the world. 


N. W. Corner SANSOME and SUTTER. 

Subscribed Capital $3 500.OOU | Paid Up Capita) $2,000,000 

Reserve Fund, $800,000. 

Head Office 58 Old Broad Street, London. 

AGENTS— New Yobk— Agency of the London, Paris and American Bank 
Limited. No. 10 Wall street, N. Y. Paris— Messrs. Lazard Freres & Cie, 
17 Boulevard PoiBSoniere. Draw direct on the principal cities of the world. 
Commercial and Travelers' Credits issue. 

C. ALTSCHUL \ Managers. 


CAPITAL $1,260,000 

Successor to Sather & Co., Established 1851, San Francisco. 

JAMES K. WILSON President 

C. F. A. TALBOT, Vice-President. L. I. COWGILL, Cashier 

Directors: E. A. Bruguiere, F. W Sumner, Albert Miller, Wm. P. John- 
son, C. F. A. Talbot, C. S. Benedict, James K. Wilson. 

Agents: New York— Drexel, Morgan A Co. Boston— Downer & Co. 
Philadelphia— Drexel & Co Chicago— Atlas National Bank. St. Louis— 
The Mechanics' Bank. Kaunas City— First National Bank. London— Brown 
Shipley A Co, Paris— Drexel. Harjes & Co. 


No. 18 deary Street, S. F. 

Incorporated -November 24, 1869. 

ADOLPH C. WEBER President | ERNST BRAND Secretary 

Januarv 12. 1895. 



Tm Ro5eJ*& 


OS Sunday afternoons I like a quiet, restful nap. 
And lounging on an easy couch give Time dtfiant slap; 
Forgetting all my office cares and troubles of the shop 
Into the haven of the weary, cozy dreamland, drop. 
But that I never quite succeed I scarcely need to say, 
For 'tis about the time and hour when baby wants to play. 

Just when my eyes are closed, and sweet forgelfulness comes o'er, 

A tiny toddler spies papa with eager infant roar; 

" Pa, da, gooh. goob," bis chubby face aglow with his delight, 

He knows he'll have a jolly time with pop. unlucky wight. 

I hear his joyful shout, and know at once I must obey. 

For sure there's nothing else to do when baby wants to play. 

He's tugging at my clothes and frets until I lift him high, 

But then be looks so happy I can only give a sigh. 

My sleep, alas, is over now, and baby is a king; 

And I, bis humble slave, indeed, to do most anything. 

He jabs my eye. my whisVers pull, my necktie tears away. 

And laughs with glee if I should scold when baby wants to play. 

1 ride him, crowing, on my back, I creep upon the floor; 
If other men should see me now, with mirth they'd bubble o'er. 
Shirt-front and collar, too, with prints of little hands are full, 
And now and then my nose and ears he gives a savage pull. 
Quite soon I loudly call, " Mamma, come take this wretch away! " 
But, O, he laughs and thinks it fun when baby wants to play. 

THE DEVIL'S AUCTION.— Barry Pain, in London World. 

Now. gentlemen, your offers. This maiden sings and dauces; 

She's beautiful, and innocent, and lively as the day. 
You bid a fortune? Thank you, sir. I'm waiting for advances; 

And you a life's devotion? , Here, take that boy away ! 
A title? Come, that's betier. Now its going, going, going — 

She is but seventeen, sirs, and lovely as you see- 
Gone! Madame you're the property, you will be pleased at knowing, 

Of a genial old roue* of the age of sixty-three. 

Now, here's a nice cold chicken and a bottle from the ice, sirs— 

Ah, you dramatic critics, aren't you hungry? Won't you bid? 
Won't some one offer me his soul — a very moderate price, sirs? 

You sold your soul last week, sir? Yes— dear me— of coarse you 
Here's a ticket for a prize fight. The magistrate's the winner, [did ! 

After some sharp contention — the bidding's getting bold. 
Here's a poet. What, no offers? Won't some one bid a dinner? 

Take the brute away and drown him ; he never will be sold. 

And lastly I would offer here an overdose of chloral. 

That boy again? Bids two-pence? Why don't you turn him out? 
I may mention that the notion that suicide's immoral 

Is an antiquated fallacy — it's utterly played out. 
We cannot think of two-pence; now, I'm waiting for advances— 

There's not a death more painless, and I'll guarantee it true— 
Oh 1 Here's a betier offer from the maid who sings and dances. 

Thank you, maiden— I'd a fancy I should sell this lot to you. 


She dreams of Love upon the temple stair — 

About her feet the lithe green lizards play 
In all the drowsy, warm, Sicilian air. 

The winds have loosed the fillet from her hair; 

Sea winds, salt-lipped, that laugh and seem to say: 
" She dreams of Love, upon the temple stair, 
Then let us twine soft fingers, here and there, 

Amid the gleaming threads that drift and stray 
In all the drowsy, warm Sicilian air. 

"And let us weave of them a subtle snare 
To cast about and bind her, as to-day 
She dreams of Love, upon the temple stair." 

Alas, the madcap winds, how much they dare! 

They drove the webb, and in their wanton way, 
In all the drowsy, warm Sicilian air. 

They bound her sleeping, in her own bright hair, 

And as she slept came Love— and passed away — 
She dreams of Love, upon the temple stair, 
In all the drowsy, warm Sicilian air. 



Incorporated by Koytl Charier, 1862. 


. 1.410.000 

„_ . _ Southeast corner Bush and San.omo street*. 
HEAD mi'li I lin Lombard sir. . i. Ion 

hkani'iik..— Victoria, Vancouver. New Westminster, Kamloops, Nanalmo. 
?,. '> cl "<"': Hrlllsh Columbia; Portland, Oregon; Seattle and Tacoma 
Washington. ^ 

This Hank transacts a General Banking Business. Accounts opened sub- 
ject to Check, aud Special Deposit* received. Commercial Credits granted 
available In all parts of tho world. Approved Bills discounted and ad- 
vances made on good collateral security. Draws direct at current rates 
upon Its Head Otnoc and Branches, and upon its Agents, as follows- 

N"E« York— Merchants Bank of Cauada; Chicago— First National Bank; 
Liverpool— North aud South Wales Bank; Scotland— British Linen Com- 
pauy; Ireland— Bank of Ireland; Mexico— London Bank of Mexico: 
South America— London Bank of Mexico and South America: China and 
Japan— Chartered Bank of India, Australia and China; Australia and 
New Zealand— Bank of Australasia aud Commercial Banking Company 
ofByduey Ld ; Dkmkrara aud Trinidad (West Indies)— Colonial Bank. 

„.„,,. Bank OF CALIFORNIA. San Francisco. 

CAPITAL S3. 000 000 00 

SURPLUS and Undivided Profits (October 1, 1894) 3,168,129 70 


CharlesR Bisho , Vice-President Allen M i lay. 8ecr»tary 

S. Prentiss Smith, Ass't Cashier, I. F. Moclton, 2d Ass't Cashier. 

« oil RESPONDENT s : 

New York— Messrs Laidlaw & Co; The Bank of New York, N. B. A. 
Boston— Tremont National Bank; London— Messrs. N. M. Rothschild A 
Sons; Paris— Messrs. De Rothschild Freres; Virginia City (Nev)— Agency 
of The Bank of California; Chicago— Union National Bank, and Illinois 
Trust and savings Bank; Australia and New Zealand— Bank of New 
Zealand; China, Japan and India- Chartered Bank of India, Australia 
aud China ST. Louis— Boatmen's Bank 

Letters of Credit issued available In all parts of the world. 

Draws Olrect on New York, Boston, Chicago, St. Louis, Salt Lake, 
Denver, Kansas City, New Orleans, Portland, Or., Los Angeles, and on 
London, Paris, Berlin, Bremen, Hamburg, Fraukfort-ou-Main, Copenhagen, 
Stockho.m, Christiauta, Melbourne, Syndey, Auckland, Hongkong, Shang- 
hai, Yokohama, Genoa, and all cities in Italy. 


33 Pom street, bel>w Kearny Mechanics' Institute Building 



JAMBS G. FAIR .... President 

JAMES D. PHELAN, S G MURPHY Vice-Presidents 

Directors— James G Fair, L P. Drexler, John A. Hooper, C. G. Hooker. 
James D. Phelan, James Moffitt, S G. Murphy, Frank J. Sullivan, and 
Robert McBlroy. 

Interest paid on Term and Ordinary Deposits. Loans on Approved se- 
curities. GEO. A. STORY, Cashier. 

Deposits may be sent by postal order, Wells, Fargo A Co., or Exchange 
on City BaukB When opening accounts send signature. 


No. 526 CALIFORNIA ST., S. P. 

tinaranteed Capital and Reserve Fand $1,850,000 00 

D posit n Jaim ry 3, 189* 29,439,217 0» 

OPPICERa— President. Edward Kruse; Vice-President, B A. Becker; 
Second Vice President, George H. Eggers; Cashier, A. H. K. Schmidt; As- 
sistant Cashier, Wm. Herrmann; Secretary, George Tourney; Assistant 
Secretary, A. H. Muller. 

BOARD OF DIRECTORS— Edward Kruse, George H. Eggers, O. Schoe- 
maun, A. C. Heineken, H. Horstmann, B. A. Becker, H. L. Simon, Ign. 
Steiuhart, Daniel Meyer. Attorney, W. 3. Goodfellow. 


N. E. Corner Pine and Sansome Streets. 

Capital Authorized $6,000,000 I Paid up ?1,600,000 

Subscribed 8,000,000 | Reserve Fund 700,000 

Head Office— 18 Austin Friars, London, E. C. 
Agents at New York— J. & W. Seligman & Co., 21 Broad Btreet. 
The Bank transacts a general banking business, sells drafts, makes tele- 
graphic transfers, and issues letters of credit available throughout the 
world. Sends bills for collection, loans money. buyB and sells exchange 

P. N. LILIENTHAL, j Managers 

and bullion. 


S. E. corner Sansome and Sntter Streets, 

Cash Capital and Surplus $6,250,000 00 

John J. Valentine President I Homer S. King Manager 

H. Wadsworth Cashier | F. L. Lipman Assistant Cashier 

N. Y. City, H. B PARSONS, Cashier. | Salt Lake City, J. E. DOOLY, Cashier 

John J. Valentine, Benj. P. Cheney, Oliver Eldridge, Henry E. Hunting- 
ton, Homer 8. King, Geo. E. Gray, John J. McCook, Charles F. Crocker, 
Dudley Evans. 


Corner Market, Montgomery and Post Streets. 

PAID-UP CAPITAL $1,000,000. 







Wm. Alvord Jerome Lincoln 

Wm Bahcock 
Adam brant 

O. D. Baldwin 
W. S.Jones 

H. H. Hewlett 
A. K. P. Harmon 
J. B. Randol. 



January 12, 18£5. 

FASHIONS iD mourning costumes change with the same regu- 
larity as elsewhere. There are modistes who make a specialty 
of this line of dressmaking and whose judgment is considered infalli- 
ble. The model is from a Paris house. It is of broadcloth, with 
crape Anglaise trimming. The circular skirt is made with full plaits 
on hips and in the back. The corsage has pointed epaulettes of crape 
and folds down the front, forming a pointed plastron. The tight-fiiting 
part of sleeves is of crape, with full puffs of cloth. The bonnet is de- 
scribed as Valkyrie and is mostly of jet. The French take great 
pleasure in designing costumes appropriate for light mourning, and 
they certainly excel in the art. An imported dinner costume shows 
a black moire skirt, made with full organ plaited back. The waist, 
pointed back and front, was of white moire, covered with jet, the 
sleeves were ruffles of white chiffon sewed on white satin in such a 
fashion as to make them fall over one another. 

A fashion writer at Paris says: " The long-despised ' red head ' is 
the belle of this fine de siecle. Those who keep abreast of the latest 
wrinkle — or rather ahead of it — are brushing the hair till it shines, 
and combing it, lightly waved, softly back from the face, to coil sim- 
ply behind. Those who have not the pure oval, which is so well set 
off by this style, part the hair in the center and comb it in thick 
waves back from the temples, just over the tops of the ears. The 
fashion of bringing the hair in plain bands down over the ears has 
been so largely taken up that its distinction is lost. 

"The toilets worn at the Gymnase are carefully designed in accord- 
ance with Fashion's latest edict, and gracefully worn. The handsome 
Miss Verneuil wears two very novel costumes. One has a generously 
proportioned skirt of white satin, covered with appliqued design of 
maize-colored cloth in a large leaf pattern. The back of the bodice is 
of the same stuff, plain and tight, and belted with a narrow sa h of 
white mousseline de soie. In the front there is a blouse vest of white 
mull, on each side of which are jabots of thick beurre-colored lace. 
The sleeves are of softly draped white mull, ending at the elb'tw with 
a narrow cuff of the appliqued satin. Down the inside of the arm, 
from shoulder to elbow, is a jabot of yellow lace. The tiny capotte 
is a broad, wing-like creation of yellow lace and pale rose velvet knots. 

"Another frock has a blouse corsage of cream guipure, embroidered 
with pale colored silk threads. It is cut with a very small square de- 
colletage, and with straight, square epaulettes— a part of the blouse 
itself — Haring out over the sleeve tops. The sleeves, very large and 
cleverly looped, are of geranium pink velvet, and a narrow velvet 
girdle fastens on one side, under a bunch of geraniums of varied color- 
ing. The skirt is of cream guipure, hanging straight over a crisp, 
cream silk foundation. A half dozen large organ folds of geranium 
velvet are inserted in the middle of the back, and the whole skirt is 
edged with a band of sable." 

The much braided short coat for women is usually a Paris importa- 
tion. Lincoln green cloth, braided with black soutache and trimmed 
with Persian, is one of the models in a new lot just exhibited by a 
New York house. Still more effective is a gray cloth jacket, braided 
in an all over pattern in black with a deep border of black Persian 
round the lower edge. This is made with a semi-fitting front and 
full back godets. The deep cuffs are of Persian, to match collar. 
These designs, being new, will not be found reduced in price, but 
there are plenty of other garments which are. Take that very neat 
line of winter coats, for instance, having stitched straps on all the 
seams. It was a popular design early in the season and is still, but 
can probably be bought now by the woman who could wait so long 
for a third less than what it was marked in November. The velvet 
revers and cuffs are edged with fur. 

Outside of mourning, the winter costumes are distinguished for 
variety of color. The dress of the stylish woman is a happy mingling 
of materials and colors. Even the all-important black silk is touched 
off with a crush collar of bluet or cherry. This black silk, by the 
way, should be of peau de soie. It is worn with different fancy silk 
waists to the theatre, concert, informal dinners, and to all smalt even- 
ing entertainments. Jet is much in evidence on black silks intended 
for matrons. It takes an expert to select jet, as a small fortune may 

be spent on patterns which are really fine and exquisite, while there 

s a profusion of jet trimmings not worth buying. 

The Grand Canon Line !— To the East ! 

Commencing Nov. 4th the "Santa Fe Route" Popular Overland 
Excursions to Chicago and Eastern Cities will leave everv Wednesday. 
Manager in Charge. Through Palace and Upholstered Tourist Sleep- 
ers are run to Chicago every day. This is the only Line by which the 
Grand Canon of the Colorado River can be reached. Send for illus- 
trated book giving full particulars. W. A. Bissell, G. P. A., 650 
Market street, Chronicle Building, San Francisco, Cal. 


Your husband will notice a great 
improvement in your cooking, 


Your house will not be filled with 
the odor of hot lard, when 


Your doctor will lose some of his 
Dyspepsia cases, when 


Your children can safely eat the 
same food as yourself, when 


Your money will be saved, and. 
your cooking praised, when 


Famous cooks, prominent phy- 
sicians and thousands of every- 
day housekeepers endorse it 
Will you give it a trial ? 
Gold in 3 and 5 pound paUs, ty all grocery 

Made only by 

The N. K. Falrhank 

ST. LOUIS and 

Cklcugo.Nrxv York, 


City Index and Purchaser's Guide. 

FRANK KENNEDY, law office, 66 Murphy Bldg., 1236 Market St. 

C ANDIES put up for shipment at ROBERTS', Polk and Bush streetB. 

K 4 liTl.AK, 416 Geary street. 


KELLY'S CORN CURE, *5c. Drugs at wholesale, 102 Eddy street. 

EVANS' POISON OAK SPECIFIC. Positive cure. Sold by all drug- 


THE WONDER Hat, Flower and Feather Store, 1024-1028 Market street . 
FRANCO-AMERICAN Restaarant-521 Montgomery St. F. Hltte. 

REPAIRING DONE while yon wait at POLLOCK'S, 202 Powell street. 

JOHN A. HENSON, Engineer. Dealer in Land Scrip. 430 Kearny St. 

For automlzallou purpoNe». 

THE CLEVELAND FAUCET CO., 208 Ellis street 



Send Stamps i 
For catalogue* 



7 39 Market St.. S. F. 

January 12, 1895. 



AELRS8P0NDKHT says that there seems lobe reason for be- 
lieving thai tbe present Czar of Kustla bas received bints 
from bis ancles lo go slow in ihe course of reform wblcb be has 
in view, and that the young ruler is thinking of convening a 
family council to talk over the liberal policy which be contem- 
plates pursuing. It is possible thai Czar Nicholas might con- 
template asking those who are interested, by reason of family 
ties, in bis dynasty to advise with him if he contemplates 
changes of a revolutionary character, but, on tbe other baud, as 
a general thing rulers who are possessed of sufficient individuality 
to project governmental changes which will effect radical alter- 
ations in tbe existing order of things are also indisposed to toler- 
ate Interference with their plans — and in Russia tbe Czar is an 
autocrat even within his family circle, it is, therefore, very im- 
probable that his uncles have given bim "hints" to go slow wit"h 
any reform that be has projected. As a matter of fact, the young 
man is still enjoying bis honeymoon, and it is unlikely that be 
bas found time to formulate any fundamental changes in tbe 
structure of bis government. To be sure, the spirit of the admiu- 
ibtration was necessarily and essentially altered by the fact that 
he is a broader and more liberal man than bis predecessor; but 
there Is a wide difference between superficial changes of that 
nature and fundamental alterations in the organized system of 
government. The loiter may come in time, but their time is not yet. 

That indistinct and indefinite improvement in tbe tone and 
temper of tbe diplomatic intercourse between St. Petersburg and 
London which is commonly alluded to by the somewhat mislead- 
ing phrase, tbe Anglo-Russian rapprochement, is beginning to have 
its effect upon the French press. The result is that papers of tbe 
political Btaudlng of Le Oavlois are announcing that "the Anglo- 
Unssian understanding imposes upon France tbe obligation of 
arranging once for all with England the long-standing differences 
between them," while Le Temps affirms that "the more an Anglo- 
Russian understanding appears to be bound up with tbe Franco- 
Russian one, the more will the great cause of European equilib- 
rium — that is, the peace of tbe world and its solid guarantees — 
be promoted." The same writer proceeds to affirm that "there 
conld not possibly be an object more worthy of the combined 
efforts and the reflection of all those who place above everything 
the maintainance of peace, and who would be happy by obtain- 
ing that end to renew tbe bonds of cordial understanding between 
the two great liberal powers — an understanding that was so bene- 
ficent for civilization and progress in the second third of this 
century." Another paper, Le Soleil, calls for a distinct and 
aggressive understanding and combination between Great Britain, 
France, and Russia in regard to Cbina. Now all this is very dif- 
ferent from tbe acute Anglophobia which was sweeping through 
Paris and the French press this time last year. 

It is to be noted that, while our astute daily papers are indus- 
triously disputing as to which of their Oriental correspondents is 
tbe more stupid and unreliable, there is gradually, and after the 
indirect fashion of Oriental development, being unfolded the ear- 
marks of an international tragedy which will be entitled to a 
front place in the history of this century, but of which theBe cor- 
respondents appear to have no knowledge. The Chinese empire, 
in the sense in which it existed before the war broke out, no 
longer exists. It is a burst bubble. Nations which once respected 
it because of an unfounded and indefinite dread of an undevel- 
oped militant strength they believed it possessed, no longer enter- 
tain that respect for it. But they have not lost their interest in 
this colossal baby. Their interest is, as a French paper puts it, 
••not a question of conquering or dismembering China, but of 
placing that country under tbe protectorate of the three powers" 
— Great Britain, France, and Russia. Just at present these three 
powers are looking calmly on while Japan humbles and practi- 
cally destroys the autonomy of tbe Chinese empire — casts it 
down, in fact, so that it will need outside help to save it from 
complete destruction. When that is accomplished they will step 
in to put it on its feet again, but not in its old-time position. 
Hereafter China will exist upon sufferance and as a trading 
ground under the protection of stronger nations. Japan will 
naturally object to this arrangement, and there will be a contro- 
versy which will end in Japan being mollified with concessions 
as well as brought to a realization that she is confronted with a 
combination that is too strong for her. That is tbe way in 
which, from the distance, we read the signs of the times in regard 
to the present troubles in Asia. If we are not completely mis- 
taken the Japanese cry of "On to Pekin" suits the diplomats of 
London, Paris, and St. Petersburg to a dot. It is pulling their 
chestnuts out of the fire. 

THF forty-first Carr-Beel Saturday Pop concert (new series) 
will be given on January 26th at Golden Gate Hall. A new 
string quartette by Dvorak (tbe first time here) will be the attrac- 
tion at tbe first concert. Subscriptions are coming in and the 
outlook for the coming series is very good. 

A bonanza for agents. Something new. Burglar alarm door boll, 
bts In California, Sen.! M«mp for circular. T. J. 
STRniKim, lOfl Montgomery street , San Print 






I'm CALtfOBNU Hotel" is admittedly the 
most comfortable and homelike down-town hotel 
in the city. It la luxuriously furnished, and fill 
its appointments are in keeping. Polite attention 
and uniform courtesy is extended to all guests. 
A feature of the California is the American plan 
dining room on the top floor. The California 
Hotel is absolutely fireproof. 

American Plan, from $3 per day* 

European Plan, from $1 per day 

* \ 


I^iet?/T\ond I^an^es. 

Stoves and Ranges from 
Wholesale and retail. 

iebuster Bros., 3o6 Sutter street . 

Agents Wanted in Every City. 

Send for Catalogue. 


Au attempt is being made to injure Langley's Directory by claiming that 
it is iu the nauds of a .Receiver. This is a mis-statement. The undersigned 
parties at interest have combined, aud the J. B. Painter Company is publish- 
ing the work. All the efficient men on the old force are still iu our employ. 
The management and compilation are In the same hands as heretofore. 
Don't advertise or subscribe for any but this old standard directory. No 
other can be complete or authentic. Our valuable data is indispensable 
to tbe publishing of a good directory. If you advertise or subscribe for 
any other directory you will be imposed upon, as we have already obaiued 
so many of our regular subscriptions that an opposition directory can have 
only an insignificant circulation. PAINTER 4 c0 . 


SPECIAL JSOTICE— Hold your subscrip' ions for the SOCIETY BLUE 
BOOK. We shall bring out the only one containing an absolutely correct 
list of names ever published. , 


625 Sutter St. 
A new series of 


Begin JANUAKY 26tb, at 3:15 o'clock, P. M. 

Single subscriptions for four concerts, including reserved seat, $3, 

are now to be had at Sherman. Clay & Co. 

i-»r-> nirtrtDrt'C RESTORATIVE PILLS.— Buy none but the 
UK. Kll-'l-'ni-'O Genuine— A Specific for Exhausted Vital- 
ity Physical Debility, Wasted Forces. Approved by the Academy of Medi- 
r-7i!p Paris and the iledical celebrities. Agents for California and the 
Pacific States, J. O. STEEIJ5 * CO., 686 MARKET STREET (Palace 
Hotel) San Francisco. Sent by mail or express anywhere, 

P KICES REDUCED. Box of 50 pills, J1.26; of 100 pills, *2 ; of 200 pills, 
til M) ; of 400 pills, {6 ; Preparatory Pills, j2. Send for Circular. 


For all Points East 

B'eamshlp Tickets to and from all points In Europe. 
CARLTON C. CRANE, - ■ Pacific Coast Agent 


116 Battery St., San Francisco, Cal 

p, i a 



January 12, 1895. 



Trains Leave and are Due to Arrive at 


Leavk I From Dec, 20, 1894. I Arrive 

7:00 A Atlantic Express. Ogden and Bast 6:45 a 
7:00 a Benicia, Vacaville, Rumsey, Sac- 
ramento, and Redding, via Davis 7:15 p 
7:30 a Martinez, Napa, Callstoga and 

*Santa Rosa ... 6:15 P 

8:30 a Niles, San Jose, Stockton, lone, 
Sacramento, Marysville, Red Bluff 

and*Oroville 4:15 p 

♦8:30 a Peters and Milton '7:15 p 

$9:00a " Sunset Limited," Vestibuled 

Train through to New Orleans. . . Jl:45p 
9:00 a New Orleans Express, *Raymond, 
Santa Barbara, Los Angeles, Item- 
ing, El Paso, New Orleans and 

East. 5:45P 

9:00 a Martinez and Stockton 10:46 a 

1:00 f Niles, San Jose and Livermore *8:45 a 

. . . . Niles, San Jose and Livermore ... Jll :45 a 

•1:00 p Sacramento River steamerB *9:00 p 

+1:30 p. Martinez and Way Stations ... +7:45 p. 
1:00 p Martinez. San Ramon, Vallejo, 
Napa, Callstoga, El Verano, and 

Santa Rosa 9:15a. 

4:00 p. Benicia, Vacaville, Woodland, 
Knight's Landing, Marysville, 

Oroville and Sacramento.. 10 :45a 

4:30 p. Niles, San Jose, Livermore, 

and Stockton . . 7 :15 p 

5:00p. Lob Angeles Express, Fresno, 
Bakersfleld, Santa Barbara and 

Los Angeles 10:45a. 

5:00p. Santa Fe Route, Atlantic Express, 

forMojaveand East... 10:45a. 

6:00 P European Mail, Ogden and East. . 9;46a 
6:00p. Haywards, Niles and San Jose.. 7:45a. 

17:00p. Vallejo. +7:45 P. 

7:00p. Oregon Express. Sacramento, 
Marysville, Redding, Portland, 

PugetSound and East. . . .... 10:45 a 

Santa Cruz Olvjslon ( Narrow Gauge). 

8:16a. Newark. Genterville, San Jose, 

Feltou, Boulder Greek, Santa 

Cruz and way stations 5 53 p. 

*2:15 p Newark, Centerville, San Jose, New 
Almaden, Felton, Boulder Creek, 
Santa Cruz, and principal way 

stations *11:20a 

1:16 P. Newark, San Jose, Los Gatos 9:60 a. 

+11:45 p. Hunters' train for Newark, Al- 
viso. San Jose, Los Gatos, and 

way stations ■ ■ 18:05 p 

Coast Dlvltlon ( Third aid Town send Streets). 

6:45 a. 8an Jose, New Almaden and Way 

Stations 1:45 p. 

3:15 a. San Jose, TresPlnos, Santa Cruz, 
Pacific Grove, Paso Robles, San 
Ban Luis Obispo and principal 
Way Stations 7.05 P. 

10 :40 a. Ban Jose, and Way Stations 5:06 p. 

;i:45 a. Palo Alto and Way Stations.. 3:30 p. 

*2:20p. San Jose, Gilroy, Tres Pinos, 
Santa Crus, Salinas, Monterey, 
Pacific Grove 10:40 a. 

•3:80 P. San Jose and Principal Way Sta- 
tions 9:47 a. 

*4;25p. Palo Alto and Way Stations *8:06a. 

5 -.10 p. San Jose and Way Stations .... . . *8 :48 a. 

6 :30 p. Palo Alto and Way Stations 6 :S5 a. 

+U:46p. Palo Alto and principal Way 

Stations +7:38p. 


KromSM FRAH CISCO— Foot of Market St. (Slip 8)— 
*7 00 8 00 9 00 *10 00 and 11 00 a. m., *12 30 
11 00 *2 00 S 00 *4 00 6 00 and *6 00 p. M. 
From OAKLAND— Foot of Broadway. 

♦6 00 *7 00 8 00 *9 00 10 00 and *11 00 A. M. 
112 00 *12 30 2 00 *3 00 4 00 an d « 5 00 p. m. 

a. for Morning. p. for Afternoon. 

♦Sundays excepted. +8aturdayB only. 

^Thursdays only. tSundaysonly. 


will call for and check baggage from hotels and 
residences. Enquire of Ticket Agents for Time 
Cards and other information 


, n Coolgardiegold fields, 

±$Z*===^Jz* & (Fremautle) Australia: 

-°;S^ /*Vir * 220 first class - * 110 

c?/y *&£, \v"*s sleera ? e Lowest rates 

*$ ff P^W \ O to Ua P etowu - s - Africa 

O. 8. S. Company's 

steamers sail: 



aud SYDNEY, S. H. 

.s* --,. /y * " ARAWA," Jau 10, '95 

<K^SS§3ffl£^d < 9 For HONOLULU, 

<y^^^^C" S. S. - AU8TRALIA," 

S EVE^ v JflU - 19 - l895 - at 10 A * M - 

Cook parties to Honolulu, Jau. 19, Feb 16, Apr. 
4 ; reduced excursion rates. 
For passage apply to 138 Montgomery Street. 
For freight apply to 327 Market Street. 
J D. SPRECKELts A BROS. CO., General Agts 


He asked to see, 

She blushed deep red ; 
('Twas really very shocking!) 
1 1 only want 

To know," he said, 
1 How much will fill your stocking?" 

My sort," she aaid, 

" Since you're so kind, 

Are much the same as others; 

And so I'll get. 

If you don't miod, 
An old pair of my mother's!'' 

— New York Sun. 

JUDGE {to witness)— Now, madam, I 
want you to distinctly understand that 
hearsay is not evidence. How old are 

"I don't know, Jad^e." 
"Don't know?" 

"I have no evidence of my age." 
"What do you mean?" 
"I am told that I am so many years 
old, Judge, but it's only hearsay, arjd you 
know that isn't evidence." 

— Detroit Free Press. 

EMINENT but Bald-Headed Citizen- 
Well, sir, what can 1 do for you? 

Visitor — You can do me a great favor, 
with no trouble to yourself. Will you 
kindly sign this certificate for my hair 

Eminent Citizen — Hair restorer 1 But, 
my dear sir, I have Dever used your hair 

Visitor— Of course not! That is exactly 
what I wish to certify. —puck. 

AT a German court-martial. — Captain 
(presiding)— Then I am to understand 
that the accused offered you a cigar when 
you were doing sentry duty? 
"Yes, your Honor. : ' 
"And you declined?" 
"Yes, to command, your Honor." 
"And what reply did he make?" 
"You are an ass, your Honor." 

— Kolnischc Volkszeitung . 

*'p\0 you know what Miss Cayenne 

L) says about you?" said the young 
woman who bears tales. 

"No," replied Willie Wishington. 

"She says that you have proposed to 
her seventeen times.' 1 

"Yes. That is quite true. It's the 
only thing that I can do that really seems 
to amuse her." — Washington Star* 

ONE of Dean Hole's stories — An old- 
fashioned cathedral verger "lord of 
the aisles" saw a pious visitor on his 
knees. The verger hastened up to him 
and said, in a tone of indignant excite- 
ment: "The services in this cathedral are 
at ten in the morning and at four in the 
afternoon, and we don't have no fancy 


Dispatch steamers from San Francisco for. 
ports in Alaska, 9 a, h., Jan 5, 20. Feb. 4, 19. 

For B. C. and Puget Sound ports, Jau. 5. 10, 
15, 20,25. Feb. 4. 

For Eureka, Areata, aud Field's Landing ( Hum- 
boldt Bay, Steamer " Willamette Valley," Wed- 
nesdays, 9 A. M. 

For Newport, Los Angeles and all way ports, 
every fourth and fifth day, alternately at 8 a. m. 

For San Diego, stopping only at Port Harford, 
Santa Barbara, Port Los Angeles, Redondo, (Los 
Angeles), aud Newport, every fourth and fifth 
day, alternately at 11 a. m. 

For Ensenada, Magdalena Bay, San Jose del 
Cabo, Mazatlan, La Paz and Guaymas (Mexico), 
steamer St. Paul, 10a. m, 25th of each month. 

Ticket Office— Palace Hotel, No. 4 New 
Montgomery street. 

GOOPALL, PERKINS 4 CO., Gen '1 Agents, 

No. in Market street. San Franci sco. 

under instruct lone. Experience oaneoefttry. Send for par- 
ticulars. National Detective Bureau, Indianapolis, IdiL 


TIBUiON FERRY— Foot Ol Market Street. 


WEEK DAYS— 7:40, 9:20, 11:00 A. «.: 12:35,3-30, 

5:10, 630 p. m. Thursdays— Extra trip at 

11 :30 p. m . Saturdays— Extra trips at 1 :50 aud 

11:30 p. m. 
SDNDAYS-8:0O, 9:30,11:00 A.M.; 1:80, 8:30.5 00 

6:20 p.m. 


WEEK DAYS-6:25, 7:55, 9:80, 11:10 A. M.; 12:46, 
3:41, 6:10 p.m. Saturdays— Extra trips at 1:56 
aud 6:30 p. m. 

SDNDAY8— 8:10, 9:40, 11:10 A. M.; 1:40, 3:40, 5:00, 
6:25 p. m. 
Between San Francisco and Schuetzen Park, 

same schedule as above. 


ETECTIVE &»:?:&, 

Leave S.F. 

In Effect 
Ap'l 15, 1894. 

Abrivein S, F. 






8:30 p.m. 
5:10 p.m. 

8:00 A.M. 
9:30 a.m. 

Santa RoBa. 

10:40 a.m 
6:05 p.m 

8:60a. x 



8:00a.m. Geyserville, 
. 1 Cloverdale 



6:15 '** 

7:10 a.m. 

8:00 a.m. 

Pieta, Hop- 
land, Ukiah. 

7:30 p.m 

6:15 p.m. 

8:80 p.m. 

8:00a. M.|Quernevllle 


10:30a m 
6:16 PM 

5:10 p.m. 

8:00a. m.I Sonoma 
5:00p.m. | Glen Ellen. 

10:40a.m. |8:60am. 
6:05p.m. |6:15pm. 

7:40a. m 
3:30 p.M 

8:00 a.m. 
5:00 P.M. 


10:40a. m 
6:06 p.m 


Stages connect at Geyserville for Skaggs 
Springs. " 

Stages connect at Pieta for Highland Springs 
Kelseyvllle, Soda Bay, Lakeport and Bartlett 

Stages connect at Uriah for Vichy Springs 
Blue Lakes, Upper Lake, Lakeport, Booueville' 
Greenwood, Orr's Hot Springs, Mendocino City, 
Fort Bragg, Usal, Westport, Cahto, Willitts, 
Capella, Pomo, Potter Valley. John Day's, Live' 
ly's, Gravelly Valley, Harris, Blocksburg, Bridge- 
vilie, Hydesville and Eureka. 

Saturdayto-Monday Round Trip Tickets at re- 
duced rates. 

On Sundays, Round Trip Tickets to all points 
beyond San Rafael at half rates. 

TICKET OFFICE— Corner New Montgomery 
and Market streets, under Palace Hotel. 

Gen. Manager. 

R. X. RYAN. 
Gen. Passenger Agent 


Thbocsh Line to New Yobk, via Panama 

Calling at various ports of Mexico and Central 
From company's wharf. First and Braunau Sis. 
8. 8. " Acapulco," January 9, 1895. 
8. 8. "Colima," Jauuary 18, 1895. 
8. 8. "San Bias," Jauuary 28, 1895. 
8.8. "San Juan," February S, 1895. 



Connecting at Yokohama with steamers for 

Shanghai, and at Hongkong for 

India, etc.: 


8.8. "China," via Honolulu, Jan. 15, 1895, at 

8. 8.' "Peru," February 2, 1895, at 3 P. M. 

8. 8. "City of Rio de Janeiro," Feb. 21, 1890, 

8. 8. "City of Peking," Thursday, March 11 
1895, at 3 p. m. 
Round Trip Tickets at reduced rates. 
For freight or passage apply at the Company 's 
office, No. 425 Market street. 

General Agent 



Note change in hour oj sailing. 

Steamers leave wharf at FIRST and BRAN 

NAN STREETS, at 8: 00 p. M. for YOKOHAMA 

and HONGKONG, connecting at Yokohama 

with Steamers lor SHANGHAI: 

Bklgic Thursday, Jan. 24, 1895 

Oceanic (via Honolulu) Tuesday. Feb. 12,1895 

Gaelic Tuesday, March 12, 1895 

Coptic Tuesday, April 23, 1895 

For freight and passage apply at Company's 
office, No. 425 Market street, corner First. 

D. D. STUBB8, Secretary. 

fl«lc - 

- I Nmra I rue. Jan 

"J. i'vs 


- f>mr Copy, to C«nt». 

Anmml Snhirnplion. $4 OO. 

NBlW^ll E T TER 

Vol. L 


Number 3. 

Printed and Published every Saturday by the Proprietor, Fred 
Marriott, 606-609-613 Merchant Street, San Francisco. En- 
tered at Son Francisco Post-office as Second Class Matter. 

The office of the News Litter in New Tork City is at the " Evening 
Post " Building, 204-206 Broadtcay. Room 1, where information 
may be obtained regarding subscription and advertising rates. 

The Titanic struggle at Sacramento over the selection of a United States 
Senator makes timely the publication of M. 11. de Young's portrait in this 
issue. The patience with which this singular man bears, without deigning 
to resent, the assaults which hare been made upon him cvr since he became 
eminent, is a>m}Hitiblc with the unyielding persistency with which he pur- 
sues his object and the success which invariably attends his efforts. There 
are comparatively few Califomians who realize his force and comprehend 
the possibilities of his future. It is unfortunate for him that, having been 
brought up amongst us, our familiarity with his presence obscures our un- 
derstanding of his power. His true value is better appreciated at Wash- 
ington than in San Francisco. An easy speaker, in command of excel- 
lent language and lacking nothing of tact and quickness; sharp, alert, 
patient; earnest and indefatigable, never losing his temper and always 
accessible and agreeable, he would make a strong and conspicuous figure 
in the National Senate, and would accomplish more for California than 
the aggregate of all whom our Slate has dignified with the honor. 

THE effort of 8enator D. B. Hill, of New York, to defeat the 
appropriation for the execution of the new income tax law, 
rt-ceived a weak support when a vote was taken in the Senate on 
Wednesday. A vote of forty to six ought to be emphatic enough 
to convince Mr. Hill that he is not all that is left of the Demo- 
cratic party. 

THE suggestion made in Governor Budd's Inaugural in regard 
to prison labor as a matter of reform must be handled with 
care and caution. The industrial classes are always alive to any 
encroachments by cheap labor upon fields of labor, and there are 
very few branches of industry that are not represented by them 
in this State. 

THE Hon. M. M. Estee has had to seek shelter behind a declara- 
tion that he is not an aspirant, or a candidate in any sense, 
for United States Senator. It seems like a double crucifixion to 
drag him from the closet of defeat so early, and his friends, of 
wbom he has many, should have more respectful consideration 
for his feelings. Under present circumstances it is not at all 
likely that he would accept the honor. 

JUDGE McGEE, of Oakland, has made an effort to secure the 
appointment of United States District Attorney for the 
Northern District of California, and from the fact that Caminetti 
has filed Judge McGee's application, with a number of references 
as to his abilities, Attorney-General Olney has an idea that Judge 
McGee is not a good enough lawyer. Mr. Olney should not 
measure the qualities of a man by the qualities of his representa- 

THE law passed by the Legislature two years ago providiug for 
the parole of prisoners confined in the State Prisons for crimes 
other than capital offenses, does not seem to have worked well. 
The " ticket of leave " business should be both guarded and lim- 
ited, and up to the present time it has been extremely limited. A 
bill has been introduced by Assemblyman Wade to repeal the 
law, and it has probably been recommended by the Board of 
Prison Directors. 

ASSEMBLYMAN WILKINS, of Marin County, has tiktn early 
action in regard to the consolidation of the prisons at San 
Quentin and Folsom. He has introduced a bill abolishing the 
San Quentin prison and providing for its consolidation with Fol- 
som. This action on the part of a representative of the county 
in which San Quentin is situated is an evidence that the people 
of that locality would rather dispense with suoh a public institu- 
tion, althongb it may have a tendency to bring money into the 
community. This probably has as much to do with his action in 
introducing the bill as the question of economy In the State gov- 

THE income tax law is now being tested as to its constitution- 
ality in the District Equity Court, at Washington, D. C. 
Attorney Jere Wilson represents the contestants, BDd has laid 
down the proposition that the courts have no power to take 
cognizance of a statute that Is void, and that an unconstitutional 
act is no act at all. The income tax was an excise tax, and a 
direct attack npon energy and thrift, which was contrary to the 
spirit of the Constitution. 

TAKING the results of election contests that have been made 
since the late election, our ballot system is not so bad, after 
all. Of the six contests in the State that were demanded, all 
have been abandoned except that of McNab for Sheriff in the 
city and coonty of 8an Francisco. All these recounts show that 
if fraud was intended it was not successful. There are evidences 
both that fraud was intended and that incompetency prevailed, 
and that, curiously enougb, it was likely incompetency that 
made fraud unsuccessful. 

THE excessive rains of this mouth will give the Eastern mem- 
bers of the American Pomological Society a bad impression of 
our climate, unless they remain a few weeks until the storm is 
over. The society has been in session in Sacramento this week, 
and the visitors have been treated very kindly by our people. If 
they could only remain until the present rain is over and the sun 
comes out for a few days, they would witness a display of green 
fields and native flowers such as they never beheld in January or 
February in the East, or in any other country outside of the 

THE conviction of Louis Cohen on a charge of perjury almost 
amounts to a sensation. The crime is one which is more fre- 
quently committed and less frequently punished than any other 
crime in the calendar. It is one of the heinous crimes that is 
winked at by juries, from tbe fact that the penalties are so far- 
reaching. It involves a term in tbe State prison and a loss of 
citizenship, depriving tbe victim from exercising the right of suf- 
frage or holding office of honor or trust. Yet it is none too 
severe, for of all enemies to good government and society the liar 
is the greatest. 

THE prospects of the organization of a national silver party is 
getting brighter as currency legislation keeps up the agita- 
tion. It is plain that the two old parties are hopelessly divided 
on the question, and the Populists, having so many isms weigh- 
ing them down, can never succeed. So far as the silver question 
is concerned, the Populists suit the silver men, but rather than 
risk their hopes in the interminable mess of rubbish that tbey 
have adopted in the platform, a new party is preferable. Does it 
Btrike these men that those who are opposed to silver can com- 
bine as well ? 

THESE are encouraging prospects that the Pacific Insurance 
Union will reorganize under a new constitution and the name 
of " The Board of Fire Underwriters." Among the provisions of 
the proposed constitution are an abolition of city agents, removal 
of restrictions on salaries, and a uniform rate of fifteen per cent, 
to solicitors. There is only one penalty clanse, and it provides 
for the cancellation of all risks of the class concerned that are 
held by the company giving rebates. The terms of the compact 
are extremely simple and there appears to be no good reason why 
they shonld not be accepted by all the companies. 

OLD men, who have passed their three score years and ten, 
may not take a very lively interest in a pamphlet just pub- 
lished at Berlin by a theologian, named M. Baxter, fixing the 
time for the general winding-np of earthly matters in 1908. In 
the meantime things will be lively enougb for the most active 
and energetic ineurance agent. A general European war will 
occur in 1897, in which all will participate. In 1899 a new 
Napoleon will appear as the King of the Greek States and Syria. 
In 1901 a rattling earthquake will shake tbe foundations of the 
earth, and, being particularly nice about exact dates, the seer 
fixes the time when the end will occur at March 12, 1908, at 
3 p. M., Jerusalem time. There will be, according to the Revela- 
tion, he says, 144,000 living persons in shape to mount upwards. 
The other fellows are not labeled. 


January 19, 1895. 


M H. de Young In an interview with the Sacramento Bee. M. 
and his H. de Young has given a refreshingly modest 

Qualifications list of reasons why he should be sent to the 
United States Senate. It is confined to a tew of 
his actual achievements in behalf of the State and to the benefits 
which he hopes to secure for the State if elected, but of course ia 
silent on the fundamental question, which, with reference to his past 
career, would show the conspicuous ability, shrewdness, and per- 
sistence which have enabled him to become tne most prominent 
figure in California, and would indicate how those qualities could be 
made effective in the Senate for the good of the State. Still, the list 
is instructive, and may be set forth briefly thus: 

The State owes hiru this honor in simple appreciation of his efforts 
in behalf of the State, he having devoted his time and monev to that 
purpose untiringly and without compensation. 

As National Commissioner from California to the Columbian Ex- 
position he secured for the California building the best position in 
the grounds, and California had the largest and finest State building, 
next to that of Illinois, and had the best State exhibit. 

The Midwinter Fair, through his efforts, was opened in five 
months from its beginning, and was one of the best expositions ever 
made in the world. It received not a dollar of Government, State, 
or city aid. and was started with very small subscriptions. To that 
enterprise Mr. de Young gave sixteen months of his time, working 
sixteen hours a day, received not a cent of compensation, and paid 
his contingent expenses out of his own pocket. That Fair advertise d 
the resources and attractions of California in every corner of the 

In a political way Mr. de Young makes this showing: He was sent 
as a delegate from California to the Republican National Convention 
of 18S8. Through his efforts M. M. Estee was made chairman, the 
first Californian that ever occupied that position. 

In the same year Mr. de Young was elected to the Republican Na- 
tional Committee, and he was the first Californian to become a mem- 
ber of the National Executive Committee. 

The prominence which California thus came to assumein the coun- 
cils of the Republican party led to a demand for a Californian in the 
Cabinet, " and had it not," said Mr. de Young, "been for the petty 
jealousies and rivalries of three or four gentlemen, each of whom 
tried to trip the others in his scramble for the appointment, Califor- 
n'a would have had a representative in Harrison's Cabinet." 

On the score of his views on special subjects and of the things which 
he hopes to accomplish for California if selected, he announces him- 
self as a strong friend of silver and of the Nicaragua Canal, making 
the point that California has many valuable products which cannot 
possibly be shipped by rail across the continent or by vessels around 
the Horn, but which the Nicaragua Canal could handle. He would 
urge the improvement of the Sacramento River. 

After showing that although San Francisco alone pays annually 
into the National Treasury over $7,000,000, and that the State pays 
$12,000,000. we have not had in public improvements a return of six 
months of the output of fifty years. "It is time," he declares, "that 
somebody with force and determination should go to Washington 
and say to those people that the people of California are tired of pour- 
ing their money into the National Treasury only to see it go out for 
new buildings in Minneapolis, Omaha, and Duluth.and foropening 
the Mississippi River, improving Chessapeake harbor, and for 
other things of like character." 

These statements are all so evidently true that no honest-minded 
person would think of denying them. The only trouble with them is 
that they do not present anything like the total number of reasons 
why this strong man should be sent to Washington. 

Discontent In the December Forum, J. H. Cunneld, Chancellor 
Among of the State University of Nebraska, discusses the dis- 
the Masses, content among the masses as be has observed it in 
his official travels throughout that State. In his way 
he sums up the condition more from a spirit of impatience as a result 
of higher education and independent thought than from any actual 
state of affairs that exists in the ordinary relations of life. Intelli- 
gent discontent creates a Mugwumpery, so to speak, and presents a 
horrible example of higher education, producing a friction in minds 
as adverse in ideas as nature in her productions. This would indi- 
cate that discontent existed without a cause, and that it was the 
natural condition of the people, who required only the shadow of an 
excuse for misery. The last man to present such a subject to the 
public as authority is the one who basks in the sunlight of a com- 
fortable salary, and whose presence as such in a community enlists 
respect and consideration. It is not only a fact, but it is well that it 
is a fact, that discontent exists everywhere under present conditions 
from the palace to the hovel. The change from a high state of pros- 
perity to one that requires the most rigid economy to meet the de- 
mands of business and the requirements of social life, has a grating 
effect upon the nerves of a people who are nothing if not enterpris- 
ing and ambitious by nature and education. On every street corner, 
in the counting-room, around the tire-side— in fact, everywhere— the 
principal topic is the condition tiiat confronts the people, and the 

theories advanced to restore good times are as numerous as the 
minds that wrestle with the stubborn problem. All this is but the 
evidence of general discontent, and the per cent., instead of being but 
four or five, as the Chancellor sums it up, is fully ninety-five of the 
population of the entire country. The merchant is not satisfied, nor 
is the mechanic or laborer. The bankers and capitalists want a more 
active field for the safe investment of their surplus. The farmers 
want a better market for their produce. The man who wants is not 
satisfied, and no one is contented who cannot have his wants sup- 
plied. It is not the isolated chronic growler alone that has his ear 
to the ground listening for the approach of the wheels of progress 
that have become clogged in the mire of business stagnation, but the 
former prosperous and happy individual who has been compelled to 
yield to the "inexorable logic of events." The decrease in values and 
the general scaling down of wages to curtail expenses in all industrial 
enterprises has struck a severe blow to thousands of operatives and 
other thousands who are dependent upon them. These are the 
causes that breed discontent, and it would be a sad day if it should 
ever come to pass that a people, such as this country boasts of, should 
arrive at that condition where they would be satisfied with things as 
they exist at the present time. The only hope for the future pros- 
perity of the country and for a change for the better is in the discon- 
tent that exists and that is becoming more apparent every day. The 
spirit of discontent that is alive to the conditions as they noware will 
continue to rebel until changes are produced that will eventually re- 
store prosperity. To lie inert and Moat with the tide, unconcerned, 
contented, and inactive, would only be drifting into a condition of 
sloth and inanimate nationality. A man who is perfectly contented 
is in danger of paralysis of the brain. The spirit of unrest is lively 
abroad, and it is the leaven that will finally work out the problem of 
renewed energy and industrial activity. 

The Inaugural As a practical and instructive document the 
of Inaugural address of Governor Budd is the first 

Governor Budd. and only one that has appeared since that of 
Newton Booth in 1871. The suggestions in the 
way of reform are in line with those presented by the News Letter 
during the progress of the campaign, and it was the only paper that 
dared to point out the useless and expensive institutions that burden 
the State government, and that were saddled upon the taxpayers 
through political jobbery. The superfluous insane asylums, the 
Schools of Reform, the Normal Schools, the District Agricultural 
Fairs, and the various commissions that furnish places for politi- 
cians that give no return to the people for the money expended, have 
had a pernicious existence long enough and should be abolished. In 
his recommendations he applies his legal knowledge in suggesting 
the manner in which these reforms can be brought about. It is sim- 
ply a business document, and, although it exceeds in length the 
usual extent of inaugural messages, there is nothing superfluous in 
his address. He makes no promises, but urgently appeals to the 
Legislature to come to the rescue of the people by lopping off these 
useless and extravagant appendages. The consolidation of the five 
insane asylums into three, of the two State prisons into one, of the 
Horticultural and Viticultural commissions with the two universi- 
ties, where they belong, and the organization of three, instead of 
over forty, agricultural districts in the State, are all feasible and 
timely, and the legislators, although adverse to the Governor in 
politics, should take early action in adjusting affairs looking to econ- 
omy in the administration of State affairs. His estimate that 
$1,000,000 per annum can be saved by adopting the policy outlined is 
very modest, but in this, as in all other statements, he has chosen to 
be conservative. The strong and forcible language used by him in 
reference to the Railroad Commissioners was but the official utter- 
ance of organized party sentiment injected into the campaign by 
platform resolutions. All in ali, this document is one which coral 
mends itself to the people and the lawmakers who have been en- 
trusted with their interests. 

How Druggists A great many apothecaries manufacture in 
Make their own laboratories articles in line with those 

Substitutes. for which there is a general demand— face 
creams and lotions, cough medicines, rheuma- 
tism cures, and the like. For the reason that on the sale of these 
home-made articles they make a profit of from eight hundred to one 
thousand per cent., which is greatly in excess of that which they can 
make on established articles, their mercenary instinct leads them to 
push the sale of their own wares, often beyond the limit of decency. 
For instance, if a customer has read or heard of the merits of a 
widely advertised and evidentlv successful and popular article, and 
desires to secure it, he asks his apothecary for it, and that gentleman 
is likely to say, with a kindly assumption of superior wisdom, that 
he has the article, and will furnish it if desired, but that he has 
something else, equally as good, and by most persons believed to be 
much better, which he will sell at the same or even a lower price. 
His position enables him to abuse the confidence of his customer. 
The substitute which he offers may or may not be better than that 
which has been called for. Upon that point it is generally impossible 
for him to have any intelligent knowledge; for not only is he com- 
monly ignorant of the formula of the article called for, but, not be- 
ing a physician, it is absurd for him to claim that the substitute 

January 19,1895. 



which he offers, whether of his own or another's mannfariare, ran 
possess s higher therapeutical value than the other. He depend* 
Upon Ihe (Rnoranre mill IStomen f.>r the 

ful operation of a hat is clearlv - worse 

a case than that of the shrewd and plausible merchant wo 

a woman that she need? a hat when in footabj knows that 
she wants a cloak, bat la whe.>Hed and bullied Into baying the hal 
because the merchant's profit on hats la £0 much greater than that 
on cloaks. There are some drug store ■ IStomen who have the intel- 
ligence and independence promptly to rebuke this Species of duplicity 
on the part of pharmacists, bat the majority arc ignorant) ho 
and confiding, and It ia npon these that the mean rascalities of the 
drug trade are pnonircd. A meritorious proprietary article to pro- 
mote the sale of which a great deal of money has been Bpenl in ad- 
verlbing. and the popularity of which has become established, is thus 
forced into unfair competition with probably an inferior "substitute" 
which the pharmacist manufactures with inadequate appliances in 
his little back room, and to promote the sale of which he spends no 
money and depends solely on his own mendacity and the ignorance 
and credulity of his customers. Thus the pharmacist's act is a 
swindle both upon the customer and the manufacturer, and it is sur- 
prising that any respectable pharmacist should stoop to the practice. 

General Dimond At the annual meeting of the Chamber of 
Discusses Commerce, held last Tuesday, General \V. 

Commercial Affairs H. Dimond, Chairman, made an able ex- 
position of the achievements and aims of 
this organization. Among other matters, he called attention to the 
following: Three occurrences, depressing to the commerce of Cali- 
fornia, followed each other rapidly— first, the financial crisis of 1892-3, 
then the great strikes of 1894, and concurrently with both, the gene- 
ral depression all over the world. The outlook for the near future, 
however, is very bright. The convention of commercial bodies 
called by the Chamber of Commerce to urge the passage of the Nica- 
ragua Canal Eili has resulted in concerted intelligent action to that 
end, and the Hawaiian cable idea has been pushed, and river and 
harbor improvements and harbor fortifications have been secured. 
In contrast to the loud and futile efforts in other quarters to "purify" 
the city are the following remarks which he made, valuable as show- 
ing the sentiment of the sound-minded and substantial men of the city : 

'■ While the commercial and financial outlook for 1895 is bright, 
there is one source of great anxiety to every good citizen in the de- 
plorable corruption in the municipal government. It devolves upon 
every honest man to do what lies in his power to assist the work 
now inaugurated of ferreting out and punishing the guilty. This 
Chamber, as a representative body, should take early and definite 

" This most important suggestion I place first. This year some 
of ouryounger business men are represented in the Board of Trus- 
tees, and others have come forward as members to help along the 
good work the Chamber has cut out for each. I hail with pleasure 
the advent of this new blood. To the members, while thanking them 
for the honor conferred in again electing me to the high office of 
President of this Chamber, I would say in conclusion, may we, as indi- 
viduals and as a body, be found, when deciding public questions, able 
to put nation or State or city first and self second. Thus the Cham- 
ber will rank, as it should, the leading commercial organization of 
the Pacific Coast." 

Resolutions were adopted urging the Federal Government to as- 
sume general control of quarantine matters. Glaus Spreckels called 
attention to the instability of the Hawaiian government and the ad- 
visability of strengthening our commercial relations with the islands 
by means of a cable. A strong resolution was adopted opposing the 
Fithian Shipping Bill aa tending to force our Hag to seek foreign- 
built ships, and another was adopted urging the Legislature to ap- 
point a special committee to inquire into the corruption of San Fran- 
cisco municipal affairs, and severely condemning the practice of ap- 
pointing rascals as election officers. A communication was read 
from Hilary A. Herbert, Secretary of the Navy, pledging his support 
to the proposition to furnish this harbor with four torpedo boats. 

Governor Budd From being a very quiet citizen and success- 
andthe ful merchant, Moses A. Gunst has suddenly 

Police Commission, become the central figure of a howling 
tempest, and no one is so much astonished 
and dismayed thereat as he. It is a screaming, roaring, thundering 
teapot tempest, and shows more clearly than anything else possibly 
could how immature and unstable some of our people are. The cli- 
max of the extraordinary happenings attending Mr. Gunst's appoint- 
ment has been the action of Governor Budd declaring the Gunst ap- 
pointment void and appointing Stewart Menzies to the "vacancy." 
Mr. Gunst announces that he will hold the office. This means, not 
that he cares for the office, but that he refuses to accept the degrad- 
ing position in which he has been placed, that he understands the 
meaning of the opposition to him, and that he has the pride and 
courage of a man. Clearly Governor Budd has been swept off his 
feet by all this tin-can clamor, and it is inevitable that his act will 
offend persons of calm judgment and force them into Mr. Gunst's 
camp. A disgraceful lawsuit will now ensue, but Mr. Gunst could 
give no better evidence of his unfitness for the office than by submit- 
ting instead of figbting to the last ditch. In all likelihood Mr. 
Menzies would make as good a Police Commissioner as Mr. Gunst. 

PaiaaaaUj h« Is not a oonsldarabla laotor In this struggle, and rimy 

be left .»ut of the discussion. The two real IsSUS! are. Q| 

charge that If r. Oanst la a law-breaker by reason of his consorting 
■/Ith loose ch biers and promoting gnmbltni 

hats Democratic Governor sesames to have found 
a law under which he attempts i<> turn out h Republican office- 
holder and appoint a Democrat m hie stead, thus openly Introducing 
nenl ->f politics Into the management of the Ban Francisco 
Department. On the first count, every well-informed pi 
knows that Mr. Gonsl ha- nevi i with lawless oharai 

that he has never given the police any trouble, thai he baa never en- 
couraged any sports bnl those which are termed "legitimate" and 
"gentlemanly," thai be has never promoted or participated in un- 
lawful gambling, and that as a citizen and merchant he commands 
the confidence of all with whom he has had association and dealings. 
On the second count, there are many lawyers who think that Gov- 
ernor Budd had no warrant under the law to declare the office 
vacant, and there are many good citizens who think that he might 
have acted with more dignity and self-reliance and kept unmistak- 
ably within the law if he had waited till Mr. Gunst should prove 
himself incapable or dishonest, and then proceed to remove him for 

Our Good Mayor There appears to be a species of alarmed haste 
Leads the in all the steps taken to destroy Mr. Gunst. 

Army of Cranks. That is something to make thoughtful men 
ponder. It is strongly believed that the Police 
Department itself is the inspiration of this disgraceful persecution, 
and that it fears him. It is a peculiar fact that immediately after 
the announcement of Mr. Gunst's appointment every "crap " and 
dice game in the city suspended operations. These had run unmo- 
lested by the police and undetected by the Police Commission; it is 
believed that their managers feared the new Commissioner. In view 
of the fact that one of the principal Captains of Police in New York 
testified before the Lexow Committee that he did not know what a 
" dive" was, when it was a notorious fact that several disreputable 
dives existed in his district, the San Francisco Police Department 
needs the oversight of a well-informed and fearless Commissioner. 
The games which are played in the "Washoe Club, the premises of 
which are leased by Mr. Gunst, are not unlawful, and are identical 
with those played in the Pacific-Union Club. It is a regularly incor- 
porated and officered social club, and its articles of incorporation are 
on file with the Secretary of State. Its membership includes many 
of the leading men and good citizens of the city. To charge them, 
as has been done, with gambling in defiance of the law is even a 
greater insult than has been placed upon Mr. Gunst, and these mem- 
bers feel outraged and indignant. 

A Gathering The "mass meeting" at Metropolitan Hall last 
of the Saturday evening was called by wily Mayor Sutro 

Incorrigibles. for three purposes— to denounce the appointment 
of Mr. Gunst as Police Commissioner, to con- 
demn the United States District Attorney for refusing to issue a war- 
rant for the arrest of C. P. Huntington on a charge brought by a dis- 
charged railroad striker of violating the Interstate Commerce Act 
by issuing a pass to an attorney, and to protest against the passage 
of a Pacific Railways Funding Bill. The fact that the strong men 
of the city— the leading merchants and lawyers— kept away from the 
meeting, and that it was attended by the discontented, the unstable, 
the cranky, the unsuccessful, and the professionally "agitating" ele- 
ments, shows that Mr. Sutro's purpose was understood and despised 
by the judicious. He seized upon the Gunst affair merely as an in- 
ducement to the crowd to be present. His real purpose was to har- 
ass the Southern Pacific, and the malevolent old millionaire is 
shrewd enough to know how to make the rabble dance to the tunes 
of his pipe. Wise persons understand all these matters, and blush 
for shame to realize that we have such a Mayor and such a pack 
ready to bound forward when he whistles ; and they are humiliated 
to know that he has at his command that part of the local daily press 
which is boyish, freakish, shallow, time-serving, and utterly un- 
principled and irresponsible. The "committees" which were ap- 
pointed at that mass meeting (one so insolent as to demand of Mr. 
Gunst that he resign) are members of various cranky "reform 
movements'' and "societies," and without standing and influence — 
professional agitators, anarchists if they dared be, haters of wealth 
and prosperity, and dangerous to the peace and prosperity of the 
community to the full limit of their narrow perception and limited 
courage. On one side of this crowd, which is headed by the Mayor 
of San Francisco, stands as a support the meaner and more cow- 
ardly part of the daily press, and on the other certain small, loud 
mouthed, and vulgar preachers, who would scramble like maggots 
in carrion similar to that which the great Parkhurst has exposed. A 
pitiful and shameful spectacle it makes altogether! It is notorious 
that the Police Department is corrupt, and it is a crying need that 
its corruption be exposed and punished ; but the audacity of a Mayor 
who, until a fire stopped him temporarily, was proprietor of the 
most notorious and disgraceful assignation, drinking, and gambling 
house in the West, and whose drinking saloons, girdling the Park, 
turn every Sunday into that peaceful resort hordes of reeling ruffians 
—the audacity of such a man in presuming to call mass meetings of 


January 19, 1895. 

respectable citizens to suppress corruption is a spectacle for the gods, 
and so offensive to decency that good men contemptuously ignore 
him. The Grand Jury ought to represent the intelligence and hon- 
esty of the city; it is the legally constituted authority created for the 
purpose, among others, of discovering and punishing official cor- 
ruption. It has already placed its finger on rottenness in various 
branches of the city government, including the Police Department, 
but the inadequacy of its power under the charter has prohibited 
corrective action. Anew charter, so much needed, would remedy 
this defect and at the same time put a stop to the disgraceful and 
mischievous activity of rogues and incompetents who have axes to 
grind in their professed attempts to 'purify" the city. 

The Division The corrupt practices and overpowering iu- 
of fluence of politicians in large cities create dis- 

Alameda County, satisfaction among country people, and they 
seek the only relief offered to free themselves 
from the obnoxious alliance. The city of Oakland has presented a 
case of this kind, and a bill for divorce has been prepared setting 
Alameda, Oakland, and Berkeley aside as a separate and distinct 
city and county. This bill will be presented to the Legislature dur- 
ing the present session, and will be fought to a finish by the Alameda 
member who represents a constituency that have had hopes of a 
county-seat deferred so long. That Encinal city believes in division 
and prays for it, but not on the lines indicated by the proposed bill- 
The people there have not felt kindly toward Oakland and her 
methods in modern politics, preferring rather to keep within moral 
bounds and cleanliness. Although only separated by a narrow estu- 
ary of the bay, Alameda claims a superior climate and a much higher 
grade of civilization, in a political, as well as a social, sense, notwith- 
standing Oakland's claim as the Athens of the Pacific. The bill in 
question is a movement favoring Haywards, and has the endorse- 
ment of the country generally, but the county division question has 
been practically settled by the adoption of the Constitutional amend- 
ment at the late election, which removes it from legislative animos- 
ities where bitter local enmities have been engendered during the 
past ten years. 

Bright Prospects The Nicaragua Canal bill, now under consid- 
lor the eration in the United States Senate, is the 

Nicaragua Canal, mostimportantmeasurenow before Congress. 
It is a measure of more than national im- 
portance, and is especially championed by Senator Morgan of Ala- 
bama. There does not seem to be any opposition to the bill, pro- 
vided it fully protects the United States in the ownership and control 
of the canal. It is of such importance that every prominent mem- 
ber of the Senate has an ambition to be heard on the subject, and to 
give his personal views regarding the matter, that future generations 
may know that he had a hand in shaping the course of an enterprise 
that prophesies so much for the future of the republic. This desire 
on the part of so many has retarded final action, but it is evident 
that a vote will be taken by the first of next week, and the indica- 
tions are that it will be practically unanimous. It is not a party or 
Administration measure, but one which has the broadest significance 
as a patriotic and national enterprise, that will open the gates to the 
commerce of the world heretofore barred by a narrow isthmus divid- 
ing the two great oceans. It is estimated that the work will cost 
about $90,000,000. 

The Substitute The withdrawal of the Carlisle Currency Bill, and 
for the the substitution of a new bill, will leave the mat- 

Carlisle Bill, ter about as it was before any legislation was 
attempted. The substitute bill differs from the 
original in two respects. One of these is a provision allowing national 
banks to continue on their present basis, unless they prefer to change 
to the proposed new basis. The original bill required them to change 
at once. The other difference is that, whereas the Carlisle bill, 
so-called, provided that in case any bank failed, and its assets were 
not sufficient to redeem the bank notes, and the thirty per cent, 
guarantee fund had been exbaus-ted, the entire association of national 
banks could be levied on to make good the notes of the collapsed 
bank, the substitute bill relieves the associated banks of any respon- 
sibility beyond the thirty per cent, guarantee fund. The substitute 
bill is generally favored by the national banks, and has the active 
support of ex-Controller of the Currency Hepburn, of New York. 

Legislation The national bankruptcy bills presented by two 
for members of Congress are creating no little interest 

Bankruptcy, throughout the country. They differ in the fact 
that one provides for voluntary and the other for 
involuntary bankruptcy. The bill presented by Senator George, of 
Louisiana, is similar to the old bankrupt law which was passed in 
1867 and repealed in 1878, and provided for voluntary bank- 
ruptcy. The condition of the country at the present time 
has created a demand for a national uniform system in con- 
nection with the insolvency laws of the States, and the demand 
seems to be so general and so pressing that its advocates are active 
in pushing it to a vote in the Senate. Involuntary bankruptcy is 
not popular, as it imposes hardships upon the debtor class that 
might be avoided, and the George bill will probably become the law. 

THE ROOF-TREE.— Robert Louis Stevenson. 

HOME no more home to me, whither must I wander? 
Hunger my driver, I go where I must. 
Cold blows the winter wind over hill and heather; 

Thick drives the rain, and ray roof is in the dust. 
Loved of wise men was the shade of my roof-tree. 

The true word of welcome was spoken in the door — 
Dear days of old, with the faces in the fire-light, 
Kind folks of old, you come again no more. 

Home was home then, my dear, full of kindly faces; 

Home was home then, my dear, happy for the child. 
Fire and the windows bright glittered on the moorland. 

Song, tuneful song, built a palace in the wild. 
Now, when day dawns on the brow of the moorland, 

Lone stands the house, and the chimney-stone is cold. 
Lone let it stand, now the friends are all departed, 

The kind hearts, the true hearts, that loved the place of old. 

Spring shall come, come again, calling up the moor-fowl, 

Spring shall bring the sun and rain; bring the bees and 
Red shall the heather bloom over hill and valley, 

Soft flow the stream through the even-Mowing hours; 
Fair the day shine as it shone on my childhood — 

Fair shine the day on the bouse with open door; 
Birds come and cry there and twitter in the chimney — 

But I go forever and come again no more. 


CHRISTIAN Charles Edward Russ, one of the old pioneers of 
this State, died at the German Hospital in this city on Tues- 
day last. Mr. Russ was more than a pioneer. He was a mem- 
ber of the celebrated Stephenson Regiment, which took an active 
part in laying the foundation and preparing the way for American 
occupation, and be also served in the war with Mexico. He lo- 
cated in San Francisco in the early days and conducted a jewelry 
store, where he worked at bis trade. In business he was success- 
ful and amassed quite a fortune. During the mining stock ex- 
citement he began to speculate, and was unfortunate, losing a 
large part of bis wealth. He was a Mexican War Veteran and a 
member of the Society of California Pioneers, both of which or- 
ganizations owe mucb to bis liberality. He was born in Held- 
bergbensen, Saxony, and was sixty-six years of age. His son, 
Adolph Russ, and son-in-law, Edward Koloforth, were present at 
his death bed. 

The Hon. E. D. Wheeler, one of the best known and prominent 
attorneys of San Francisco, died of beart disease at tbe St. Nicho- 
las Hotel, on Tuesday, the 15th inst. Judge Wheeler came to 
California in 1849, and was active and energetic in tbe work of 
State building. He possessed a good education, and was elected 
County Clerk of Y»ba County, where he completed the study of 
law and was admitted to tbe bar. He was a member of the Slate 
Senate when Broderick was requested to resign for having at- 
tacked Buchanan's administration on tbe Lecompton question, 
and he made a speech in Broderick's defense which gave him a 
State reputation. He was appointed Judge of tbe Nineteenth 
Judicial District by Governor Booth for a term of one year, after 
which be was elected for six years. After retiring from the bench 
in 1880 he continued the practice of law in this city, in which he 
was successful. He was born in Connecticut in 1828. He leaves 
a wife, who lives at his home in (Jkiab, and a son, who is a 
resident of Eureka. 

J. J. Owen, one of tbe ablest and best known editors on tbe 
Pacific Coast, died of apoplexy in this city on Tuesday of this 
week. This announcement would be sufficient were it not for 
tbe fact that we owe something to the memory of an able man. 
Mr. Owen was, for more than a quarter of a century, the active, 
intelligent, and forcible editor of the San Jose Mercury, and, as 
such, assisted largely in the building up of that beautiful vallej. 
He was a thoughtful and graceful writer, and has left the imprint 
of his genius in many a household in a volume entitled " Sunday 
Talks." It is a gem of philosophical thought of a certain order, 
in which be expressed his ideas as a free thinker in so graceful 
and unique languaee that the most orthodox who read it could but 
be charmed. Mr. Owen was born in Onondaga County, New 
York, in 1827, and after having visited California in 1850, he re- 
turned and served one term in the New York Legislature. He 
finally came to this State in 1861, where be has since resided. He 
came to San Francisco a few days ago to take charge of a depart- 
ment in the Sunday Call, where Mr. Charles M. Shortridge bad 
given him the privilege of expressing his independent views on 
all subjects. He leaves a wife, two sons, and four daughters. 
One of his sons is now Recorder of Santa Clara County. 

THE election of Felix Faure by the National Assembly to be 
President of France seems to be a further carrying out of a 
conservative republican policy. 

January 19. 1895. 



IN a dingy little thlrd-slory room, sooth of Market street. * 
young man was completing the packing of a small, a very 
small. |lrunk. He palled ool one more bureau drawer, selected 
from Its contents all the articles that bad any possible value, and 
threw them Into tbe trunk, which he closed with a snap, and 
locked. Then, straightening himself up, he gave one last com- 
prehensive glance about tbe room, to make sure that be bad for- 
gotten nothing. On tbe shaky little table In tbe corner lay four 
or five sealed letters, and on these his glance rested for a mo- 
ment, while a smile, part bitter, part sorrowful, flickered about 
bis lips. 

•<I suppose they won't grudge roe a decent burial — I never 
could have asked them for anything else; but this much " 

He walked to tbe little window and looked out upon tbe street. 
It was a dark, gloomy afternoon, and tbe drizzling rain and the 
approach of evening made it yet more dismal. "Quite in accord 
witb my feelings!" thought Walton; "a proper setting, indeed, 
for tbe last scene. Well, old man. let's move.'' And he went 
out, leaving tbe door unlocked, and walked down iuto the street, 
where be stood for a moment, hesitating. 

••H'm'. let's see." he muttered. "How are we fixed, Jack? 
Dollar, dollar and a half, seventy -five, ninety— we won't get oil 
tbe earth witb an empty stomach, my boy. One last square 
meal, anyway, theo " 

He glanced at bis threadbare clothes and sadly worn shoes 
witb a sensation of pity for bimself, then straightened himself 
proudly up and walked briskly in the direction of Market street 
and the caf£ wbere be had been wont to eat in the days before 
want and bitter poverty drove him to less desirable places. In 
tbe restaurant be saw three or four persons whom be bad been 
acquainted with when he first came to 8an Francisco, three years 
back; but he did not speak to them, nor did they recognize him. 
Indeed, who would have known tbis gaunt, pale, hollow-eyed, 
aeedy man for the baodsome. happy-go-lucky artist whom they 
remembered as Jack Walton? 

One man, Jack noted in particular — a roan whom he had be- 
friended once in New York, before he lost his little fortune. He 
was a newspaper man, Dick Latham by name, who had gone to 
the metropolis from a country paper to make a name for bimself, 
and who bad about all tbe life and hope crushed out of him 
when Jack picked him up and set him on his feet. He turned 
once, and caught Jack staring at bim. He looked keenly at the 
artist, then returned to tbe perusal of bis paper. 

"Even Dick doesn't know me," thought Jack, sadly, yet 
really glad that such was the case. "I wonder how long he's 
been here? Looks prosperous, very. 1 hope your good lack 
will continue, old chap." 

Having dined as he had not dined before in many a month, 
Walton rose and left tbe place, feeling more at peace with the 
world. As he passed oat, Latham looked up at him and started 
slightly. But, though be reddened and half rose from his chair, 
he did not speak. 

"He did recognize me, after all," thought Walton, bitterly. 
Then, more gently, "Well, Dicky, I don't know that I blame 
you — it's only tbe way of the world." 

"Laugh, and the world laughs with you; weep, and yon weep 
alone," reflected Walton, dodging to the edge of the sidewalk to 
avoid possible recognition by some former women acquaintances 
whom he saw coming. The narrow escape made him hurry 
faster, and he did not slacken his steps until he got safely below 
Montgomery street, as he walked down Montgomery street 
towards the bay. 

Down on the water-front it was all bustle and hurry. Shoppers 
from across tbe bay were hurrying to catch boatB homeward 
bound, and in all the confusion it was the easiest matter in the 
world to step cff the dock unnoticed. Walton wandered about 
for a time, in a listless way, then sauntered off to find a dark 
place to jump from. He found it, but hesitated a moment before 
taking the plunge, and looked over towards the Oakland ferry, 
where the crowd was hurrying to and fro. 

"Good-bye, old world," be sighed. "You've been pretty 
rough with me — and pretty good, too. Well " 

Someone seized his arm and jerked him backward. "Don't do 
that!" said a familiar voice, sharply. Jack looked at the other 
man; it was Latham. Latham stared at him. 

"My Godl" he cried, "it isn't— it can't be— Jack Walton? 
Jack ! You!" 

"Nobody else, Dick," replied Walton, wearily. He was weak, 
now, from tbe reaction, and leaned against the pier building for 
support. "But you— I thought yoa didn't — that is, that you'd 
forgotten me." 

"Never I But you have changed so. I didn't recognize you at 
the caf6; I only thought, ■ There's a man with something desper- 
ate in mind,' and, thank God, I got up and followed you. What 
the devil do you mean, you old scamp? I've a notion to — to " 

"Kick me? Go ahead, Dick. I haven't been abused in a 
friendly way for a long, long time." 

They looked into each other's eyes and laughed. Then Latham 
took Jack's arm and walked him up tbe street. 

Jack Walton will never forget thai day, nor tbt daya that fol- 
lowed It; nor how, soon afterward, nearly every newspaper In 
tbe city contained a complimentary notice of himself, as "the 
brilliant young artist, who baa just returned from a two yean' 
sojourn in New York and Paris, where he has left lasting Im- 
pressions," and so forth. nrf lib. It was tbe turning point of bis 
career. People began to look him np, and, what Is more to lb* 
point, gave him commissions; be became a fad, and that settled 

• • • • 

That is tbe story as told by Walton bimself on the first anni- 
versary of tbat dark day when he was going to jump into the 
bay. We were silting around the fireplace al the club, telling 
stories, and Ibat was Walton's final contribution. 

There was silence for a few seconds after Walton concluded. 
Then spoke the Skeptic. 

"You ought to turn your hand to fiction, Walton; you've quite 
a pretty knack at it. Now, I'm far from calling yon a liar, but I 
don't believe that yarn." 

"Why?" asked Walton, smilingly. 

"Well, for two reasons. First, you don't look like a man who 
has ever been driven to such extremities; second, men like Dick 
Latham are far more likely to exist in fiction than in real life." 

"Well, to tell the truth, Skep, you're right; the yarn merely 
bad facts for a foundation. I never contemplated suicide, bat I 
once was, white working on what I expeoted to be a great pic- 
tare, beastly hard up. At tbat time I went to Latbam (a real 
person, though that wasn't bis name), hoping for a reciprocal 
good turn. Instead, I got a condescending cold shoulder. So I 
told him to go'to the devil, went back to my studio, covered up 
my master-piece, and went to work painting little bits for the 
art stores — not for the glory of art, but for the satisfaction of the 
inner man and the landlord. But," be concluded, naively, "it 
made quite a story, didn't it — and more of a man of me than the 
imaginary experience would?" Lestek Ketchum. 

Go to Morse's for the best photos— Cabinets, Paris Panels, Crayons, 
etc. Prices to suit the times. Top floor, Columbian building, 916 
Market street. Take elevator. 


Comforts ^ 

f The 




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A feature of tne California is the American plan 
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January 19, 18V5 


** We Obey no Wand but Pleasure's,*'— Tom Moore. 

THE Tavary " English " Opera Company closes its engagement 
ai the Baldwin tbis week. There are two facts exceedingly 
interesting to relatp — first, the bouse bas been crowded every 
evening; second, Mr. Guille bas received most of tbe applause! 
If these two assertions were expanded we might read something 
very amusing concerning ourselves as San Franciscans. Bat bald 
assertions are rarely valuable, and the best critic is he who is 
most modest — to him the pit is always more interesting than tbe 
stage. More than art the cynic enjoys tbe skill with which the 
crowd may be handled. Here we are, forced to acknowledge as 
a city that we cannot support Mr. 6cbeel on legitimate lines and 
are boping that be will do better when he introduces clownish ef- 
fects, and here we are showing how much we know about music 
by packing tbe seats which face good Madame Tavary. She is a 
pretty and sweet-mannered woman, and the fact tbat she has a 
headache expression of face does not mar her personal charm any 
more than does tbat lack of easy grace which we expect from 
Frenchwomen. As a sweet and comfortable housewife of tbe 
Holland peasant type this silver-throated woman would be an 
immaculate example. As for poor Guille, it is explained tbat he 
bas been having too many French dinners lately. That, for a 
Frenchman 1 One tenor mercurial, tbe other stuffed ; one with 
tbe memory of a voice, the other with a developed thyroid bone 
and a smooth larynx ; a robust German basso cantate who can- 
not sing in English ; a French diva who tries faithfully to sing in 
English; a Chicago mezzo soprano who can sing only in Italian; 
a superb orchestra, with a genius as conductor; dismal scenery 
and awkward settings ; only one in the company who can " act " 
—tbe mezzo-soprano; a splendidly unbalanced chorus, — such is 
Madame Tavary's " English " Opera Company. 

Bat Madame Tavary herself is so sweet, pretty, and gracious, 
tbat she will be lemembered with the kindliest feeling. And she 
can sing, and does sing. Wirey, nervous little Thea Dorre has 
made a deep niche in memory in other ways. If there is a finer 
Carmen than she we should like to see her, and we believe that 
there is not another to equal her. It is a beautiful trait in Madame 
Tavary to give this Chicago girl (who cannot sing in English) so 
splendid an opportunity as Carmen offers. "If I dared," this 
charming diva sometimes sayB, » I would play Carmen with 
holes in her Blockings, just as Merrim€e describes her in bis 
novel. It is such a mistake to dress Carmen well in the first act. 
Later in tbe opera she may wear silks and stockings. Don Josf bas 
given her money, and she has made more by helping tbe smug- 
glers; hot in the first act Carmen is just a poor working-girl." 
One peculiarity about Madame Dorre's Carmen is tbat she does 
not deck herself out in short skirts, like a queen of comic opera, 
to play the part, but dresses in every detail like tbe ordinary Se- 
ville working-girl. Her Santuzza, too, was studied in tbe country 
where the action of Cavalleria Rusticana is supposed to pass, and 
IB correct to tbe sboe-stringe. Emma Jucb, for instance, con- 
scientious artiste as she is, wears a somewhat short skirt, and 
plays Santuzza with a square of muslin on her head — a very 
pretty adornment, but exclusively Roman, and unknown in Sicily. 

# • m 

Lottie Collins closes her reason at tbe California this evening. 
She bas been eminently successful, and deserves her popularity. 
It is somewhat disappointing to reflect that her "business" (ex- 
cept her unique dancing) was invented by Rosina Vokes many 
years ago, for this sprightly young woman with Semitic features 
ought to be able to discover something new besides her dancing. 
Even in this latter regard ebe gives merely a suggestion of bow 
she might better employ tbe wonderful leg agility which she 
possesses. We have never seen a premiere danseuse in ballet so 
agile, so leg-true, and original; and it is gratifying to observe 
tbat she scorns tbe stale and useless trick of toe dancing. But 
Miss Collins's movements are not dancing in the ordinary sense, 
and that is a pleasant thing. 

Lallah RookK ia having a remarkable run at tbe Tivoli, and will 
hold tbe stage until the 28tb inst., when His Majesty will be 
given. The great anticipatory interest which attaches to this 
production by local talent in no wise dims the pleasure which 
the public still takes in seeing the beautiful and exceedingly 
amusing spectacle now holding the boards. 
# * * 

The stormy weather has not been the slightest deterrant to the 
people who know what a high-class vaudeville entertainment is, 
and who are always sure of finding it at the Orpheum. All those 
who have seen Lydia Yearnans-Titus will be glad to learn that 
they may see her again, as she has been engaged for another 
week. Her excruciating imitations, supported by an exquisitely 
flexible and musical voice, have never been equaled for fidelity, 
and her other singing is exquisite. Among the new attractions 
for the ensuing week are Dorothy Deming, the "Travesty 

Queen," and the Bord mans in their character sketch, The Inno- 
cent Kid. The Eddy family, Bantb, Rudd, and Flakey, James 
McAvoy, Bogert & O'Brien, Josef Lolset, Alice Raymond, and 
others will give evidence of the management'^ liberality and 
judgment in securing the best vaudeville artists tbat can be had. 
» » * 

Herrmann, the greatest living prettidipitateur, will hold the 
s'age of tbe California Theatre next week, beginning Monday 

evening. Seats are al- 
ready selling at a rate 
indicative of the great 
popular desire to see tbis 
remarkable man again. 
Especially noteworthy is 
tbe demand for seats for 
the matinee on Saturday 
next. Herrmann's orig- 
inality is one of bis 
strongest attractions. 
With a scientific turn of 
mind and an intense love 
of tbe art to which he 
has devoted his life, he 
is always bringing out 
the mystifying creations 
of his own brain, and In 
tbis regard alone be is 
unique in tbe world of 
prestidigitation. His pro- 
gramme tbis season is a 
gorgeous one, containing 
new mysteries and illu- 
sions, in which tbe 
magician is said to have 
outdone himself. Among 
these are tbe beautiful 
spectacular magi-com- 
edy, called "The Artist's 
Dream," tbe biblical 
miracle, "Noah's Ark, or 
After the Flood," the 
Oriental marvel, " The 
Asiatic Trunk Mystery," 
Herrmann's most in- 
comprehensible feat, and 
tbe national paradox, 
"The Columbian Trans- 
Mme. Herrmann. formation." Special at- 

tention may be called to tbe "Artist's Dream," in which special 
scenery and electrical effects are used by the magician. 

Nellie McHenry, in ber lively play, A Night at the Circus, is the 
attraction to follow Professor and Mme. Herrmann at the Cali- 
fornia Theatre.— Tbat delightful satire in the best vein of tbe 
master-writer of farces, Hoyt's A Temperance Town, acted by 
Hoyt's own company, will soon be seen at tbe California.— 
Our Flat, a comedy much like The Passport, with tbat delightful 
comedienne, Emily Banker, as the star, comes to the California 

Theatre in March. Tbe well-known violin soloist, Eddie Fox, 

is with Professor Herrmann, and will play his famous "Chicken 
Polka" and other selections at each performance. Maude Har- 
rison comes to San Francisco as the leading lady of The Qirl I Left 

Behind Me Company, Tbe Temple Emanu-El Sabbath-school 

Festival takes place to morrow (Sunday) afternoon at the Cali- 
fornia Theatre. Over one hundred children will appear in the 
operetta, The Merry Company, and many excellent features will be 
introduced in addition to the solos and choruses. Miss Josephine 
Cobn and Cantor E. J. Stark have the direction of the production. 
^—Commencing on Monday, tbe Baldwin will remain closed for 
two weeks, and will re-open on Monday, February 4th, with 
Frederick Warde and Louis James in their production of Henry 
IV. Besides this they will also present their regular repertory of 
plays, which they will produce in the same excellent manner 

that we have been accustomed to see them in. The Qaiety Qirl, 

one of the great "successes" of the season, is coming to the Bald- 
win after Warde and James. — Marie Burroughs is said to have 
a splendid play in Pinero's latest, The Profligate. Miss Burroughs 
had made a distinct hit in tbe leading idle in Boston, where she 
is also presenting Judah, in which we bad tbe pleasure of seeing 

ber when she was last here with Willard. Tbe great comic 

opera success, The Fencing Master, is soon to be seen at the Bald- 
win. The Qaiety Qirl company, which we are to see at the 

Baldwin, is the original one from tbe Prince of Wales's Theatre, 
London. It is one of the big attractions of the season. 

Twenty live or more horses will be used in the rescue 

scene of The Qirl I Left Behind Me," when it comes to tbe 
California Theatre with Charles Froh man's original company. 

The Auditorium stage, with the gallant Fritz Scheel surrounded 
by the bevy of handsome girls who comprise tbe Saturday Morn- 

January 19, 189'.. 


tog Orchestra, and iu profusion of flowers and plant), made a 
picture of brightness and beauty oo Tuesday evening so refresh- 
ing to the eye that many discrepancies common to tbe amateur 
were readily forgiven by the gently assailed ear. Boclety, ap- 
plausive aud good-natured, turned out in numbers strong enough 
to tax tbe seating capacity of tbe bouse. Of tbe orchestra, much 
that is kindly may be said. It now consists entirely o' strings, 
and under the baton of Mr. Scbeel, makes many delicate and 
artistic effects. Tbe Brat violins did some clever work, though 
they were a trifle vague oo tbe bigb tones. Tbe second violins 
and bass were not as much to evidence as they should have been 
to complete a perfect ensemble. Miss Jeannette Wilcox dis- 
played a pleasing contralto voice and scored a success. Her tii\-i 
number was song In a language that for singing she is fortunate in 
knowing so little of. Tbe Bach -Gounod ••Prelndiuru," on the 
violin and harp, by Miss Alice Ames and Miss Marie Dillon, is 
worthy of special mention for its excellent rendition. The con- 
cert was for the bent tit of tbe "Little Jim" fund, and added con- 
siderably to the now imposing amount on hand. 

The series of three lectures just concluded by Mr. Sbebadi A. 
tibebadi before the Mercantile Library Auxiliary, has proved of 
unusual interest to scholars as well as to tbe general public. Tbe 
lecturer is a native of Syria, talented, thoroughly educated, and 
observant, and possesses the happy gift of embellishing bis sub- 
ject with anecdote and poetry while winning his bearers' entire 
credence by his directness and simplicity in tbe statement and 
summary of facts. Mr. tihehadi's lectures were forcibly illus- 
trated by assistants dressed in the costume of tbe various nation- 
alities under consideration, and by examples of religious and 
other ceremonials. Perhaps tbe most deeply interesting lecture 
was the third, the Bubject "Mabommed and Al Islam," whose 
adherents number millions of tbe most scholarly and intellectual 
people on earth, being one of unusual attraction to tbe studious 
and intelligent bearer. Those fortunate enough to bear it dis- 
covered the difference between the ordinary text-book knowl- 
edge of distant lands and peoples, their laws, governments, reli- 
gions and customs, and the realistic undemanding gained through 
their exposition by one "to the manner born" and who views bis 
subjects from within instead of from without. It will be a source 
of general satisfaction that there is a probability of another series 
of these instructive lectures being given by Mr. Shehadi in the 
near future. 

On next Saturday afternoon the new series of Carr-Beel Pops 
will begin at Golden Gate Hall. This will be the 41st of these 
concerts that Mrs. Uarr and Mr. Beel have given, every one of 
which has been a treat to the lovers of classic chamber music. 
Mr. Algernon Aspland will be tbe vocalist. Dvorak's latest com- 
position, a string quartette, will be played here for the first time. 


EDITOR News Letter: In your Christmas number appeared an 
extract from the Boston Globe, in which it was said, apropos 
of women on bicycles, that, firstly, they always looked untidy 
and ungraceful, and secondly, that no New York society women 
rode in public. Being a New York society woman and a bicycle 
fiend also, I am prepared to answer this. 

How the fad started I can't say. The first woman in our com- 
munity to take it up was Mrs. McCoskry Butt. Then followed 
quickly Mrs. Bordie Harriman, Mrs. Butler Duncan, Miss de Gar- 
mendia, Miss Furman, Miss Beekman, Mrs. Dick Lounsberry, 
Mrs. Marion Story, Mrs. La Montague, Mrs. Harry Kingsley, 
Mrs. Charlie Montant, and dozens of others, among whom Miss 
Catherwood, of California, is one of the ones who excel. These 
women think nothing of twenty miles on the road, and now that 
winter has set in most of them have become members of the 
Michaux Club, where they go to practice and where they keep 
their wheels and their costumes. 

None of us wear bloomers 1 This is one of our unwritten social 
laws. Tbe smart woman on her wheel is usually clothed as fol- 
lows: knickerbockers of breech-cloth, covert coating or doeskin, 
gathered under the knee into a plain buff-colored band with three 
buttons about four fingers wide; leather leggings or golf stockings 
and well-kept russet or pigskin shoes; a very skimp skirt, gener- 
ally two yards and a quarter around, of some plain material, and 
either a sweat and tight short jacket, k la Eton, or for a stout 
woman a coat which covers tbe hips and falls over the back of 
the seat. Under this they wear shirts and vests, or some even 
wear woolen sweaters made to fit at the waist. 

A well-made skirt should not ride up and should be about to 
the tops of one's shoes. Some are longer, but few shorter. A 
severely plain tailor hat completes tbe outfit. 

Women dressed like this will look trim and neat, and many 
look very graceful and pretty. She should ride with her saddle 
and handle bars as high as possible and should use straight handle- 
bars. The curved ones are for racing. The bars should be so 
placed that she can sit erect and allow her hands to rest lightly 

on tbe bars. There should be no movement from the body, mostly 
ankle and knee exercise. 

I regard a woman In bloomers as a holy show I No matter how 
tbey are made, and particularly when worn with big sleeves, 
they make a woman positively ridiculous. If I were to sport the 
bifurcated, I would at least do so as becomingly as possible, and 
wear carefully made riding breeches or knickerbockers. As yet 
no one has dared this, but who knows 7 If some woman with a 
social position In tbe neighborhood of the sky should set the 
fashion, we are sure to follow— not otherwise. 

Meanwhile, typewriter*, chorus girls, shop clerks, manicures, 
etc. are the ones who enjoy tbe freedom of limb of tbe bloomers, 
as they spin around the avenues of tbe Park. A Bicycmst. 

New York, January 4, 1HD5. 

T V sr *f 


» is «=- 


'-a of 






THE iz- 





. .-««.!«- »«.__ t POSTPAID FOR 25CENTS 



Al Hayman & Co. (Incorporated) Proprietors 

8. H. Friedlandee ... Manager 

Commencing Monday, January 21st. Matinee Saturday. Limited en- 
gagement of the Napoleon uf necromancers, the great 

in his new marvelous entertainment of magic, mirth, and mystery. Pre- 
senting his newest marvels and illusions, assisted by Mine. Herrmann, in 
h er bewildering dances. Weekly change of bill. 


Mbb. Ernestine Kreling Proprietor and Manager- 

To-night. The production of the season. Fourth week. Glorious sue 
cess. Second edition; grander than ever. The great holiday spectacle, 


Book by John P. Wilson. Music by Joseph Hirschbach. 
wondrous transformation, "Alcoves of the Peri's Garden, 
specia'ties. A world of beauteous scenery. 

Monday, January 28th— HIS MA.TfcSTV. 


Oscar L. Fest's 
' Mirth, music 


O'Farrell St., between Stockton and Powell StB. 

San Francisco's Great Music Hall. 

Week commencing Monday, Jan. 21st — Another sensational bill! 

DOROTHY DEM1NQ, the celebrated American "Travesty Queen." 

THE BORDMANS, in their character sketch, "The Innocent Kid." THE 


& O'BRIEN, JOSEF LOIdET, ALICE RAYMOND, and re-engagement lor 

one more week only of 

MATINEE PRICES— Parquet, any part, 25c; balcony, any part, 10c; 
children, 10c, any seat. EVENING PRICES— Reserved seats, 25c ; balcony 
10c,; opera chairs and box seats, 50c. Saturday and Sunday matinees. 


are made with tbe 


For fine shooting they are simply perfect. 



pearances arranged. SHAKESPEAREAN AC 

San Francisco, Cal. 

The English actress, coaches ladies and 
he dramatic profession; ap- 
ACADEMY, 1017 Ellis St., 

Mas Removed to 824 Market St., Phelan Building. 


January 19. 1895. 


THE first open meeting of the Philomath Club at Maple Hall 
Monday, was undoubtedly a pronounced success, nor could 
it have been otherwise when the banner members, from a long 
list of deserving aspirants for intellectual attainment, were 
selected to entertain the club's guests and prove Its claim to rank 
among the best women's literary associations. The assemblage was 
brilliant one, viewed from any standpoint, but particularly gor- 
geous and pleasing to the eye. It is an old-fashioned idea to ex- 
pect to see women who incline to letters and mental superiority 
clothed amply but regardless of the dictates of Fashion, but it is 
difficult to grasp the fact that they are rivals, in this respect, of 
their more frivolous sisters. "Costly thy habit as thy purse can 
buy" appears to be one of the mottoes of the Philomaths, for they 
were arrayed as the lily, that toils not and spins not. The sev- 
eral musical numbers of the programme were enjoyable, and gave a 
dainty flavor to the intellectual feast. Neither Mrs. Brown's sing- 
ing nor the violin playing of Miss Dannenbaum (and decidedly 
not Miss Lowemberg's skillful fingering) made a single appeal to 
our emotions. What a lot of fine mechanical music testifies to the 
patience and lavish expenditure of suffering humanity! 
» * * 

The three papers read were meritorious and of different degrees 
of interest, according to the subjects and handling thereof. Miss 
Harriet Levy brilliantly sustained her reputation for originality 
of thought as well as for the form and elegance of her diction. 
What a fortunate thing it is that her delivery is so excellent that 
she can infuse added wit by her vocal inflections into her spark- 
ling, intelligent writing! Her second paper, "Fishing-tackle," 
was, as her first, in the form of dialogue, and had for its objective 
point the ways and means to land men in the matrimonial net. 
Beauty, wealth, position, brains, single or in combination, have 
often succeeded in bringing about desirable results, but she tried 
to prove that the modern eligible is wary of the angler and suc- 
cumbs oftenest nowadays to association and isolation combined. 
The girls digested much wisdom in a very palatable form. Miss 
Wolf made a vigorous, clever argument in favur of retaining the 
feminine, lovable woman wb)m nature provided as man's ideal, 
and strongly protested against the New Woman, who would risk 
her elevated ideals and genuine freedom for doubtful gain. We 
didn't agree with her altogether, but she expresses herself ex- 
quisitely, and we are afraid that her beautiful illustrations and 
daintily clothed sophistries almost convinced us that it is best to 
gambol on the green as did her pet lamb in the fable. Miss Prag's 
subject was so unhappily chosen that few noted what care and 
scholarly effort was put into it. She is naturally gifted and has 
bad good college training. I have omitted Miss Dinkelspiel's re- 
citation, which must have been made with the promise or antici- 
pation of a male audience; consequently, wbil&t her voice is 
pleasing and her manner cultured, she did not make that modern 
invention of society, or just without society— the typewriter — a 
bit more popular with the mothers, wives, and sisters who have 
to submit to her existence. 

John Muir, the geologist, explorer, and naturalist, has made a 
reputation as a protector of trees and plants and all that Mother 
Nature sends up from her fertile bosom. Few men have won 
higher reputation than Mr. Muir for sleeping on lonely hillsides 
on lonely nights, scaling the sides of glaciers, and giving a gene- 
ral report on the condition of outdoor affairs. As the wild and 
woolly poseur Mr, Muir has been eminently respectable. He has 
returned from his lofty heights on mountain slopes, scarred and 
tanned, and he has related in the snug chambers of wayside inns 
the stories of his peril. The fortunate hour came when John 
Muir married a rich wife, and then there was a partial falling-off 
of his interest in geology. Once, in the prime of his adventurous 
career, he bad declared to a friend that he was so imbued with 
the wild spirit of the forest that nothing but the skin of a grizzly 
bear could be bis conch. The next morning that friend called at 
Mr. Muir's room in the old Cosmopolitan Hotel, expecting to find 
the geologist, litterateur, and explorer lying on the skin of some 
gigantic grizzly slain by his own skillful hand in the gloomy 
ravines of the Sierra. Alas, it was not so ! Mr. Muir was snugly 
tucked in between ordinary Mission blankets, and looked like a 
man who could not distinguish a glacier from the San Bruno 

* # # 

Colonel Finnegan is about as good a judge of human nature as 
he is of horses; he is also generous, but objects decidedly to be- 
ing taken advantage of on that score. During the season of 
charity fairs and benefits he was asked to give something toward 
a Catholic entertainment for tbe benefit of some society or asy- 
lum. The Colonel agreed to give a three hundred dollar colt to 

the fair if he could be raffled for twice that sum. The proposition 
and colt were accepted, and the terms carried out. Shortly after, 
a lady, whose husband controls the water interests of tbe Athena 
of the West, hearing of Mr. Finnegan's kindness, approached the 
gentleman with a plea for her fair. Would he not give them 
something, after being so liberal in the other instance? The 
Colonel demurred, but after some persuasion and insistence finally 
agreed to give a Jersey calf, worth seventy-five dollars, provid- 
ing the animal were raffled at twice that sum. This the lady 
promised to do, and departed highly pleased at her success. 
After the entertainment was over she sought the Colonel and an- 
nounced jubilantly that she was the lucky winner of that " beau- 
tiful Jersey beifer you were so good as to give us, Colonel Finne- 
gan." She then asked that the calf be sent to her ranch, out of 

"But," said the Colonel, "you certainly will not keep tbe 
calf. You can be as generous as I, and have another raffle." 

" Not at all," replied the lady; "I won that calf, and I'm going 
to keep it; so please have it sent over for me." 

" Very well," smiled tbe Colonel. " When shall I send Aim." 

" Him I " exclaimed Mrs. C . 

"Certainly; I said I would give you a Jersey calf — I did not 
say heifer;" and the Colonel gazed abstractedly into the dim dis- 

Major Ned Palmer, the prince of epicures, was seen standing 
on Tuesday in front of Moragban's, in the California Market, in 
earnest contemplation of a soft-shell crab. His bands were clasped 
behind his back, bis lips pursed, and bis air was that of one study- 
ing a serious problem. 

" The soft-shell crab," said the Major, "at this season of the 
year reaches its highest degree of plumpness. I am about to give 
a little dinner to-night to a few friends at the club, and I am to 
cook myself a large dish of those delicious crustacie. I will pre- 
pare a batter of cream, beaten eggs, and pulverized cracker. I 
shall have a chafing dish filled with the best California oil heated 
to the highest pitch, and then, after rolling my crabs in tbe batter, 
will plunge them in the boiling oil and let them remain there un- 
til they attain a delicate crisp." 

" What will be your next course, Major? " inquired an inter- 
ested friend of the pondering epicure. 

" I am about to make an experiment," replied tbe Major. << I 
will take tbe breast slices from a canvasback duck, and broil and 
serve them with cayenne sauce. And then," hecontinued, warm- 
ing to the subject, " I've got a nice Oregon grouse which I shall 
stuff with spiced meat and mushrooms, and I shall have a roasted 
egg for an entremet, and after that an old-fashioned English apple 
pie, cooked in a brown dish with cloves, allspice, and cinnamon. 

" And what will the wines be, Major ? " 

» Marsalla with the crabs," rejoined tbe epicure, " and honest 
Chianti, that most mellow of Italian wines, with tbe rest of tbe 
feast. But heavens! " he added, " here are some alligator pears, 
and now I sball have a salad fit for Lncnllus himself! " And he 
wandered off with a glow of anticipation on his handsome face. 

James W. Sperry, Mayor of Sausalito, has a monkey called 
Jane, which is at the same time tbe terror and admiration of tbe 
City of Mud. Jane has the omnivorous peculiarities of a Billy 
goat, but her particular tendency is toward playing cards. When 
a pack of cards comes her way she will chew up all the knaves, 
then destroy tbe court cards, but not tear the others. A five 
minutes' performance in a garden means the ruin of a hundred 
plants. When Mr. Sperry's monkey escapes alt the timid people 
lock their doors, for if she once gains entrance to a house there 
is an end of china and glassware. Commodore Harrison Is pre- 
paring a petition to be presented to the City Council, to have Mr. 
Sperry's monkey indited for malicious mischief , mayhem, attempt 
to commit murder, assault with a deadly weapon, and vulgar lan- 
guage, and to have her banished, hanged, drawn, quartered, and 
burned at tbe stake, as an animal of dangerous and demoniac 

* * » 

Tbe late J. J. Owen was at one period of his life an enthusi- 
astic spiritualist. In the course of his investigations he met a 
Mr. Keed, the canvasser for a dramatic paper. Reed obtained 
tbe most absolute influence over Mr. Owen, and was afterwards 
employed by him. His ingenuity went to the extent of bring- 
ing communications from tbe spirit world to Owen demanding a 
raise of salary. Fearing to deny those demands, Mr. Owen 
raised, but finally lost faith in Keed, and afterwards in spiritual- 
ism altogether. 

* # # 

The fact that Bierstadt, the artist, has been sued for debt, re- 
calls an incident which occurred in this city when he was living 
here. He was at that time entertained by the "cult." of the 
place, and his face was familiar in all tbe swell drawing-rooms. 
He bought one day from a dealer in curios a piece of china and 
asked him to send it to his hotel and there collect tbe money. 
This tbe dealer did, but as Bierstadt was not in the curio was left, 
but no money was brought back to the dealer. Bloomer, now in 

January 10, 1895. 

san l i;\v BOO NEWS LETTER 

Paris, bat who then bad a studio in Ban Francisco, dropped Into 
the dealer's store tbe ;ims afternoon. 

'•How about dot Bierstadt, 1 inquired tbe bric-a-brac merchant : 
"ie be (toot for ten dollars? He says ha is a painter, and you 
ought to know." 

••Good?" exclaimed Bloomer, "why, Bieretadt is the biggest 
beat in tbe country, and all tbe painting he has ever done in his 
life was putting advertisements on fences." 

Leaving this poisoned arrow In the breast or the dealer, the 
humorist departed. That very evening, while Bierstadt was at 
a reception at the house of tbe late Mrs. Johnson, he was in- 
formed that a man wanted to see him In tbe passsge. It was tbe 
curio dealer, who there and then demanded his money in lan- 
guage so loud that some of tbe guests were attracted to tbe scene. 
Bierstadt endeavored to quiet him. but tbe man insisted upon 
having bis money on the spot, and the mortification of the artist 
was increased when he discovered that be did not have that 
amount in his pocket and so was obliged to borrow it from a 

This confirmed tbe dealer's suspicion that he was on tbe point 
of being defrauded, and he told the story to Bloomer in its en- 
tirety. Bloomer told it at tbe Bohemian Club, not withholding 
bis own part in it. Bierstadt never ceased to be indignant at 
the joke, and never forgave Bloomer for having placed him in 
such a ridiculous position. 

« * • 

There is no doubt that this State has arrived at a period of its 
history when some occupation must be found for tbe wealthy 
men and women of the leisure class. The ladies have just passed 
through a period of newspaper editing, and now demand some 
new excitement. Roller skatiog. bicycle riding, the discussion 
of social problems, the exploration of the slum quarters, have all 
become things of the blase past. Even skirt dancing, which 
promised some excitement, has been cast aside. 

A philosophic gentleman, who has made a study of social prob- 
lems, remembering the story of Harry and Dick, has a plan to 
propose. The rythmical narrative of those two young people 
reads : 

When Harry and Dick had been striving to please, 

Their father, to whom it was known, 
Made two little gardens, and stocked them with trees, 
And gave one to each for his own. 
The story goes on to say that Harry was np early in the morn- 
ing, cultivating hh asignment, 

" While snoring lay indolent Dick." 
Taking this for tbe theme of his scheme, the philosopher sug- 
gests that tbe restless society women be permitted by the Gov- 
ernment to fence in, plow, and cultivate each a quarter of an 
acre on Goat Island, Angel Island, and the other Government re- 
serves of the harbor. Of course nothing but the production of 
flowers could be considered as work aesthetic enough for their 
delicate hands. The floral harvest of those gardens is to be auc- 
tioned off at certain periods for the benefit of the charitable insti- 
tutions of the city. This plan has certainly many admirable fea- 
tures. It would not only conduce to a healthy taBte for open-air 
life, but would beautify tbe surroundings of the harbor. Onr 
society people — that is, the female part of it — must have some- 
thing to do in tbe intervals of teas, kettledrums, and cotillions; 
otherwise the edge of the sword of scandal will grow so keen 
that male humanity will rise in open rebellion. 

THE collections of the writings of California authors gathered 
by the San Francisco Women's Literary Exhibit Committee for 
the Chicago Exposition has been presented to the Library of the 
University at Berkeley, and is to be preserved and added to. J. 
C. Rowell, Librarian of the University, requests that books and 
pamphlets issued by California writers be sent to bim. 

THE steamship Australia, advertised to sail this morning at 10 
a. m., will not sail until Monday morning, the 21st inst., 
at 10 a. m. This is on account of certain repairs. 

Twice Crowned as a "Victor— Dr. Price's Baking Powder "Wins 
at World's and Midwinter Fairs.— Another signal triumph has 
been achieved by Dr. Price's Cream Baking Powder. At the Califor- 
nia Midwinter Fair of 1894, as at the World's Columbian Exposition 
of 1893, it surpassed all competitors. An expert jury, after careful 
analysis and exhaustive comparison, awarded it nighest honors and 
a special gold medal. The award was for highest leavening power, 
perfect purity, and general excellence. It was sustained by the 
unanimous vote of the judges. Coupled with the victory at Chicago, 
the achievement at San Francisco confirms Dr. Price's as " The 
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It is delightful for ladies who are shopping, or who want a delicious 
and wholesome change from home cooking, to have such an estab- 
lishment as the Original Swain's Bakery, 213 Sutter street, to drop 
into for a luncheon prepared by the most expert cooks. The service 
at the famous family restaurant is perfect — no waiters could be more 
attentive, no restaurant cleaner. 




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January 19, 1895. 

RUMOR in fashionable circles has of late been busy coupling 
ibe names of several beaux and belles, and as among chair 
one always finds a few grains, so in tbis instance some of the 
whispers may be based upon fact. Pretty, dark-eyed Miss Cora 
Smedburg is assigned to one of the several sons of a leading insur- 
ance manager, and the equally pretty and charming Miss Butler, 
of the Richelieu, is credited with a choice of a dark-eyed young 
man. Lovely Miss Gibbons is reputed the choice of one of the 
Presidio beaux, while dainty Miss May Belle Gwin is declared to 
be the coming mate of the scion of a distinguished house. In the 
older ranks Miss Emily Kager, gossip says, will make Mr. 
McMurtry happy; he has wavered round so many girls that it is 
devoutly to be hoped this may prove true. Mr. Phelan, they 
say, has discovered a maiden fair, a modest little violet type of a 
girl, whom he would embellish with ail that wealth can do (pos- 
sibly that may have something to do wilb the Eastern hegira). 
Allan St. John Bowie's affections are said to be hovering between 
Miss Jolitfe and Miss Lawlor, while prudential motives incline 
him to a wealthy neighbor. Society gossip is in despair over 
Dr. Harry Tevis. Like a butterfly he sips the sweets from every 
flower in turn and settles on none. However, as it is an accepted 
fact that it is always the unexpected which happens, there is no 
knowing what the Eastertide may bring to some lucky girl. 
# * * 
The school-girls' cotillion was quite too much for Ed., say the 
buds in embryo. "He is so fat and puffy," a pretty mis9 re- 
marked in a car the other day, "that he just snorted when we 
danced too long, and said it wasn't good form to take more than 
one turn ; but we girls got onto the reason p. d. q." 

It is not often that the Monarch is guilty of a trueism, and 
when found, "stick a pin," as Captain Cuttle says. A pen will 
answer in this instance to emphasize the difference which exists 
between Princes and Princes. We have often remarked that if 
our wealthy women who desire to purchase titles by marriage 
would confine their efforts to the nobility of countries where a 
title means position and estates (even though frequently the lat- 
ter are heavily mortgaged), they would be sure of getting a simon 
pure article. Bat when a continental princeling from Italy, or 
France, Poland, or Germany is the article bought, no wonder the 
result is so often — nay, almost invariably — the divorce court and 
domestic misery, for the scions of the continental families do not 
think that their wives are entitled to love or respect, but merely 
a means of getting money, and if the amount fall short of their 
anticipation, neglect or ill-treatment is sure to follow. The great 
difference between these men and the British nobility lies, how- 
ever, in the fact that a British peer is the head of his house, and 
not one of many counts, or barons, or even princes, impecunious 
hangers-on to the family name. 

« * it- 
Nowadays it would seem that the craze of the hour is novelty. 
Give us something original, is the cry, in music, art, politics, and 
social life. Of the latter our swim has been busy of late devising 
new means of amusing themselves and their friends. Sometimes 
a new idea proves wonderfully fetching, but not always so. Evi- 
dently one or two of the men present at a recent festivity thought 
the entertainment provided by the host and hostess a trifle risky, 
for when the fortune-teller started in to elaborate a dark corner 
in their lives it was by no means agreeable, as all the guests 
could see. Fancy having one's wife or sweetheart listen to a 
seer informing you that the " pretty blonde" will prove unfaith- 
ful, or that the present you sent on Christmas was not appre- 
ciated, and that your wife will be told of it, etc. 
* • * 

Miss Alice Hobart's recently announced engagement to tbe 
nephew of Senator Jones has been the cause of many crestfallen 
faces among the heiress hunters and hangers-on. It is a love 
match pure and simple and of many years' standing, beginning 
long before tbe young people were out of their teens or were 
known to the world of fashion. Heiresses are so eagerly sought 
for and in such a decidedly business-like manner in these degen- 
erate days that it is more than refreshing to know a rich girl is 
loved for herself and not for her bank account. Miss Hobart is 
Indeed fortunate in winning tbe affections of such a thoroughly 
manly fellow. The young people have the hearty congratula- 
tions of all their friends. 

Perhaps seeing tbe happiness which tbe engagement has 
brought her sister, Miss Ella Hobart may now be induced to re- 
new her engagement with Harry Stetson, which was broken 
some months ago. Harry has since been hanging on the ragged 
edge of doubt, vigorously shooting Cupid arrows in the direction 
of the mansion on the avenue, and it is within probability that 
one of tbem may hit the mark soon. Nous verron&l 

As there is no cloud but what the lining is bright, so in tbe 
Hobart case tbe loss of one millionairess is compensated by 
the gain of onr own "Birdie," than whom surely no richer girl 
exists on onr coast in addition to her manifold charms of youth, 
and beauty, and amiability of disposition, and this fascinating 
young girl is for the future to be one of the swim for good and 
all again. So let the beaux rejoice. There are as good fish in the 
sea, etc. 

* * * 

A Kitchen Garden has made its dobut in Sausalito under the 
cbaperonage of the Reverend Charles Miel and the ladies of the 
Guild. Tbe members of this organization consist of a number of 
pretty girls who gather into the fold all stray waifs found wander- 
ing about the green and sloping bills of that picturesque suburb, 
run them into the Guild-room, and teach tbem to sew, make 
beds from a small model, and cook. No doubt it is a worthy 
charity and sbould meet with all tbe encouragement it deserves. 
Would it not be well for those pretty damsels who shine rather 
as leaders of cotillions to learn first how to mend their own gloves 
and keep the braids tidy on their own skirts? A good example 
is an excellent educator to young and impressionable minds. 

# 4 « 

If people will entertain when they are In a chronic state of 
" bust," to put it mildly, they must expect comments to be made. 
How humiliating it would have been for some would-be leaders 
of fashion if the dress-makers, milliners, and boot-makers would 
have all combined, and on tbe day of tbe "tea," congregated 
before the house and loudly proclaimed their situation to the com- 
ing guests! There would have been something decidedly droll in 
such a performance. These poor trades-people are put off, with 
first one excuse and then another, while all inside went merry 
as a marriage bell. How little did the twenty-eight charming 
assistants, who served tiny sandwiches, weak tea, and weaker 
punch, and whose ears listened to tbe unbalanced tones of tbe 
macaroni band, know that their hostess and lately debutanted 
daughter had but recently been asked, kindly, but firmly, to 
vacate their apartments at the big hotel and take up their quarters 
elsewherel We can be deaf and blind to many things, yet can- 
not always suppress a sarcastic smile when we see such audacity 
perpetrated in cold blood. 

* * * 

That Sybil Sanderson has scored a success, dramatically and 
vocally, is no longer a matter of conjecture but an assured fact, 
over which her many friends out in the broad West rejoice. To 
those who have always known the fascinating Sybil it is amusing 
to notice how incorrectly the papers seem to get things. Now, it 
is unfair, quite so, to add years to her age; the numbers will in- 
crease only too rapidly. Why pile them on now at the beginning 
of her career ? While San Francisco wonld be only too happy to 
call Sybil one of her own, this is not to be, for to Sacramento be- 
longs that honor. She was born in a pretty white cottage in tbe 
Capital city thirty years ago, but grew up and was educated in 
wmdy San Francisco on tbe bay UDtil her departure some years 
ago for Europe, Governor and Mrs. Stanford standing sponsors at 
htr baptism. 

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January 19, 1895. 



THE antics and capers that are cut op by the students in the 
Beaux Arts would fill a few volumes, could they all be told. 
The ateliers are crowded with fellows from all parts of France and 
Europe, and they are, as a whole, a clever and brilliant lot. for each 
one of them has been picked out as the most promising and the 
cleverest of his town, and sent to Paris to develop under the best 

Well, these fellows, being very clever artistically, are clever in 
many other ways; for instance, as mimics, poets, singers, and the 
like, and allow no chance to slip by in which to display their spec- 
ialties. So there is always something going on during the hours of 
painting and wasting charcoal and paper in vain endeavor to copy 
the model, making it lively or interesting. 

The ringleader of the Gerome atelier is a little fellow named Jon- 
cierge. His father is the leader of the orchestra at the Grand Opera, 
and naturally Joncierge is a great theatrical mimic. He is by far 
the loudest-mouthed fellow known in any of the Paris ateliers, and 
howls, and lightning. 

This is generally a grand success, and is followed by Mine. Sarah 
Bernhardt. Here a young fellow named Siffert gets in bis deadly 
work. You have M me. Sarah just as you hear her at the Renaissance, 
only she says things more to the taste of the atelier, and sighs, goes 
into fits, coaxes her lover, and lavishes all those wiles that Sarah acts 
so famously. He really does take her off to perfection. 

Then there is the band. This is simply great. The band consists 
of about twenty different instruments, from the flute to the bass 
drum. Each fellow imitates an instrument, and they all do it splen- 
didly. *You would swear it was a big brass band, playing picnic 
music at thi_ ferry depot Sunday morning. Nothing is used but their 
mouths and noses to produce the sounds, and they have it down 
" pat." 

Marching is often introduced by the scraping of feet to the time of 
the music, sounding exactly like a regular parade. 
is the first in any prank or mischief. So he holds rightly his position 
as ringleader. 

During a quiet spell, when all are seriously at work, he will sud- 
denly burst out with some dramatic dialogue between three or four 
persons, imitating each in a different tone of voice, so that one would 
positively swear there was more than one person talking. And so 
realistically does he take the parts that you imagine you were at the 
Comedie Francais. Then comes the "grand opera," which always 
follows— real "High Grand Opera." About eight take part in this, 
each knowing when his turn is needed. Gad! but this is warm. 
Sounds just like the opera. The heavy villain, the hero, the heroine 
and her pursuers, etc. , are all there. Large quantities of thunder and 
bass drum come in, too, in which the sheet iron around the stove and 
a stool play an important part. Finally the villain is killed, and the 
hero and his " laydie faire" escape, and the sun comes out once 
more. You can tell just what's happening by the 1 music. Especially 
in the fighting parts the glass roof is nearly raised by the yells, and 

Then there are the bugle corps, and drum corps, and soldiers drill- 
ing. The orders are given out in a loud, commanding voice; you 
hear the guns drop on '■ Parade rest!" made by banging the stools 
on the floor at the command, and so they go all through the differ- 
erent movements of drilling, just by sounds. 

One of the boys, named BodlerS, from one of the southern prov- 
inces, is away up in singing, and he pours forth the quaint songs of 
his native heath and all the other fellows come in on the chorus, 
making some beautiful chords and melodies. 

Another fellow, from Brittany, is thepoet of the atelier. He knows 
all the current poetry of Paris, most of it in "argot," and he impro- 
vises a good deal when he is feeling good, and keeps the whole room 
in an uproar with the suggestiveness and wit of his effusions. Of 
course, in most instances things are not even suggested, for the 
atelier wants everything as plain and clear as the nude model before 

There are several fine musicians among the boys, too, and on some 
days they bring down their instruments and we have a rare old con- 
cert. There is one Greek in the Bonnat atelier who handles the man- 
dolin like a dream, and the fellows all go in and bring him into our 

I ' BRT ( 

f$y Csdoudwrol Gucuel 

atelier. When he plays he like^ t<> be alone; so he gets behind the 
big wooden partition, and the delicious strains of that mandolin 
float over it, having a far nway sound, while the whole atelier, still 
as a mouse, is thrilled with delight. A charming Greek song is also 
given, with the mandolin accompaniment, and at its finish the room 
is shaken with thunders of applause and the player carried about the 
room, while showers of sous fall into the mandolin to pay for his 
dinner. So great is the liking for this fellow that the other day all 
turned out and formed a procession with him upon the shoulders of 
another in the iead. He hud his instrument and played, while the 
whole crowd sang one of the atelier chants, going up the Rue Bouna- 
parte to the Boul. St. Germain. 

An awfully clever imitation of an English tourist speaking French 
is given by one of the fellows, who used to hear them while he was 
copying at the Louvre. The Americans nearly roll off their stools 
when he commences, for he has got exactly the accent of a Piccadilly 
" Jonny " "parleying Francais." He puts him in the Moulin Rouge 
and has him talking with the giddy girls and trying to make his 
wants known. He is simply great. 

Several others imitate individuals about the school very cleverly, 
and one has got G6rome down to a " T," giving his criticisms on a 

Pigs getting killed, cats fighting, chickens, roosters, asses braying, 
monkeys and birds make themselves frequent, and the street ped- 
dlers' crie3 are imitated wonderfully. 

Occasionally some one or two make themselves obnoxious by con- 
tinually chanting some song for hours at a time, over and over again, 
until one's ears ring with the drone and all entreaties are in vain. 
So the whole atelier rise, seize the tormentors, and carry them so 
that their other ends bumb all the way down two long flights of 
stairs, hitting each step separately. It was ineffectual a few times 
simply to throw them down the stairs, because they came back and 
again kept up the terrible chant with defiance to all. 

But the fellows are all a good natured lot, and strive to make their 
student days happy ones, and have as much fun as their studies will 
permit. In fact, while having all this fun they are continually at 
work, and only the entrance of a nouveau could persuade any one of 
them to leave his work. Woe to the nouvean l though I 

Paris, January 2, 1895. Edouard Cucuel. 

A bonanza for agents. Something new. Burglar alarm door hell. 
Secure county rights in California. Send stamp for circular. T. J. 
Stephens, 406 Montgomery street, San Francisco. 


Immortality of the Big Trees, 

The Alphabet and Language. 

Wealth and Poverty of Chicago Fair. 

This book has been favorably noticed by all of 
the papers here. It is a book for students ; it 
is a book of facts in connection with the very 
highest literary studies. 

U/m. Doxey, publisher, 

631 Market St., Under Palace Hotel. 


Keep him warm. It will cost you very lit- 
tle and will enable him to withstand the ills 
which come with inclement weather. 
Horse Blankets, warm ones, SI; Oiled Horse 
Covers, waterproof, $2; Lap Robes, warm 
ones, $160; Buegy Whips, 10c; Genuine 
French Horse Clippers, SI 25; Single Buggy 
Harness, our own make, $5. Everything in 

our line very cheap. W. DAVIS * SON, 

'^^$£*£^ 410 Market street, below sansome. 


January 10 



"Hor the Crier V •• Wh»t tbe derll art thouT' 
"One lhal will pUt Ibe derll.ilr. wllh Ton." 

TBE female shepherd blows Ibe horn. 
At once rush to ber elde 
Those who are oot to beauty born. 
To be most beautified. 

Tbe peacock is tbe gaudiest bird 

Tbat e'er egg gave birtb, 
The Moo sbakes bis tawny inane, 

lMyiog all on earth. 

Bat man alone is plum ageless. 

While woman is most gay; 
Id nature only do we find 

The rule tbe other way. 

THERE is no good reason why a man who is possessed of a 
suicidal mania should not be allowed to succeed. Henry 
Borueman. who has been trying to aid the temperance cause by 
consuming all the liquor in sight for some time past, is certainly 
entitled to all the rights and privileges of a suicide, and has the 
consent of all his acquaintances to go plumb to hades if he wants 
to. He has tried the business three times with an earnestness 
tbat is worthy of respect. He first made the effort on tbe cock- 
tail route, and second, on tbe salt-water plan in tbe bay. On 
both occasions the untimely interference of friends disappointed 
him. He has again made the effort, this time by the aid of gas, 
and was thwarted by a landlord who was afraid be would lose a 
few dollars if be succeeded. 80 far as Borneman is concerned he 
does not amount to much, but he has infused Into tbe subject 
some little interest. 

MR. LAWRENCE GRONLUND, in a lecture delivered in this 
city, declares in substance that "collectivism" and "solidar- 
ity," as distinguished from the teaching of Herbert Spencer that 
we are essentially selfish and each-other-eating carnivora, can be 
cultivated to the extent of a perfect harmonizing of selfish with 
community interests. The learned lecturer might have reflected 
with profit that the only perfect socialistic colonies in animated 
creation — as, for instance, bees and ants — are those in which the 
promoters of " collectivism" aud "solidarity" have been spared 
the curse of sex. Whether or not he may take this as a sugges- 
tion of the heights to which surgery may aspire in the production 
of a harmonious human colony is a matter that we shall permit to 
rest between his conscience and his pocketbook. 

WHEN Bledsoe, of Humboldt, declared that he knew there 
was liquor sold in the basement of the Capitol he created 
quite a breeze. One of tbe members has declared that such an 
assertion on the floor of tbe Assembly was a blot on the fair name 
of the State and an aspersion on the Assembly and tbe custodian 
of the Capitol. Bledsoe demanded an investigation, and he is 
likely to get it, but it will be Bledsoe instead of the "well" tbat 
will be investigated. It is certainly a blot, and while Bledsoe 
undoubtedly told the truth, that does not sound very well in 
that body. Liquor has been sold there every session for the past 
twenty years. Tbe disgrace is in having it told and agitating the 
question of its abolition. 

SO long as there are wealthy widows in the land no single man 
has good reason to complain of hard times. The other day a 
Riverside widow of means, who had taken in a tramp one 
6tormy night, and who quickly fell in love with him and there- 
after kept him on the premises to serve as the victim of her 
affections, was roused from her dream of love by the discovery 
that he had levanted with the balk of her portable wealth. We 
have thus learned, brothers and sisters, not only that tramps are 
not tbe evil that they are painted, but that Providence has dis- 
closed a special and peculiar wisdom in creating rich widows to 
convince us of the fact. 

IT was not so much of a mistake after all when a Sergeant of 
Police was taken for a burglar a few nights ago. It is hard to 
determine just where the policeman ends and the burglar begins. 
The manner in which policemen rob a certain class would suggest 
that the burglar has the best of it in an estimate of respectability. 
There is some show to stand off a burglar in quest of booty, but 
tbe policeman exercises his authority in a way which gives no 
opportunity for discussion. Just where they get their "authority" 
is a question which is disturbing the quietude of the citizens at 
the present time. 

WHEN anyone, in Mr. Sutro's presence, wonders why it is 
that thunder, hitherto almost unknown hereabout, has 
rolled so prodigiously a number of times this winter, he smiles 
knowingly and throws a sly wink at God. 

THE ghost of the Lost Cause stalks sturdily abroad, revenge- 
fully passing Confederate bills on loyal shop-keepers. 

THK tribulations of a man with a •■ pull" have been frequently 
exemplified In the brief history of General John K. Sbeehsn, 
once tbe proprietor of tbe /',>»(. late Register of the Land Office st 
San Francisco, and now receiver of the defunct People's Home 
Savings Bank. About all he possesses In tbe way of ability Is a 
"pull," and be seems to have one In some unique corner of the 
universe tbat "gets there" with both feet and hands down. His 
pomposity is unblushing, but a writ of mandate from the Supe- 
rior Court brought him up standing when be refused to permit an 
inspection of the books of tbe bank, and the sequel shows tbat 
he had cause to refuse. The depositors have expressed them- 
selves by resolution, calling upon the Law and Order League to 
do a little work among tbe high rascals who occupy positions 
where they can rob widows and orphans with impunity and re- 
sist the rightful authorities when tbey demand an investigation. 
Mr. Sneehan demurs, and calls men "quimps." That is sufficient. 
The slang of the sport is fully up to his other qualifications. The 
troubles connected with this bank have developed several char- 
acters that would require a certificate to pass them into a well- 
organized house of correction, to put It mild. 

THERE is a perceptible increase in the number of robberies, 
thefts, and desperate deeds committed in San Francisco since 
Sacramento banished her criminal elements. There have not 
been so many toughs seen on our streets since the close of the 
Midwinter Fair as may be seen at tbe present time. There are 
more Three-fingered Jacks, Squint-eyed Bobs, Ten-pin Sams, and 
Poker Johns shinning about than are healthful, but tbe most 
dangerous of all is tbe young student of the jimmy who has just 
graduated, and who has never had an official introduction to the 
guardians of the peace. They all came here before Mose Gunst 
was appointed Police Commissioner, too. 

SCHOOL Director Henderson has created a sensation in the 
School Board by stating tbat be saw a lady teacher in a saloon 
soliciting votes during the campaign, and he bas introduced a 
resolution prohibiting teachers from canvassing for votes. This 
resolution referred to males as welt as females, and it has created 
quite a breeze among tbe teachers. Mr. Henderson refuses to 
divulge the name of the teacher, and the teachers insist tbat until 
he does so the charge is, and will remain, a slander. It is clearly 
Mr. Henderson's duty to name the teacher and relieve others of 
the odium that will attach to all until he does. 

IT is a remarkable fact, as disclosed by the recount of the Sheriff's 
vote, tbat McNab has gained wherever an inaccuracy was dis- 
covered. This means indubitably tbat among all the roughs and 
rogues who constituted the Boards of Election throughout the 
city he had not a single friend to falsify the returns in his be- 
half. The attempts to count him out were probably made as 
much through fear of him as one of the officers who would be 
charged with the drawing of juries as from a wish to elect his op- 
ponent under some corrupt understanding. No man could receive 
a higher recommendation than the attempts of the last Election 
Boards to prevent his election. 

AT first gratified beyond expression at the " popular indigna- 
tion " which greeted M. A. Gunst's appointment as Police 
Commissioner, Messrs. Tobin and Alvord, the other Commis- 
sioners, are dismayed now to hear tbat Governor Budd proposes 
to declare their positions vacant. Miseracordia! They must now, 
willy nilly, rub jowls with him, one on either side, and present a 
united snout to the enemy, tbe aristocratic pulex irritans of each 
exchanging " social functions " with Gunst's plebeian flea! Ugh I 
what shifting, shivering winds these be, that strike us hard 
abeam and lash tbe seal 

BARNETT ROSENTHAL had a wife a few days ago, who still 
clingB to him with a vengeance. In her suit for divorce he 
swore that they were never married, and that she was only his 
mistress. She produced tbe evidence of marriage, got the divorce, 
and then instituted an action against him for perjury. She 
seems to have a clear case and a dead sure thing on sending him 
to prison. Bhe has the case before the Grand Jury, and proposes 
to "stay with it" until she punishes him for the attempted 

THE new Police Commissioner is always called Mose GnnBt — 
At least by those who have a way of saying "twicet" and 
And while "Gunst" has no English rhyme, we must let Moses 

Gunst own 
A chance to drop a hint by asking, "What can rhyme with 
1 moonstone' ? " 

IT is said that the Fair children have finally agreed to "break" 
the will of their dead father, and that Charles has been 
selected to make the contest. The will provides that the legatee 
who contests it shall be disinherited. It would be exceedingly 
comical if Charles should be induced to bring the contest and then 
have his action indignantly repudiated by his sisters. The love 
of money has rooted worse evils than that. 

THE Examiner naively says that although Sybil Sanderson's 
voice, being thin and light, is a disappointment, she is no slouch 
as an actress. The cruelest thing in the world to say of a girl is 
that she is very homely, but 50 good. 



January 19, 1895. 

THE recent defeat and resignation of the Dupuy Ministry, in 
France, cannot have surprised anyone who keeps within 
measurable distance of being in touch with the trend of events in 
Europe. It was an event which was liable to occur at any mo- 
ment that the Chamber was in session and without much regard 
for the appropriateness either of time or subject. As things have 
turned out, the defeat has resulted over a comparative triviality 
and by a narrow majority. In that respect it is a mere pretext 
for resignation, but behind the pretext there stands a substantial 
cause. The Dupuy Ministry has been a makeshift from the first. 
It has held office upon su (Trance and without having in a full 
and hearty manner the confidence of the body to which it was 
subject and of which it was a creature. It has held office upon 
suffrance simply because it was found impossible to form any 
Ministry that would in a greater degree command the confidence 
of the factions and groups into which the present Chamber is 
divided. That is the weakness of the political system of France 
at tbe present time. Primarily there are two distinct and funda- 
mental types of political sentiment in France. Tbere are those 
who believe in and support republican institutions of govern- 
ment and those who look back regretfully toward the old 
dynastic forms of government. The latter are in such a hopeless 
minority now that they have only the shadow of organized polit- 
ical existence. The Republicans, however, are divided into two 
great parties— the Conservatives, or Moderates, and the Radicals 
— and these again are subdivided into a numerous array of groups 
or factions which cannot be induced to coalesce and act together 
even on great questions. It was hoped, when the present Cham- 
ber was elected, that this difficulty would be overcome, because 
on the face of the returns there seemed to be a very pronounced 
if not overwhelming majority of Moderates elected by the con- 
stituencies. But the hope proved to be delusive, for ttie Moder- 
ates promptly divided into enthusiastic if not bitter factions in 
which personal ambitions and animosities, as well as minor 
political sentiments that may almost be described as fads, exer- 
cised a controlling influence. And so there has been the same 
endless changing of Ministries without any really fundamental 
change in policy. All this, of course, tends to create incessant 
political turmoil and confusion at home as well as to weaken the 
standing of tbe nation abroad. 

While the defeat and resignation of the Dupuy Ministry was, 
therefore, an expected event which took no reasonably well in- 
formed person by surprise, the resignation of President Casimir- 
Perrier was in the nature of a thunderclap coming from an un- 
clouded sky. It has been known, to be sure, tbat since his elec- 
tion tbe political opponents of the President have been endeav- 
oring to make his position as unpleasant and untenable as possi- 
ble, and tbat tbey have succeeded in making his environments 
exceedingly uncomfortable. The political and social conditions 
of France are of such a character that the presidency can he made 
to resemble a hot griddle from which thare is no escape except 
the yawning fire; but it was supposed that Monsieur Casimir- 
Perrier, who is a man of ambition as well as of great determina- 
tion of character, would refuse to be driven from his high posi- 
tion by the annoyances to which he was subjected — and, indeed, 
it may be said that, at tbe time of writing, it is not at all clear 
that he has resigned with a view to abandoning his position; 
there are under-currenls which indicate that he is simply seeking 
the endorsement of a re-elec;ion as an answer to the vituperative 
criticisms to which he has been subjected, by the Socialists and 
Radical element generally, and as a preliminary to a dissolution 
of tbe Chamber and an appeal to tbe constituencies. At any rate 
there is nothing in the crisis, as it is termed, to alarm the friends 
of the republic as to its present stability. It will live, as it has 
continued to live for years past, because of the weakness of its 
domestic enemies; but one of these days there will arise out of 
tbe turmoil and confusion of a civic emeute, or a foreign war, 
another "man on horseback." Then the republic will disappear. 
That, unless there is a fundamental chaoee in the spirit that ani- 
mates tbe French political system, is as sure as the coming of 
death and tbe tax collector. 

The ministerial crisis in Hnngary is not yet settled, and, in- 
deed, there seems to be no present prospect of settling it, on a 
permanent basis at any rate. It may be said tbat the Wekerle 
Ministry did not resign because it had come into conflict with or 
lost the confidence of the legislative body. On tbe contrary, it 
had just achieved a signal legislative victory and demonstrated 
that it was thoroughly in touch with tbe representative sentiment 
of the country. It resigned because its views seem to have come 
into conflict with the imperial wishes. Religion as well as poli- 
tics appears to be mixed up in tbe matter. It is reported tbat the 
Pope has admonished the Emperor Francis Joseph — who is an 
earnest churchman — for having signed some recent leeislation 
which the Ultramontanes opposed, and it is also said that the 

Austrian court party has been urging the Emperor to do some- 
thing to diminish tbe influence which the Hungarian Liberal 
party is obtaining in tbe affairs of the dual monarchy, as it is 
termed. It may be, therefore, tbat the Emperor has sought the 
resignation of tbe Wekerle Ministry in order to show these peo- 
ple that he is helpless in the premises, and tbat it is impossible 
to conduct the public business of the country without tbe as- 
sistance of Dr. Wekerle and those who follow his political leader- 
ship. If the Hungarians get it into their beads that the Emperor 
is seeking to invade the spirit of the settlement of 1867, there 
will be trouble which wilt menace the peace and good order of 
central Europe. For the present the matter does not go beyond 
the bounds of a protracted Cabinet crisis, but it may develop with 
wonderful rapidity. 

One of the mott remarkable of the extraordinary "Stories" 
which have come from the pens of the correspondents of the 
daily papers is to the effect that Liberal politicians at Rome sus- 
pect the Crispi Ministry of seeking to provoke France to attack 
Italy in order to distract the attention of his countrymen with a 
foreign war; and tbat the temporary withdrawal of the Italian 
Ambassador from Paris is an evidence of this purpose. The 
rumored withdrawal of the German Ambassador fiom tbe same 
city is quoted as demonstrating tbat Germany is in the conspir- 
acy. Tbe men who write and publish this kind of nonsense 
must think their readers are fools. The race riots which sprang 
out of the assassination of President Carnot gave these countries 
all the pretext for war that they wanted a few months ago, but 
both governments sought assiduously for tbe road to peace. Just 
at present, as a matter of fact, the financial affairs of Italy are in 
such a condition that it is rumored in diplomatic circles in 
Europe that she will be obliged to leave the triple alliance. It is 
said tbat tbe same step was contemplated six months ago, but 
was postponed at the urgent solicitation of Kaiser William. 

By removing causes of irritation, and by preserving a healthy 
state of the svatem during infancy, 8 teed man s Soothing Powders 
made their reputation. 


The Largest Manufacturers of 


, On this Continent, have received 


from the great 

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Unlike the Dutch Vroceufl, no Alka- 

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Their delicious BREAKFAST COCOA is absolutely 

pure aud soluble, and cotta less than one cent a cup. 



City Index and Purchaser's Guide. 

FRANK KENNEDY, law office, 66 Murphy Bldg., 1236 Market St. 

CANDIES put up for shipment at ROBERTS', Polk and Bunh streets. 

R CETLAR, 416 Geary street. 

KELLY'S CORN CURE, 25c. Drugs at wholesale, 102 Eddy street. 
EVANS' POISON OAK SPECIFIC. Positive cure. Sold by all drug- 

THE WONDER Hat. Flower and Feather Store. 1024-1028 Marketstreet. 

FRANCO-AMERICAN Reataar ant-521 Montgomery 8t. F. Hltte. 
REPAIRING DONE while yon wait at POLLOCK'S, 202 Powell street. 

JOHN A. BENSON, Engineer. Dealer in Land Scrip. 430 Kearny St. 

For aulomizailoii purposes. 

THE CLEVELAND FAUCET CO., 208 Ellis street 

January 19. 1895. 




A Bohemian Legend. 

SCENE — Parndii* and CWUwia. Characters— Dtrils, Bohemians, 
and (ht Damned. 
Scene let— Fnraditf. 

Damel O Connei.l f/teblf)—" Where are you going. Warren ?" 

Warren Payne Oh, just for a sail on the Golden River. Iget 

so tired of this eternal harp music. I had my lesson this morn- 
ing, and my golden wings got very damp sitting on those wet 

O'Cosnell — "I've been out with Father Abraham again; he 
made me pose for Dives to look at once more.' 1 

Payne — » Dear tue! I had to do that yesterday. Lazarus is 
taking a pretty long vacation, isn't he? " 

O'Connell — m He talks of resigning altogether." 

Payne—" Merciful Providence 1 Who told you?" 

O'Connell — •< George Nagle; he was out with Bobbie Grayson 
and Lan Mizoer, and they saw Ned Hamilton. Ned had just been 
taking a nectar with one of the archangels, and he said it was a 

Payne — "I'll toss yon to see who is his successor." 

O'Connell [gravely) — "No. Warren; thai would not be the 
correct thing. Remember where we are ! We have cast all such 
earthly sins away. Come, let us take a nectar from yonder dia- 
mond fountain." 

Payne — "Nectar! Man, man, I'm disgusted with the stuff! 
Just think how a small bot " 

O'Connell (severely) — Hash, Warren! Think not on carnal 
beverages 1 " 

Payne — " With Ned Palmer to cook a dock! " 

O'Connell — » Warren! I shall have to go back to Father 
Abraham, if you do not ceasel Ab, here comes Roger Magee, 
arm in arm with Coroner Hughes 1 What a pleasure, to be sure I 
This is a round of continual pleasure, is it not, Warren ? Think 
of being safely away from the vicissitudes and woes of life! What 
would you do if you were back on earth, amid its sin and misery ? 
Would yon change places with Nat Brittan, for instance ? " 

Payne (aside) — » You bet I would ! and wouldn't I just spin off 
to Dickey's and the Cliff! " 

O'Connell (as others approach) — " Good eternal day to you, gen- 

Hughes — "The same to you, although I sometimes would like 
to say 'good night,' or see a cloud in the sky that wasn't all 
translucent gill! " 

Grayson — "Or get something to eat besides that eternal am- 

O'Connell (reproving them) — "Gentlemen, gentlemen! This is 
unheard of! You endanger your exalted and angelic situations. 
Take heed lest you be discharged. I have heard woeful things of 
not later than an hour. 'Tis said, even, that Roger Magee went 
about stealing golden ducks and that Milton Eisner and his 
friend Reinstein plucfced out the large diamonds from the Pearly 
Gates, while Father Peter was asleep 1 " 

Reinstein and Eisner (together) — » Oh, Father Dan, we didn't 
mean anything I We only wanted to see if they were real, genuine 
five thousand carats I" 

Magee (stiffly) — " I have nothing to say for myself. I did steal 
two golden ducks under the impression that they were canvass 
backs. My teeth are broken in consequence." 

O'Connell — " This is too much 1 too much ! As a penance you 
three must carry golden palms in the grand procession to-day." 

Magee — >» What day ? " 

O'Connell — » I said to day." 

Magee — " Why, man, it's always day here I I only wish there'd 
be a to-morrow 1 " 

[Enter Harry Veuve ] 

Veuve (blowing through golden trumpet and neatly adjusting his 
golden wings) — "Gentlemen, you are summoned before Father 
Abraham at once. He wishes to show you to some newly arrived 
millionaires below. Get your golden harps and attend at once." 


Scene Second — A golden cloud on which are seated the Bohemian 
chorus, with Father Abraham and Lazarus. Beneath is opened to their 
view a huge pit, from which come flames and brimstone. 

Dives (calling up from the pit) — "Lazarus! Lazarus! Where are 
you at? " 

O t Connell (approaching pinnacle of cloud) — "Lazarus, who is 
that big fat man calling up to you? I mean the one over there 
who is being broiled over a gridiron by two demons." 

Lazaeus — "Oh, that's Dives! He's having his Russian bath. 
He was always a luxurious cuss. Why, I well remember the lit- 
tle tit-bits he used to throw me. He kept a mighty good table in 
those days! " 

Magee—" He did, did he ? Well, they're just going to give him 
some boiling oil to drink. I wonder if he likes that ? " 

Lazarus — " Oh, he's used to that now, and I think he really 
likes it. Seel he's taking it to put on his salad of ashes. That's 
a favorite dish of his." 

Magee—' * What will he take after that ? " 

Lazarus — " Oh, a brazen dragoness, or something like that. 

Yesterday he had a salmi of seagull and the day before a fried 
cuttlefish. He varies diet According to the season, you know." 

O'Oomn i — •• Bat what do*a he wmd it down with ? " 

La/aki s— ■■ Anything he pkase*. He generally prefers a siu- 
terne of melted lead, wild a pint bottle of boiling pitch extra brut 
afterward ." 

Ma.kk (otide)— *'And to think that we have to stand that nectar 
and ambrosia bash eternally!*' 

Payne — -But Laura*, who are those chaps down there that are 
sharpening their pencils and writing on fiery paper?" 

Lazari a — •• Why. those are millionaire editors who have to write 
their own papers every day." 

Payne— "Can they write?" 

Laeabu8 — » N p. Out they neve to try, all the same. By-and- 
bye you will see all the crowd down there going to the theatre." 

Hughes—" What! everybody ? " 

Lazabus— " Yes. You see. the actorB are made up of million- 
aire theatrical managers, who have to play the same piece per- 

Hughes—" But I should think there would not be enough parts 
to go round." 

Lazarus— "Oh, yes! The piece is Uncle Tom's Cabin, and they 
can have as many Evas and Uncle Toms as they please in it. 
They also have a ballet. 

[Just here Father Abraham waves his hand, and the pit is lost to 
sight, while the celestial music begins again.] 

Payne (aside to Magee) — " Roger, let's you and me take a day 
off and see the sights down there. This life has got too few 
checquers in it for me! " 

Magee (tuning his golden harp) — "Go on, man; go on! you 
make me nervous ! Why, if we went down there you'd get into 
a fight with the devil in five minutes! and then he'd shove us 
both back into Purgatory again. Ughl Pass me your nectar 
flask!" (Curtain.) Harry Bigelow. 

Always keep iu the house a bottle of Ayer's Cherry Pectoral, for throat 
and lung troubles. Your druggist has Ayer's Almanac. 



Fire and Marine Insurance Agents, 

3U9 ana 311 Sausome St ...San Francisco, Cal 


FINDLAY, DURHAM & BRODIE 48 and 46 Threadneedle St., London 

SIMPSON, MACKIRDY & CO 29 South Castle St., Liverpool 

FCERST BROS . & CO 2 and 4 Stone St., New York 

/T\i$5 /T)a9SOF)'$ $0.7001, 

1625 San Jose Avenue, between Grand 

and Paru Streets, 
/Mameda, <?al. 

Boarding and Day School for Young Ladies and 
Children. Next term opens August 6th. 

Eureka Garden Hose. 



Goodyear Rubber Co., 

R. H. Pease, Vice-President and Manager. 
577-579 Market St., S. F. 73-75 First St., Portland, Or. 



January 19, 1895. 

SAYS a Paris writer: >' For tbe next few months the energy 
and skill of the courtnriereB will be expended largely in the 
direction of dinner and reception gowns, and robes de bal. White, 
yellow, and cream is a combination that is extremely fetching and 
eminently becoming as well. A dinner gown of dead white satin, 
thick and rich, has fan-shaped clusters of rare ivory, rose points all 
about the hem, each <^e headed by a yellow velvet chrysanthemum. 
The skirt is arranged with seven tube folds at the back, each cut in a 
point at the hem, and slightly trailing. The decollete corsage, cut 
straight across below the shoulders, is an intricate blouse of ivory 
lace, hanging in filmy folds over the belt, which is a tiny band of 
sable. The large white satin sleeves are finished at the elbow by a 
mushroom cuff of yellow velvet. Over each shoulder lies a stole of 
yellow velvet, sable-edged. These end on the bust and at the middle 
of the back, and leave bare the pretty top of the arm, the throat and 
a small square of the neck back and front. On each side of the bust, 
against the sleeve, rests one large yellow chrysanthemum." 

A London writer says: " I saw a very beautiful as well as original 
'Empire' gown the other day at a friend's house. It consisted of 
a moderately decollete overdress of thick dull-textured cowslip yel- 
low satin, cut to follow, not too candidly, the lines of the figure, and 
falling away at tbe back into a slender Watteau pleat, which swept 
into a short train. This overdress opened in front over a petticoat of 
rich white satin embroidered in a faint design of gold thread. The 
straight folds of this petticoat were confined at the waist by a twisted 
girdle of cowslip satin, brought from under the armpits and curving 
gently upward to the bust, where it fastened beneath a big yellow 
rosette. Short puffed sleeves, long white gloves, anda small spangled 
Empire fan rendered this costume as correct as it was convenable 
and simple. With this delightful dress was supplied a long, graceful 
cloak of camel's hair cachemire just exactly the color of the blue fox 
fur that bordered the pointed voke, tbe high rolling collar and the 
flowing lines of the front. This simple garment was made "all 
glorious within " with blue-gray Pompadour brocade scattered with 
bunches of pale-tinted cowslips." 

An elegant gown of white velvet has a V-shaped panel down each 
side of the front, of rose silk embroidered very heavily in white silk, 
the design being scattered heads of immense dead-white chrysanthe- 
mums. These panels are edged narrowly with black bear. The cor- 
sage has a wide belt of white velvet, finished with a white silk cord 
at the waist, and at the top, about the bust, by a wide band of black 
bear. The decolletage is edged with puffs of rose silk, embroidered 
with seed pearls, and pearl-embroidered epaulettes, fur-edged, bang 
squarely over tbe sleeves. The sleeves themselves are large, simple, 
elbow purls of white velvet. 

A dancing frock of white chiffon for a dainty debutante has a soft 
blouse held by bretelles of white cock's feathers, which rival the 
ostrich in popularity. The tul'e skirt is arranged at the hem in three 
narrow puffings, separated by a tiny edge of the cock's feathers. 
Other frocks for girls' party wear are of wool and silk crepes, in old- 
fashioned designs, and trimmed with narrow fringes of silk cords. 

Pairs of pins are provided for the double purpose of securing the 
belt of the dress and lifting the superabundant length of the skirt. 
One of them is fixed at the waist and the other some inches lower 
down on the skirt ; tbetatter is supplied with a hook that fastens into 
an eye in its fellow. These pins are made in gold, and generally 
decorated with polished stones. 

Slides designed in the Renaissance or Louis XVI. styles, or com- 
posed of conventionally arranged flowerforms, executed in diamonds 
only, or in diamonds mixed with pearl?, are provided for the decora- 
tion of the fashionable velvet necklet. They are sold in sets of three, 
and show up most effectively against a background of ruby-red or 
sky-blue material. 

Black steel trinkets are more in vogue than ever, a twisted coil 
of steel will be traversed by a bar of diamonds. Fleur-de-lis in black 
steel, dotted with small diamond points, are worn by ladies in court 
mourning. The petals of the rose de France are also- reproduced in 
this sable metal, set in a diamond calyx. 

The latest idea in respect to ladies' watches is a little enameled 
slipper, with the watch face in the toe, suspended to a pin in the form 
of a true-lover's knot. 

Singers and Artists Generally are users of "Brown's Bronchial 
Troches" for CougbB, Colds, Hoarseness, and Throat Irritat'ons. They 
afford instant relief. Avoid imitations. 

Mothers be sure and use "Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup " for your 
children while teething. - 

Rheumatism, which is a blood di&ease, is rad'cally cured bv Ayer's 

liritKout CL 

was Carlyle's expression of the 
experience of many people who 
reach middle life before their 
digestive organs loudly protest 
against improper food. The first 
warning generally comes from 
food cooked with lard. How 
often we hear the remark, "I like 
it, but dare not eat it." To any- 
one in this common condition 

the new vegetable shortening, is 
indeed a boon. By the use of 
this new and wonderful food- 
product the disagreeable effects 
oflard-cooked foodarealtogether 
avoided. The features of econ- 
omy, convenience and adapta- 
bility, emphasize the above, and 
demand the attention of careful 
housekeepers to Cottolene. 

Sold In 3 and 6 pound palls by 8 
grocerB Made only by 

The N. K. Fairbank 

ST. LOUIS and 

Chicago, New lork, Boston. 

x Jsrsxria^-isrcE . 





CHAS. A. LATON. Manager. 439 California Street, 8. F. 


William Macdonald, Manager. D. E. Miles, Ass't Manager. 



CAPITAL $10,63?,500. 

Net Surplus Over Liabilities 3,116305 

305 Montgomery Street, ------- San Francisco 

Oldest Stock Fire Insurance Company iii the V. S. 



CAPITAL FULLY PAID... $3,000,000.00 

Office Pacific Department: 4 13 « allfornla St., S. F. 
JAMES D. BAILEY, General Agent. 

SUN INSURANCE OFFICE, of London. [ Founded A - D - im 

Cash Assets, $10,270,535. Oldest purely fire insurance office in the world. 


Established A. 1>. 1879. Cash Assets, $J,70S,C95. 

THE IMPERIAL INSURANCE CO. LTD-, of London imputed im. 

Cash Assets, $9,362,920. 40 years in business on the Pacific Coast. 

ff 31. J MNDERS, Manaeer for the Pacific Coast. 205 Sansome St., Hear Pine. 

January 19, 189.' 




1 WONDER tl jroo have beard in Baa Krancisoo of tbe cloak- 
maker*' strike, a desperate rebellion of several hundred souls 
who about four montbs ago refused to live longer on starva- 
tion wages, and in a body left their employers and prepared for 
battle? It is said Ibat pertinacity is a trail of the Hebrews. II 
one may judge by these poor starving Jews, who bave faced des- 
titution and have seen their children dying abont them, one can- 
not question that the name has been fairly won. This is the 
greatest strike amongst manufacturers' employees that Hew 
York has ever seen. One of the large proprietors weut over 10 
their side a few weeks ago, and was at once condemned by bin 
fellow manufacturers and openly denounced as an enemy. His 
generosity has helped many of bis co-religionists, for be toe is a 
Jew — one of the race as lavish when mood dictates generosity as 
tbey are parsimonious when they abandon themselves to the 
racial love of accnmnlation. The curious feature of this strike is 
Ibe quiet of it. Meetings among themselves these poor people 
have held, and there has been some, bnt very little, wild talk. 
As a result the utmost sympathy is felt for them. Distributing 
stations have been established, and many of the charitably dis- 
posed send clothing, food, and fuel daily for the wretched needy. 
And now the city government has interested itself. I drove up 
Fifth avenue Iron) the theatre last night. The broad street was 
crowded with carts bearing in large white letters, " D. 8. C," 
(Department of Street Cleaning.) upon theirsides. And toiling in 
the snow, piling it high upon their carts, was hundreds of these 
poor balf-frozen Jews, used to the heated rooms of factories, 
doomed without doubt to pneumonia, yet only too gratefully ac- 
cepting the work which the city had offered. It was a sad spec- 

The Eastern winter is full of suggestions of contrast which 
never, in spite of long residence, grow monotonous to one born 
and bred in the West. The struggle for life among the poorer 
classes, whose miserable, attennated, half-clad forms are too fre- 
quently before one's eyes, and the joy of living in the faces of the 
richly clothed, fur enwrapped lucky ones of earth, skimming by 
in magnificently appointed sleighs, make one long for life away 
from a crowded city, and one's thoughts linger [ondly upon sim- 
ple village ways, where nobody is too rich to lack time for per- 
sonal interest in the poor. 

Speaking of riches, what a remarkable position in the world 
Miss Virginia Fair now occupies! Her sister's lot is cast. Am- 
bition for her child is no doubt now ber most stirring motive in 
life (as she is a true mother), but the little " Birdie," who ranks 
most of the heiresses in eiiher the new or the old world, with the 
exception of a few royal princesses, has certainly oneof the most 
difficult paths in iife to tread. It requires all the sweetness and 
gentleness of character which are a legacy from her mother to 
keep her unspoiled. It is not a hopeless situation for a girl so 
endowed as well with common sense, but fancy how tragic for a 
shallow nature! Every sentiment warped or embittered — that is 
a history too well known among rich young women of far less 
fortune than pretty Miss Fair. The reconciliation of the Senator 
and his son was something of a surprise here, but every one is, 
I think, satisfied, whether acquainted it not with the contract- 
ing parties, to hear of reconciliations. There is something in us 
all which responds to tenderness, whether or not it be shown to 
or in anybody at all near ourselves. 

I saw one of your rich San Francisco women in New York the 
other day — Mrs, George Raum (Miss Woodward she once was.) 
She looked well, and, indeed, stately. 

Mr. and Mrs. Raum are at the Windsor, which hotel shelters 
also Mrs. and Miss Hale, of San Jose. 

I write you little or nothing of Miss Sanderson, as I feel sure 
that the wires have supplied all your dailies with real and imagi- 
nary tales of her — of her appearance and of her intentions. Curi- 
ously enough, the portraits in the papers here are all reproduc- 
tions of a picture taken years ago by on« of your leading photog- 
raphers. Miss Sanderson is at the St. James, and has been tor- 
tured by interviewers ever since her arrival. Let me tell yon that 
save for a certain expansiveness in manner {and in figure) she is 
the same charming, bewitching Sibyl who bad more friends and 
perhaps more enemies in San Francisco than any other girl your 
extreme city has produced. I am eager to know how the critics 
will treat her. I think every ex-Californian has the same anxiety. 
Mrs. Willie Brown has been seriously ill with an attack of 
grippe, and Mrs. Jnngen (Kate Wood) is another victim of wintry 
weather, having been threatened with pneumonia. She is slowly 
rallying. Captain Dillenbeck has just returned to Fort Hamil- 
ton from a visit to relatives in Conneciicut. Lieutenant Cham- 
berlin Is also back at his post from a holiday jaunt. 
New York, January 9, 1895. Passe-Paktotjt. 

There is only one thing that can be used as a safe-guard in this 
climate, which is likely to vary wonderfully in the course of a single 
day, as strangers sometimes learn to their cost and discomfort, and 
that is a glass of John F. Cutter Whisky. It stimulates the mind 
and keeps the body warm and comfortable. All connoisseurs use 
the J. F. Cutter Old Bourbon, and recommend it to all who wish 
for a high grade of whisky. E. Martin and Co., 408 Front street, are 
the agents. 




Insurance COMPANY, 

C APITAL , $1,000,000 | ASSETS, $3,000,000. 



V; <Hru< mill., a t,*tii.,uer lor Ibe Pacific I ornI ltranrll. 

•Mw ■», mini, mi at., V t*. 

Capital tl ,B00. 000.00 

Invested in U. S. 654,433.31 


Agents City Department. 

332 California St., 8. F.,<al. 



Storage Capacity, 100,000 Tons. Begular Warehouse for wan 
Francisco Produce Exchange Call Board. 

These Warehouses are the largest on the Pacific Coast, and are f umlRhed 
with the latest Improvements for the rapid handling and storing of Grain. 
A mill attached, ouppiied with the best and newest machinery for cleaning 
foul and smutty Wheat. 

Money advanced at lowest rates of interest on grain stored in Warehouses, 
Insurance effected ac lowest rates in First-Class Companies, or Grainsold, 
if desired, atcurreul rates. 
Office of the Company, 202 Sansome St., over the Anglo-California Bapk. 


CAPITAL J6,700,0C6 


Wo. 316 California Street, San Francisco. 



HENRY K. FIELD, General Agant, 
Mills Building Montgomery Street, San Francisco. 



Established 1825. 
Capital, 82,250,000. Total Assets, $6,854,663 36 

United States Department: 204 SANSOME ST., SAN FKANCISCO. 

VOSS, tONKAl) .t CO., General Managers. 






These three Companies are liable jointly and severally for all Losses that 
may be sustained. 

HARKY W. SYZ, General Agent, 

, 410 California St. , Sa n Francisco, Oal 


[Established by Koyal Charter, 1720. | 


[Established 1836.] 
Office— Northwest corner Sacramento and Montgomery Street. 

GEO. F. GRANT, manager 



Capital Paid Up * „ 529- 000 

AsBets 8,181,768 

Surplus to Policy Holders 1,526,167 


401 Montgomery Street. 
BOYD & DICKSON, S. F. Agents, 

5Q1 Montgomery Street 



(Incorporated A. D., 1799.) 

BUTLER & HALDAN, Gen'l Agents, 

413 California Street, San Francisco 



January 19, 1895. 

SONG.— By George Darley. 

SWEET in her green dell tbe flower of beauty alumbers, 
Lulled by tbe faini breezes sighing through her hair 
Sleeps she, and hears not my melancholy numbers, 
Breathed to my sad lute amid the lovely air I 

Down from the high cliff the rivulet is teeming, 

To wind round the willow banks that lure him from above; 

that, in tears from my rocky prison streaming, 
I, too, could glide to the bower of my love! 

Ah, when the woodbines with sleepy arms have wound me, 
Opes she her eyelids at the dream of my lay, 

Listening, like the dove, while the fountains echo round her, 
To her lost mate's call in the forests far away ! 

Come, then, my bird I for the peace thou ever bearest 
Still Heaven's messenger of comfort to me; 

Gome, this fond bosom, my faithfullest, my fairest, 

Bleeds with its death-wound— but deeper yet for thee! 

THE UNIVERSAL ROVTK.— Ella Wheeler Wilcox, in Magazine 
of Travel. 

As we journey along, with a laugh and a song. 

We see, on youth's fiower-decked slope 
Like a beacon of light, shining fair on the sight, 

The beautiful Station of Hope. 

But the wheels of old Time roll along as we climb, 
And our youth speeds away on the years; 

And with hearts that are numb with life's sorrows we come 
To the mist-covered Station of Tears. 

Still onward we pass, where the milestones, alas! 

Are the tombs of our dead, to the West, 
Where glitters and gleams in tbe dying sunbeams, 

The sweet, silent Station of Rest. 

All rest is but change, and no grave can estrange 

The soul from its Parent above; 
And scorning the rod, it soars back to its God, 

To the limitless City of Love. 

THE POOL TO NARCISSUS.— From the Athenaeum. 

You never loved me, but you saw in me 

Reflected all the flowers your own soul bore; 
You saw your eyes in mine, and so you swore 

That only eyes like those your stars should be. 

You leaned your flower-poft face toward my face, 
1 waited, heart-sick, for the crowning hour; 
You looked, and longed, and loved— not me, fair flower- 

You loved the mirror of your own great grace. 

You leaned down with the lily that you wore — 
Had I but leaped to meet your kiss divine, 
You and. your flower of love had now been mine, 

Drowned in my love — to waken never more. 

But as it is— ah! love, you know the rest! 

Robbed of your image, how the pool seemed base! 

You will find many a mirror for your face, 
But no more flowers will lean across my breast! 

WHICH ?— Mary Berri Chapman, in January Century. 

Which are the hands we love the best, 
Those that are folded between our own, 
Or those that move us to strange unrest 
By feathery touch that is quickly flown ? 
Which, ah, which, do we love the best, 
Hands caressing, on hands caressed ? 

Which are the eyes we most adore, 

Those reflecting our every thought, 

Or those whose glances our hearts implore, 

Whose tire will neither be tamed nor taught ? 

Which, ah, which, are we drawn most toward, 

Eyes adoring or eyes adored ? 

Which is the heart of hearts we prize, 
That which sways with a passionate power, 
Or that which yields us a sacrifice, 
Gentle and generous, day and hour? 
Which, of all, do we hold above, 
Hearts most loving or hearts we love ? 

Dealers do not take enough 
pains to sell the right chim- 
neys for lamps. Get the 
"Index to Chimneys" — free. 

Write Geo A Macbeth Co, 

Pittsburgh, Pa, maker of 

'pearl glass" and "pearl top." 



Pald-ap Capital, »1, OOO.OOO. 

Corner Montgomery and California Streets, San Francisco. 

J. D. FRY, President HENRY WILLIAMS, Vice-President 

J. Dalzell Brown. Secretary and I'reasurer. 

This company is authorized by law to act as Executor, Administrator, 
Assignee, Receiver or Trustee . It is a legal depositary for Court and Trust 
Funds. Will take entire charge of Real and Persoual Estates, collecting 
the income and profits, aud attending to all such details as an individual 
in like capacity could do. 

Acts as Registrar aud Transfer Agent of all Stocks and Bonds. 

Receives deposits subject to check and allows interest at the rate of two 
per cent per annum on daily balances. Issues certificates of deposits 
bearing fixed rates of interest. 

Receives deposits in its savings department from $1 upwards, and allows 
the usual rate* of interest thereon. 

KK.Vis s.vllN inside its burglar-proof vaults at prices from $5per 
annum upward*, according to size. Valuables of all kindB may be stored 
at low rates. 


t'orner < alllomla and Webb Streets. 

DEPOSITS. June 30, 1 894 $24,061,791 27 

GUARANTEE CAPITAL and Surplus 1 ,627,052 43 

DIRECTORS — Albert Miller, President; E. B. Pond, Vice-President; ' 
Thomas Magee, G- W. Beaver, Charles Pace, Daniel E. Martin, W. C. B. 
De Fremery, George C. Boardman, J. G. Eastland; Lovell White, Cashier. 

Receives Deposits, and Loans only on real estate security. Country re- 
mittances may be sent by Wells, Fargo & Co., or by check of reliable 
parties, payable in San Francisco, but the responsibility of this Savings 
Bank commences only with the actual receipt of tbe money. The signa- 
ture of the depositor should accompany the first deposit. No charge is 
made for pass book or entrance fee. OfSce hours— 9 a. m. to 3 p. m. Satur 
day evenings, 6 :30 to 8. ______ 


Authorized Capital $3,500,000 | Capital Paid Up. . $3,450,000 

Reserve $500,000. 

San Francisco Office— 124 California St. London Office— 73 Lombard St., E.C . 
Portland Branch— Chamber of Commerce Building. 
Tacoma Branch— 115b Pacific Ave. 
Manager, ARTHUR SCRIVENER. Assistant Manager, WILLIAM STEEL. 
LONDON BANKERS— Bank of England and London Joint Stock Bank. 
NEW YORK— Uiexel, Morgan & Co. BOSTON— Third National Bank. 

This Bank is prepared to transact all kinds of General Banking and Ex- 
change Business in London and San Francisco, and between said cities and 
all parts of the world. 


N. W. Corner SANSOMB and SUTTER. 

Subscribed Capital $2 500,000 I Paid lip Capital $2,000,000 

Reserve Fund, $800,000. 

Head Office . 68 Old Broad Street, London. 

AGENTS— Nkw York— Agency of the London, Paris aud American Bank 
Limited. No. 10 Wall street, N. Y. Paris — Messrs. Lazard Freres & Cie, 
17 Boulevard Poissouiere. Draw direct on tbe principal cities of the world. 
Commercial and Travelers' Credits issue. 

BIG. GREENBAUM,) „„„_,. 
C. ALTSCHUL ) Managers. 


CAPITAL $1,260,000 

Successor to Sather & Co., Established 1851, San Francisco. 

JAMES K. WILSON President 

C. F. A. TALBOT, Vice-President. L. I. COWGILL, Cashier 

iHreetors: E. A. Bruguiere, F. W Sumner, Albert Miller, Wm. P. John- 
son, C. F. A. Talbot, C. 8. Benedict, James K.. Wilson. 

Agent**: New York— Drexel, Morgan A Co. Boston— Downer & Co. 
Philadelphia— Drexel A Co Chicago— Atlas National Bank. St. Louis— 
The Mechanics' Bank, Kansas City— FirstNationalBank. London—Brown 
Shipley A Co, Paris— Drexel, Harjes A Co. 


No. 18 Geary Street, S. F. 

Incorporated November 24. 1869. 

ADOLPH C. WEBER President | ERNST BRAND Secretary 

January 19, 189">. 



u IF I Ht« long enough, " he said, nioodtly, ■• I hope I'll set 
1 over being a oatorftl mark for any banco steerer that hap- 
pens to be loose." " What's the matter? " •• I concluded I'd 
have to economize, so I sent fifty cents to a man who said that was 
all he'd charge to tell me how to make a little monev go a long my." 
" And what did he tell you ? " " He simply wrote: ' Send live oenta 
by express to Pan Francisco.' " — Washington Star. 

She was on the verge of tears. • The fates have conspired." she 
moaned, " to hinder me from getting married. Here is mv trousseau 
twenty minutes late and my fiance 1 running awav just an hour before 
the ceremony, when it was too law* to till his place except for sheer 
lack.*' Throwing herself among the georgeous cushions of the sofa, 
she gave way to the bitterest reflections. —Detroit Tritnnie. 

*' Why," asked the philosopher, "why isit that a man— the noblest 
created object— why is it that a man should have such doubts of his 
ability to win a woman's affection, when he considers the success in 
that line of a pop-eyed, pudding-shaped, pretzel-tailed pug dog?" 
But the assembled listeners answered him not. 

— Indianapolis Journal. 
" If a doubt should come between us," 
She faltered faintly out; 
But the way he moved up nearer 

He left no room for doubt. —Puck. 

Willie— Papa, will you tell me a story ? Papa— Yes. Whatshall 
it be ? Willie— Oh, tell me that story over again about when you 
was fishing up in Maine. Mother (calling from next room)— Willie, 
come out here this instant ! Don't you know your papa joined the 
church last week on probation ? —Judge. 

" Oh, Jaggs," protested Mrs. Lushforth, " I did so hope vou would 
come home sober to-night." "Glad I didn't." thicklv responded 
Mr. Lushforth. " It is worth the effort of gettin' tanked any time to 
be able to see 'zgood-lookin' woman 'zyou are double " 

— Indianapolis Journal. 

Cobwiogee — Women are incomprehensible. Merritt — What put 
that into your head ? Cobwigger— My wife spent fifteen dollars for 
a smoking jacket for my Christmas present, and on New Year's she 
was crying her eyes out because I didn't swear off smoking.— Truth. 

" I have thrown up my situation at the telephone central." " On 
account of reduced wages ? " " No, I could stand that, but when the 
company put in a new kind of switchboard which prevents us girls 
from hearing what is going over the wires, I simply quit." — Truth. 

" Henry," she said thoughtfully. " What is it ? " responded the 
worried business man, rather shortly. " I wish you could rearrange 
your business a little bit." " How ? " " So as to be a bear on the 
Stock Exchange instead of at home."" — Judge. 

" Are you used to serving roast beef rare ? " said a lady who was en- 
deavoring to learn whether she suited the new cook. "*No, ma'am," 
was the loftily spoken reply. " Up to me prisint imployment Oi've 
been used to serving it frequent." — Washington Star. 

Mrs. Johnlt— That Miss Swifter wears very decollete gowns to 
parties, and she seems to be making a dead set for young Cash. 
Mrs. Placid— Yes, she seems to be adopting the bargain-counter ad- 
vertisement, " half off for cash." — Cincinnati Tribune. 

Old Crusty — What a charming girl baby you have— and, speaking 
of the girls, don't you know, I always adored them, and could ever 

What is her name, please? Mrs, 
-Adams Freeman. 

tell a first-class girl at a glance. 
Gbimes (sadly)— Albert. 

Jeweler— The inscription you wish engraved on the inside of this 
ring 1 understand is " Marcellus to Irene." Young Man (with em- 
barrassment—Yes, that's right. But— er— don't cut the ,l Irene " 
deep. — Exchange. 

■ Miss Peart— What column do you read first in the paper ? Miss 
Tearsey— The society column. Why ? Miss Peart— 1 should think 
you would be more interested in " Male help wanted." 

— Philadelphia Inquirer. 

Bacon— What are you doing with a picture of a football playe r 
pinned to your coat ? Egbert— Oh, yes ! My wife pinned that there 
so as to remind me to have my hair cut." — Tonkers Statesman. 

Mrs. Knervz rang the bell for the domestic. " Norah," she said, 
when the kitchen lady appeared, ''I'll feed the canary myself after 
this. The doctor says I am to take more exercise." 

— Chicago Tribune. 

Miss Beaconhill— I wonder to what the poet alluded when he 
spoke of '■ the embers of the dying year "? Bob Manhattan— Novem- 
ber and December, I suppose. — Truth. 

Me, Viveur — Did you see many old ruins while you were travel- 
ing? Mlle. Feivole— Oh, yes I many. Why, one of them wanted 
to marry me! — Baltimore Telegram. 

" Mammy's knittin' dad a pair of socks? " " Yes." " An' what's 
dad a-doin' of ? " " Praying to the Lord fer shoes I " 

— Atlanta Constitution. 

The Grand Canon Line !— To the East ! 

Commencing Nov. 4th the "Santa Fe Route" Popular Overland 
Excursions to Chicago and Eastern Cities will leave every Wednesday. 
Manager in Charge. Through Palace and Upholstered Tourist Sleep- 
ers are run to Chicago every day. This is the only Line by which the 
Grand Canon of the Colorado River can be reached. Send for illus- 
trated book giving full particulars. W. A. Bissell, G. P. A., 650 
Market street, Chronicle Building, San Francisco, Cal. 



tnoorporalad t>> Bortl Chutvr. lwi. 

CAPITAL Paid Up 13 000 000 


SoulhcaM OOrnOT Bush and HtntftlBl itnata, 

■BAD OIlHi; HO l.t»mli»r<l sir., i, I ...nil»ii 

BRASriius— Victoria, Vancouver. N.-w Wettmloater, Kamloops, Nanalmo, 

and Nelson; British Columbia. Portland, OrpRim: Seattle and Tacoma, 


Thli Hank transacts a Qeoera] Hanking Buslncw*. Account* opened sub- 
ject to Check, and Special Deposit* received. Commercial Credits granted 
available in all parts of the world. Approved Bills discounted and ad- 
vances made on jrood collateral security. Drawn direct at current rates 
upon its Head Office and Branches, and upon Its Agent*, as follow. 
Nbw York — Merchants Hunk of Canada: CHICAGO— First National Bank; 
, Livbrpool— North and South Wales Bank: Scotland— British Linen Com- 
pany; Ireland— Bank of Ireland; Mexico— London Bank of Mexico; 
j South America— London Bank of Mexico and South America; China and 
■ Japan— Chartered Bank of India, Australia and China; Australia and 
New Zealand— Bank of Australasia and Commercial Banking Company 
of Sydney. Ld. ; Drmerara and Trinidad (West IndieB)— Colonial Bank. 


CAPITAL ... .$3,000,00000 

SURPLUS and Undivided Profits (October 1, 1894) 3,158,129 70 


Charles K Bishop, Vice-President Allen M clay. Secretary 

8. Prentiss Smith, Ass't Cashier, I. F, Moulton, 2d Ass't Cashier. 


New York— Messrs Laidlaw & Co; The Bank of New York, N. B. A. 
Boston— Tre mo ut National Bank; London— Messrs. N. M. Rothschild & 
Sous; Paris— Messrs. De Rothschild Freres; Virginia City (Nev)— Agency 
of The Bank of California; Chicago— Union National Bank, and Illinois 
Trust and savings Bank; Australia and New Zealand— Bank of New 
Zealand; China, Japan and India- Chartered Bank of India, Australia 
and China. St. Louis— Boatmen's Bank 

Letters of Credit issued available in all parts of the world. 

Draws Direct on New York, Boston, Chicago, St. Louis, Salt Lake, 
Denver, Kansas City, New Orleans, Portland, Or., Los Angeles, and on 
Loudon, Paris, Berliu, Bremen, Hamburg, Frank fort-on-Maiu, Copenhagen, 
Stockholm, Christiania, Melbourne, Syndey, Auckland, Hongkong, Shang- 
hai, Yokohama, Genoa, and all cities in Italy. 


33 Post Street, below Kearny Mechanics' Institute Building 



JAMES G. FAIR President 

JAMES D. PHELAN, 8 G MURPHY Vice-Presidents 

Dirkctoks— James G. Fair, L P. Drexler, John A. Hooper, C. G. Hooker, 
James D. Phelan, James Moffitt, 8 G. Murphy, Frank J. Sullivan, and 
Robert McElroy. 

Interest paid on Term and Ordinary Deposits. Loans on Approved se- 
curities. GEO. A. STORY, Cashier. 

Deposits may be sent by postal order, Wells, Fargo & Co., or Exchange 
on City Banks. When opening accounts send signature. 


No. 526 CALIFORNIA ST., 8. F. 

Guaranteed Capital and Reserve Fund $1,850,000 00 

D. posits January 3, 1894 29,439,21 7 O* 

OFFICERS— President, Edward Kruse; Vice-President, B A. Becker; 
Second Vice-President, George H. Eggers; Cashier, A. H. R. Schmidt; As- 
sistant Cashier, Wm. Herrmann; Secretary, George Tourney; Assistant 
Secretary, A. H. Muller. 

BOA.RD OF DIRECTORS— Edward Kruse, George H. Eggers, O. Schoe- 
mann, A. C. Heineken, H. Horstmann, B. A. Becker, H. L. Simon, Ign. 
Stein hart, Daniel Meyer. Attorney, W. S. Goodfellow. 


N. E. Corner Pine and Sansome Streets. 

Capital Authorized $6,000,000 1 Paid up $1,600,000 

Subscribed 3,000,000 J Reserve Fund 700,000 

Head Office— 18 Austin Friars, London, E. C. 
Agents at New York— J. & W. Seligman & Co., 21 Broad street. 
The Bank transacts a general banking business, sells drafts, makes tele- 
graphic transfers, and issues letters of credit available throughout the 
world. Sends bills for collection, loans money, buys and sells exchange 
and bullion. IGN. STEINHART ) __ niv 

P. N. LILIENTHAL, ( Managers 


N . E. t orner Sansome and Sutter Streets, 

Casn Capital and Surplus $6,350,000 00 

John J. Valentine President I Homer S. King Manager 

H. Wadsworth Cashier I F. L. Lipman Assistant Cashier 

N. Y. City, H. B. PARSONS, Cashier. | Salt Lake City, J. E . DOOLY, Cashier 
John J . Valentine, Benj. P. Cheney, Oliver Bldridge, Henry B. Hunting- 
ton, Homer S. King, Geo. E . Gray, John J. McCook, Charles F. Crocker, 
Dudley Evans. 


Corner Market, Montgomery and Post Streets. 

PAID-UP CAPITAL $1,000,000. 


WM. H. CROCKER Pbesident 

W. B. BROWN Vice veesideht 

GBO. W. KLINE Cashier 



Wm. Alvord Jerome Lincoln H. H. Hewlett 

Wm. Babcock 
Adam Grant 

O. D. Baldwin 
W. 8. Jones 

A. K. P. Harmon 
J. B. Randol. 



January 19, 1895. 


EVEN among very good whist players 
there are great varieties of style. No 
one who bas bad raucb experience with a 
large variety of crack players can fail to 
have noticed this, especially since the 
game of duplicate wbist has become so 
popular. It may to many seem highly 
heretical, but it is maintained by compe- 
tent authority that a man trained under 
the old straight whist system is likely to 
be a better player than one whose entire 
experience has been with duplicate. The 
former game is unquestionably the better 
of the two. It includes all that duplicate 
whist does, and, in addition, the very im- 
portant feature of playing to the score. 
When a man sees a player take a chance 
of winning three tricks by risking a loss 
of one he wonld be tolerably safe in wager- 
ing that the player was trained under the 
straight whist system. 

Temperament plays no small part in 
success. A player may make an excellent 
partner for one man and a very poor part- 
ner for a very superior artist. This is ac- 
counted for on the ground that a daring 
player is likely to do very well with one 
more conservative, the faults of one cor- 
recting those of the other, while with a 
man of his own class he would be likely 
to lose trick after trick. Then certain men 
have a belief that they cannot win with 
certain others, and this belief is nearly al- 
ways a precursor of defeat, as it influences 
play, and the team is really defeated before 
it sits down to the table. This belief is 
often akin to superstition. Two players 
who play their own hands alone are likely 
to do better together than with far better 
men who play the modern system. Then, 
there is the timid player, who, when he is 
opposed to cracks, gives up the game be- 
fore a single card is led, and fails therefore 
to do himself justice. One of the most 
trying partners is the medium player, 
who, when with a first-class man, gets a 
fit of " buck ague " and goes to pieces. If 
he would simply play a natural game and 
attempt no gymnastics he would be likely 
to do well, but he is seldom satisfied with 
natural play, and tries strokes of original 
genius, the result being overwhelming dis- 
aster. The whist player of the future will 
be the player who can play to the man as 
well as to the cards; who can, in addition 
to reading the cards, read his partner's 
mind, actual or alleged. But only a wbist 
genius should attempt this. A conjurer 
alone should meddle with a conjurer's 
wand. It has been nearly the universal 
experience thst success with poor players, 
gained by gauging the shallows of his 
partner's intellect, seriously injures the 
chances of winning with good men — Ex. 


A MAN from St. Johns, New Found- 
land, and another man from 8an 
Francisco, Cal., met as strangers at a 
cal': table, but, after some casual talk, 
they happened to speak of the foreign 
pronunciation of the province from 
whence one hailed and the city of the 
other, and thus they soon became fervent 
friends, bound by a sympathetic tie, which 
was bountifully irrigated before they 

"It used to only make us weary, bnt 
now it ruakcs us angry," explained the 
8t. Johns man. "Indeed, at first we did 
not know what visitors from the United 
States were talking abont when they 
spoke of 'Nu-fun-lan,' with the accent on 
the first syllable. The name of my conn- 
try is exactly as it is spelled, made np of 
three words, namely, 'new,' 'found,' and 
'land.' If Lieutenant Peary should find a 
new land this winter, I wonder if New 
Yorkers wonld, in conversation, speak of 

it as the 'nu-fuo-lau?' " 

"That is pretty tough," said the San 
Franciscan, "but we suffer worse, because 
from a worse cause. People probably 
mispronounced the name of your country 
through carelessness, but Easterners call 
my city out of its name with malicions 
purpose, and that none of them have been 
hanged for it shows that we are forbear- 
ing people beyond all others. They call 
my city" — the speaker choked at the 
word — "they call it 'Frisco I' Why do 
they not call it 'Denis' or 'Mars?' They 

have just as mncb right, and d 'em, 

sir, they seem to think they are doing 
something pleasant and smart; yet every 
San Franciscan loathes, with a murderous 
loathing, to hear the city so called. No 
native or resident of San Francisco ever 
calls it 'Frisco.' He would rather admit 
that its climate is bad. Californians never 
abbreviate their geographical names. 
Even 'Sao Bernardino,' *8an Luis Obispo,' 
'San Buenaventura,' are honored in every 
syllable." — New York Sun. 

ME. William Brock, of Patterson, N. J., 
according to Electricity, intends to 
show all the uses to which electricity can 
be put. He is having a borne built for 
himself, and expects to have it completed 
in a few weeks. He wilt apply electricity 
throughout his domicile. The bouse will 

be heated by electricity, the cooking will 
be done on an electric range, the house 
will be cooled in summer with electric 
fans; there will be a burglar alarm con- 
necting with every part of the house, 
electric annunciators, and the whole, from 
cellar to garret, will be lighted by elec- 
tricity. The house will be so arranged 
that shonld it be invaded by a bnrglar an 
alarm will be given to the family when on 
the floor above, and by means of a switch ; 
the whole lower part of the house can be 
flooded with light. Should the bnrglar at- 
tempt to escape from one room to another 
or out of the doors be will give the alarm 
by stepping on mats that will give notice 
of the intruder's movements and wherea- 

THE Directors of the German Vaccine 
Institute, at Weimar, are arranging for 
a celebration to be held in 189G, in com- 
memoration of Jenner's discovery of vac- 
cination. In connection therewith there 
is to be an exhibition of old and new vac- 
cine-instruments, of apparatus for the pre- 
servation of lymph, etc. ; of original manu- 
scripts on smallpox and vaccination; on 
the inoculation of sheep-pox and cattle- 
plague in pre-J ennerian days ; of squios on 
vaccination, of medals, portraits, and au- 
tographs of prominent inocnlators, vac- 
cinators, and anti-vivisectionists, etc. 

Are You Fortified? 

"When you are in a low state of health, and on the verge of 
illness, there is no nourishment in the world like 

Scott's Emulsion 

to restore s'rength. Scott's Emulsion, nourishes, strength- 
ens, promotes the making of solid 
flesh, enriches the blood and tones up 
tiic whole system. 

Por Coughs, Golds, Sore Throat, Bronchitis, 
"Weak Langs, Consumption, Scrofula, Anaemia, 
Loss of Plesli, Thin Babies, Weak Children, and 
all conditions of Wasting. 

Buy only the genuine! It has our trade- 
ma k on salmon-colored wrapper. 
Send for pamphlet on Scotfs Emulsion. FRF.E. 
Scott & Bowne, N. Y. All Druggists. 50 cents and $1. 


DisuHedandbofflefl bv^ I ^J D> 

WalKekVille, Canada. 

The age and genuineness of this whisky are guaranteed by the Excise Department 
of the Canadian Government by certificate over the capsule of every bottle. From the 
moment of manufacture until this certificate is affixed, the whisky never leaves the custody 
of the Excise officers. No other Government in the world provides for consumers this in- 
dependent and absolute guarantee of purity and ripeness. " CANADIAN CLUB " whisky 
is particularly adapted for medicinal use. 

For sale by all first-class Grocers, Druggists, and Dealers. SELLING AGENTS : 

William Wolff & Co. 

- San Francisco, Cal. 

January 19, 1895. 




IT bu be*n observed by many travelers of note that Ban Fran- 
• and London hare many characteristics in common, some 
even going ao far aa to affirm that no city on tbe American con 
tinent bears so close a resemblance to tbe " metropolis of the 
world " aa does tbe city by the Uolden Gate. To one who has 
visited both places tbe similarity, however superficial, is at once 
noticed. Tbe same cosmopolitism, general air of gaiety, and un- 
ceasing, untiring animation prevail alike in both cities, to the ex- 
tent of being almost distinguishing features. Also Market street, 
with its numerous converging streets, bears a close external re- 
semblance to many of the great thoroughfares of London. 

But it is with regard to its moral laxtty that San Francisco bas 
been most frequently declared analogous to London and other 
European cities of unenviable repute. To such an extent bave 
Callfornians deluded themselves on this score that it has grown 
into a conviction, with the result that a certain class of ber peo- 
ple — well-meaning, no doubt — are indefatigable in tbeir efforts to 
stigmatize the Western metropolis as being "the most immoral 
city in tbe world." 

Either one of two statements is sufficient in refutation of this 
sweeping charge: these persons have not seen London, or else 
they willfully and falsely libel. While not a paragon of virtue in 
any respect. 8an Francisco presents no such open sights of 
shame and degradation as do tbe streets of London. Well 
dressed, and to all appearances respectable, women here enter 
hotel? and saloons and go up to the bar and order drinks, regard- 
less of the character or condition of the company they enter. 
These public resorts bave not the privacy about them that ob- 
tains in American cities, hence these spectacles of female de- 
bauchery are exposed to tbe public eye. And more deplorable 
still is the fact that they excite no comment, being accepted as 
the most usual of occurrences— as customary. 

That pitiful sisterhood of the streets is encountered in London 
at every turn and in appalling numbers. If for no other reason 
than that out of respect for the pure women and young girls who 
must of necessity share with tbem tbe sidewalks, and for the 
sake of public decency, it would be thought that the authorities 
would at least make an effort to confine this flagrant immorality 
to tbe background — if suppress it they cannot. But no restriction 
seems to be attempted; the social outcasts openly accost men on 
tbe crowded thoroughfares and the police make themselves blind 
to it, seeming rather to be in sympathy with them than other- 
wise. And, indeed, the poor creatures are fit subjects for com- 
passion; their numbers alone are enough to elicit that; and 
while they all bear the stamp of their miserable and degraded 
life, some have the unmistakable signs of actual hunger on their 
faces. Drunkenness, also, among both sexes prevails, and 1b 
tolerated to an extent that would seem incredible to San Fran- 
ciscans. The streets, outside of the most aristocratic quarters, 
are seldom free from it and its disgusting exhibitions day or 

No! San Francisco cannot be compared with London in social 
degradation, no matter in how many other respects she may be 
analogous. If there is undue immorality in the former city, it is 
at least decently veiled and does not run rampant. The innocent, 
and those who live apart from it, have no cause to feel the 
offense of it, there being little reminder of its existence when it 
is not sought for. Here it stalks everywhere, giving to the social 
life an ever-accompanying shadow of social death. Tbe vice and 
immorality of London weigh upon the stranger more than is tbe 
case with like conditions in any other city in the world; there is 
not left to it a vestige of attraction; it has sunk to the depths of 
hopeless abandonment. 

To leave these grosser shadows, London stands at a disadvan- 
tage with San Francisco in many material ways, of which one of 
the first to be noticed on arrival is the inferior street transporta- 
tion accommodations. In and among the suburbs one can travel 
with comparative ease and comfort, but In the city it is awful. 
Owing to their continually crowded condition no rails are allowed 
on the streets. In place of the convenient and smooth-running 
cable car, customary in San Francisco, you are obliged to board a 
rickety 'bus, the sensation of riding in which, as it laboriously 
finds its labyrinthian way through the bewildering crowd of 
vehicles, is like unto that experienced in a small boat in a choppy 
sea. There being no Bystem of transfers, an ordinary journey 
about tbe city necessitates the paying of several fares, unless one 
is willing to accomplish the major part of it on foot. The under- 
ground railway is a happy alternative if your point of destina- 
tion happens to be in anything like proximity to its route. But 
London is so vast that a hundred railroads might run through 
and about it in different directions and not come within half a 
mile of each other. 

Food of every description — the notable exceptions being bread, 
potatoes, and canned goods — is much dearer than in San Fran- 
cisco. Meat is particularly high, but it must be said in its favor 
that it is of far superior quality to what we are accust jmed to in 
California. Still, this does not make it any the more accessible 
to poor people, to whom it is here a luxury. 

I recently made a tour of the great London churches, with the 

object of viewing the CbrlttroU decorations. To one accustomed 
to tbe bright Duiml dtoorattooa ol t'alif »rntl they appeared exces- 
sively dull and BiODolonoot, consisting in almost every Instance 
merely of holly ami Ivy leases. However pretty this lombn 
combination may appear on a lithographed maga/.lne cover, it 
certainly does not show up with good effect In the gloomy Inter- 
tor of a church. But It Is about all the English have at their com- 
mand at tbie season of the year, dowers of any description being 
altogether too rare ami expensive for decorative purposes. 
St. Tanl's Cathedral made the most artistic display; the altar was 
exquisitely draped in white silk, with gold Interlacing, and on it 
stood five vases containing fern leaves and white lilies. 

The restorations now under way at St. Paul's are of a most 
elaborate and costly nature. Little, to what is contemplated, has 
been done, but it is most gorgeous — all bronze, marble, and gold 
intsglio work — and has coat over $300,000. It is said that It wilt 
lake fully forty years to complete the work ; and tbe expense bas 
not been estimated. 

fnstead of growing older, London is younger every time one 
revisits it. The old tumble down buildings, " with historic asso- 
ciations," are constantly giving place to magnificent modern 
structures in almost every quarter of tbe city. Madame Tussand's 
Exhibition, for years one of London's great attractions, and in dis- 
solubly connected in the mind of every resident with Biker street, 
now occupies a grand building — almost wholly marble — on the 
Marylebone Road. Although everything connected with it is on 
a far handsomer scale than heretofore, the show seems to bave 
been captured by an American advertising syndicate. To have 
the eye met everywhere with legends to tbe effect that tbe Lord 
Mayor "drinks Ourbrand Mineral Water, and no other," smacks 
strongly of the Transatlantic. 

A decade or so ago Loudon was one of the worst lighted of the 
world's big cities, the dull flicker of its gas lamps being no more 
competent to dispel nocturnal gloom than is ever the sun during 
day, when one of the regulation fogs is on. At the present time 
no city is better supplied with illuminant, the streets, other than 
in the deserted commercial sections, being literally brilliant after 
nightfall. In many other ways the old city bears evidence of 
keeping pace with the material progress of the age — noticeably in 
the matter of its street pavements, which are as the smooth, pol- 
ished floor of a dancing hall compared to those of San Francisco 
and a few other American cities. 

The one place that of all others seems to change least is West- 
minster Abbey. I sauntered into tbe sacred edifice the other day 
and it was exactly the same as I had remembered it from child- 
hood — only an additional marble bust here and there, so few as 
to be scarcely noticed. Were those whose ashes have lain within 
iis precincts for centuries suddenly to regain life and gaze around, 
it is nothing more than within the facts to say that they also 
would recognize no material change. A peculiarity of the Abbey 
is its atmosphere suggestive of eternity and everlasting repose — a 
Bense of this takes possession of every visitor. And Westminster 
is in fact, as welt as in sentiment, a tomb. Two Italian priests — 
visitors for the first time— entered with an awed manner while I 
was there and asked to be directed to the chapel of Edward the 
Confessor. There they both reverently knelt and prayed. The 
incident struck me as being illustrative of tbe tenacious loyalty 
and devotion of the old church to its patrons dead and gone. 
Eight hundred years are a long time for one's memory to live, I 
thought. Emma R. Endeks. 

London, January 2, 1895. 

THE alleged attempt of the Census Marshal of Alameda to stuff 
the roll of cbildren eligible to the pnblic schools should not be 
charged solely to his patriotic desire to increase the revenues of 
tbe school fund from the State Treasury; he may have been in- 
spired with a holy ambition to compensate in his report for the 
neglect of natural opportunities and duties on the part of the 

Somewhere to Dine. 

THERE'S many a man— saint or sinner— 
Who kuows not the right place to go 
la search of a lunch or a dinner, 

Not too dear, but yet Berved eomme il faut. 
Now here's the address— read and mark it— 

Where the choice of the best is at hand, 
Stalls b8 and 70, ('alifornia Market — 

Moraghan's Oyster Stand. 
There's no need to look far for the reason 

Why the patronage pays in the pelf, 
For they serve all tbe good things In season, 

And the boss runs the ousiness himself/ 
And the delicate, succulent oyBter 

Is ever in greatest demand 
In that pleasant, convenient cloister, 

Moraghan's Oyster Stand. 

" Callfornians " or "Easterns," they all are 

Put up in the daintiest style, 
And it's very well spent is a dollar 

In sampling these bivalves a while; 
For the epicure ne'er finds an oyster 

In any lay-out in the land 
That tempts him to revel and royster 

Like Moraghan's Oyster Stand. 



January 19, 1895 . 

REGARDING the ball given by Mrs. Thomas last Friday even- 
ing, there Is little to be said of it that cannot be summed up 
in the word "delightful;" and the buds, when questioned upon the 
subject, reply: "Oh, it was just too lovelyl Why, we didn't get 
home till after three o'clock 1" The rooms were prettily decorated 
and well lighted, the music was good, the supper delicious, and all 
the young people of San Francisco's Four Hundred were there; so 
what more could be desired? In fact, any who could not be satisfied 
with such concomitants must be very hard indeed to please. 

Last Saturday's teas suffered somewhat from the lateness of the 
hour at which the Thomas dance ended, though few young people 
will ever admit that there is such a thing as too much gaiety. Mrs. 
Woolworth and Miss Helen had a large number of ladies, both maids 
and matrons, to assist them in their duties, and the gathering was a 
most pleasant one, the rooms being well filled during receiving 
hours. The tea at Mrs. Crockett's was more informal, Mrs. Paul 
Jarboe being the chief guest. The especial interest attached to it 
was its being the occasion chosen for the announcement of Miss 
Alice Hobart's engagement to Mr. Winthrop Lester, of Santa 
Monica, which literally took away the breath of society for the 
moment, such a decided surprise was it to the young lady's friends 
and acquaintances. Of course the wedding will speedily follow, and 
will probably be one of the events of the Easter season. By some 
the news is regarded as an actual calamity, especially so by the 
beaux of society, within whose breasts hope has never been quite ex- 
tinct, no matter how many the gentle rebuffs they have received; 
and also by the vast crowd of those who delight in gay doings, the 
Hobart house having so far proved a veritable headquarters for all 
such, and the query now is: will these good times come again no 
more? Later on, in the spring season, there will be several "button" 
weddings, which are always such pretty affairs. The date of one of 
them, that of Miss Alice Tripler, has been set for the 5th of June, 
and it will be an evening ceremony, taking place at St. Luke's Epis- 
copal Church. 

The dancing reception given by Mrs. Wall and her daughters, in 
Oakland, on Saturday evening, in honor of Miss Jessie Glascock, 
was largely attended, a number of out San Francisco maidens ap- 
pearing among the "assistants," the others comprising the very 
cream of the Oakland young society people. 

Opera parties have been decidedly in favor since the commence- 
ment of the Ta vary season at the Baldwin, and the present week 
opened with one of the largest yet given, at which Mr. Schussler was 
the host as well as at the supper which followed the performance, 
and which was given at the Maison Doree. There have been a num- 
ber of others given during the week, and regret is expressed that the 
season should be such a short one. 

The winter of '94-5 will assuredly be one to date from in the future, 
for never since the settlement of the State have the denizens of this 
city had so much thunder crowded into such a short space of time. 
It has hitherto been looked upon as something of an exotic in San 
Francisco; this season it is rapidly becoming an old friend. It would 
seem also that the Saturday Morning Orchestra is to divide the 
honors with the Friday Night Cotillion Club, which has hitherto had 
the monopoly of the Storm King's attentions. The concert given by 
the young ladies of that organization in aid of the "Little Jim" fund, 
was the event of Tuesday night, and in spite of one of the worst 
storms of the month, was a most gratifying financial success. The 
Auditorium was more than well filled, society and fashion being 
therein large numbers, and the universal comment was, what won- 
ders that Scheel had accomplished with this band of society ama- 
teurs. The programme was a very good one and extremely well 

Teas and luncheons have again been in order this week. One of 
the largest teas, in defiance of dripping skies and wintry-like atmos- 
phere, was held by Mrs. J. Stern at her handsome residence, on 
Leavenworth street; and on Wednesday also the Misses Tucker 
were the hostesses of a very pretty luncheon, which they gave at the 
University Club, the Misses Heitshu, of Portland, Oregon, being 
their guests of honor. Last evening the Camera Club gave a very 
interesting entertainment at Metropolitan Hall. Captain Cochrane, 
of the United States Marine service, was the lecturer, his theme, 
"Scenes Strange and Sights Familiar," and the illustrations were 
very good. This afternoon Miss Clennie Kip gives a tea at the Kip 
residence, on Eddy street. This evening Mrs. Bachman's hand- 
some home, on Sutter street, will be the scene of a ball, which is 
given for the debut of her daughter, Miss Bacbman, into society life. 
Other pleasant entertainments of late have included Mrs. Frank Sul- 
livan's luncheon on Wednesday, the pink luncheon given by the 
Misses Schussler to eighteen of their young lady friends, and Gene- 
ral Dimond's dinner in honor of General Forsythe. 

Awarded Highest Honors World's Fair. 



The only Puro Cream of tartar Powder.— No ammonia; No Alum 
Used in Millions of Homes — 40 years the Standard. 

Next week promises to be well filled up with festive affairs. The 
Monday evening dancing class meeting at Lunt's Hall will be the 
opening event of the week, and among others to follow it are the 
Livingston-Morris wedding, at St. Luke's Church, on Wednesday ; 
the Bouvier calico party, at which the festivities will have a strongly 
Hallow E'en flavor— apples, nuts, games, etc., forming a part of the 
evening programme; the fancy dress cotillion of the Entre Nous 
Club, in the Maple Iloom of the Palace, and the Friday Night Cotillion 
Club dance at Odd Fellows' Hall the same evening. Several parties 
have been made up to attend the Inaugural ball at Sacramento, 
which will take place on Monday evening, the 28th inst. 

While teas and formal "at homes" are going on in fashionable 
circles, quiet receptions are also being held by many of our matrons. 
For instance, Mrs. Southard Hoffman is at home on Wednesdays in 
January at 2509 Pacific avenue, Mrs. Swift and Mrs. Norris on Thurs- 
days in January at their Valencia street home, Mrs. W. Alvord's day 
is Fridays in January, and Mrs. M. M. Estee and Miss Maud have 
chosen Tuesday, at 2291 Sacramento street. 

In spite of the multitude of other engagements society finds time 
to pay frequent visits to the old home of the Young Men's Christian 
Association, on Sutter street, to view the collection of paintings on 
exhibition therein for the benefit of the Maria Kip Orphanage. A 
favorite time to drop in is the tea hour, when one can enjoy a delicious 
cup of that beverage and exchange greetings with numerous ac- 
quaintances at the same time, and on Saturday evenings one is sure 
to meet many of one's friends, while music adds its charms to the 
other attractions of the place. 

The friends of Mrs. Oelricbs and Miss Fair are in the seventh heaven 
of delight over the news ot their having decided upon San Francisco 
for their permanent home in preference to New York, as. apart from 
the pleasure of always having them here, there is the prospect of un- 
limited feasting, festivity, and good times ahead as soon as their 
present period of seclusion is at an end. Mr. Oelrichs, who, with 
Miss Fair, is now in New York, is looked for back again in about ten 

A number of our recently married couples have returned from 
their honeymoon journeyings and are at home to their friends in the 
city. Dr. and Mrs. Henry Sanderson, n£e Gill, are at 2235 Broad- 
way, Mr. and Mrs. J. Hatfield Morton are at the Baldwin Hotel, and 
Mr. and Mrs. R. H. Sprague are at the California Hotel for the 
winter. Mr. and Mrs. Henry Newhall, who have been abroad for 
several years past, are the guests of Mrs. Newhall, Sr., on Van Ness 
avenue. Mr. and Mrs. H. B. Chase have been at the Palace Hotel 
during the present week. 

Three kinds, all of equal excellence: 

B TU t, An Eltra Dry Wine. 

Grand Vin Sec, ADrywme. 
Carte Blanche, a men wine. 

The Highest Grade Id the World . 

'Used by all the Leading Clubs, Hotels, and Restaurants, and may 

be nad of all First-Class Grocers and Wine Merchants. 


124 Sansome St. 


Januarv 10. 189:.. 


I»r. »n.l Mr*. CHnton Coahtng are among recent departures for 
. Delmas and her daughters are spending a few weeks at 
hSo. Mrs. Jeremiah Clarke accompanied Mrs. Lyman when 
"he went East to join her husband, and the whole party are at pres- 
ent in Chicago, whence corner ihe intelligence that both Mrs, and 
Roger are .(uite in love with PorkopoUl, and delighted with 
-urroundtngs— including the snow. Major Hates has gone 
• visit his family, who may possibly decide on coming out to 
Ban Francisco in the spring. The many friends of -Major and Mrs. 
Mayuardier will be glad to hear that Mrs. Maynardier la rapidly 
ring from her recent serious Illness. Colonel and Mrs. George 
H. Burton, who recently left San Francisco to take up their quarters 
in Washington City, gave a tea there last week for the purpose of in- 
roducing their second daughter. Mis? I.eila, into society. 

It is said that we are in danger of losiug several of our charming 
girls at the end of the season— not by Hymen's act, but for visits to 
friends. Miss May Hoffman, it is said, is meditating a trip to 
Memphis, Miss Nellie JollirTe to I-os Gatos, and Miss Friedlander to 
Egypt MiBS McKinstry's visit to Mrs. Henly Smith in Washington 
may be prolonged over the summer, and Miss Mary Eyre is reported 
to be on the eve of a visit to the Beales, in Washington. 

The Delmas family, not being able to indulge their hospitable in- 
clinations within the narrow limits of hotel apartments, have not 
been among the list of entertainers this winter, which may account 
for their withdrawal from society. A trip to Europe, however, most 
girls think, is more than an equivalent for a season in society, and 
that is what the Delmases have in contemplation after their sojourn 
in Southern California is ended. 


Mrs. Will Crocker is emerging from her seclusion at last, and 
society is devoutly hoping for some species of entertainment at her 
hands. It is not probable, though, that the California street man- 
sion will be thrown open to the Four Hundred until the Princely 
couple from across the seas are in California again, which time is set 
for the early spring. 

Mrs. Blanca Paulsen and Captain A. B. C. Dohrmann expect to 
leave for Europe the latter part of January. 

The Second Regiment of Artillery, N. G. C, will give its annual 
review and ball at the Mechanics' Pavilion this Saturday evening. 


E are here," say 8. & G. Gump. In view of the fact that 
they have announced a sale, early in February, of their 
famous collection of oil paintings, including some of the best 
works of American and foreign artists, it would be a wise move 
for Mr. de Young to secure some of them prior to the sale for 
decorating the walls of the Park museum, for which he has al- 
ready made many handsome collections. It is not likely that so 
good and convenient an opportunity to secure valuable paintings 
for this worthy purpose will occur soon again, and Mr. de Young's 
shrewd judgment will likely not prove wanting. 

MAYOR Adolph Sutro is not content with being simply Mayor 
of San Francisco. He thinks he is large enough to spread all 
over the United States, and has tackled Speaker Crisp with a 
piece of advice that must have caused the presiding officer of the 
House of Representatives to feel that California was some pump- 
kins and a squash. It requires a big majority and a few millions 
to stuff a man with conceit, sandwiched with a tilt with the 
Southern Pacific corporation. The Octopus has made him great. 

THE discovery that the fashionable Trinity Church, New York, 
owns a number of the worst tenement houses in that city, 
and that it does not maintain them in a fashion fit for human 
habitation, but grinds the occupants down to their last penny 
and permits those who remain to live in misery, has proved in- 
structive only as giving further proof of two things — first, that 
rich Christianity is a pleasant thing for rich persons; second, 
that poor Christianity is unable to cope with the power of that 
which is rich. 

MADAME YALE delivered a successful lecture at the Baldwin 
Theatre Monday afternoon. The house was packed, every 
seat and aisle and every other place where a woman could sit or 
stand being occupied. She will deliver another lecture this after- 
noon, at Oakland, and as all the seats have been sold there an- 
other packed house will be seen. 

MR. SCHEEL'8 elimination of wind instruments from the Satur- 
day Morning Orchestra appears to have been done without 
a full realization of the fact that the components of the orchestra 
are young women. 

Mes. de Verb — They say my daughter took her beauty from her 
mother. The Count— How shameful zat she should haf so deprived 

you. — Answers. 

Inobxy — I came within an ace of making a fortune once. Miss 
Foote — How was that ? Inchley— The other man had the ace. 

— Harlem Life. 


oiscov.rih or 


For the first time In the history of the world a 
discovery Is made that restores gray hatr to Its 
natural color without dye. Mme, M. Yale, that 
most, wonderful woman chemist and great scien- 
tist, is the discoverer. The Excelsior Hair Tonic 
is the remedy. 'Mme. Yale has placed It on the 
market for the benefit of the public, and guaran- 
tees it will restore the natural color back to the 
hair no matter how long It has been gray. The 
cure is permanent In everyway. It will also stop 
falling hair in from 24 hours to one week. It re- 
stores the hair on bald heads and creates a luxu- 
riant growth. It )b a guaranteed cure for every 
ailment of the hair or scalp. The whole world 
bows down to Mme. Yale'B discovery and to her 
great skill as a chemist, which has never been 
equaled by man or woman. The Eiceiaior Hair 
Tonic holds complete Bway over the human hair. 
There are no ailments which the batr is heir to 
that it cannot cure. Beware of imitations. See 
that every bottle is labeled "Mme. M. Yale's Ex- 
celsior Hair Tonic. Guaranteed to Kestore Gray 
Hair without Dve." Price $1 per bottle; 6 for $5. 

Sold by all Druggists. Mail orders promptly 
filled by 

MME. M. YALE, Chicago. 

It is beneath the dignity of any 
dealer to attempt to substitute 
my remedies. Should any 
one offer a substitute shun 
him as you would a snake. 
LEY & MICHAELS, and J. J. 
MACK & CO., Wholesale 
Druggists, San Francisco, are 
supplying the Retail Druggists 
of the Pacific Coast with a full 
line of MME. YALE'S Com- 
plexion and Health Remedies. 

Established 1879. 

411 Bush street. Opposite 
the New California Hotel. 
Best Equipped 
OVST£F{ ai?d CUKg? p/^COI^S. 

Large dining-room for ladleB. Sole depot for JOS . SOHLITZ MILWAU- 
KEE BEER. Imported European Beer from Buergerliches Brauhaus, 
Pilsen, Bohemia; Xctien Beer from Rizzi Culmbach, Bavaria. 


Sierra Nevada Silver Mining Company, 

Assessment No. 108 

Amount per Share --26 cents 

Levied.. January 16, 1895 

Delinquent in Office February 20, 1895 

DayofSaleof Delinquent Stock Marchll, 1895 

E. L. PARKER, Secretary. 
Office— Room 15, Nevada Block, 809 Montgomery street, San Francisco, 
California. __^_^__ 


Furnishes Clean Towels at Ihe following low rales: 

Clean Hand Towels each week, Jl.OOper month; 12 Clean Hand Towels 
each week, 11.50 per month; 4 Clean Roller Towels each week. 11.00 
6 month; 6 Clean Roller Towels each week, J1.26 per month. 



January 19, 1895. 


TIBURON FERRY— Foot of Market Street. 

WEEK DAYS— 7:40, 9:20, 11:00 A. m.; 12:85, 3:80, 

5:10, 6:30 p. m. Thursdays— Extra trip at 

11 :30 p. m . Saturdays— Extra tripB at 1 :50 aud 

11:30 p. M. 
SUNDAYS— 8:00, 9:80,11:00 A.M.; 1:30, 8:30,5:00, 

6:20 P. H. 


WEEK DAYS— 6:26, 7:55, 9:80, 11:10 A. M.; 12:45, 
3:4), 5:10 p.m. Saturdays— Extra trips at 1:56 
aud 6:30 p. M. 

SUNDAYS— 8:10, 9:40,11:10 A. M.;l:40, 8:40,6:00, 
6:25 P. M. 
Between San Francisco and Scnuetzen Park, 

same schedule as above. 


In Effect 
Ap'l 15, 1894. 







3:80 p.m. 
5:10 P.H. 

8:00 a.m. 
9:30 a.m. 


Santa Rosa. 

10:40 A.M 
6:05 P.M 

8:60a. m 








R:R0p. m. 



6:15 pm 

7:40 a.m. 

8:00 a.m. 

Pieta, Hop- 
land, Ukiah. 

7:30 p.M 

6:15 P.M. 

7:40 a.m. 
3:30 p.m. 

8:00a. M.JQuernevllle 


6:15 PM 

5:10 p.m. 

8:00a. K.I Sonoma |1O:40a.m. 18:60am. 
5:00p.m.| Olen Ellen. | 6:05p.m. |6:15pm. 

7:40 a. M 
3:30 p.M 

8:00a.m. I Sebastopol. 110:40a. m|10:30a.m 
5:00 P.M.I | 6;05p.m| 6:15p.M 

Stages connect at Geyserville for Skaggs 

Stages connect at Pieta for Highland Springs, 
Kelseyvllle, Soda Bay, Lakeport and Bartlett 

Stages connect at Uklah for Vichy Springs, 
Blue Lakes, Upper Lake, Lakeport, Bonneville, 
Greenwood, Orr's Hot Springs, Mendocino City, 
Fort Bragg, Usal, Westport, Canto, Willitts, 
Capella, Porno, Potter Valley, John Day's, Live- 
ly's, Gravelly Valley. Harris, Blocksburg, Bridge- 
viile, Hydesville and Eureka. 

Saturday-to-Monday Round Trip Tickets at re- 
duced rates. 

Oq Sundays, Round Trip Tickets to all pointB 
beyond San Rafael at half rates. 

TICKET OFFICE— Corner New Montgomery 
and Market streets, under Palace Hotel. 

Gen. Manager. 

R. X. RYAN. 
Gen. Passenger Agent 


Thbough Line to New York, via Panama. 

Calling at various ports of Mexico and Central 
From company's wharf. First aud Braunan Sts. 
S. S. " Acapulco," January 9, 1895. 
S. 8. "Colima," January 18, 1895. 
S. S. "San Bias," January 28, 1895. 
8. 8. "Sao. Juan," February 8, 1895. 
Connecting at Yokohama with steamers for 
Shanghai, and at Hongkong for 
India, etc. : 
8. 8. "China," via Honolulu, Jan. 15, 1895, at 

8. 8.' "Peru," February 2, 1895, at 3 p. m. 

8. 8. "City of Rio de Janeiro," Feb. 21, 1895, 

8. 8. "City of Peking," Thursday, March 14 
1895, at 3 P. M. 
Round Trip Tickets at reduced rates. 
For freight or passage apply at the Company's 
office, No. 425 Market street. 

General Agent 



Note change in hour of sailing. 

Steamers leave wharf at FIRST and BRAN 

NAN 8TREET8, at 8: 00 p. M. for YOKOHAMA 

and HONGKONG, connecting at Yokohama 

with Steamers for SHANGHAI: 

Bblgic Thursday, Jan. 24, 1895 

Oceanic (via Honolulu).. Tuesday. Feb. 12,1895 

Gaelic Tuesday, March 12, 1895 

Coitic Tuesday, April 23, 1895 

For freight and passage apply at Company's 
office, No. 425 Market street, corner FirBt. 

D. D. STUBBS. Secretary. 


ER eyes the sun- kissed violets male, 

And fearless is their gaze; 
She moves with graceful, careless gait 

Along the country ways. 
The roses blashiog in her cheek 

That ne'er decay Dor fade, 

A simple country maid. 
No flashing gems adorn her hair, 

Nor clasp her lily neck, 
No jeweled circlets, rich and rare, 

Her sun-browned bands bedeck; 
Rut pearly teeth through lips as red 

As reddest rubies gleam; 
The tresses o'er her shoulders spread 

A golden mantle seem, 
Her looks are kind, and sweet the smile 

That sparkles in her eyes; 
Her mind, her heart, are free from guile; 

She is not learned or wise. 
No worldly art, do craft has she 

Acquired, her charms to aid; 
And yet she stole my heart from me, 

This simple country maid. 

SNOBLEY— Aw— aw— it must be very 
unpleasant for you Americans to be 
governed by people — aw — whom you 
wouldn't ask to dinner. 

American Belle — Well, not more so, 
perhaps, than for you in England to be 
governed by people who wouldn't ask you 
to dinner. — Christian Register. 

WIFE— There will be a lot of cooks here 
to day in answer to that advertise- 
ment in the Whirl. 

Husband— Well, I am glad you are 
d eased up and got your jewelry so as to 
make a good impression on them. The 
first impression is everything. — Texas Sift- 
ing s. 

HU8BAND — I see plainly you want to 
get up a quarrel. And in the street, 
too. Wait, at least, till we are inside our 
own bouse. 

Wife — Impossible; I shall have cooled 
down before we get there. — La Famille. 

MR8. 8CRAPLEIGH (angrily)— Just 
look at the money you lose every 
Saturday night playing poker! 

Mr Sckapleigh (calmly) — Yes; and just 
look at the money you lose every Monday 
morning buyiDg " bargains."— Puck. 



ai Home, using or selling Uroy 
Plotcr.or ai.llLL'tini; tomls i"ur us 
in plate. We do all kin-i - of plat- 
ing at our works, manufacture I hi' 
materials and outfits, and teach 
the art. Weiell the only aomplele 
outfit, ini'ltiiline lathe, wheels, tools 
aud materials for polishing, prepar- 
iue, platinu and finishing evnry 
thing. Circulars and prices free 
Grny A- Vn.. I'luf Iny Work* 
IK'p't I, Columbus. Ohio. 



Coolgardle gold fields, 
fFremaotlel Australia; 
1220 first class, (110 
steerage Lowest rates 
Q. to Capetown, S. Africa 

O. S. 8. Company's 
steamers sail: 
8. 8. "AUSTRALIA," 
Jan. 21, 1895, at 10 a.m. 
and SYDNEY, 8. 8. 
■' ALAMEDA," Feb 7 

Cook parties to Honolulu, Jan 19, Feb. 16, Apr, 
4; reduced excursion rates. 

For passage apply to 138 Montgomery Street. 

For freight apply to 327 Market Street. 

J D. SPRECKELa A BROS. CO.. General Agts 


Bookbinder, Paper-Ruler, Printer, 

and Blank Book Manufacturer, 

516 Commercial St. - - Sau Francisco 

CTCATI^/IT 'Wewantamanlnercryloettl- 

C I t'j B IVC H j- ma, [,:vs i-rivi.e- Doutjtlve 



Trains Leave and are Due to Arrive at 


Leave | 

From Dec 20, 1894. 

I Arrive 

7 :00 a Atlantic Express, Ogden and Fast 6 :45 a 

7:00 a Benicia, Vacaville, Rumsey, Sac- 
ramento, aud Redding, via Davis 7:15 r 

7:30 a Martinez, Napa, Calistoga and 

*Santa Rosa 6 :15 p 

8:30 a Niles, Sau Jose, Stockton, lone, 
Sacramento, Marysville, Red Bluff 
and *Oroville 4 :15 p 

•7:15 p 

*8:30a Peters and Milton 

$9;0Oa '* Sunset Limited," Vestibuled 

Train through to New Orleans. . . I1:45p 

9:00 a New Orleans Express, 'Raymond, 
Santa Barbara, Los Angeles, Dom- 
ing, El Paso. New Orleans and 
East 5:45 p 

9:00 a Martinez and Stockton 10:45a 

1:00 p Niles. San Jose and Livermore . . *S:45 a 
. . . Niles, San Jose and Livermore. . . Ill :45 a 

"1:00 p Sacramento River steamers *9:00 p 

H:30p. Martinez and Way Statioos ... f7:45p. 

4:00 p Martinez, San Ramon, Vallejo, 
Napa, Calistoga, El Verano, aud 
Santa Rosa 

4:00 p. Benicia, Vacaville, Woodland, 
Knight's Landing, Marysville, 
Oroville and Sacramento.. 10:45a 

4:30 p. Niles. San Jose, Livermore, 
and Stockton 

5:00p. Los Angeles Express, Fresno, 
Bakersfleld, Santa Barbara and 
Los Angeles 10:46a. 

5 :00 p. Santa Fe Route, Atlantic Express, 

forMoJaveand East... 10:46 a. 

6:00 p European Mail, Ogden aud East, . 9:45a 

6:00 p. Haywards, Niles and San Jose. . 7:45a. 

(7 :00 P. Vallejo +7 :45 P. 

7:00p. Oregon Express. Sacramento, 
Marysville, Redding, Portland, 



PugetSound aud East. 

10:4a i 

Santa Cruz Divis i on (Na rrow Gauge). 

8:16a. Newark. Centerville, San Jose, 
Felton, Boulder Creek, Santa 

Cruz and way stations ... 5 50 p. 

*2:15 p Newark, Centerville, San Jose, New 
Almaden, Felton, Boulder Creek, 
Santa Cruz, and principal way 

stations *11:20a 

1:15 p. Newark, San Jose, Los Gatos 9:50 a. 

ill:45p. Hunters' train for Newark, Al- 
viso, San Jose, Los Gatos, and 

way stations |8 :05 p 

Coatt Division (Third aid Townsend Streets ^ 

6 :45 a. San Jose, New Almaden and Way 

Stations 1 :45 p. 

8:16 a. San Joce,TresPinos, Santa Crui, 
Pacific Grove. PaBO Robles, San 
San Luis Obispo and principal 

Way Stations 7.05 p. 

10:40a, Sau Jose, aud Way Stations ... . 5:06 p. 
11:45 A. Palo Alto and Way Stations.. 3:30 p. 
*2:20p. San Jose, Gilroy, Tres Pinos, 
Santa Cruz, Salinas, Monterey, 

PaciflcGrove *10:40a. 

*S:30 p. San Jose and Principal Way Sta- 
tions 9:47 a. 

*4:25p. Palo Altoand Way Stations.. *8:06a. 

5:10p. San Jose and Way Stations.... ... *8:48a. 

6:80 p. Palo Alto and Way Stations 6:86 a. 

fll:45p. Palo Alto and principal Way 
Stations -t7:38p. 


From SAU FKABIMC0— Foot of Market St. (Slip 8)— 
*7 00 8 00 9 00 *10 00 and 11 00 A. M., *12 30 
1100*200800*4 00500 and *6 00 p. M. 
From OAKLAND— Foot of Broadway. 

*6 00 *7 00 8 00 *9 00 10 00 and *11 00 A. M. 
U2 00 * 1 2 30 2 00 *3 00 4 00 and "5 00 p. M . 

a. for Morning. 

*Sunrtavp excepted. 

^Thursdays only. 

fSaturdays only. 


will call for and check baggage from hotels and 
residences. Enquire of Ticket Agents for Time 
Cards and other Information 


Dispatch steamers from San Francisco for, 
ports in Alaska, 9 a. m. p Jan, 20. Feb- 4, 19. 

For B. C. and Puget Sound ports, Jau 5, 10, 
15.20,25. Feb. 4. 

For Eureka, Areata, and Field's Landi ng ( Hum 
boldt Bay, Steamer "Pomona," Wednesdays, 

9 A. M. 

For Newport, Los Angeles and all way ports, 
Jan. 16, 20, 25, 2», aud every fourth day there 
after at 8 a. h. 

For San Diego, stopping only at Port Harford, 
Santa Barbara, Port Los Angeles, Redondo, (Los 
Angeles), and Newport, Jan. 18. 22, 27, 31, and 
every fourth day thereafter, at 11 a. m. 

For Ensenada, Magdaleua Bay, San Jose del 
Cabo, Mszatlau, La Paz and Guaymas (Mexico), 
steamer St Paul, 10 a. h, 25th of each month. 

Ticket Office— Palace Hotel, No. 4 New 
Montgomery street. 

GOOFALL, PERKINS & CO., Gen'] Agents, 
No. 10 Market street, San Francisco. 

p Utc ' 

B t NtVt I rlter Jm. in. iH^p 


Price P«p Copy, lO C«ni«, 

Annual Suharrlptton, %A OO. 


Vol. L 


Number 4. 

Printed and Published every Saturday by Ihe Proprietor, Fred 
Marriott, 606-609-613 Merchant Street, San Francisco. En- 
tered at San Francisco Post-office as Second Class Matter. 

The office of the News Lrtter in New York City is at the " Evt7iing 
Post " Building, 204-206 Broadway, Room 1, where information 
may be obtained regarding stibscripticn and advertising rates. 

STEWART MENZIE3, in his suit to oust Gunst from his seat 
as Police Commissioner, asks $5000 damages. If that has 
any meaning at all, it suggests that the stern old reformer ex- 
pected to cinch somebody to that extent during the interim, as 
there is only $100 per month attached to the office. 

IT is astonishing, seems almost incredible, but is probably true 
that the Japanese array has been defeated by the Chinese. 
They probably did not know that the Chinese were loaded, and 
muveJ upon their works as though they were dummies. The 
Chinese are said to hare been astonished themselves, which does 
not need confirmation. 

THE Valley Railroad is again a-boom and raging, and good Mr. 
Leeds's shrill whistle is scaring the jack rabbits of ths plains 
and stridulously assaulting Mr. Huntington's insensitive tym- 
panum. It would be a crying pity if after all we should be de- 
nied tbe roaring fun which the building and operation of that lit- 
tle road woald afford. 

LORD Randolph Churchill has gone painfully and miserably to 
bis last account, worn out while in tbe prime of life; and his 
uocieut enemy toasts his thin shins before the fire in Hawarden 
Castle, smiling grimly at tbe passing show and calmly awaiting 
the end of a long life that has been excessively laborious but ab- 
solutely clean and wholesome. 

A SPECIAL committee appointed by the Union League has 
secured the passage through tbe Assembly of a resolution to 
investigate frauds in San Francisco, and particularly frauds at tbe 
ballot-box at the late election. The resolution provides for a non- 
partisan committee with special powers, and the investigation is 
to be thorough, not with any intention of unseating Governor 
Budd, but to ascertain the extent of tbe frauds committed. 

HENRY E. HIGHTON, attorney for Alice Edith Blythe in tbe 
contested will case, has by no means given up the fight. He 
has filed a petition for a rehearing by the Supreme Court, princi- 
pally on the grounds that certain of the decisions upon wbicb the 
last adverse decision was based were made in suits in which Mrs. 
Blythe did not appear and to which she was not a party, and 
that the Court was not properly sitting in bank when that ad- 
verse decision was made. 

HAVING accepted as a special mark of Divine interposition in 
our behalf the destruction of the Florida orange crop by 
frost, we now observe that the value of this benefaction has be- 
come modified by the destruction of our grain crops in the low 
lands by floods. This, however, we charge to Satan, caring 
nothing for tbe fact that the people of Minnesota (who grow 
grain) are so ignorant as to call him God and the flood as a special 
providence in their behalf. They are almost as ridiculous as the 
people of Florida, who declare that it was Satan who Bent a frost 
to nndo them! 

A BILL has been introduced in the State Senate, and referred 
to the Retrenchment Committee, to abolish the Bureau of 
Labor Statistics. While there are too many of these "Com mis- 
sions," » ( Boards," and " Bureaus " for the public good in this 
State, and while this one has never been managed as it was in- 
tended, having been placed in charge of party pets and statesmen 
ont of a job, tbe party that abolishes it will call down the wrath 
of the twenty-three thousand industrials who are enrolled on the 
books of the labor organizations of this State. It is the only re- 
cognition they have ever had from the State authorities, and it 
was the result of agitation and instituted by a Democratic Legis- 
lature and administration. 

THE Chronicle warns the Legislature not lo allow Governor Budd 
a too free use of his pruning-knife, as his professions and bli 
acts indicate that be intends to make a record as an economist. 
Tbe members of the Legislature do not require any such advice, 
judging from the manner In which they have started out to loot 
the public treasury. 

ALL currency legislation has been in favor of the banker, while 
the depositor has been systematically neglected. Tbe ques- 
tion of runs on banks might be solved by a change in this system. 
8ecure the depositor, and bank failures by runs will cease. In- 
stead of drawing in a fright, be will go down into his stockings 
and his ash barrel and stand behind the bank to protect tbe money 
he has in it. An honest banker could not object to trying the 

THE appointment of Mr. Hinton to the position of Registrar of 
the city of San Francisco by the Governor would seem to in- 
dicate that Mr. Budd is not the man that the Governor was ex- 
pected to be by the enthusiastic workers in the campaign. He 
seems to have some sound ideas as to the "eternal fitness of 
things," and is building better than his party or his friends of 
former days expected. Mr. Hinton is a very respectable gentle- 
man, and one who will not be very easily bandied by the ring 

THE people of San Diego are demanding "recognition." They 
want a State Normal School, and Los Angeles thinks that San 
Diego ought to have it, as that county never had the benefit of a 
State institution. It has a Bowers, and what more should a peo- 
ple expect ? If every locality in the State must be appeased in 
the way of a State institution, we take advantage of the momen- 
tary silence to stand up as the champion of Milpitas as the most 
eligible locality for an asylum for disabled political bosses and 
bums. It would have to be extensive, but not necessarily palatial. 

JUDGE Stanton L. Carter, of Fresno, lately elevated to the 
bench through the death of Judge S. A. Holmes by appoint- 
ment, has created quite a stir among the attorneys by refusing to 
bave papers filed in his court designating it as the "Superior 
Court of Fresno County." He insists that the Superior Court is 
an office of the State, and directs that all papers should be filed 
in the name of the " Superior Court of California, in and for tbe 
County of Fresno." The young Judge clearly has the correct idea, 
although custom and all former practice are against him. It is a 
question that will have to be determined by the Supreme Court, 
and so determined as not to invalidate proceedings heretofore had 
in the process of litigation. 

THE State University desires an appropriation of $15,000 to ex- 
tend its forestry work, and this is certainly a very modest 
request. Professor Hilgard and -Mr. Shinn have demonstrated 
the great value of the forestry work of the University, their re- 
cently published report clearly proving the fact. Part of this 
appropriation is desired for ornamenting the Mount Hamilton 
grade with imported hard-wood trees and for establishing a 
nursery and plantation of such trees on the Blope of the moun- 
tain. This forestry work is eminently practical and valuable, as 
our native bard woods are scarce and inadequate, and practically 
ail our wood of this class for manufacturing purposes has to be 
imported at heavy expense. 

POOR old Dr. T. E. Tynan, of Modesto, Stanislaus County, is 
having a hard time of it. He was a man possessed of large 
properly interests, and was deemed wealthy. Some of his prop- 
erty was iu dispute, aod he was dragged Into litigation. To avoid 
persecution he quietly disappeared. It was supposed that be bad 
either been killed or committed suicide. Two years passed by. 
The Superior Court of that county adjudged him legally dead, 
and his property was divided among his relatives. The doctor 
again appeared upou the scene and demanded recognition, but the 
court refused to undo its work. He took an appeal to the Supreme 
Court, and that tribunal pleaded want of jurisdiction. Now this 
judicial corpse, being very much alive, no doubt wishes he were 
dead. If the courts were as much alive as he, there would be 
more business transacted. 


January 26, 1895. 


The Wealth As one of the gratifying results of the repeal of the 
of silver-purchasing provision of the currency law of 

Our Mines. 1890, the enormous increase in the production of 
gold in the States and Territories of the United 
States, west of the Mississippi River, for the year 1894, has been one- 
third greater than for the year 1893. It will be seea by the annual 
report of John J. Valentine, President of Wells, Fargo & Co. *a Ex- 
press, published in this issue of the News Letter, that Colorado and 
Montana have forged ahead in the most astonishing manner, and 
that the increase in California has been very gratifying. This report 
is one which furnishes valuable information to the public, and is 
reliable in reference to the output of the mines, without going into 
any of the details by way of explanation. During the past two years 
there has been more or less activity in the mines of California, and 
many valuable discoveries have been made and new mines put in 
operation. Added to this, the embargo placed upon hydraulic min- 
ing as a result of litigation between the valley farmers and the miners 
has been largely lifted as a result of compromise, as well as under 
the operations of the federal law providing for the impounding and 
care of mining debris. It is gratifying to know that a more friendly 
feeling exists between the farmers and the miners, and that all the 
rich hydraulic mines in the State will soon be in active operation. 
This will add largely to the wealth of the State. Colorado, Montana, 
and Idaho, as well as Nevada, have been known heretofore as silver- 
producing States, but during the past year they have made a hand- 
some showing as gold-producers, Colorado forging ahead of Cali- 
fornia. The aggregate output of these States and Territories, as given 
by this report for 1894, was $45,892,668— an increase of $11,943,945 
over that of the previous year. During the same period the produc- 
tion of silver decreased $9,720.507— almost equal in amount to the 
increase in gold production. There is no question but that the action 
of Congress in the demonetization of silver and in stopping its pur- 
chase by the Government, has had a stimulating effect in creating 
renewed activity in the mining industry in California, and it has 
demonstrated the fact that, although the rich placers have been 
worked out, there are many rich deposits yet undiscovered. While 
other industrial developments have occupied the attention and ener- 
gies of the people to an extent that over-production has reduced the 
profits, the precious metal always retains its value in the markets of 
the world. This revival of an industry that marked the first develop- 
ment in the history of the State, may yet lead to greater expansion 
in population and material wealth, which does not seem to have fol- 
lowed the introduction of pastoral pursuits to the satisfaction of 
those who have cherished hopes of a great empire on the Pacific 
Coast. All the most valuable improvements that have marked the 
progress of the State are the results of mining. A few small cities 
have been built, and some valuable industries have been established 
as the results of farming and fruit-growiig, but the greatest achieve- 
ments in commerce and architecture have come from the mineral 
deposits that have been discovered in the mountains and foothills of 
the Sierras. 

A Pleasing Aspect It is getting pretty low down in states- 
of the manship when partisan feeling rises to 

President's Character, the point of accusing the President of 
the United States with being in collusion 
with another nation and the dissatisfied Royalists of Hawaii to de- 
stroy the republic of that island. Because President Cleveland 
deemed it his duty to investigate the troubles there with the purpose 
of having justice done, no matter who might suffer, any excuse, no 
matter how flimsy or how unworthy, is made by his enemies to con- 
demn him. Having seen fit to order the war vessel from that island 
to a locality where greater dangers to American interests were in- 
volved, and there being no apparent necessity for it at Hawaii (as all 
seemed peaceful), he is charged with aiding the Royalists by this 
patriotic act. No wonder the statesmen of other nations are prophesy- 
ing the downfall of this republic on account of the extreme free 
license that the citizens possess and abuse. There is a tower of 
strength in respect for rulers and those in official position, but the re- 
verse is the custom and the practice among the people of the United 
States. There is something sublime and assuring in the utter dis- 
regard with which President Cleveland looks upon these fitful attacks 
upon his integrity and his fame, and when those who have seen fit 
to malign him have passed away, his administration will stand un- 
sullied in the face of the fierce light of history. 

The Spirit of During the past year we have noted many things 
Reform which indicated that order of restlessness out of 

Taking Shape, which comes reform. For the most part these 
reformatory efforts have been either the ex- 
pression of unintelligent incompetency and discontent, or the ravings 
ot the unwise for the unattainable. Above it all has hovered the 
spirit of discontent ; and from whatever source it has come, it has in- 
fested the whole body of the people, with various and divers results. 
The determination to discover and punish the election board scoun- 
drels of San Francisco, the "revolt" against the appointment of 
Moses A. Gunst as Police Commissioner, the prevalence of such 

mountebanks as Sutro, Gaden, Monteith, Dille.and Henry, the crazy 
appeal for money to build a "competing railroad''— all these things 
have a certain value as showing in a reflex way a general sentiment 
of reform. It is when hard times pinch that restless rascality makes 
itself manifest. Had not Pullman reduced the wages of his car- 
makers the great railroad strike would not have occurred, the Exam- 
iner's tramp petition against the Reilly Bill would not have been 
signed, and Adolph Sutro would have been inconceivable as Mayor 
of San Francisco. It is when ignorant people are ill that quacks 
reap a harvest; but quackery of specific kinds, although it may be 
succeeded by new kinds of quackery, invariably dies, and in dying 
leaves a lesson. Kearney died of his own prevalence, and Sutro will 
follow his example; more quickly forgotten will be the funeral of the 
mountebank Gadens, Monteiths, Dilles, and Henrys. It is more 
pleasant to look for reform in other directions. An esteemed law- 
less and anarchistic contemporary deplores the fact that the Chamber 
of Commerce, which embodies sufficient of the intelligence of the 
community to make us aware that not all of us are drunk or insane, 
ignored, in its recent important meeting, "the three great issues" 
before the people— the Reilly Funding Bill, M. A. Gunst's appoint- 
ment, and the San Joaquin Valley railroad. It ridicules the Chamber 
because it "took action" in the matter of the Hawaiian riot. Mean- 
while, the Merchants' Association has cleaned the streets and is de- 
termined to make the city look respectable, in spite of its Mayor; the 
Superior Court is running down and punishing election -board crim- 
inals, leaving the Gadens, Monteiths, Dilles, and Henrys for future 
consideration; and the Police Department will by some means be 
straightened out, despite the efforts to displace the one man who 
knows where to find and how to punish the rascality which pervades 
it. All things have their proper order and time; and even insanity 
and knavery — inevitable twin children of Reform— serve a useful 
purpose in the march of progress. 

The Grand Army The movement on foot to build another 
And Its Soldiers' Home in California suggests a wide 

New Possibilities, field of thoughtful discussion. It is now 
thirty years since the civil war ended, 
and in the nature of things a large majority of the actual veterans 
who were able to do service have been wreathed with a silver crown. 
They have arrived at the age of three-score years, and if those who 
have survived have been improvident or unfortunate in their worldly 
affairs, they should be cared for by the general Government ; but only 
those who suffered in the service have honest claims upon its gener- 
osity. Under the Dependent Pension law thousands have been en- 
rolled who received more benefi ts from the service than scars or disa- 
bilities. A Soldiers' Home is an asylum for many worthy veterans, 
and also for their wives, who have suffered by virtuous and loyal 
companionship. But it is remarkable that the demand increases as 
time moves on. The Grand Army of the Republic is an organiza- 
tion that cannot avoid the condition of ultimate extinction in time, 
and yet it has increased in membership during the past twenty years, 
while the muffled drum has marked the tread of the funeral escorts 
to thousands who have tented on the camping ground of the silent 
majority. There are many who have exhibited a spirit of resistance 
to time in a proud endeavor to accept and retain the small pension 
which they receive rather than yield it and become the inmates of an 
eleemosynary institution. There is an objection raised against the 
erection of another institution of this kind, on political grounds, be- 
cause it colonizes voters who pay no taxes for the support of the State 
government. There is irony in such an objection when contemplat- 
ing the existing condition of the elective franchise. There are thou- 
sands of worthless bummers, vagrants, not to say criminals, in all 
large cities, who pay no taxes and vote early and often, against whom 
no such objection is advanced. They have done nothing for society, 
for home, for State, or country but bring them into disrepute, and 
yet they are courted and taken into the nursery of all parties in their 
work of political infamy. 

George C. Perkins The Hon. George C. Perkins is Senator. He 
Chosen was chosen on Tuesday last by a majority 

For The Senate, vote of both the Senate and the Assembly of 
the State of California, and on Wednesday 
the joint convention of the two houses confirmed the result. The 
eleciiou of Mr. Perkins was merely the recording of the will of the 
people, and was almost tantamount to a popular vote. When serious 
doubts were reported as to the result, meetings were held in several 
counties and resolutions passed instructing their representatives to 
support him. It almost amounted to a popular demonstration in the 
interior and a flattering exhibition of his personal popularity. Aside 
from the fact that he had made a personal canvass in behalf of his 
party throughout the State, his position as United States Senator by 
appointment gave him a prominence that called around him many 
friends. Mr. Perkins is a representative citizen of the State, and his 
interests are all in California. He came to this coast in early days a 
poor boy, and became identified with the mining interests in the 
northern part of the State. He afterwards engaged in mercantile 
business in Oroville, and his first advent into public life was as a 
representative of Butte County in the State Senate. He afterwards 
became a member of the firm of Goodall, Perkins & Co., who for a 
long time have been extensively engaged in coast transportation. In 

January 26, 1895 . 


1880 he was elected Governor of the state, and whfle his admtnts* 
trmtion wm not marked by any particular brilliancy. It wu a con- 
servative and economical one. and a credit to the Kieeutive. I poo 
the death of Senator LeUnd Stanford, Mr. Perkins was appointed to 
fill the vacancy until the Legislature should meet, and he has just 
received the endorsement at the hands of the Legislature. Mr. 
Perkins is a man of good Judgment, honest to his parpoaea and 
intentions, aud has the advantage of a wide experience in boslneBfl 
affairs, in all of which he has been successful. His knowledge of sea 
coast a 9 airs and his ac piaintance with the people, coupled with bis 
connection with transportation matters cives the assurance that the 
State will not suffer for want of recognition by the Federal (Jovern- 
ment with a champion so well equipped for the duties before him 
Naturally Mr. Perkins is modest and conservative. He is not in- 
clined to be violently aggressive, but possesses the courage of his 
convictions. He has the confidence of the people, and while he was 
not the first choice of the News Lkttkr, we rejoice with the people 
and believe they will not regret having bestowed upon him the dis- 
tinguished honor. His services in the past are a sufficient guarantee 
that be will sustain the diguity of the State and labor faithfully for 
its highest and best interests. 

The Court Should The notorious fact that corrupt politics is 
Be Taken often a factor in the selection of Superior 

Out of Politics. Judges in this State, and that not infre- 
quently a very strong suspicion of the in- 
tegrity of these functionaries prevails, ought to be sufficient to make 
good citizens cast about for a remedy. It was an open scandal that a 
candidate for Superior Judge in this city recently paid a hundred 
dollars to a political boss for the nomination to the Superior Court. 
That the best, cleanest, and proudest lawyers generally shrink from 
entering into a political struggle for this very honorable office is a 
matter to make thoughtful men ponder; and certainly it cannot be 
pleasant for lawyers of that class to practice before some of the 
Judges who have floundered through political mire to office. Hence 
the following suggestion should receive the serious attention of high- 
class lawyers particularly, and we should be glad to receive and pub- 
lish their views concerning it: Let the judges of all the courts be ap 
pointed instead of elected. Let an amendment to the Constitution 
be framed and submitted, providing that the Governor shall appoint 
the Supreme Judges, the Supreme Court appoint the Superior 
Judges, and possibly the Superior Court appoint Police Judges and 
Justices of the Peace. Under the present organization of the Supreme 
Court the Governor would never have the power to appoint a full 
bench to carry out any corrupt scheme of his own, and the appoint- 
ment of Superior Judges by a majority of the Supreme Court could 
be arranged in such a way as not to give the Supreme Court an 
opportunity to appoint too large a number of Superior Judges at one 
time. The President appoints the Judges of the Federal District and 
Circuit Courts, and by reason of this fact alone they are of a much 
higher grade than our Superior Judges, and are free from suspicion 
of corruption. We trust that this suggestion will be carefully con- 
sidered and freely discussed, with a view to action by the present 

A Way to Escape If the ingenuity and patriotism of California 
From a are not sufficient to discover and adopt a way 

Grave Difficulty, out of the Police Commission tangle, it is ab- 
surd to make a pretense of possessing that 
wisdom which must underlie all virtue. Commissioners Tobin and 
Alvord were appointed by a court which was legislated out of exist- 
ence, and hence the absurd situation of their having a life tenure. 
The fault is not with the courts, which have decided the matter 
clearly within the law. If a remedy comes it must be from the Leg- 
islature. It would not be a difficult matter for that body to repeal 
the law under which these two Commissioners were appointed, and 
at the same time enact another giving the Governor, the Mayor, or 
the Board of Supervisors the power to appoint Commissioners for a 
definite term, preferably in rotation, so that there should always be 
two experienced men on the Board. It is difficult to see, however, 
why the Governor should have anything to do with the appointment 
of Police Commissioners for San Francisco. It might be said that 
we should depend on the new charter for a remedy, but as it would 
be a long time before the charter could be put into operation, it is 
urgent and proper that the Legislature take action now for the pres- 
ent emergency. The San Francisco members might display some 
intelligence and worth by bringing up the matter without delay and 
working faithfully for its successful issue. Surely no opposition 
whatever would be encountered. 

The Brooklyn Strike The trolley strike in Brooklyn is a duplica- 
And Its cation, on a small scale, of the great rail- 

Fierce Lawlessness, road strike of last July. Brooklyn has ex- 
perienced some of the same sort of lawless- 
ness that prevailed in Oakland and Sacramento for a week or two 
last summer, when the A. R. U. set the laws and the authorities at 
defiance, interrupted traffic, terrorized the public, and inflicted on 
the State losses to the amount of millions of dollars. The majority 
of the press of Brooklyn, it appears from the dispatches, have sided 
with the law-breakers, as did most of the California newspapers when 

u giving orders ill tnonthsafoto ' Ueup '.ill trains, i hough 
the striken bare cut trolley wire*, obetructed the tract 
motor*, beaten non-union irorkcre, and Brad upon the mil I Us, newa- 
p tpan are ready t" excuse theee riotous and orimlnal aoti upon the 
plea thai the " soulless " car company had bean axaoiing In 
tu mdi upon the men, and wa<. otherwise at fault, it li probable Ihal 
the strikers have ;» real grievance. Bat, however great the hardshlpi 
to which they may have I ■■ i. than oan be no JnsUfli 

for acta of violence against the corporation or i! No 

wrongs of labor can be in such ways redre sse d. The strikers are en- 
gaged in a conspiracy for which the law Imposes severe punishments, 
and every newspaper defending their illegal acts is morally as guilty 
as the perpetrators themselves. An uprising against law Is subver- 
sive of liberty, for there ran be no liberty without law. This country 
will fast drift into anarchy if riot and bloodshed be do! only 63 
bat virtually encouraged by the daily press. The newspaper pro- 
prietors and editors, who are helping to sow the seeds of rebellion 
against law and order, will have none but themselves to blame should 
their own properties be some day wrecked in a popular uprising. It 
is certainly as excusable for a dissatisfied pressman to wreck a f 10.000 
press as for a striking street-car employee to cut a trolley wire or de- 
rail a car. 

Congress There are now five schemes presented in Congress for 
and the a reform in the currency. Two of these are in the 
Currency. Senate and three in the House, and each one of them 
provides that the Government shall cease being a 
banker. The retirement of the greenbacks seems to be the funda- 
mental principle of currency reform, and yet the bankers, in their 
Baltimore plan, ignored this question because they did not seek to 
regulate the Government's financial policy apart from the banking 
business. They preferred to leave the questiou of legal tender to be 
settled by Congress in its own way and time. Had they demanded 
such a radical thing they would have been charged with a desire to 
rid all other currency out of the way of a monopoly of the field and 
thus fasten themselves like bloodsuckers on the community. While 
such a line of reform may be the proper one, it would only be defeated 
by haste at a time like this. The public mind is not in a healthy 
condition. In prosperous times such changes could be made without 
disturbing business or creating alarm. Under present conditions it 
is best to permit reformers of every character to advance their 
theories, while the cautious and experienced will hold the balances 
against any disasters of a radical character. The silver advocates 
are the most aggressive, although Mr. Bland has retired from an 
active warfare. Senator Jones is recognized as an able financier, and 
when he presents his bill, which provides among other things for the 
free coinage of silver, he will be very apt to create a sensation. As 
an advocate he is plausible, and as an antagonist he is dangerous. 
There seems to be an impression among the members of Congress 
that some measure will be adopted before the session ends. 

Proposed Probably the most bitter fight that will be made in 
Liquor the Legislature during the present session will be in 
Legislation, opposition to the bill introduced on Monday last 
providing for a uniform license law regulating the 
sale of intoxicating liquors. The bill provides for three classes of 
cities and counties. The first class is to pay an annual license tax of 
$100, the second class $200, and the third class $300. It takes the 
power of regulation out of the hands of Boards of Supervisors and 
municipalities, thus depriving communities of the right of local 
option. While such a law would do away with much agitation that 
has created bad blood in small communities, as well as expense in 
litigation, there remains the question of constitutionality. The 
Supreme Court has practically decided that, under the Constitution, 
cities and incorporated towns have a right to regulate police affairs, 
independent of the action of county Boards of Supervisors, and the 
proposed law must be constructed on constitutional grounds or it 
will only make "confusion worse confounded." The liquor organiz 
ations are strongly represented in the Legislature, and while this 
bill may only be a feeler, the enactment of some law to put a stop to 
the agitation is a "consummation devoutly to be wished." 

Retrenchment There seems to be a real, genuine spirit of 
Urged reform among the members of the present 

By the Governor. Legislature, although it was not indicated in 
the lavish manner in which they supplied the 
committees with clerks who have nothing to do but draw their pay. 
The reforms in contemplation, and urged by the Governor, who does 
not hesitate to present his views to the committees, are of a more 
weighty character. He wants the powers of the State Board of 
Examiners enlarged, so that all accounts not in the list of salaries 
established by law shall pass through the Board of Examin- 
ers before going to the Controller. He also asks that the prisons and 
Reform Schools be placed under the supervision of one Board, thus 
doing away with an army of salaried officers and attache's who are 
feeding from the public treasury. He also urges the same action in 
regard to the Insane Asylums and other eleemosynary institutions. 
He is heartily supported by the Hon. T. G. Phelps, Chairman of the 
Retrenchment Committee of the Assembly. 


January 26, 1895 . 


THERE is always great curiosity to know how sleight-of-hand 
tricks are performed, and as Herrmann has brought some new 
ones to 8an Francisco it is interesting to speculate on the manner 
in which he operates them. I shall make an analysis of them, 
but as I have no knowledge of his secrets the guesses whioi I 
make must be taken for what they are worth. 

The Noah's Ark trick is this: A roomy box is supported on 
four stout legs several clear feet above the stage. At each end of 
tbe box (the side of which is presented to the audience) is a com- 
partment representing the bow and stern of a vessel. These 
swing freely downward on hinges, and are so swung when tbe 
front and rear sides of the box are opened to show that it is 
empty. The box is then closed, the hinged compartments swung 
up and carefully secured, and several buckets of water are poured 
into the box, until it apparently runs over. Then two empty 
boxes, about the size of a five gallon oil tin, and closed at one end 
with a door, are secured to two apertures in the front of the box. 
Then Herrmann takes from them a large number of ducks, 
chickens, pigeons, two dogs, two turkeys, and a pig, and at the 
close Madame Herrmann herself emerges from tbe top. It seems 
to me that Madame Herrmann might have been stowed in one of 
the swinging end compartments and the fowls and animals packed 
In the other, and that after emerging from her compartment she 
released tbe creatures from the other and passed them out to her 
husband. Some of them come out lame, indicating that tbey 
were packed very tightly— too tightly, perhaps, to cry. Tbe water 
poured into the box might have passed down a hollow corner 
standard and thence down through one of the legs to a receptacle 
beneath the stage. 

The Artist's Dream is more mystifying. A life-size painting of 
a young woman in a swing is shown in a frame, the only evident 
peculiarity of which is apparently a black wooden back instead 
of the reverse side of the canvas. There is no room in the frame 
fur the concealment of a woman. It is placed upon a high easel, 
underneath which there is a generous clear space. A curtain is 
then drawn over it, and when pulled back the painting is seen to 
have become a living woman, who first sings and then steps down 
and walks about. She and the picture exchange places several 
times, always behind the curtain. Clearly there is no employ- 
ment of mirrors to project her image; it is a genuine physical sub- 
stitution. How is the substitution made? It may be observed 
that the easel has one peculiarity that does not belong to an ordi- 
nary easel. This is a horizontal board fourteen to sixteen inches 
wide, tbe ends secured to the standards of tbe easel, which is a 
very substantial structure. The easel is ingeniously placed on 
the stage in such a way that if the board were one side of a box 
in which the young woman lies concealed no one in the audience 
could see it. If she is bidden there she could emerge behind the 
curtain-covered picture, reverse the canvas, introduce a swing, 
extend the wooden back of the picture, and tnus find room to 
seat herself in the swing secured to the frame. A reversal of this 
operation would restore the painting to its place. 

The Asiatic Trunk Mystery is the most effective of all; 
guessing here has to be exceedingly vague. Two trunks are pro- 
duced and thoroughly exhibited, and are seen to be empty. Two 
girls are introduced, one short and the other tall. Tbe short one, 
while standing, is placed in a bag, the mouth of which is closed, 
tied, and sealed above ber head. She is then placed in tbe smaller 
trunk, which is locked; this trunk is placed in the larger trunk, 
which in turn is locked and is further secured with straps, which 
are sealed. During all this operation the taller girl sits in view 
on the stage. Tbe trunks are placed on the floor of an open cabi- 
net which ha<i a clear space underneath. The taller girl steps 
upon the floor of the cabinet, the curtains of which are then 
dropped, and in fifteen seconds the two girls have exchanged 
places — the shorter one is standing free, and when the two trunks 
are unstrapped and unlocked and the sealed bag opened the taller 
girl is discovered therein. Unless, when the curtain is lowered, 
the taller girl turns the trunks upon tbe side and opens them 
through the bottom, releases the shorter girl through the bottom 
of the bag, gets into it herself and is placed in the trunks by the 
shorter girl, it is difficult to understand how the trick is done so 
quickly — generally in less time than fifteen seconds. The straps 
and the bottoms of the trunks might be contrived to that end. Of 
course this guess presupposes the two girls to be remarkably deft 
and somewhat strong, but nothing impossible in those lines is 
seen in the conditions. The quickness with which the whole 
trick is performed shows that the position of the girls in the 
trunks must be uncomfortable, if not dangerous. 

Of course these are all guesses, and none of them may be cor- 
rect. Assuming that they are, they are fully as ingenious as 
Herrmann's "Vanishing Lady," which be exhibited so success- 
fully a number of years ago; but although as ingenious and 
spectacular, tbey are hardly so effective. In that famous trick a 
woman sat in a chair placed on newspapers spread over a con- 
siderable area under tbe pretense of making the use of a trap-door 
impossible. A large cloth was then thrown over her, completely 
c )vering ber and the chair, and it was stretched out all around 
aad the edges pinned to the carpet. When this (which required 
several minutes) was done, Herrmann went behind the chair, and 

bringing bis hands violently together against the figure, collapsed 
the cloth; upon lifting it he showed that the chair was empty, 
and yet up to tbe moment of his striking the figure the configur- 
ation of the woman's head and shoulders was discernible under 
the cloth. Immediately after the collapse the woman emerged 
upon the stage from the wings. The trick was done thus: While 
throwing the cloth over her Herrmann instantaneously covered 
her with a wire frame which fitted closely over her head and 
shoulders, and which was attached in a previously collapsed state 
to a standard planted in tbe stage and concealed behind tbe 
chair. Hence it was not the woman's form, but the wire frame, 
that was seen outlined under the cloth. She and the chair and 
newspapers sank on a trap while he was agitating the cloth in 
the pinning process, she stepped off underneath tbe stage and 
ascended to the wings, the chair was returned empty to its place, 
and the wire frame was then collapsed, the cloth raised, and tbe 
vacant cbair discovered. During the time of her and the chair's 
absence the wire frame, held by the standard, supported tbe 
cloth and gave tbe appearance of tbe woman still sitting in place. 
In this trick the old device of a trap-door was employed, but in 
his three new ones it apparently is not. Substitutions and dis- 
appearances without the aid of a trap-door or reflectors is tbe 
must difficult of things, and Herrmann's genius in accomplishing 
them is wonderful. Amateur. 


THE attention of property owners and people interested in real 
estate generally, has been attracted for weeks past to the 
great auction sale of the Ryer Estate lots on Market street, by 
G. H. TJmbsen & Co. In consequence, there was an unusually 
large attendance at the appointed hour. It is long since any 
Market street property has been offered, and people wanted to 
get a modern view of prices in this valuable section of town. 
The property offered was that on the northeast corner of Market 
and Stockton, 70 feet on Market and 113 feet on Stockton, renting 
for $2620 per month; and tbe southwest corner of Market and 
Third streets. The last lot was finally withdrawn, but the Market 
and Stockton street lot was sold to the Phelan estate for $451,000. 
The price is considered a good one by leading real estate men. 

THE superb portrait of 8enator Perkins which constitutes the 
frontispiece of this issue is a reproduction of a photograph 
taken by Taber, as also have been the other photograph portraits 
which have appeared in recent issues of this paper. The one of 
Mr. de Young, published last week, seemed to represent the 
highest achievement of the photographer's art, but the one of 
Mr. Perkins will by some be deemed even a finer accomplish- 

WE have received from the State Mining Bureau Bulletin No. 
5, being a very exhaustive and instructive study of the 
cyanide process of extracting gold and silver. It was written by 
Prof. A. 8cheidel, and is a book of one hundred and thirty-three 
pages. Those interested in the subject may obtain a copy free 
upon application to the State Mining Bureau, 24 Fourth street, 
San Francisco. Those living outside the Slate should forward 

THE numerous friends ofZenas W. Dodge have been congratu- 
lating him on his admission by the Supreme Court to tbe 
practice of the law. His well-known abilities will no doubt bring 
him into early prominence, as he is well qualified in all ways to 
take a leading place in his chosen profession. 

THE February number of Outing contains a spirited contribu- 
tion by Arthur Iukersley, of this city (a frequent contributor 
to the News Letter's columns), on " Graeco-Roman Games in 
California," in which the Circus Maximus of last April is critically 
described and analyzed. 

WE take care of our health, we lay up money, we make onr 
roof tight and our clothing sufficient, but who provides 
wisely that he shall not be wanting in the best property of all- 
friends. — Emerson. 

FOR my own part, I call education not tbat which smothers 
women with accomplishments, but that which tends to con- 
solidate a firm and regular system of character, tbat which tends 
to form a friend, a companion, and a wife. — Hannah More. 

A Remarkable Woman. 
The late Mme. Pommery was in every respect a most remarkable 
woman. Upon tbe death of ber husband she assumed the entire 
management of her vast interests, and it has been her life's ambition 
to make the wine bearing her name the wine of the real aristocracy. 
Of course the partiality shown by the Prince of Wales to Pommery 
tended much to render her efforts in this direction successful. How 
well she has succeeded is apparent to all. Her discerning judgment 
in appointing the right man to the right place was one of the most 
striking traits of her character. Confident that Pommery could 
rely upon its own merits, none but the legitimate channels were 
used in placing it before tbe public. The firm of Veuve Pommery 
Fils & Co. now consists of the following members: Louis Pommery, 
Henry Vasnier, tbe experienced directeur, and the Comtesse de 

January SO, 1895. 



ICARRIKD a volume of Pu Maurier't — TW6y by Dims— to the 
Barbary Coast the other nignt. and as X sat Id ooe of tbe an- 
cient resorts quaffing " unixxt," I read, in my enthusiasm, several 
of Us pages to the friends there whom I own. Of course, I inter* 
preted tbe plot as 1 went along — out of some necessity. It was 
an odd adventnre and I resolved to repeat II in other resorts. I 
give tbe result. 

Baruaky Coast. 

M a . — •• Say, Pete, I'm just like thatl A feller shook me once, 
and bis name was Billy — just like that. Me father was a parson, 
and this feller was a rich man's kid from New York. Me folks 
was living on tbe banks of tbe Hudson. Tbey was proud, me 
folks was, of Isnibly pride, and me folks refused I should marry 
him. We run off, and I was only a kid and be deserted me. And 
say, I thought Kansas City was <*od's country, and that's how I 
got out there. But, say, I think that girl in your book was a fool." 

Jdxia — "Hush your business, Mag! She wasn't no fool. Tbe 
old lady in tbat book fixed her to let Billy alone. Yon get on to 
that right off. I worked a racket just like tbat myself once, and 
tbe bluff went. You can see in the book Pete's reading how ber 
bluff went. Taffy stood in with her because be was chasm' the 
chip — see? Why, I'm dead on to tbe combination. You talk 
about your New York sport — be wasn't in it witb my first mash. 
We took a trip up through the Lakes after we got married, and 
he got drowned in tbem waterfalls near Buffalo. I was pretty 
glad. He chewed tobacco, and I was yonDg and delicate and 
didn't like things like that. 1 hadn't got used to it. Then I 
skipped off to Toronto. His uncle wouldn't ship the remains 
West, and I was scared about tbe undertaker holding me. I got 
married again in Ottawa — say, ain't that a jay, Pete? — just 
like this I Then I come oat here witb a drummer. You can see 
all through tbat book Trilby didn't know her business. She ought 
to have got married right off, quick, and not have backed down 
when the old lady squalled. Her picture ain't good-looking any- 
how. She'd lithograph belter than she photographs." 

Santa Clacs Boarding House. 

Mas. Chypre (at dinner) — "Oh, Mrs. Rashley, I enjoyed your 
Trilby yon lent me so much! I loaned it to my mother. But 
she'll bring it back to-morrow. Ain't it lovely I I just think it's 
beantiful at the ending part. It just made me cry. Tbe pictures 
were lovely in it — weren't they ? I don't think she was so pretty, 
though — do you ? No, 1 think thin, tall women like that are too 
prominent. He onght to have made her a little woman, I'm 
glad I'm not tall 1 I don't like her like I liked Lucille. Why, 
yon know Lucille I I loaned it to yon. Why don't tbat waiter 
bring that soup.' I'm getting tired of this house. I told Charley 
last night he'd got to change. I like a change, don't yon ? Every- 
body was saying Trilby was so bad, but I didn't see, except in 
one place. I thought she must belike Sarah Bernhardt, or some- 
body like tbat, before I read it, but I was so disappointed from 
what you said." 

Mas. Kashley (from Chicago) — " My dear Mrs. Cbypre, I assure 
you that the character which l)u Maurier has portrayed is exqui- 
site. Why, in our Browning Club we once discussed the portrayal 
of Mrs. James Brown Potter and that of Cacuille, and It reminds 
me so much of Trilby ; all three are types. The author wishes to 
tonch delicately on scandal in Trilby, just as Thackeray did in 
Oliver Twist. The veil of delicateness can not be drawn too 
smoothly. Have you ever seeD Camille f Oh 1 it is so grand, so 
noble I Yon had ought to have seen it! I have seen Henry Irv- 
ing in Shakespeare's play of The Bells, and I don't believe I was 
so much moved as I was by Clara Morris in Camille. To under- 
stand the high art in Trilby yon have to think of the higher nature. 
To a pure woman Trilby is tbe objective and not the subjective — 
that's tbe way Dr. Swing wonld say. She is beneath us, and we 
mast consider her as one of the flowers that grow by the wayside; 
bnt she is a picture. (Behind her fan). Say,.do yon see Signor 
Tankerelli coming inl He's talking to Mrs. Eglantine! Wouldn't 
her husband be mad I If there's an elopement in that family it'll 
be his fault. If I was a husband 1 wouldn't have a opera singer 
round my folks — I mean my family. It doesn't look proper. I 
don't like bim one bit. We asked him to come np to the rooms 
and sing, and he said he would, but he didn't. Say, I don't think 
she's a bit pretty, do yon ? " 

Pacific Hiiohts. 

Evelyn (aged fourteen) — " Mand, I want that book, and I will 
have it! " 

Maud (aged eighteen)—" But mamma said yon weren't to have 
it. She let yon read it in the magazine." 

Evelyn— " Let me read itl Why, she spoiled the whole of 
Trilby! She wouldn't let me read tbe March number. I've got 
to be examined on it next Friday, and Miss East says tbat it is 
a contribution to English literature. She says all the girls in Miss 
Pond's school have read it aloud by turns, and that we ought to 
know it." 

Madd— •■ Bnt don't yon know enough of it from what you read 
in the magazine parts ? " 

Evelyn— "Of oonrse I don't! How can I? I told Miss East 

that I hadn't read the March number, and she told me I hadn't 
got the Key to Trilby's Nature. Now, how am I to get II II I 
don't read the book? My examination will be spoiled!'' (Aril 
\ebrmrntly at m wrt tfl rnttrt ) 

Maid — " Mamma, dear, they are going to have an examination 
on Trilby at Kvelyn's school. Don't you think tbat Is very wrong? 
Evelyn will bave to read up on It, she says— and you know what 
you said." 

MAMMA— "Yes, 1 know, dear; but everybody's reading it. I 
met so many people last night at tbe dinner who were talking all 
about her character. I heard that tbe ministers were going tj 
preach sermons about It. I guess Evelyn bad better bave it. 
The Jones girls go there, you know, and they have read it. I 
thought It was stupid, myself, and I don't see wby people make 
such a fuss! Oet tbe book, and let Evelyn have it. I guess she 
won't see the point, anyway." 

( Whereupon Evelyn reads " Trilby/') Curtain. 

Henry Bioelow. 


THE lady whose picture appears on our cover this week, is 
without doubt tbe leading authority on skillful and economi- 
cal household cookery in the country. Her lectures on this sub- 
ject at the Food Exposition in Boston, New York, Chicago, and 
elsewhere were attended by thousands of lady auditors. It is 
stated, as a result of Mrs. Lincoln's lectures and practical demon- 
strations, that in many households a notable improvement has 
occurred in that important but often neglected department, tbe 
kitchen. For this reason, men as well as women should be inter- 
ested in the lectures to be given by Mrs. Lincoln each afternoon 
at the California Pure Food Exposition, to be held at the 
Mechanics' Pavilion January 28tb to February 16th. That tbe 
ladies of San Francisco, who in common with the fair sex else- 
where have taken np tbe prevailing cooking fad, enthusiastically 
welcome Mrs. Lincoln's appearance, goes without saying, and for 
the past few weeks her name aud capabilities have been widely 
discussed at teas and other places where women " most do con- 

To the general public the attractions to be presented at tbe Food 
Show are quite as enticing as Mrs. Lincoln's lecture to the ladies. 
These attractions include a good display of food products by lead- 
ing merchants and manufacturers, afternoon concerts by Cas- 
sassa's famous band, and those great crowd gatherers, Living 
Pictures, without wbicb no passing show in these days is com- 
plete. Taking all these allurements into account, it is fair to an- 
ticipate tbe attendance of the old-time crowds of the palmy days 
of the Mechanic's Fairs at the Food Exposition next week. 

SCIENCE is, I believe, nothing but trained and organized com- 
mon sense, differing only as a veteran may differ from a raw 
recruit, and its methods differ from those of common sense only 
so far as the guardsman's cnt and thrust differ from the manner 
in wbicb a savage wields his club T. H. Huxley. 

THE hand is the mind's only perfect vassal; and when, through 
age or illness, the connection between them is interrupted, 
there are few more affecting tokens of human decay. — Tuckerman. 

——Whatsoever that be within ns that feels, thinks, desires, 
and animates, is something celestial, divine, and, consequently, 
imperishable. — Aristotle. 

——It is much safer to reconcile an enemy than to conquer 
him ; victory may deprive him of his poison, but reconciliation 
of his will.— Feltham. 

Envy is a passion so full of cowardice and shame, that 

nobody ever had the cowardice to own it Rochester. 

A bonanza for agents. Something new. Burglar alarm door bell. 
Secure county rights in California. Send stamp for circular. T. J. 
Stephens, 406 Montgomery street, San Francisco. 

Perrier-Jouet & Co. 


For sale by all first-class Wine Merchants and Grocers. 

W. B. CHAPMAN, Sole Agent for Pacific Coast, 

X83 California Street. 


January 2&, 189&. 


*' We Obey no Wand but Pleasure's."— Tom Moore, 

IT is a tine treat to have Herrmann with as once again, and evi- 
dence of our appreciation is seen in the packed houses at the 
California Theatre this week, with large theatre parties at every 
performance. Herrmann's name may not be Herrmann, but un- 
doubtedly he is the greatest living prestidigitator, and shines with 
a glory not dimmed by memories of Houdin, Anderson, and the 
-original Herrmann. For perhaps twenty-five years the writer of 
this critique (who knew also the great Wizard of the North) has 
enjoyed this man of deft fiagers an I the extraordinary Mephisto- 
phelian face — a tail, lean, muscular man, far past middle life 
now, but none the less devilish and trick-fingered, and by the 
constant exercise of bis agile brain keeping always ahead in his 
pleasant profession. For what more pleasing comedian can be 
imagined? His show is clean, tine, exotic, and artistic; and 
granted that there is nothing in it but passing amusement, there 
is still that element of mystery in it that not only makes the or- 
dinary comedian seem pale, but that accomplishes much of the 
things that make popular those secret societies which could 
hardly exist without their "mysteries." Herrmann stands half 
way between them and those queer creatures who profess to pro- 
duce the spirits of the dead ; and as he makes no pretense except 
that of deceiving the physical senses — avowedly that — he is in- 
nocuous; no lunatics or fanatics ever issue from his show. A 
broad glow of geniality emanates from him. Even those in the 
audience whose hats, and watches, and handkerchiefs he bor- 
rows and apparently destroys, feel honored by bis notice; for 
besides his gracious politeness (which seems to be French), and 
his pleasant gnyings, be takes them into bis good-wicked confi- 
dence, and makes them feel tbat they are almost as devilish as 
he. His pretty wife, who is but all the prettier that she has be- 
come thinner and lither, is a cbarming aid. Her special dance 
act is a very beautiful thing; and although Loi Fuller might see 
something familiar in it, she was never daintier or more graceful 
than Madame Herrmann. 

* * » 

We have been shown a contribution to this issue by an ingeni- 
ous and amusing contributor who (quite modestly) suggests how 
Herrmann's three new tricks might have been performed. We 
take the liberty of saying that all such analysts are a pestilence! 
and if we were the editor of the News Letter we would commit 
either murder or suicide to suppress such adventurers. He who 
explains a mystery is a breaker of idols, an iconoclast, and we 
loathe his kind. However smugly he suggests the modus operandi 
of the three great features, we swear that it is impossible for bim 
(?) to explain bow Herrmann refills from nowhere, with flowers, 
an empty cornucopia to tbe amount of several bushels of blos- 
soms; how be palls birds out of his heel and lemons out of a 
wand, and — but who else in the world can toss playing cards into 
the gallery, ninety feet away? Even taking into account the 
face that we have seen some of his sleight-of-hand tricks for a 
quarter of a century (or thereabout), and are glad to see them 
again, and have a foolish idea that we know how they are done, 
still we know tbet three-fourths of the audience have never seen 
them, that the tricks are wonderful, and that there happen to be 
every season a considerable number of young persons who have 
had the misfortune to be born, and the good fortune to grow 
sufficiently old to see Herrmann and enjoy him ! If this opportu- 
nity might be deemed a proper one for the expression of a private 
opinion, we humbly confess tbat Herrmann owns all that re- 
mainder of our heart which tbe circus has left. 

* 9 * 

The dancing by Madame Herrmann, and Mr. Fox's leadership 
of tbe orchestra are particularly attractive features of the per- 
formance. Herrmann's presentation next week of the Chinese 
miracle of » Yo-KoYo, or Chinese Immigration Made Easy," 
will undoubtedly create a sensation here, and will probably be 
greatly appreciated, particularly by tbe Custom House officials. 
It will show how it is possible for a Celestial to enter these ports 
without detection even while be is being watched the closest. 
Other new tricks and illusions will be given. 
* * n 

Ferham W. Nahl, who has created a sensation in, San Francisco 
with his "living bronze statuary, " has gone to New York, where 
he and his business manager, Giles Bradley, will give exhibitions 
of this unique invention. By means of tbis invention tbe human 
body is covered with gold bronze applied directly to the skin of 
the entire body, no form-distorting tights being employed. In 
tbis way life-like representations of the famous bronze statues 
are presented with a fidelity hitherto unapproached in any other 
form of "Jiving pictures" that has been devised. 
» » * 

Beginning next Monday evening, the Tivoli will present a pro- 
duction of peculiar interest, from the fact tbat it is the work of 
two gentlemen of conspicuous local fame. His Majesty is the opera. 

The libretto is by Peter Robertson and the music by H.J.Stew- 
art. The cast is as follows: King Cadenza, Ferris Hartman; 
Queen, Alice Gaillard; Princess Enid, Tillie Sallinger; Prime 
Minister, J. P. Wilson; Feodor, the Crown Prince, J. J. Raffael; 
his valet, the mock Prince, Ed Torpi; an officer, George Olmi ; Don 
Impresario, Phil Branson; Donna Betli Mart Hi. Grade Plaisted. 
Tbeplot of the opera has been set forth in these columns hereto- 
fore, but a word or two now may not be amiss. The people of 
Patata advertise for a king, offering fifty dollars a week. Ca- 
denza secures the place. His Queen has to take boarders in 
order to make expenses. Enid, their daughter, wants to fall in 
love with a peasant, and the Count of Muscovy wants to fall in 
love with a peasant girl. Each takes the other for what be is 
not, the Courtis appalled, and the two leading male and female 
singers of an opera company appear. Here the plot becomes ex- 
cruciatingly complex and tbe situations ridiculous, the whole 
ending with the most absurd (but not altogether unpleasant) de- 

The new variety stars at the Orpbeum have been performing 
before immense aadiences all the week. Lydia Yeamans-Titus 
leaves pleasant recollections of ber grace and cleverness, and her 
place is to be filled next week with some particularly clever 
specialists. Among tbese are Daily and Jordan, Clancy and 
Weston, Zamora, Dorothy Deming, Bogert and O'Brien, Bunth, 
Rudd and Flakey, and the immensely popular Eddy family. The 
hold of tbe Orpbeum on the public is exceedingly strong and the 
popularity of this family resort is eminently deserved. 
« * « 

The Grovers are proceeding successfully at Stockwell's, Cad 1 
the Tomboy proving a strong attraction during tbe week. The 
junior Grover, as Tom Ward, has made a hit. Tbe very low 
prices for seats is a strong inducement, especially in uiew of the 
superior excellence of the performance. 
* * * 

Frederick Warde and Louis James, the well-known tragedians, 
will commence their annual engagement at tbe Baldwin on Feb- 
ruary 4th. Tbe first week of their engagement will be given to 
tbe superb production of Henry IV., Othello, Julius Caesar, Fran- 
cesca da Rimini, and Richard III. In the great production of 
Henry IV., of which considerable notice has been taken by the 
Eastern press, Mr. Warde appears as Prince Hal, in which char- 
acter he does a perfect bit of acting, playing tbe part of the Prince 
with great dash. James, as Sir John Falstaff, gives an Ideal in- 
terpretation of the splendid Shakespearean creation. Mr. Warde 
is acknowledged to be in tbe very first ranks of bis profession, 
while as a Shakespearean actor Mr. James has few equals. With 
two such noted tragedians as Warde and James in the leading 
roles and scenic environments on a magnificent scale, tbe Bald- 
win is sure to see a succession of crowded bouses during their en- 
gagement. Marie Burroughs, in her new play, The Profligate, is 

one of the early attractions at tbe Baldwin. Miss Burroughs Is 
a great favorite in tbis city, and she can look for a hearty recep- 
tion when she appears. The Gaiety Girl is tbe craze in the 

East. The company presenting it never fails to pack the bouses 
wherever they present the great English success. Tbe piece is a 
musical comedy and it is said to contain original and taking 
music. The text is sparkling and witty. 


The Wagner concert in aid of the fund for the continuance of 
Scheel's orchestra at tbe Auditorium, drew a large and representa- 
tive audience on Tuesday night. Eight selections from the great 
German master's works were given. Considering that the orches- 
tra had bad but a few days to rehearse the Parsifal overture, a 
very creditable performance was given tbe first presentation of 
tbis work in San Francisco. True, there were times when the 
scarcity of first violins was to be regretted, but withal the over- 
ture was deserving of its enthusiastic reception. Tbe " Song of 
the Rhine Nymphs," from Q otter daemmerung, was admirably per- 
formed. At tbe time of writing, nearly half of tbe $10,000 guar- 
antee fund has been raised through the kindly efforts of Mr. John 
Parrott. It is to be hoped that the Germans, who have hereto- 
fore been prominent among Scheel's supporters, will not continue 
to ignore tbe importance of this subscription to the resumption of 
the concerts. If San Francisco will maintain a musical organiza- 
tion of this class, her reputation is made in the world of Arts, and 
Mother Kendal may turn up her nose but she will not turn down 
ber ears. 

» • « 

The resumption of tbe Carr-Beel concerts this afternoon at 
Golden Gate Hal! will be welcomed by all lovers of good music. 
Miss Ina Griffin, pianist, and Mr. Algernon Aspland, vocalist, 
will be the soloists. A new quartette by Dvorak is one of the 
features of the programme. 

Husbands, brothers and bachelors wishing to obtain the best 
gentlemen's furnishing goods and latest tailoring should go to John 
W. Carmany, 25 jtearny street. 

January 26, 189".. 



[Bt the New Lrrru'i CoaanroxDEitT.} 

GOD made law. but not lawyern; ibey «re such through their 
own choosing, hence the responsibility rests with them. The 
firtt statement of lew was found id »n early reply wbicb said : 
" As a rola 1 do." The lawyers in the present Assembly (which 
is frequently absent) as a rule don't. Tbey are here to represent 
tbelr constituents even at the risk of misrepresenting themselves. 
A man's constituency consists of a tbonsaoJ and one unclassified 
desires wbicb must be severally represented in a collective way 
in that walking individual Congress known as an Assemblyman. 

Tbe chaplain of the present Assembly Is a negro— not one of 
those much-washed, bleached out negroes, but a real ideal 
"colored man." It seems a kindly fate tbat permits a being of a 
sob-siratam to ask God to uplift mat wbicb is already above tbe 
petitioner. True, the chaplain uses language wbicb the average 
member does not understand. Yet this is not so lamentable, 
since there are so few " average " members in the present Assem- 
bly. Besides, there is a mystery about religion in general. Tbe 
retrenchment committee threatens to reduce the chaplain's salary 
unless bis prayers are lengthened; tbey do not contend that there 
would be a gain of force in tbe pious supplication or tbat there is 
any likelihood of converting Bledsoe from the many errors of his 
several ways, bat tbey want tbe chaplain to earn his five dollars 
a day and not rob tbe Stale in sucb a heavenly manner. Young 
North, of Alameda, who lends but one ear to the cbaplaia, is a 
relrencher a map of whose motives we will furnish later. 

A good story is told, and now retold, concerning the rebuke 
that was once given a Senate retrenchment committee by the 
ministers of Sacramento. It was proposed, so runs the harried 
tale, to cat down tbe salary of the chaplain. Consequently the 
local ministers were canvassed for the purpose of finding out 
who would stand the proposed reduction. Upon notice of which 
the ministers held a meeting, at which tbey resolved that before 
they would submit to tbe demands of the retrenchment commit- 
tee they would see tbe Senate in hades. 

The remarkable thing about the retrenchment efforts so far is 
an attempt to be big in little things. It is what is known as an 
Alamedan spasm, wbicb, being translated, means, how to make 
a mountain out of a grain of sand, or a large way of being small. 

From tbe executive bud down to tbe legislative branches and 
bloom of this tree of reform, not a man is using a broadaxe, but 
a hatchet instead. The man who would vote to cut down the 
salary of a clerk from five dollars to four will probably ask for an 
appropriation of $300,000 for the purpose of having it spent in 
his district, that it may thereafter and forever be his district. In 
tbe next issue of the News Letter I propose giving some word 
photographs of a number of men on whom the State is taking 
such desperate chances. I may have to coin some new words, 
for I have never yet seen anything like them described. Among 
them will be Mr. Bledsoe, tbe pale woman from Humboldt, who 
really ought to wear a petticoat. 

Assemblyman Bettman, of San Francisco, is chairman of the 
Committee on Public Morals. Ue has secured Bledsoe, of Hum- 
boldt, for counsel. These men were elected because of their pe- 
culiar fitness for the positions. Speaker Lynch does nothing at 

To-day, for the first time in two weeks, the sun looks down from 
Heaven. Yesterday afternoon tbe sea fell out of the skies, and 
now tbe rivers are going cross-fields to the ocean. For days the 
trees, wrung by the winds, seemed to writhe with pain. When 
darkness came, tbe rain beat upon my window, while Night, 
witb silver eyes, glared into my room. But the storm is over, 
and last evening the stars shone bright and fresh, as if drenched 
in the tears of tbe gods. Not an Assemblyman could look upon 
tbem and not feel the gentle rebuke of an outraged constituency. 

Sacramento, January 26, 1895. 


WE understand that Messrs. S. & G. Gump have decided to dis- 
pose of their well and favorably known gallery, which they 
have maintained free to all visitors for over twenty years. We 
regard this step as a loss to the city, as this gallery is the only 
free gallery we have. However, the Messrs. Gamp find that there 
is too much capital invested to justify its continuance. Here is 
a splendid opportunity for our lovers of good pictures to obtain 
genuine works of art by painters of merit and renown. The sale 
will be held in the ball of the Y. M. C. A. building, on Sutter 
Street, following the Loan Exhibition now being held there, 
which will probably close about tbe 10th of F ebruary. 

There is certainly nothing wrong in tippling. An occasional glass 
of whisky (providing that it is good whisky) strengthens the body 
and stimulates the mind. The Argonaut whisky, sold by E. Martin 
& Co., 408 Front street is generally admired by all connoisseurs. 
Wherever it is sold it grows in favor, and those who drink it once do 
not care for any other brand. The sales of Argonaut whisky show 
that it leads all otbers. 

No toilet is complete without a bottle of Ayer's Hair Vigor— the bast hair 
dressing. Ask your druggist for Ayer's Almanac. 

Wle /Hi xtu r e 

iiA t jLNTLEnAri^^nOtM!.but 
iti fragrance pk&ses the tadttfi. 
t A box of this tobacco maKo a 
moit welcome ©IRTM DAY £IFT 
to husband, brother or ? 

^^o*n DC PROCURED IM AIL OHE.J — =5-_ 

-^Sissr- *T LCAOlriCi TOBACCONIST.} ■»■■• 
' -T-lARBURCt bROO ■■• 

'•»• *n*Hi£&n tobacco Co. juctcajOft mn'( 
OALTir-tOR* MP, 


Al Hayman & Co. (Incorporated) Proprietors 

8. H. Friedhnder Manager 

Commencing Monday, January 28th. Every evening, including Sunday 
Matinee Saturday. Second week of wonderful tuccesB. Continuation of 
San Francisco's Carnival season of Magic, Mirth, aud Mystery. Complete 
change of bill. A vast repertoire of illusions and feats of mystery. A 
memorable visit to msgic laud. An endless array of mystic novelties. 

The Napoleon of Necromancers, THE GREAT 

In another bewildering programme. 
| Next attraction— NELLIE McHEXKY. 


O'Farrell St., between Stockton and Powell Sts. 
San FraiicibCo's Great Music Hall. 
Week commencing Monday, Jan. 28th— New and 



MATINEE PRICES— Parquet, any part, 26c; balcony, any part, 10c; 
children, 10c, any seat. EVENING PRICES— Reserved seats, 25c; balcony 
10c, ; opera chairs and box seats, 50c. Saturday and Sunday matinees. 

Mas. Ernestine Kreling 


Proprietor and Manager- 

Last nights. The production of the season. Fifth and positively last 
week. Glorious success. The great holiday spectacle, LAI.La KOoKlf. 

Oscar L. Fest's wondrous transformation, "Alcoves of the Peri's Garden." 
Monday, January *8th— 


Populab Prices 25 and 50c 


625 Sutter St. 
Tbe 41st 

Takes place to-day, January 26tb, at 3:15 p. m 

Admission 50c. 

oyyo jioip/ws ijis, 

Established 1879. 

411 Bush street. Opposite 
the New California Hotel. 
Best Equipped 
OYSTER ai?d CiTO p/^CORS. 

Large dining-room for ladies. Sole depot for JOS. SCHLITZ MILWAU- 
KEE BEER. Imported European Beer from Buergerliches Brauhaus, 
Pllsen, Bohemia; Actien Beer from Rizzi Culmbach, Bavaria. 

I II I I AM RFnnAPH Tne English actress, coaches ladies and 
LILLIMM DCUUniiV , gentlemen for the dramatic profession; ap- 
pearances arranged. SHAKESPEAREAN ACADEMY, 1017 Ellis St., 
Sen Francisco, Cal. 

Has Removed to 824 Market St., Phelan Building. 


January 26, 1895. 



IN the trial of Steinberg, the staffer, before Judge Wallace, a 
witness on the stand, Adolph Gatman, wae asked by Lawyer 
Crose had he not been living off the money given him by a mar- 
ried woman. The woman's name was mentioned in the ques- 
tion and it was stated that sbe lives with her husband and is 
respectable. Nevertheless her name was dragged into the pub- 
licity of a court-room and was printed in one of the "great 
dailies" next morning, although she had no real connection with 
the case. That reminded Joe Nougues of a story of an English 
case in which an old man, eighty-four years of age, was called as 
a witness. He had been the involuntary witness of a shooting 
and his testimony merely went to that point. All the same, 
counsel for the defense asked him the question: 

"Were you ever convicted of a crime?" 

"Must I answer that question?" he appealed to the court. The 
ruling was that he must answer. 

"Seventy years ago," he began painfully, "I was convicted of 
a crime. I have lived the life of an honest man ever since. Not 
one living member of my family knows of my transgression. 
Now, at eighty-four years of age, I am compelled to renew the 
memory of my crime and publish it to the world. I think that 
the unbridled license which is permitted to lawyers examining 
witnesses is a shame and a disgrace to our courts." 

"I agree with you entirely in your remarks," said the judge, 

"but it is the law." 

# * * 

A once familiar place to the epicures of San Francisco changed 
its character one day this week from the nobler function of a 
wine shop to a junk store. It used to be kept by an old French- 
man who had seen better days, flis only assistants were his 
wife and daughter. In the rear of the shop were a few tables, 
where one might have dinner if ordered specially. George Lette, 
the Secretary of the German Bank, now dead, was the discoverer 
of this quaint corner. 8ome admirer of the great Persian poet, 
Omar, had given the old Frenchman a quotation from that dis- 
tinguished philosopher, which hung over the door of the penetralia 
of the wine shop. They read: 

" 1 wonder what it is the vintners buy 
One half so precious as the stuff they sell." 

One of the chief dishes to be obtained in this place was a bouille 
baisse, which even Thackeray would have enjoyed. Brochettes 
of small birds and green macaroni were among the delicscies of 
this little cabaret. But above and beyond all of these things was 
a private stock of wine which the old man kept for bis intimate 
friends. He had some genuine old vintages which had no parallel 
in the city. And then the linen was white as snow, and the 
crystal he set before his favorites vas as delicate as any that ever 
graced the famous suppers of the Due d'Orleans. The daughter, 
a very chic French girl, waited on table, and the old gentleman 
himself always took a glass of wine with his guests. But the 
last cask was moved out this week, and rags, bottles, and sacks 
now obtain where the blood-red wine of France once had a dwell- 
ing place. 

# * * 

Poor Stevenson's favorite bird was the sea gull. It was one of 
Robert's pet amusements to go out to Baker's Beach and watch 
the sea gulls float and balance themselves and dip into the tide. 
About the most musical lyric he wrote was to a sea gull, which 
he apostrophizes when seeing him far inland as 

"A careless vagabond of the sea." 

Whenever he crossed on the Oakland boat it was his custom to 
get from the restaurant and bar scraps of meat and bread to throw 
to the screaming train of gulls that followed in his wake. He used 
to say tnat the sea gull is the type of perfect freedom. It is not 
hunted for flesh or feathers, but, on the contrary, is under the 
protection of the harbor authorities as a useful scavenger. Unlike 
other birds, which often find it difficult to dig out a meal, the 
bounteous sea always provides the gull with food. 

"He has," says Stevenson, "a banquet on every beach, and 
who that has observed a cluster of gulls feeding on the refuse of 
the fisherman's net can say that the feast is devoid of conversa- 

Shortly before Porter Ashe went East, he went in one evening 
with a friend of his, just for a lark, to consult a fortune teller. 
The woman might or might not have known him, but sbe cer- 
tainly told him some things which have since come true. Among 
others she said that he would have a quarrel with one of his best 
friends and that his expectations of success would not be realized. 
So far the seeress has been correct, for Ashe has quarreled with 
Tom Williams, and his Eastern racing ventures were fiat failures. 

There has been another "kick" in a Vienna paper about the 
treatment of the Austrian Commissioner at the Midwinter Fair. 
It is not so bad as Papa Seidi's, but still the gtievance is there. 
It appears the Austrian Commissioner bad only a limited quan- 
tity of Austrian wines on hand which he might bring before the 
Commissioner of Awards. Having only an imperfect knowledge 
of English, he failed to understand about the time of the judges' 
meeting, and the result was that he was victimized by a few gay 
boys at the Viticultural Palace, who induced him to bring out 
his wine, drank op every bottle of it with gusto, and assured 
him that he would get the first prize for foreign exhibits. When 
the real time came to present the wine for the consideration of 
the proper judges, the poor man did not have a bottle left. And 
now he has told his tale of woe to the Viennese, and he shrugs 
his shoulders and says: 

"Dose Americans is a fonny beoplet" 
* » » 
When the streets are full of mud 
And the crossings are unclean, 
A variety of stockings by observing ones are seen; 
But when the weather mends 

And is swept away the dirt, 
The hose is plain, because 
The ladies scoff at fashion's laws, 
And never lift the skirt. 

* • * 

The affairs of " Signor Campobello " and his wife are now occu- 
pying their share of public attention. Campobello (or Campbell} 
is a big, burly Englishman who graduated, like " Hugo Talbo " 
and others, from the choir of an English Cathedral. There was a 
spice of romance about the first meeting of this domestically in- 
felicitous person. Campobello was once getting off a California- 
street car when he perceived that a young lady who was sitting 
beside him on the dummy was faint and ill. He offered her his 
assistance and took her to her father's house. David Porter 
thanked him very cordially, and Grace Porter did not know for 
weeks afterwards that her cavalier was the English opera singer. 
The old wine merchant himself was bitterly opposed to the mar- 
riage, but had to resign to the infatuation of his daughter. And r 
like most of those unions where the theatrical element enters in, 
it has proved an unfortunate one. 

Mr. Carton Williams, from the East, arrived here this week, 
and has had extended to him all the courtesies of the clubs. Mr. 
Williams had never seen the California quail in its wild state, 
and was much pleased when Mr. Kittle invited him to a day's 
shooting in the grounds of the Country Club. Mr. Williams took 
bis gun out of the case, oiled it up, and went forth for slaughter. 
Presently a bevy of quail running along the trail came in view of 
the sportsmen, Mr. Kittle in the lead. 

" Shall I shoot at them now?" whispered the Eastern man. 

"No, no!" replied Mr. Kittle, "wait a bit." 

"Yes, I will wait until they stop," said the Eastern sportsman. ' 
And then Mr. Kittle heaved a deep sigh, and calling his dogs to 
heel, left the Eastern killer to pursue his own way. 

* # # 

Dr. Herztein should be called to account for his unique 
method of encouraging sickness. We shall soon have our whole 
town suffering with imaginary maladies if the popular little 
doctor continues to banquet his patients with the nnlimited 
prodigality displayed on Monday night. He gathered forty un- 
married male patrons (some of them were but the representatives 
of afflicted parents) around his festive board and dined, wined, 
and entertained them with a hospitality that banished the 
slightest suggestion of his calling. All dietary rules and regula- 
tions were suspended for that evening and during the part of the 
next morning that the successful undertaking consumed. It has 
not transpired how many of the guests became victims of Dr. 
Herztein's "social smile and sympathetic tear," to say nothing of 
the sugar-coated bitterness of his professional pencil. 

* * * 

There is a man, a bank manager, who, like all good bank man- 
agers, knows the value of money. Now the porter of the bank 
is a smart fellow, and knows a hole In the ladder when he sees it. 

A few days ago he dusted the manager's desk and polished it 
up. When the manager arrived the porter said: 

" I've cleaned your desk, sah, in good style." 

"That you have," replied the manager, putting his hand in his 

"Have you change for a dollar?" asked the manager. 

" I have," replied the porter, gleefully. 

>< Then you have all the money you want for to-day," said the 
manager, tranquilly. "Go about your business, and see that the 
lavatory is in order." 

The porter went, a sadder and wiser man. 

* * # 

The new Bulletin is in some respects better than the old; in 
others not so good. It has undergone many changes. Nearly all 
of the old staff have either "severed their connection" or been re- 
tired. Mr. Older, who now discharges the functions of city 

January 26, 189"). 


editor »nd niiniRing editor. wi« formerly city editor of tbe Pott, 
and hu reorganized tbe BulUMn on tbe Ami model. Tbe local de- 
partment of tbe paper. If lest reliable than formerly. Is more 
breezy and sensational. Tbe editorial columns have retained all 
of tbeir original dullness and stupidity, but have lost the virility 
and moral force for which tbey were once noted. An element of 
earnestness and steadfastness departed when Deacon Fitch 
trotted down the stairs of the Clay-street printing house, with bis 
well filled sack. With all his faults the old man bad at 
least tbe distinction of being a good fighter, while now the Bui- 
letin "roars as gently as a socking dove." 
• • • 

A case that should go Into tbe books was tried this week 
1o Sansalito. A man kicked a small boy and the boy was 
laid up. The man was arrested and brought before Judge Fottrell. 
Twenty-six witnesses were examined on both sides. Tbe man 
was found guilty, and fined five dollars. The case for witnesses 
and constables fees cost tbe connty over eighty dollars. If this 
be not a legal gem there is no humor in Blackstone. 
• • • 

Tbe reception of tbe Press Club to Colonel Cockerill, Fred Vil- 
liers, and James Creelman, on Wednesday night was, as might 
have been expected, a very successful atlair. The Press Club, 
still the guests of the Bohemian Club, did the honors bravely. 
Speeches were made by hosts and guests, and the evening passed 
most delightfully with music, song, and a very excellent quality 
of punch. 


SAN FRANCISCO staggers under a weight of adverse criticism. 
She is nnappreciative of genius, does not recognize literary or 
mosical merit, is uncnltnred, unrefined, and altogether provincial. 
Yet, notwithstanding the dreadful attitude of this hilly city, the 
best of music, art, and drama comes, and comes yet once again, 
finding tbe recognition it deserves. Following the example of 
larger and older cities, our energetic Western town had her Mid- 
winter Fair, and made a success of it; emulated her splendid 
Eastern rival in her Horse Show, and attained a result which 
brought favorable comparison, if not signal, triumph, in some re- 
spects; and now tbe women of the city will challenge the women 
of New York as to which shall claim the palm for good looks. 
For San Francisco is to have her "Gallery of Women," in por- 
traits, miniatures, pastels, and photographs. It has been sug- 
gested that soch an exhibition was an impossibility here, owing 
to scarcity of material. But a little inquiry has revealed the fact 
that there is a treasure-bouse of riches in that direction from 
which to choose. It is an undisputed fact that the women of tbe 
Golden Gate are blessed with beauty of Nature's own bestowing. 
Transfer this loveliness, through tbe art of a master, to canvas or 
ivory, and what a ravishing result! There are many portraits of 
fair women, hanging on the walls of our homes, which bear the 
signatures of famous artists. It is well that this exhibition 
should come now. It will substantiate Gertrude Atberton's 
assertions as to tbe relative claims to good looks of the California 
and New York women. It will also serve as a convincing proof 
that the fine arts and graces are not qnite unknown in this re- 
mote region though their presence is not made an occasion for 
flourishing of trumpets. The exhibition will he held in the Hopkins 
Art Institute, and will consist of tbe counterfeit presentment of 
lovely woman in various phases. One of the most interesting 
features will be Miss Hobart's collection of original pen-and-ink 
drawings by well-known Eastern and foreign newspaper illus- 
trators. Aside from the benefit which San Francisco will derive 
from this exhibition, two of the most worthy charities in the city 
will benefit directly. The financial returns will be divided be- 
tween the Children's Hospital, which speaks eloquently for itself, 
and the Salvation Army, a bard-working and honest element for 
good in our city, receiv rg far too little appreciation. Never was 
there a reform which began at the top and worked down, tbe law 
of progression goes the other way. In the work of the Salvation 
Army lies the germ of better things morally, socially, and politi- 
cally, for tbe city where those earnest men and women follow 
their cause in the face of physical and mental persecution. It is 
true that San Francisco recognized the work the blue-ribboned 
army is doing in her midst. The exhibition will open about the 
second week in February, and will continue for eight days. 

These ladies will no doubt make the display a success, socially 
and financially. What a treat to the club men and beaux it will 
be, to see those lovely society girls' photographs hung in dainty 
frames on the walls! Would it not be advisable if the managers 
have the forethought either to glue or nail these pretty faces to 
the wall, preventing the admirers from falling into temptation? 

By removing causes of irritation, and by preserving a healthy 
state of the system during infancy, Steedman*s Soothing Powders 
made their reputation. 

After dinner try Adams' Pepsin Tutti-Frutti Chewing Gum. You 
Will find it admirable. 


Hair Vigor 





Restores Color 


Faded and Gray 



Best Dressing 



Is at the head of BelllDgham Bay, on Puget Sound. It is the 
Northwest City of the State of Washington; population about 
10,000. It is the third city in size and wealth In Western Wash- 
ington. All its industries are thriving. 

IT HAS ADVANTAGES possessed by no other point in the 
State of Washington; the country is rich in coal, iron, and other 
minerals; it is rich in agricultural and timber land; the city is 
lighted by electricity; it has two electric street car lines; the 
water supply is from a large mountain lake 316 feet above the 
ci'y front; the quautity of water is unlimited, and is used to 
drive machiuerir for manufacturing purposes. For domestic 
use it is unequfll^d. 

NEW WHATCOM is the home of the Bellinghem Bav and 
British Columbia railroad, and of tbe Bellington Bay and East- 
ern Railroad ; it is the American terminus of the Canadian 
Pacific Railway, and the Pacific Coast terminua of the Great 
Northern Railroad; the Northern Pacific Railroad is making 
preparations to enter tbe city; its harbor is one of the best in 
the world; the steamships of the Pacific Coast S. S. Company 
for the North all go there; steamers arrive at and depart daily 
from New Whalcom. for all ports on Puget Sound. 








703 Market Street, .Rooms 18, 19 and 20. 


gives Health and Strength to the Sexual Organs. Depot at 323 Market 
Street. Sau Francisco. 

Eureka Garden Hose. 



Goodyear Rubber Co., 

R. H. Pease, Vice-President and Manager. 
577-579 Market St., S. F. 73-75 First St., Portland, Or. 



January 26, 1895. 

TT is the earnest prayer of a suffering public that the local press 
1 will soon have some other topic than Sybil Sanderson and her 
maestro, Massenet. Even Grace Porter's coming divorce suit had 
to introduce Oampobello, the basso, tbe neglectful husband, as 
Sybil's first love. Where was Cardioalli, tbe tenor? If the sub- 
ject of the songstress's loves be one of intense interest to our com- 
munity, why not go into the matter in detail, and not bint darkly? 
No doubt much interesting matter on various episodes in the fair 
Sybil's life could be furnished by numberless people of ail ages, 
ranks, and localities, from our own postoffice to Sir Augustus 
Harris in London, with Massenet's baton pointing to the grand 
finale of Tony. 

* # # 

The Bnrlingame Club started with flying of Bags and clashing 
of cymbals, with a list which included only those belonging to 
the ultra set, and gave promise of being quite tbe most swagger 
club on the coast. All went well for a time, but the drain on 
the treasury brought things to such a pass that measures had to 
be taken to keep this swell affair from going out of existence. A 
carefully selected new list of names was presented to the 
Directors, and having been favorably voted upon, the newly- 
elected have been duly notified, and can now enjoy all the privi- 
leges of the club house and grounds, and build cottages if they so 
desire, but they must keep in mind that dues are now payable in 
U. S. gold coin at the office of tbe Secretary. 

* » * 

The Reverend Charles Miel is continually laboring to ease the 
condition of his fellow-creatures. Economics is the subject which 
at present seems to be uppermost in his active mind. Last week 
he gave a most delicious dinner, to which four persons sat down. 
The price of the whole repaet was exactly seventy-five cents. 
His object was to demonstrate that a good dinner, consisting of 
a soup, meat, a salad, and dessert, could be cooked for tbat sum 
and for that many persons. Some one has told the story that one 
guest, fearing he would have to listen to grace and be thankful 
notwithstanding the dinner might turn out a failure, fortified bis 
appetite by concealing a small bottle of Anhauser under the table. 
When the reverend gentleman's stories were so laughably funny 
as to occupy tbe attention of the guests, this sly one would fill 
his glass and enjoy the beverage, and is still laughing about the 
joke he played on his host. 

* * * 

In this fin de siecle day of civilization the veneering of good 
manners has worn so thin that it is but a name without any sig- 
nificance. It is little wonder that older members of society decry 
the vulgarisms of the younger set. An apt illustration was wit- 
nessed at a recent small tea. After tbe guests had given the 
hostess a smile and fashionable band-shake, they took themselves 
to the dining-room, and after gourmandizing most copiously, de- 
parted without returning to take leave of their hostess. Would 
it not be an excellent fad for some one to start a series of lectures 
or talks on the art of giving and receiving? It might be the 
means of making ladies and gentlemen out of the present crude 

* * » 

If persons desire to open tbeir doors and entertain would it 
not be in better taste if their calling list be limited to a very few, 
to ask the list of an intimate friend rather than take the Blue 
Book for that purpose? The result might be more satisfactory 
and give the gossips less opportunity to criticise. At the enter- 
tainment where this Blue Book idea was carried out, the whole 
bouse on the following morning presented a sight that tbe amia- 
ble host and hostess still shudder at the remembrance of. Tbe 
carpets, chairs, and divans were literally covered with ashes and 
cigars and cigarette stumps, to say nothing of the loss of more than 
one article from the guest-rooms. 

* * * 

One hears nothing, so far, from the Wise- Wagners. Now that 
they have retnrned from Europe, where they honeymooned for 
some months past, their friends are patiently waiting to enjoy 
those charming musicals, dinners, and luncheons that were so 
often spoken of before their departure. It is to be hoped that 
they will throw open their hospitable doors before, the Lenten 
season sets in. 

* » m 

As the darkies say, "Mighty hard luck somewhere." It cer- 
tainly seems as if fortune had not favored the families of the two 
consins as it might have. Although Tom has become one of the 
kings in the sporting world, his brothers were far less fortunate. 
The career of bis cousins Is certainly sad. The one with the 
sweetest voice suicided in New York, and Belle now dances gaily 
before the footlights of tbe Tivoli eaob night. Considering the 
talent, nnqoestioned dignity, and prominence of the families in 
early days, it does seem bard that the present generation has 
failed to uphold it. 

A pleasant morsel which society gossips have been rolling un- 
der their tongues must turn into ashes when the contents 
of a letter written by Mrs. Trux. Beale to her nncle, Colonel Eyre, 
becomes known. It has been rumored that she has left her hus- 
band, bnt in this letter she says tbat they are happy and living 
in their own home, having declined Invitations from their respec- 
tive mothers to live with tbem. 

* * * 

Miss Mary Banning, sister of John Bradbury, whose scandalous 
escapades not long ago agitated tbe peaceful country of oranges, 
is engaged to be married shortly to Mr. Norris, a rich New 
Yorker, about twenty-four years of age. The estimable young 
lady will thus have an opportunity to forget the unpleasant 
memories of her brother's conduct. 

* » * 

Although Mrs. Bouvier's chief aim in her unique entertain- 
ment offered to Miss McKinstry and her friends was to give them 
a series of surprises, it is safe to say tbat she herself was immeas- 
urably surprised by some of her guests in turn on that festive 
occasion, if what a little bird whispers be true. 

* * ♦ 

Miss Mamie McNutt's recently announced engagement to Lien- 
tenant Ruben has been an open secret in the swim for some time 
past. Another which is looked upon as a sure thing, although 
not openly acknowledged as yet, is tbat of tbe neice of our vet- 
eran beau, W. S. Jones, to Lieutenant Summerall. The young 
lady, during her visit to her uncle last winter, made many friends 
in our society circles, who will gladly welcome her back again. 

It is always the unexpected which happens, we are told ; hence 
the community may reasonably suppose that the divorce suit in 
high life so long spoken of as an inevitable happening, bas been 
smoothed out of sight by judicious advice and friendly inter- 

# * * 

It is said that a storm is brewing in " hupper circles," and all 
because a jealous wife will not let her livery stable husband go 
back to his former occnpation of riding master to the swagger 
club so recently started. 

" THE Panglima Muda," by Kounseville Wildman, is a very 
1 entertaining and readable story of adventure, and love, 
incidentally, in the Malay Peninsula. The author writes as one 
who knows his locality thoroughly, as well as the characteristics 
and customs of the inhabitants. Everything, however, is subor- 
dinated to the chief character in the book, the "Panglima Muda," 
whom we understand to be a commander-in-chief of the Malay 
forces in a state of revolt, the other characters being colorless and 
sketcby. The book is illustrated by pen and ink sketches and 
wash drawings by Pierre Boeringer, some of which are very good, 
and is published by the Overland Publishing Company, of San 

THE Bank Commission is now virtually in control of the Peo- 
ple's Home Bank, and in a short time order will be evolved 
from chaos. 

Buffalo Bill performed a clever feat the other day at Morris Park, 
while out driving with some friends. They were thirsty and had no 
corkscrew, at which Colonel Cody set up a bottle of Keystone Mono- 
gram, and shot off the head cleanly at thirty yards with his six 

Don't fail to chew Adams' Pepsin Tutti-Prutti Chewing Gum after 
meals. Indigestion fades before it. 


Natural Sparkling Mineral Water 

Qenoveva Water 

Genoveva Water. 

Qenoveva Water 

Is a very pleasant Table Water and mixea 
well with wine or spirits. We have no 
doubt it will become a general favorite. 
— British Journal of Homeopathy. 

A really excellent Mineral Water and 
specially invaluable in cases of Indi- 
gestion, Heartburn, and Bilious Com- 
plaints.— Pic tor ial World (London). 

Is considered the purest Sparkling Min- 
eral Water in existence, and in addition 
to being as agreeable as Champagne 
has touic qualities of the highest order. 
—Sunday Times (London). 


Sole Agents. 

314 Sacramento St . S. F. 

January 26, 1895. 







THE one topic of conversation Id New York at present, to the 
exclusion even of grippe, Dr. Parkhurst, Lexow, and tbe 
• trike Id Brooklyn, is tbe AMor family tronblea. Tbe telegraphic 
deapatcbea to yoor dailies are ao varied and comprehensive tbat 
you may perbaps ba already familiar with tbe circumstances 
wbicb bave shocked and astounded New York society. Not alt 
tba wealth nor all tbe position of tbe Astors can save them from 
the censure and criticism wbicb tbeir recent conduct has called 
forth. Even tbe veriest tuft-hunters bave found something to 
say. The story, in brief, is the contemptuous indifference shown 
by Mrs. William Astor and ber son, Jobn Jacob, to the aflliction 
of William Waldorf Astor, owner of Cliveden on tbe Thames and 
proprietor of tbe Pall Mall Gazette. Tbe New York Astors bave 
been exceedingly quiet of late, ever since their period of mourn- 
ing expired, but no sooner was tbe death of Mrs. William Waldorf 
Astor cabled to this country than tbey burst into a perfect torrent 
of gayety. On the very night that tbe news reached New York 
the Jobn Jacob Astors were giving a dinner. This Dot only was 
not abandoned, bat cards were sent oat within a day or two by 
their mother for a large and formal dinner. Daring tbe entire 
week that Mrs. W. W. Astor's body lay in the vault of Trinity 
Cbapel awaiting burial, tbe New York branch of the family 
plunged into every form of amusement, were at every "function" 
of importarce, and appeared nightly at the opera, arrayed with 
more gorgeousness than tbey bave indulged in for years. And 
on tbe night preceding tbe funeral they were in Philadelphia, the 
deceased lady's old home, at tbe Assembly. It is true that there 
has long been a family feud, but hatred mnst indeed be absorbing 
and vindictive when it cannot be controlled out of respect to tbe 
dead. Say wbat one may, it is hard to find any excuse for such 
conduct. Tbe mildest thing one can say is, " What vilely bad 
taste! " And tbat alone is enough to crush any except a royal 
family. Tbe only member (or perbaps be is by tbis time an ex- 
member) of the Astor family who appeared at the funeral was 
Coleman Drayton, whose unfortunate matrimonial embarasB- 
ments the courts bave been handling for some time. 

The air is so foil of tbe name that perhaps some anecdotes of 
Jobn Jacob Astor, possessor of and heir to millions, may not be 
out of place. I never vouch for the truth of current gossip, but 
here they are for what they are worth; 

At Harvard, where, owing to reasons which his examiners 
might explain, he took a special course, he was one night one of 
a convivial party celebrating in Boston a victory in college ath- 
letics. One after the otber each supporter of the crimson ordered 
his bottle of champagne to contribute to the general mirth, but 
when the turn reached the young Urceaus, be had casually dis- 

Another etory tells of his eccentricities. He had asked a col- 
lege man to dine and go to the tbeatre with him. Tbe invitation 
was of course accepted. As they rode into Boston Astor paid the 
streetcar fare, remarking at tbe same time: "I'll pay going in 
and you may pay going out." His companion noticed presently 
tbat be was distrait, uneasy, restless, and answering at random. 
The difficulty did not suggest itself to him, however, nntil Astor 
turned to him and said: » I say, you give me back tbe five cents 
now, will you, and each will pay for himself going out; it is so 
much simpler." But the dinner was a good one and the theatre 
seats the best in tbe house. 

The story is old of bis wedding tonr to Florida, where the pro- 
prietor of the Ponce de Leon, knowing the wealth of his gnests 
and the sentimental nature of their journey, had decorated their 
rooms superbly with choice Bowers, which to his horror Mr. Astor 
ordered immediately removed, stipulating that they shonld not 
be charged in tbe bill. 

But it is not so well known that on a visit to Toronto, still in 
the early stages of matrimony, he spent two uneasy days in the 
rooms which had been alloted him, and finally went to tbe pro- 
prietor for something cheaper. 

These tales have a moral for the struggling generous, and a vast 
encouragement for the wealthy penurious. 

A new Irish-American play, The Vale of Avoca, is to be produced 
in Washington on the twenty-eighth of tbis month. Charles 
Hopper is tbe star, in a part which I am told might have been 
one of Boucicault's own, Hugo Toland is leading man of the 

I hear from Washington of the sudden illness of Mrs. Hearst, 
who was forced to recind her invitations for a mnsicale last night 
on account of tbe severe indisposition. 

Mrs. John Skae and Miss Skae, who have long made their 
home in the Capitol City, are in New York at the Hotel New 

Miss Gertru le Atherton expects to go abroad at tbe end of tbis 
month. Her daughter will remain at the convent at Manhattan- 
ville during her mother's absence, but has tbe prospect of a 
European trip next year. Passe-Partout. 

New York, January 16, 1895. 

"Brown's Bronchial Troches" are a simple and convenient remedy 
for Bronchial Affections and Coughs. Carry them in your pocket. Bold 
only in boxes- 


Immortality of the Big Trees. 

The Alphabet and Language. 

Wealth and Poverty of Chicago Fair. 

This book has been favorably noticed by all of 
the papers here. It is a book for students ; it 
is a book of facts in connection with the very 
highest literary studies. 

U/m. Doxey, pablislper, 

631 Market St., Under Palace Hotel. 






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A feature of the California is the American plan 
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January 26, 1895. 

Where Capital Grass Valley is today the most prosperous 
Should niiDing camp in California, as it is the oldest. 

Be Sustained. People all over the State are in sympathy with 
and generally pleased to hear that its residents 
are in a fair way to reap the reward to which many of them are 
well entitled for the fidelity with which they have stood by the 
camp during the dark days in the past, when there seemed little 
light ahead. They should strive to maintain this esteem not only 
in the eyes of our own people but also among strangers wbo may 
cast in their lot with them. An unpleasant impression is begin- 
ning to creep abroad regarding the tyrannical inclinations of a 
so-called Miners' Union, which can only have a disastrous effect 
if strengthened by any untoward actions. The late unpleasant 
hitch at the Osborn Hill was calculated in itself to give the dis- 
trict a set-back with outside capitalists, and any repetition of 
such conduct should be avoided. B'or many decades Grass Valley 
managed to get along without an aggressive organization of the 
kind and prospered ultimately. It would be a pity now if the 
conduct of men who are as a rnle comparative strangers in the 
community, should be allowed to work it an injury. These 
Unions bave never yet proved anything but a curse to the very 
people they purport to aid. A few men in control are benefited 
peisonally, while the rank and file are left to bear the burden of 
the fights into which they are drawn under a false pretense of 
maintaining their independence. The ultimate result of labor 
strikes in the majority of instances will establish the truth of this 
statement. The men may consider themselves invincible, as they 
probably are in the case of Grass Valley, but it is only for a time. 
They simply cut a rod for their own backs, and Involve innocent 
women and children in disaster. Capital is withdrawn or its 
further investment refused at the first intimation of a danger of 
tbia kind, and the life of a camp like Grass Valley can be sus- 
tained only by fostering the moneyed interests involved in the 
development of its mines. On tbe other band, it will be admitted 
that the miners have rights which should be protected, and public 
sentiment abroad will condemn, and very rightly, such actions 
on tbe part of a selfish mining corporation as compelling its em- 
ployees to trade at its store under pain of dismissal. This con- 
temptible and tbieving system, described in England as "truck- 
ing," is there declared a felony, and is punishable as such by law. 
It should be made so by tbe criminal code of this State at once, 
and then about the only justification for the existence of a 
Miners' Union will cease to exist. Without sucb a complaint, 
however, the older residents of Grass Valley should see to it that 
the men wbo invest money in the operation of mines there are 
protected from unwarranted interference in the management of 
their property, to the end that others may be encouraged to follow 
their example. 

$ $ $ 

Oqly Some If the threatened political jobbery is carried out 
Fjeforms by which the Mining Bnreau will be abolished, a 
Are Needed, great injury will be worked to an industry which 
is destined to become again one of the greatest in 
the State. While it must be admitted that there are a number of 
reforms badly needed in tbe management of this institution, they 
are not of a nature which warrant tbe statement that tbe money 
advanced by the State is expended to any idle purpose. There 
are a number of sinecures attached to the Bureau which could be 
dispensed with, but that is a mailer within the jurisdiction of the 
State mineralogist entirely. The allowance is not a cent in excess 
of tbe sum required to secure tbe utility of the institution, and an 
increase would be more advisable than tbe proposed intrench- 
ment. That there are a number of Bureaus wbich are simply 
sinks for public money is an undeniable fact, but that of mining 
is not one of them. Some very valuable work has been performed 
by the latter in the interests of mining, and there is a wide field 
yet for investigation of our mineral resources, which can be car- 
ried on only under a systematic and expert management with 
financial assistance from tbe State. It is good policy to scrutinize 
the system of tbe officials in control from time to time by legis- 
lative committees of the right kind, but beyond this supervision 
for the purpose of enlarging, if possible, the usefulness of the Bu- 
reau, any action of the 8tate government would work a serious 
injury to an industry which should be fostered at this period 
more than ever it has been in tbe past. 

$ $ $ 
Tbe latest addition to the California representa- 
tive mining men in the 8outh African gold fields is 
R. H. Carvill, who has left here for London, where 
be has been retained as manager of the New 
Band Company's extensive property. From Mr. CarvilPs expe- 
rience on tbe Coast, including Mexico and Central America, and 
his acknowledged all-round ability to fill so responsible a posi- 
tion, we can congratulate the company upon the fact that they 
have got the right man. 

Another Mar] 

For Africa . 

Gold Miqing When the Alaska mine, of Sierra County, was 
by started up some time ago on the co-operative 

Go-Operation, plan, tbe success of the experiment was ques- 
tioned in many quarters. Everything worked 
out all right, however. The Orleans Mining Company, of Ne- 
County, is now following the example, and others will fall into line 
as the system becomes more generally understood. This is the 
proper plan for a Miners' Union, where they can dictate unto 
themselves and let the capitalist run his concerns in his own way. 
The plan has worked well in Australia from tbe earliest days of 
gold mining, when the Ballarat diggings were in their glory, and 
it has also been tried here to good advantage, as the pioneer 
miners will admit who worked their claims on a partnership 
basis, with about enough money among the crowd to buy an 
outfit, and sometimes a very poor one, at that. Men might a 
great deal better ply the pick and shovel to possible advantage 
in this way than to lounge around the whisky shops in a camp 
waiting for some mining man to drop in with a scheme. Many 
opportunities offer to open up mines in this way, and it will be a 
good day for the State when the system is more generally 

$ $ $ 



Science Will 

Be Worked. 

Business on Fine street has been, if anything, duller 
than usual during the week now ended, and prices 
have been very weak in most instances. This seems 
strange in face of the good reports which continue 
to come from the mines, in some of which, notably at the north 
end of the lode, an improvement is noted. Times have sadly 
changed in the stock business when a valuable ore strike fails to 
enthuse dealers. At present it is the better class of stocks which 
suffer tbe most through the stagnation in business. The smaller 
priced shares are in a great measure lifeless. Crown Point holds 
its own financially now at the south end by an output of bullion 
which is large enough to keep expenses down considerably. In 
Alta the news from the upraise on the 825 level is of a very favor- 
able character, and ore extraction is now going on at a rate which 
will warrant the mill starting up shortly. There is a good show- 
ing in Hale & Norcross which it is hoped will tell for the benefit 
of tbe stockholders. An assessment of 10 cents has been levied 
on Bullion. 

$ $ $ 
There is again a prospect that the old Iron Moun- 
tain mine, of 8hasta County, will be operated. 
Messrs. Hill and Thompson are now in this city 
representing an English syndicate wbich has in 
view the introduction of a new and scientific system of ore re- 
duction on this property. Although the sale has been reported 
several times within the past month, it has not yet been closed, 
and negotiations are still pending. There are also quite a num- 
ber of other propositions wbich the promoters claim are certain 
fixtures, but in nine cases out or ten it is all talk. As a matter 
of fact, money is not very plentiful either in the East or Europe 
for investment in this State. There are too many bunco men in 
the business. 

$ $ $ 

Business The New York stock market has been somewhat 
in dull during the past week, with a rather depressed 

New York, feeling, long holders becoming tired and selling 
out. The greatest depression was shown in Read- 
ing, wbich dropped from 14J to 8, recovering 1J from the bottom. 
The failure of tbe reorganization plan to go through was tbe 
cause of the decline. Northern Pacific was raided by the bears 
upon rumors of financial trouble. Oregon Navigation was sold 
down two points on realizing by long holders. The Industrial 
group has been ratber active, especially Chicago Gas fluctuating 
rapidly. The general sentiment regarding stocks seems bearish. 
Many attempts to bull them have proven unsuccessful. There 
seems nothing at present to encourage investment buying. A 
better market is looked for after Congress adjourns. Money is 
easy on good securities. 

Fireman's The thirty-second annual meeting of the Fireman's 
Fund Fund Insurance Company was held on Tuesday 

Election. last. The financial statement furnished showed 
that business was very prosperous during the year. 
Tbe net assets aggregated $3,420,861 14, and tbe Income for the 
year from all sources was $1,916,205 54. There was a net sur- 
plus for tbe year of $846,267 81, against $733,067 58 for tbe pre- 
vious year. Tbe following officers were elected for tbe ensuing 
year: D. J. Staples, President; W. 8. Dutton, Vice-President; 
B. Faymonville, Second Vice-President and Secretary; J. B. Lev- 
eson, Marine Secretary; Louis Weinman, Assistant Secretary; 
Stephen D. Ives, General Agent, and Thomas Chard, John O. 
Earl, J. C. Coleman, John Barton, J. T. Wright, F. W. Loogie, 
John H. Gardner, W. H. Brown, and John Birmingham, Di- 
rectors. The quarterly dividend of $3 per share was paid. 

$ $ $ 

THE Pacific Insurance Union is no more, and the compact now 
in the process of formation will in the future be known as 
the Board of Fire Underwriters of the Pacific. 

January 2fl, 189.V 



"Bur the Crier!" "What the devil »rt thou: 1 
"One that will pin the devil. «lr. with roa." 

THE shepherds, ever soiloni lo agitate the Book 
Hy talking freely on divorce, have made a social shock 
At Ibis part of the century, when all is fast and loose. 
Tbty claim the cutting of the knot an infamous abuse, 

Aod say that George and Kllen — do matter how they war 

Should live together till they're called to where all sinners are. 

If Augustine and Charles (as things are going now) 

Should oo some matters trivial get tangled in a row, 

The lady will not dream at all her angry thoughts to smother, 

But calls a back and packs her trunk and flies oft* to her mother, 

While Charles, quite indifferent to such domestic snub, 

Packs up bis trunk and goes to live in quiet at his club. 

And then arrives the sequel, just as a thing of course: 

Both parties call in lawyers, both sue for a divorce. 

Now should divorce grow out of date, poor injured Augustine 

And Charles would be every hour a sorry pair, I ween. 

They'd sit at the same table, but never speak a word; 

They'd glare at one another, by angry passions stirred. 

Cold water would Augustine drink, while Charles sipped his 

And none wonld the grim silence break, none dare to cross the 

Perhaps things might be better, perhaps tbey might be worse; 
But one of life's necessities to-day is the divorce. 

' ' l\/r^ 8E ' " 8aid Dr- D '" e ' tts be lighted a fresh cigar at the Police 
1V1 Commissioner's counter, "why don't you work the reform 
racket, join our Civic Federation, and pull with us for pure 
politics? Nothing pays like respectability, if you know how to 
work it. Look at me. J'm always to the front when there is 
talk of reform. What we want is more politics in the pulpit and 
more pulpit in politics. Fact is, preaching the old-fashioned 
gospel, in the plain old way, is played out. What the people 
want is to have the preachers roast somebody every Sunday. Of 
course I don't get after anybody in my own congregation, though 
between you and me, Mose, some of them are pretty tough and 
deserve to be shown up for their sneaking hypocrisy. If I could 
afford it, I would give them a dose of hot stuff some day, such as 
I pour into the Catholic priesthood now and then. Jerusalem! 
Here it is two o'clock, and I'm down for a speech at that hour in 
a ward meeting out on Mission street. Good-bye; I hope you'll 
be with us soon." 

THERE appears to be some hopes of removing the People's 
Home 8avings Bank affairs from the list of sensations. For 
almost two years it has figured in the columns of the daily press 
as tbe particular scandal of the day, and the appointment of 
the pompous General John F. Sheehan as receiver and manager 
did not place it in the line of ultimate extinction as a sensational 
nursery. Now we are assured that the injured depositors have 
control, and having passed it over to the management of new 
hands, they hope to have matters so adjusted tbat they may 
know just how much they owe the men who have absorbed 
their earnings. It has been one of tbe most brilliant illustra- 
tions of misplaced confidence in the history of swindling, and as 
the patriarch Job remarked, the shrewdest depositor " only 
escaped by the skin of his teeth." 

TWO months ago Maurice Lea received from the Olympic Club 
a prize for boxing, the trophy being a watch " valued at 
seventy-five dollars." It soon needed cleaning, and he gave it to 
one Dubois for that purpose. Dubois, with a weakness made 
strong by need and effective by opportunity, pawned it for four- 
teen dollars. His arrest on a charge of felony was secured, and 
he showed at tbe trial that his crime was only a misdemeanor, 
the retail value of the watch being only about forty-five dollars — 
juBt under the fifty-dollar line between misdemeanor and felony. 
But it was not seventy-five dollars. And now the summit of 
Olympus is rent by clamor over the little scandal. "Ah, yes, 
madame," confessed a weeping unfortunate girl, "I am the 
mother of this baby, but see 1 it is such a little one! " 

THE McNab contest for tbe office of Sheriff has been with- 
drawn, but oh, what a corrupt and infamous blotch it exposed 
in the way of fraud and perjury! There has been no such moral 
terpitude exhibited in this city since the war. The re- 
sponsibility of bringing these criminals to justice rests with the 
officers of the law and the courts, but will they do it ? There is 
no occasion to put detectives on tbe track, for tbey are all known 
and their names are of record. It is not the particular individuals, 
but the gangs, who are the criminals. They can be counted by 
hundreds, and no guilty man should escape. Tbey are all bad 
eggs, and should not be permitted to incubate and breed another 
such a rotten set. Let us have some fearful examples of justice 
while the soil is in good condition. 

WHY Intelligent. cultivated women In this enlightened ag<- 
wlU ill lot two hours and listen to a woman whose figure 
Is developed mostly by pads, whose hair is golden by artifice, 
and whose cheeks and eyes are colored beyond all possibility of 
concealment, seems strange beyond comprehension. That the 
age of Mrs. Yale Is forty. two no one who baa seen her believes 
for one moment. Hhe Is a young, shapely woman, acting in the 
capacity of an advertisement for a firm whose business It Is to 
concoct decoctions, salves, tonics, etc., for fool women to buy. 
A woman who grows old, whose personal charms have faded, 
and whose Btrengtb of intellect has dimmed, may be somewhat 
excused for occupying a front row in tbe orchestra, but any 
young woman who has hair on the place where the wool ought 
to grow, who has a natural, healthy color, and who is not blink- 
ing in the shades of second childhood, should show her contempt 
and uphold her dignity by a conspicuous absence. One can but 
Rrieve that ignorance makes this form of rascality possible. 
Quackery seems to be the surest and quickest way of obtaining 
money dishonestly, and there should be some law in tbe land 
which would reach feeble-minded women and prevent the use- 
less throwing away of tbe hard-earned almighty dollar. 
IF such a thing as audacious insanity is conceivable, the new 
old Bulletin Is. With excruciating solemnity it editorially 
adopts and elaborates the theory (which it accepts as a fact), that 
the retina of a dying person's eye retains a " photograph" of the 
things seen in arliculu mortis. Its proof is a story that some 
Coroner has discovered a murderer by that process. If the micro- 
scope can make such a discovery as tbat it assuredly can read the 
complex tale of memory in a dead brain, and be able to describe, 
from an examination of a dead man's hand, what he touched last 
while living. Instead of opening the stomach of a poisoned 
cadaver, the papilla; of his tongue shall be made to speak photo- 
graphically. The daily papers publish so many absurd stories 
in their eagerness to entertain ignorant readers that they come to 
believe their fabrications. But oh, how good old Deacon Fitch 
must writhe as he thus sees his sturdy old ship manned by swag- 
gering pirates, who paint their faces, get fighting drunk, and 
scream dreadfully! 

A DISINTERESTED looker-on might have enjoyed the scene 
that occurred in the business office of M. A. Gunst, when the 
citizens' committee waited upon him to request him to resign the 
office of Police Commissioner. It was an office he had not sought, 
and, up to this time, he had not demonstrated his fitness for 
the position. All he had to show was a unanimous certificate as 
a man of honesty and integrity. Bnt when the insolent pro- 
posal was made by the meddlesome committee, he exhibited the 
trait of a courteous gentleman by refraining from kicking them 
out of his office, as he would have been perfectly justifiable in 
doing under the circumstances. This is tbe only weakness he 
exhibited which might unfit him for the position. 

BY insisting that the organized " reform " crusade against 
official corruption should be kept out of the bands of mounte- 
banks, Archbishop Riordan clearly means to say that it has fallen 
thereinto. The mountebanks' sweet unconsciousness of their own 
mountebankery will prohibit tbeir acceptance of this rebuke; 
and hence the Archbishop is unkind in failing to separate the 
harmless and amusing clowns from the adventurers, tricksters, 
and preach-mouthers associated with them. We respectfully sug- 
gest to the Archbishop that he owes either an apology or an ex- 
planation to Messrs. Sutro, Hearst, Gaden, Monteith, Dille, and 
Henry — whether an apology or an explanation we shall leave it 
entirely with him to decide. 

VOTING machines may make the process of casting a ballot 
less intricate, but they never can get their honest work In on 
registration and an honest count of the ballots. That Is where 
the rascality of genius gets its fingers in, and until fraud at the 
ballot-box is made treasonable, and a few plug-uglies are sent to 
hades by the gallows route, there is no escape from a vigilance 
committee or a rush to anarchy. The people are long-suffering 
and slow to anger, but when aroused to the importance of pro- 
tecting tbeir rights to an honest expression of their will through 
the ballot box, they are fierce in their wrath. 

MIGHT just as well try to cork up the clouds to stop rain dur- 
ing an equinoxial storm as to try to prevent lawyers from 
kicking np a muss over a millionaire's will. Jim Fair exercised 
his genius and craft in attempting to prevent a legal loot, but the 
talent is unlocking the pads with as much method as tbe train- 
wrecker employs in trying to reach the express box. That pow- 
erful array of legal giants bodes no good for the orphans, and 
while the opposing attorneys fight during the day, they no doubt 
have pleasant evenings putting up a job in view of those forty 

IT bas been the custom of the Olympic Club to allow its mem- 
bers the free use of its telephone. This rule has been recently 
strained in particular cases against certain users of the telephone, 
even including members who have always been prompt in pay- 
ing their dnes and biHe. It is so singular an occurrence, and so 
contrary to the usage of clubs to which gentlemen belong, that 
many of the best members are wondering if an era of general 
demoralization is upon the institution. 



January 26, 1895. 

THE succession to the presidency of France was settled last 
week by tbe election to that office of M. Felix Faure, a reput- 
able merchant who has taken part in public affairs for some time 
as a moderate Republican. At the time of bis election M. Faure 
occupied a seat in the Chamber of Deputies and held a portfolio 
in tbe Dupuy Cabinet as Minister of Marine. He is not, there- 
fore, an unknown man, but, on the other hand, he is not a great 
or commanding figure as a leader of any school of political 
thought. The general trend of belief seems to be that tbe condi- 
tions under which be came into office are not such as presage a 
long life for his administration ; at the same time it is undeniable 
that the mixed situation which exists in French parliamentary 
circles at the present time makes tbe success of a comparatively 
colorless President more possible than that of a man of strong 
political personality. M. Faure has not brought with him to the 
presidency any very pronounced individuality either in regard to 
political or personal affairs , and for that reason he will not provoke 
that torrent of personal criticism to which his predecessor was 
subject. He is simply a mild representative of the conservative 
sentiment in French politics. 

The difficulty which the new President bas experienced in ob- 
taining a Cabinet is thoroughly illustrative of tbe cross purpuses 
which prevail among those who have the destinies of France in 
their hands at this time. Up to the time of writing this, no 
Cabinet has been formed, though tbe President has entrusted the 
task of forming one to the leader of the Radicals and given him 
especially wide latitude in the matter of policy. Indeed, the 
efforts which have been made in the direction of cabinet building 
seem to have been conducted with a view to securing a composite 
Ministry which is to have no policy of its own in regard to the 
public questions of the day, and, therefore, to be impervious to 
adverse votes at tbe Chamber, which imply a lack of confidence. 
As the parliamentary system of France is similar to that of Great 
Britain, and the Ministry of tbe day merely a special committee 
of the Chamber, this effort to relieve it of responsibility to Ihe 
creative body seems like trying to enact tbe play of Hamlet with 
the role of Hamlet left out. General Boulanger was denounced 
for wanting to amend the Constitution by substituting the Amer- 
ican system of a non-representative Cabinet for tbe English sys- 
tem of a representative one. Tbe change would make the Presi- 
dent a vastly greater power in the nation, but it would also serve 
to give the governmental institutions of tbe country a stability 
which they mow lack. Tbe legislative anthority would still hold 
the purse-strings and in many other ways hold tbe executive 
authority subject to it. At tbe same time these continuous 
Cabinet crises wonld be avoided and there would be no need to 
hunt for a Ministry to deal with affairs in regard to which it pro- 
fessed to have no mind of its own, and in tbe composition of 
which the question of personal fitness for executive duties is so 
entirely left on one side that (as is tbe case in Paris at the pres- 
ent time) it may be proposed, in some instances, to distribute the 
portfolios by lot. A government conducted on those lines is too 
'much of a gamble. What is wanted in France just now is a 
division of political sentiment on lines of well defined though 
'broad policy, and the operation of the government under the 
policy that is most popular. 

Notwithstanding the pessimistic predictions of tbe correspon- 
dents, political affairs in Germany seem to be moving along in 
the same old way, and there is no appearance of tbat structural 
crack in the empire of which we beard so moch a month or two 
ago. This does not imply that Chancellor Hohenlobe's parlia- 
mentary policy is meeting with success, for it is not, and the 
present indications are that the anti-Socialist bill, which is the 
key-note of thai policy, will fail of passage in the Reichstag. 
That, however, does not amount to a great deal. Bismarck's 
legislative schemes often failed of fructification. There is a u ide 
difference between a passing and superficial lack of harmony be- 
tween the executive and legislative branches of a government 
and a fundamental disloyalty toward that government of some of 
the elements of which it is created. Tbe Emperor's character- 
istically pyrotechnical talk about dark days being ahead seems 
to have afflicted the correspondents with hysteria. - 

Tbe revolt in Honolulu, of which we received information on 
last Friday evening, seems to have been forced to a pre mat are 
head — probably as a result of the betrayal of the plans of tbe 
revolutionists. So far the news that we have received bas come 
from government sources, and yet, if it is read carefully, it shows 
on its face that a great deal is being held back. There are certain 
indications which must lead the close observer to predict tbat 
when we get a full account of what has been transpiring on tbe 
islands witbin the past few weeks, we shall have a record of 
official oppression and military brutality that will make a com- 
panion pictnre to the outrages which tbe Turks are accused of 

having perpetrated upon the Armenian Christians. It is to be 
borne in mind in ibis connection that the accounts which have 
come to hand show that there has as yet been no revolution in 
Hawaii. What has happened is that the government forces 
have uncovered a little band of natives, apparently not more than 
thirty or forty in number, who were preparing for a revolution- 
ary movement. This small band does not represent tbe disloyal 
sentiment of tbe islands. There are forty thousand Kanakas, 
every one of whom is thoroughly disloyal to the present oligarchy 
and anxious to see Liliuokalani restored to her throne. In addi- 
tion to that a large element of the white population regarded, and 
still regard, tbe casting down of tbe native government by the 
Boston's marines as a shamefnl act of piracy which should be un- 
done. At its best the present government never commanded the 
support of more than three thousand out of the eleven thonsand 
electors on the islands (and tbat registration disfranchised a very 
large element of tbe native residents wbo should have been 
allowed to vote); and of tbat three thousand a large number are 
now, we are creditably informed, dissatisfied with it. Obviously 
a government of that kind can exist only by force, and can be no 
more a republic (which is a government by a majority of tbe 
people) than the government of Russia, or Turkey, or China is. 
It is also obvious tbat when less than three thousand foreigners 
seize upon and cast down the government of a country which is 
supported by forty thousand loyal natives, as well as by large 
numbers of other well disposed alien residents, the usurpers must 
expect revolutions, and can only hope to hold their position by de- 
stroying every vestige of human liberty and resorting to the 
same methods as those employed by Russia in holding Poland. 
Those Americans who support this sort of thing must have trav- 
eled very far afield from tbe memories of Bunker Hill and the 
principles of tbe Declaration of Independence. 

The position of affairs between Mexico and Guatemala, in re- 
gard to the boundary dispute, begins to look very ominous. 
There is something behind this quarrel that does not seem clear. 
In the nature of things Guatemala could not expect to maintain 
a conflict witb Mexico. Such a war would be as a battle between 
a giant and a pigmy. But there are rumors of an alliance between 
Guatemala and other Central American States against Mexico. 
Why this alliance? Is Mexico regarded as a common foe? The 
dispute between Mexico and Guatemala is a mere local question. 
It does not carry with it any sentiment which would be ex- 
pected to create sympathy witb neighboring States unless it is 
that Mexico bas been carrying things with such a bigh hand with 
all of them that they are obliged to unite against ber. 

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children while teething. 



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January 26, 189.'.. 





E lit od the stair, she and I, 

And the music came dreamy and 
And sweet was tbe light In her eye, 

And charming her cheeks' rosy 
Silent we sat on tbe winding stair, 

Fsr from the madding crowd ; 
An Incense rose np from her hair, 

And came like a perfumed cloud. 
It's really too bad," I eaid to her, 

As I gently stooped and kissed her, 
That you are not some other girl 

Than my young, pretty sister." 


THE hostess who still keeps up tbe old 
fashion of open house to-day, accom- 
panied with liquid refreshments, may like 
to refresh ber mind with some new mix- 
tures that may fill the Mowing punch bowl 
to the delectation, but unfortunately to 
the temptation also, of susceptible youths. 

One of tbe easiest made and also one of 
the two most famous punches offered to 
Washington society is that prepared by 
Senator Gibson, of Maryland. As near as 
its composition has ever been discovered 
by envious and inquisitive people it is 
made by pouring several quart bottles of 
well-iced champagne over a couple of 
quart bottles of lemon sherbet placed on a 
large block of ice. 

Here is something that sounds very in- 

Tea Punch. 

(Use heated metal bowl). 

Take one-half pint of good brandy, one- 
half pint of rum, one-quarter pound of 
loaf sugar, dissolved in water; one ounce 
of best green tea, one quart of boiling 
water, and one large lemon. 

Infuse tbe tea in tbe water. Warm a 
silver or other metal bowl nntil quite hot; 
place in it tbe brandy, rum, sugar, and the 
juice of the lemon. Tbe oil of the lemon 
peel should be first obtained by rubbing 
with a few lumps of sugar. Set the con- 
tents of the bowl on fire; and while flam- 
ing pour in tbe tea gradually, stirring with 
a ladle. It will continue to burn for some 
time, and should be ladled into glasses 
while in that condition. A heated metal 
bowl will cause the punch to burn longer 
than if a china bowl is used. 

Clabet Cup. 
To a bottle of light claret add half a pint 
of cold water, a tablespoon! ul of powdered 
sugar, and a drachm each of cinnamon, 
cloves, and allspice, finely powdered. 
Mix all well together, then add to the cap 
half the thin rind of a small lemon, and 
pat on the top a sprig of borage. In India 
slices of fresh lime are substituted for the 
lemon, and a green chili and a glass of 
brandy added. 


Take the juice of ten lemons and two 
sweet oranges and dissolve in it two 
pounds of fine powdered sugar; add tbe 
thin rind of one lemon and one orange, 
and let it stand one hour; then strain it 
through lawn; stir In by degrees the 
whites of ten eggs beat to a froth , and 
freeze tbe mixture in an ice pail; when 
wanted, mix together a pint of rum, half 
a pint of brandy, a cup of green tea, and a 
pint of champagne, and add the ice, stirring 
it briskly till it dissolves. 

There was no bud; no bloom upon tbe 
bowers; the spiders wove their thin 
shrouds night by night; the thistle-down, 
the only ghost of flowers, sailed slowly 

by, passed noiseless out of sight T. B. 


" n YP ' ,the O om W a de Merteli Is (be 
U author of this definition of chic 
■ Clue does not replace distinction: it is 
something else. A distinguished man or 
woman can be chic without at tbe same 
time ceasing t.> be distingue What Is 
above everything else Indispensable In 
order to have Ohio Is to have personality — 
a personality well denned, accentuated. 
One must be one's self, with one's own 
qualities, defects, and hobbies, and no one 

Till- Y tail us of an Indian tree, whlob, 
hnwtoe'er the son and sky may tempt 
Its bonghs to wander free, and sboot and 
blossom wide and high, far better lovas 
to bend Its arms downward again to that 
dear earth from which the life that fills 
and warns Its grateful being first had 
birth, TIs thus, though wooed by Natter- 
ing friend-, and led with fame, if fame It 
be, my heart, my own dear mother, bends 
with love's true Instinct back to tbee. — 
Phofbt Cari/- 

Blood Diseases 

such as Scrofula and Anremia, Skin Eruptions and Pale or 
Sallow Complexions, are speedily cured by 

Scott's Emulsion 

the Cream of Cod-liver Oil. No other rem- 
edy so quickly and effectively enriches and 
purifies the blood and gives nourishment 
to the whole system. It is pleasant to take 
and easy on the stomach. 

Thin, Emaciated Persons and all 
suffering from Wasting Diseases are re- 
stored to health by Scptt's Emulsion. 

Be sure you get the bottle with our 
trade-mark on it. Refuse cheap substitutes! 
Send/or pamphlet on ScoWs Emulsion. FREE. 
Scott & Bowne, N. Y. All druggists. 50 cents and $1. 



Distilled and bottled by 

^^•FiSrc^y n ISKY 

WalKei^ille, Canada. 

The age and genuineness of this whisky are guaranteed by the Excise Department 
of the Canadian Government by certificate over the capsule of every bottle. Prom the 
moment of manufacture until this certificate is affixed, the whisky never leaves the custody 
of the Excise officers. No other Government in the world provides for consumers this in- 
dependent and absolute guarantee of purity and ripeness. " CANADIAN CLUB " whisky 
is particularly adapted for medicinal use. 

For sale hy all first-class Grocers, Druggists, and Dealers. SELLING AGENTS: 

William Wolff & Co. - - San Francisco, Cal. 



i Almost Perfection. We will send on receipt 

. a sample to any address. Prices of Golden 

( Soeptre, lib,, $1.30 ; ^ lb., 40 ots., postage paid. 


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M. BLASKOWER &. CO., 22B Montgomery St., 




January 26, 1895. 

WOMEN are never tired singing the praises of the fancy bodice. 
It shows the rare combination of beanty and economy. The 
society girl this season, in selecting her evening gowns, is pur- 
chasing three bodices to one skirt. The most popular skirt is of 
moire or satin, and each dainty bodice is made in a strikingly 
different design. In this way the society belle appears to have 
many varying costumes. A charming bodice which would look 
well with almost any skirt is of white crepe de chine, trimmed 
with gorgeous Vandyke points in gold. The square, low-cut neck 
is outlined by a trimming of gold spangles and white pearls. From 
this trimming the Vandyke points are arranged over the corsage, 
showing a slight puffing of crepe de chine between each point. 
The sleeve is an airy butterfly of the white crepe, stiffened until 
it assumes huge proportions and caught in the center with a 
cluster of yellow roses. This bodice is also effective if jet Vandyke 
points are used with any delicately tinted chiffon or crepe. It 
may be worn to the theatre by covering the neck with a yoke or 
black net and wearing long black gloves which meet the short 

The newest fashion is likely if it spreads to make us all resem- 
ble Joan of Arcs in mailed suits. Joan at the stake never charmed 
us in the least, but Joan in a fine shining suit of mail always did 
create envy. Now we can all go and do likewise and Maud 
Banks will not enjoy a monopoly on the glittering chest pro- 
tectors. The very latest caprice in neck arrangements is large, 
deep yokes of net closely covered with iridescent or bright steel 
spangles lapping one over the other just like a suit of armor. 
These yokes extend from sleeve to sleeve and from the neck well 
down on the bust line and are edged with lace or fringes of beads. 
They are exceeding brilliant, and a girl who wears one resembles 
a snake cbarmer or some other dazzling scale-covered fascinator. 
As they seem to grow larger there may be a return of the all-over 
beaded waist that was once so popular, and yet such a bother to 
the young woman who had to keep the beads sewed on. 

Wide belts are among the novelties to alture feminines who de- 
light in decorative fallals. Some of these girdles are almost as 
wide and as deep as a bodice. The " butterfly " belt is among the 
prettiest of these adornments. It is made in a variety of materials. 
The most elegant combination is in satin ribbon of any color. The 
" butterfly," which does duty as a buckle, is entirely composed 
of a pearl and crystal or jet butterfly, as is preferred. The curve 
of the wings is especially adaptable and becoming to the blouse 
fronts in chiffon. The belt is finished with a rosette in the back. 
Everything in nature has been plagiarized — not even the cabbage 
has escaped, for the little ornamental " choux " bows are modeled 
after this humble vegetable. Fashion seeks inspiration every- 
where, and the wonder is what next in nature will be counter- 
feited in the modes of the hour. 

By selecting one or two handsome black skirts and one dark 
serviceable one for general wear, one is enabled this season to 
have an endless variety of toilets, if a pretty selection of fancy 
waists in different styles is chosen. Blouses which on their first 
appearance gave rather a careless and dowdy effect even to a 
graceful figure, and rendered an indifferent one actually grotesque, 
are now cut with such exactitude, and adjusted smoothly over 
closely fitted linings, that one can only admire them as most be- 
coming and useful adjuncts of the toilet. With many women 
the corsage becomes worn and somewhat passe, while the skirt is 
still in good order. The latter can, therefore, do double service if 
a pretty blouse is worn alternately with the bodice proper of the 
costume, and it affords a welcome relief to the eye. 

Old laces come in very handy at modern weddings. A little 
dove-like bride, recently married at home, was distinguished by 
a robe of white corded silk, on the skirt of which was a deep 
flounce of rose point lace, which was worn by her mother on a 
similar occasion. The immense sleeves, which reached to the 
elbow, were composed entirely of orange blossoms. A long veil 
of tulle was fastened to the hair by a number of mother-of-pearl 

How do you make the new gown ? Of the skirt nothing need 
be said. It is quite plain, stiffened all around, except just over 
the hips in front, or it may be slashed broadly at the sides, over 
velvet. A satisfactory bodice style is the moderate blouse, with 
the large box pleat just in front. At the neck a rather large vel- 
vet yoke is inserted that has doubled velvet loops falling over the 

Where it is found most becoming to wear the hair low, a coil of 
Marteaux puffs, falling low on the neck, will be pretty for even- 
ing wear. The ornamental comb holds the coil securely and un- 
dulating bandeaux partly cover the ears. 

A Feeling of Security 
goes with every pack- 
i age of Pearline. It 
A secures cleanlinesswith 
\ little labor ; it secures 
' comfort in all house- 
work, and better work all 
over the house. It does 
away with danger as it 
/ does away with hard 
m work. Pearline secures 
from harm anythingthat 
canbewashed. Anything can be washed easily 
and safely by securing Pearline. 

Bof imitations which are being peddled from door 
CWclTG lo d° or - First quality goods do not require such 
desperate methods to sell them. PEARLINE sells 
on its merits, and is manufactured only by 

ao8 JAMES PYLE, New York. 


are made with the 


For fine shooting they are simply perfect. 


The Model American Caterer. 

1206 SUTTER ST., S. F. Telephone 2388. 





CHA8. A. LATON, Manager. 439 California Street, S. F. 


William Macdonald, Manager. D. E. Miles, Ass't Manager. 


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Net Surplus Over Liabilities 3,116,305 

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SUN INSURANCE OFFICE. Ot LOntlOn. [Founded ad. mo. 

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WD. i . LANDERS, Manager for the Pacific Coast. 205 Sansoine St., Hear Pine. 




OFFICE— 415 California St. 

Telephone Main, 1184. 

January 26, 1895. 




ONK trouble, which has long been recognized In Americans as 
ft people, ii their enthusiasm tor new things. A radical inno- 
vation li made In dress and every one drops the old si>les to 
adopts the new, in which he may not appear as wen as in the 
one discarded. The only excuse for such a move is " the style." 
Oar candid opinion is, to be in style, becomingness is better than 
to appear in •• the latest " at a disadvantage. 

Different authorities on evening dress, both here and abroad, 
agree on the straight high collar with Utile or no space in front. 
On this point an English writer says: "Of course, such a collar is 
a physical impossibility to some men. and to them it is allowable 
to bend the points sufficiently to give comfort." There is but 
one accepted cuff for evening dress, and that is the link. In point 
of artistic beauty this cuff supplants all others. Recent Innova- 
tions in the construction and the appearance of the 'Duplex" 
links have brought it nearer to perfection. 

For evening wear very little difference is noted in the coat from 
last year, the possible exception being made for a slight shorten- 
ing of the skirt, and the same being a little less rounded. The 
cot of the evening dress vest is a frequent topic for discussion. 
It is a noticeable fact, however, that but one general shape is 
shown for the winter of 1891 95, the tendency being toward the 
'» V " effect. Trousers are made wider at the knee and narrower 
at the bottom, which is a stride toward the old-time peg-top. 

Jewelry in evening dress should be conspicuously absent, and 
what is worn should be of the plainest kind. Nothing shows 
ignorance of correct dressing plainer than a conspicuous display 
of jewelry, plain dull studs iu gold, with cuff buttons to match, 
and perhaps a fob, which should be of black twisted silk, being 
the limit. 

Much has been said concerning the bow — whether the self-tied 
or the made-up is the proper thing. The preference is for the 
former. In favor of the latter are the facls that few wearers are 
able to tie a respectable bow, and also that many of the made-up 
bows can only be distinguished by an experienced eye. 

Innovations in gloves are few and far between. The heavy 
walking gloves predominate for outdoor wear, while pearl kid 
with glace finish is most popular for dress use. Those troubled 
with perspiration in the latter will find a welcome auxiliary in 
thin woven cloth between the fingers. 

Fancy bosomed shirts, even with a single line of embroidery 
near the center, have long rested in obscurity. There is an effort 
being made in England to restore the plaited shirt, which, it is 
hoped, will fail. Nothing is so dressy as the plain bosom, with 
one, two, or three studs, preferably two. 

The correct overcoat is the long (not extreme) one, and may be 
either single or double breasted. We have heard some condemna- 
tion of this style, in which the authorities confounded the spring 
and winter styles. The light-weight coat will be shorter. 

The numerous styles in protectors, which are being shown 
about town, bear conclusive evidence that the same are much in 
vogue this season. Especially worthy of mention, in point of 
both beauty and efficiency, is the "Ohumley." 

Semi-dress is covered by a variety of garments, any one of 
which may be considered stylish. The two most prominent are 
the three button cutaway of medium length, and the frock closed 
with three buttons. 

In hats the bell crown with high rolling brim leads all others. 
We have noted an attempt to introduce the square-crowned derby, 
which is not meeting with popular approbation. 

In scarfdom we note about the same variety as last season. 
Wider ends and smaller knots will be most popular. 

The style of shoes set is the silk-top patent leather gaiter, for 
evening use, although other styles in lace shoes may be worn 
with perfect propriety. 

The Inverness is the dress top-coat, and in point of efficiency is 
a beautiful production. 

— New York Clothier and Furnisher, 

The Original Swain's Bakery, 213 Sutter street, will remain the 
favorite lunching, dining and catering establishment, and seller of all 
sorts of edible dainties in the shape of sweetmeats and pastries, as 
long as the good sense of the people of San Francisco remains at its 
present high state of development. Everybody knows what a delight- 
ful place Swain's always is. 

xisr sTjieA.jsroB). 



insuranoe Company, 

CAPITAL^SI, 000,000 . | ASSETS, $3,00 0,000. 

V. Unu i>i i.ii.hl, nanager for Hip I'aclnc loasl Branch. 
„ SSO Nil il»uiiif St., 8. P. 



Agents City Department. 
23a Californ ia St., s. F..i'al. 



Storage Capacity, Ton.. Regular WanhoMei",, 
Francisco Frodnce Exchange Call Board. 

wShVhe uS?MmS?S^ e the . l f ges i on the PaoIflc Co,lst ' and «« lurnlahed 
I iSn „« >, st . lm P r °Vfments for the rapid handling and storing oi Grain 

ftSana "smutty' SffiS? W " h ' he be6t aad ""westLaohinery Meaning 

Money advanced at lowest rates o£ interest on grain stored in Warehouses 

Office of the Company, 202 Sanso me St., over the Anglo-Callfornla Bank. 


0APITAL ^ *6,700.0C0 



. No. 316 California Street, San Franclicc. 


OF BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS. Assets ( 19,724,538.45 


HENRY K. FIELD, General Agent, 
__ Wills Building Montgomery Street, Sa n Francisco. 


Established 1825. 

Capital, 82,260,000. Total Assets, $8,854,663 86 

United States Department: 204 SANSOME ST., SAN FRANCISCO. 
VOSS, fOBBAD A CO., General Managers. 






These three Companies are liable jointly and severally tor all Losses that 
may be sustained. 

HARRY W. SYZ, General Agent, 
410 California St., San Fr ancisco, Cal 


[Established by Royal Charter, 1720. | 


[Established 1836.] 
Office— Northwest corner Sacramento and Montgomery Street. 

GEO. F. GRANT, Manager 



Capital Paid Up l 500,000 

Assets 8,181,758 

Surplus to Policy Holders 1,525,167 


401 Montgomery Street. 

BOYD & DICKSON, S. F. Agents, 

SOI Montgomery Street 



(Incorporated A. D., 1799.) 

BUTLER & HALDAN, Gen'l Agents, 

413 California Street, San Francisco 



January 26, 1895. 


DR. Jerome A. Anderson, of tais city, has recently published a 
volume of poems, with the somewhat unhappy title of Drift- 
ings in Dreamland. The volume contains many poetical gems, 
among the minor ones being tbe following: 


O, sullen sea, that fling'st thy waves 

Against tbe adamantine rock, 
Which age on age thy fury braves, 

Canst thou forbear the hopeless shock ? 
brooklet, murmuring through tbe lea 

Where buttercups and pansies grow, 
The gray, dead sea awaiteth thee, 

Yet canst thou stay thine onward flow? 
O soul, that beatest 'gainst the bars 

Which gall and chafe thy prisoned life, 
Defeat has marred a thousand wars, 

Yet canst thou cease the bootless strife? 


How sweet will earth life seem ! 
Who has not passed through troubled times, where foes 
Made life a weary burden, till arose 
Betimes strong friends, who stayed his sinking hands, 
And victory wrought? Yet when the shifting sands 
Of life have thrown that barren waste of time 
Far in the past, how discords melt to rhyme! 
How do the false, the wrong fade from our view, 
Leaving undirnmed the good, the beautiful, the true, 

Blended as in a peaceful dream ! 

How sweet will earth life seem ! 
The sin and shame, the woe and misery, 
Will all have faded. Memory's drifting ships 
Will cast the gall and wormwood in the sea, 
And bring sweet wines alone unto our longing lips. 
And we shall drink; and with the draught shall come 
Old earth life thronging back; as passing sweet 
As when in visions comes our childhood's home, 
With grassy pathways for our tired feet, 
With love our aching hearts to fill replete, 

And not one link lost from the perfect dream. 


Last night the sun sank red ; tbe sky, 

Purpled and mottled as with human gore, 
Frowned back his lurid glances ; saw him die, 
And bade him bitter speed, and I — 

I cried, "O sun, sink now for aye; wake me to pain no morel " 
This morn he rose, with brilliant hues, 

And nature— all forgotten last eve's mood- 
Greeted him gladly ; did not e'en refuse 
Her rosiest kisses. How could I but choose 

To heed tbe lesson ; to forget past woes in present good ! 


.^LLA Higginson's dainty little volume of verse, A Bunch of 
j Western Clover, contains the following gem: 

Mount Baker. 
Thou sphinx that sittest at the opal gate 

That lets the ocean in to Puget Sea, 
Keeping thy silent watch o'er time and fate, 

Thro' clouds that veil thy grandeur mistily, 
Or with the sun's fierce halo on thy brow; 

Furrowed by lava, rugged, stern, and white, 
Thou wert a marvel to me once, but now, 

Majestic sphinx ! I read thy secret right. 
• #*■** 

God, let me be a mountain when I die, 

Stung by the hail, lashed by the terrible rains I 
Let lava fires surge, turbulent and high, 

And fierce with torment thro' my bursting veins: 
Let lightnings flame around my lonely brow, 

And mighty storm-clouds race, and break, and roar 
About me; let the melted lava plow 

Raw furrows in my breast; torment me sore, 
O God ! Let me curse loneliness, yet see 

My very forests felled beneath my eyes. 
Give me all Time's distilled agony,— 

Yet let me still stand, mute, beneath the skies; 
Thro' storms that beat and inward fires that burn, 

Tortured, yet silent; suffering, yet pure, — 
That torn and tempted hearts may lift and learn 

The noble meaning of the word endure. 

The "Index to Chimneys " 
tells what shape and size and 
make to get for every burner 
and lamp. 

Geo A Macbeth Co, Pitts- 
burgh, Pa, will send it — 
write. Pearl glass, pearl top, 
tough glass. 



Paid-up Capital, $1,000,000. 

Corner Montgomery and California Streets, Sam Francisco. 

J. D. FRY, President HENRY WILLIAMS, Vice-President 

J. Dalzell Brown, Secretary and Treasurer. 

This company is authorized by law to act as Executor, Administrator. 
Assiguee, Receiver or Trustee. It is a legal depositary for Court and Trust 
Funds. Will take entire charge of Real and Personal Estates, collecting 
the income and profits, and attending to all such details as an individual 
in like capacity could do. 

Acts as Registrar and Transfer Agent of all Stocks and Bonds. 

deceives deposits subject to check and allows interest at the rate of two 
per cent per annum on daily balances. Issues certificates of deposits 
bearine fixed rates of interest. 

Receives deposits in its savings department from $1 upwards, and allows 
tbe usual rates of interest thereon. 

RENTS SAFES inside its burglar-proof vaults at prices from $5 per 
annum upwards, according to size. Valuables of all kinds may be stored 



33 Posi Street, below Kearny Mechanics' Institute Building 

PAID-UP CAPITAL $ 300,000. 


JAMES D. PHELAN, President 

S G MURPHY Vice-President 

JOHNA HOOPER Vice-President 

Directors— James D. Phelan, L. P. Drexler, John A. Hooper, C. G. 
Honker, Jameg Moffitt, 8 G. Mnrpby, Prank J. Sullivan, Robert McElroy, 
and Joseph D Grant. 

Iutf rest paid on Term and Ordinary Deposits. Loans on Approved se- 
curities. GEO. A. STORY, Cashier. 

Deposits may be sent by postal order, Wells, Fargo & Co., or Exchange 
on City Banks. When opening; accounts send signature. 


Corner California and Webb Streets. 

DEPOSITS. June 30, 1894 $24,061,791 27 

GUARANTEE CAPITAL and Surplus 1,627,052 43 

DIRECTORS — Albert Miller, President; E. B. Pond, Vice-President; 
Thomas Magee, G. W. Beaver, Charles Pace, Daniel E. Martin, W. C. B. 
De Fremery, George C. Boardman, J. G. Eastland; Lovell White, Cashier. 

Receives Deposits, and Loans only on real estate security. Country re- 
mittances may be sent by Wells, Fargo & Co., or by check of reliable 
parties, payable in San Francisco, but the responsibility of this Savings 
Bank commences only with the actual receipt of the money. The signa- 
ture of the depositor should accompany the first deposit. No charge 1b 
made for pass book or entrance fee. Office hours— 9 a. m. to 3 f. m. Satur 
day evenings, 6:30 to 8. 


N . E. corner Sansome and Sutter Streets. 

Cash Capital and Surplus $6,350,000 00 

John J. Valentine President I Homer 8. King . . Manager 

H. Wads worth Cashier | F. L. Llpman Assistant Cashier 

N. Y. City, H. B. PARSONS, Cashier. | Salt Lake City, J. E . DOOLY, Cashier 
John J . Valentine, Benj P . Cheney, Oliver Eldridge. Henry E. Hunting- 
ton, Homer S. King, Geo. E. Gray, John J. McCook, Charles F. Crocker, 
Dudley Evans. 


CAPITAL $1,260,000 

Successor to Sather & Co., Established 1851, San Francisco. 

JAMES K. WILSON President 

C. F. A. TALBOT, Vice-President. L. I. COWGILL, Cashier 

JHrectors: E. A. Bruguiere, F. W Sumner, Albert Miller, Wm. P. John- 
son, C. F. A. Talbot, C. S. Benedict, James K.. Wilson. 

Agents: New York— Drexel, Morgan & Co. Boston— Downer & Co. 
Philadelphia— Drexel & Co Chicago— Atlas National Bank. St. Louis— 
The Mechanics' Bank. Kansas City— First National Bank. London— Brown 
Shipley A Co, Paris— Drexel, Harjes & Co. 


No. 18 Geary Street, S. F. 

Incorporated November 24. 1869. 

ADOLPH C. WEBER President | ERNST BRAND Secretary 

January 26, 1895. 




THEY say her lovely golden h»Ir 
Was hanging down her back, 
And yet she gave the youth that called 

The cold and cruel" sack. 
And all because this youth, alas, 

Of golden coin was slack, 
And wore a pair of russet shoes 
That he bad painted black. 

— Philadelphia Inquirer. 
The intellectual young lady looked over her glasses at the average 
young man, and asked, suddenly: " How old would you take me to 
be? " The average young man fell into a train of thought. ' ■ I won- 
der," said he to himself. " whether she wants to be rated five years 
vounger on the score of her looks or five years older on account of 
her brains? Darn these advanced women, anyhow." 

— Cincinnati Tribune. 
11 That's the seventh time this morning," said the shoe merchant, 
as a customer left the store, " that you told me in a tone of voice 
that couldn't escape being overheard that a woman reminded you of 
' Trilby.* " " Yes," replied the new clerk, " and that's the seventh 
woman that I've sold a pair of shoes to." 

" I'll bet," remarked Mr. Jason to his wife, as they sat in the fam- 
ily circle at the play, " I'll bet from the looks of it that the dress that 
there woman in the box is wearin' is one of them elegant dresses one- 
half off we seed advertised yisterday in the papers. 

—Indianapolis Journal. 
Wefe (tohusband)^There were two hats that I liked, one for 
13 shillings and the other for 18 shillings. Husband— Which did you 
finally decide upon? Wife— The 18-shilling one. I'm a little super- 
stitions about the number 13. — Tid-Bits. 

Mas. McDcsekbekey was toying with the Masonic seal on her hus- 
band's watch chain. " What do those letters stand for? " she asked 
with a pleading look. " What do they stand for? I suppose it is 
because they can't sit down." — Texas Sittings. 

Spend and the world is with you, 
Scrimp and you scrimp alone; 
This age so sublime likes a deuce of a time 
On some one else's change than its own. 

— Boston Courier. 
Husband (with desire to say something pleasant) — Do you know, 
kitten, I could recognize you from your style any where? Kitten— 
I should think you could, seeing that you have let me wear this same 
old style for two years. —Judge. 

"Are you interested in golf, Mrs. Jennings? " asked young Simp- 
kins, after racking his brains for some time for something to say. 
" I'm not familiar with his works at all ," replied the old lady. "What 
has he written?" — Harper's Bazar. 

She (pretending huff)— Are you sorry you kissed me? He (making 
sudden discovery)— Yes; inasmuch as 'your brother is under the 
sofa and your father standing in the hallway. — New York News. 

" Did you hear anything at the opera last night? " " Yes, indeed ; 
I overheard one lady giving another a capital receipt for angel .food 
cake." —Chicago Inter-Ocean. 

Be the weather good or ill — 

Storm or sunlight bringing — 
Life will have fine weather still, 
If the heart keeps singing. 

— Atlanta Constitution. 
She— Are you fond of music, Mr. Sharpinflatz? He— Very fond, 
miss. Didn t you see me leave the room when the young man began 
to sing? — Detroit Free Press. 

When a man becomes firmly convinced that he is a genius, ifc is 
then that the fringe slowly begins to form on the bottom of his trou- 
sers. — Harlem Life. 

Queen Victoria has knighted the editor of an English comic paper- 
She always did appreciate serious, earnest work with no levity in it. 

— Boston Transcript. 
11 It's the little things that tell," as the man said when his 3-year- 
old boy saw him kiss the cook and carried the news to mamma. 

— New York News. 
Judge— You claim Mr. Coffin as a particular friend of yours? Mrs. 
Kilxboys — Yes, your honor; he buried two of my husbands. 

, — Judge. 

New Missionary— Can you tell me what has become of my prede- 
cessor? Cannibal Chief— He made a trip into the interior. 

— Fliegende Blatter. 
American Student— You don't have football in Germany? Ger- 
man Studemt— No; the professors draw the line at dueling.— Puck. 

The Grand Canon Line !— To the East ! 

Commencing Nov. 4th the "Santa Fe Route" Popular Overland 
Excursions to Chicago and Eastern Cities will leave every Wednesday. 
Manager in Charge. Through Palace and Upholstered Tourist Sleep- 
ers are run to Chicago every day. This is the only Line by which the 
Grand Canon of the Colorado River can be reached. Send for illus- 
trated book giving full particulars. W. A. Bissell, G. P. A., 650 
Market street, Chronicle Building, San Francisco, Cal. 

The persevering use of Ayer's Sarsapaiilla will certainly cure chronic 



Incorporated t>y Koyal Charter, 1662. 
CAPITAL Paid Up 13,000.000 


Booth emit corner Buih and Sannomo Mrcei«. 
HEAD OFFICE 60 l.oinliiiril Mnt-i. I.omlon 

Branciirs— Victoria, Vancouver, New Westminster, Kamloopn, Naualmo, 
and Nelsou: British Columbia; Portland, Oregon; Seattle and Tacoma, 

This Bank transact a General Banking Business. Accounts opened sub- 
ject to Check, and Special Deposits received. Commercial Credits granted 
available In all part.* of the world. Approved Bills discounted and ad- 
vances made on good collateral security. Draws direct at current rates 
upou its Head Ofllcc and Branches, and upon its Agents, as follows: 

mew York— Merchants Bank of Canada; Chicago — First National Bank; 
Liverpool— North and South Wales Bank; Scotland— British Linen Com- 

§any; Ireland— Bauk of Ireland; Mexico— London Bank of Mexico: 
outh America— London Bauk of Mexico and South America; China and 
Japan— Chartered Bank of ludia, Australia and China; Australia and 
New Zealand— Bauk of Australasia and Commercial Banking Company 
of Sydney, Ld. ; Demerara and Trinidad (West Indies)— Colonial Bauk. 


CAPITAL $3,000,000 00 

SURPLUS and Undivided Profits (October 1, 1894) 3,158,129 70 


Charles R. Bisho--, Vice-President Allen M. clay. Secretary 
8. pEENTtss Smith, Ass't Cashier, I. F. Moulton, 2d Ass't Cashier. 


New York— Messrs. Laldlaw & Co; The Bank of New York, N. B. A. 
Boston— Tremont National Bank; London— Messrs. N. M. Rothschild A 
Sons; Paris— Messrs. De Rothschild Freres; Virginia City (Nev)— Agency 
of The Bank of California; Chicago— Union National Bank, and Illinois 
Trust and Savings Bank; Australia and New Zealand— Bank of New 
Zealand; China, Japan and India— Chartered Bank of India, Australia 
and China. St. Louis— Boatmen's Bank. 

Letters of Credit issued available in all parts of the world. 

Draws Direct on New York, Boston, Chicago, St. Louis, Salt Lake, 
Denver, Kansas City, New Orleans, Portland, or., Los AngeleB, and on 
London, Paris, Berlin, Bremen, Hamburg, Fraukfort-on-Main, Copenhagen, 
Stockholm, Christiania, Melbourne, Syndey, Auckland, Hongkong, Shang- 
hai, Yokohama, Genoa, and all cities in Italy. 


Authorized Capital . . $3,500,000 1 Capital Paid Up $3,450,000 

Reserve $500,000. 

San Francisco Office— 424 CaliforniaSt. London Office— 73 Lombard St., E.C . 
Portland Branch— Chamber of Commerce Building. 
Tacoma Branch— 1156 Pacific Ave. 
Manager, ARTHUR SCRIVENER. Assistant Manager, WILLIAM STEEL. 
LONDON BANKERS— Bank of England and London Joint Stock Bank. 
NEW YORK— Messrs. J P. Morgan & Co. BOSTON— Third National Bank. 
This Bank is prepared to transact all kinds of General Banking and Ex- 
change Business in London and San Francisco, and between said cities and 
all parts of the world. 


No. 526 CALIFORNIA ST., S. P. 

Guaranteed Capital and Reserve Fund $1,850,000 00 

Deposits January 2, 1894 29,420,217 09 

OFFICERS— President, Edward Kruse; Vice-President, B A. Becker; 
Second Vice-President, George H. Eggers; Cashier, A. H. R. Schmidt; As- 
sistant Cashier, Wm. Herrmann; Secretary, George Tourney; Assistant 
Secretary, A. H. Muller. 

BOARD OF DIRECTORS— Edward Kruse, George H. Eggers, 0. Schoe- 
mann, A. C. Ueineken, H. Horstmann, B. A. Becker, H. L. Simon, Ign. 
Stein hart, Daniel Meyer. Attorney, W. 8. Goodfellow. 


N. E. Corner Floe and Sansome Streets. 

Capital Authorized $6,000,000 I Paid up $1,600,000 

Subscribed 3,000,000 [ Reserve Fund 700,000 

Head Office— 18 Austin Friars, London, E. C. 
Agents at New York— J. & W. Seligman & Co., 21 Broad street. 
The Bank transacts a general banking business, sells drafts, makes tele- 
graphic transfers, and issues letters of credit available throughout the 
world. Sends bills for collection, loanB money, buys and sells exchange 

andb "" 10n - gSf.fSteflL.1 Managers 


N. W. Corner SANSOME and' SUTTER. 

Subscribed Capital ... $3,500,000 | Paid Up Capital.. $2,000,000 

Reserve Fund $800,000. 

Head Office 58 Old 1 Broad Street, London. 

AGENTS— New York— Agency of the London, Paris and 1 American Bank 
Limited. No. 10 Wall street, N. Y. Parts— Messrs. Lazard FrereB & Cie, 
17 Boulevard Poissoniere. Draw direct on the principal cities of the world. 
Commercial and Travelers' CrediUs issue. 


Corner Market, Montgomery and Post Streets. 

PAID-UP CAPITAL $1,000,000. 


WM. H. CROCKER President 

W. E. BROWN Vice ^'rebident 

GEO. W. KLINE Cabhibb 



Wm. Alvord Jerome Lincoln H. H. Hewlett 

Wm. Babcock O. D. Baldwin A. K. P. Harmon 

Adam Grant W.S.Jones J. B. Randol. 



January 26, J 895 

WHATEVER disappointment tbe officers of the Philadelphia 
may have felt at tbe disarrangement of their plans for the 
jolly good lime they intended having on board that vessel last 
Saturday, the ladies who save the several teas that afternoon no 
doubt cherished feelings of the intensest gratitude towards the Secre- 
tary in Washington who issued those orders, as the postponement of 
the naval gathering made a very decided difference in tbe attendance 
at the shore affairs, for many of the men who were ready and 
anxious to go on board the cruiser, upon being turned back from the 
wharf directed their footsteps towards the teas where otherwise they 
would have been sighed for in vain. The hop at the Presidio on 
Friday evening afforded tbe officers of the Philadelphia a chance for 
a last dance on shore before they so unexpectedly and reluctantly ( ?) 
sailed away for Honolulu last Sunday. The guests were almost ex- 
clusively confined to dwellers at that Post, and it was a very in- 
formal but enjoyable affair. 

The tea given by Miss Clemmie Kip on Saturday was chiefly com- 
posed of young people, and her assistants were mostly buds of the 
present season. The Kip residence is so large that at no time were 
the rooms crowded, and the function was quite a pleasant one. Mrs. 
Jared L. Rathbone's tea tbe same afternoon ran to the other ex- 
treme, nearly all the elderly members of the swim being in evidence 
thereat, and her assistants were also among those who have passed 
many seasons in society and therefore were well up in their duties. 
The chief guests of the occasion were the two young ladies who are 
spending a few weeks on the Pacific shore of the continent, Miss 
Rathbone, of Albany and Miss Harris, of Washington 'City, both 
young ladies nieces of Major Rathbone. 

Miss Ella Morgan, who has been the guest of honor at a number of 
entertainments this winter, appeared again in that role at a tea 
given by Mrs. H. M. A. Miller in her rooms at the Baltimore, and 
then herself became the hostess of two other young ladies, the 
Misses Heitschu, who since their arrival here as the prospective 
bridesmaids of Miss Sheldon next month, have been the vtotif for 
many gatherings. Miss Morgan's luncheon of Saturday last was in 
their honor, as was also the tea given by Miss Florence Davis, of 
Jackson street, on Tuesday. In fact, to have guests of honor at all 
entertainments seems to be tbe fad at present, and two new aspirants 
have arisen in Miss Rathbone and Miss Harris, who appeared as 
such at the teas given last week by Mrs. E. L. Eyre, Mrs. Pinckard, 
and Mrs. Girvin, as well as their aunt, Mrs. Rathbone. 

Tea givers of late thought it decidedly hard lines that the clerk of 
the weather should turn such a deaf ear to all their prayers for '"just 
a little sunshine." Still, the weather did not appear to have a very 
serious effect upon them — they continued to be given and were well 
attended; the rain in many cases held up until "closing hour" ar- 
rived, and then no matter if one did get a little damp in reaching 
home where changes could speedily be made. In spite of the rain 
on Sunday Mrs. Carroll had a very gratifying attendance at her tea 
that afternoon, the young ladies who assisted her and Miss Carroll 
comprising the most popular of the Roman Catholic maidens of the 
younger set. Other tea givers included Mrs. and Miss Belle Mc- 
Kenna, Mrs. Bourne, Mrs. M. Koshland. Mrs. Thomas Breeze and 
her daughters as the hostesses. To-day Mrs. Henry L. Van Wyck 
will give a tea at her residence on Steiner street from four to seven 

On Monday evening Lunt's Hall presented its usual charming ap- 
pearance when our numerous buds assemble there for their Monday 
evening practice in the "Class" — misnomer though that may be— 
and a delightiul time was spent by all who took part. But after the 
dance was done came (to some) the most enchanting part of the 
whole evening's performance, in the supper at Miss Jennie Blair's, 
of which about thirty of her chosen friends partook, and which was 
supplemented by a few more dances before the pleasures of the even- 
ing finally came to an end. 

On Tuesday evening fashion filled the Auditorium to hear Scheel's 
orchestra interpret Wagner, which they did most satisfactorily, and 
no doubt the house would have been crammed bad it not been for the 
rain. Pluvius had, however, little effect upon the theatre party 
given by Cutler Paige at the California, which was the merriest one 
gathered there for some time, and after his guests had been aston- 
ished by Herrmann's mysteries they all returned to the Paige resi- 
dence on Jackson street, where a delicious supper awaited them, and 
then for their still further enjoyment a cotillion was danced, led by 
Mr. Paige and his bride elect, Miss Sheldon, which did not end uniil 
a very late hour. 

The young people's dinner at Mrs. Hager's was another of the de- 
lightful affairs of Tuesday evening. Pink was the color chosen for 
the table decorations, and a delicious menu was discussed by sixteen 
guests, after which dancing was in order for a couple of hours. 

Awarded Highest Honors World's Fair. 



The only Pure Cream of tartar Powder. — No ammonia; No Alum 
Used in Millions of Homes — 40 years the Standard. 

Wednesday was a popular one this week. Besides the party at the 
Bouviers', there were teas, dinners, luncheons, and wed tings— no 
less than two of the latter, and the first break in the clouds coming 
that day was most appropriate, for according to the old saying, 
"Blessed is the bride the sun shines on." One took place in the 
afternoon, the other in the evening, when Miss Bertha Buehler and 
George Hargens were wedded at St. Paul's Lutheran Church, on 
Eddy street, and was followed by a reception at the bride's home on 
Golden Gate avenue. 

The engagement of Miss Mary McNutt and Lieutenant Kuhm, 
which was formally announced last Saturday, has been a favorite 
topic this week, and as the marriage will soon take place, there will 
be still another "button" wedding for society to look forward to. 
Another rtcent announcement is that of the engagement of Miss 
Nellie McKee to Norman R. Long, both residents of Oakland, but 
well known in San Francisco. 

There will soon be two handsome brides added to the guests at the 
Hotel Richelieu, in the persons of Mrs. Beno Hart and Mrs. Robert 
Hockstadter, who are both still absent on their honeymoon trips. 
The fine voice of Mrs. Hockstadter, who as Miss Newman made such 
a decided impression in musical circles, will no doubt be a great ac- 
quisition at that popular house, and it is rumored that a concert for 
charity, in which she will take part, is on the cards for the near fu- 
ture. Lieutenant Bell, who is aid on General Forsythe's staff, and 
Mrs. Bell are at the Colonial. Mr. and Mrs. H. B. Chase are at the 
Pleasanton. Dr. and Mrs. James Keeney are spending the winter at 
the Occidental. ^ 

The many friends of that deservedly popular couple, Dr. and Mrs. 
0. O. Burgess, have been much concerned by the reports of their 
serious illness, both, singularly enough, being sufferers at the same 
time from the same malady, the grippe. It is with much pleasure tbe 
intelligence is received that Dr. and Mrs. Burgess are now on the road 
to recovery. 

The wedding of Miss Florence Livingstone and Henry W. Morris 
took place at St. Luke's Church, on Van Ness avenue, at four o'clock 
in the afternoon. Pink and white weddings have been rather a fad 
in San Francisco this season, and this one can come under that 
nomenclature; the Christmas dressing of evergreens and red berries 
still remained in the church, and to these were simply added a few 
palms in the chancel and two immense bouquets of pink roses upon 
the altar. Broad pink satin ribbons divided off the pews reserved for 
the special guests, while bands of white satin ribbons were used in all 
three of the aisles for keeping the guests in the pews after the cere- 
mony began. The four ushers, Messrs. Bernard, Sperry, Ames, and 
Dr. Woolsley, headed the bridal cortege as it entered the well-filled 

Three kinds, all of equal excellence: 

Brtit, An Extra Dry Wine. 

Grand Vin Sec, a Dry wine. 
Carte Blanche, a Rich wine. 

The Highest Grade In the Wo rld. 

4V 1 Used by all the Leading Clubs, Hotels, and Restaurants, and may 
be had of all First-Class Grocers and Wine Merchants. 


124 Saisome St. 


January 26, 1895 . 



i at the appointed hour; then came the bfidftftmftids, 

Mamie Rodger* and Kate Muchler. followed by the pretty matd-of- 
GUra Morris, ami ■:■•■ handsome blonde bride 

with hrr ancle, Mr. Junes II, Livingstone. Tin* groom ftnd bla best 
men. his brother Lawrence, awaited them in the chancel, and the 
Rererend Charles Miel performed the ceremony which netted thein 
in marriage. The bridal costume was of white moire an traine, 
trimmed with lace, a cluster of snowdrops nesllinc near the tbrOftt, 
a tulle vail and hand bouquet of white violets completing her attire. 
The bridesmaids wore gowns of rich pink silk trimmed with pink 
chiffon and satin ribbons, and the maid-of-honor was robed in pink 
moire, and they all carried bouqaeta of La France roses. The 
groom, his best man. and ushers were all clad in Prince Albert coats, 
grey trousers, and white gloves, and all wore bontonnieres of lilies 
of the valley and maiden-hair fern. From the church the bridal 
party and a few intimate friends drove to the Livingstone residence, 
on Pacific avenue, where luncheon was served, and later in the day 
the newly-wedded pair departed on their honeymoon trip Eastward. 

There will be a wedding in Oakland next Monday of more than 
passing interest to San Franciscans, inasmuch hs the bride-elect, 
Miss Bessie Wbeaton, is so well known in society circles on this side 
of the bay. The ceremony will be very quietly performed, owing to 
the recent death of Mrs. Adams, mother of the groom, Edson F. 
Adams; the wedding trip will include a tour of Europe. 

As the fancy dress german and bal masque of the Entre Nous Cotil- 
lion Club was announced to take place at the Palace Hotel Friday 
evening of this week, and as we go to press before the event, it is not 
po^ible to describe it. Sanford G. Lewald and Miss Beatrice Hughes 
led the sets. The first set was composed as follows: 

H. W. Herzer and Miss Nelye Giusti, Edward G. Carrera. and Miss 
Emily Herzer, Jas. T. Ludlow and Miss Maude Rice, Lou W. Lovey 
and Miss Ainiee" Woodworth, Dr. "W. J. P. Lawton and Miss Lizzie 
Tobelmann, Gaston Roussy and Miss Lotta Musto, Edward J. Bige- 
low and Miss Mamie Ludlow, Robert F. Haigbt and Miss Mae 
Hoesch, George A. Rigg and Miss Camilla Redmond. The figures 
were: Grecian Star and Circle, Flags of All Nations, and Circular 
Rounds. Arrangements were made to the end that these figures 
should be artistic and should show the handsome costumes to the 
beit advantage. The indications were that this would be one of the 
most brilliant and successful fancy dress affairs ever seen here. 

The opening event of next week will be the reception at the Henry 
Crockers' on Monday evening, at which it is anticipated that Mr. 
and Mrs. George Crocker will make their first appearance in our 
social world since their marriage. It is also hoped by their friends 
that during their visit the old Crocker house, on Nob Hill, will again 
assume some of the brilliancy of former years. Mrs. Hager's idea of 
giving her guests plenty of room wherein to dance with comfort and 
to display advantageously the elegant costumes worn by the ladies 
is bearing fruit, Mr. and Mrs. Dan Murphy following iu her lead by 
choosing the Maple Room of the Palace Hotel as the place for their 
ball, invitations to which are out for Friday evening, February 1st. 
That it will be one of the events of the season goes without saying, 
and already it is a topic that has been much discussed at the numer- 
ous teas and other gatherings of the week. Many of the costumes to 
be worn will probably see daylight— or rather gaslight — for the first 
time, notably those, says gossip, of the hostess herself and ber pretty 
sister-in-law, who has not as yet had an opportunity to dazzle the 
eyes of her friends with one quarter of the elegant gowns acquired 
during her late Parisian sojourn. Mrs. Murphy will have a rival 
that evening in the shape of the Assembly to be given at the Military 
Hall in Oakland under the auspices of some of the society leaders of 
our modern Athens. No doubt each side of the bay would have ex- 
changed many guests had the entertainments been arranged for 
different evenings. 

Among recent dinners, large and small, may be named those eiven 
by Mrs. Saltz, Louis Parrott, Mrs. "Will Crocker, which was followed 
by a visit to the California Theatre; Mrs. Godley, iu honor of the 
Reverend Mr. Haweis; by Burnes McDonald in the private room of 
the Bohemian Club to a party of ladies, and which also had the Cali- 
fornia Theatre as the objective point afterwards; by Mrs. Chese- 
borough and by Mrs. E. B. Pond. Miss Mamie Thomas's theatre 
party at the California, instead of being preceded by a dinner, was 
followed by supper at the Thomas residence on Pacific avenue; the 
guest of the occasion was Miss Josephine Valdes, of New Orleans. 

Last evening Odd Fellows' Hall was again the scene of the gather- 
ing of the Friday Night Club, when the last cotillion of the present 
season was danced, as their next and final meeting will take the 
form of an assembly. Last evening, also, the Entre Nous Club gave 
a fancy dress cotillion in the Maple Room of the Palace. The third 
meeting of the Dancing Club in the Maple Room on Friday evening 
of last week was a pleasant success. The attendance was unex- 
pectedly large, and in the cotillion, which was led by Leonard 
Everett, some very pretty figures were danced. 

M' r "l ,f buttons, there art- many no dOQDt wh<> will be pleased 

il Forsyth* unlike General Kugcr, will not be 
■ I wtlta bill ..tie Rid ji m» j. ..ii hi- - thtr cavalry 

■rl to him a!> mi, h. mid IDOUld I 

bachelor, he will be regarded u ft decided ftOqnUtUon.fti well a« an 
addition to society circles. 

(ireat men never make bad use of tbelr superiority ; they see 

it, and feel It, and are nnt less modest. The more they have the 
more they know their own deficiencies — Rouiteau 

If any man seeks for greatness, let him forget greatness 

and ask for truth, and be will find both.— fforace Mann. 

The old scriptural sobriety was effectual doing; ascetic 

sobriety is effectual dullness. — //, ir. Beechrr. 

If there be any truer measure nf a man than by what he 

does, it must be by what he gives.— South. 

— - The mind is its own p'ace, and in itself can make a heaven 
nf bell, a hell of heaven — Milton. 



At Your Door. 

A time Improvement always receives 
a •welcome in the average American 
home, the most home-like home in the 
world. The coal stove, the gas, the 
water, the sewing machine and the 
clothes wringer have found an entrance 
everywhere. Another candidate now 
appears. It is 

the new vegetable shortening and sub- 
stitute for lard. Thousands havefound 
this as great a blessing as its predeces- 
sors. It is now at your door. Will you 
accept its proffer of better cooking in 
your kitchen, better food on your table, 
better health in your household? 

Cottolene is sold In 3 and S 

gound palls, by all grocers, 
et the genuine. Made by 

The N. K. Fair bank 

ST. LOUIS and 

Chicago, New Torlt, Boston. 



121 POST ST., 

Bet. Kearny St. and Grant Ave. 


R. D. E, DUNNE, 


Now at Lurline Baths, third floor, 
next to Ladies' Parlor. Late 
of Dr. Loryea's Hammam Baths. 

Ingrown Nails a Specialty 

JOHN J. VALENTINE, President, San Franusco. 
George E. CRAY, First Vice-President, San Francisco. 
Dudley Evans, Second Vice-Prcsid:m, New York. 
Aaron Stein, Secretary, San Francisco. 
H. B. PARSONS. Assistant Secretary, New York. 
HOMER S. KING, Treasurer, San Fran. is o. 

Offioe of the President. 

urge <& u ompirnri, 

§>at\ eFxci ticioco, 'Becemfje-r 31, 1S94. 

Dbar Sir : The following is our Annual Report of Precious Metals produced iu the States and Territories west of the 
Missouri River (including British Columbia) during 1894, which shows in the aggregate : Gold, $45,892, 66S; Silver, $28,721,014; 
Copper, $22,276,294; Lead, $8,223,513. Total gross result, $105,113,489. The "commercial" value at which the several 
meials named herein have been estimated, is: Silver, 63 cts. per oz. ; Copper, 10 cts. per lb. ; and Lead $3. 1 1 per cwt. 

As iu former reports, allowance must be made for probable variations from exact figures, by reason of constantly 
increasing facilities for transporting bullion, ores and base metals from the mines outside of the express and the difficult)' of 
getting entirely reliable data from private sources. Estimates obtained in this way are liable to be exaggerated and are, lo a 
considerable degree, guess work ; but with some modifications on this account, made herein, the general results reached, 
while only approximately correct, may be accepted as the closest approximation possible under the circumstances. 


Gold Dust and Bui 
lion by Express. 

Gold Dust and 

Bullion by Other 


Silver Bullion 
by Express. 

Ores and Base 
Bullion by Freight. 










New Mexico 





British Columbia 

















t 183,305 




f 1,464.631 

3, 2 4i,945 





906, 246 






6,995 831 

3,°45.9 r '9 










The gross yield for 1894, shown above, segregated, is approximately as follows : 

Gold 43VW $45,892,668 

Silver 27/ft 28,721,014 

Copper 21,% 22,276,294 

Lead 7f% 8,223,513 

Total $105,113,489 

annttXl products of lead, copper, silver and gold in the states and territories WEST OF THE MISSOURI RIVER, 1870-1894. 


Production as per W. F. 

& Co's Statements, 

including amounts from 

British Columbia and 

West Coast of 


Product after 
deducting Amounts 

from British 

Columbia and ll'ttf 

Coast of Mexico. 

The Net Products of the States and Territories West of the Missouri River, exclu- 
sive of British Columbia and West Coast of Mexico, divided, are as follows : 






$ 54,ooo,( 



92,4U, ! 
104,645 j 




$ 52,150,000 









































441 . . 

. 117,946,565 







$ i,oSo,ooo 











ro, 569,092 







50,833,SS 4 



25 183,567 

The exports of Silver during the past year to Japan, China, the Straits, etc., have been as follows : Fron Lord r, 
$47,502,180; from San Francisco, $12,520,678. Total $60,022, S5S, as against $67,715,485 last year. Pounds Sterling estimated 
at $4.84. 

6 ll)\\ te 6 S la I'c 3 o f 91T c x i C o. 

statkment op the prodict of gold (sumi.vkr in tiik rkpi ibuc op ml xico, revised and corrected from 1877 to 1894. 

taluks upon iontaob basis 




1 887-1 888 



$ 747.O0O 














1,275 000 




$2.). 837,000 
40, 706,000 
4I,5<" O.OOO 

#600, 145,000 


42 600,000 
44, 150,000 



30th OF JUNE, 1894. 




Gold Dollars. 




Silver Dollars. 





Copper Dollars. 




Summary. — Totals: Gold, $10,450,057; Silver, $507,317,921 ; Copper, 1203,296. Grand Total, $517,971,274. 



Colonial Epoch. 





$ 8,497,950 










$ 557,392 

$ 18,575,569 


$ 19,132,961 


$45,598 020 




Eagle coin, from 1st July, 1873, to 30th of June, 1894.. 






Colonial Epoch — from 1537 to 1821, $2,151,581,960; Independence— from 1822 to 1873, $809,655,251 ; Republic — from 
i87lto 1894, $517,971,274. Total, $3A19,*#A*S- ^ 





January 26, 1895. 


TIBURON FERRY— Foot ol Market Street. 

WEEK DAYS— 7:40, 9:20, 11:00 i. M.; 12:35,3:30, 

5:10, 6:30 p. M. Thursdays— Extra trip at 

11:30 p. M. Saturdays— Extra trips at 1:50 and 

11:30 p. m. 
SUNDAYS— 8:00, 9:30,11:00 A.M.; 1:30, 3:30,5:00, 

6:20 p. M. 


WEEK DAYS— 6:25, 7:55, 9:30, 11:10 A. M.; 12:15, 
3:40, 5:10 p.m. Saturdays— Extra trips at 1:55 
and 6:35 p. h. 

SUNDAYS— 8:10, 9:40,11:10 A. M.; 1:40, 3:40,5:00, 
6:25 P. m. 
Between San Francisco and Scnuetzen Park, 

same schedule as above. 


In Effect 




Desti'tion |Suna»ys 


7:40 A.M. 

5:10 p.m. 

8:00 a.m. 

Santa Rosa. 

10:40 a.m 
6:05 P.M 

8:50a. m 



Healdsburg , 




3:80 p.m. 

8:00 a. m. 



7:40 a.m. 

8:00 a. m. 

Pieta, Hop- 
land, Ukiah. 

7 :80 P.M 

6:15 p.m. 

7:40a, M. 
3:30 p.m. 

8:00 a. m. 



10:30a m 
6:15 PM 

5:10 p.m. 



Glen Ellen. 

10:40A.M. |8:50AM. 
6:05p.m |6:15PM. 

7:40 a. M 
3:80 p.m 

8:00 a.m. 
5:00 p.m. 


10:40a. mI10:30a.m 
6 05p.m1 6:16p.m 

Stages connect at Santa Rosa for Mark West 

Stages connect at Qeyservllle for Skaggs 

Stages connect at Pieta for Highland Springs, 
Kelseyville, Soda Bay, and Lakeport. 

Stages connect at Ukian for Vichy Springs, 
Blue Lakes, Upper Lake, Lakeport, Bonneville, 
Greenwood, Orr's Hot Springs, Mendocino City, 
Fort Bragg, Usal. Westport, Cahto, Willitts, 
Capella, Porno, Potter Valley, Johu Day's, Live- 
ly's, Gravelly Valley, Harris, Blocksburg, Bridge- 
viile, Hydesville and Eureka. 

Saturdayto-Monday Round Trip Tickets at re- 
duced rates. 

On Sundays, Round Trip Tickets to all points 
beyond San Rafael at half rates. 

TICKET OFFICE-- Corner New Montgomery 
and Market streets, under Palace Hotel. 

Gen. Manager. 

R. X. RYAN. 
Gen. Passenger Agent 


Through Line to New York, via Panama. 

Galling at various ports of Mexico and Central 
SAILINGS— At noon. 
From company's wharf. First aud Braunau Sts. 
S. S. "San Blag," January 28, 1895. 
8. 8. "Sao Juan." February 8, 1895. 
S. 8. "Colon." February 18, 1895. 
8. 8. "City of Sydney," February 28,1895. 
Connecting at Yokohama with steamers for 
Shanghai, and at Hongkong for 
India, etc. : 
S. 8. "Peru," February 2, 1895, at 8 P. M. 
8. 8. "City of Rio de Janeiro," Feb. 21, 1895, 
at 3 p. m. 

8. 8. "City of Peking," Thursday, March 14, 
1895, at 3 p m. 
8. 8. "China," via Honolulu, March 26, 1895, 

Round Trip Tickets at reduced rates. 
For freight or passage apply at the company's 
office, No. 425 Market street. 

General Agent 



Note change in hour of sailing. 

Steamers leave wharf at FIRST and BRAN 

NAN STREETS, at 3: 00 P. M. for YOKOHAMA 

and HONGKONG, connecting at Yokohama 

with Steamers for SHANGHAI: 

Belgic Thursday, Jan. 24, 1895 

Oceanic (via Honolulu) Tuesday. Feb. 12, 1895 

Gaelic Tuesday, March 12, 1895 

Co* tic .. Tuesday, April 23, 1895 


For freight and passage apply at Company's 
office, No. 425 Market street, corner First. 

D. D. 8TUBB8, Secretary. 


IT is said that fashion next summer will 
kindly permit ladies at seaside resorts 
to bathe without stockings, and stylish 
young women are already having their 
feet prepared for next season's campaign. 
Many feet which look just too captivating 
for anything in shoes and stockings are 
not altogether lovely when exposed to 
view, and feminine owners of such de- 
fective extremities are now invoking the 
aid of the pedicurists to make them pre- 
sentable. Civilization and tight shoes 
have i QfJicted many wrongs upon the 
human understanding, and many ladies 
recognize thai if they are to make impres- 
sions upon the masculine heart, as well 
as upon the sand, with their feet next 
summer, they must put themselves upon 
a better footing. There are comparatively 
few Trilby feet in real life, few which are 
perfect in form and entirely free from 
blemish. Nevertheless, Da Manner's rhap- 
sody over the beauty of Trilby's foot may 
be to a certain extent responsible for the 
geueral note of preparation for the exhibi- 
tion of feminine feet next summer. Many 
women who have read his novel may be 
anxious to prove that they, too, have 
something in that line not entirely un- 
worthy nf admiration. And why should 
not a pretty foot inspire the poet and the 
artist quite as much as a hand or as a 
lady's eyebrow? Great execution has been 
done with the feminine foot through all 
the centuries. Even with its charms con- 
cealed by shoes and stockings, it has 
proved one of the most formidable of 
womanly weapons. With it woman has 
lured man on, and on, and on; and with 
it, when she has wearied of playing with 
him, she has administered the coup de 
grace. But when it shines forth next sum- 
mer in all its loveliness, unadorned by any- 
thing but its own beauty, it will be simply 
irresistible. No bachelor will bo safe at 
the seaside. The most hardened a nil 
cynical will capitulate at the sight of the 
thousands of snowy feet pattering over the 
sandy beach in unconventional freedom, or 
demurely presented for masculine in- 
spection and approval. But what will the 
girls of Chicago do ? — Baltimore Sun. 

THE bead of a public school is generally 
a very conceited young man, utterly 
ignorant of his own dimensions, and losing 
all that habit of conciliation toward others, 
and that anxiety for self-improvement, 
which result from the natural modesty of 
yomh. Nor is this conceit very easily and 
Bpeedily gotten rid of; we have seen (if we 
mistake not) public-school importance 
lasting through the half of after-life, strut- 
ting in lawn, swelling in ermine, and dis- 
playing itself, both ridiculously and offen- 
sively, in ibe haunts and business of 
bearded men. — Sydney Smith. 

To men pressed by their wants all change 
is ever welcome. — Ben Jonson. 



Coolgardiegold fields, 

(Fremantle) Australia; 

?220 first class, $110 

steeraere Lowest rates 

Qj to Capetown, S. Africa 

O. 8. 8. Company's 

steamers sail: 



and SYDNEY, 8. S. 

"ALAMEDA," Feb 7 


8. 8. ■' AUSTRALIA," 

Feb. 12, 1895, atlO a.m. 

Cook parties to Honolulu, Jan. 19, Feb 16, Apr. 

4; reduced excursion rates. 

For passage apply to 138 Montgomery Street. 

For freight apply to 3.17 Market Street. 

J. D. SPRECKELa & BROS. CO., Geueral Agta 

n acl a? private Dcieollre 

«nderlQ»iruc:loni. Exp*ri. nee EnrvorssaiT. Si-ndfor pw- 
tioulwa. ^ttUcual DeUML-va Bureau, Indianapolis, lad. 



Trains Leave and are Due to Arrive at 


Lbavk I From Dec. 20, 1894. I arrive 

7:00 a Atlantic Express, Ogdeu and East 6:45a 
7:00 a Benicia, Vacaville, Rumsey, Sac- 
ramento, and Redding, via Davis 7:15 p 
7:30 a Martinez, Napa, Callstoga and 

♦Santa Rosa 6 :15 p 

8:30 a Niles, San Jose, Stockton, lone, 
Sacramento, Marysville, Red Bluff 

and*Oroville 4:15 p 

*8:30a Peters and Milton .... ... ^ISp 

$9:00a " Sunset Limited," Vestibuled 

Train through to New Orleans. . . 11:45 P 
9:00 a New Orleans Express, *Raymond, 
Santa Barbara, Los Angeles, Dent- 
ing, El Paso, New Orleans and 

East. 5:45P 

9:00 a Martinez and Stockton 10:45 a 

1:00 p Niles, San Jose and Livermore *8:46 a 

. . .. Niles, San Jose and Livermore. .. 1 11:45 a 

*1 :00 p Sacramento River steamers . *9 :00 p 

+1:30 p. Martinez and Way Stations ... f7:45 p. 
4 :00 p Martinez, San Ramon, Vallejo, 
Napa, Call stoga, El Verano, and 

Santa Rosa 9:15 a. 

4:00 p. Benicia, Vacaville, Woodland, 
Knight's Landing, Marysville, 

Oroville and Sacramento 10:45a 

4:30 p. Niles, San Jose, Livermore, 

aud Stockton 7:15 p 

5:00f. Los Angeles Express, Fresno, 
Bakersfleld, Santa Barbara and 

Lob Angeles 10:45a. 

5:00 p. Santa Fe Route, Atlantic Express, 

forMojaveand East 10:45 A. 

6:00 p European Mail, Ogden and East. . 9:45a 
6:00 p. Hay wards, Niles and San Jose. . 7:45 a. 

17:00 P. Vallejo +7 :45 p. 

7:00 p. Oregon Express, Sacramento, 
Marysville, Redding, Portland, 

PugetSound and East 10:45 a 

Santa Cruz Division (Narrow Gau ge). 

8:15a. Newark. Centerville, San Jose, 

Felton, Boulder Creek, Santa 

Cruz and way stations 6 50 p. 

•2:15 p Newark, Centerville, San Jose, New 
Almaden, Felton, Boulder Creek, 
Santa Cruz, and principal way 

stations Ml :20a 

1 .15 p. Newark, SanJose, Los Gatos 9:50a. 

+11:45p. Hunters' train for Newark, Al- 
viso, 8an Jose, Los Gatos, and 

way stations | 8:05 p 

Coast Division ( Third aid Townsond Streets ). 
6:45 A. 8au Jose, New Almaden and Way 

Stations 1 :46 p. 

8:15 a. San Jose, TresPinos, Santa Crus, 
Pacific Grove, Paso Robles, San 
San Luis Obispo and principal 

WayStations 7.05p. 

10:40a. San Jose, and Way Stations 5:06 p. 

11:45 a. Palo Alto and Way Stations.. 3:80 p. 
*2:20p. San Jose, Gilroy, TreB Pinos, 
Santa Cruz, Salinas, Monterey, 

Pacific Grove *10:40a. 

♦3:80 p. 8an Jose and Principal Way Sta- 
tions 9:47 a. 

*4:25p. PaloAltoand WayStations *8:06a. 

5:10p. San Jose and Way Stations *8:48a. 

6:S0p. Palo Alto and Way Stations 6:S5a. 

rll;46p. Palo Alto and principal Way 
Stations f7:38p. 


FromSM FRASCI SCO— Foot of Market St. (Slip 8)— 
*7 00 8 00 9 00 *10 00 and 11 00 A. M.. *12 80 
11 00 *2 00 3 00 *4 00 5 00 and *6 00 p. M. 
From OAKLAND— Foot of Broadway. 

*6 00 *7 00 8 00 *9 00 10 00 and *11 00 A. «. 
112 00 *12 30 2 00 *3 00 4 00 and *5 00 p. M. 

a. for Morning. 

♦Sundays excepted. 

^Thursdays only. 

+ Saturdays only. 


will call for and check baggage from hotels and 
residences. Enquire of Ticket Agents for Time 
Cards and other information 


Dispatch steamers from San Francisco for, 
ports in Alaska, 9 a. m.. Jan. 20. Feb. 4, 19. 

For B. C. aud Puget Sound ports, Jan. 5, 10, 
15. 20,25. Feb. 4. 

For Eureka, Areata, andField'sLandingfHum- 
boldt Bay, Steamer "Pomona," Wednesdays, 

9 A. M. 

For Newport, Los Angeles and all way ports, 
Jan. 16, 20, 25, 2*, and every fourth day there- 
after at 8 a. m. 

For San Diego, stopping only at Port Harford, 
Santa Barbara, Port Los Angeles, Redondo, (Los 
Angeles), and Newport, Jan. 18, 22, 27, 81, and 
every fourth day thereafter, at 11 a. m. 

For Eusenada, Magdalena Bay, San Jose del 
Cabo, Mazatlan, La Paz and Guaymas (Mexico), 
steamer St Paul, 10 A. m., 25th of each month. 

Tickbt Office— Palace Hotel, No. 4 New 
Montgomery street. 

GOOPALL. PERKIN8 A CO., Gen'l Agents, 
No. 10 Market street, San FrancUco. 

Pialc no. 20. 

8. F. Nc«« I tttm I ch j. ll-gj 


Prtc« Par Copy. IO Cent*. 

Annual Bui *« oo. 

s Better 

Vol. L 


Number 5. 

Printed and Published every Saturday by the Proprietor, Fred 
Marriott, 606-609-613 Merchant Street, San Francisco. En- 
tered at San Francisco Post-office as Second Class Matter. 

The office of the News Letter in New York City is at the " Evening 
Post" Building, 204-206 Broadway, Room 1, where information 
may be obtained regarding subscription and advertising- rates. 

Our cartoonist, while presenting Mr. I /r., in this issue of 

theJUBwe Letter as a mummer, has not obscured the comeliness of his 
subject; the portrait is admirable. It is presumed that in presenting Mr, 
Slots as a" society actor" the clever artist Sought to hint at that gentleman's 
'it'i — which, indeed, is remarkable. Although one of the wealthy and 
influential financiers and business mat t>f the fit;/, and serving now an 
one of the most intelligent and valuable members of the Board of Free- 
holders in the important work of framing a new charter for the cif;/, he in 
nevertheless a popular clubman and man about town, a favorite in society, 
nod is indispensable m those social entertainments where versatile talents of 
u high order arc demanded. 

THE sinking of the Elbe, through being rammed by an insignifi- 
cant little vessel, suggests the advisability of making ironclads 
of merchant ships. 

WHAT the people would like to know moat of all just now is, 
Has all the expense incurred in winding np tbe affairs of 
the People's Home Savings Bank been paid out of money belong- 
ing to depositors, or was it paid out of the assets of the bank out- 
side of the moneys on deposit ? 

ONE of the absurdities of tbe present city charter is exhibited 
by the proposal to ask the Legislature for permission to put 
a new roof on the City Hall. By the terms of the old instru- 
ment San Francisco has little power in the conduct of her own 
affairs. This will be corrected by the new charter. 

THERE seems to be a different atmosphere in political circles 
since Governor Budd took the reins in his hands and com- 
menced to exercise the appointing power. Democrats, Republi- 
cans. Populists, aDd Prohibitionists all extend either words of 
praise or friendly criticism. If he is only making a play it is 
wisely done, and since "grim-visaged war has closed his wrinkled 
front " he may play Richard, and do it well. 

MORRI8 M. E9TEE is reported to have made the assertion at 
some point on his way East that he had been robbed of three 
thousand votes in tbe city of San Francisco. We believe Mr. 
Estee is an honest man, and that all his intentions are honorable, 
but when it comes down to a square guess, based upon sore de- 
feat, bis perspicacity is clouded. While Mr. Budd did not need 
the votes, he is just as positive that a recount would have given 
him a bigger majority over Mr. Estee, and Budd is the shrewder 
politician of the two. 

THE senseless resolution which the California Senate has 
passed and telegraphed to Congress regarding the railroad 
debt will achieve for this State, in tbe estimation of Washington, 
fully as ridiculous a distinction as ever Denis Kearney and 
Emperor Norton gave it. The poltroon Senators who voted for it 
under tbe whip of "popular sentiment" have disgraced them- 
selves. Bledsoe : s resolution in the Assembly was intelligent in 
that it gave clear expression to an unintelligent sentiment, but it 
was rejected by the Senate. tempora, mores I 

AND now a national strike of labor against capital is threatened 
because the engineers of the Southern Pacific Company, or 
some of them, are dissatisfied with a new scale of wages. It is 
said that Dictator Debs, of tbe American Railway Union, is work- 
ing up the details of the coming struggle. But it is scarcely con- 
ceivable that a general labor strike could occur from such a cause, 
though perhaps something of this sort is inevitable, sooner or 
later. Thpre can be but one ending of the contest, should it be in 
store, and that is the absolute defeat of tbe labor element. The 
sympathetic strike, so-called, is absolutely incompatible with tbe 
preservation of our industrial system. The principle on which it 
proceeds ia destructive of social order, and if carried to its logical 
result every branch of industry would be paralyzed and the nation 
would soon lapse into anarchy. 

PERHAPS Hetty <lreen could be induced to take stock »n the 
San Francisco and San Joaquin Valley Railroad. She lately 
declared herself the best single-handed Huntington fighter on 
record. Hetty is decidedly additions, and a mixture of vinegar 
and augar in thia enterprise might not be amiss. There ia scarcely 
a danger that tbe Widow (ireeo would fail to resist the blandish- 
ments of President Huntington, charm he never so wisely. 

THE word " soulless " has long been applied to corporations in 
the sense of heartless. Originally the absence of aoul in a cor- 
poration was remarked in a purely legal signification. Tbe origin 
of the familiar phrase may be found in Blackstone's Commen- 
taries. In speaking of corporations as creatures of tbe law, and 
as artificial persons, he enumerates their powers and disabilities, 
saying : » Neither can corporation be excommunicated, for a cor- 
poration has no soul, as Sir Edward Coke has gravely observed." 

ONE of the greatest dangers that the farmer has to encounter is 
the agricultural editor. A press dispatch from Illinois relates 
that a trusting ruralist has suffered a loss of sixty hogs as the 
result of following the advice of his farm paper, which recom- 
mended the mixing of Boft coal, ground fine, with the food of 
swine. Not long ago a poultry journal said that broken glass is 
good for hens, and another eminent ben-yard authority has since 
declared that broken glass will kill poultry. It may be that some 
sinister syndicate is at work in a nefarious scheme to diminish 
the volume of "country produce" by supplying fatal recipes 
to the agricultural papers. 

THERE does not seem to be one cog missing in the wheels that 
are buzzing continually in the heads of the single-tax advo- 
cates. By actual count there are forty-seven members of the 
association in San Francisco, but one would suppose that there 
were four million. They have taken a contract to reform the 
world, and recognizing that Governor Budd bad done nothing 
in that line up to date, they propose to reform the Governor. 
With Maguire as their mascot tbey secured respectable Mr. 
Hinton for Registrar, and are now moving on the works of the 
State Executive for everything in sight. They have a delegation 
at tbe Capital, in each of whose heads the wheels of single-tax are 
running violently, the principal one of whom, J. S. Reynolds, 
thinks and talks of nothing else only when asleep. 

WOODLAND is for woman suffrage. A canvas of the voters 
by a local paper shows an affirmative majority of forty-five 
in a total of four hundred and fifty-three. If this affords a fair 
indication of the drift of California eentiment on the subject, the 
days of masculine monopoly of the ballot are numbered. Even 
now a feminine lobby is at work in Sacramento to wrest from 
the Legislature some enactment looking o the establishment of 
the political rights of "women." And, contemporaneously, an 
agitation for co-operative house-keeping has began. It is declared 
that women have no time for keeping house, if they are to give 
proper attention to educational and political matters. The 
co-operative nursery idea may be next in order, and perhaps the 
abolition of nurseries and babies is not far distant. It might be 
just retribution to compel tyrant man to take a turn at rocking 
the cradle, if there are to he cradles, while emancipated woman 
tries her hand at ruling the world by law. It must be confessed 
that the men have usually made a mess of law-making. 

THE Senate has passed tbe Nicaragua Canal bill, and its fate is 
now in the keeping of the House of Representatives. The 
President will approve it when the opportunity is offered. There 
seems to be no serious opposition to its final passage by tbe 
House. The only thing that may stand in tbe way will be the 
aching desire of the various statesmen to have their names 
enrolled among the patriots, who in future time will shine out as 
grand characters in history. The session is coming to a close, 
and this Congress will soon pass out of existence. It has not 
been remarkable for anything brilliant, only in inviting a stu- 
pendous political disaster, partly because it failed to keep the 
party pledges as urged by President Cleveland. It should lose no 
time in acting on this important measure, which may have the 
effect to redeem its reputation. Should it fail to pass this session, 
which ends on the 4th of March, the bill dies with it, and fully 
two more years will elapse before action can be taken and work 
begin. Time is everything in the prosecution of such a splendid 


February 2, 1895. 


The Valley Road The large subscriptions made by Claus 
Has Been Spreckels and his sons, augmented by gen- 

Made Respectable, erous subscriptions by other men of high 
standing, invests the San Joaquin Valley 
Railroad project with a dignity which commands respect. It cannot 
be suspected that men like Claus Spreckels have gone into the enter- 
prise for contemptible motives; for, although Mr. Spreckels has a 
fortune which would enable him to live at ease and like a prince in 
his native country, he prefers California, proposes to end his days 
here, and is determined to see that the incomparable resources of 
the State shall have a proper opportunity for development. Of 
course adventurers and their schemes will hang upon the skirts of 
the respectability which now clothes the enterprise: it is an oppor- 
tunity which men of the Leeds type will press to the uttermost limit 
of tolerance ; sharpers of every kind will fringe the effort with town- 
site swindles, and school-teachers and farmers will be robbed by 
them without great effort. AH such undertakings must suffer these 
drawbacks, but we have the consoling reflection that there will be 
shrewd and strong men on hand who will do all that is possible to 
keep the matter clean and wholesome. Mr. Spreckels is an enter- 
prising man, and be has done much for the business interests of the 
State. He looks with pride upon its future growth and develop- 
ment, and more particularly San Francisco, whose merchant princes 
have sat for years at the Golden Gate, demanding tribute without 
recompense. He intends that this road shall be built, and there are 
hundreds of producers in the San Joaquin Valley who will aid in its 
construction. The only trouble that may arise, in view of the strong 
financial backing, will be in securing rights of way. When not found 
necessary to make gifts, damages may be demanded, in which case 
the law of eminent domain will have to be invoked. As San Fran- 
cisco has been languishing for many years for lack of spirit and 
energy, there existed a strong incentive with a- few who needed only 
the proper encouragement in the way of financial backing to cause 
the prominent real estate men to become enthusiastic. Of all 
branches of business men in this State, the real estate agents are the 
most active. Not alone in San Francisco, but in all the counties 
of the San Joaquin Valley, these men are restless in their advocacy 
of the building of the road, and in San Francisco are subscribing 
generously to the enterprise. 

Some Side Lights The Southern Pacific virtually has three rail- 
on the roads traversing the San Joaquin Valley, and 
New Railroad. they are more than sufficient to handle the 
present volume of traffic. The great trouble 
has been that its charges were so heavy. This created a public 
sentiment which alone, without considering the facts, or their dis- 
tortion by professional agitators, or the reasons that lay behind the 
rales, has put capitalists in a frame of mind to support the new 
enterprise. The enthusiasm which now prevails will have the severe 
test of time and of the trials and annoyances which must be encoun- 
tered. So far as the Southern Pacific is concerned, no matter how 
the promoters of the new enterprise may be made to suffer finan- 
cially from any rate war that may ensue, the old corporation will 
enjoy the ultimate benefit from a denser settlement of the valley. It 
has been and still is our belief that a canal is the wiser and safer plan, 
and it is a fact that Fresno capitalists are now at work inaugurating 
such a scheme. It would be more lasting and less annoying than a 
railroad, and pooling between it and existing railway lines would be 
impossible. This canal will probably be pushed, and may even over- 
shadow the new railroad, or may become its adjunct; for it is a fact 
that the most prosperous railroads are those which are conducted in 
competition with water transportation. And then, while the pro- 
posed road may prove valuable to the residents of the valley, it can 
hardly be expected to bring its owners a profit until it has been ex- 
tended to connect with a transcontinental line in the southern end of 
the State, and in that event the likelihood of its absorption and the 
loss of its utility as a competing line may ensue. Meanwhile, the 
road, to Kern County, will cost six millions of dollars, and that 
means the unlocking of hoarded money and the employment of 
many men. The effect of this upon the business of the State will be 
vastly important, and will extend at least over the term of construc- 
tion, which will be a number of years. Unless something unexpected 
happen, the new road will be built, and now that the undertaking has 
assumed respectability, we earnestly hope that nothing will occur to 
stop it. The most encouraging aspect of the case is the evidence 
which it furnishes of a spirit of pride, independence, and enterprise 
which has been awakened in the breasts of the people. 

Great Confusion The current of political events seems rushing 

in the rapidly toward a new deal in parties. While 

Political Ranks every evidence presented points to the passage 

of a railroad funding bill similar to that which 

is known as the Tteilly Bill, there is a division of sentiment as to the 

best effects of such a measure. The older and cooler sentiment of the 

Eastern States favors an extension of the debt under some funding 

scheme, seeing that this is the only way in which the whole debt can 

be collected, and knowing that the foreclosure of the mortgage would 
necessitate the extinction of the first-mortgage debt by the Govern- 
ment, which alone is greater than the value of the property. Our 
wise Eastern friends know also that the operation of the roads by the 
Government would be an absurdly unequal distribution of burdens 
and benefits, as the West would be benefited at the expense of the 
East. The measure of the Western intelligence and patriotism on 
this subject is the fact that the People's Party, which always dis- 
plays an incredible ingenuity in experimental insanity, opposes re- 
funding and demands Government ownership and control. It is this 
combination of elements that supports labor strikes. All these mal- 
contents have been looking forward to the Central and Union Pacific 
cases, hoping to give the public an example of what the Government 
could do in lightening the burdens of the people and open their eyes 
to the extortions that have been practiced by the great "octopus." 
This, in connection with the question of the free coinage of silver, 
will create a formidable party to go into a national campaign, and it 
looks as though everything were tending in that direction. The call 
of the President for speedy action on matters of the currency may 
hasten Congress to make a mistake in attempting to do something, 
and if they fail, or do the wrong thing, there will likely be a disin- 
tegration of all parties, and the organization of one with the Cameron 
plank, "Free coinage of silver and a protective tariff," to which will 
be added Government control of railroads. This is just about what 
the horoscope portends. 

Mean Jealousies That part of the local daily press which gives 
Among the highest expression of its patriotism in 

Our Journalists. mean attacks upon M. H. de Young happens 
also to be that part which makes itself the 
organ of mountebank "reforms" and politicians, and a breeder of 
strife between employers and employees. Its antagonism for Mr. 
de Young is clearly understood: the inspiration is newspaper jeal- 
ousy. The other aspect of its attitude is somewhat more complex, 
but none the less mean for that: it is the same spirit that supported 
the ruinous and murderous strike of last summer, and that is working 
now, by every adroit means known to the knave, to induce a strike 
by the employees of the Market-street Railway system. Such newspa- 
per conduct, however, is shrewdly measured by and artfully adjusted 
to the low popular intelligence and morality that make possible such 
a policy. Were our people better, the popularity of the Examiner 
would be impossible ; but it, and police corruption, and knavish poli- 
ticians, and "reforming" mountebanks and adventurers, will thrive 
in harmonious co-operation, and concoct schemes for extorting money 
from the rich, and strive to overthrow men who develop conspicuous 
abilities, just so long as ignorance and a lax moral perception pre- 
vail. Not satisfied with every picturesque form of lying which an 
unscrupulous ingenuity could suggest and an ignorant public accept 
in the local newspaper fight to defeat Mr. de Young for the United 
States Senatorship, the same mean spirit of jealousy is pursuing 
him in the matter of the Midwinter Fair. After be had successfully 
managed that remarkable undertaking, and brought it to a triumph- 
ant close, in the face of a persistent newspaper nagging and jibing 
that would have discouraged a weaker man, Mr. de Young came out 
of it with a handsome profit, which he is now investing with his 
usual wisdom in objects of art to serve as the nucleus for a great col- 
lection at Golden Gate Park. His achievement in making the Fair a 
success at all was wonderful, and may be regarded as a fair measure 
of his ability ; that he should have made so handsome a profit out of 
it for California is more remarkable still. It was an admirable con- 
ception of his to establish in the Park the attraction to which he is 
now applying the profits of the Midwinter Fair, and yet this impla- 
cable newspaper jealousy is snapping at his heels and making mean 
insinuations that could not come from an honest and manly heart. 
The worst enemies of our State are those who cannot or will not un- 
derstand the value of this whole enterprise to California and the 
genius of the man to whom its success was due. If it were conceiva- 
ble that Mr. de Young could be animated by so mean a jealousy as 
that which is arrayed against him, and that he should employ his 
knowledge and opportunities to their full extent against his journal- 
istic pursuers, there would be such a rattling of dry bones as would 
penetrate the ears of the dullest in the community. 

The Question of Some of the preachers are complaining of 
Divorce what they call "the laxity of our divorce 

Under Discussion, laws," and there is a movement on foot to 
reduce the grounds of divorce in California 
to what is called "Scriptural" cause. One clergyman, however, has 
ingeniously construed the Scriptural cause so as to make it include 
"wilful and malicious" desertion, which he regards as "constructive 
infidelity to the marriage vow." A little investigation of the subject 
would show that it is not so much the laws that are at fault as the 
manner of their administration. No doubt in some of our courts 
their is gross laxity in the granting of divorce, but our codes impose 
stringent provisions in such cases. Many persons who agitate for a 
change in the laws are evidently not well acquainted with what they 
aim to reform. In California there are six statutory grounds of di- 
vorce—adultery, extreme cruelty, wilful desertion, wilful neglect, 
habitual intemperance, and conviction of felony. Extreme cruelty is 
defined as the infliction of "grievous bodily injury or grievous mental 

February 2, 1895. 


suffering," and separation bjr consent it> not dncrtlon. Wilful neglect 
is the failure of the husband to provide the common ni 
life, having the ability to do so, or by reason of : ofligacy, 

or dissipation. To form a ground for divorce intemperance most be 
such as "disqualifies a person a great portion [Ac] of the time from 
properly attending to business," or such as may be reasonably held 
to inflict a course of great mental angolsh on Ihe iniured party. The 
wilful desertion, wilful neglect, or habitual intemperance ma 
tinue one year to constitute a cause for divorce in this Stale, ll is 
further provided by our laws thai divorce must be denied upon a 
showing of collusion, connivance, condonation, recrimination, or 
such lapse of lime as the codes regard as implying Forgiveness ol the 
offense or conduct complained of. No divorce may be granted unless 
the plaintiff shall have been six months a resident of the State before, 
the beginning of the suit, nor can divorce be lawfully granted by the 
default of the defendant, or upon the uncorroborated testimony of 
the parties, but the court must require proof of the facts alleged. 
This is a general outline of our divorce laws, but there are many 
other provisions, designed to secure the strict enforcement of the re- 
quirements above named. There is room to doubt the wisdom of 
allowing so many different causes of divorce, but it can scarcely be 
said with truth that our laws on the subject are lax. There is far 
more looseness in the published talk of some of the preachers. One 
learned rabbi solemnly denies the right to divorce on the ground of 
"incompatibility of temper,'' though no such ground is recognized by 
our statutes. Some clergymen wax eloquent over what they regard 
as the enormity of treating marriage as a civil contract, but it has 
ever been so regarded by the common law of England. To permit no 
marriage to be lawful unless solemnized according to the forms of a 
church would certainly not tend to make matrimony more sacred 
among those who are inclined to make light of its ties. 

The President President Cleveland has sent a communication to 
ana Congress in the form of a message, urging the 

The Currency, necessity of some immediate action in legislation 
affecting the currency. He proposes no plan as 
an Administration measure, but he presents the condition of the 
nuances of the country in the simplest, most honest, and plainest 
terms, reiterating his ideas on a too free exercise of silver coinage. 
He is not unfriendly to silver, and says that it would be more healthy 
to provide for a larger coinage as a medium of domestic exchange, 
and as an incentive to promote industrial development. He no doubt 
sees in the reflections of public sentiment and the actions of the 
people's representatives, an aggressive spirit, which, unless greatly 
modified by friendly compromise, may go beyond the limit of pru- 
dence and cause the pendulum to swing too far the other way. He 
is anxious to preserve the credit of the Government by some other 
process than issuing bonds, which is a necessity in the absence of 
some sharp remedial legislation on the currency question. He holds 
out the alarm signals which he hopes may have an electrifying effect 
upon the members of Congress. It is a dispassionate, business doc- 
ument, giving the country an idea of the existing condition, showing 
the people that, should Congress fail to apply a remedy, he has but 
one course left to pursue, and having the courage of his convictions, 
he will do the best he can to prevent any disaster to the national 

An Old Wrong The Freeholders, who are preparing a charter 
Should for this city, had in view the scandal attached to 

Be Corrected, the sale of the City Hall lots when they loaded 
future sales of city land with heavy restrictions. 
Has it ever occurred to any one to reflect on the singularity of the 
fact that the houses which have been erected on those lots are the 
cheapest and smallest that the fire regulations would permit ? It 
suggests, now that the uncovering of official iniquities is the fashion, 
that an inquiry might profitably be made into the validity of the 
titles under which those lots are held. Apart from any official ras- 
cality that might have tainted the transfers, there is a good old gen- 
eral statute to the effect that property dedicated to the public use 
may not pass into private ownership. Apparently the unwillingness 
of the present holders of these lots to make costly improvements 
indicates their feeling of insecurity with regard to their titles, for the 
improvements are absurdly disproportionate to the value of the lots. 
That fact alone is eloquent. The sale of those lots was shameful to 
the last degree, and if there is a way to recover the property it should 
be found. 

Valuable Papers, The theft of James G. Fair's will from the 
And How County Clerk's office is the greatest of local 

They Disappear, sensations. In all the idle speculation in 
which the public has indulged there seems 
to have been an overlooking of the gravity of the affair, as it con- 
cerns the security of all property affected by devise. The facts in 
the case are simple. Fair died recently, leaving a will disposing of 
property valued at twenty to forty millions of dollars. By reason of 
technical legal interposition the "probating" of the will was delayed, 
and pending a judicial determination its custody was reposed in the 
hands of the County Clerk. It has disappeared from his office. Its 
disappearance makes its proof on parole evidence difficult, and all 
bnt impossible should the genuineness of the signature be challenged. 

If it should be .wept aside no msller if an earlier will in found, rant 
i-o Imperil*] or destroyed. The In 

imaged mighl seek re.lre.. by -ml on the Omnty llork's 

■ II hO« cm, 

ilj real long lav beyond ll lark i, mi Bgenl pa 

the municipality and partlj ,.| the state, how tar beyond him mlglil 

the damaged llllere.l k f,.r n |j (hut 

under another Clerk thai a local rich man's will « .,,,, the 

ouri-room. and was afterward inrrepUtiously retained Theanlhor 
of that then was never discovered. Evidently there is an absurdly 
dangerous discrepanoj between the value of the documents entrusted 
l " ''"' Ooootj I lerk'< keeping and the adequacy ..i means for their 
safe-keeping, it is evident that had the rlerk been sufficiently care- 
ful these wills would no' have Both the Freehol 
who are now drawing up a new charter for the city, and the Legisla- 
ture, which is in session, have an alarming object lesson that de- 
mands attention and that reaches vastly beyond the private in 
concerned in the Fair estate. 

Our Millionaires Speculation as to the authors of the Fair will 
And Their theft is natural, and the tendency of thai 

Queer Reputation, which prevails is an unhappy indication of 
the opinion commonly held among us of 
those poor and obscure ones who have acquired great fortunes under 
our eyes, and by methods with which we are familiar. Fair's wii 
was an extraordinary document. Although devising the bulk of his 
fortune to his children, it divorced them from the management of 
the estate, which it placed in the hands of the testator's confidential 
clerks. They, too, were made devisees, but to a comparatively in- 
significant amount. Yet, shrewd as Fair was, he practically gave 
these men the power to wreck the estate or divert it for their own 
benefit and to the immeasurable damage of the natural heirs. Fair 
no doubt had his own reasons for this, and it might not be difficult 
to guess them; but that is immaterial. If the will should be elim- 
inated from the case nothing would stand between the children and 
their equal division of the property. The temptation for them to 
combine to that end was the strongest imaginable; and as there is 
no evil greater than that which the love of money can work, it is no 
wonder that Fair's children are now regarded with awed and curious 
amazement. The whole wretched business is on a par with the 
methods by which Californians became millionaires in the early 
days; with the vulgarity and loose morals which characterize our 
rich fashionable society; with the buying of broken-down and 
beggarly aristocratic husbands by the daughters of our millionaires; 
with the showy, rich, and conscienceless churches that abound 
amongst us, and with that all-pervading low moral tone and shame- 
less rascalry that lie at the bottom of our politics. But it is a blessed 
thing to reflect that it requires just such scandals as this, with all 
that they bring to the surface, to rouse into wholesome activity the 
many quiet but strong and clean men and women whose power the 
looser and grosser elements have so long obscured; and, barring the 
deterring effect which the clamor of clowns and adventurers work to 
all reforms, the spirit of decency that abides among us is roused and 
active, and in time will purge the community of its dangerous base- 

Some Mysteries There is danger of entertaining unjust sus- 
of the picions with regard to the Fair offspring and 

Great Will Theft, their father's missing will. The theft of A. 
T. Stewart's body and the holding of it 
against the receipt of money for its return— this is not forgotten. 
The Fair will may be in a similar position; but see how strange the 
position of the heirs if they buy it from the thief 1 How would it be 
possible for them to produce proof of the transaction, and thereby 
clear themselves of suspicion, and what could they do but assume 
that hauteur which is so becoming to millionaires and tell the public 
to suspect what it will? And who but they would be approached 
with an offer to sell? Another peculiar feature of the case is the last 
clause of the will, which might be construed to mean that every one 
of the thirteen pages of the will had been signed. Still another is the 
alleged discovery that a certain water-mark in the last (and signed) 
page is absent in the others. From this fact it might be assumed 
that as an extraordinary precaution Fair signed every page of bis 
real will, that all the pages but the last (which bore the signatures of 
the witnesses) had been stolen and others substituted before the 
document was filed, and that the peculiar will which has disappeared 
was not his real will at all. If sufficient of these facts to destroy the 
value of parole evidence as to the contents of the will should be 
proved (and who could judge of the genuineness of the proof?), the 
whole complicated structure will fall to the ground a wreck. Thus 
the intricacies of the whole scandalous affair — scandalous even 
in its known and genuine aspects— multiply amazingly. No 
criminal mystery of recent years can be compared with it in point of 

The Police Force San Francisco is just now suffering from an 
and overdose of police incompetency and corrup- 

Public Opinion, tion. It would not matter so much if knowl- 
edge of the affair were merely local, but it has 
become pretty general throughout the State, and has even made its 


February 2, 1895. 

way to the Eastern cities, to the discredit of the metropolis of the 
Pacific. A lawyer — at least one who has that reputation— stood up 
in court only last Wednesday, and under the solemnity of an oath 
testified that the police of this city were a hard set; that they were 
disreputable and unworthy of trust. He did not say that he thought 
so or believed so, but that he knew it to be a fact. Lawyers are not 
always to be relied upon when they have vital interests at stake, but 
this assertion tallies so squarely with the public belief that there is 
something about it which is worthy of thought. It is always despi- 
cable to hear Hppy and flippant agitators, who ape the demagogue, 
eternally berating men who occupy official positions, as is their stock 
in trade; but in this instance there seems to be no offense given to 
the general opinion of the most prominent citizens. Just where the 
fault exists, and where the remedy must be applied to correct the 
evil and remove the stain, is the problem. It cannot be denied that 
there is a necessity for a reorganization of both the Police and Fire 
Departments. They have been running in an old rut, and have been 
shielded by a cloak of wealth and respectability that means inertia 
on the part of those who have been clothed with the management. 
While they may not have injected into these departments the evils 
that exist, they have not exercised vigilance in preventing them. It 
will require new blood and a different quality of energy to remove 
the stain that clings to San Francisco, and the sooner it is applied the 

Dr. Haweis The Rev. Dr. Haweis, an eminent English par- 
and his son visiting here, with financially profitable re- 

Diverting Gods, suits, is reported in the local press to have de- 
livered himself of the following sentences: 
"Morality is right conduct. And what is that? It is conduct 
conforming to the nature of the god we worship. As is man's 
religion so will be his conduct. When, knowing the right, we do 
wrong, it is not because of a conflict between righteousness and con- 
duct, but because our wills are weak. If a man worships a bad god 
his conduct will be bad, and if you are an agnostic your conduct 
will sometimes be right and sometimes wrong." 

It would be difficult to give his words any other construction than 
this: Either there are many gods (some good and others bad), or 
there is only one god, and that god is good or bad according to our 
conception of him. We may thus infer that Dr. Haweis can find no 
fault with Ingersoll's aphorism, "An honest god is the noblest work 
of man." As, according to the Haweisan theory, a man's conduct 
is based on his religion and his religion on his choice or conception 
of a god, and as we are not informed that one god has a higher par- 
doning power than another, it seems to be just as safe to follow a 
bad god as a good one, and to be as jovial and wicked as the laws of 
men will permit— if we prefer. As for this refined English Sam 
Jones's views on the conduct of agnostics, it seems inconsistent with 
his others. The multiplicity of the Haweis plural god or the variety 
of his single deity appears to make agnosticism the only refuge for an 
intelligent conscience— the only way by which a gentleman can 
escape the error of making some possibly wicked god his conspir- 
ator. We may be certain that from the list of the products of all 
known god factories Dr. Haweis has not been so wicked as to exclude 


IF the following description of the setting for a Japanese play is 
true, we have yet to make progress in histrionic realism be- 
fore we can hope to rival the Japs. We quote from an article 
in the Musical Courier: 

" In the foreground was a small tumble-down hut of tempo- 
rary make, a tripod of sticks with suspended kettle over a spent 
fire. Here and there were evidences of recent human presence — 
a bucket of water, a dipper, a bowl of rice. The rest of the stage 
was filled to its full depth with the real rusues found in the na- 
tive swamps, standing upright, and with reeds, trees, and grass, 
all real also. Perfect silence reigned, which became almost pain- 
ful in its intensity. Then a distant frog croaked and was an- 
swered from another part of the marsh. This was several times 
repeated with wonderful imitation of reality. The leaves of the 
farther trees rustled as they were shaken in the wind, and the 
nearer rushes swayed before it. 

" Then far off was heard the cry of a bird whose note betokens 
rain. Nearer and nearer came the sound, and the birds, flying 
swiftly, crossed the stage like a flash, low, almost among the 
waving reeds. A slow darkening, a few puffs of wind, a rustle 
of the reeds and leaves, and patter came the rain-drops, water 
unmistakably, pouring and spashing down between us and the 
dim gray background. A woman entered with dripping um- 
brella and high-tucked kimono, followed soon after by a man 
with drawn knife. Then the attack, the struggle, and the disap- 
pearance of both into the swamp. The awful death-hunt in 
and abaut and among the rushes, the position only indicated by 
the reeds, which bent and swayed and hid all but the fierce 
hidden fight for life; of the thud of a blow, of the terrible gur- 
gles of death, followed by the splash, splash of an artery as it 
ebbed away a life. The fearful realism of the whole scene and 
its consummate art are indescribable." 


["From the News Letter's Correspondent.] 

THERE is much talk of reform in the Assembly that is all talk. 
It is generally known that so far individual members have 
advocated retrenchment for the purpose of securing profitable 
recognition upon the floor. By the way of illustration we cite 
the efforts of Walter H. Price, of Sonoma. This gentleman has time 
and again attacked the report of the Committee on Attaches, asking 
that the number of employees be reduced. While making a windy 
hypocritical blow about economy he had a standing offer, made 
by himself, to shut up if he were granted but one more attache" for 
himself! The motive of the young Solon was known; hence he 
did nothing towards reducing the State expenses on the one band, 
nor securing advantage for himself. He has simply accomplished 
the paradoxical feat of colliding with himself. 

Another young man who is in danger of shutting the door of 
influence against himself is Assemblyman Powers, from San 
Francisco. He was made chairman of the big San Francisco 
delegation. This gave him an opportunity that should have led 
him to rise above all petty and personal considerations. His 
manner also should have been such as would cause him to hold 
the respectful attention of the members. Yet the other day, 
when be spoke of retrenchment and "this glorious reform," the 
Assembly became mirthful. Why? Because the rumor had 
gained footiDg that he, too, was attacking the mountain for the 
purpose of securing a grain of sand. Let these young men take 
warning. A new era of politics is upon us, and a man who 
climbs up to-day must not only be a good climber but have a 
good ladder. 

It is conceded that Mr. Langenour, of Yolo, is the handsomest 
man in the Assembly. He is a young man; yet there is a manli- 
ness in his make-up which promises much. He has that self- 
possession which is the result of conscious power. Sitting nigh 
him is the accredited leader of the House, Dick Thomas, of 
Nevada City. He is a little more handsome than the "handsom- 
est," because he is a single man. I understand that all the pro- 
fane ladies swear by him, and the others stop at vowing. He is 
a good fellow well met and often. An easy speaker, he possesses 
that match of oratory by which the lamp of his words is set on 
fire. If he goes slow enough he will surely come in ahead of 
time. Few men are ready debaters, for few think quickly and 
methodically on the floor. Mr. Thomas thinks well on h s 
feet, as we say, and is not easily tripped up; while Assembly- 
man Price, of Sonoma, thinks well on his head, as it were; by 
which we mean that he is quite the opposite to Mr. Thomas in 
his manner of thinking. He never takes hold of an audience 
that be does not let go of himself, so far. 

And what is here said of Mr. Price applies with equal force or 
weakness to several members of the House. The reason of this 
oratorical taking-bold-and-letting-go is found in the fact that 
young men rely not so much upon what they say as upon the 
sayer. Hence the speaker's feelings overcome him, and instead 
of making the audience tremble he does the trembling himself. 
Every young Cicero must learn that the real force of his speech 
is in the thought uttered, enhanced always by the better delivery. 
It is not certain whether this Legislature may boast a genuine 
orator; by which I mean a man who bas within him those 
weapons which are the gifts of the gods and not to be had from 
the schools. Some of the essentials of the orator are wit, humor, 
satire, fancy, and imagination. If one have these elements of 
genius and is skilled in the use of them an injured cause Is safer 
in his hands than is a just cause in the hands of one lacking in 
those things which ennoble speech. 

It may not be amiss to observe that young men often make a 
grave mistake in having their motives questioned by the other 
members. Men like a sincere man, though he be a dunce; they 
also admire a disinterested man. Hence if a new member begins 
a reform movement prompted by a personal grievance, his fel- 
lows look at each other as who would say, "He is building that 
fire to warm himself by" — and soon it begins to rain! 

The inaugural ball was brilliant. It shone, but not with Jetfer- 
sonian lustre. It was not simple but complex. Some noted 
people were there of whom no note was taken. There was a 
sound of music that was not all sound. Merry feet woke echoes 
upon the floor of public distress. In so soft an affair there was 
no bint of hard times. The Assemblymen who bad been fasting 
for a week met the last course at the table; the Senator, after a 
ten days' lank anticipation, came in for dessert only. When din- 
ner was announced appetite was all foot. There was a mad 
Palistian rush. The mighty rear was brought up by the grave 
but gaily-attired Senators, who, while still respecting law, have 
lost all reverence for custom. 

Wioedid not flow in confluent streams meeting everywhere. 
Two wines made up the list — the still white wine, which soon 
made the guests less quiet, and a champagne that anon made 
bashful tbe unblushing. But these artificial enhancers of natural 
joy were grown in the glad fields of sunny California. It was 
costly, and a shining show of extravagance. But the old world 
passes away while it remains. Life is not all work, and too much 
saving is had at a loss. It would be a poor world indeed that 
could boast neither fool nor philosopher! 

Frl.niarv ?, 1895. 



CALIFORNIA Is creditably represented on the boards of the 
London play-bnuses in the person of MIm Eleanor Calhoun, 
of San Jose— a place, to nse bar own words, >-of palms and Sow- 
en, like unto Eden for beauty." Miss Calboon, It will be remem- 
bered, made her d->>'t before tbe footlights In Ban Francisco, and 
was subsequently offered an engagement by Mr. and Mrs. Ban- 
croft. She made a great bit in London In the fascinating rdil of 
Vasbti Detbic in Judah, succeeding Miss Olga Brandon. Since 
then ber popularity has rapidly grown. At present she Is ap- 
pearing at the Warrick in Mr. Sydney Grundy's new play, Slate.* 
of the Ring. I was present on the opening night and a witness to 
the hearty enthusiasm that welcomed her re-appearance. Miss 
Calboon delivered the Ophelia passages with great dramatic force, 
and went through several rather barren situations with consider- 
able artistic effect. 

At the Aquarium last week a Miss Hastings, of San Francisco, 
made her first appearance before a London audience; but although 
the stage name is familiar I fait to recall the lady at this moment. 
Mr. Frank Wheeler is also an American artist who is meeting 
with pronounced success in local stageland. At a notice of only 
twenty-four boors be assumed tbe character of Miggles in the 
Shop Qirl, now in the course of a most successful run at tbe 
<!aiety. Mr. H. J. \V. Dam, a gentleman well known in San 
Francisco, is tbe fortunate author of this bright and clever musi- 
cal piece. Another clever little American actress winning laurels 
here is Mies Annie Meyers, of Baltimore; she is playing tbe 
soubrette part in The Queen of Brilliants. She will be remembered 
bj all theatre-goers as a former leading sonbrette in the McCaull 
Opera Company. 

A fact not generally known — because tbe English press studi- 
ously avoids such subjects — is that the Prince of Wales has re- 
quested of the Queen the useof Buckingham Palace and has been 
emphatically refused. Owing to tbe inability or disinclination of 
Her Majesty to undertake the social functions of tbe sovereign, 
all such duties have for many years past devolved upon tbe heir- 
apparent, and His Royal Highness now finds tbe accomodations 
of bis present demesne— Marlborough House — altogether inade- 
quate to the requirements. Considering the circumstance that 
tbe royal palace in London is not in use more than one week in 
tbe year, it does look as if Her Majesty were acting the part of 
"dog-in-the-manger." But England's ruler has ever been jeal- 
ously regardful of ber rights and prerogatives, and manifests a 
lively disposition not to have them encroached upon. To be tbe 
occupant of Buckingham Palace is to be virtually recognized as 
tbe Sovereign — at least, so far as concerns society — and the Queen 
is cognizant of this. Also, the royal parent is well aware that 
certain of her offspring is anxiously anticipating the event of her 
shoes being empty, and that a large proportion of her subjects is in 
sympathy with him. Therefore she never loses an opportunity to 
discourage the idea. To abdicate is one of the few things against 
which she has firmly set her determination. Victoria will exit 
"Queen of Eogland." 

Of the powers unfriendly to the Prince's interests none is more 
potent than Princess Henry of Battenberg (Princess Beatrice), in 
that she is tbe one most favored with theear of tbe Queen, and it 
is an open secret that when H. R. H. signs himself Edward Rex 
the atmosphere surrounding the Battenbergs will be decidedly less 

Notwithstanding all his faults, there is no escaping the fact 
that the Prince of Wales ie the most popular man in London, if 
not in all England. All classes are unanimous in praising his ex- 
treme bonhomie, and his democratic ways endear him to the most 
bumble. He is en evidence on all public occasions, whenever pos- 
sible — from the opening of a home for bootnlacks to state recep- 
tions. Tbe ready consent, a short time ego, of the German Em- 
peror to the postponement of tbe production in Berlin of Sir 
Arthur Sullivan's opera, Ivanhoe — rendered advisable by tbe in- 
disposition of the composer — was due to the influence of an auto- 
graph request made by tbe Prince of Wales. 

What enhances the Prince's popularity is probably the fact 
that he never, or very seldom, resents public censure. As an in- 
stance of this — and tbe fact has not got widely into print — I may 
mention that following the Tranby Croft baccarat scandal more 
than one pack of dirty cards were thrown into his carriage as he 
rode abont London, and to these implied insults the Prince offered 
no resentment whatever. Whether it was that be took tbe re- 
buke in good part or that, knowing tbe disposition of the English 
to turn in the defense of one wbo is unequally assailed, be 
shrewdly took advantage of this national trait, I know not, but 
certainly be could not have acted better in his own interests. 

It is no longer a matter of surprise to me that Europeans shonld 
deem the United States a loosely-governed and only semi civilized 
country. On board the vessel by which I crossed the Atlantic 
there were several Californians, and to bear tbeir tales of adven- 
ture and lawlessness in •< the wild and woolly West " one would 
imagine it was still the days of '49 out there. There was also, of 
the passengers, a man from Nebraska, who, amid bis general 
abuse of the State that bad given him his competence, openly 
boasted that he bad held the offices of Postmaster and Justice of 
the Peace without having ever taken the oath of allegiance — he 

being an alien. He said be bad never been approached with the 
question at to whether or not he was a citizen. I have hts name 
and former address, if any one abould care to Investigate the 

While in the British Museum lately I made tbe acquaintance 
of a yonng American lady wbo, among other things, casually 
asked me If I bad visited the late Chicago Exposition. On reply- 
ing In tbe negative, she naively remarked : >• I presume It was a 
fear of the noise and tbe awful crowds that kept you away. I 
was In Italy that year and met a great many American ladlea 
wbo assured me that nothing could Induce them to visit the Fair, 
as it would be overrun with tbe moat undesirable people from 
everywhere. Some were Chicago ladles, and they said that the 
city would be unbearable." 

" But surely." I asked in astonishment, " tbey did not leave 
without seeing tbeir own great Exposition ? " 

" Why, yes I " sbe answered, with equal surprise at my question. 

After that I could no longer wouder at tbe disdain in which 
foreigners hold America. 

I wisb I could see the sun again. Three months I have now 
been here, and not one gleam in the leaden sky. 

London, January 12, 1895. Emma R. Endues. 


R DUNCAN MILNE— " Mr. Crocker, I have forgotten my 
. purse. It was in my other trousers. I left them at my 
uncle's house this morning. May I be obliged with a slight loan 
of three hundred dollars? You shall have it in the morning." 

Mr. Crocker — " Certainly! Don't you want a thousand? You 
may have anything you wish I" 

Milne (firmly) -"Thanks; I wish only that amount." 

Crocker — " I'm so grieved ! Here's tbe check." 

[Exit Milne to cash check ] 

Daniel O'Connell— "Johnny Hammersmith, Mr. Sam Davis 
and myself want to buy a diamond necklace to present to M'telle 
Cherrytoes, at the California Theatre. We want to buy it jointly 
because we are so jealous of each other. We want real dia- 
monds and we are willing to pay anything that is reasonable." 

Hammersmith—" Ah? Well, here is one which we have for $15,- 

Davis — "Thanks'. That will do nicely. Here is the money." 

Hammersmith (with pride) — Nol Neverl Mr. Davis, tbe store 
is always yours; also, yours, Mr. O'Connell. ThiB is not a ques- 
tion of vulgar trade." 

[Exit Davis and O'Connell with necklace and two marquise rings.] 

Will Tevis—" Say, Friedlander, give me two sacks of wheat, 
will yon?" 

Friedlander — "You bet!" 

Tevis—" I'll pay you when papa dies." 

Friedlander—" Never mindl Papa will never die! Take the 

[Exit wheat, accompanied by Tevis,] 

Daniel Meyer — "And so you want a release on that mort- 
gage, Mr. Lynch? Well, I don't quite like your public spirit too 
much, all tbe lime, but anyhow, take anything you want. I 
have got more money left, but I am poor since this religious busi- 
ness started." 

Jerry Lynch — <« Mr. Meyer, you make a mistake. I have not 
yet had to mortgage my property. I have just promised to lend 
my mummy — you know '.—the resurrected mummy of Sesostris 
tbe First, of Egypt — to the Bohemian Jinks. Some scoundrel 
has stolen the mummy, and I want to ask you if you will oblige 
me by impersonating it jnst for one night. I'll boy a drink for 
you afterwards !'' 

Daniel Meyer (fervently) — "Certainly, Jerry — with great pleas- 

[Exit Jerry to buy sarcophagus ] 

Mrs Eunice Westwater— " Please, Mr. Foute, will you let me 
own your choir? I'll scream if you don't." 

Dr Foute — "Scream I" 

[Exit with two pew payes.] 

Governor Budd — " Yes, Mr. Gunst, I am deeply grieved at my 
hasty action. I was excited at tbe time. Here, take it!" 

Gunst—" Thank you. Keep itl" 

[Exit with the only four-bit cigar in Sacramento.] 

Mose Gunst (at tue gate of Heaven) — '« Holy St. Peter I may I 
go in? I've left all my cigars behind, also Sutro!" 

St. Peter— "No, no, Mr. Gunst; go to Budd — I mean — well, 
nevermind what I mean! Budd knows." 

Henry Bigelow. 

If you have a good gun and want to enjoy shooting, buy Selby's 
E. C. Smokeless Shotgun Cartridges. " E. C." is the most reliable 
Smokeless Powder. It is hard grain, not affected by the weather, 
warranted not to pit the gun, will keep ten years. Very little breech 
pressure on the gun. Great penetration. Perfect pattern. 

By watching for dangerous symptoms, and by giving Steedman's 
Soothing Powders at the right time, save your baby from fits or con- 
vulsions during teething. 


February 2, 1895 



AB the testimony in the Barron will case, now on trial in San 
J use, progresses, the folly of old men marrying young wives is 
becoming more strikingly exemplified. There is sufficient mater- 
ial for the novelist or dramatist in this peculiar and prolific story. 
It is a tale pregnant with moral lessons, a sermon on the reckless 
indulgence of human passions, a California classic of the type 
which degenerate Rome delighted in. Barron was a successful 
man, who, with the assistance of his first wife, won a competence, 
and added, and added, and &aved, and scraped, and to what 
end? Willi money came the longing for dissipation, the enjoy- 
ment of the society of women who would never condescend to 
notice a poor man, but to whom a rich man was a thing to fondle 
and farm, to reap golden ears by soft blandishments and simu- 
lated passion. After tbe first wife, a faithful, earnest woman, 
dies in exile, as it were, this Napoleon of Hymen takes another 
to his bosom. She lives but a year, and then he consoles his 
lonely bachelorhood with the caresses of a housekeeper dark as 
the darkest African of tbe Dark Continent. This was tbe fatal 
error of his life. He offers bis purse and person to a yonng Irish- 
woman, who tells him frankly she does not love him, but who 
permits him to marry her. The dislike for her step-children is the 
almost natural sequence of such a strange union, then their vir- 
tual disinheritance, and her lavish enjoyment of tbe money won 
at so dear a purchase — the embraces of a worn-out sensualist. 
Her contempt of the plebeians that surround her is so marked 
that she refuses even to sit down to table with her husband's land 
agent and life-long friend. He grows morose and melancholy. 
The closing days of his life are miserable. The negro liaison haunts 
him; it is the skeleton in his closet. It peeps out from Time, and 
drives him wild with fear. It grins at him on the streets, in the 
bar-rooms in the village of Mayfield, where his home is, and 
never leaves his side. Finally it unseats his once active brain, 
and be dies an imbecile, tbe victim of too much marriage, and a 
miscegenation, and illicit alliance. 

* » * 

There happened in at the Cercle Fraocais one day this week 
the son of a man who made a piece of California's history. His 
father was a retired captain of infantry in the French army. 
When Piocbe, be who wrecked the little fortunes of so many of 
his countrymen by inducing them to make him their fiduciary 
agent for investments in California, and afterwards, overcome 
with remorse, committed suicide in his bathroom in bis mansion 
on Stockton street, began to go to tbe wall, tbe news reached the 
old captain by a Californian then traveling in France. His fifty 
thousand francs were in danger, and he determined to have an 
accounting of that money, or kill the man who bad robbed him. 
So he gathered together enough to pay his way to San Francisco, 
and put his pistols, carried through tbe Crimean war, in his 
valise. When be landed here at tbe Pacific Mail wharf he in- 
quired where Monsieur Piocbe lived. They told him the locality, 
and the old soldier loaded bis pistols and went to look for his 
fifty thousand francs. 

Piocbe had just finished a luxurious breakfast when tbe visitor 
was ushered in. Tbe interview was brief. Tbe old man locked 
tbe door and put bis pistols on the table. 

<Now, Monsieur Pioche," he said, "I want my fifty thousand 
francs, or you take this pistol and I'll take tbe other, and we 
shall have the duel right here. I will not, I cannot, live a pauper. 
Give me my money or I'll have your life, or you'll have mine." 

Pioche realized tbe deadly earnestness of tbe man, and gave 
bim back bis money. 

A month afterwards Piocbe shot himself, while tbe veteran re- 
turned to France and bought a vineyard for bis son, who is now 
here examining tbe prospects of casting his fortunes among tbe 
wine-growers of the Pacific Slope. 

* * * 

Charles Josselyn on horseback is now a familiar figure in the 
Park and on the Presidio roads on fine mornings. Mr. Josselyn 
is possibly one of the best horsemen in California, except about 
six or possibly seven. Tbe animal he bestrides is a spirited one, 
but does not succeed in flinging Mr. Josselyn more than twice a 
day. It is superfluous to say that under these circumstances the 
odor of arnica in Mr. Josselyn's bath room is stifling. 
» • # 

There is a tremendous stir in English society circles over what 
many people deem a quite unnecessary act of uncharitable intol- 
erance nn the part of the Bishop of Chester. Tbe prelate, it 
seems, interdicted the Wear of Alton Towers from admitting tbe 
Countess of Shrewsbury to communion. It may be remembered 
that several years ago, under tbe most romantic circumstances, 
her Ladyship, tben another man's wife, eloped with the premier 
English Earl. The injured husband divorced the lady as expedi- 

tiously as tbe law allowed, and Lord Shrewsbury married her. 
Since tben tbey have lived quietly in the country, and by de- 
grees the scandal was being forgotten. Its revival is due to tbe 
action of the Countess in taking a serious turn. For some years 
she and her children have attended church regularly, but till re- 
cently her Ladyship did not offer herself as a communicant. 
When she did so the Vicar, a personal friend, chose to forget the 
strict letter of ecclesiastical law and treat her as every one else. 
He reckoned, however, without his Bishop, who reprimanded him 
severely, and also wrote to Lord Shrewsbury in painfully plain 
terms. Tbe London press is indignant, and public sympathy is 
being shown to the unfortunate lady, who with ber family has 
gone to tbe south of France. Tbe Bishop, in defending his course, 
remarked: "Indiscreet persons seem to forget that there is here 
no question of extending forgiveness to tbe sinner; a clergyman 
cannot consult his own inclination as to whether he may admit 
to communion persons living in a onion which the church does 
not regard as matrimony, and this is of necessity its attitude 
towards tbe re-marriage of divorced persons." The premier Eng- 
lish Earl and his Countess will visit Hew York this spring, and 
may tour California. 

* » # 

SCENE : California- street mansion. Time, afternoon tea. Three ele- 
gantly dressed, well known society ladies talking to hostess, whose 
little girl (unnoticed) has been reading a copy of the News Letter 
of January 5th. 

Little Girl— Mamma, is Mr. Cbambliss going to marry a prin- 

Mother — A princess? Why? Ob r yes (turning to her guests), 
tbe News Letter seems to hint at it. 

Little Girl— Do you think he will take ber to live at the Pal- 
ace Hotel? 

Mother (impatiently): — I suppose so. 

Little Girl— Do you think it's large enough? 

Mother— Large enough 1' Of conrse! Do you expect the prin- 
cess to be of more than ordinary size? 

Little Girl — No, but tbe paper says she has five millions of — 
of — what is it, mamma, children? (Tbe ladies look at each other 
in dismay). 

Mother — No, no, tbe paper means five million pounds. 

Little Glrl— Pounds of what? Of candy? 

Mother — No, my dear; gold. 

Little Girl — Then why doesn't the paper say so? 

Mother— It simply means pounds of gold (looking significantly 
at her guests). The editor must have forgotten to put that in, or 
perhaps he did not understand tbe English term of £. 

Little Glrl— How many dollars are in an English pound of 

Mother— Five. 

Little Glrl— Ob! Then Mr. Cbambliss will be a very rich 

Mother — Yes, my dear. 

Little Girl — I suppose as soon as be gets it he will stop writ- 
ing books about Mr. Crocker. 

Mother — My dear, you must not talk so much. 

Little Girl— Why do they call bim a doke? If he marries a 
princess be ought to be a prince. 

Mother— You really must be quiet; you don't understand 
these things! 

Little Girl— Mamma, won't the other dancing man be jealous 
when Mr. Cbambliss marries the beautiful princess? 

Mother— Dancing man? What do you mean? 

Little Girl — You know the man he always quarrels with, 
Mr. Gree 

Mother (quickly) — He is not a "dancing man." He and Mr. 
Chambliss are leaders of society. 

Little Girl — But doesn't that mean the same thing? 

Mother— (ringing bell for maid)— Amelia, take Miss Edythe at 
once to the nursery. 

* • « 

About half a dozen of tbe epicures of tbe city are arranging for 
what tbey entitle " a kidney contest." This is to be a competi- 
tive cooking match, and is the result of a long dispute as to tbe 
best method of preparing kidneys. A jury of eight members of 
the Bohemian Club are to decide this interesting contest, and tbe 
prize is to be a handsome silver chafing dish. Now, the mystery 
of kidney has not been unraveled by many. Properly bandied it 
is a royal delicacy, easily digested, and leaves behind it the most 
delightful memories. There are broiled kidneys, and stewed kid- 
neys, and baked kidneys, and nothing is so susceptible of change 
of flavor as the kidney. The contestants will solemnly engage in 
this great battle, and tbe dishes will be presented to the members 
of the committee, who of course will be kept in ignorance of the 
authors. Tben the ballots will be cast and tbe silver dish awarded. 

* * ii 

The comments of the public on tbe actions and property of 
private individuals are usually much to the point, and often 
quite amusing to all but ihe subject of the remarks. Tbe Cali- 
fornia-street car was sliding along tbe level top of Nob Hill, and 
passed tbe big square house whose long-unfinished appearance 

Fel.ruary 2, 189">. 


has niide ■□ unsightly corner in that neighborhood. On tbo util 
• tde of the bouse ibe plastei bid (•lien off. leaving • Urge apot 
tbe outlines of which took the distinct shape of a camel. The 
three men who were going up hurae saw the spot and remarked it. 

•• Makes me tblnk of tbat thing In the Bible about the camel 
and tbe needle, yon know, and the rich man getting through the 
gates of Heaven." 

"That's so," assented another; '-and, by Oeorgel he's got 
■ Mammon ' spelled all around the top of the house. That's a 
pretty good combination," and tbe trio enjoyed tbe joke im- 

If the owner would remove tbe "coffin draps," as a pretty 
girl called them when she went by (for tbe ornamentation does 
look remarkably like M's and O's), the passer-by would have no 
cause to make invidious remarks about Mammon-worshippers 
and tbe pearly gates above. 

A. E. Davis, tbe veteran railroad man, has the reputation 
among lawyers of being the shrewdest and most dangerous wit- 
ness in a suit at law. Tbe lawyers are afraid of bim, and are 
exceedingly cautious in their cross-examination. On Monday, in 
J udge Lorigan's court, in San Jose, even the keen and experienced 
Judge John Garber was pinned by Mr. Davis neatly. 

Tbe object of the defendant's counsel was to keep the negro 
mistress episode in Edward Barron's life out of sight. This, Mr. 
Delmas, George Barron's attorney, agreed to. 

•'Did yon have many financial affairs with Mr. Barron? " asked 
Judge Garber, in his cross-examination. 

■•Oh, I don't care to speak about those matters," rejoined the 
witness, innocently. 

" Please inform the jury what those were," pursued the attor- 
ney, concluding that be was on the eve of getting from Mr. Davis 
some disclosures important to his side of the case. 

" Well, then, if you must know," replied the old man, grimly, 
ii I gave tbe nigger woman a thousand dollars to get her back to 

Garber looked annoyed and astonished, and a ripple of amuse- 
ment swept over tbe broad, good-natured face of Judge Lorigan. 
This was tbe very skeleton tbat the widow's side of tbe Barron 
contest wished to keep in the closet. 

* * * 

A satin slipper on tbe floor — ab, me, how I adore it I 
It brings tbe fair one's face to me; I fain would kneel before it. 
How dainty is that sloping heell Pray Jove it never trip her. 
Wonld I could be for one short hour that pretty satin slipper! 
How round her little toes I'd clingl Her walking shoes she'd 

I'd never, never press or hnrt her darling dncky corn. 
And I would be, oh, so discreet, we never should be parted; 
I'd never, never dare to lift my fond eyes from the carpet, 
And all I'd care or give to know, that we should never sever, 
Though she, my cruel, haughty queen, my sole should crush 

forever 1 

# * * 

The question which has been troubling some of onr contempo- 
raries as to " Why the decadence of marriage? " could be very 
easily answered by any reflective mind that studies our society, 
or, in fact, our community, to-day. There used to be a time, not 
so very long ago, either, when drunkenness or profanity in a man 
was conceded to be a mark of low breeding and innate vulgarity. 
As to such things being tolerated in society, it would have been 
nnbeard of. Now what do we find ? Not only men indulge in 
both these habits in a lady's drawing room, but the women them- 
selves are not above taking a band at the same thingl Even the 
very " nicest " of our girls will smile and giggle over a man whom 
tbey call •■ filled up," and an oath used as an adjective is a com- 
mon type of society conversation. When men thus find license 
as well as liberty in the social sphere what wonder they lose the 
reverence for sweet womanhood which their fathers regarded as 
an unwritten law, and hesitate to tie up their lives (and liberty I) 
in a matrimonial alliance ? 

A secret which has for months been well kept in Bohemia has 
at last leaked out. It is that James Hamilton is studying for the 
stage. Mr. Hamilton's familiarity with acting and actors is not 
a matter of recent origin. He has shaken hands with and enter- 
tained every star that ever came to this coast. He will make his 
debut as Charles in She Stoops to Conquer. 

The Burlingame Club is getting on a "big ready" for its spring 
opening. The stock of horseflesh will be increased and more 
bungalows built. Mr. Crocker's purchase of six acres on the 
side-hill, and his design to build a thirty thousand dollar country 
house, hav j given the club a fresh start. 
* * * 

Henry Lund, the Swedish and Norwegian Consul, has just 
returned fromn a European tour, and last Tuesday evening related 
to the Geographical Society of the Pacific his efforts while in Co- 
penhagen to find the relics of the lost Jeannette expedition. 
These relics, after floating across the North Pole and down the 

coast of Greenland, werj picked up In lUfMn'a Hay and sent to Co- 
penhagen. At they were tangible evidence that the Polar Sea Ii not 
all Ice locked, and thai • current exists, running steadily from the 
Siberian coast to the North Atlantic, the Geographical Society has 
niado many efforts, and ipent money, trying to obtain them.' M r. 
Lund ascertained that tbey were tbrown away as worthless, 
years ago. and are somewhere in the dump-heaps near Copenha- 
gen, under tons of rpluse matter, and are Irrecoverable. Profes- 
sor Nordenskjold. in his specially-built ship. Is now on bis way 
to the spot where the Jrnnnrtu sank, hoping to get into this cur- 
rent and float with the Ice across the Pole, then out to the Atlan- 
tic, thus exploring the region where so many have failed. We 
wish success to tbe bold navigator. 


WHEN the proposition for holding a Pure Food Exposition in 
San Francisco was first presented to Mr. Wlllard B. 
Harrington, the well-known President of the Merchants' Clnb, 
for tbe purpose of securing his co-operation, it was only after 
careful consideration of the probabilities of success in so novel an 
enterprise, regarded from a local standpoint, tbat be gave his con- 
sent to lend his support to the Exposition. Food shows in other 
cities, with their accompanying lectures on cooking by lady ex- 
perts, such as Mrs. Mary J. Lincoln and others, had been extra- 
ordinary successes, but whether local merchants would be alive 
to the advantages which a Food Exposition offers for the intro- 
duction of goods, and whether tbe cooking fad bad made such 
headway in San Francisco as to attract ladies of the class which at 
the East is so greatly interested in this branch of household 
economy, were questions which could be solved only by actual 

The numerous elegant exhibits by local merchants and manu- 
facturers to be seen at the Pavilion this week; the large evening 
attendance; the afternoon crowds, composed of ladies represent- 
ing tbe substantial, well-to-do families of San Francisco tbat have 
listened to Mrs. Lincoln's lectures on cooking, and Mrs. Lee's 
instructions on table laying, show that Mr. Harrington and tbe 
enterprising merchants who have lent tbeir encouragement to the 
Exposition were correct in gauging public sentiment in San Fran- 
cisco. In short, it may be said that in the matter of Food Shows 
this city is " in the swim." 

Tbe displays at the Food Exposition on the opening night, 
Monday, were remarkably complete, considering the fact that 
exhibitors are proverbially slow in putting the finishing touches 
to their booths. Later in the week the exhibitors who had been 
tardy caught up with tbe procession, and while there are yet 
some notable displays to be completed, the appearance of the Pa- 
vilion, with its many attractive booths filled with all sorts of eat- 
ables, is very bright and showy. The evening crowds entertain 
themselves by visiting these and sampling the wares offered, 
listening to Cassasa's Band, and looking at the living pictures that 
are shown at short intervals. These pictures bave been arranged 
by Mr. Joseph Lord, a noted New York artist, whose services 
were secured especially for the Exposition. A new series will be 
presented each week. 

Mrs. Lincoln's lectures have proved an extraordinary success. 
Each day this week the management has been obliged to increase 
tbe seating capacity of the hall, so great have been the crowds, 
and from present appearances, this place will not be large enough 
to hold the ladies who desire to hear the talented lecturer. On 
the rear of the platform from which Mrs. Lincoln discourses is 
placed a range, upon which she cooks the dishes upon the day's 
programme. At the left are placed the table and other furni- 
ture necessary for culinary operations. Mrs. Lee's elegantly fur- 
nished dining-room, where this lady shows how to lay and adorn 
a table properly, is at Mrs. Lincoln's right. A different service is 
used at each lecture. This (Saturday) morning at 10:30 the 
teachers and young lady pupils at the Girl's High School and 
Normal School have been invited to a special lecture to be given 
by Mrs. Lincoln at that hour. 

The Grand Caflon Line !— To the East ! 

Commencing Nov. 4th the " Santa Fe Route " Popular Overland 
Excursions to Chicago and Eastern Cities will leave every Wednesday. 
Manager in Charge. Through Palace and Upholstered Tourist Sleep- 
ers are run to Chicago every dav. This is the only Line by which the 
Grand Canon of the Colorado River can be reacted. Send for illus- 
trated book giving full particulars. W. A. Bissell, G. P. A., 650 
Market street, Chronicle Building, San Francisco, Cal. 

There is only one thing that can be used as a safe-guard in this 
climate, which is likely to vary wonderfully in the course of a single 
day. as strangers sometimes learn to their cost and discomfort, and 
that is a glass of John F. Cutter Whisky. It stimulates the mind 
and keeps the body warm and comfortable. All connoisseurs use 
the J. F. Cutter Old Bourbon, and recommend it to all who wish 
for a high grade of whisky. E. Martin and Co., 408 Front street, are 
the agents. 

After dinner try Adams' Pepsin Tutti-Frutti Chewing Gum. You 
will find it admirable. 


February 2. 1895. 

r i&\SdltgWfliiD 

' We Obey no "Wand but Pleasure's."— Tom Moore, 

THE Orpbeum gives so delightful a performance from the be- 
ginning to the end of the year that it seems ungracious ever 
to make the slightest complaint. It is known that the manage- 
ment is enabled to secure vaudeville stars of so higb merit and 
costly salaries, and at the same time to charge so small a price of 
admission, only by reason of the fact that it has other theatres on 
the coast and that its contracts with expensive stars include their 
appearance at these other bouses. In no other way can famous 
European specialists be brought to San Francisco. Hence it 
seems more or less ungracious to criticise weak spots which ap- 
pear occasionally in the Orpbeum programme. But truth ha3 a 
value. No one can say that Miss Deming can sing or that she 
has any compensating graces. Nor is it possible to say of 
Messrs. Dailey and Jordan or Clancy and Weston that they are 
good Irish comedians. Performers like these can do much to in- 
jure the high reputation of the Orpbeum. But the others are 
wonderful. Zamora, the contortionist, is wholly unique in his 
tight-rope performance, doing the strangest and most daring 
things in the guise of Satan, and all the time keeping up a run- 
ning fire of wit and drollery, as though a mistake of the tenth of 
an inch would not give him a broken neck 1 The man has no 
bones at all, and how be got rid of them is a mystery. The Eddy 
family are "society acrobats" of the most original kind. The 
two men are society men because tbey wear full dress, and the 
woman and little girl are society folk because— because they are 
so nimble-legged I Their agility is marvelous and its manifesta- 
tions new and daring. The little girl takes one's breath away. 
Bunth, Rudd, and Flakey {one does not know which is which) 
give the drollest of all possible acts. Their grotesqueries and 
whimsicalities have brains behind them. One of them does 
delirious things on stilts, and another gives an excruciatingly 
funny imitation of Herrmann's prestidigitation. Whenever, 
after showing a brilliant trick, he leaves the stage, his blundering 
assistant attempts it and exposes it most ludicrously. 

Robertson and Stewart's comic opera, His Majesty, which was 
introduced to San Francisco by amateurs at the Grand Opera 
House two years ago, has enjoyed a successful run at the Tivoti 
this week. The librettist and composer have added some clever 
lines and good music since its initial performance, and in the 
able hands of the Tivoli people it is one of the most creditable 
pieces of mirth and melody that has ever been produced at that 
house. To a reader of those delightful little Sabbath services of 
Peter Robertson's, which are given in the Sunday Chronicle, there 
can be no doubt as to the author of the book. Each line sparkles 
with that dainty quaintness and originality of humor that have 
endeared us to the "Oracle" and the "Seedy Man." There is no 
effort for the bilious epigram, nor is the gag inoculated in dis- 
mal quantities; but from the first rise of the curtain until the last 
act there is a flow of fun that makes one leave the Tivoli with a 
lighter heart and less serious thoughts on things in general — par- 
ticularly comic operas. Mr. Stewart's music is written in a pleas- 
ing vein. While it has not that quality of indefinable rythm that 
will prove contagious to the small boy's whistle, it is bright and 
tuneful. The company does admirable work throughout. Fer- 
ris Hartman is well cast as King Cadenza, and like most Caden- 
zas, is ad lib. He thoughtfully separates bis topical business 
from opera proper by mounting a ladder. John J. Raffael acts 
and sings the disguised prince charmingly. As the Queen and 
Princess, Miss Oaillard and Miss Salinger both make a hit; but 
it seems almost malicious in Mr. Robertson to make Miss Gaillard 
weep because Miss Salinger has grown so thin. Gracie Plaisted 
makes an amusing prima donna. Bis Majesty is a success; and 
it is distinctly a California production, too. 

Herrmann closes his engagement at the California this week. 
During the week he gave some new mysteries, which were fully 
as interesting, spectacular, and mystifying as those of last week. 
However effective bis elaborate mysteries, they cannot be re- 
garded by his old admirers as being nearly so entertaining as 
those marvelous little hand tricks that display his extraordinary 
deftness and grace. These mostly are old, but never stale. To 
see him take a canary, throw it petulently to the floor and crush 
it with his foot, then pull it alive and chirping from the calf of 
his leg, and then tear it in two and show a pair of happy birds — 
wbat could be more delightful than this and a hundred others 
equally as clever? His accomplished wife is a charming dancer, the 
unique use of two colored calcium lights being most effective. The 
management of the California has been particularly happy re- 
cently in securing high-class entertainers, Sadie Martinot, Lottie 
Collins, and Herrmann especially being incomparable in their va- 
rious ways. 

A most enjoyable and largely attended concert was the opening 
of the sixth season of the Carr-Beel Pop at Golden Gate Hall last 
Saturday. The most interesting feature of the programme was 
the new string quartette by Dvorak. This work will stand a 
unique gem in chamber music; whileit follows the form of classic 
quartettes it abounds in startling effects and melodies that might 
be termed " catchy." The quartette for piano and striDgs, by 
Rbeinberger, was an agreeable number. Both were artistically 
rendered and were received with delight. Mr. Algernon Asp- 
land has the making of a good singer. In the meantime he should 
indulge in fewer concert performances and more study. Tne 
piano playing of Miss Ina Griffin was a feature of special interest. 
Five years ago, when Miss Griffin left California to pursue her 
studies in Europe, she had given such sure promise of power that 
the musical public was not a little curious to learn to wbat de- 
gree she had realized their expectations. The three numbers pre- 
sented for her initial performance on Saturday demonstrated in- 
dubitably the breadth of her development and the extent of her 
achievement. Her playing displayed a purity and fullness of 
tone, an emotional poise, and a mastery of technical difficulties. 
The extent of her range was indicated in the easy gradation of 
her numbers, in which she realized with equal fidelity the light- 
ness and delicacy of the Scarlatti sonata and tbe tender melan- 
choly of the Intermezzo of Brahms, expanding freely into the 
strength and dash of tbe Schopin Tarantella. Her work is every- 
where marked by a sincerity, an honesty of purpose, refreshingly 
welcome in an atmosphere where effect is king. Uniting, as she 
does, a fine musical equipment with the endowment of a charm- 
ing personality, Miss Griffin is regarded as a telling addition to- 
the numbers of Western artists. 

• « * 

Tbe Macdonough Theatre, in Oakland, has been recently doing 
a splendid business with some of the finest attractions that have 
visited the coast. Tbe management is alert and intelligent, and 
the good people of Oakland have learned that they are always 
sure of seeing a high-class entertainment at their favorite resort. 

Frederick Warde and Louis James will commence their last en- 
gagement together at the Baldwin Theatre on Monday night with 
their production of Julius Caesar. This event has been heralded 
for some months, and tbe anticipations of the public are alert. 
Beside tbe standard plays of their repertory which the public 
have seen for the past two seasons, the tragedians will present 
their latest success, a revival of Shakespeare's historical comedy, 
King Henry IV. Poetically it is superior to many of the bard's 
better-known dramatic writings, and dramatically it is very 
strong. The comedy and tragedy interests are almost equally 
divided, and while the auditor is at one moment convulsed with 
laughter at the keen satire and witticisms of Fatstaff, be is tbe 
next moment lost in admiration of the charming sentiment of 
tbe play. 

Tbe engagement will commence with the production of Julius 
Caesar, which is so popular here. The attractiveness this season 
is increased by tbe fact that Mr. Warde will be seen as Cains 
Cassius, instead of Marc Antony, with which be has hitherto 
been identified. Mr. James will repeat bis dignified and impres- 
sive performance of Brutus, and Mr. Guy Lindsley will make 
bis first appearance as tbe heroic Marc Antony. Miss Edytbe 
Chapman will be tbe Calphurnia, and Miss Florence Everett 
Portia. Julius Caesar will be presented on Monday and Wednes- 
day evenings, and King Henry IV. tbe rest of tbe week, with the 
exception of Saturday night, when Othello will be seen. 

* * * 

Herrmann ends his engagement at tbe California Theatre next 
week. He has prepared for tbe occasion a new programme of 
perhaps his greatest and most startling feats, showing that "the 
last is the best of all the game." He will produce new exploits 
from his own deft fingers and introduce his masterpieces, "The 
Escape From Sing Sing," a thrilling sensation taken from the 
real escape of two prisoners; bis new spirit seance, in which he 
will introduce tbe celebrated Madame Blavatsky's cabinet; the 
Oriental illusion of "The Caliph of Bagdad," and others. Madame 
Herrmann will also introduce several new and beautiful dance 
creations. Matinees will be given on Wednesday and Saturday. 

* » • 

The California Theatre's next attraction after Professor Herr- 
mann will be A Night At The Circus, a farce-comedy, in which 
Nellie McHenry, the soubrette, is tbe chief figure. There is a 
great deal of catchy music, excellent songs, and color and life in 
this farce. The company presenting it has been generally cred- 
ited with being one of exceptional skill in fun making. Miss 
McHenry is not an unknown quantity at producing laughter. 
She has probably appeared more continuously in farce-comedy 
than any other actress in America. A Night At The Circus hinges 
upon the characters and situations similar to those of the circus. 
The part assumed by Miss McHenry is that of Mile. Electra, tbe 
circus equestrienne. Tbe interior of the dressing tent of a circus 
Is shown in the last act. It is fall of novelty and life, and hearty 

February 2, IS95. 



Jacobowsttft brUhl little comic opvrm in two set*. Pnoia, will 
be tbe bill at the Tivolt next week, with the following cut: &*• 
polo. perforce t»tlor »od bandit. Kerrta Hartman: Luclen Caroll, 
a candidate for remletia honors, Jobn R*ff*el : 1'nrl* Hragg»do- 
cio. George Oloil; Oriffo, • rullian, Pbll Branson: Oruello. John 
P, Wilson; Brnno. Ed Torpi; liujtllenio. Fred Karanauph; Pt> 
ola. daughter of Braggadocio. Bella Thome: Cbilna, QrMdi 
Piaisted; Margarinr, mother of I.ucien, Alice <ialllard: Martino, 
sailor, Alice Neilsen; Officer, Belle Emmelt. The story of tbe 
opera is founded upon an old l'or»ican vendetta which bad ex* 
Isted between tbe families Baroni and Carol! for abont fourteen 
hundred years. Tbe endeavors of Sapolo to evade carrying out 
tbe law of tbe vendetta by killing or being killed by bis friend 
Lucien bring about a series of amusing incidents, which are 
finally set to rights by Braggadocio proclaiming himself to be 
Bapolo's father, consequently tbe head of the Baroni and execu- 
tor of tbe vendetta, which ceases with tbe marriage of Lucien 
and Paola. 

• « • 

Tbe Orpheum has a specially fine list of attractions for next 
week. Beginning Monday evening, Miss Ena Bert nidi, who 
made a great fame in feats of equilibrium and band balancing, 
and who is announced as "the boneless girl,*' wilt display her ex- 
traordinary skill. Another attraction will be Miss Hilda Thomas, 
vocalist and comedienne, assisted by Frank Barry. She and Mr. 
Barry appear in a bright musical comedietta, in which Miss 
Thomas sings many of the songs which have made her famous. 
In addition, she gives some delightfully amusing imitations. This 
accomplished young woman has appeared with Frank Daniels in 
Little Puck, and has been a leading spirit in such plays as A Trip 
to Chinatown, Evangeline, Spider and Fly, and numerous other such 
plays. The Eddy family will remain another week, and Galetto 
will exhibit his comical trained monkeys. 
» • * 

Miss Wood's farewell concert, previous to her departure for 
Europe, will given be next Tuesday evening at Golden Gate Hall. 
Bbe will be assisted by Miss Weigel, Mr. J. H. Roaewald, Mr. Al- 
bert Keesing, and the Plymouth Quartette. It is unnecessary to 
say that a fine treat is in store for music-lovers. 

# « # 

The Philharmonic Society, under the direction of Mr. Theodor 
Vogt and assisted by Miss Rose Adler, soprano, will give a con- 
cert at Odd Fellows' Hall next Wednesday evening. 

* * * 

At next Saturday's Carr-Beel concert Mr. Beel will play a solo. 
Mrs. Olive Reed Batchelder will be the vocalist. Beethoven's trio 
for strings and flate will be given. 

* * * 

The Gaiety Girl is an unusually good burlesque, full of good- 
natured satire on law, medicine, the army, the navy, society, and 

any number of things, and it has made a pronounced hit. 

Maiie Burroughs, one of the most accomplished actresses on tbe 
American stage, is starring in a new play by Pinero, called The 
Profligate, and is also appearing in Judah, the piece in which she 
made her appearance with so great a success when she was with 
Willard. She will appear in this play before long at the Baldwin. 


IT is Btrongly probable that Lady Ulancarty, who has been com- 
pelled to resume the profession in which she shone when she 
made a conquest and then a husband of Lord Dunlo, will visit San 
Francisco this year. The London correspondent of the Chicago 
Vanity Fair writes as follows of this fascinating young woman 
as she was ten years ago: 

"The appearance of 'Gunner' Bilton's daughter created, iu 
London, just about tbe same kind of sensation as did that of 
Pauline Markham when she first took the town of Gotham by 
storm. Both were magnificent women, but the London girl's 
was the more striking and chic style of beauty. The Oxford was 
tbe hall she chose for her debut, because she and Flo Bilton knew 
tbe manager slightly. There was tbe usual assemblage present, 
composed of men around town, respectable tradesmen who 
wanted a night's frolic, with a sprinkling of city clerks from 
Leadenhall and Bouverie streets. Her singing did not take at all, 
but when she commenced to dance the audience rose up and 
cheered her. She was distinctly original, fascinating, and superbly 
figured. Her neck was very gracefully curved and supported a 
small head iu which twinkled a pair of large blue mischievous 
eyes. She had a fashion of glancing from under her long, dark 
eyelashes, fixed for the occasion, no doubt, aa she is a pronounced 
blonde, that nearly drove some of the more susceptible young- 
sters wild with delight. The most perfect piece of modeling about 
her, from a sculptor's standpoint, is her ankle, which she has 
never been particularly chary of displaying. She is said to be ac- 
companied, I understand, on her trip to America, by the Mar- 
chioness of Aylesbury, and if ' Dollie Tester ' can be induced to 
favor you with some of the terpsichorean exhibitions with which 
she has erstwhile amused several households of Great Britain's 
aristocracy in private, the two will constitute a team which it 
will be worth putting up a good price to see." 

TH 1. February number of the TVntWrr, a monthly paper pub- 
lished In this city by K. KoD. JoboatODt lod W. V. Bryan, 
la one of the hamlsnmeftt producta of tbe pen and preaa ever 
Issued in this city. A particularly artistic feature Is the frontis- 
piece illustration, done In colors with half-tone blocks. 







ft Fair. 


The Best. 


Al Hayman A Co. (Incorporated) Proprietors 

8. H. Friedlander Manager 

Commencing Monday, February 4th. Every evening, including Sunday. 
Regular matinee Saturday. Extra special matinee Wednesday at 2 p, M. 

Tnird and final week of wonderful success. Conclusion of Sau Fran- 
cisco's Carnival season of Magic, Mirth, and Mystery. Complete change of 
bill. A va-t repertoire of illusions and feats of mystery. A memorable 
visit to magic laud. An endless array of mystic novelties. 

The Napoleon of Necromancers, THE GREAT 
In another bewildering programme. Madame Herrmann's new dances— 
"La Blanche," "La Serpent,'' "The Butterfly," etc. 

Monday, February 11th— NELLIE ZtlcHENUY. 


O'Farrell St., between Stockton and Powell Sts. 
San Francisco's Great Music Hall. 
Week commencing Monday, February 4th — 


MISS ENA BERTOLDI, the celebrated boneless girl; MISS HILDA 
THOMAS, the famous character vocalist and comedienne, assisted by the 
accomplished musical director, MR. FRANK BARRY; CONWAY & LE- 
LAND, acrobatic sensational monopedes; DOLAN & LENHARR, travesty 
and character artists; SCANLO ,M &. KILROY, Irish comedians; HICKEY & 
COLE, burlesque aerialists; GALET1E with his trained comical monkeyB, 
and last week of the famous EDDY FAMILY. 

MATINEE PRICES— Parquet, any part, 26c; balcony, any part, 10c; 
children, 10c, any seat. EVENING PRICES— Reserved seats, 25c. ; balcony 
10c, ; opera chairs and box seats, 50c . Saturday and Sunday matinees. 


Al Hayman & Co. (Incorporated) Proprietors. 

Beginning Monday, February 4th— Two weeks. Farewell visit of 

Frederick Louis 


and their celebrated company in a series of brilliant revivals. Monday 

and Wednesday evenings, JULIUS C/ESAR Tuesday, Wednesday, Friday 

es»euiQgs, and Saturday matinee, HENRY1V.; Saturday night, OTHELLO. 

Mouday, Kebruarv 11th— Second and last week of Warde & James— 


Mrs. Ernestine Keeling Proprietor and Manager- 

To night Last two nights of Robertson & Stewart's successful opera, 

Monday, February 4th- 



.26 and 50o 

I I! 1 IAN RFnnARn The En K li8D actress, coaches ladies and 
LILLIHI1 ULUUnfiUf gentlemen for the dramatic profession; ap- 
pearances arranged. SHAKESPEAREAN ACADEMY, 1017 Ellis St., 
Sen Francisco, Cal. 


Bicycle Tournament and Cycle Show. 


Great racing by the crack riders of 
America. $3000 in princely prizes. 
$200 tolid silver cut for club race. Close 
and exciting finishes. Don't miss it. 
"Out of sight." 



February 2, 1895. 

' | /HE sun was shining gloriously amid the little white clouds 

l__J floating on the dark blue of the African sky. A spirit of 

joy and festivity pervaded the Europeans as well as the 

1 Arabs, for it was the Fete of Bairam, which closes the forty 
days called " Rhom Dam," and before the great chief, be- 
fore the brilliant eyes of the French women, the sons of the desert 
were going to " make their powder speak" from tbe backs of 
their famous coursers. Oh I the magic spectacle it is, ever new 
though often witnessed. 

The scene was an immense square shaded by eucalyptus, 
bounded in a half circle by verdant mountains, at the foot of 
which a throng of Arabs in their white burnouses, their bronzed 
faces and glittering eyes now fixed upon the beautiful women in 
admiration, who appeared in elegant toilettes as spectators of the 
scene. At the foot of the tribune — the seat of honor — was seated 
on horseback the great chief Bou-Medfa, the richest, most power- 
ful, and most despotic of all tbe chiefs. His burnous was of tbe 
finest white wool, heavily embroidered in silk of the same color; 
this was covered by a garment of camel's hair of dusky black. 
The cordon of the Legion of Honor hung from his breast; the 
saddle npon which he sat was of red velvet embroidered in gold, 
silver, and precious stones; stirrups and spurs of massive silver 
completed the trappingB of his magnificent steed, which be 
managed with rare perfection and skill. At his side rode his two 
sons, heirs of his bravery and wealth. Afar were the numerous 
tribes ready to respond to his lightest call. 

Notwithstanding, however, this brilliant manifestation of his 
power, in spite of his feelings of pride on beholding his sons — 
noble scions of bis race — in the midst of all, the great chief was 
gloomy. Why? Ah! because among all the women there, shin- 
ing in youth and beauty, there wsb one who for a long time past 
had thrilled his very being with a sense of her presence. 

This great chief, Bou-Medfa, was no longer a young man, but 
under the ardent sun in the midst of this rich natnre, leading a 
life at once temperate and active, tbe man bad preserved all his 
forces, and he had but to make a sign, to express a desire, for 
fathers to bring their loveliest daughters before him. He had en- 
countered, however, one cruel beauty— a Frenchwoman, a Chris- 
tian. But how beautiful she was! Tall and well-developed, that 
great charm to an Arab, with golden hair, and lovely bine eyes 
which darkened with emotion and softened with indescribable 
,( morbidezza," and a dimpled chin, she was radiant in her loveli- 
ness. For a time the wild passion of the great chief amused her, 
but there came a period when she repulsed him as though he 
were the lowest creature in his tribe. She was the wife of an ad- 
ministrator, and was often tbe recipient of the great chief's splen- 
did hospitality when she accompanied her husband on horseback 
in his toars over mountains and valleys in making his official 
visits. Upon her return to camp from one of these long rides she 
would recline upon a pile of gorgeously embroidered cushions glit- 
tering with gold and silver, the chief stretched at her feet, pour- 
ing forth his admiration, his eyes aflame with a love to which she 
ever replied, «« No. 1 ' She was very proud, nevertheless, of hold- 
ing captive at her feet this lion, whom she could control like a 
lamb — this still handsome man whose feats of bravery and con- 
quest were the theme of the populace around her from morn till 

One day the Lion had a terrible awakening. The unsatisfied 
man revolted. The old chief comprehended that she was playing 
with his love and was always eluding his pursuit. He attempted 
to take by force what was refused to pleading. She bounded to- 
wards him, and, raising her riding whip in her tiny hand, she 
lashed it across his face! He! the illustrious cousin of the Pro- 
phet! Bou-Medfa! This bloodly humiliation, inflicted upon his 
love and pride, worked a complete transformation within him. 
From that day a violent but secret hatred took the place of his 
former adoration. With his feet in his stirrups, the haughty chief 
sat facing the tribune, where all the authorities were congregated, 
and surveyed the movements of his » ghoms." No one seeing his 
calm, cold impassiveness of expression would have suspected the 
anguish raging in his soul as he gazed at tbe beautiful charmer 
who had so cruelly wounded, so fatally offended him. 

Never had a fete been more gay, more exciting, or more brilliant. 

The M'zabites, of small stature but vigorous build, habited in a 
short " gandora," caught in at tbe waist by a belt, from which 
hung the bag containing the powder, brandished their arms and 
rushed towards tbe tribune, uttering their war cry; then in a 
running gallop they discharged their guns as they rode by with- 
out drawing rein, while the mountains echoed and re-echoed the 
report. Then turning, they reloaded, and without halting re- 
peated tbe movement. Tbe cavalry, which up to this time had 
been at the other end of the square, now advanced in groups of 
three and four, and in a furious run passed the tribune, throwing 
their guns into the air, and, catching them, again discharged them 
as they swept by amid tbe enthusiastic applause of the spectators 
of this wonderful feat. 

The volleys of musketry had ceased, a profound stillness ensued. 
Then the ghoms began to file past the high functionaries in tbe 
tribune. It was truly a thrilling and a graud sight. At the head 
the tricolor of France and the green banner, fringed with gold, of 
the Prophet, borne by the soldiers who were deemed most worthy 
of tbe honor, preceded by a band of Arabian musicians playing 
flutes and tambourines; then splendid negroes dancing till out of 
breath, whilst others chanted the praises of tbe great chief, the 
ally and the friend of France. Then at length, surrounded by a 
glittering staff, came tbe great Bou-Medfa himself, accompanied 
by his sons, all bending before the officials in the tribune and 
making tbe salutation of tbeir country, placing their hands first 
on tbeir hearts and then on tbeir lips. 

Ah I if the fair blonde beauty who bad lashed his face with her 
whip could have seen the sinister glance he gave her in passing, 
she would have trembled, courageous as she wasl 

After making the low obeisance and salute, he returned to his 
former place in the center, facing the tribune, his sons by his side. 
As each group of cavalry passed with their white and gold em- 
broidered burnouses floating in the wind, the detonation of tbeir 
guns rang out and the enthusiasm of the crowd increased. 

Little by little tbe goumB massed around their chief. Then a 
general discharge of firearms awoke the mountain ecboes. Al- 
most at the same instant a piercing cry was heard. All eyes were 
directed to the tribune, where a woman was seen to fall, struck 
by a ball. It was the beautiful blonde, the wife of the adminis- 
trator. He, crazy with grief, reached her side only in time to 
close her eyes. 

Who bad sent the ball ? Whence had it come ? No one ever 
knew. Tbe Arab riflemen and tbe M'zabites were carefully ex- 
amined by tbe gendarmes, who, according to usage, guarded the 
Arab fetes. In tbe midst of the tumult occasioned by tbe sad 
catastrophe, an attentive ear might have caught these words, 
murmured by the great chief: 

«< Woman flies from a white beard as a sheep from a jackal. O 
Christian woman, the injury sustained by me could be effaced 
only by thy blood I It is written ! Allah made thee too beautiful 
and pitiless to my sufferings, but from this time henceforth no 
man shall possess thee on this earth." 

From that day no one ever saw tbe Chief Bou-Medfa mingle 
with any gay pleasures at any fete. He never quitted his tent, 
and died shortly after, hoping, no doubt, to And among tbehouris 
of Mahomet's paradise she whom on earth he could never possess. 

Translated for the News Letter from the French of Yamina, 

Perrier-Jouet & Co. 


For sale by all first-class Wine Merchants and Grocers. 
W. B. CHAPMAN, Sole Agent for Pacific Coast, 

128 California Street. 

I irv 2. 1895. 



SmcH a well known acciely girl took tbe Initiative In formally 
announcing her engagement at a lea, it is wondered which of 
Ibe many Miss <:oad will select to make known to the fashiona- 
ble world that of hers to Nick Kittle. 
■ • • 
Harry Holbrook has transferred bis attentions to tbe Judge's 
charming daughter. How well she Is named, notwithstanding tbe 
somewhat shabby treatment she received at tbe time of berd< hut 
by a few of tbe fall-blown roses! When she appeared on tbe 
horizon of society she fonnd far too many rivals to be popular; 
bat. flanked on one side by masculine admirers, on tbe other by 
beauty and talent, she has more than held her own. Now no 
■■social function" seems to be a success without her assistance. 

* • • 

Since Mrs. Breeze has begun to check off men from her list who 
fail to call after being entertained, it is hoped that more women 
will follow her excellent example. In this era of political sweep- 
ing, society might also reap a benefit and score some points. It 
takes a person with a broad mind, strong character, and charm- 
ing personality to lead where others are content to follow. 
» » • 

It seems as if San Francisco is roost fascinating, after all, to 
have so many well-known people cross the Rockies and paint 
her portrait. Aside from tbe artists of the footlights and sparring 
rings, she proved herself a charmer to tbe much-read Kndyard 
Kipling, and now comes the pulpit to extol her to tbe skies 1 So- 
cially, Mr. Haweishasnot been lionized; that is a blow to van- 
ity. That bis seats were not always rushed for, be regrets, and 
that our papers have been keen in their criticism, he deplores. 
That his mission oat here was to elevate oar tastes for musical 
expression, rhythm, and appreciation is boshf He and Mrs. 
Yale would drive well in tandem. Tbe only question would be, 
Which one would be best fitted as a leader? Mrs. Yale, no doubt, 
for tbe harness of her tour was belter gilded. This reverend 
gentleman gave an interviewer, when asked his opinion on cer- 
tain musical questions, the suave answer thatin his work on Mu- 
sic and Morals he bad argued tbe question at length and declined 
to repeat himself in print, perhaps fearing it might lessen the 
sale of his book. That his mission was not one of charity or re- 
form, but one for dollars, was told conclusively. 

* * # 

It is about time hostesses with daughters resent tbe treatment 
given by men who by association and education should know bet- 
ter. When hospitable doors are thrown open for the eniertain- 
ment of guests, all that is required of tbe masculine element is to 
do tbeir duty or remain away. It has been tbe general complaint 
this winter that tbe men line the walls like so many statues, or 
else comfortably seat themselves away from the dancing-rooms 
and selfishly indulge in continual smoking, while the girls are 
left partnerless daring the evening. Often has been heard the 
remark, "We have entertained him at the theatres and at dinners, 
yet be never asks me to dance!" As for calls, they never think 
of making tbem or returning any social obligations. If these 
offending hangers-on were stricken from the lists it might possi- 
bly be the means of lessening the social boors and having more 
gentlemen as guests and partners. 
» » » 

If the painfully thin one of the two recently married sisters 
would only take the precaution to cover her bones with chiffon 
or tulle in the evening, it might keep her men friends from shiv- 
ering when they gaze upon her. 

* * * 

Now that Dr. Philip King Brown has taken his departure for 
Europe, where he will pursue a hospital coarse in Vienna and 
Paris, will the belle with the cynical smile be as deeply interested 
in other emergency lectures and hospital work as before? 
* » » 

The charming aubnrn-treased heiress of Van Ness avenae seems 
to have a partiality for the name of Ed. However, tbe portly 
cotillion leader has not been " in it" lately, the other Ed. hav- 
ing apparently got the inside track. Friendly dinners are power- 
ful adjuncts to help that sort of thing along. 

* * * 

The delightful weather the end of laat week enabled Major 
Kathbone to indulge his niece, who is here on a visit from Wash- 
ington, with a trip to Borlingame, which was enjoyed by a merry 
party of friends, who also partook of Mrs, and Miss Flood's hos- 
pitality at their Menlo Park residence. 

* * » 

The San Mateo friends of Mr. Henry P. Bowie will regret to 
learn that, according to recent advices received from him, Japan 
has proved so interesting a place that he has decided to make a 
lengthened stay there. 

Rnmor from tbe Kaat baa It that Porter Ache Is ambltlout of 
again running In double barneia {to use hi* favorite vcrnaculan, 
and having found a filly that I* warranted aotind. gentle, and not 
likely to fly the truck, he will probably become the owner. Tbe 
jovial Porter bfmaelf ii a dllUcnlt cbap to handle, say bli lady 
friends and his great tendency to bolt la a sad barto tbe stability 
of tbe doable harness proposition. 

• ■ • 

What has become of the tall blonde wltb tbe hyphenated name 
and strongly British leanings? la a frequent query among capital- 
ists and clubmen who have not been very constant in their atten- 
tions; and therefore found tbe vacant place— often alluded to In 
poetry as nut easily filled. 

• • • 

Some of tbe more ancient girls of the swim are quite troubled 
over the whisper going round to the effect that Win Jones is 
meditating a trip up the Nile. Henry Hedington having sent word 
back that making love to the Egyptians is " way up." Those 
dusky beauties are so accustomed to fossil remains this old-time 
beau will seem like a kid to tbem, no doubt. So Win may hie 
him thither. 

A Pacific avenue belle is authority for the information to the 
girls that Walter Dean bas changed his base from tbe elder sister 
to the next youngest one; but as she remarked, » No matter 
which it is, so long as it is all in tbe family." 

• * * 

It would be difficult to find a brighter, snappier trio of women 
than Mrs. Charles Detrick, Miss McKinstry, and Miss Collier, as 
they fairly bubbled over with merriment at the Bouvier gather- 
ing last week. 

Don't fail to chew Adams' Pepsin Tutti-Frutti Chewing Gum after 
meals. Indigestion fades before it. 

\£ AI1 £j IAIN 




Without Exception the Finest 

Gin Imported, and Especially 

Adapted for family Use and 

Medicinal Purposes. 
For sale by the Leading 

Grocers and Wine Merchants. 

Sole Agents, 314 Sacramento St, S. F. 

Eureka Garden Hose. 


Goodyear Rubber Co., 

R. H. Pease, Vice-President and Manager. 
577-579 Market St., S. F. 73-75 First St., Portland, Or. 



February 2, 1895. 

Tqe Coqstitutior) 

Its Coqstruction, 

/} Foreigner's The amendment to tbe Constitution of the State 
Rights of California dealine with the rights of non- 

in California, resident aliens has been accepted literally by 
foreign capitalists, and, while much money has 
been withheld which would have been invested here, many mil- 
lions in gold have been recalled within the past sixty days. That 
the bearing of the taw has been misconstrued, causing an unneces- 
sary alarm, is clearly shown in tbe following able opinion, written 
for the News Letter by Mr. A. H. Ricfcetts, one of the beat con- 
stitutional lawyers in tbe State and an authority on laws govern- 
ing corporations, in wbich be says: 

" Under the common law an alien can acquire title to real 
property by purchase and bold the same until office found; that 
is, • until an official determination of the|matter by tbe Govern- 
ment upon an inquisition bad for that purpose ;' therefore an alien 
can have no rights as to real property except such as are deter- 
mined by tbe 8tate. Section 17, Article 1, of the State Constitu- 
tion of 1879, as ratified at the recent election, reads as follows: 
< Foreigners of the white race or of African descent, eligible to be- 
come citizens of the United States under the naturalization laws 
thereof, while bona fide residents of the State shall have the same 
rigbtB in respect to the acquisition, possession, enjoyment, trans- 
mission, and inheritance of all property other than real estate, as 
native born citizens; provided, that such aliens owning real es- 
tate at the time of the adoption of this amendment may remain 
such owners; provided, further, that the Legislature may by 
statute provide for the disposition of real estate which shall here- 
after be acquired by such aliens by descent or devise.' The par- 
ticular question made is whether this clause restores tbe common 
law disability of non-resident aliens as to the acquisition of real 
property within the Btate. Or. in other words, is the amendment 
a restriction upon thepowerof the Legislature for extending other 
rights to non-resident foreigners, or does it simply restrict the 
classes named to rights specified in that amendment ? 
$ $ $ 
" The rule in construing a State Constitution 
is that a State Legislature may exercise all 
rightful legislative powers not expressly pro- 
hibited or necessarily included in the pro- 
hibited powers. The amendment under consideration restricts 
the rights of bona fide resident foreigners as to their acquisition of 
real property, but contains no restrictions as to the power of the 
Legislature to confer other rights upon non-resident foreigners. 
The State Constitution of 1849, as amended November 4, 1856, and 
September 3, 18G2, provided : Article 1, Section 17. 'Foreigners who 
are, or who may hereafter become, bona fide residents of this State, 
shall enjoy the same rights in respect to the possession, enjoy- 
ment, and inheritance of property as natural born citizens.' The 
same section in the Constitution of 1879 qualifies the rights of 
foreign residents with respect to property by limiting the pro- 
visions to foreigners of tbe white or African race eligible to be- 
come citizens. This section, before its amendment, read: 'For- 
eigners of the white race or of African descent, eligible to become 
citizens of tbe United States under tbe naturalization laws thereof, 
while bona fide residents of this State shall have the same right in 
respect to the acquisition, possession, or enjoyment, transmission, 
and inheritance of property as native-born citizens.' Section 671 
of the Civil Code, taking effect July 1, 1874, removed tbe disabil- 
ity of aliens to hold and dispose of lands within this State, thus : 
•Any person, whether a citizen or alien, may take, hold, and dis- 
pose of property, real or personal, within this State.' 
$ $ $ 
•In the case of State v. Smith (70Cal., 153), the 
8opreme Court of this State held that tbe Con- 
stitution (Art. 1, Sec. 17) prohibits the Legisla- 
ture from depriving resident foreigners of any 
of the rights enjoyed by natural-born citizens with respect to tbe 
acquisition, possession, enjoyment, transmission, or inheritance 
of property, and t icre is no provision of the Constitution which 
prohibits the Legislature from conferring the same rights upon 
thoBe born in foreign countries who have never been residents of 
the State, and that the Legislature had power to provide by Sec. 
67i of the Civil Code for tbe succession to properly by foreigners 
who never have been residents. That section provides a rule with 
respect to property within the State, and confers a rig"ht to be en- 
joyed within its jurisdiction. In Lyons v. State (67 Gal., 380) the 
Supreme Court of this State said : 'It is next claimed that under 
Sec. 17 of Art. 1 of the Constitution of this State, only those 
foreigners who are bona fide residents of this State can inherit 
property here, and that all provisions of tbe Codes which give tbe 
right to inherit to foreigners who are not bona fide residents are 
inconsistent with tbe provisions of that section, and are repealed 
by Sec. 1 of Art. 22 of the Constitution. A sufficient answer to 
this is found in the fact that in well-considered cases tbe court 
held otherwise, and we are satisfied with these decisions.' (People 
v. Rogers, 13 Cal., 159.) 

Property Rights 


lr\ the State, 

Mow the Prouisioqs 

of the Code 
Pfaue Been Modified. 

Tqe Priuilege "In that case, on page 1G5, Mr. Justice Baldwin, 
Caqqot in delivering the opinion of the Court, said: 'The 

Be Abridged. Legislature could not indeed abridge this privi- 
lege, but it was not disabled from extending or 
adding other privileges.' (See also Carrasco v. State, 67 Cal., 385, 
and Purczell v. Smidt, 21 Iowa, 540.) It is therefore very plain 
that the Legislature may confer any rights upon uon-resident 
aliens or foreigners irrespective of the restrictions upon bona 
fide resident aliens within the State, under the Constitution, and 
it is hardly possible to suppose that the amendment under con- 
sideration omitted to make express provisions concerning the 
rights of non-resident aliens if it was intended to include them. 
The rule is well settled that Constitutional prohibitions are not 
enlarged by construction beyond these terms, and a State Legis- 
lature may do everything which the State Constitution does not 
prohibit. It does not prohibit the conferring of rights upon non- 
resident aliens or foreigners. It is now as silent as it has been 
since 1849, upon the subject of non-resident foreigners, and it 
must be conceded that without statutory enactment non-resident 
foreigners would at all times in this State have vested under tbe 
common law disability incident to alienage. 
S $ $ 
" But section 671 of the Civil Code, con- 
ferring upon all persons the right to take, 
hold, and dispose of property, real and 
personal, is only repealed by the Con- 
stitutional amendment so far as bona fide alien residents acquiring 
real property are concerned, leaving the remainder of the section 
as construed by the Supreme Court of this State in full force and 
effect as to non-resident foreigners. The intention of the framers 
of the Constitutional amendment under consideration, if they had 
any intention whatever, must have been to inhibit bona fide 
alien residents from acquiring real property in order to apply the 
lash to them and induce them the sooner to become citizens of 
the State, thus relegating the rights of non-resident foreigners to 
the statutory provisions." 

New York Mulcahy, Townsend & Co., financial brokers, say : 
Markets '-Another week of dullness has characterized the 

/fre Dull, the New York Stock Market. The expectation re- 
garding Congressional action in financial matters 
has absorbed the interests of speculators. The President's views 
regarding tbe gold reserve were not at all pleasing to the street. 
At this writing it looks almost sure another bond issue will be 
made for an amount larger than the former issue. Tbe heavy 
shipments of gold continue with no signs of abatement. The 
fioancial condition of the United States is becoming somewhat 
alarming. A relief of some kind must soon come to stay the 
downward path, The fact that foreigners are selling out their 
American railway and other security holdings and drawing down 
tbeir balances is one cause of so much gold going abroad. It may 
not be the real cause for all of its departure, but it has the effect 
in amounts. The railways are the predominating interests of 
America. When their securities continue to show depression, why 
should commodities be held up? The greatest problem to-day 
before America is the readjustment of its railway property. 
When these properties are brought down to a capitalization that 
is just and equal to tbe money expended (not watered), then for- 
eigners will be found willing to again interest themselves in these 
securities, and a flood of money will pour back in our direction, 
and will have the effect of relieving the depression that we are 
now going through. Until confidence in Wall street securities is 
again established, no material advance may be expected." 


Corr\stock The market on Pine street continues dull in spite of 
Mining the very best of news from Con. Virginia and 
Shares. other leading mines on tbe Comstock lode. It 
seems certain from all that can be learned from the 
most reliable sources that there are many months' dividends 
ahead in sight in Con. Cal. -Virginia. This does not seem to help 
tbe shares any and they are lower now than they have been at 
times when the prospects for ore looked very blue indeed. 
Ghollar is another mine wbich promises to be productive before 
long, and Norcross also looks more promising than it has done 
f ra long time. At the South-end Crown Point is reducing ex- 
penses by a bullion output, and the Alta mill is now running on 
a good quality of ore from the mine. Under such circumstances 
it would be natural to look for a higher range of prices, and there 
is certainly nothing to warrant any further depreciation, if there 
is room for it in any stocks without going out of sight altogether. 
The whole market should be a buy at present prices. 
$ % I 
A Hew The local insurance companies are still working free 
Compact from any arrangement, but the leading managers 
Promised, are in daily session) with a fair prospect for a new 
alliance wbich will put the business on a stronger 
footing than ever. Cutting in rates has been heavy during tbe 
week, but matters will soon right themselves in time. A. R. 
Gurrey resigned from tbe Western and the other companies he 
represented. H. M. Grant of tbe Northwestern, lately of Tacoma, 
takes his place. 

February 2, 1891. 

BAN Kl: \\< i-i ! BTTBR 


- » 


€=23 * «^ 

l x5> 


"H««r the Crier!" "What the devil art thou?" 
"One that will p!»t the devil. ii r . with too." 

AN enthusiastic scientist has asked. In a strain of anxiety: 
••Shall we fly like birds?" We can assure bim of tbis much : 
Sball we fly like birds ? Ah. yes, we shall fly 
When we see a grizzly is pasting by. 
We sball fly when the dog Is rushing onr way 
With bis bristles up and his teitb on display. 
We sball fly when the bull comes bellowing up 
And tosses in air our spotted pup. 
We sball fly in haste— yes. tly. ■■ bet your life "— 
When the pistol pops in the midst of strife; 
Bat nobow and nowbere are we told we will fly 
From this mundane sphere to the azure sky. 
When all is done, and we pass away, 
We may fly; yes, fly; but we cannot say 
Whether np or down ; with wings or how ; 
But we know that we cannot fly just now. 

THERE is another rupture of the gabbling boil— the parsons are 
striving to reach the broader intelligence of the city by emit- 
ting themselves through the daily papers on the subject of 
divorce. It is too much to expect of them that, themselvei lack- 
ing modesty, they should know the value of it in others. If they 
should instruct their female followers that personal immodesty 
on the part of wives is a leading cause of separation— that if 
wives should keep their husbands at a decent distance and retain 
for themselves that reasonable personal privacy which is every 
woman's right and duty — there would be less disgust on the part 
of husbands, less wearisomeness, less enterprising curiosity with 
regard to other women, and less of that familiarity which breeds 
contempt and which even the adroit femme de joie knows so well 
how to avoid. If these preachers, who are omnipotent with their 
female followers, permit a single one of them to do so indecent a 
thing as sleep continuously with her bu.-band he is driving the 
man into loose ways and the woman into the divorce court. 

THE McDonald case has developed another scandal — a fellow 
named Hurley is charged with having attempted to bribe a 
juror named Johnson in the interest of R. H. McDonald, Jr., who 
is on trial for embezzlement in the Pacific Bank looting case. 
There has always been a suspicion that a conspiracy exists either 
to drive McDonald into the insane asylum or the grave, or to con- 
vict him and then make terms with him as to the length of his 
sentence. For it is certain that whatever may have been his part 
in the wrecking of the bank, there are at large some worthies 
whose gu It is undoubted and whose liberty is reasonably secure 
so long as the threat of the penitentiary is held over him. There 
is further suspicion that certain functionaries of the Superior 
Court are in the conspiracy. What could be shrewder than a plot 
to discredit bim by making it appear that he is trying to bribe 
jurymen and at the same time make every man on the jury afraid 
to vote for his acquittal ? While tbe " reformers " are at work 
they might turn their attention to this infamous case. 

AS usual, the Inaugural Ball at the Capitol was a disgrace to 
the State. It was an exhibition of bad manners, vulgar os- 
tentation, and the porcine propensities of the majority of the 
participants. There was a series of mad rushes to the sapper 
table, tbe Sacramentese sweeping everything edible from sight, 
while ex-Governor Markham and wife had the door slammed in 
their faces, and tbe legislators, with the ladies accompanying 
them, vainly awaited in a secluded chamber their summons to 
the feast. A disgusted member of the Legislature proposes that 
the use of the Capitol building for the purposes of a ball be hence- 
forth forbidden, and to tbis the people of the State heartily say 
amen. It is a piece of monstrous extravagance and folly to sus- 
pend for three or four days the business of the Legislature for 
such an object — which was the making of money by a con- 
scienceless lot of rascals who know how to "work" the Gov- 

THE most caustic piece of sarcasm that has had public airing in 
print since Calvin McDonald quit the business appeared in 
tbe Bulletin of the 29ch. There are two pictures presented — one 
by the pen of the versatile reporter, in which he had portrayed, 
in the most bewitching language and ornate style, the form and 
features of the famous female attorney, Mrs. Fbcebe Cousins, of 
St. Louis, now on a visit to San Francisco. Just underneath this 
fascinating pen picture, another artist gets in his deadly work at 
carving out a bast with features of a person that must have 
caused the enthusiastic reporter to faint when he saw nnderneath 
this bast the inscription, " Mrs. Phoebe W. Cousins." It is not 
explained as to which Is correct, but for the sake of being on the 
safe side in these days of quick shots and small provocations, we 
think the pen-picture is the right thing, and let the other artist 
take hit chances. 

M\\ OH B1 n:.i ha. re.orted to Ibe cheap old irick of opposing 
the water company's bill for serving the municipality, hi. 
reason being ih»i II has rained to mm-h thai the parks did not 
need sprinkling! The water company Is engaged by the rliv to 
furnish water at so much a month. The clly may take It or not. 
a« il pleases or needs. If ihe city has the privilege of refusing to 
use water when water Is not needed, then the company clearly 
has Ihe privilege of refusing to furnish water when It In needed. 
No one knows Ibis better lhan tbe malevolent old millionaire, 
who cares more for the applause of the prevalent vulgnr than for 
the scorn of tbe restricted wise. Meanwhile, he has announced 
that he is going to rebuild his famous gambling, drinking, and 
s-signalion house at the Cliff, and that It Is to embody all modern 
French improvements. 

TO a thoughtful person who reads the columns of the morning 
papers, a resentment arises that there should beso much illus- 
trated means of cnnie. The whole page of an Examiner this week 
was devoted to burglaries, with pictures of windows and locks, 
having knives and keys inserted. While making the article ap- 
parently fitting as a camion to housekeepers from purchasing 
cheap door locks and window fastenings, it at the same timegave 
an apostle of the burglar school many suggestions as to the way a 
door, window, or pane of glass could be successfully operated 
upon. As the lower element of all cities have little or no reading 
matter outside of the papers, it should be the object of tbe jour- 
nals to crush the criminal element rather than educate it in that 

A TEXAS Solon has introduced in the Legislature of that State 
a bill imposing a fine of one thousand dollars, or imprison- 
ment for one year, or both fine and imprisonment, for failure to 
answer a letter wilbin ten days after its receipt. This measure 
indicates the rapid development of morality in Texas, not 
formerly remarkable for a nice sensitiveness to ethical obliga- 
tions. If delinquent correspondents are thus to get their deserts, 
an amendment might be in order, imposing the same penalties 
for the criminal neglect of a husband to mail within ten days a 
letter entrusted to his overcoat pocket by a confiding wife. 

GENTLEMEN from the country should beware of our San Fran- 
cisco pavements. The case of the Mendocino cattle king is in 
point. He was crossing one of our principal streets, with no 
more care as to his footing than he would exercise on the com- 
paratively smooth surface of his own ranch. As a result, he 
stubbed his toe against a piece of projecting granite, fell down, 
and received a bullet in the leg from a revolver that dropped from 
his pocket. Some of our street crossings are more dangerous 
than tbe trolley cars. 

OUR foxy Mayor never hesitates to impugn the motives of those 
who cross bis path. His latest vilification is the charge that 
Irving M. Scott is the tool of the Southern Pacific people, be- 
cause Mr. Scott, as one of the charter-makers, has proposed the 
reservation of certain streets as boulevards, to be forever free 
from rails and cars. As the old Reynard of the Cliff has designs 
on some of these streets for transportation purposes, he will leave 
no stone unturned to defeat the proposed reservation. 

THERE was a good point in the report made the other day by 
the Committee of Eleven to the reform mass meeting, that 
" the only hope for permanent reform in politics is the reforma- 
tion of the citizens themselves." That goes to the root of the 
matter. The "prominent" and " respectable " citizens take no 
part in the primaries or nominating conventions, but once in a 
year or two they register an "emphatic protest" against corrup- 
tion. Then things run along as before. 

THE reason why Villiers, the war correspondent, twists up the 
ends of his mustache is to keep them from getting bloody 
when he wades in gore. The war correspondent who is not a pic- 
turesque, various, and versatile liar has not yet bad the good for- 
tune to be born. 

A FRESNO woman, who cracked her husband's skull with a 
flower vase, will soon explain in conrt that she did it in self- 
defense, as he was trying to whip her into obedience to his com- 
mands. He forgot that love is a tender flower, and' now there is 
a divorce suit. 

MAYOR SUT.HO is something of an octopus himself, when it 
comes to land. It has been estimated that he owns more 
than one-tenth of this peninsula. And still there are persons 
who thought him extremely patriotic to become Mayor. 

POLICE Judge Campbell has fully exonerated two attorneys, 
practicing in his court, of the charge of unprofessional con- 
duct. In the face of such a vindication, the hardened' cheek; of 
calumny may well blush. 

THE zeal of some of our lawyers in the warfare against the 
"Octopus " is of a most fervid sort. How different it might 
have been had the greedy monster taken them to its slimy em- 
brace 1 

SOME San Francisco preachers seem not to understand that 
Parkhursts are born, not made. There is a vast difference 
between a reformer and a mere howler. 



February 2, 1895. 

AFTER a prolonged and evidently laborious struggle, the new 
President of France has secured a Ministry, of which M. 
Ribot is the premier. It is evidently a makeshift concern, whose 
hold upon the helm is as uncertain as anything could be and yet 
exist. According to the alignments of French politics it should 
be classed as a Moderate Republican Cabinet; and yet it com- 
mences its career with a bill providing for the amnesty of polit- 
ical prisoners, a step which has for a long time past been a cardi- 
nal and fundamental tenet with the Radical Republicans and 
Socialists and firmly opposed by the Conservatives. Beyond 
that and a rigmarole of stilted and meaningless platitudes, in the 
form of a message from President Faure to the Chambers, there is 
nothing to indicate what the course of the new regime will be. 
So far the new Ministry itself has evaded any statement of what 
its policy will be or even of tbe general lines upon which it will 
deal with tbe public business. A reasonable reading of tbe situ- 
ation leads to tbe inference that it will attempt to run with the 
hare while bunting with the dogs, and to rely upon the confusion 
of tbe political situation restraining tbe Chambers from any 
adverse action which might precipitate another prolonged and 
useless crisis similar to that through which the country has Just 
come. A Ministry in a country whose politicians are so volatile 
as those of France, which rests upon such a foundation as that, is 
obviously holding by a very insecure tenure of power. 

The death of de Giers, the famous Russian diplomat, while it 
removes from the field of human activity one of the most con- 
spicuous figures of the nineteenth century, will not have any 
material effect upon tbe diplomatic politics of Europe. The dead 
man was a master hand in that species of diplomatic intrigue 
which, under Gortschakoff and his immediate predecessor, be- 
came the leading characteristic of Russia's intercourse with the 
other members of the great family of nations. He was always, 
however, a servant of the Czar rather than a representative of 
the nation, and his removal would not at any time have meant 
more than the substitution of one agent for another in the carry- 
ing out of a policy which did not materially change In its great and 
basic principles. Just at this juncture, when a new and broader 
spirit, which renders his peculiar talents less valuable, is being 
infused into tbe purposes of Russian diplomacy, the death of de 
Giers will be infinitely less felt than it would have been five or 
ten years ago. The foreign office at St. Petersburg is a perfectly 
organized and elaborately arranged machine, which moves along 
of its own accord, and needs only the occasional supervision of 
its head except on occasions when very delicate transactions are 
being arranged. There will be a fewer number of such tasks 
under the new Czar, unless the signs of tbe times are misleading; 
consequently tbe peculiar skill of de Giers will not be very much 
missed and the disappearance of bis influence will not be seri- 
ously felt. 

Recent news from Brazil seems to indicate that the reverbera- 
tions of Admiral Benham's blank cannon shot — the firing ot 
which formed an incident of sucb importance tbat it took a page 
in the daily papers to describe — have not yet ceased. We thougbt 
at the time of the occurrence of this incident that our unesteemed 
contemporaries were idiotically effusive, and tbat Congress, 
which passed a resolution thanking the great and only blank 
shot for its determined stand in behalf of "American in- 
terests" (whatever tbat may be) was childishly hysterical. The 
continuous reverberations of that blank shot which bave been 
coming from Brazil ever since it was fired seem, however, to im- 
ply that we underestimated its importance. It was really a 
great event in a nation's destinies, though entirely out of harmony 
with tbe melody of tbe old Liberty Bell. That blank cannon shot 
did more than anything else to overthrow the revolt against 
Peixoto, and now a Congress which was elected under Peixoto's 
personal supervision has charged him with an innumerable array of 
crimes against tbe republic. Those who were in revolt against 
him were, therefore, defending the republic. In addition to that, 
Peixoto is now and has been since he reluctantly retired from the 
presidency the principal menace tbe republic is confronted with. 
He and his faction bave well nigh made the orderly administra- 
tion of government an impossibility at Rio de Janeiro, and an 
attempt by him to seize the government as a dictator may be 
looked for any day. 

The "enterprise" with which the daily papers have seized upon 
and elaborated tbe dispute between Guatemala and Mexico has 
naturally surrounded the situation with so much stupid and 
ignorant confusion that one finds difficulty in following the de- 
velopments of the real incident around the corners of the second- 
band pictures of the government buildings at tbe cities of Mexico 
and Guatemala which have been so unnecessarily projected into 
the controversy. The dispute is in regard to the right of political 
sovereignty over a strip of territory which is said to have a pros- 
pective rather than a real value, because it is covered with a 

healthy growth of mahogany and other rare timber, for which 
there will be a ready market when transportation facilities are 
available. Tbe cause of the controversy is not sufficient to pro- 
voke a war (which would cost more in a month than tbe territory 
in dispute will ever be worth) unless there is a concealed desire to 
force a conflict for other purposes. Guatemala is understood to 
have offered to refer the matter for arbitration to tbe President of 
the United States and it has been announced that our Govern- 
ment has proffered its good offices as a mediator between the 
parties. The offer to arbitrate bas been refused by Mexico on 
the ground that she has already adjudicated the matter in ber 
own favor and that any other decision would be an error of 
judgment which she could not submit to. The proffer of media- 
tion has, according to a press report {which, by the way, are 
generally unreliable), been rejected by President Diaz, in terms 
of polite insolence, because, like tbe offer to arbitrate, it implies 
that Mexico might possibly be wrong. These refusals indicate 
that the Mexican case is a bad one, which will not stand un- 
prejudiced examination, and tbat she is seeking to coerce her 
smaller neighbor. It has been both asserted and denied that tbe 
other Central American republics will make common cause with 
Guatemala in case she is assailed — and the one story has as much 
appearance of truth as tbe other. 

Tbe British Parliament, unless it is again prorogued, will meet 
on Monday. Exactly what tbe Ministry's programme of legis- 
lation will be seems a little uncertain at this time, because there 
have been such a number of canards and contradictions put afloat 
in regard to tbe matter. The resolution against the House of 
Lords will of course occupy a prominent though perhaps orna- 
mental place; tbe Weth disestablishment question will be dealt 
with; the recommendations of the Royal Commission in regard 
to reforming and merging the municipal governments of London 
will be put before Parliament in the form of positive legislation. 
This will surprise many observers of British politics, because the 
question is one which carries with it many political dangers to 
tbe Ministry, while, on the other hand, it presents little oppor- 
tunity for gaining political advantage or making party capital. 
Tbe proposed payment of members will not be made a govern- 
ment measure at this time, though the Ministry professes to re- 
gard it with friendly feelings. A good deal bas been said in the 
San Francisco papers about tbe danger of tbe government being 
defeated through the defection of Lancashire Liberals in regard to 
the Indian coiton duties. A reading of tbe English papers does 
not disclose any cause for such a fear. As a matter of fact, tbe 
English cotton spinners have been protected by a countervailing 
excise duty, so that if anybody bas a right to grumble it is the 
Indian manufacturer. When a Tory paper, like the London 
Times, tells the Lancashire men tbat tbey have no cause of com- 
plaint, it is pretty sure tbat their case is without merit. 


Fire and Marine Insurance Agents, 

309 and 311 Sausome St San Francisco, Cal 


FINDLAY, DURHAM & BRODIE 43 and 46 Threadneedle St., London 

SIMPSON, M ACKIRDY & CO 29 South Castle St., Liverpool 

FCERST BROS. & CO 2 and 4 Stone St., New York 

City Index and Purchaser's Guide. 

FRANK KENNEDY, law office, 66 Murphy Bldg., 1236 Market St. 

CANDIES put up lor shipment at ROBERTS', Polk and BnBh streets. 

It. IITI.IK, 416 Geary street. 

KELLY'S CORN CURE, gSc. Drugs at wholesale, 102 Eddy street. 

EVANS' POISON OAK SPECIFIC. Positive cure. Sold by all drug- 

THE WONDER Hat, Flower and Feather Store, 1024-1028 Marketstreet . 

FRANCO-AMERICAN Restanrant-521 Montgomery St. F. Hltte. 
REPAIRING DONE while you wait at POLLOCK'S, 202 Powell street. 

JOHN A. BENSON, Engineer. Dealer in Land Scrip. 430 Kearny St. 

For antomlzatlon purposes. 

THE CLEVELAND FAUCET CO., 208 Ellis street 

February 9 

san n:\\< is. LETTEB 



NEW YORK is defenseless. All of our gallant troops are on tbe 
other side of tbe big bridge fighting Brooklyn rioters, and 
andlng out, as Ihey did nearly two years ago In Buffalo, that 
being Id tbe militia Is not all fun nor playing at soldiering. Think 
of it. happy sods of a semi-tropical clime, who never have to face 
sleet and snow and have the rain freeze on yoor beautiful runs- 
laches! Think of your poor Eastern brothers dragged from their 
well-beated houses, many of them luxurious ones. And forced to 
sleep Id draughty car-bonses. to patrol the icy streets, or stand 
ankle deep in snow or slush all night on picket duty! It is a 
good test of tbe plnck and manliness which a young cotillion 
leader bas back of bis little society airs and affectations, and his 
good qualities have been pnt successfully to tbe proof. Troop A, 
tbe particularly swell One Hundred in the militia, represents the 
flower of New York society young men, and it is a refutation of 
the too frequent sneering criticism of the dancing man to see 
these plucky fellows at work. 

I know of no strike which has called forth so little sympathy 
for tbe strikers. There were reasonable explanations for the re- 
bellion of tbe unfortunate men at Pullman which are entirely 
lacking here, while the objection which the motormen are mak- 
ing to the instruction of applicants as eager for work us they 
once were is a contradiction of all their vaunted goodfellowship 
and fairness. The UDhappy denizens of Brooklyn are finding life 
far from agreeable. There have been dangerous rushes and 
blockades on the Bridge, and the ferryboats carry hundreds 
through cold and fog to landings remote from their dwellings. 
Altogether, for making the patrons of the trolley roads utterly un- 
comfortable, tbe strikers have chosen a supreme moment. 

In spite of the cold, Californians are venturing Eastward. Miss 
Ybarra, with Mrs. Page Brown and Mrs. Colonel Hawes, has just 
arrived from California, Miss Ybarra to spend the winter with 
her sister, Mrs. 8antiago Smithers, in West Eighty-fifth street, 
and Mrs. Brown to visit Mrs. Pryor for three months. Dr. Deane 
came also on the same train. Mr. Frank Taliaferro is in New 
York on business and will make only a short stay. Miss Ferrer, 
who has been Mrs. 8mithers's guest for several weeks, has again 
been quite ill. The young Mackays have been enjoying life in 
Washington, and were the guests of honor at a young people's 
dance given on Monday night by Senator and Mrs. Stewart for 
their daughter, Miss Bessie Stewart, who, I am sure, is not for- 
gotten in Ban Francisco society, where she used to shine. Mr. 
Andrew McCreery, Mrs. Justice Field's nephew, is visiting 
America, and is being very widely entertained. Mrs. Willie Brown 
has just recovered from grippe in time to welcome home her 
daughter, who has been visiting in the West. 

By chance I heard the other day of Wilder Pease, who was so 
long and well known in your city. He is in business in New 
Haven, where he has prospered exceedingly. His apartmeut, 
where he gives charming musicales, is, I am told, very artistic as 
well as luxurious. 

Miss Sanderson's debut has of course been the supreme topic 
with all of the Californian colony. She chose Marion as the opera 
in which to introduce herself, and made in it a succes d'estime. 
She was in a certain way at a disadvantage, as De Reszke, sing- 
ing for the first time the rdle of Des Grienx, was, while superb 
both vocally and dramatically, so carried away by his own 
anxious efforts that he several times seemed to rob her of her 
" situations. "- As De Reszke is the kindest and most fair and 
generous of men, and would be the last man id the world to em- 
barrass or hamper any one — most of all a woman strange to the 
public which adores bim — there is nothing to say of the affair 
other than that he was nervous iu a new rdle. Miss Sanderson 
was a success, not only as a singer and an artist, but also as a 
most beautiful and attractive woman. I saw her in Covent Gar- 
den in Manon, supported by the great A ustrian tenor, Van Dyck, 
and saw the vast English audience thrilled by her magnificent 
acting in the Monastery scene. I was therefore quite prepared 
for the enthusiasm which the scene evoked at the Metropolitan. 
Needless to say, the Californian element was widely represented. 
From the vaudeville box beamed forth the radiant countenances 
of "Ned" Taylor, Hugo Toland, and Leonard Chenery. The 
Mackays, father and son, were in the stalls, where were also Mrs. 
Bella Nichols, Mrs. Carl Jungen, both suffering from grippe and 
risking pneumonia, but nevertheless enthusiastically happy. 
Dan Gillette, Mr. and Mrs. Willie Brown, Colonel Hawes, Will 
Dewey, Tim Hubbard, and I can not remember how many other 
of tbe transplanted, lent their presence to tbe fascinating Sybil's 
welcome. Mrs. Sanderson is, of course, with her daughter, and 
they are domiciled at the St. James Hotel, on Madison Square. 
New York, January 23, 1895. Passe -Paetout. 

The facility with which hot and cold salt water baths may be had 
in the heart of San Francisco is one explanation of the great popu- 
larity of the Lurline Baths, corner of Bush and Larkin streets. The 
water is pumped directly from the ocean, and therefore is the genu- 
ine article. The great swimming bath at the Lurline is one of the 
sights and delights of the city, and is patronized by all who know the 
value of health and fun. 





Wherever he 
may be, 

Wc are satisfied 

if you try it. 
you will be 
satisfied if you 

A 2oz. [rial package sent postpaid for25di 




Is at the head of BellinRham Bay, on Puget Sound. It is the 
Northwest Citv of ,he 8,a,c o( Washington; population about 
10,000. it is the third city in size and wealth in Western Wash- 
ington. All its industries are thn-ving. 

IT HAS ADVANTAGES pos essed by no other point in the 
State of Washington; the country is rich in coal iron, aud other 
minerals: it is rich in agricultural and tlmher land; the city is 
lighted by electricity; it has tw> electric street car lines; the 
water supply 1s from a la-ge mountain lake 316 feet above the 
ci'y front; the quantity of water is unlimited, and is uted to 
drive machinery for manufacturing purposes. For domestic 
u*e it is unequfll'd. 

NEW WHATCOM is Ihe home of the Bellingham Ba" and 
Briti h Columbia railroad, and of the Belllngton Bay and East- 
ern Railroad; it is the American terminus of the Canadian 
Paetfic Railway, and the Pacific Coast terminus of the Great 
Northern Railroad; the Northern Pacific Railroad is making 
prepara'ious to enter tbe city; its harhor is one of the best in 
the world; the steamships of the Pacific Coast S. 8. Cumpany 
for the North all go there; steamers arrive at and depart daily 
from New Whatcom for all ports on Puget Sound. 



121 POST ST., 

Bet. Kearny St. and Grant Ave. 


are made with the 


For fine shooting they are simply perfect. 


The Model American Caterer. 

1206 SUTTER ST., S. F. Telephone 2388. 


Keep him warm. It will cost you very lit 
tie and will enable him to withstand the ills 
which come with inclement weather 
Horse Blankets, warm ones, SI; Oiled Horse 
Covers, waterproof, $2; Lap Robes, warm 
ones, $150; Busgy Whips, 10c.; Ge mine 
French Horse Clippers, ?1 25; Sinele Buggy 
Harness, our own make, ?5. Everything in 

„ . __ our line very cheap. W. DAVIS «ft SON, 

-'-r£$!'-40-^ 410 Market street, below Sansome. 





February 2, 1865. 

ELLA McKENNA FRIEND writes as follows about the fash- 
ions in Paris: ti I have seen a trousseau belonging to two 
sisters who are coming out together this winter. Their favorite walk- 
ing gowns have unlined skirts of mixed gray and black military 
cloth. They are cut so as to fall in pipe folds all about, and the raw 
edges are finished simply by rows of stitching. The cloth itself is so 
heavy that, even made as they are, without foundations, no petticoat 
is necessary. Tne girls wear instead, over their tights, black satin 
knickerbockers lined with soft eider-down flannel, and loDg gaiters 
of gray suede or cloth. With these military skirts, blouses are worn, 
made of velvet in tiny checks of three colors— one is of gray, emerald, 
and rose. They have large gigot sleeves, and are laid in wide box 
plaits that bag a trifle over the gray suede belt. Silver links fasten 
the blouse, and turnover cuU's and collars of white cambric, trimmed 
with a narrow yellow lace entredeux, complete the frock. One of 
the girls will wear with such a gown a jacket of military cloth. It 
hangs perfectly straight, and is cut off squarely at the waist line, the 
raw edge being finished by rows of stitching. The gigot sleeves, the 
square stole, and high collar are of Persian lamb, This will be topped 
by a Tam-o'-Shanter of gray suede, with a curved brim of Persian 
lamb. It is trimmed simply with aigrettes of jetted black cock's 
plumes and emerald green rosettes on each side. 

"Another out-door gown is of rough green basket weave, with little 
■curling tufts of ecru hairs all over it. The skirt is eight or ten yards 
wide, and is quite plain, save for a thick row of cornflower blue vel- 
vet finishing it at the feet. The bodice is a gathered blouse of green 
wool, with belt and choker of blue velvet clasped with twisted gold 
buckles. Sleeves are hung with long, easy folds. The final touch is 
given the gown by rows of large bone buttons in shades of ecru , which 
reach from throat to ankles on each side of the front. A three- 
quarters length jacket is worn over this of ecru melton, with large 
bone buttons. The sleeves and collar are of velvet of the same shade. 
The double revers are perforated to show a cornflower blue silk lining 
and bound with velvet. A boa finishes the throat, made of curly 
dark green ostrich feathers, and blue tulle rosettes. On each side of 
the front a cluster of violets nestles in a bunch of tulle. The big 
hat is feather-laden and all green, save for two little blue choux 
tucked under the brim over each ear. 

"Another wool gown is of caracule cloth, in dark blue, combined 
with thin white glace 1 kid very smartly. The skirt is finished by a 
blue velvet cord and a wideband of perforated white kid, laid over 
■bright blue satin, and outlined with steel embroidery. The large 
sleeves have deep cuffs of perforated kid over blue, which is also used 
for the plain throat band. The cloth bodice is laid in the modish 
loose plaits, and held at the waist by an odd little belt. It is rather 
deep, and made of narrow stripes of white kid edged with steel em- 
broidery, and fastened together with steel links. In the back the 
kid extends into two slender coat-tails, also steel embroidered. 
Thrown over this there will be a waist-deep cape of dark blue velvet, 
lined with white rabbit fur. The deep round yoke and square epau- 
lettes are of steel embroidered white kid; and a ruche of blue velvet 
and tiny white tips encircles the throat. 

"For dinner at homethese young girls will often wear skirts of thick 
■black satin a dozen yards wide at the hem, and hung in tube folds. 
They are finished by thick satin ropes covered with black guipure, 
or by narrow edges of fur. The bodices are brightly colored, high- 
necked creations of all kinds of combinations. One stunning blouse 
is of pale blue velvet, with immense elbow puffs. Narrow strips of 
black bear fur edge the velvet stole about the shoulders and trim the 
•blouse in rows from throat to waist. Twists of bright scarlet velvet 
-finish the throat, waist, and sleeves, and a tiny old-fashioned fan of 
scarlet feathers dangles from the waist. An added touch will be 
given this Frencby combination of scarlet, blue, and black if worn 
'out,' by white gloves, wrinkled thickly to the elbow. 

"A cardinal blouse of mousseline de soie has a wide, flat collar of 
yellow point lace; and the immensely puffed cardinal mull sleeves 
have yellow lace mushroom cuffs at the elbows. The collar and belt 
; are of stiff white moire ribbon tied in square bows at the back, the 
ends of the sash hanging to the hem of the black satin skirt. A third 
•bodice has very novel epaulettes and belt of finest baby Persian 
lamb. The rest of the waist is built of soft puffs of rose silk, with 
-elbow cuffs and choker of black guipure, and one large rose chrysan- 
themum on each side of the bust." 

Fok Ibbitation of the tmroat caused by Cold or use of the voice 
" Brown's Bronchial Troches" are exceedingly beneficial. 

Mild, but always effective, Ayer's Pills are indispensable as 
medicine, both for children aud adults. 

Mothers be sure and use"Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup' 
children while teething. 

a family 
for your 


The Largest Manufacturers of 


On thia Continent, have received 


from the great 

trial and Food 


In Eur ope and Am erica. 

"Unlike the Dutch Vroccne, no Alka- 
I lies or other Chemicals or Dyes arc 
^^uaed in ony of their pre pa nit ions. 
.._.. JeliciouB BREAKFAST COCOA fe absolutely 
pure and soluble, uml costs leas than one cent a cup. 




Comforts i- 

f The 



"The California Hotel" is admittedly the 
most comfortable and homelike down-town hotel 
in the city. It is luxuriously furnished, and all 
its appointments are in keeping. Polite attention 
and uniform courtesy is extended to all guests. 
A feature of the California is the American plan 
dining room on the top floor. The California 
Hotel is absolutely fireproof. 

American Plan, from $3 per day* 
European Plan, from $i per day) 








703 Market Street, Rooms 18, 19 and 20. 






CHAS. A. LATON, Manager. 439 California Street, S. F. 


William Macdonald, Manager. D. E. Miles, Ass't Manager. 



CAPITAL $10,637,500. 

Net Surplus Over Liabilities 3, 116, SOS 

305 Montgomery Street, San Francisco 

Oldest Stock Fire Insurance Company in the U.S. 



CAPITAL FULLY PAID $3,000,000.00 

Office Pacific Department: 412 Ca lfornia St., 8. F. 

JAMES D. BAILEY, General A(jent. 




OFFICE— 4 IS California St. 

Telephone Maiu, 1184. 

February 2, 1895. 



Sr- ^-> ~ 

7 " -/""> 



A GERMAN firm bas constructed a new form of electric plow, 
wblcb has been tried, and la said to bave been found success- 
ful and economical. The plow has a pair of wheels in the middle, 
and will run in either direction, and it La fitted with an electric motor 
which possesses the same property of reversibility. The motor by a 
chain and sprocket wheel drives the shaft, over which passes a chain 
stretched the length of the field. Both ends of the chain are fastened 
to the ground by triple anchors, and when the motor is sUrted it 
winds the plow over the field by means of the stationary chain. 
When the end of the field is reached the plow is tipped up and the 
motion of the motor reversed by a switch, starting the plow back 
again, and at tbesame time laying the chain sidewise for the next 
furrow to be plowed. When the anchors need shifting it is done by 
a crowbar. To bring the current to the motor from the generator 
the two wires are mounted on a series of small rollers along the 
ground, and they follow the motion of the plow very successfully. 
It i* stated that a considerable saving might be effected by the use of 
this device, especially if several farmers should combine and use it 

——In Vienna a novel letterbox has been introduced, the main 
point of difference being the absence of a key to unlock it. When 
the collecting bag is slid into the groove at the bottom of the box the 
latter opens and drops its contents into the bag. But one motion is 
required for the operation instead of the usual cumbersome series of 
movemeuts necessary to unlock an ordinary box and take out the 
letters by hand in bunches. No other instrument can open the box, 
as the groove is of a peculiar shape, and will not admit anything else. 
Combinations of locks may be arranged for certain routes or districts, 
and the system is said to be looked upon with favor. 

Horses are peculiarly liable toinjury from contact with electric 

current. This is not due, according to The London Lancet, to physical 
structure but to other causes, some of which are in a degree prevent- 
able. The safety of the horse depends upon the skill of the black- 
smith to some extent. The shoes offer a large surface for contact 
and the nails are conductors by which the current may enter the 
body, although the sole of the hoof itself is an insulator. The 
animal's weight aids the contact, and a wet fettockiucreases the dan- 
ger. Blacksmiths, therefore, should not drive the nails to the 
"quick," and the fetlocks should be trimmed. 

——The smoke from smelting furnaces is laden with metals of 
value, the most notable of which are gold and silver. At an Ameri- 
can smelting works mechanical means are being taken to collect the 
suspended matter from the gases. This is done by a horizontal flue 
about five hundred yards in length, through which the gases are 
drawn by means of fans. After passing through the flue the gases 
are passed under pressure into a filtering chamber having about ten 
thousand square yards of filtering material exposed. Through this 
the gases, now freed from mineral matter in suspension, find their 
way to the chimney. 

—Certain perfumes harmonize with each other, like the sounds 
of an instrument, says Mr. Piesse, and there is an octave of odors, 
just as there is an octave of notes. Thus, bitter almond, heliotrope, 
vanilla, and clematis blend very well, each of them producing nearly 
the same impression in a different degree. On the other hand, we 
have lemon, orange peel, and verbena that form a higher octave of 
odors, and which likewise harmoniously associate with each other. 

— M. Kouxhas now 140 horses undergoing immunization. On 
and after January 1st, the authorities of the Pasteur Institute hope 
to be in a position to supply the whole of France with serum. The 
impossibility of getting the serum in the provinces is causing an 
afflux of diohtheria cases to Paris, and the attention of the Minister 
of Public Works has been called to the danger to the public health 
involved in the transport of such patients in ordinary trains. 

—The doubt and obscurity which for so long shrouded the history 
of oceanic currents seem to have been forever dispelled, says Pro- 
fessor Heilprin, in The New Science Review. However tempting other 
explanations may appear, scientists bave gradually settled down to 
the conviction, made inevitable by a practical demonstration, that 
the guiding power of these currents is resident in the non-periodic 
winds, or such as blow constantly from definite quarters. 

—A German statistician has computed that Greece stands in the 
first rank among European countries in the number of centenarians. 
He attributes this to the climate. 

For wet weather duck shooting the only " dead sure " cartridge 
is Belby's " Ducking Black First Grade" loaded with the strongest 
and cleanest Ducking Grade Powder, with waterproof wads and 
chilled shot. Nothing better can be had. 

There are plenty of stylish men in San Francisco, but they are 
the men who buy their furnishing eoods at John W. Carmany's, 25 
Kearny street, where only the latest styles are sold. 



insurance Company, 

CAPITAL. $1,000,000 | ASSETS, $3,000,000. 


V. t'arilp. l>rl..;«-hl. Milliliter lor the Pacific t'oasl Branch. 

*2U Nuns. inn- M.. 8. F. 

Capital SI, 600.000.00 

Infested in U. S. 664,433.81 


Agents City Department, 

238 California St., 8. F.,Cal. 



Storage Capacity, 100,000 Tons. Regular Warehouse for fetan 
Francisco Produce Excbauge Call Board. 

These Warehouses are the largest on the Pacific Goaat, and are furnished 
with the latest improvements for the rapid handling and storing of Grain. 
A mill attached, supplied with the best and newest machinery for cleaning 
foul and smutty Wheat. 

Money advanced at lowest rates of interest on grain stored in Warehouses, 
Insurance effected at lowest rates in Firat-ClaBB Companies, or Grain sold, 
If desired, at current rates. 
Office ol the Company, 202 Sansome St., over the Angio-Callfornla Bank. 




No. 316 California Street. San Francises. 


OF BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS. Assets $19,724,638.45. 

HENRY K. FIELD, General Agent, 
Mills Building Montgomery Street, San Francisco, 



Established 1835. 

Capital, $2,250,000. Total Assets, 86,864,663 66 

United States Department: 204 SANSOME ST., SAN FRANCI8CO. 

VOSS, CONRAD A tU.. General Managers. 






These three Companies are liable jointly and severally for all LosseB that 
may be sustained. 

HARRY W. 8YZ, General Agent, 

410 California St., San Francisc o, Oal 


[ Establi shed by Royal Charter, 1720.] 


[Established 1886.] 
Office— Northwest corner Sacramento and Montgomery Street. 

GEO. F. GRANT, Manager 



Capital Paid Dp ■■•* 600,000 

Assets ■ S.181,758 

Surplus to Policy Holders 1,626,167 


401 Montgomery Street. 
BOYD & DICKSON, S. F. Agents, 

SOI Montgomery Street 



(Incorporated A. D., 1799.) 

BUTLER & HALDAN, Gen'l Agents, 

413 California Street, San Francisco 



February 2, 1895. 


HOWARD V. SUTHERLAND, a young writer of thiB city, is 
as yet practically uukuown to tbe needless public (which is 
incapable of making independent discoveries), but among the select 
few literary aristocrats, who make no noise, his genius is appreciated. 
He has written stones of the strangest and most original order, but 
we have here to do particularly with his verses, a few of which are 
appended hereto. In lyrics especially does he display a distinctively 
tine poetic quality— but his work can speak for itself: 


Last night again God's angel came to me 

And lured my soul with kisses warm and sweet 

Far from Earth's gloom unto the very seat 

Whence love flows outward like an endless sea. 

Within those waves my soul, made pure and free, 

Awhile found rest from Life's consuming heat, 

And even sought its heavenly mates to greet 

With joyous praise untinged by misery. 

But soon, alas, the tires which but slept 

Awoke again and through my being crept, 

And poisoned thus what once seemed purest bliss. 

Love's crystal sea seemed flecked with many a stain, 

So that my soul grew bitter and was fain 

To long for earth and curse the angel's kiss. 

Evening Song. 

The wind is very still to-night, 

The birds are silent too; 
The calm old stars look very bright 

Upon their couch of blue. 
The insects all have ceased to drone, 

The weary flowers sleep; 
I cannot even hear the moan — 

The love cry of the deep. 

Above, beneath, around my form 

I feel the love of God ; 
It makes the air seem pure and warm, 

It rises from each sod. 
I almost see the angels smile 

Ahove in heaven there; 
But oh I my heart is sad the while — 

Sweet love, thou art not here! 


Where are now those years departed 
When the children, simple-hearted, 

Beautified Life's desert plain ? 
Gone are they, with love-faint flowers 
Wooed at night by summer showers; 

Seek them not— thy quest is vain. 

Loud is now the Wheel's stern grinding, 
Dark is gloom, yet Light too blinding; 
Grope we ever, never finding- 
Children, flowers, all have left us. 

All have left us! Lone and weary 
Climb we up the hillsides dreary 

Where the fairies used to reign. 
Oh, return, ye years departed, 
Flowers, children simple-hearted, 

Bring us rest and soothe our pain ! 

The Flowers and the Children. 
Like the flowers of the desert are the children of the town, 

Save they miss the desert's sunshine and the desert's scanty 
And the flowers hear the bird-songs, though they be all parched 
and brown, 
But the children, in the daytime, only hear the song of pain. 

And the flowers of the desert have at least the sweet, pure air 
Reaching upwards into heaven, where the stars for aye endure; 

But the children droop and wither in a fevered whirl of care, 
And the stars will seldom glitter o'er the alleys of the poor. 

The angels tend the flowers, and they somehow seem to bloom, 
But the children of the cobbles ever hunger, often die. 

Still their child-souls hear the crooning of the angels in night's 
And I think they will be happy, up in heaven, by-and-by. 

No lamp is a good one 
without the right chimney. 
The "Index to Chimneys" 

Write Geo A Macbeth Co, 
Pittsburgh, Pa, maker of 
"pearl glass" and "pearl top." 



Pal*!- up Capital, f 1,000,000. 

Corner Montgomery and California Streets, San Francisco. 

J. D. FRY, President HENRY WILLIAMS, Vice-President 

J. Dalzell Brown. Secretary and Treasurer. 

This company is authorized by law to act as Executor, Administrator, 
Assignee, Receiver or Trustee. It is a legal depositary for Oourt and Trust 
Funds. Will take entire charge of Real and Personal Estates, collecting 
the income and profits, and attending to all such details as an individual 
in like capacity could do. 

Acts as Registrar and Transfer Agent of all Stocks and Bonds. 

Receives deposits subject to check and allows interest at the rate of two 
per cent per annum on daily balances. Issues certificates of deposits 
bearing fixed rates of interest. 

Receives deposits in its savings department from Jl upwards, and allows 
the usual rate-, of interest thereon. 

KENTS SAFES inside its burglar-proof vaults at prices from $5 per 
annum upwards, according to size. Valuables of all kinds may be stored 



33 Post Street, below Kearny Mechanics* Institute Building 

PAID-U? CAPITAL % 300,000. 


JAMES D. PHELAN, President 

S G MURPHY Vice-President 

JOHN A. HOOPER Vice-President 

Directors— James D. Phelan, L. P. Drexler, John A. Hooper, C. G. 
Hooker, James Moffitt, 3 u. Murphy, Frank J. Sullivan, Robert McElroy, 
and Joseph D Grant. 

Interest paid on Term and Ordinary Deposits. Loans on Approved se- 
curities. GEO. A. STORY, Cashier. 

Deposits may be seut by postal order, Wells, Fargo A Co., or Exchange 
on City Banks- When opening accounts send signature. 


Corner California and Webb Streets. 

DEPOSITS. June 30, 1894 $24,061,791 27 

GUARANTEE CAPITAL and Surplus 1,627,062 43 

DIKECTOKS — Albert Miller, President; E. B. Pond, Vice-President; 
Thomas Magee, G. W. Beaver, Charles Pace, Daniel E. Martin, W. C. B. 
De Fremery, George C. Boardman, J. G. Eastland; Lovell White, Cashier. 

Receives Deposits, and Loans only on real estate security. Country re- 
mittauces may be sent by Wells, Fargo A Co., or by check of reliable 

Sarties, payable in San Francisco, but the responsibility of this Savings 
ank commences only with the actual receipt of the money. The signa- 
ture of the depositor should accompany the first deposit. No charge is 
made for pass book or entrance fee. Office hours— 9 a. m. to 3 p. m. Satur 
day evenings, 6:30 to 8. 


N . E. Corner Sansome and Sutter Streets, 

Cask Capital anil Surplus $6,350,000 00 

John J. Valentine President I Homer 8. King Manager 

H. Wads worth CasMer | F. L. Lipman Assistant Cashier 

N. Y. City, H. B PARSONS, Cashier. | Salt Lake City, J. E. DOOLY, Cashier 

John J . Valentine, Benj P . Cheney. Oliver Eldridge. Henry E. Hunting- 
ton, Homer 8. King, Geo. E. Gray, John J. McCook, Charles F. Crocker, 
Dudley Evans. 


CAPITAL .... $1,260,000 

Successor to Satheh A Co., Established 1851, San Francisco. 

JAMES K. WILSON ...President 

C. F. A. TALBOT, Vice-President. L. I. COWGILL, Cashier 

Directors: E. A. Bruguiere, F. W Sumner, Albert Miller, Wm. P. John- 
sou, C. F. A. Talbot, C. 8. Benedict, James K. Wilson. 

Agents; New York— Drexel, Morgan A Co. Boston— Downer & Co. 
Philadelphia— Drexel A Co Chicago— Atlas National Bank. St, Louis— 
The Mechanics' Bank. Kansas City— First National Bank. London— Brown 
Shipley A Co, Paris— Drexel, Harjes A Co. 


No. 18 Weary Street, S. F. 

Incorporated November 24, 1869. 

ADOLPH C. WEBER President | ERN8T BRAND Secretary 

February 2, 189">. 





SOME of tba rhymed obituaries in the tieorjna newspapers 
are ludicrous in the extreme. Here is a sample: 
" 1 gave him hi? medicine regular, 
From morn till tb»- Ml of sun; 
He took two powders at 10 o'clock. 
And another powder at 1. 

" Uut doctors cannot help us 

When death knocks at the door. 
Good- by. my darling husband ; 
You left at ten minutes to 4 ! " 

Two passengers on a western train became involved in a contro- 
versy which waxed so hot tbat one of them called the other a liar. 
11 What's that, a liar V " and he was on his feet in an instant " Yes, 
a liar," was the emphatic response, " or my name ain't John .Smith, 
of Smithville." " What, the hardware merchant ? " " The same." 
" Mr. Smith. I am delighted to meet you. I represent Mr. Sharpedge 
A Co , of New York, and can show you a line of samples that will 
make your hair curl." — Texas Siflinqa. 

Some time since, being in Leicestershire. 1 was passing down the 
street of a village, when I met a funeral , and asked a simple-looking 
fellow standing beside me: " Whose funeral is that, young man 7" 
Native— O, that be old Isaac Williams. sir. " What! Isaac Williams! 
You don't mean to say he is dead ? " Native (doubtfully)— Well, sir, 
I don't rightly know about that; but they be burying him on sus- 
picion . — Exchange. 

A lady was showing a visitor the family portraits in the picture 
gallery. " That officer there in uniform," she said. " was my great- 
grandfather. He was as brave as a lion, but one of the most unfor- 
tunate of men. He never fought a battle in which he did not have an 
arm or a leg carried away. Then she added proudly : " He took 
part in twenty-four engagements." — Tid-Bits. 

Here is a Japanese student's idea of an English love-poem, from 
a university magazine iu Tokio: 

'• The purest flame, the hottest heat, 
Is woman's power over Earth, 
Which mighty black and pale down beat, 
And made the Eden, place of birth. 

" Of what? Of what? Canst thou tell me 7 
A birth of noble high value— 
The station he designed for thee — 
Of woman, mother, social glue." 

Mr. Newedd— "What! No cook stove in the house ? I gave you 
money to buy one. Mrs. Newedd— Yes, my love, but I found 1 hadn't 
enough to buy a stove and hire a cook, too, so 1 let the stove go. But 
the cook is here, and she's a treasure. She has just gone out to get 
ns some crackers and cheese. — New York Weekly. 

"It won't work," said Jones, sadly. "What won't work?" 
" Hypnotism. Tried it on the butcher. Looked at him fixedly until 
I had his undivided attention ; then I said, very slowly and with em- 
phasis: 'That — bill — is— paid.'" " And what did the butcher do? " 
" He said: ' You're a liar! ' " —New York Press. 

Magistrate — You say the prisoner struck you but once ? Com- 
plainant— Yes, sir. Magistrate (to prisoner)— Why didn't you 
strike him a second time ? Prisoner— I didn't have to, yer honor. 

— Harlem Life. 
" You are the only girl I've kissed." 
Quoth she: " Of that I'm sure, 
Because your mode of kissing seems 

So very amatoor." — Detroit Free Press. 

Doctor— Why, my dear sir, I see four empty wine bottles standing 
there, and vet I only gave you permission to drink one bottle. 
Patient— An, doctor, 1 am afraid I made a mistake in counting. 

— Le Petit Meridional. 
First Boston Girl— What a dowdy that Miss Careless is. Second 
Boston Girl — In what way? First Boston Girl— She uses a pro- 
nunciation that went out of fashion two seasons ago.— iV*. Y. Weekly. 

Little Miss Mugg— I bet you never saw such a beautifully dressed 
doll as mine. Little Miss Freckles— No, I never did. Its clothes 
are so fine that you look like a hired nurse beside it. — Ex. 

Life with him was real and earnest, 
And the grave was not its goal ; 
The united efforts of six doctors 

Failed to put him in the hole. — N. Y. News. 
She — Mother objected to my reading your book because it was— er — 
too sensational. The Rising Author -And what did you think of 
it ? — New York World. 

Maud— Don't you think that Mr. Totterly is too old to love? 
Marie— I don't know. But he is rich enough to be loved. — Ex. 

She — I hope, Oscar, you are not marrying me for my money ? He — 
Bless you, no! My creditors will get all of that. — Fliegende Blaetter. 

Lieutenant— Waiter, bring me half a duck, but see to it that the 
other half does not fall into any but worthy hands. — Ex. 

A bonanza for agents. Something new. Burglar alarm door hell. 
Secure county rights in California. Send stamp for circular. T. J. 
Stephens, 406 Montgomery street, San Francisco. 

As a blood purifier, Ayer's Earsaparilla surpasses all other remedies. 


[nOOrpor*l«d l.y (Coral Charter, 1862. 

CAPITAL Paid Up 13.000.000 


Bouthaaal oornai Btuh and Banaoma itreeti 

111 \ li OmCfl lio l.nmlmnl Mrcrc, LOBdOl 

Branches— Victoria, Vancouver, N>w Woaltnliuter, Kamloopa, Nairn! mo, 
ami NwaoD: Hrltl>li Colombia; Portland, Oregon; Seattle it nil Tacoraa 
Washington. ' 

This Hank ttmosaotfl h Oanotal Banking Business. AoOOOntl DMIlcd mib* 
Ject to cheek. Hti<) Special Dcpoatu reoaiTed. Commercial Crtdlli mated 
available in all parts of the world. Approved Bills dlaoonntod and ad- 
vaucea made on good collateral tooarlty. Draws direct at current ralen 
upon ft* Head oniee and Branches, and Upon Its Agenta, aa follows: 

N'bw York— Merchants Hank of Canada; run *.;..— First National Bank; 
Liverpool— North and donth Wales Bank; SCOTLAND— Brltlah Linen Com- 
pany: Ireland— Bank of Ireland Mexico— London Bank of Mexico 
Socth America— London Bank of Mexico and South America; China and 
Jacan— chartered Bank of India. Australia and China; Australia and 
New Zealand— Bank of Australasia and Commercial Banking Company 
of Sydney, Ld. ; Pemerara and T rinidad (West Indies)— Colonial Bank. 


CAPITAL $3,000,000 00 

SURPLUS and Undivided Profits (October 1, 1894) 3.168,129 70 


Charles R Bisho.-, Vice-President Allen M. "lay. Secretary 

S. Prentiss Smith, Ass't Cashier, I. F. Moulton, 2d Ass't Cashier. 


New York— Messrs Laidlaw & Co; The Bank of New York, N. B. A. 
Boston— Tremout National Bank; London— MeBsrs. N. M. Rothschild & 
Sons; Paris— Messrs. De Rothschild Freres; Virginia City (Nev)— Agency 
of The Bank of California; Chicago— Union National BaDk, aod Illinois 
Trust and Savings Bank; Australia and New Zealand— Bank of New 
Zealand; China, Japan and INDIA-Chartcred Bank of India, Australia 
and China. St. Louis— Boatmen's Bank. 

Letters of Credit issued available iu all parts of the world. 

Draws Direct on New York, Boston, Chicago, St. Louis, Salt Lake, 
Denver, Kansas City, New Orleans, Portland, Or., Los AngeleB, and on 
London, Paris, Berlin, Bremen, Hamburg, Fraukfort-on-Main, Copenhagen, 
Stockholm, Christiania, Melbourne, Syudey, Auckland, Hongkong, Shang- 
hai, Yokohama, Genoa, and all cities in Italy. 


Authorized Capital ... $3,500,000 | Capital Paid Up, $2,450,000 

Reserve $500,000. 

San Francisco Office— 424 California St. London Office— 73 Lombard St., E.C . 
Portland Branch— Chamber of Commerce Building. 
Tacoma Branch— 115b Pacific Ave. 
Manager, ARTHUR SCRIVENER. Assistant Manager, WILLIAM STEEL. 
LONDON BANKERS— Bank of England and London Joint Stock Bank. 
NEW YORK— Messrs. J P. Morgan & Co. BOSTON— Third National Bank. 
This Bank is prepared to transact all kinds of General Banking and Ex- 
change Business in London and San Francisco, and between said cities and 
all parts of the world. 


No. 526 CALIFORNIA ST., S. F. 

Gnara nteed Capital and Reserve Fund $1 ,850,000 00 

Deposits January 2, 1894 39,439,317 018 

OFFICERS— President, Edward Kruse; Vice-President, B A. Becker; 
Second Vice-President, George H. Eggers; Cashier, A. H. R. Schmidt; As- 
sistant Cashier, Wm. Herrmann; Secretary, George Tourney; Assistant 
Secretary, A. H. Mailer. 

BOARD OF DIRECTORS— Edward Kruse, George H. Eggers, O. Schoe- 
mann, A. C. Heineken, H. Horstmann, B. A. Becker, H. L. Simon, Ign-. 
Steinhart, Daniel Meyer. Attorney, W. S. Goodfellow. 


N. K. Corner Plue and Saiisonie Streets. 

Capital Authorized $6,000,000 I Paid up $1,500,000 

Subscribed 3,000,000 | Reserve Fund 700,000 

Head Office— 18 Austin Friars, London, E. C. 
Agents at New York— J. & W. Seligman & Co., 21 Broad street. 
The Bank transacts a general banking business, sells drafts, makes tele- 
graphic transfers, and issues letters of credit available throughout the 
world. Sends bills for collection, loans money, buys and sellB exchange 
and bullion. IGN. STEINHART ) „, 
P. N. LILIENTHAL, j Managers 


N. W. Corner SANSOME and SUTTER. 

Subscribed Capital . ..$2,500,000 | Paid Up Capital. $2,000,000 

Reserve Fond $800,000. 

Head Office 68 Old Broad Street, London. 

AGENTS— New York— Agency of the London, Paris and American Bank 
Limited, No. 10 Wall street, N. Y. Pabis— Messrs . Lazard Freres & Cie, 
17 Boulevard Poissoniere . Draw direct on the principal cities of the world. 
Commercial and Travelers' Credits issue. 

BIG. GREENBAUM,) „„„„„. 
C. ALTSCHUL j Managers. 


Corner Market, Montgomery a , u , post Streets. 

PAID-UP CAPITAL ..$1,000,000. 


WM. H. CROCKER President 

W. E. BROWN Vice President 

GEO. W. KLINE Cabkibr 



Wm. Alvord Jerome Lincoln H. H. Hewlett 

Wm. Babcock O. D. Baldwin A. K. P. Harmon 

Adam Grant W. S. Jones J. B. Randol. 



February 2,1895. 

DEAR, TRUST NOT ME.— Cora Stew, 
art Wheeler in Travelers' Record. 

Dear, trust not me! 
I am but human and confess to tbee: 
The rose-leaf kiss thou givest me, serene, 
The ever soft allurement of thy uiein, 
Doth set a torch to such tumultuous fires 
Aa have no lodgment with my wild de- 

Dear, trust not me I 

Dear, trust not me! 
I am but human, and I swear to thee: 
Though I should bind me with a thou- 
sand thongs, 
And know that life Is blasted by thy 
Ooe swift unconscious arrow from thine 

Might my most watchful sentiment sur- 

Dear, trust not me! 

Dear, trust not mel 
Yet, look not so! I am but man— and pec: 
I would brave any death to save thee 

To bold thee safe within this sheltering 
To fend from woes that must all souls 

assail ; 
My love, alone, bath power to bid me 

Dear, trust not mel 

TO learn bow to cook a dinner for four 
persons with healthy appetites so that 
the cost of such a meal should not exceed 
forty cents was the lesson which drew a 
large audience to Mrs. Rorer's lecture at 
the food exposition yesterday. The menu 
for this dinner was delightfully palatable, 
and as the cost of each separate dish was 
given, the fact was demonstrated that one 
need not live extravagantly in order to 
live well. Beginning with a put^e of veg- 
etables, it was followed by sheep's liver 
larded and served with brown sauce. 
Next came baked potatoes, turnips with 
cream sauce, cold slaw and tapioca for 
desert. The cost of these was three cents 
for the soup, three cents for cabbage, ten 
cents for liver, three cents for potatoes, 
two cents for three turnips, two and one- 
half cents for a loaf of stale bread, three 
cents for apples, two cents for tapioca, 
three cents for butter, one and one-half 
cents for eggs, and five cents for spice, 
which brings this very appetizing meal 
within the forty-cent limit. — Philadelphia 

ALL delicate people, and those who suf- 
fer from nervousness, may be inter- 
ested to know that, according to a Vienna 
professor, they should never remain long 
in a room lighted by the electric light, its 
effect on the nervous system being such 
that after a wbtle they generally become 
uDeasy and depressed,